Governance in Costa Rica – Full Session – WGS 2019



[Applause] I'm going to begin my presentation by speaking about this vision that we have for Costa Rica in 2030 and beyond allow me to start by saying but even though our nation is is a very small nation it's only about 50 1,100 kilometers 20 we have 26 of our area of the territory that is protected even though this is very small we also have account for 5% of the biodiversity of the world we have this very strategic location and our population is now which is 5 million already people and we have a demographic bonus at this moment because we have our population between 15 and 30 years which is the most of us accounts for at least over 35% over over population we have been ever since the 1940s we had this vision on how we wanted our nation to be and so from that moment we have this ever since the origins of our second republic we have this this idea about sustainable development we spoke about growth within the distribution of wealth news but at the same time with very a lot of balance when it comes to protecting resources this is why we also had this vision on how important it was to have a sound governance to have strong institutions and at the same time how important it was to invest their money not in an army and in but actually to abolish the army and start investing in education and health people at the center people the most important asset we have and the most important investment we actually do and so right now we have one of the highest indexes of literacy around 90 97 % we also have our multilingual country are in our goal is to become bilingual we're teaching in their national development plan we're certifying ourselves in five different languages and our investment when it comes to education because of the last fiscal reform we had raises up to ten thousand present of our GDP it used to be eight and now we're making the transition towards eleven percent or more one of the things that were most proud of is that we are we live in a democracy and we have a long-standing tradition of democratic rights of of human rights of respect and astera the rule of the state of rule and this is why in the next couple of years until in 2021 we're going to be 200 years old the independent republic our Bicentennial and as we think our Bicentennial we also think about renewing our vows towards sustainable development and towards how we want the economy to be but before allow me to say that not only we have good institutions but we actually have good public services as well our commitment because of our is it is an idna sustainable development it was only natural that we could actually invest ourselves and be really committed without gender 2030 this is why we only we were the first country in the world to sign a pact on sustainable development which brought together different branches of the state it brought together also the private sector it brought together civil society local governments because we were very we understand that we need this to be about about the different multi sectors and about different sectors coming together to build upon sustainable development and so we believe in multi-dimensional multi sector multi-level governance and we're working towards it it starts with the president with this absolute passion and commitment with sustainable development and it continues with the technical secretary which makes all the decisions the high-level decisions happen and it is brought together along working groups which bring together the civil society the secretary politics sector the private sector all together to make the magic happen and we have three main aims which was to fight poverty and to fight inequality at the same time we had another one which was about sustainable patterns of consumption and sustainable patterns of production and lead our way towards a climate change also sustainable as it is and resilient infrastructure and these are main three entry points towards than 2030 it was only natural that with this vision coming from the president and being communicated in all the public sector and as disease is one of the things that are there also one of the most important our commitment towards this and that we have a new national development plan a national investment plan and it is our strategy that guides us all and that is about establishing our strategy and what we want to accomplish for the next four years as a milestone towards the longer process which is the decarbonisation plan and at the same time the national achieving agenda 2030 so we thought about it and then we said we had to go being one of the happiest countries in the world being one of the countries that has the highest indexes of human development we need to preserve this and the way to do it was to think outside the box and start establishing a different governance and in that process of establishing a different governance we thought about having different conversations so we could actually have this seven new areas of of governance and these are our priorities now which goes from innovation and being competitive to be in having the best infrastructure given in the end excellent public services and public goods to the people and having the people come at the center also also our international goals you can actually see what the vision behind this development of our country so we're aiming to be a prosperous society to continue growing in 3.8 approximately of the GDP every year we're growing right now the steady pace around 3.3 but we aim to grow more and also we aim to distribute that that grows that wealth between society so we can actually close the gap of inequality and also poverty and we're also planning to do this with the best social policy that one can possibly think about which is a good job so this is that creation of an economy that is dynamic that it generates jobs and at the same time not any kind of job but I drove that is closing gaps of inequality and also that allows to bring the translation of our of our economy towards another matrix our economic matrix towards a more sustainable decarbonized innovative and digitalized economy so this is why it is the first time that we have actually a goal on this accelerating one of the co2 emissions towards the Cavanaugh's in our economy and we think about public investment has been one of the key issues in this promoting and being the engine of this sustainable development not just any kind of invest of public investment not just any kind of private investment but one that is respectful and one that it complies with the National Development Goals that you have just seen so really prosperous decarbonized innovative and at the same time that it closes gaps in terms of inequality and poverty we also have a very high commitment towards open States so we're very committed with transparency and showing people and being a bringing back people together also so we could actually have a governance that brings brings all all sorts of civil society and having different conversations between civil society and government towards a more co-creation scheme so this is part of what we're actually doing and also working a lot on on PPP's because we believe that the private sector has this huge potential of generating wealth along with the state and we can actually maximize the benefits as well we have had a very good examples of openness of this model in progress like in Lehman which is one of the areas that we have we need to to start closing gaps at the same time we're thinking about rethinking our institutions even though we're very proud of and they're part of of of the wealth of a nation as strong institutions that actually deliver public goods and public services in the best quality that generate value and this is one of the key enablers sound governance for a tender 2030 and for our decarbonisation strategy we also believe that we need to start rethinking and and looking at our policy differently because institutions are dynamic and they chains and civil societies actually asking every time for more and so we need to deliver more and an an answer to complexity from from another perspective this is why we are also looking in detail towards our processes our institutional design and our public management in order to make it more responsive towards the needs of society and just for you to really as a final message for you to know that every effort that we're doing we have come in we have come a long way democratic institutions invest in highly on education abolished in the army invest in highly on health because this is at the center of our welfare regime this is what makes us one of the happiest nations in the world but at the same time that's not enough so we need to rethink the way we're working the way our institutions are working the way we're management managing our institutions and the way we connect with people we're connecting with the private sector in order to become one very powerful nation our nation is very small but it is very big in terms of ambition and ambition to become a decarbonized economy an innovative economy an economy based on knowledge and added value and at the same time that is responsive towards the needs of people and we're women particularly have this very strong energy to become and to lead all the transformations in a state so this is what we wanted to say and I we wanted to say also there were very honored to be in this for a monitoring with you a little bit about our country so shukran [Applause]

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