OBASANJO BLASTS YOUNG LEADERS



you and by an American Idol we have oppressive now I you take these what you would you see we have each August to your best man as Speaker I'm the sower do expect you say it but laughter he believes you all okay what valid it is not and the words on what a Latino who did what did we do at the federal level the got rid of one we go to the beach so do respect the people in this government and yet we will be defect without that you talk stand it yes the martini went to college because I had no I did not and get to go out on more relaxed I decided look I want somebody who will succeed me happy within the facility type of magnet that's the future I want me to leave India I was living public office in 1979 with all that specially built for Nigeria specially useful material 20 brand new machines 20 some of them were hot delivered unto that speech when I give up 20 years better much much will I have liquidated you listen and most of the magnitude of it listen to the story of one of the ships it was scrapped I'm so happy we have my son's marine School in Rome or on the first two needles a sheet tray done without anything added to that ship that was soon for happy we know the potential to the new the spent a billion and have defeated and where we came that ship was going on it says for each what for – Liam spent when I have to defeat it and it went on his first voyage a very weak at work they ran to me and sent me cheaper than an estate those who are expected want million dollar fine they told a story I said cool examples were thirty I give you today and well I think what tell them not given to them before we did

West Africa economy: Leaders push for single currency ECO



there are topics that can both divide and bring West Africans together football with the Africa Cup of Nations how to properly grill a chicken and money that's because 15 West African countries have agreed to create and share a single currency called echo by next year it's a great idea if we have the same currency we could be one big country like America big and strong and then we will all be treated as equal already eight of the 15 countries used the same currency the African Francoeur CFA a legacy of French colonialism france's central bank acts like a manager holding part of their treasury to guarantee financial stability the seven other nations often deal with inflation and currency volatility with each of them directing their own monetary policy Omar I once see a graduate student in trade says he has watched leaders say a common currency is the solution since 1983 playing defensively others are being too aggressive and not thinking of the collective we need to play as a team for this to work but for everybody to win from it including Senegal while Nigeria is the continents biggest economy Senegal and Ivory Coast are some of the fastest growing in the world and yet the UN says less than 20% of trade here is happening among African countries the challenge is to get the big players in the region like Ivory Coast and Nigeria to stop competing against each other but to work as a team together for the benefit of the people of West Africa we're senegalese chicken stock maker Betty Sun a common currency is good for business allowing easier access to Nigeria's 420 billion dollar economy we need to move beyond the African franc to boost trade Nigeria is the driving force of West Africa's economy a single currency would allow us to overcome all of our challenges today it's a sizzling debate with each its own opinion while there may be uncertainty over the single currency regional leaders believe that in the end Africans will come out as winners Nikolas honk al Jazeera Dakar

Tsipras concedes defeat to New Democracy party in Greece election



the leader of the New Democracy party got what he asked for not just a majority but an outright one that allows the conservatives to rule on their own for the first time in 15 years kiriakos matsutakes says it will allow him to implement an ambitious reform program unhindered by coalition partners this wasn't just an expression of will to close a painful chapter for our country it was much more than that the fate of the people in their strength his desire to take our fate into our own hands he needs to prove that we can do great things in our own country the pressure is now in Matata keys to deliver on his promise to bring growth to the Greek economy and help create 700,000 jobs in his first term he's planning to do it partly through tax cuts but Greece can only afford them if international bailout creditors agree to cut repayments it's a goal that eluded previous governments since the beginning of government austerity measures imposed in 2010 when Greece faced bankruptcy because of its massive debts the victory of Matata G's ends four and a half years of rule by syriza Prime Minister Alexis tsipras raised the coalition of the radical left from obscurity to seize power from the New Democracy party in the last election in 2015 tsipras promised he would be the vanguard of the left-wing revolution across Europe to defeat the austerity policies imposed on Greece that caused recession and unemployment tsipras ultimately capitulated to those policies in order to keep Greece in the eurozone despite cities are raising the minimum wage cutting sales tax and offering more benefits to pensioners this year it seems to have been too little too late the thaw geometer thank you I will receive mr. mr. Tarkus into the palace said to hand over to him the office of Prime Minister as is done in the democratic stage I would like to from the bottom of my heart thank all the members and friends of our party who gave a good fight in unviable conditions in order to double its growth rate or grow much faster Greece will need levels of foreign investment in the coming years and that will be perhaps the biggest challenge on the economic front and that needs a lot of structural reform which sometimes takes time there's more at stake here than the economy for the past decade Greeks have watched their politicians being dictated to by their creditors the International Monetary Fund and the eurozone because those politicians didn't want to assume ownership of unpopular reforms like his predecessors which Ithaca says he wants to restore Greek sovereignty and dignity but unlike them he wants to do it in collaboration with European Union partners john psaropoulos al jazeera athens

Brazil: Media, monopolies and political manipulations – Listening Post



hello I'm Richard gisbert and you're watching a special edition of The Listening Post coming to you from Rio de Janeiro Brazil is more than two years into a series of political crises that have already led to the downfall of one government that a former President Dilma Rousseff and may well topple another led by current president Michel temer we're in Rio rather than the capital Brasilia because as many people here will tell you this is where the real power lies in Brazil because Rio is where you will find the headquarters of hedge a Globo the biggest most powerful media conglomerate in South America a news organization with the kind of influence that media barons like Rupert Murdoch in the US and Great Britain for Silvio Berlusconi in Italy can only dream of in addition to global we're going to look at the core GTV the second-biggest network in the country whose owner also founded a church that claims almost 2 million followers in Brazil and 8 million worldwide we'll examine broadcasting regulations in Brazil which compared to other countries are slack less regulation means fewer rules not an ideal recipe for responsible journalists and ultimately we'll look at the issue of diversity who gets on Brazilian TV not just the news side but also the entertainment sector for a country in which more than half the population can trace its roots to Africa most of the time the broadcast output looks lily-white the media matter and while the ongoing political power struggles racking Brazil began with a case of state corruption the so called carwash scandal Brazilian news outlets starting with global have played a critical role in this story and its political aftermath Carthon citadels format the media has become a political player that is powerful enough to influence public opinion over the last 10 to 15 years the media took a very clear political position against the government's in power and the country became divided into between those who supported previous government and those who did not want it to remain in power and if you don't come over no Kanchana asked for it was Globo that put thousands and thousands of people in the streets to demonstrate against President Dilma don't think be na kabhi a stylish watch on follow there's money fish starts 20 up on testing Philip II's that's politically not journalistic doing it acted like a political party at the summit of the Brazilian media oligarchy stand the Marino's the richest family in the country and the owners of global globo's conglomerate beams out programming nationwide from the Amazon in the north to iguazu falls in the south and its flagship newscast Jornal Nacional is an agenda setting broadcasting institution and Globo is more than at national TV network in addition to its 122 regionally affiliated TV stations it owns radio networks and a 24-hour news channel it distributes other broadcasters channels on its own satellite in addition to owning the newspapers that gave the company its start back in 1925 there's a well-known political maxim here in brazil that sums up just how powerful how influential global has become it goes like this if Globo doesn't show it it didn't happen journalist you know is without any doubt the highest quality news program in the country it is also extremely conservative both politically and socially there are also numerous examples of politicians having timed specific decisions and speeches so that they might appear on journal national on the same day watch Janata bottarga todos of immigrant aspectus Eva en todo de su promotion to due process Michel temer Jornal Nacional remains the significant national media power associated with political power wanna do sophisticated match consider for a moment that only fifty percent of Brazilians have internet access and that the remaining 50 percent of the poorest of the population you can understand why television has become the most important information source global is the most significant economic and political player in the industry not only because it's the most watched in farthest-reaching but also because it's the media group that has been most favored by the Brazilian state throughout history global and the military government that took power in Brazil in a 1964 cool had a symbiotic relationship global backed that coup and supported the military dictatorship right through until 1985 busts all you need to do is read the headlines of the Old Globe or newspaper from the days following the coup they were celebrating the fall of a constitutional government of an elected government they supported the coup yeah what's that unlike anymore man though the military government put their support behind a media group that was still growing and they facilitated that growth partly by providing public funds and partly by not imposing any wars against the concentration of ownership Judaism is in 2013 almost 30 years after the end of military rule global apologized for backing the coup but not for its coverage of the regime that funk yet them they will hate when you submit regimes for what for you agent video above immediate I'm Jim you love yourself resist a South o'clock and global produced some of its most infamous journalism during that 21 year period in January 1984 hundreds of thousands of demonstrators took to the streets of San Paulo demanding a return to democracy Globo could not ignore the story but instead of reporting the facts it told its viewers that what they were watching was a celebration fast in Sao Paulo a sadhaka memory Osos Quattro Sentosa tinta Anushka Mazda King Yenta Selena daddies in 1989 in Brazil's first national election in more than two decades a debate took place between globo's favored candidate Fernando Collor and the leftist candidate Lula da Silva actually there were two debates the one that really happened and the version Globo edited heavily and put on the air the way the debate was edited was one of the biggest scandals in Brazilian television history hey there's agua de al Ghul's more metals of their backs it showed the best of Cologne and the worst of Luna mr. McKenzie dr. Rakesh posit theirs is extraneous almost to me there's this Mac sisters after some time the globo's owners became disenchanted with coal ore and so they campaign to get him impeach Bukavu the group global it's not only global it is also true of all the other mainstream media groups that they have been aligned historically with politically conservative interests that defend the status quo supporting the interests of the dominant delete in Brazil if you make a historical analysis they continue to act the same representing the same interests that's what many Brazilians saw in the movement that brought down President Dilma Rousseff last year Globo and other like-minded media groups campaigning to overthrow a democratically elected government which Mundus bombas políticas kiss don't illusory Brasilia mhm akua's de diario counter me against media outlets with political agendas was born globo's reporters in the field were confronted with accusations of backing a coup Jupiter's own a golpe in Portuguese at the same time a term was popularized media outlets were called partido de in Pensacola studies which translates to party of the pro-q press Brazil's powerful media monopolies have grown into what they are largely because of a regulatory vacuum there was no broadcast regulator here which is extraordinary for a country of this size there's no law preventing politicians from owning media outlets so many of them do many countries ban media cross-ownership the same proprietor owning multiple media outlets in the same market again Brazil has no such law in fact the closest thing to a law regulating the media in this country was passed more than half a century ago 1963 and why because that's doing global ones every time a Brazilian congressmen try to change that has his character assassinated by global there is no law the law is whatever global wants to do wanna see the possibility of regulation I was raised in Brazil a few years ago you know what the reaction was from the media they said this was tantamount to censorship they sold the idea that the government wanted to censor the media same food travel a song that media Jumma wash to the Creole machine said hey we'll add where the media knows more Deepak to God piada pronto-si audible miracles are the people's groups that's the argument used by the groups to oppose regulation they accuse anyone who wants to endless oligopoly of trying to censor the content there is a provision in the Brazilian Constitution that says that media cannot be a monopoly or an oligopoly in fact if that had ever been written into regulation we wouldn't be in the situation we find ourselves today in foul acosta somebody's a little a constitution prohibits politicians from controlling broadcasters but there's no legislation to enforce that so there are 40 politicians in Brazil who directly own radio and TV stations you're the mayor of a city and you also end the main newspaper radio or TV station you use the media to remain in power or you reach power and then you acquire media outlets and use what should be a public service for your own political battle pollito ji kissing to the Facebook what sense does it make these days to feel broadcasting with rules when at the same time you have the Internet and heaps of unregulated content regulation does not keep up with the evolution of technology it makes no sense saying that the system is dominated by one party pointing and saying ah but that network has 40% of the market of course someone is always going to be first and someone will always come last it doesn't make sense to regulate television when you can go online and see whatever you want Lula in Dilma had not the political courage to face though they say that they didn't have the political on senses of the political power to do that but in the end when Duma was kicked out of power they recognized that they had made their greatest mistake to Presidente de cámara Dwarka Cunha a Caballero Xie Jia : PG dodea be storage processor impeachment contra Presidente Dilma Rouseff they blinked keep them out of power we contacted Globo to give the company a chance to respond to its critics it chose not to Globo does have its competitors all of them owned by wealthy families or individuals however plurality in media ownership here has failed to deliver a plurality of views media owners in Brazil are without exception white and conservative they compete for audiences but do so mostly from the same political and social points of view via Brazil Jaffe 18 chickeny we see Brazil did not even have a publicly owned TV broadcaster until 10 years ago when Dilma Rousseff's predecessor the aforementioned Lula da Silva was president he created EBC over the objections of private media owners having got its start decades after its competitors EBC has a lot of catching up to do its ratings are microscopic less than a 1% share when it was launched conservatives called EBC lula TV they can't even do that anymore last year president – mayor appointed one of his political allies to run the channel one organization that changed the ownership formula on the private side as a TV network called ecology its owner is a billionaire a dear Macedo he doubles as a church bishop he is the founder of the universal Church of the kingdom of God one of Brazil's biggest evangelical churches and one of the fastest growing churches of its kind anywhere in the world Raziel version of televangelism the use of TV channels by religious figures to reach new audiences got its start in the 1990s various churches like Macedo x' rented airtime on conventional channels like hakura GTV boomer feed the mid or is span of what was in the televangelists saw their congregations grow and raked in more and more donations by 1989 Macedo no longer needed to rent airtime by the hour he and his church had the financial muscle to buy her core G outright ya ye you can guess what happens next when you have a TV network you have power at their Macedo isn't in government but he has power because he has a TV network he speaks to millions of people see so anyone running for election in Brazil has no choice but to ask for the blessings of edit Macedo and the other preachers because they speak to a huge number of people for all voters so then everyone goes to kiss edelman santa's hand not just the right way but the left whenever must say though and the universal Church acquired her core G it caused a chain reaction from then on a race was established in Brazil among other churches to also get TV stations but the economic crisis private television channels increased the practice of renting out airtime to religious groups who can pay so the crisis has ended up pushing private television into the arms of these churches care propagated and the discourse spread by many of these religious leaders is very hostile to those of edited to women's rights nice so much more Stern less bit so it keeps IKEA techology specifically has criminalized afro-brazilian religions portraying them as devil worship some groups have actually won legal cases against heck orgy forcing them to broadcast programs which treat these religions with more respect respect also VSS in joint your possibly a FEMA I can categorically say that these neo-pentecostal evangelical churches are the pinnacle of extreme right-wing reactionary attitudes in Brazil today they modulate the no but as you what moment one might think that Brazil's Church owned or affiliated TV channels would not have that much in common with global and other purely commercial outlets however the content isn't all that different the programming is just as loud women are objectified in much the same way and whether the channel is owned by a businessman in a pinstripe suit or someone broadcasting from an electronic pulpit the politics tend to follow the same lines Elise doesn't want to lose a single centimeter of its privilege it's a very selfish elite and I'm not even talking about a political alliance I'm talking about the true elite which is positioned well above this and yes what I'm talking about is the people who own the mainstream media on the Jews in Turkey did things American when it gets a scene then there are the twin issues of diversity and depiction 54% of the Brazilian population is of African descent you can see the legacy of the slave trade in the faces here Brazil was the last country in the Western world to abolish slavery it did so in 1888 20 years after the US did but despite the fact that more than half this country has African roots you may have noticed that almost all of the faces that you have seen so far in the clips that we've shown you from Brazilian television either corporate media or religious channels have one thing in common they're white Celia television / Ezio if you turn on the TV in Brazil there are hardly any black actors or presenters hardly any black journalists this is across all of the mainstream channels we are not seen there the invisibility of black people in spaces of power is glaring just go to the news room of any newspaper or television station and look at the journalists working there almost all of them are white so the coverage of black people on television or in the Brazilian news must go through the hands and the work of the white Jones DL here for this kind of television reinforce the stereotypes over time it reinforces the myth of racial democracy and that everyone has rights and equality and everything is OK so when certain issues are covered for example when we try to raise the issue of black genocide that every 23 minutes a young black person is murdered in Brazil how does it end up being portrayed it's always shootouts in the peripheries and the criminals were killed there isn't even a narrative that serves to inform the public of the facts in Brazil a country that was the last in the world to abolish slavery the depiction of that Brazilian reality does not just occur in news programming the same can be seen on the entertainment side and the Brazilian soap opera is known as telenovelas telenovelas are an integral part of the Brazilian media story for reasons both social and financial a successful telenovela will capture huge audiences routinely in the tens of millions their plot twists will drive everyday conversation in Brazil for the network's producing them all of which face the economic challenges born of the digital revolution telenovelas are still cash cows one of them Global's Avenida Brasil reportedly delivered ad revenues of about 1 billion dollars of universal and telenovelas have something that Brazilian news programs do not they have international reach globo's flagship newscast Jornal Nacional dominates domestic news ratings here but relatively few people outside Brazil will ever see it telenovelas are an export industry Avenida Brasil has been transmitted in 130 countries in 19 languages in that respect telenovelas are the face that Brazil shows to the world and much like the country's newscasters the faces that get shown are nothing less than a misrepresentation of what Brazil really is because again they're mostly white II must Ellen off in the sole purpose of Brazil we have a rich world a happy world a white world what is it that a soap opera does it enters the general public's home and tells a child who is still growing up what they are not going to be the places they cannot reach Brazilian private television does this every day every day she is a derivative at what is able to example in adaptations of books in which the main characters are black when they make them into TV CDs the custom is white a GK magenta Qadir so my scrap on frizzy children and when we asked why did you put a white actor to play the role of a black character they say it doesn't make a difference and this has happened in some very famous cities in Brazil in the past like essaouira the slave and shiki Mia Gonzaga he's a builder okay okay will you just a name you know talk this curve this curve is look talking fear it may not happen today because now we have a platform where we are able to protest because of the Internet we can make some noise or is you put after a lot of pressure from the black movement you can see little by little black actors gaining leading roles and soap operas my name is commutative however it is an allusion to thing that placing a black person on television solves the problem the way that black people are portrayed in most of the mainstream media follows and legitimizes the structural racism that we have in Brazil on the basis because the successful world the world that works is white and then when the commercials come on a white person comes along as the representative of buying power of acquisitive power the auditable in the circuit I had the basin's Costas mother on their surveys lose nutrition and then afterwards when the news comes on there's a black person robbing there's a black person being arrested so every day private television in Brazil attacks Brazilian they would miss Poston amount finally back to global and the story of the Brazilian TV beauty queen Nayyara Justino as examples of media malpractice in this country go it is nowhere near the worst but it is revealing the title mulata global asa was created by global it's a beauty contest tied to its coverage of brazil's annual carnival that word mulatta which some say has its roots in the word mula meaning mule is considered racist a word loaded with colonial connotations chosen by Globo for a beauty contest ostensibly held to celebrate racial integration viewers get to vote for the global ace and 2014 marked a first the winner nayara juice Tina was dark-skinned and unmistakably black new policy not everyone approved online trolls call Justino a monkey a darky a few months later Globo had Justino replaced it set the results of the vote aside and simply picked another woman Globo insisted that its decision had nothing to do with skin color that the choice came down to artistic fitness for the role it said artistic merit prevails the woman global picked to replace Justino had african roots as well but her skin tone is much lighter and as one of the country's relatively few newsreaders of African descent will tell you in the Brazilian media racial integration has its limits in Somalia I'm a black woman but I have a skin tone that is a little lighter and I can say that I am privileged in this because the darker your skin is the more you have to suffer in Brazil Shuma police officer if it was an official whitening policy in Brazil the initiative that brought European immigrants here after the abolition of slavery was not accidental it was done in order to whiten the population because they believed that within 200 years there would be no more blacks in Brazil but we're still here in this country which still denies its African origins and which runs on the idea that the whiter the better nostalgic want my squad room alone in a way the story of that beauty queen typifies the way global sees Brazil back in 1964 the network supported a military coup that brought down a government resilience had voted for two years ago global called its viewers on to the streets to help to pose another democratically elected government Globo is not even above overturning a public vote for a beauty queen if the choice of the people fails to align with the network's idea of who should represent Brazil you've been watching a special edition of our program on the Brazilian media who they are who they are not and the influence they wield in this the world's fifth most populous countries we'll see you next time here at The Listening Post you

Tory leadership debate: Johnson edges closer to power



given the seriousness of the situation it is genuinely extraordinary that this is the very first time these two had faced questions from the public they hadn't seen in advance as to what the next Prime Minister should do to get through the maze of brexit and yet again the same false promises Boris Johnson arguing that the UK would leave with no deal in October and then implement a trade deal with the European Union even though one wouldn't exist solve the problems of the Irish border where they properly belong in the context of the free trade agreement that we will do after we come out on October the 31st Jeremy Hunt tried to attack Johnson on this kind of thing he presented himself as a details man despite that they mocked by his opponents being Prime Minister is about telling people what they need to hear not just what they want to hear and the difference between you and me as you are peddling optimism and I'm saying we can make a tremendous the diplomatic war that's broken out between the US and UK came up of course once again demonstrating a gap Hunt insisted he would stand up to Trump and support his ambassador in Washington sometimes things that you have to say to your friends that you rather not say like I said to President Trump today because I think his comments about Teresa May were unacceptable and I don't think he should have made them while Johnson refused to promise to defend the Ambassador and refused to say that he would keep him in posts well I I'm not going to be so presumptuous as to the program was called Britain's next prime minister much of it was excruciating to the question allowed to respond Boris you haven't answered any no both are to raise their hand if they believe the UK will leave the European Union at the end of October well that's the spirit Jeremy yeah of course the one thing that both Johnson and Huntz both have in common is an insistence that through sheer force of will they can bounce the European Union into coming up with a new brexit deal before the end of October and when those people in Brussels understand that they mean business they will surely capitulate of course those people in Brussels watch the television – and know perfectly well that that is the threat they now face and nothing has changed and both the candidates know as well even though they won't admit it that there is no time whatsoever to come up with a new deal before the end of October hunts came across as the more serious candidates but Johnson remains favorites who will all find out soon enough if he's telling the truth about his intention to say goodbye to the European Union with or without a deal thornsley al Jazeera London

Indonesians sue government for air pollution



Jakarta ranked the most polluted city in Southeast Asia last year that's based on a study published in March by environmental group Greenpeace and air visual an app that measures air quality around the world on Thursday 31 Indonesians took matters into their own hands in an attempt to compel the government to tackle air pollution they filed a legal action against the president several cabinet ministers including the environment and health ministers and the governors of Jakarta and two surrounding provinces we shared our research with the government we told them this is the condition of our air but all they did was questioned our findings they asked what data are you using what equipment do you use one of the plaintiffs our dito hari Nugroho is a freelance videographer and a keen cyclist I use my bike when I go to most places and my lungs have to work hard I'm not sure what the long-term impact of air pollution is but I know I cough a lot more when I've been out on my bike the biggest contributor to air pollution is traffic the air quality index or AQI in Jakarta reached unhealthy levels in 24 out of the last 30 days according to data from air visual a city of Jakarta size requires more than 60 sensors to read the AQI there are only six here operated by the government activists say they also want a Thorat ease to apply more stringent standards when it comes to measuring air quality AQI readings are based on measurements of particulate matter of less than 2.5 micrometers in diameter or PM 2.5 the government has set the maximum daily level on that scale at 65 micrograms per cubic meter that's two and a half times more than the World Health Organisation's dust rule Changi a NGO is director-general of air pollution control with the environment ministry he says the air quality is improving citing government data which showed there were twenty days of good air quality so far this year compared to 34 for the whole of last year by 2025 we aim to reduce the use of personal vehicles by 30% that should help reduce pollution and we're committed to making vehicles use cleaner fuel but the 31 Indonesians who are taking government officials to court say that's not enough they are calling for more research more transparency and more solutions to tackle air pollution Florence lui al Jazeera Jakarta

US Democratic debate night one: What did the candidates say?



it's one of the most crowded and diverse group of candidates in the Democratic Party's history so packed that the first televised debates will run for two nights lesser-known politicians like Hawaii's Tulsi Gabbard the first Hindu member of the US Congress fought to raise their profile going forward these debates will have tougher standards to qualify so for some there's little to lose and everything to gain the American people deserve a president who will put your interests ahead of the rich and powerful that's not what we have right now Massachusetts senator Elizabeth Warren doesn't have that problem she's doing well in the polls is known to the public and visited a migrant detention center in Florida before the debates with a clear message to voters we do not lock people up for money we follow up by saying we do not lock people up for political ends which is what if the President of the United States is doing here health care economic disparity and immigration were among the dominant themes there was some infighting among the candidates over how to implement policies they all broadly agree on but former San Antonio mayor Julian Castro showed the kind of emotion that they helped his campaign I'm very proud that in April I became the first candidate to put forward a comprehensive immigration plan and we saw those images watching that image of Voskhod and his daughter ballet dia is heartbreaking it should also piss us all off outside the debate Trump supporters made their voices heard the president tweeted during the debate with just one word boring the Democratic candidates and those looking for someone to take on the president in 2020 it was an exciting start to what will be a long and hard-fought process the biggest challenge for many of these candidates is creating a buzz with limited time in a crowded field most performed as expected but over the next few weeks there will be a cold without increasing polling numbers campaign cash will dry up ending their president hopes for those that came into these debates with good polling numbers they have a clear advantage now they need to build momentum and that will be the battle ahead Anna Gallacher al Jazeera Miami Florida

Frontline Stalemate: Govt loses hundreds of troops



there is a stalemate on the front lines in Northwest Syria Syrian government forces backed by the Russian military have not been able to break the opposition's defensive positions after weeks of fighting it has been a costly battle or monitoring groups say more than 700 government troops have been killed since late April we tell the Assad gangs and the Russian occupiers whoever comes to the hammer or Latakia Front's will fail hundreds of bodies of regime mercenaries are rotting the rebels – lost hundreds of men defending their territory but they stopped the advance their ally Turkey did play a role by providing sophisticated weapons capabilities it doesn't want to lose its leverage in the province of Idlib another main stakeholder Iran however has been absent from the battlefield Iran's participation would provoke negative reactions from the Western countries especially the United States in terms of a kind of military action against Syria or something like that and another reason is that Iran does not want to provoke turkey sensitivities because they are working with each other in terms of circumventing the American sanctions against Iran others say Iran is sending a message to its Russian allies who have not stopped Israeli strikes against Iranian targets in Syria whatever the reason the Syrian government is struggling and Iran is proving its value in the war effort it live is not the only active frontline ISIL remains a threat in central Syria the major problem they are facing in eastern Eastern Front such as Eastern Homs such as their soul and even suela I'm gonna talk about the desert only the eastern Homs basically every two days I'm not gonna say daily there is an Isis attack when the regime position causing the death of 10 to 15 Sevilla fighters among the regime Syrian President Bashar Assad has restored control over more than 60 percent of the country but his army is exhausted overstretched and it seems too weak to recapture remaining rebel-held areas without the help of in fact militias many of the fighters on the front line fighting on behalf of the regime have been recruited forcefully from towns across the area they do not actually want to serve many of them do not like the Assad regime some of them have even fought against it in rebel ranks and therefore their morale their determination to continue fighting is very low assad repeatedly says he will recall koryn live but the battle for the opposition's last stronghold is proving to be difficult senator al jazeera Beirut

Lebanon elections: Can new politicians bring change? | The Stream



welcome to the stream live on al-jazeera and YouTube I'm Sonia okay how old were you when you cast your first election vote 18 19 maybe even your early 20s well in Lebanon most people under the age of 30 and never had the chance to vote for who they want in Parliament now many young Lebanese voters are relishing the chance to cast their ballots in the country's first legislative elections since 2009 and with many new parties and independents entering the race they have a wide choice I'm Malik Avilan today we're speak to Lebanese candidates who are aiming to shake things up after nearly a decade of political stasis more than 900 candidates are running for seats in Lebanon's general election this Sunday and many are hopeful that a revised election law will benefit them Lebanon's last parliamentary election was held in June 2009 and since then the current Parliament has extended its term three times citing security concerns amid the war in neighboring Syria as well as disputes between parties before the new electoral law was agreed while Prime Minister sat Hurley's future movement and the Shia Hezbollah party are expected to do well many new groups are aiming to make their mark – including subber 7 they have joined forces with other civil society groups and independence the former 66 member coalition known as calluna owatta nee we are the nation the coalition members say they are a real alternative to establish parties who are stuck in their ways Lebanese voters living outside the country have already had a chance to cast their ballots first under the new electoral law these voters in Rio and turned out on Friday about 83,000 lebanese expatriates registered to cast their ballots in places as far afield as the United States France and Australia joining us today to discuss how new parties and candidates are aiming to win support we have Victoria Alka reserve Ain she is co-founder of the sabar party and a parliamentary candidate in the Mattoon district she joins us from the Lebanese cap Oh baby also from violets we have Nadine Musa she's a lawyer who is also running as a parliamentary candidate within the National Coalition group this year in 2014 she became the first woman to run for the Lebanese presidency nyla jaha is a lawyer and member of Liberty that's a civil society movement within the National Coalition she's also in Beirut and also from Beirut we have her be a butter an investigative journalist and a filmmaker he's founder and editor-in-chief of the Beirut report that's an online news site welcome everybody I have to say that Habib is very close to you he's in Lebanon but we have a very long delay because he's in a studio so excuse the satellite delay it will be an exercise in patience and beam it's good to have you here can you describe what it must be like for country to have their first elections after nine years what is the atmosphere like how are people reacting and treating this upcoming election well people are actually very excited it's it's yeah happy I think we're talking over each other but I'll just continue you know I mean it's it's a very competitive environment for the first time we're seeing almost a thousand candidates we're seeing over a hundred women candidates people are really feeling that there is a possibility of change in the air but I think they're also realistic you know we can't expect too much but I think what's also interesting that's happening is that the the election campaigning is very different than in past years so we're seeing kind of different political culture emerging in Lebanon different political practices so it's also about I think the race itself not necessarily the the outcome so I mean I think that we're seeing a lot of issues being raised for the first time people are really questioning the leadership and what they've done for the past 10 years the fact that they have canceled the elections the fact that that we're sitting in a almost a toxic waste in here in Lebanon today as a result of some of their failures so there is some accountability there are some questions that are happening right now and I think it's the first time that most who are actually excited about Lebanese elections that are outside of the political establishment Victoria you're campaigning right now how are you campaigning different that you might not have done has there been a succession of elections one after nor after another in fact I'm campaigning like against power and against million of dollars well while I come from a civil society background and then this is what would define my campaign it's it's a natural one counting on people counting on canvassing everyday going from a region to another spending time on the streets talking to people to people in their stores in their garage in their again going to knock door do door to door to to canvass to talk to them and even doing activities special activities and different from the standard ones like participating and rally papers or doing the training over a fire camp and even for the billboards like I didn't pay for any billboard I don't have any billboard I launched a campaign on Facebook saying that on the neighbors balconies and then I had my friends my family my neighbors calling me to put my photos on their balconies without because I can't afford billboards especially that they are they are like everywhere you should see the streets to understand talking about well it's that face-to-face contact that you're having that I think is really making an impact on people at least that's what people online are telling us and nylons know that you've been doing some of the same going door-to-door talking to people on the street I wanted you to take a look at this tweet from Samir he says if you're Lebanese and age thirty chances are you've never participated in parliamentary elections the current government extended its mandate three times since 2009 without a referendum since 2009 several crises have emerged in Lebanon garbage crisis refugee crisis regional conflict human rights violations the youth expect a rational response to these issues and yet the situation keeps getting worse so nyla you could see this as as the youth seeing this as their chance excitement that they get to change the or are they looking at it as same old as usual what are people telling you when we can we can really see the excitement really on the streets and while working with the volunteers with all the youth who will be as you said they will have the first chance to vote we have more than 600 600 thousand Lebanese young ladies and and men who's gonna vote for the first time and as the treats were saying I mean we went through a very extremely critical phase over the past nine years but it wasn't only about crisis well of course the current political parties are they they really showed that their performance is extremely weak but on another note and I tend to be positive we managed and we succeeded to accumulate many achievements on the social level from social movements from a very different campaigning we managed in 2016 to be a very major actor in the municipal elections and then also be managed on the Union level so it's not it wasn't only about crisis's but I would say that we are succeeding in building a very serious solid sustainable reformist platform and hopefully the results are going to be extremely positive and the parliamentary election and the major achievement that he managed to do is to group everyone on the same table and to have a national coalition in nine districts in Lebanon which is extremely extremely challenging but we managed to do it and I think this is one of the major achievement and it's going to be a push and it's going to really motivate and mobilize people to vote for alternative new political parties so one of the aspects of this upcoming election is the impact that young people may actually have on this election the United Nations Development Program talked to young people in Lebanon about what they wanted what are their demands have a look at this video I will read through some of them young people's demands I just I just want to say in my country young people want to work with a good salary more powerful civil society and respect for minorities in Lebanon they can't continue their master degree because it requires a lot of money then how can young people achieve their ambitions security in Lebanon to create jobs to improve security and economy we do have competencies but if you don't have connections then you have enough ain't long alright Nadine so many that's a big wish list for what young people want I suspect that's what most people in Lebanon want the the key issue for you in his upcoming election is what the key issue is for those young people to know and realize that this is not an election like any other election and may 6 is not an ordinary day it can be a historic day and they have to be part of this historic day it can be a historic day because for the first time in our margin history many young people are voting like you mentioned and for the first time we have an introduction of the proportional system that will allow dependent candidates out of the traditional political establishments that are mainly political dinosaurs have a chance to really represent the young the women all the marginalized citizens who have been neglected for decades and their conditions of living and their basic rights and services so we have an opportunity I want to specially address this to the young people they have an opportunity today on May 6 to really be represented in the next parliament which is a major major step forward so you mentioned political dinosaurs there there are some yes is running a parliamentary candidate who would probably agree with you at least on that point have a listen to Lucien who whose and does this comment I'm a writer and a director and I'm also an activist and running for the parliamentary elections happening this Sunday in Lebanon mostly running because we as citizens of Lebanon most of us have lost any kind of confidence or trust and people who are supposed to be representing us in Parliament especially after they self extended three times for themselves and also given trust to government's who have failed to provide basic very basic services for the Lebanese people so happy you heard his issues there and as we've heard there is a new system in place that could change some of the things he sees as problems this is Christian on Twitter who says with this new system you have the chance to vote for a representative who doesn't need to satisfy one of the blocks to gain political influence some of the voters might think that it's more difficult to vote when you have more options and some of them think it's a great thing so happy what effect do you think that this new electoral law will actually have in practice well it's it's a new law and in some ways it's a very complicated law I'm not sure that everybody understands it but the good thing about it is that it allows more than just one winner you know the winner-takes-all system that we've seen a lot of even Western democracies here you know the first and second place get to get both some seats they get to split seats and so this opens the opportunity for more groups to possibly you know slip into power even if they don't get the majority of votes so it's an interesting development there could be some surprises so that's that's new right having surprises and Lebanese politics is unusual because usually the political bosses and the establishment parties they really control everything and they've also of course you know they've gerrymandered the districts in a way that suits them so obviously there's still that so it's not an ideal situation but it is it is a bit of a change it is opening some opportunity and giving people some hope I think it's very important to have a little bit of hope I'm in Lebanon la people have lost hope and they're very apathetic about elections they believe nothing will ever change in the country but I think change is really inevitable and it happens in any environment and we are living in change today just by virtue of the fact that how Nayla said that you know they've organized this national list before independence weren't able to organize very well and so there's a whole machine of organizing and gain people together that that's very new and that's the kind of work that needs to be done so in some ways I think we're seeing a laying of the foundation for change in the future even if it might not happen right away I just thought to say one thing Habib I totally agree with you that for these elections it will be based on hope while for the previous elections it was always based on fear or on hating the other group or the other party it was like a result of the war that we lived and now these elections is 100% based on our hope of building a new Babylon because when we talk about 66 candidates this is more than half of the parliament which means that we are really presenting a new way of doing politics because we just need it we just need to see that politics can be done in a different way because the old way just didn't work so nyla I want you to help us unpack this electro row because you are a lawyer so you can you can be my wing woman so I want to take a look at the electoral law it was passed last year then if I say anything wrong you can just correct me live on air I'm very humble with this one so for nearly 30 years the seats in Lebanon's parliament have been allotted 5050 between Muslim and Christian sects did I get that right nila yes all right for that division yes yes sir that division state in place underneath with revised law so this is what is new this has never happened before what is new is that voters in 15 districts must select a list of Ally candidates plus they're favored individual candidate in a proportional system and that replaces the previous winner takes all raw what do you think I mean it's hard no before we actually have the election but do you think that's gonna make a significant difference Nayla well of course it well first the first I think the first difference was introducing the idea of campaigning based on a program and not based on one person or one leader because in the majority in an electoral system the idea was okay you have the leader of this party of or this confession and then whatever program they have it doesn't really matter what is extremely interesting and the proportional law and this is what we've been fighting for for the past like 4050 years is that based on this list and based on this proportional system and the fact that we have a group of people who are candidates in one list this means that the fight is between programs and not between persons and this is why people are having more confidence in our lists because we are putting a program on the table we are putting a discourse on the table whereas the other political traditional parties unfortunately they are still stuck and you know that this threatening messaging and fighting each other on personal basis and just condemning each others without putting something substantial and that would speak to the people's needs and to the people's demands and to their people's general interest so I think this is the fridge first achievement that we already did during the campaigning and I'm I'm certainly and positively sure that the results even if we're not gonna win the 60 succeeds I mean the fact that we are running together the fact that we're gonna have substantial results that will be our credit to build on after the election in order to have a sustainable reformist platform we not were working on anything to get in there because clearly we have some pots on what you're saying true I would like to change a little bit in what I've been hearing from Habib mainly all the political analysts that tend to consider that we have no chance to win this is not correct and I don't agree with it I think we do have big chances to end because they always have been a tendency to consider that the elite the political elite the establishment elite has been elected by all the Lebanese people this is not true the maximum the maximum score they do not represent all the Lebanese people they represent to the maximum half of the Lebanese people so you have half of the the other half of Lebanese people who do not feel represented at all by this political establishment and they have to know and understand and realize that they can make the whole difference to make a difference and be part of the change they are aspiring for and change this political Jurassic Park we're living in into a real democratic country that we dream of and up to our ambitions what's very important is for the other half the new voters to understand that and not to listen to the established or Gnostics that we're not gonna win maybe we'll win one maybe would win 7 maybe we'll have few wins I do not agree at all with such a statement Nadine I hear you're there now and I see how many once I see happy but also want to jump in but I want to bring in our community because there's one point here that we haven't talked about but it's obvious if you're watching the show and not just listening and that is the number of female candidates that are part of this this year's poll so this is Doha Metheny she says Lebanon currently has a record number of women running which is absolutely thrilling our country continually elects the same old men into Parliament and it'll be great to get representation for women especially considering how long it took to repeal a marital rape loophole loophole that that's a separate issue there but someone else here has a little bit of caution Lena says after rejection of a 30% quota for women candidates women had to fight harder to submit their candidacy and hopefully some will win seats echoing you there Nadine but she says women's presence doesn't necessarily mean power for women and that women and politics will support women's interests Victoria do you want to pick up there yeah sure you know the problem and the list that we have now is that the political parties the traditional political parties did not nominate women from within the parties they only get I would say help from independent women to make sure that they have women on the list but it doesn't mean that they are giving them the preferential vote while in our list in Kelowna what analysts we were aiming to have 50% of the of the candidates women it we only got 30% which is good already but it's not because we wanted to have just the 30% quota this is what we were able to do in a short period but the women on Kelowna what analysts all of them are not there just to have women on the list they are there because they deserve it and if they get to the Parliament they will be talking about women issues national issues because we do believe that any issue is related to women in the same time it's the long fight we know that but a lot of chances are there for women to vote and I think that women voters will show that in the ballots in few days I want to go back to her babe Nadine IKEA come straight back down we want to go back to happy because we do have that longer delay with him via his Twitter page here her be adding some color to this conversation a new independent parties inspire change Lebanon's political establishment reminds us why changes needed supporters of Prime Minister Saad Hariri seen here painting a camel in his party colors if these parties cannot respect animals can they respect humans I want you to look at some of these pictures here and here and here and like Nadine was saying that you don't reckon that the interplant indepent parties are going to do that well but this change is needed your response is what – Nadine my response is Nadine well I think that you know I I don't I don't disagree that there's an opportunity for a change I think we are living in change right now I think the independents are having a big influence on this election because of the issues they're raising the way they're campaigning for example we're seeing independence at a trash dump with masks on campaigning whereas we're seeing how did he for example the political elite you know throwing big parties lavish parties giving away free gifts just a lot of you know actually abusing the public spaces abusing animals even you know just kind of taking over the spaces putting their posters everywhere and so there's a real interesting contrast that's being drawn between the traditional campaigning and the new campaigning which focuses on issues and not just plastering your face everywhere or tell people they have to vote for you out of fear so I am I am optimistic I think in the long run but I think we have to be realistic as well we can't underestimate the power of the political parties they will win by and large most of the seats we all know that and why is that though is it because people are backwards no I think we have to consider the context of Lebanon we're coming out of a war in Lebanon it's not the war leaders are still leading the country to the war and sometimes it's still on in the country so we're still in a kind of a warlike environment we're in a crisis environment there's a lot of opportunity to exploit people and so let's be realistic at least and say that you know we are building a platform we are changing the discourse I've even having platforms is it a change in Lebanon the candidates are also these are lady Victoria Mina where at the end of the show I know I keep you for next three hours and we'd still be discussing the election all right may the sixth you will follow it on al-jazeera English I'm sure thank you so much guests for being with us today conversation continues online as always hashtag aj stream so be sure to be with us for our next episode of the stream we will be looking at well Press Freedom Day we will examine the challenges that journalists face of societies across the world are ever more divided so be sure to keep your comments coming on Twitter and YouTube thanks for watching see you and I you