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You have probably gone through this a thousand
times: the one day you leave your house without an umbrella, it pours with rain – you buy
something in the vending machine and it gets stucked – every time you drop a slice of toast,
it always falls with the butter-side down. You probably think it’s a conspiracy in
the universe against you, but nope, most of these misfortunes can be explained through
the Murphys Law, which says that “anything that can go wrong will go wrong”. We are not the first ones to realize that
these things happen. The famous scottish poet Robert Burns wrote in 1786 that The best laid
schemes o’ mice an’ men often go awry. In 1884 the novelist James Payn presented the
example of the bread and butter for the first time. But it wasnt until 1949 that Murphy’s law
or laws appeared as such thanks to the aerospace engineer Edward Aloýsius Murphy, after whom
they were named. Edward worked for the army in the US in big projects such as the Apolo
or the Apache Helicopter, developing security systems. He carried out a project for the US Air Force
to calculate the g-force (which measures the effect of acceleration due to gravity) a person
can tolerate when stopping abruptly. After several attempts, Edward modified the design
but didnt get any results. He inspected carefully the connections of the cables set by his assistant.
There were two possible ways of establishing the connection between the sensors and it
turned out they were ALL wrong. Not even one was right! So Murphy said: If there is a wrong way to
do something, then someone will do it. Little by little, the expression Murphy’s Law became
famous, and what had been born as a principle of security to take into account in engineering,
turned out to be a famous version of the inevitabílity of disasters. But… how much is it true when we are talking
about the Murphy’s laws? It all sounds like coincidence or superstition, however, tho
it might seem weird, science is behind many of these pessimistic statements. In 1996, the scientist Robery A. J. Matthews,
after several experiments, proved that the Murphy’s Laws are not about bad luck, but
about pure physics. He got an IG Nobel Prize for this. Going back to the famous slice of
toast that always falls with the butter side down, he demonstrated, based on the mechanics
of a rigid solid and the rotation speed, that for a slice of bread to rotate completely
and not end up smashed on the floor, the table should be more than 2’5 meters tall. Unfortunately,
Ikea doesnt sell any tables this high, it wouldnt be practical for human beings. Another Murphy’s Law is related to the negativity
bias and selective memory. We tend to remember bad things that happened to us and consider
them more important. If something goes wrong once, it’s gonna be stuck in our heads,
more than the other thousand times that actually went right. This is something inherent to
our human condition and our survival instinct. Matthews also talked about another foundation,
the illúsory correlation. According to it, when we are in a traffic jam, we always have
the feeling of being in the slowest lane. This happens because we spend more time looking
at other cars going passed us than looking at ourselves going passed others. Another reason he gives is statistics and
logic. If we get to a place where there are two lines, probably the one going slower will
have more people and there are bigger chances that we’ll be in that line. If there are
4 lines and we choose one, there is a 75% probability of one of the other lines being
faster. Also, if we lose a sock it’s more likely that, the next sock we lose is from
a different pair – because other complete pairs are the ones we are gonna be using.
Murphy’s Laws have become famous in order to explain negative incidents in our daily
lives that happen accidentally – to justify how jinxed we are or why the Universe is against
us… But truth is, if we investigate, almost all of these principles have an obvious reason,
as it has been proved throughout the years!!! Tiktakers, leave a comment telling us about
your experiences with the Murphy’s Laws!
That’s the tab
for the patient files. Oh, sometimes the software’s
a little glitchy. [tapping]
There. – No! No! Kiss my ass, damn it.
I’m not gonna eat this puke! – Kristi,
you don’t have to eat the oatmeal. But you–
– I won’t eat anything. You don’t think I know
what you’re doing? I know what you’re doing. No!
I have rights, damn it! – Okay, okay, okay.
– Screw you! [spits] Screw all of you! – It’s okay.
You don’t have to eat the oatmeal. What will you eat?
– How many times do I have to tell you?
I’m not hungry. – You’re going through detox,
Kristi. Your body needs food. – Why can’t you just
let me die? I hate my life.
– Listen to me. I know what a struggle it is.
Okay? But I promise you that soon you’re gonna be
a whole new person. A different person, okay? So what about some toast?
– Hmm? – One slice of toast?
Come on. Please?
One toast. One slice.
And then you and I are gonna–
Okay. – Okay.
– You and I are gonna walk around the grounds,
and then we’re gonna be outside and get
some fresh air. Won’t that be good? Yeah, there you go.
Sit. Okay. Okay.
You’re all right. I’ll see you in a few minutes.
Thank you. – She spit in your face.
You didn’t even blink. – I’ve had worse.
A lot of these girls are self medicating. ADHD, bipolar, depression,
and for the first time in their lives they don’t have
drugs to numb the feelings. – Right.
– And Kristi, she’s only been here
a couple days, so we don’t even know
what her issues are. I’m, uh, I’m gonna
go wash my face. Could you print out the notes
from Kristi’s therapy sessions? ‘Cause I wanna be prepared
when we talk. – Absolutely. [clears throat] – This is unbelievable. – There is something
going on there. – It’s an illegal search.
– I know. – Do you know
who raped Natalie? – No, because her files
were transferred. – Don’t tell me that
somebody else was raped. – Do the insurance
companies count? Look. This is Kristi Martin’s
patient billing. It comes to over $100,000. – Yes,
private rehab is expensive. – Right, but that doesn’t
include the cost of walking in the door.
This is just medical tests and procedures.
She’s been in Lux for less than two weeks. $50,000 for
electroconvulsive therapy. – Which I know is bogus.
– Because? – Because at the time
of the supposed procedure, she was threatening the staff
with a dining room chair. These bills are bogus,
and the insurance companies will never know about it.
If they can lie about this, Lux can lie about anything. – Only, it’s inadmissible. – [sighs] – Inevitable discovery. If we can prove that we would
have come up with this without your illegal search… What was the name of Rosemary’s
assistant before you?
>>>OVER THE PAST COUPLE OF NIGHTS, WE SHOWED YOU HOW STATE AND LOCAL AUTHORITIES CAN TAKE MONEY FROM YOU WITH ROAD SIDE TRAFFIC STOPS. THE GOAL, POLICE SAY, IS TO SEIZE CASH LINKED TO CRIMES BUT SOMETIMES MONEY IS TAKEN AND NO CRIMES CHARGED. HOW THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT CAN DO THE EXACT SAME THING. TAKE YOUR MONEY AND HAVING TO PROVE YOUR MONEY WAS INNOCENT, NOT GOTTEN THROUGH ILL-GOTTEN GAINS. GARY TUCHMAN HAS THE INVESTIGATION. >>Reporter: WHEN BUSINESS WAS HOPPING, THE BUSINESS OF THIS MEXICAN RESTAURANT WAS RATHER LONG, PEOPLE CLAMMING TO GET IN AND CARROLL IN HER ELEMENT. WHY DO YOU LOVE THIS RESTAURANT SO MUCH?>>BECAUSE IT WAS MINE AND I GOT TO MAKE THE DECISIONS, CHOOSE THE FOOD, MAKE THE FOOD. IT’S WHAT I WANTED TO DO.>>Reporter: MRS. LADY’S DID NOT TAKE LOCAL — JUST LOCAL CHECKS AND CASH, BUT IN SPRING OF 2013, TWO IRS AGENTS SHOWED UP AT HER FRONT DOOR. >>I LOOKED AT THEIR BADGES. THEY CAME IN AND PROCEEDED TO TELL ME THAT THEY WERE HERE TO LET ME KNOW THEY HAD CONFISCATED ALL MY MONEY FOR MY BUSINESS BANK ACCOUNT AND CLOSED IT. >>Reporter: HOW MUCH MONEY?>>APPROXIMATELY $33,000.>>Reporter: THAT’S RIGHT. THE IRS TOOK ALL OF HER MONEY. EVERY DIME. BUT DIDN’T CHARGE HER WITH A CRIME. THE GOVERNMENT CLAIMED BECAUSE CAROL ROUTINELY DEPOSITED UNDER $10,000, IT WAS SUSPICIOUS. CLAIMED TO STRUCTURE HER DEPOSITS, TO AVOID THE REQUIREMENT THAT DEPOSITS OVER $10,000 WOULD TRIGGER. THERE’S A FANCY TERM. CIVIL ASSET FORFEITURE. IN THE WORLD OF CIVIL FORFEITURE. THE GOVERNMENT DOES NOT NEED YOU TO BE CONVICTED OF A CRIME BEFORE SEIZING YOUR MONEY. YOU DON’T EVEN NEED TO BE CHARGED WITH A CRIME. YOU’RE NOT INNOCENT UNTIL PROVEN GUILTY, YOU’RE GUILTY UNTIL PROVEN INNOCENT. AND TO THIS DAY, CAROL HINDERS HAS BEEN CHARGED WITH NOTHING. IDEA BEHIND CIVIL ASSET FORFEITURE BEGAN IN THE DRUG WARS OF EARLY ’80s. SEIZE THE CASH AND PROPERTY BY BAD GUYS AND THE CRIMINAL NETWORKS WOULD SUFFER GREATLY. FEDERAL AND STATE AUTHORITIES ARE ALLOWED TO USE SEIZED CASH FOR THEMSELVES TO MAKE LEGITIMATE PURCHASES AND EXPENDITURES FOR THEIR OFFICES. >>IT VIOLATES THE DUE PROCESS RIGHTS FOR AMERICANS. IT’S JUST WRONG. THERE’S A SIMPLE PREMISE THE GOVERNMENT SHOULD NOT BE TAKING MONEY WHO HAVE NOT BEEN CHARGED, LET ALONE CONVICTED OF ANY CRIME. >>Reporter: LARRY SALZMAN WORKS AND REPRESENTING CAROL HINDERS FREE OF CHARGE. WHY ARE THEY PICKING ON CAROL IN.>>┃ SHE’S EASY. MOST PEOPLE LIKE CAROL CAN’T DEFEND THEMSELVES. THE GOVERNMENT TAKES $33,000 FROM YOU, IT WILL COST MOST PEOPLE MORE MONEY TO GET THAT BACK THAN WHAT THEY’VE TAKEN, SO PEOPLE JUST GIVE UP.>>Reporter: THE IRS WOULDN’T TALK ON CAMERA TO CNN, BUT DID ISSUE A STATEMENT TO US. SEEMING TO INDICATE IT WAS BACKING OFF ON AT LEAST SOME CASES LIKE CAROL HINDERS. WE RECOGNIZE OFTEN MAKE DEPOSITS UNDER $10,000 WITHOUT ANY INTENT TO AVOID THE REPORTING REQUIREMENTS THE STATEMENT SAID. AND IT ADDED, AFTER CONDUCTING A REVIEW OF THE STRUCTURING CASES, THE IRS WILL FOCUS LIMITED RESOURCES ON CASES WHERE EVIDENCE INDICATE STRUCTURED FUNDS FROM DERIVED FROM ILLEGAL SOURCES. THE DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE IS OVERALL CHARGE OF THE PROGRAM AND OFFICIALS WOULDN’T TALK ON CAMERA THERE EITHER BUT SAID THE PROGRAM WAS VITAL AND FULL OF SAFEGUARDS TO PROTECT THOSE ACCUSED SO WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? ONLY HOURS AFTER WE FINISHED OUR INTERVIEW WITH CAROL HINDERS, THE GOVERNMENT WITHDREW ITS COMPLAINT BUT RESERVED THE RIGHT TO FILE IT AGAIN DOWN THE ROAD, AND LOOKED LIKE AT LEAST PARTLY, THE AUTHORITIES TRYING TO SAVE FACE. >>I DON’T FEEL IT’S A FAVOR BUT IT’S A VICTIM RVICTORY. I THINK WE GO ON THE CIVIL FORITURE THING AND DON’T LET IT DROP. >>Reporter: IT’S SOLD TO A NEW OWNER. HER AMERICANS FOND AT LEAST UNTIL THE LAST MONTHS IT WAS OPEN WHEN SHE WAS TORMENTED BY AN AGENCY THAT NEVER CHARGED HER WITH A CRIME.>>GARY TUCHMAN JOINS US NOW. DID ANYONE APOLOGIZE TO HER? WHY IS THIS ALLOWED IN THE FIRST PLACE?>>NO ONE APOLOGIZED TO HER. HERE’S HOW AUTHORITIES GET AROUND, INNOCENT UNTIL PROVEN GUILTY. IF YOUR MONEY GETS TAKEN AWAY VIA FORFEITURE, YOU’RE NOT THE ONE THAT GETS SUED. IT’S THE MONEY THAT GETS SUED AND YOUR MONEY DOES NOT HAVE PRESUMPTION OF INNOCENCE. THIS IS NOT THE UNITED STATES VERSUS CAROL HINDERS, IT’S THE UNITED STATES VERSUS
Barnaby Joyce thanks for your time Good to see you Bryan An inconclusive election. What are the lessons
that come out of this do you think? I think it’s obvious we need to listen a
great deal more Who do you need to listen to I beg your pardon? Are you negotiating with the independents? We are yes. We do little else How’s that going? Well it’s…… No. It’s going quite well.
No. It’s hope…. You have good days and bad days Good way to think of it. There will be good
days, of course there will. Bound to be. What went wrong, do you think? A lot of people are just grumpy. If the gate’s
open and the weather’s no good, blame the government’s fault. Th internet doesn’t
work properly, blame the government Whose fault is it of the internet doesn’t
work properly? Bad example. If the budget’s a shocker,
your kids can’t afford houses, there’s no
hospital or education funding, blame the government And whose fault is it really? You’re missing the point a wee bit here
Bryan. I think a lot of people don’t understand what you can do in government and what you
can’t do Yes, I suppose your difficulty here is that
you’re leading the junior party in a coalition government Tell me about it. I’ve just spend a fortnight
dodging fruit Tell me, how does the coalition work? This is what I have to keep explaining to
people. The coalition is a natural alliance of
two political groups who have a great deal in common So what aren’t they one political group? They are So why are they two groups? There aren’t. It’s just that there are
two parties in the one group But how does it work in practice. Let’s
say you’re the Deputy Prime Minister. You’re the leader of the National Party. Let’s
say you want to increase the diesel rebate Yes. Good example. IN that case I’d go and
say ‘Malcolm, We want to increase the diesel rebate’ And then what happens? Then I explain to Malcolm what diesel is And what does he say? He says ‘How nice to see you Barnaby. We
must do this more often. Thanks for that. We’ll have a look at it’ And then what happens Then he goes and talks to all these other
plonkers from Woollahra and Scott Harrison and so on Scott Morrison I think Yes. Him. And they have a think about it And then what Good question. We’ve never got up to that
next bit yet. THat’s as far as we’ve ever got Yes. That puts you in a difficult position
I suppose It does How do you get on with Bob Katter? Very well. Bob’s a good bloke. (ring ring)
This’ll be him now Bob. How are they hanging? What are you doing Saturday? Want to run a
country? I’ll talk to him, don’t worry about it. I’ll tell him what diesel is.
Leave him to me.
ARTHEL: KEVIN CORKE, THANK YOU VERY MUCH. ERIC. ERIC: FOX NEWS IS GETTING REACTION FROM THE IRANIAN OPPOSITION TO ALL OF THIS. PRINCE REZA, SON OF THE SHAH TELLING FOX NEWS, QUOTE, THIS IS NOT HUMAN ERROR, THIS IS A CRIME AGAINST HUMANITY. HE IRRESPONSIBLY EMPOWERED HIS THUG TO FIRE AT WILL AGAINST INNOCENTS. BEARS FULL RESPONSIBILITY. ENOUGH IS ENOUGH. KHAMENEI AND HIS REGIME MUST GO. THE NATIONAL UNITY FOR DEMOCRACY IN IRAN, THEY WANT FREEDOM AND DEMOCRACY FOR FRIENDLINESS WITH THE UNITED STATES AND THE WORLD. THEY DESERVE THE SPORT FROM THE UNITED STATES AND ITS GOVERNMENT IN SENATOR FOR NATIONAL LIBERTY. THE LEADER OF THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF RESISTANCE OF IRAN, ALL IRANIANS, ESPECIALLY THE YOUTH EXPRESS SUPPORT AND SOLIDARITY WITH THE FAMILIES OF VICTIMS OF THIS HORRIFIC CRIME BY THE MULLAHS. PROSECUTE, PUNISH THOSE RESPONSIBLE. ALI KHAMENEI AS COMMANDER IN THE CHIEF OF ARMED FORCES AND HUE SAWN ROUHANI AND IRG COMMANDERS.>>THEY HAVE SEEN MANY SAID DAYS SINCE 2011, BUT THIS DAY IT IS POTENTIALLY ONE OF THE SADDEST BECAUSE IT IS FIRST TIME THAT A SECURITY COUNCILMEMBER HAS CHOSEN TO PLAY POLITICS WITH HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE. ERIC: BRITISH AMBASSADOR TO THE UNITED NATIONS CARE REASON PEERS DRESSING DOWN THE RUSSIANS ON SYRIA, HUMANITARIAN CATASTROPHE THAT SO SADLY CONTINUES AT HANDS OF PUTIN, ASSAD, THE IRANIANS AND GENERAL QASSEM SOLEIMANI. THIS AS THE IRANIAN PEOPLE CONTINUE TO TAKE TO THE STREETS IN ANGRY DEFIANCE OF THEIR GOVERNMENT, CALLING FOR THE REGIME TO GO. WHAT COULD HAPPEN? AMBASSADOR PIERCE JOINS US HERE IN THE STUDIO. GOOD TO SEE YOU.>>THANK YOU, ERIC. ERIC: PRETTY SHOCKING TO SEE THE PROTESTS GROWING. WE’RE TOLD THEY ARE CHANTING DEATH TO THE DICTATORS, TEARING DOWN BANNERS OF SOLEIMANI AND OTHERS. WHAT IS YOUR REACTION, YOUR GOVERNMENT’S REACTION TO WHAT SOME OF THE PEOPLE IN IRAN ARE DOING?>>THESE ARE POTENTIALLY INTERESTING DEVELOPMENTS. AS YOU SAY, IRANIAN PROTESTERS TAKING TO THE STREET AFTER THE DOWNING OF THE AIRLINER. I THINK IT IS TOO EARLY TO SAY WHAT IT MEANS BUT I THINK EVERYONE IS WATCHING IRAN VERY CLOSELY A THE MOMENT. I HOPE IT WILL BE ANOTHER SPUR TO THE IRANIAN GOVERNMENT TO DE-ESCALATE TENSIONS, TO STOP PURSUING NUCLEAR WEAPONS AND, AS IT WERE TO COME IN FROM THE COLD. OUR FOREIGN SECRETARY, DOMINIC RAAB MADE THIS CALL TO THEM. THERE IS A WINDOW FOR DIPLOMACY NOW. WHICH HOPE IRAN WILL TAKE IT BUT ONLY IRAN CAN TAKE THAT DECISION. WE CAN’T TAKE IT FOR HER. ERIC: WHAT DO YOU LEADERS DO? DO YOU CALL FOR MEETINGS, CALL FOR DISCUSSIONS ABOUT THIS SPECIFICALLY, WHAT DOES YOUR GOVERNMENT WANT?>>THERE ARE MANY WAYS TOTIC SAL ONE IS READY FOR TALKS. PRESIDENT TRUMP, MR. POMPEO, MY OWN GOVERNMENT, BORIS JOHNSON, DOMINIC RAAB AS WELL AS THE FRENCH, WE ALL MADE OVERTURES TO THE IRANIAN GOVERNMENT SUGGESTING THEY TAKE ADVANTAGE OF A DIPLOMATIC WINDOW THAT HAS NOW APPEARED, THAT THEY COME IN FROM THE COLD. I WOULD THINK THAT SORT OF THING IS NORMALLY DONE QUIETLY IN THE FIRST INSTANCE WITH SENIOR OFFICIALS MEETING, PRIVATELY, PERHAPS TO PREPARE A WAY FORWARD SO THAT LEADERS CAN MEET. THERE ARE MANY WAYS OF DOING IT. I THINK THE IMPORTANT THING IS THAT THE IRANIAN GOVERNMENT TAKES A STEP.>>WHAT IS THE IRANIAN GOVERNMENT DOING? ARE THOSE OVERTURES RECIPROCATED?>>THEY HAVE SENT A VARIETY OF MESSAGES BUT THE MESSAGES TEND TO BE VERY IN THE MOMENT, VERY TRANSACTIONAL. THEY HAVE NOT AS FAR AS I KNOW ACCEPTED U.S., FRENCH, OR BRITISH OFFERS. WE REALLY WOULD URGE THEM TO DO SO. WE THINK WHAT THEIR OWN PEOPLE THINK OF THE CURRENT SITUATION. NOW IS A VERY GOOD TIME TO DE-ESCALATE TENSIONS. STATEMENT, OF COURSE, WE MUS’NT TAKE OUR EYE OFF THE NUCLEAR WE. WE REALLY DON’T WANT IRAN TO ACQUIRE A NUCLEAR WEAPON. ERIC: OF COURSE THE PAST FEW MONTHS THEY HAD PROTESTS AND THE IRANIAN REGIME KILLED 1500 OF THE PROTESTERS. DIDN’T ALLOW THE FAMILIES TO MOURN THE YOUNG PEOPLE THAT WERE KILLED. THE PRESIDENT TWEETED OUT ASKING IRANIAN GOVERNMENT NOT TO KILL THE PROTESTERS. DOES YOUR GOVERNMENT AGREE?>>WE ABSOLUTELY AGREE WITH THAT. PEOPLE HAVE A FUNDAMENTAL HUMAN RIGHT TO FREEDOM OF ASSEMBLY, FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION. THAT INCLUDES THE RIGHT TO PEACEFUL PROTEST. SOMETIMES THOSE RESULTS HAVE A VARIETY OF MOTIVATIONS BUT I THINK THE IMPORTANT THING IS THAT THE IRANIAN GOVERNMENT NEEDS TO LISTEN TO ITS PEOPLE. IT NEEDS TO DE-ESCALATE THE CURRENT SITUATION. THAT IS IN THEIR HANDS. WE MADE OUR OFFER. ERIC: ONE OF YOUR COLLEAGUES, THE BRITISH AMBASSADOR TO IRAN, ROBERT KERRY, HE GOES TO THE VIGIL, GOES TO THE VIGIL FOR 15 MINUTES, HE LEAVES AND THEY ARREST HIM.>>AS WE SAID, AS DOMINIC RAAB SAID THAT IS A FLAGRANT VIOLATION OF INTERNATIONAL LAW. THERE IS THE A CONVENTION, VIENNA CONVENTION ON DIPLOMATIC RELATIONS. IT GOVERNS WHAT HAPPENS TO DIPLOMATS ABROAD IN COUNTRIES SO THEY CAN GO ABOUT THEIR DUTIES IN SAFETY AND SECURITY. REPRESENTING THEIR GOVERNMENT. THAT IS WHAT AMBASSADOR McNAIR WAS DOING. HE WENT TO PAY HIS RESPECTS AT THE VIGIL. IT WAS IN HONOR OF THE IRANIAN STUDENTS WHO LOST THEIR LIVES ON THE AIRLINER. QUITE NATURAL HE SHOULD GO ESPECIALLY SINCE BRITISH PEOPLE WERE KILLED AS WELL. HE THEN LEFT THAT GATHERING, WHEN IT STARTED TO TURN INTO MORE OF A PROTEST. HE WENT INNOCENTLY OFF TO HAVE HIS HER CUT. THEN THE IRANIANS ARRESTED HIM, BUT HE IS OKAY.>>HE IS NOW OKAY, EVENTUALLY AND RELEASED AND WE TALKED TO THE IRANIANS ABOUT THIS BREACH OF INTERNATIONAL LAW. ERIC: QASSEM SOLEIMANI WAS SO-CALLED TERRORIST MASTERMIND OF THE HORRENDOUS CATASTROPHE THAT IS THERE. YOU DEALT WITH IT IN THE SECURITY COUNCIL AND IT STILL HASN’T ENDED RUSSIANS BLOCKED HUMANITARIAN AID.>>WHAT HAPPENED ON FRIDAY THE RUSSIANS HELD SECURITY COUNCIL TO RANSOM AND PEOPLE OF NORTHEAST SYRIA TO RAN SOME THEY REFUSED TO ALLOW U.N. TO SEND AID THROUGH WHAT ARE CALLED CROSS-BORDER CROSSINGS, GO INTO SYRIA FROM TURKEY, SYRIA, AND OTHER COUNTRIES WITHOUT THE SYRIAN GOVERNMENT PERMISSION AND THE REASON THAT IS NEEDED BECAUSE THE SYRIAN GOVERNMENT WILL NOT ALLOW ASSISTANCE TO REACH ALL THE COMMUNITIES MOST IN NEED. IT WASN’T JUST GENERAL SOLEIMANI WHO WAS INSTRUMENTAL IN SYRIA. I DO WANT AGAIN TO CALL OUT THE RUSSIANS BUT ALSO THE SYRIAN GOVERNMENT THEMSELVES. GOVERNMENTS ARE SUPPOSED TO LOOK AFTER THEIR PEOPLE AND YET THE SYRIAN GOVERNMENT WON’T ISSUE PERMITS FOR AID. THEY WON’T HELP GET THE AID TO PEOPLE MOST IN NEED. ERIC: FINALLY DO YOU FEEL WITH THE DYNAMICS PERHAPS CHANGING THAT THE SYRIA ISSUE AND THE TURMOIL WILL BE REDUCED?>>OH, THAT IS, THAT IS AN INTERESTING QUESTION. I MEAN, WE HAD SOME FOOTAGE EARLIER OF THE SAD DEATH OF SULTAN KABUTZ. HE HAD BEEN A STRONG MODERATING FORCE IN THE GULF. HE HAS WIDE ADVICE FOR LEADERS. HE TRIED TO KEEP A PRODUCTIVE WORKING RELATIONSHIP WITH ALL SIDES. I THINK IT IS GOOD NEWS HIS SUCCESS ARE SORE PLEDGED TO CONTINUE HIS FOREIGN POLICY WE IN BRITAIN HAD A RELATIONSHIP WITH THE OMAN FOR 200 YEARS. WE’LL BE IN CLOSE TOUCH WITH THEM, HELPING THEM KEEP REGIONAL STABILITY GOING. ERIC: I KNOW BOTH SIDES, BOTH GOVERNMENTS WILL LOOK AND WATCHING OUT, TO MAKE SURE PROTESTS ARE PROTECTED.>>ABSOLUTELY. ERIC: AND THE REGIME DOES NOT RESORT WHAT THEY HAVE DONE IN
I’m going to botch how it’s pronounced:
antifa? Antfee? Antifa? Antifa? Yeah, antifa. Antifa, short for anti-fascist. It’s an umbrella term for a group that shows
up at protests to confront neo-Nazis and white supremacists. They dress in all black, they wear masks,
and they occasionally engage in violence. Once again, antifa members attack peaceful
demonstrators. The group’s tactics and appearance have
garnered them a lot of media attention over the past few months. America is waking up to the menace of antifa. They’re known as antifa, and they’re also
known for being violent. But for a group that’s getting so much airtime
for being violent and dangerous, they’re not causing that much havoc. In Berkeley, where about 4,000 people showed
up to protest a white supremacist rally, there were 100 antifa, nine injuries, and a total
of 13 arrests. In Boston, where 40,000 protesters showed
up, no major injuries, 33 arrests. In Portland, thousands of protesters at opposing
rallies, no major injuries, 14 arrests. That might sound like a lot, but it’s about
the number of arrests you’d expect at a rowdy NFL game. Antifa look scary, but they make up a tiny
part of the protests they show up at. So why have they become such a powerful boogeyman
in protest coverage? What is antifa? What is antifa? What is antifa? To understand why the media focuses on outliers
like antifa, I talked to Doug McLeod. He’s been studying the way the media covers
protest movements for… Basically 30 years. Anti-war movements, anti-pornography movements,
various civil rights movements, anarchist protests, abortion protests. Okay, don’t brag. You’re already in the video The specific panic about antifa might seem
new, but McLeod says it’s part of a much older media problem. You can see the media’s fixation on radical
protesters in coverage of a lot of big protests. During the 1999 WTO protests in Seattle, cameras
focused on anarchists destroying property. A group we now know as anarchists called the
black bloc began terrorizing the city. With Black Lives Matter in Baltimore, peaceful
protests against police brutality were overshadowed by images of violence and property damage. Rioting has broken out in the street. During Occupy Wall Street, reporters focused
on protesters who looked weird or destroyed property. Anarchists sprang out of the crowd and launched
this full-on assault. You cannot cede public space to thugs and
lawbreakers. Lawlessness, violence, filth. Now, it’s antifa. The peaceful counterprotest against racism
turned violent. The result is a type of outlier bias, where
a small group of violent protesters ends up dominating news coverage. You saw it in Berkeley. By any measurement, nine injuries in a protest
of 4,000 people is an outlier. But headlines fixated on antifa violence instead
of the vast majority of protesters. Berkeley’s mayor says it is time to confront
the violent extremism on the left. In other cities, images of clergy and peaceful
protesters are overshadowed by images of isolated violence played on a loop. I would compel you to air the three hours
of footage where we marched through the streets with literally no violence. A lot of this is about ratings. Images of violence and property damage create
a spectacle, which makes them really hard to look away from. What’s more interesting to watch: a bunch
of smiling protesters banging on drums, or antifa fighting Nazis? Yeah, agreed. But for a lot of reporters, it’s also about
convenience. Protests are kind of a nightmare to cover. They’re leaderless, disorganized, and often
focus on big issues that are hard to reduce to quick soundbites. A lot of journalists are really trying to
get a story straight and they’re trying to get it out there. But they’re operating under a lot of constraints. You’ve gotta find something, you’ve gotta
get back, and you’ve gotta tell it quickly. Those time constraints mean a lot of journalists
rely on official sources for quick summaries of what happened. Gotta get a quote from the police chief. Which means that a lot of protest coverage
gets told from the perspective of law enforcement. Who broke the law, who was arrested, who are
police worried about? The police chief is concerned about today’s
influx of anarchist protesters. That outlier bias has a big effect on how
viewers at home think of protesters. As audience members, we make inferences based
on that small appropriate sample. And it really creates this sort of false sample
of who those protesters really are. That false sample creates an unwinnable situation
for protest movements. In the age of Fox News, images of violence
and property damage get played on a loop to demonize protesters as dangerous and illegitimate. Left-wing thugs have been smashing windows,
burning buildings, beating people up who disagree with them. It’s the normalization really by the left
of police hatred, and there is a war on cops. But this happens even without Fox News’s
help. Media fixation on the most extreme members
of a protest can make the public turn on protesters as a whole. This is not populism, this is maybe anarchism. So that can turn off viewers where people
become angry and hostile and kind of averse to protest. That kind of coverage can also build public
support for aggressive police crackdowns, like the ones we saw in Ferguson and Baltimore. What is stopping Michael Bloomberg from enforcing
the law and cleaning up this health hazard called Occupy Wall Street. If they’re going to assault cops and try
to kill them, the cops will use deadly physical force and do what they have to do to bring
peace back to that community. We have police who are not doing their job. They’re allowing antifa to enter this park. Oppositions will start calling for the police
to take some action. “It’s time to start restoring order to
our communities and stop this lawlessness.” That can kind of embolden the police who were
initially passive into being more active combatants in the conflict. But the most frustrating thing about this
kind of coverage is that it shifts focus away from what protesters are actually organizing
about. It forces us into an endless debate about
tactics over substance. What does that get you? Smashing the windows of a Starbucks, of a
Nike store. What’s the point? Aren’t you becoming a public nuisance? There’s no excuse for that kind of violence,
right? Are you at all concerned, though, about the
rise in violence? That violence begets violence begets violence? And it tends to shut us down to ideas. So instead of confronting big issues like
globalization or police brutality or white supremacy. We get think piece after think piece about
whether protesters are going too far. When you think you’re punching Nazis, you
don’t realize that you’re also punching your cause. Groundbreaking. This isn’t to say you shouldn’t care about
violence or property damage. But you should be wary of how you’re reacting
to a biased sample. News cameras are always looking for the worst,
most radical people who decide to show up to a protest. But those outliers don’t offer you meaningful
information about who most protesters are, what they’re protesting about, or whether
they’re right. Those are the questions that actually matter. And they’re the ones that get lost in endless
debates about fringe groups like antifa.
“Hey there. I’m Joe Berlinger
and I’m the director of “Extremely Wicked,
Shockingly Evil and Vile.” In this scene, Zac Efron
is playing Ted Bundy. Lily Collins plays his
longtime girlfriend who thought he was innocent,
Elizabeth Kloepfer. And they are about
to adopt a dog.” “Hi, hello.” “They accidentally bump into
Carole Anne Boone, somebody who Bundy had interacted with
at a job a few years back, played brilliantly
by Kaya Scodelario.” “Hi. I’m Liz.” “Yes, this is my girlfriend. We just got engaged, so — “ “This movie is a portrait
of betrayal and deception. And I think there’s a lot
of narrative work going on in a very short scene. Each person in this scene
has their own agenda and perceives Bundy
in a different way.” “Whoever this woman
is who’s accusing you, I’m sure she’s just
gotten you mixed up with another
handsome stranger.” “Right.” “And so we use a
hallway that has two intersecting corridors
to make the characters feel a little tense
with each other. And as Liz pulls
Ted away, we see in the deep background
Carole Ann turn and look and just stare as Ted
and Liz continue to walk towards the dog pound.” “Aww. Check this guy out. He looks like he’d
be a good roommate.” “Ann Rule, who wrote “The
Stranger Beside Me,” another well-known book
about the Bundy saga, had a dog who loved everybody,
but reacted quite negatively to Ted. And that’s a detail that
I remembered and wanted to inject into this film. The fact that dogs, who are
highly emotionally evolved, saw the reality of who Ted
was while, in this scene, we see that each of the
characters in some ways are deceiving one another
about their true intentions.” [dog barking] [dog growling] [music]
This next song is a protest song, ladies and
gentlemen. It’s called fuck the government It’s direct, it’s direct. There’s no nuanced
stuff. It’s direct. And it requires your participation So every time I ask you a question you have
to go, “The Government” So let’s just say practice that I ask you
a question and you go “the government” Absolutely right. Now I should stress this
is a libertarian protest song, so your participation is completely voluntary Who made the laws on drugs?
The Government Who ignored child rape gangs?
The Government Who put kids into debt?
The Government Yet we expect the government to sort things out.
No. Duh Fuck the government!
Fuck the government! Fuck the government! Sit on my finger and swivel on my face! Sorry. That gets a bit Tarantino that bit. Sorry about that. Who went to war in Iraq?
The Government Who bailed out the banks?
The Government Who sent house prices so high?
The Government Yet we expect the government to sort things out. No, no, no, no. Fuck the government! Your laws are too aggressive Fuck the government! Your taxes are aggressive Fuck the government! You welfare is oppressive I wouldn’t even deign to shit on your face! Sorry. That’s the Tarantino bit again. It wasn’t free speech caused wars. you
see. It wasn’t free trade caused poverty.
Free movement didn’t cause inequality. It was your interventionist policies Fuck the government! The people are oppressed. Fuck the government! Taxation is theft. Fuck the government! Anarchy is best. I’d like to take this ukulele and shove it up you arse.
WE HAVE BREAKING NEWS REGARDING THE CORONA VIRUS UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT IS TAKING HISTORIC STEPS TO CONTAIN IT. FOR THE FIRST TIME IN DECADES U.S. SIT ACCEPTS RETURNING FROM THE WUHAN PROVE MINUTES CHINA WILL BE HELD UNDER QUARANTINE. U.S. SECRETARIAL EX-AZAR ANNOUNCED THESE QUARANTINES A SHORT TIME AGO. HEALTH REPORTER STEPHANIE STAHL JOINS US TO EXPLAIN. REPORTER: WITHIN THE HOUR THIS ANNOUNCEMENT COMES, THESE MANDATORY QUARANTINES ARE SAID TO BE TEMPORARY, THE PEOPLE TRAVELING FROM THE CORONA VIRUS EPICENTER WILL BE HELD IN QUARANTINE FOR 14 DAYS WHETHER THEY FEEL SICK OR NOT. THE FIRST GROUP OF THE NEARLY 200 PEOPLE IS ALREADY UNDERMANNED TRY ORDERS, LIKE THESE. PRESIDENT TRUMP TOOK DECISIVE ACTION TO MINIMIZE RISK OF THE SPREAD OF THE NOVEL CORONA VIRUS IN THE UNITED STATES. SINCE TAKING OFFICE PRESIDENT TRUMP HAS BEEN CLEAR, HIS TOP PRIORITY IS SAFETY OF THE AMERICAN PEOPLE. REPORTER: U.S. HEALTH OFFICIALS WANT ALL 195 PEOPLE PHONE OUT OF THE EPICENTER TO BE QUARANTINED FOR TWO WEEKS AT MARCH AIR RESERVE BASE IN CALIFORNIA. THEY WERE GOING TO BE RELEASED AFTER THREE DAYS IN ISOLATION, BUT THAT CHANGED, SINCE OFFICIALS NOW BELIEVE THAT IT CAN TAKE UP TO 14 DAYS TO DEVELOP SYMPTOMS. IN ONE HAS SHOWN ANY SIGNS OF ANY ILLNESS. GIRARD EVANS IS ONE OF THOSE EVACUEES WHO SHOT VIDEO OF THE WHERE THE GROUP IS STAYING. WE ARE ALL WEARING MASKS WHEN WE ARE OUTSIDE IN THIS GROUP. I’M WEARING GLOVES. REPORTER: IN CHINA WHERE VIRUS IS SPREADING QUICKLY THERE ARE NOW 9,658 CONFIRMED CASES. ALL OF THE PEOPLE FROM THE WORLD CAN HELP. REPORTER: THIS FAMILY IS HEAD TO GO SHANGHAI ON WHAT WILL BE DELTA’S FINAL FLIGHTS, BEFORE TEMPORARILY, HALTING SERVICES TO AND FROM CHINA. AMERICAN AIRLINES ALSO ANNOUNCED IT WILL TEMPORARILY SUSPEND ALL FLIGHTS TO AND FROM CHINA IMMEDIATELY. A CHICAGO COUPLE REMAINS HOSPITALIZED IN STABLE CONDITION, BOTH WITH KARINA ROANE A VIRUS. SHE, TRAVELED TO CHINA HER HUSBAND BECAME FIRST CASE OF THE HUMAN TO HUMAN TRANSMISSION IN THE UNITED STATES. WE KNOW THAT THIS NEW PATIENT HAD CLOSE CONTACT WITH HIS WIFE AFTER SHE BEGAN TO DEVELOP SYMPTOMS. SO IT IS NOT TOTALLY UNEXPECTED THAT HE ACQUIRED THE VIRUS. REPORTER: NOW ALONG WITH NEW MANDATORY QUARANTINE U.S. CITIZENS RETURNING FROM OTHER PARTS OF THE CHINA ARE BEING ASKED TO SELF QUARANTINE FOR 14 DAYS. OFFICIALS ALSO ANNOUNCED THAT FOREIGNERS WHO POSE ANY RISK OF SPREADING THE VIRUS MAY ALSO BE DENIED ANY PRESIDENTRY IN THE UNITED STATES. ALL OF THESE NEW RESTRICTIONS TAKE EFFECT SUNDAY AT 5:00. ALSO TODAY WE HAD A SEVENTH CONFIRMED CASE, IN THE UNITED STATES, ONE MORE, SO STILL JUST SEVEN IN THE UNITED STATES.