Noam Chomsky – The 5 Filters of the Mass Media Machine


‘Propaganda’. Many use the word when talking about countries like North Korea, Kazakhstan, Iran. Countries viewed as authoritarian
through the lens of the western media. ‘Press freedom’. ‘Freedom of thought’. People use those terms when talking about countries like the United States, France, Australia. ‘Democracies’. In 1988, Noam Chomsky co-authored a book with Edward Herman called ‘Manufacturing Consent’. It blasted apart the notion that media acts
as a check on political power. That media inform the public,
serve the public so that we can better engage in the political process. In fact, media manufacture our consent. They tell us what those in power
need them to tell us … so we can fall in line. Democracy is staged with the help of media
that work as propaganda machines. Media operate through five filters. The first has to do with ownership. Mass media firms are big corporations. Often, they are part of even bigger conglomerates. Their end game? Profit. And so it’s in their interests to push for
whatever guarantees that profit. Critical journalism takes second place to
the needs and interests of the corporation. The second filter exposes
the real role of advertising. Media costs a lot more than consumers will ever pay. So who fills the gap? Advertisers. And what are the advertisers paying for? Audiences. And so it isn’t so much that the media are selling you a product – their output. They are also selling advertisers a product
– YOU. How does the establishment manage the media? That’s the third filter. Journalism cannot be a check on power because the very system encourages complicity. Governments, corporations, big institutions
know how to play the media game. They know how to influence the news narrative. They feed media scoops, official accounts,
interviews with the ‘experts’. They make themselves crucial to the process of journalism. So, those in power and those who report on them
are in bed with each other. If you want to challenge power, you’ll be
pushed to the margins. Your name won’t be down. You won’t be
getting in. You’ve lost your access. You’ve lost the story. When the media – journalists, whistleblowers,
sources – stray away from the consensus, they get ‘flak’. That’s the fourth filter.
When the story is inconvenient for the powers that be, you’ll see the flak machine in
action discrediting sources, trashing stories and diverting the conversation. To manufacture consent, you need an enemy
– a target. That common enemy is the fifth filter. Communism. Terrorists. Immigrants. A common enemy,
a bogeyman to fear, helps corral public opinion. Five filters. One big media theory. Consent is being manufactured all around you,
all the time.

West Africa economy: Leaders push for single currency ECO



there are topics that can both divide and bring West Africans together football with the Africa Cup of Nations how to properly grill a chicken and money that's because 15 West African countries have agreed to create and share a single currency called echo by next year it's a great idea if we have the same currency we could be one big country like America big and strong and then we will all be treated as equal already eight of the 15 countries used the same currency the African Francoeur CFA a legacy of French colonialism france's central bank acts like a manager holding part of their treasury to guarantee financial stability the seven other nations often deal with inflation and currency volatility with each of them directing their own monetary policy Omar I once see a graduate student in trade says he has watched leaders say a common currency is the solution since 1983 playing defensively others are being too aggressive and not thinking of the collective we need to play as a team for this to work but for everybody to win from it including Senegal while Nigeria is the continents biggest economy Senegal and Ivory Coast are some of the fastest growing in the world and yet the UN says less than 20% of trade here is happening among African countries the challenge is to get the big players in the region like Ivory Coast and Nigeria to stop competing against each other but to work as a team together for the benefit of the people of West Africa we're senegalese chicken stock maker Betty Sun a common currency is good for business allowing easier access to Nigeria's 420 billion dollar economy we need to move beyond the African franc to boost trade Nigeria is the driving force of West Africa's economy a single currency would allow us to overcome all of our challenges today it's a sizzling debate with each its own opinion while there may be uncertainty over the single currency regional leaders believe that in the end Africans will come out as winners Nikolas honk al Jazeera Dakar

Tsipras concedes defeat to New Democracy party in Greece election



the leader of the New Democracy party got what he asked for not just a majority but an outright one that allows the conservatives to rule on their own for the first time in 15 years kiriakos matsutakes says it will allow him to implement an ambitious reform program unhindered by coalition partners this wasn't just an expression of will to close a painful chapter for our country it was much more than that the fate of the people in their strength his desire to take our fate into our own hands he needs to prove that we can do great things in our own country the pressure is now in Matata keys to deliver on his promise to bring growth to the Greek economy and help create 700,000 jobs in his first term he's planning to do it partly through tax cuts but Greece can only afford them if international bailout creditors agree to cut repayments it's a goal that eluded previous governments since the beginning of government austerity measures imposed in 2010 when Greece faced bankruptcy because of its massive debts the victory of Matata G's ends four and a half years of rule by syriza Prime Minister Alexis tsipras raised the coalition of the radical left from obscurity to seize power from the New Democracy party in the last election in 2015 tsipras promised he would be the vanguard of the left-wing revolution across Europe to defeat the austerity policies imposed on Greece that caused recession and unemployment tsipras ultimately capitulated to those policies in order to keep Greece in the eurozone despite cities are raising the minimum wage cutting sales tax and offering more benefits to pensioners this year it seems to have been too little too late the thaw geometer thank you I will receive mr. mr. Tarkus into the palace said to hand over to him the office of Prime Minister as is done in the democratic stage I would like to from the bottom of my heart thank all the members and friends of our party who gave a good fight in unviable conditions in order to double its growth rate or grow much faster Greece will need levels of foreign investment in the coming years and that will be perhaps the biggest challenge on the economic front and that needs a lot of structural reform which sometimes takes time there's more at stake here than the economy for the past decade Greeks have watched their politicians being dictated to by their creditors the International Monetary Fund and the eurozone because those politicians didn't want to assume ownership of unpopular reforms like his predecessors which Ithaca says he wants to restore Greek sovereignty and dignity but unlike them he wants to do it in collaboration with European Union partners john psaropoulos al jazeera athens

Tory leadership debate: Johnson edges closer to power



given the seriousness of the situation it is genuinely extraordinary that this is the very first time these two had faced questions from the public they hadn't seen in advance as to what the next Prime Minister should do to get through the maze of brexit and yet again the same false promises Boris Johnson arguing that the UK would leave with no deal in October and then implement a trade deal with the European Union even though one wouldn't exist solve the problems of the Irish border where they properly belong in the context of the free trade agreement that we will do after we come out on October the 31st Jeremy Hunt tried to attack Johnson on this kind of thing he presented himself as a details man despite that they mocked by his opponents being Prime Minister is about telling people what they need to hear not just what they want to hear and the difference between you and me as you are peddling optimism and I'm saying we can make a tremendous the diplomatic war that's broken out between the US and UK came up of course once again demonstrating a gap Hunt insisted he would stand up to Trump and support his ambassador in Washington sometimes things that you have to say to your friends that you rather not say like I said to President Trump today because I think his comments about Teresa May were unacceptable and I don't think he should have made them while Johnson refused to promise to defend the Ambassador and refused to say that he would keep him in posts well I I'm not going to be so presumptuous as to the program was called Britain's next prime minister much of it was excruciating to the question allowed to respond Boris you haven't answered any no both are to raise their hand if they believe the UK will leave the European Union at the end of October well that's the spirit Jeremy yeah of course the one thing that both Johnson and Huntz both have in common is an insistence that through sheer force of will they can bounce the European Union into coming up with a new brexit deal before the end of October and when those people in Brussels understand that they mean business they will surely capitulate of course those people in Brussels watch the television – and know perfectly well that that is the threat they now face and nothing has changed and both the candidates know as well even though they won't admit it that there is no time whatsoever to come up with a new deal before the end of October hunts came across as the more serious candidates but Johnson remains favorites who will all find out soon enough if he's telling the truth about his intention to say goodbye to the European Union with or without a deal thornsley al Jazeera London

Indonesians sue government for air pollution



Jakarta ranked the most polluted city in Southeast Asia last year that's based on a study published in March by environmental group Greenpeace and air visual an app that measures air quality around the world on Thursday 31 Indonesians took matters into their own hands in an attempt to compel the government to tackle air pollution they filed a legal action against the president several cabinet ministers including the environment and health ministers and the governors of Jakarta and two surrounding provinces we shared our research with the government we told them this is the condition of our air but all they did was questioned our findings they asked what data are you using what equipment do you use one of the plaintiffs our dito hari Nugroho is a freelance videographer and a keen cyclist I use my bike when I go to most places and my lungs have to work hard I'm not sure what the long-term impact of air pollution is but I know I cough a lot more when I've been out on my bike the biggest contributor to air pollution is traffic the air quality index or AQI in Jakarta reached unhealthy levels in 24 out of the last 30 days according to data from air visual a city of Jakarta size requires more than 60 sensors to read the AQI there are only six here operated by the government activists say they also want a Thorat ease to apply more stringent standards when it comes to measuring air quality AQI readings are based on measurements of particulate matter of less than 2.5 micrometers in diameter or PM 2.5 the government has set the maximum daily level on that scale at 65 micrograms per cubic meter that's two and a half times more than the World Health Organisation's dust rule Changi a NGO is director-general of air pollution control with the environment ministry he says the air quality is improving citing government data which showed there were twenty days of good air quality so far this year compared to 34 for the whole of last year by 2025 we aim to reduce the use of personal vehicles by 30% that should help reduce pollution and we're committed to making vehicles use cleaner fuel but the 31 Indonesians who are taking government officials to court say that's not enough they are calling for more research more transparency and more solutions to tackle air pollution Florence lui al Jazeera Jakarta

US Democratic debate night one: What did the candidates say?



it's one of the most crowded and diverse group of candidates in the Democratic Party's history so packed that the first televised debates will run for two nights lesser-known politicians like Hawaii's Tulsi Gabbard the first Hindu member of the US Congress fought to raise their profile going forward these debates will have tougher standards to qualify so for some there's little to lose and everything to gain the American people deserve a president who will put your interests ahead of the rich and powerful that's not what we have right now Massachusetts senator Elizabeth Warren doesn't have that problem she's doing well in the polls is known to the public and visited a migrant detention center in Florida before the debates with a clear message to voters we do not lock people up for money we follow up by saying we do not lock people up for political ends which is what if the President of the United States is doing here health care economic disparity and immigration were among the dominant themes there was some infighting among the candidates over how to implement policies they all broadly agree on but former San Antonio mayor Julian Castro showed the kind of emotion that they helped his campaign I'm very proud that in April I became the first candidate to put forward a comprehensive immigration plan and we saw those images watching that image of Voskhod and his daughter ballet dia is heartbreaking it should also piss us all off outside the debate Trump supporters made their voices heard the president tweeted during the debate with just one word boring the Democratic candidates and those looking for someone to take on the president in 2020 it was an exciting start to what will be a long and hard-fought process the biggest challenge for many of these candidates is creating a buzz with limited time in a crowded field most performed as expected but over the next few weeks there will be a cold without increasing polling numbers campaign cash will dry up ending their president hopes for those that came into these debates with good polling numbers they have a clear advantage now they need to build momentum and that will be the battle ahead Anna Gallacher al Jazeera Miami Florida

Frontline Stalemate: Govt loses hundreds of troops



there is a stalemate on the front lines in Northwest Syria Syrian government forces backed by the Russian military have not been able to break the opposition's defensive positions after weeks of fighting it has been a costly battle or monitoring groups say more than 700 government troops have been killed since late April we tell the Assad gangs and the Russian occupiers whoever comes to the hammer or Latakia Front's will fail hundreds of bodies of regime mercenaries are rotting the rebels – lost hundreds of men defending their territory but they stopped the advance their ally Turkey did play a role by providing sophisticated weapons capabilities it doesn't want to lose its leverage in the province of Idlib another main stakeholder Iran however has been absent from the battlefield Iran's participation would provoke negative reactions from the Western countries especially the United States in terms of a kind of military action against Syria or something like that and another reason is that Iran does not want to provoke turkey sensitivities because they are working with each other in terms of circumventing the American sanctions against Iran others say Iran is sending a message to its Russian allies who have not stopped Israeli strikes against Iranian targets in Syria whatever the reason the Syrian government is struggling and Iran is proving its value in the war effort it live is not the only active frontline ISIL remains a threat in central Syria the major problem they are facing in eastern Eastern Front such as Eastern Homs such as their soul and even suela I'm gonna talk about the desert only the eastern Homs basically every two days I'm not gonna say daily there is an Isis attack when the regime position causing the death of 10 to 15 Sevilla fighters among the regime Syrian President Bashar Assad has restored control over more than 60 percent of the country but his army is exhausted overstretched and it seems too weak to recapture remaining rebel-held areas without the help of in fact militias many of the fighters on the front line fighting on behalf of the regime have been recruited forcefully from towns across the area they do not actually want to serve many of them do not like the Assad regime some of them have even fought against it in rebel ranks and therefore their morale their determination to continue fighting is very low assad repeatedly says he will recall koryn live but the battle for the opposition's last stronghold is proving to be difficult senator al jazeera Beirut

Lebanon elections: Can new politicians bring change? | The Stream



welcome to the stream live on al-jazeera and YouTube I'm Sonia okay how old were you when you cast your first election vote 18 19 maybe even your early 20s well in Lebanon most people under the age of 30 and never had the chance to vote for who they want in Parliament now many young Lebanese voters are relishing the chance to cast their ballots in the country's first legislative elections since 2009 and with many new parties and independents entering the race they have a wide choice I'm Malik Avilan today we're speak to Lebanese candidates who are aiming to shake things up after nearly a decade of political stasis more than 900 candidates are running for seats in Lebanon's general election this Sunday and many are hopeful that a revised election law will benefit them Lebanon's last parliamentary election was held in June 2009 and since then the current Parliament has extended its term three times citing security concerns amid the war in neighboring Syria as well as disputes between parties before the new electoral law was agreed while Prime Minister sat Hurley's future movement and the Shia Hezbollah party are expected to do well many new groups are aiming to make their mark – including subber 7 they have joined forces with other civil society groups and independence the former 66 member coalition known as calluna owatta nee we are the nation the coalition members say they are a real alternative to establish parties who are stuck in their ways Lebanese voters living outside the country have already had a chance to cast their ballots first under the new electoral law these voters in Rio and turned out on Friday about 83,000 lebanese expatriates registered to cast their ballots in places as far afield as the United States France and Australia joining us today to discuss how new parties and candidates are aiming to win support we have Victoria Alka reserve Ain she is co-founder of the sabar party and a parliamentary candidate in the Mattoon district she joins us from the Lebanese cap Oh baby also from violets we have Nadine Musa she's a lawyer who is also running as a parliamentary candidate within the National Coalition group this year in 2014 she became the first woman to run for the Lebanese presidency nyla jaha is a lawyer and member of Liberty that's a civil society movement within the National Coalition she's also in Beirut and also from Beirut we have her be a butter an investigative journalist and a filmmaker he's founder and editor-in-chief of the Beirut report that's an online news site welcome everybody I have to say that Habib is very close to you he's in Lebanon but we have a very long delay because he's in a studio so excuse the satellite delay it will be an exercise in patience and beam it's good to have you here can you describe what it must be like for country to have their first elections after nine years what is the atmosphere like how are people reacting and treating this upcoming election well people are actually very excited it's it's yeah happy I think we're talking over each other but I'll just continue you know I mean it's it's a very competitive environment for the first time we're seeing almost a thousand candidates we're seeing over a hundred women candidates people are really feeling that there is a possibility of change in the air but I think they're also realistic you know we can't expect too much but I think what's also interesting that's happening is that the the election campaigning is very different than in past years so we're seeing kind of different political culture emerging in Lebanon different political practices so it's also about I think the race itself not necessarily the the outcome so I mean I think that we're seeing a lot of issues being raised for the first time people are really questioning the leadership and what they've done for the past 10 years the fact that they have canceled the elections the fact that that we're sitting in a almost a toxic waste in here in Lebanon today as a result of some of their failures so there is some accountability there are some questions that are happening right now and I think it's the first time that most who are actually excited about Lebanese elections that are outside of the political establishment Victoria you're campaigning right now how are you campaigning different that you might not have done has there been a succession of elections one after nor after another in fact I'm campaigning like against power and against million of dollars well while I come from a civil society background and then this is what would define my campaign it's it's a natural one counting on people counting on canvassing everyday going from a region to another spending time on the streets talking to people to people in their stores in their garage in their again going to knock door do door to door to to canvass to talk to them and even doing activities special activities and different from the standard ones like participating and rally papers or doing the training over a fire camp and even for the billboards like I didn't pay for any billboard I don't have any billboard I launched a campaign on Facebook saying that on the neighbors balconies and then I had my friends my family my neighbors calling me to put my photos on their balconies without because I can't afford billboards especially that they are they are like everywhere you should see the streets to understand talking about well it's that face-to-face contact that you're having that I think is really making an impact on people at least that's what people online are telling us and nylons know that you've been doing some of the same going door-to-door talking to people on the street I wanted you to take a look at this tweet from Samir he says if you're Lebanese and age thirty chances are you've never participated in parliamentary elections the current government extended its mandate three times since 2009 without a referendum since 2009 several crises have emerged in Lebanon garbage crisis refugee crisis regional conflict human rights violations the youth expect a rational response to these issues and yet the situation keeps getting worse so nyla you could see this as as the youth seeing this as their chance excitement that they get to change the or are they looking at it as same old as usual what are people telling you when we can we can really see the excitement really on the streets and while working with the volunteers with all the youth who will be as you said they will have the first chance to vote we have more than 600 600 thousand Lebanese young ladies and and men who's gonna vote for the first time and as the treats were saying I mean we went through a very extremely critical phase over the past nine years but it wasn't only about crisis well of course the current political parties are they they really showed that their performance is extremely weak but on another note and I tend to be positive we managed and we succeeded to accumulate many achievements on the social level from social movements from a very different campaigning we managed in 2016 to be a very major actor in the municipal elections and then also be managed on the Union level so it's not it wasn't only about crisis's but I would say that we are succeeding in building a very serious solid sustainable reformist platform and hopefully the results are going to be extremely positive and the parliamentary election and the major achievement that he managed to do is to group everyone on the same table and to have a national coalition in nine districts in Lebanon which is extremely extremely challenging but we managed to do it and I think this is one of the major achievement and it's going to be a push and it's going to really motivate and mobilize people to vote for alternative new political parties so one of the aspects of this upcoming election is the impact that young people may actually have on this election the United Nations Development Program talked to young people in Lebanon about what they wanted what are their demands have a look at this video I will read through some of them young people's demands I just I just want to say in my country young people want to work with a good salary more powerful civil society and respect for minorities in Lebanon they can't continue their master degree because it requires a lot of money then how can young people achieve their ambitions security in Lebanon to create jobs to improve security and economy we do have competencies but if you don't have connections then you have enough ain't long alright Nadine so many that's a big wish list for what young people want I suspect that's what most people in Lebanon want the the key issue for you in his upcoming election is what the key issue is for those young people to know and realize that this is not an election like any other election and may 6 is not an ordinary day it can be a historic day and they have to be part of this historic day it can be a historic day because for the first time in our margin history many young people are voting like you mentioned and for the first time we have an introduction of the proportional system that will allow dependent candidates out of the traditional political establishments that are mainly political dinosaurs have a chance to really represent the young the women all the marginalized citizens who have been neglected for decades and their conditions of living and their basic rights and services so we have an opportunity I want to specially address this to the young people they have an opportunity today on May 6 to really be represented in the next parliament which is a major major step forward so you mentioned political dinosaurs there there are some yes is running a parliamentary candidate who would probably agree with you at least on that point have a listen to Lucien who whose and does this comment I'm a writer and a director and I'm also an activist and running for the parliamentary elections happening this Sunday in Lebanon mostly running because we as citizens of Lebanon most of us have lost any kind of confidence or trust and people who are supposed to be representing us in Parliament especially after they self extended three times for themselves and also given trust to government's who have failed to provide basic very basic services for the Lebanese people so happy you heard his issues there and as we've heard there is a new system in place that could change some of the things he sees as problems this is Christian on Twitter who says with this new system you have the chance to vote for a representative who doesn't need to satisfy one of the blocks to gain political influence some of the voters might think that it's more difficult to vote when you have more options and some of them think it's a great thing so happy what effect do you think that this new electoral law will actually have in practice well it's it's a new law and in some ways it's a very complicated law I'm not sure that everybody understands it but the good thing about it is that it allows more than just one winner you know the winner-takes-all system that we've seen a lot of even Western democracies here you know the first and second place get to get both some seats they get to split seats and so this opens the opportunity for more groups to possibly you know slip into power even if they don't get the majority of votes so it's an interesting development there could be some surprises so that's that's new right having surprises and Lebanese politics is unusual because usually the political bosses and the establishment parties they really control everything and they've also of course you know they've gerrymandered the districts in a way that suits them so obviously there's still that so it's not an ideal situation but it is it is a bit of a change it is opening some opportunity and giving people some hope I think it's very important to have a little bit of hope I'm in Lebanon la people have lost hope and they're very apathetic about elections they believe nothing will ever change in the country but I think change is really inevitable and it happens in any environment and we are living in change today just by virtue of the fact that how Nayla said that you know they've organized this national list before independence weren't able to organize very well and so there's a whole machine of organizing and gain people together that that's very new and that's the kind of work that needs to be done so in some ways I think we're seeing a laying of the foundation for change in the future even if it might not happen right away I just thought to say one thing Habib I totally agree with you that for these elections it will be based on hope while for the previous elections it was always based on fear or on hating the other group or the other party it was like a result of the war that we lived and now these elections is 100% based on our hope of building a new Babylon because when we talk about 66 candidates this is more than half of the parliament which means that we are really presenting a new way of doing politics because we just need it we just need to see that politics can be done in a different way because the old way just didn't work so nyla I want you to help us unpack this electro row because you are a lawyer so you can you can be my wing woman so I want to take a look at the electoral law it was passed last year then if I say anything wrong you can just correct me live on air I'm very humble with this one so for nearly 30 years the seats in Lebanon's parliament have been allotted 5050 between Muslim and Christian sects did I get that right nila yes all right for that division yes yes sir that division state in place underneath with revised law so this is what is new this has never happened before what is new is that voters in 15 districts must select a list of Ally candidates plus they're favored individual candidate in a proportional system and that replaces the previous winner takes all raw what do you think I mean it's hard no before we actually have the election but do you think that's gonna make a significant difference Nayla well of course it well first the first I think the first difference was introducing the idea of campaigning based on a program and not based on one person or one leader because in the majority in an electoral system the idea was okay you have the leader of this party of or this confession and then whatever program they have it doesn't really matter what is extremely interesting and the proportional law and this is what we've been fighting for for the past like 4050 years is that based on this list and based on this proportional system and the fact that we have a group of people who are candidates in one list this means that the fight is between programs and not between persons and this is why people are having more confidence in our lists because we are putting a program on the table we are putting a discourse on the table whereas the other political traditional parties unfortunately they are still stuck and you know that this threatening messaging and fighting each other on personal basis and just condemning each others without putting something substantial and that would speak to the people's needs and to the people's demands and to their people's general interest so I think this is the fridge first achievement that we already did during the campaigning and I'm I'm certainly and positively sure that the results even if we're not gonna win the 60 succeeds I mean the fact that we are running together the fact that we're gonna have substantial results that will be our credit to build on after the election in order to have a sustainable reformist platform we not were working on anything to get in there because clearly we have some pots on what you're saying true I would like to change a little bit in what I've been hearing from Habib mainly all the political analysts that tend to consider that we have no chance to win this is not correct and I don't agree with it I think we do have big chances to end because they always have been a tendency to consider that the elite the political elite the establishment elite has been elected by all the Lebanese people this is not true the maximum the maximum score they do not represent all the Lebanese people they represent to the maximum half of the Lebanese people so you have half of the the other half of Lebanese people who do not feel represented at all by this political establishment and they have to know and understand and realize that they can make the whole difference to make a difference and be part of the change they are aspiring for and change this political Jurassic Park we're living in into a real democratic country that we dream of and up to our ambitions what's very important is for the other half the new voters to understand that and not to listen to the established or Gnostics that we're not gonna win maybe we'll win one maybe would win 7 maybe we'll have few wins I do not agree at all with such a statement Nadine I hear you're there now and I see how many once I see happy but also want to jump in but I want to bring in our community because there's one point here that we haven't talked about but it's obvious if you're watching the show and not just listening and that is the number of female candidates that are part of this this year's poll so this is Doha Metheny she says Lebanon currently has a record number of women running which is absolutely thrilling our country continually elects the same old men into Parliament and it'll be great to get representation for women especially considering how long it took to repeal a marital rape loophole loophole that that's a separate issue there but someone else here has a little bit of caution Lena says after rejection of a 30% quota for women candidates women had to fight harder to submit their candidacy and hopefully some will win seats echoing you there Nadine but she says women's presence doesn't necessarily mean power for women and that women and politics will support women's interests Victoria do you want to pick up there yeah sure you know the problem and the list that we have now is that the political parties the traditional political parties did not nominate women from within the parties they only get I would say help from independent women to make sure that they have women on the list but it doesn't mean that they are giving them the preferential vote while in our list in Kelowna what analysts we were aiming to have 50% of the of the candidates women it we only got 30% which is good already but it's not because we wanted to have just the 30% quota this is what we were able to do in a short period but the women on Kelowna what analysts all of them are not there just to have women on the list they are there because they deserve it and if they get to the Parliament they will be talking about women issues national issues because we do believe that any issue is related to women in the same time it's the long fight we know that but a lot of chances are there for women to vote and I think that women voters will show that in the ballots in few days I want to go back to her babe Nadine IKEA come straight back down we want to go back to happy because we do have that longer delay with him via his Twitter page here her be adding some color to this conversation a new independent parties inspire change Lebanon's political establishment reminds us why changes needed supporters of Prime Minister Saad Hariri seen here painting a camel in his party colors if these parties cannot respect animals can they respect humans I want you to look at some of these pictures here and here and here and like Nadine was saying that you don't reckon that the interplant indepent parties are going to do that well but this change is needed your response is what – Nadine my response is Nadine well I think that you know I I don't I don't disagree that there's an opportunity for a change I think we are living in change right now I think the independents are having a big influence on this election because of the issues they're raising the way they're campaigning for example we're seeing independence at a trash dump with masks on campaigning whereas we're seeing how did he for example the political elite you know throwing big parties lavish parties giving away free gifts just a lot of you know actually abusing the public spaces abusing animals even you know just kind of taking over the spaces putting their posters everywhere and so there's a real interesting contrast that's being drawn between the traditional campaigning and the new campaigning which focuses on issues and not just plastering your face everywhere or tell people they have to vote for you out of fear so I am I am optimistic I think in the long run but I think we have to be realistic as well we can't underestimate the power of the political parties they will win by and large most of the seats we all know that and why is that though is it because people are backwards no I think we have to consider the context of Lebanon we're coming out of a war in Lebanon it's not the war leaders are still leading the country to the war and sometimes it's still on in the country so we're still in a kind of a warlike environment we're in a crisis environment there's a lot of opportunity to exploit people and so let's be realistic at least and say that you know we are building a platform we are changing the discourse I've even having platforms is it a change in Lebanon the candidates are also these are lady Victoria Mina where at the end of the show I know I keep you for next three hours and we'd still be discussing the election all right may the sixth you will follow it on al-jazeera English I'm sure thank you so much guests for being with us today conversation continues online as always hashtag aj stream so be sure to be with us for our next episode of the stream we will be looking at well Press Freedom Day we will examine the challenges that journalists face of societies across the world are ever more divided so be sure to keep your comments coming on Twitter and YouTube thanks for watching see you and I you

EU Leadership: European parliament inaugurated



now a new European Parliament has been inaugurated in Strasbourg politicians will submit their candidates by the end of Tuesday they will elect a new president for the Parliament on Wednesday but many leaders say they'd actually prefer the election to follow the appointment of the European Commission's presidents just to explain to you what is at stake here and how it all works the presidency of the European Council which is elected by the council itself that's this man Donald Tusk the council presides over the 28 member states of the European Union then you've got the European Parliament which elects the President of the European Commission who will replace jean-claude Juncker in addition the jobs of EU foreign policy chief and the head of the European Central Bank are up to be decided as well and the EU Parliament also chooses its president its new session was inaugurated on Tuesday as we say after the elections in May not easy to keep up with but we've got two men to help us out here in a moment we will talk to Lawrence Lee in Strasbourg but starting with Nadine Barber in Brussels tell us about the situation there the the difficulties in electing the leadership kamaal immense difficulties reflected in the fact that the the resumed meeting between the EU leaders has been delayed it was supposed to start an hour and a half ago it's now going to start in roughly half an hour's time behind the scenes Donald Tusk the man you were talking about the head of the European Council having a series of meetings with those EU leaders to try to find compromise and that's something that's in short supply right now what we've seen in the last few days is basically a push back against a plan that was hatched at that g20 summit over the weekend which would have seen Dutch MEP Franz timmermans as socialists take the top job of the head of the European Commission the legislative body which proposes laws which oversees national budgets and so on there's been a pushback against him just in the last two hours Poland's Prime Minister has said that it's going to be very difficult if he's if he is still seen as the the leading figure check the Czech Republic's prime minister says that his appointment would be a total catastrophe where do we go then we don't know the center-right grouping in the European Parliament the European People's Party all along nominated a man called manfred Weber a German MEP as their candidate but he fell out of the running over the weekend so it's not clear there have been a series of alternative names put forward by the EPP and some people are now saying that Germany's Defence Minister Ursula von der Leyen is being proposed as an alternative from the center-right but it's really hard to say how long it's going to take yeah okay so netting barbers in Brussels with that news as we say Lauren sleaze over at the European Parliament in Strasbourg maybe Lauren so you can pick up on that point that Nadine was describing about the stalemate and tell us how Parliament could play a role in breaking that yeah you see what the thing that's really interesting is what usually happens is that the there's a proposal for a new Commission EU Commission leader that's made in Brussels and it always gets rubber stamps frankly by by the Parliament here but whereas what's happening now because everything in Europe is is is up for grabs is because the Council of Europe can't decide who its nomination is then the European Parliament thinking well look if you can make your mind up then when we come to elect our European Parliament president tomorrow maybe we can start to tell the European Commission what to do instead of them telling us what to do and that and that's one thing that's been really important because because people think the European Parliament is powerless people don't even know who their MEP is half the time and all it is is seen as a sort of rubber stamping operation so consequently you have this free Sun of excitement here and a welter of nominations for the head of the European Parliament job from people ranging from Polish guy on the populist right to a Spanish socialist and the the co-leader of the greens car quelle heure they've all put themselves forward because they think this might be our moment to make the European Parliament a bit more relevant and instead of them telling us what to do all the time we're not going to start to set out our own rules and so in that sense it's actually quite an important moment of course if if him over in Brussels when a team is if they choose someone today then probably we're back to where we always always are but it is one of those moments where you think the European Parliament does have an opportunity to make yourself feel a bit more important than it sometimes seems to be so how does that makeup of the Parliament after these new elections how does that sort of change the balance what does it all mean well I mean I mean clearly that that sense of them feeling a bit empowered obviously is completely telescopes and magnified by the new makeup of the European Parliament from the European elections last month when suddenly you have yes you still have the European People's Party the center-right still the biggest block but decreased and on either side you are the Liberals and the Greens rising up and the the populist and the hard right you have this the spectacle of the brexit party from the UK which is now the single biggest political party inside the European Parliament they all turned their backs inside the chamber when when they started by the European anthem you got the Catalans protesting outside because we German isn't being allowed to take his seat because of the Spanish objection you've got all these different groupings that are now basically saying we're not a rubber stamping exercise here right we're just not going to do exactly what they tell us to in Brussels and that more accualy seems to me to reflect what what's going on inside european citizenry and society and so you know the people who had a career here don't like change because they like really like things as they are but you could absolutely argue that you know this more noisy aggressive confrontational european parliament is really good for democracy good stuff that's lawrence Lee at the European Parliament in Strasbourg thank you