How does a Bill become a Law?

>>Narrator: Don’t steal,
pay your taxes, go to school.
We’re all expected to obey the laws of the land but where do law’s come
from? before a law becomes law it is known as a Bill and on its
way to becoming a law a Bill must pass through both
Houses of Parliament. Most Bills are based on ideas suggested
by the Government although any MP or Lord can propose a Bill
it will get checked by both along the way. All Bills get the same treatment,
first every Bill gets introduced so everyone knows it’s begin its
journey to become a law usually a Government Minister who
supports the Bill will defend and explain the reasons why they think it’s a good
idea. Other MPs and Lords will ask lots of questions and either support or challenge
the ministers ideas and views. MP’s and Lord’s will also
take a closer look at the detail of a Bill, Bills have to be
examined line by line to ensure tiny details aren’t overlooked.
A committee of MPs and Lords with a special interest in on knowledge of
a Bill subject will usually carry out this task. MP’s and Lords also have a chance to
make changes to a Bill after holding debate they might want to take parts out or add
new bits these changes are called amendments MPs and Lords vote on each bill a number of
times every time a Bill is debated or changes are proposed it continues its journey to becoming
a law but if most MP’s and Lords vote against
the bill than it’s journey comes to an end. So if the Bill was the government’s idea
for example the Government would have to abandon its
plan or come up with a new idea. Every Bill starts in either the House of
Commons with the House of Lords when a Bill finally gets approved in one house it goes
over to the other house for the same treatment. It gets introduced its discussed
and debated the Bill is looked at in detail changes or amendments
are suggested and everyone votes as the Bill makes it’s
journey. Both houses must agree on the final wording of
a Bill before it can become law if one house changes the Bill it must go back to the other
house for approval. A Bill can go back and forth from
one house to the other until an agreement is reached a bit like
a game of table tennis. If both houses are unable to
agree the House of Commons has the final say that’s because its members are
elected however the two houses almost always reach an
agreement, the final part of the bills journey into law is called Royal Assent.Once both
the House of Commons and the House of Lords agree
that a Bill is fit to become a law it is sent to the monarch, and when the
monarch agrees well then a Bill finishes it’s long
journey becoming a law of the land.

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