Europe’s Debt: America’s Crisis? – Big Government

ultimately a vast majority of current elected officials are career politicians, and they want to keep their job. And if the public pressures them to act and holds them accountable for failing to act, then they will ultimately change… because many of their top priorities is to keep their job. There are a number of common denominators between countries, and some of the challenges that exist at the federal, state and local level here in the United States. In many cases, governments have grown too big, promised too much, and waited too long to restructure. I think we just don’t know how to use money. I know that people my age never expect to get Social Security benefits. Hopeful, but I wouldn’t say very optimistic. A lot of people claim that the problem is still the slack capacity, unused workers. Why not just increase demand, employ all those workers; put those factories back to work… Well, it’s important to look at the cases that actually have been working. For example, take Sweden. We have decreased taxes, we have deregulated, and we have cut down on government spending and in 2011 we made a budget surplus of 10 billion dollars. A single data point, right? Look at these other countries: Greece, Spain, Italy – they’re all depressed. The problem is slack capacity… excess capacity….too many workers unemployed. Let’s put ’em back to work. How do you get workers back into the employment ranks? You gotta increase demand for what they do. The only way to increase demand for what they do is for government to spend more, because the private sector isn’t doing it. Well, this is the things that Keynesians always say: Just pump more money into the economy. But it’s important for us to look at all those times we have implemented these kinds of theories and the results have always been devastating. Japan in the 90s, the U.S. in ’01 and ’08. What we do need is free man, free markets and productivity. We as persons are good, we can create things. But we can’t do it when we are… buried under a burden of government regulations.

Do You Know Gun Laws In America?

– (FBE) Today, we’re going
to be discussing a very serious and sensitive topic. Gun violence in the United States. This is something FBE has covered
in the past, but we felt the need to
bring the conversation back as more and more
of these events occur. We will not be naming
any of the shooters or giving them any attention. This is solely about the discussion
of the ongoing issue in America. – It’s a genuine epidemic
at this point. It used to just be
like a scary, like you’d hear about it every once in a while,
but at this point, it has become casual news. – This happens all the time now. Like I’ve gotten to the point
where I’m just like, it does affect me, but not
in the way that it should any more. – Yeah.
– I think that’s a problem that a lot of younger people face. – Back then, growing up,
we didn’t really have to worry about shooters or anything like that. Mainly the only thing we really
worried about were earthquakes, and fires and lock down
drill at school, and now there’s a whole procedure for classes and for students to be prepared
when something like this happens. – Having experienced the things
that have happened, I think that we need
some sort of stricter gun control. – I’m a big proponent
of the second amendment. I think I should have
the right to bear arms, protect my family,
somebody, intruder or something, come to my family,
I have the right to protect myself. But I just think AK-47s, AR-15s, only military should have those
kind of weapons. What does a civilian
need them weapons for? – Yeah.
– Who you going to war with? – When everyone brings up the argument it’s like oh, I think
the government’s gonna take over. Like I think it’s so invalid, because think about already
all of the corrupt things that our government is going,
the government’s literally gonna come knocking on our doors
and taking our guns. That’s not how that works. That’s not how that situation
should even be perceived. – I was reading an article, and it talked about people
being afraid to even go out. – Doing whatever it takes,
so that, you know, we can have our citizens
go to a movie theater or a school or wherever,
a Walmart! – Going to the grocery store, just going to get
a gallon of milk or something, and somebody comes in
and then all of a sudden your entire life is just completely
different, completely changed. – Personally,
I’m a little sick and tired of someone coming out and going “well what about my
Second Amendment rights?” Well, how about my right to live? – (FBE) We will be showing you laws
in other countries, and we’ll see if you know
the U.S. laws that are comparable. However, every state
is a little different, so we’ll be focusing only
on the laws that apply on a federal level in the U.S. If you know any state laws
that are comparable, please feel free to talk about them. – I have a feeling this might be
very depressing. – Yeah. – I’m gonna go out on a limb
here real quick, and I’m just gonna say
that probably all of these laws that you’re about to show
do not exist in the United States. – (Alberto) A maximum penalty for
aggravated firearms trafficking across national and state borders
is life imprisonment. – (FBE) And for the record,
firearm trafficking or arms trafficking is broadly defined
as the illicit trade of contraband, small arms and ammunition. – That’s why Australia has less…
– Gun violence? – Gun violence.
– The gun violence is lower out there? – Yeah, significantly lower.
– Yeah. – Ever since they had their
mass murder in the mid ’90s, and immediately reacted. – I’m tellin’ ya, America,
they just, I always say, America, we love our guns out here. The United States would never pass
this law right here. This wouldn’t even get to the Senate
or Congress floor. (laughs) – Yeah.
– They would kill this on sight. Oh no! – I think this law is acceptable.
It’s not too crazy, and I think it’s right that
life imprisonment is… – I think it’s a little harsh,
from my perspective here. – Yeah, I mean, it’s a long time. – (FBE) So do you know if
there’s a law like this in the U.S.? – Well it’s, firearms trafficking
across national and state borders? No, there’s not,
because you can buy a gun in Nevada and bring it over with no problem. – (FBE) There is actually
no federal U.S. law on firearm trafficking. So basically a person in California,
which has really strict gun laws can buy a gun in a state
with more relaxed gun laws and carry it over the state border. – Mm. – I agree how like states should be
able to create their own laws, because when it comes
to like minimum wage, everyone needs a different one, but I think when it comes to
something that’s very important like guns, there should be
federal laws that are unmovable, no matter where you live. – Let’s put it this way.
It could not hurt to have a universal law
across every state, which made it perhaps more
challenging for people. – Yeah, absolutely, because there is
the loophole with so many states, like we have individual laws,
but we still are one nation as a whole so we need rules across the board. – We have so many people
in all 50 states have a different personality. In California, you have more,
city, metro, you know, it’s different than people who
say from Montana, Wyoming, you know, the cowboys, the hunter,
type of thing. So, I think that each state
is totally different, and I don’t think that you can
have the agreement of all. – I don’t think our country as a whole
will even agree to a law such as this,
mainly because we’re all different. – Northern and Southern
California alone is totally different. – I mean, we have to have laws. It’s like some people say “Well, the bad guys
are gonna get ’em anyway.” Then why do we have laws at all? Drunk driving is a really good,
cars don’t kill people, drunk drivers kill people, right? Okay, so did laws stop drunk driving?
No, it did not. There’s still drunk driving accidents
all over the place, but when we started really
regulating some things and put tougher laws on drunk driving, the fatality of drunk drivers
decreased significantly. – I feel like just overall,
everything needs to be more strict and people need to start
getting punished for stuff like this, and then maybe people will start
getting it through their heads and start listening.
– We’re only on law one. – I know!
(both laugh) – An applicant for a firearm license
must pass background checks which consider criminal,
mental, addiction and domestic violence records. I know we do have background checks
and I know it’s, I want to say it’s something similar,
like you can’t if you have a record, a criminal record, but
there’s ways around it, I’m assuming. – But again, I don’t think
that’s for the whole country. I think that’s state specific. – That just feels like common sense.
– Common sense. Background checks, criminal records,
mental addiction, and domestic violence.
– 100%. – 110%. – And I think that they should
have to renew their license every couple years and that same
background check should be run. – Doing a background check
for mental illness and mental, addiction, criminal
and domestic violence, that should definitely be
like a basic law that is required
in purchasing a firearm. – There are no background checks
for gun shows. – Yeah gun show loop is zero. – (FBE) Do you know the U.S. law? – I don’t, I know at a federal level
there’s a law that’s tightening restrictions
and background checks that’s currently passed the House,
but will not be heard by the Senate. – I know that some states
have background checks, but federally I don’t believe
there is this law. – Everybody should have to
go under a psych evaluation and everything like that. They should have to fill out
why they want the firearm. – Are people gonna break the laws
and get around this and a get a gun?
Of course. But imagine just the drastic amount
that you’re gonna reduce people that shouldn’t have guns
from getting them. Because it’s like adding
these different gates, right? Like if I can’t get past
the first gate because, you know, I’ve got
a criminal background or mental something, whatever, and then they’re like
“oh you know what, I can’t get a gun,
fine I won’t get a gun.” And then some people
will stop there, right? So now we’ve already prevented
this first layer. – (FBE) So we do have the Brady Handgun Violence
Prevention Act, which requires background checks
from specific arm dealers. After the implementation of the National Instant Criminal
Background Check Sytem, the transfer of a firearm
can be legally completed after three days,
even if the background check is not completed.
– That’s ridiculous. Three days is so short,
and you need a lot of time to actually dig up peoples’ records, and now it’s kind of like
a free for all, especially for background checks. You can look at someone’s social media
like their school records and see lists and lists of things
on anybody. It’s gonna take way longer than that. – So basically you can
get your gun already, and the background check
hasn’t come back yet? – (FBE) Yeah.
– Yeah. – Gah, I’m a gun owner too.
– Yeah, a gun owner too. – I got two guns.
– So this is like for yeah, see here’s a point. – I got two handguns.
– Yeah. – I had to go through
background checks. Federal and I had to wait,
I had to wait to get my guns. They were like yeah,
we’re gonna do state background check and then the feds came back
and it was like okay, “you’re good to go”.
I was like “cool.” Now I bought ’em in Delaware
where I’m originally from. When I came here,
I had to register them here. – But honestly, like my brothers,
they’ve gotten it done, and I’ve gotten it done. The background checks,
it takes 10 minutes to do and it’s so easy, they just go
and they run through your stuff, and like, that’s it. – (FBE) We don’t even
federally require you to have a gun license
to obtain a gun. – Amazing. I mean, you have to have
a license to operate a vehicle. You should have a license
to operate any other machine. – Things that could kill you.
– Yeah. – Motorcycles could kill you,
could kill somebody else. You need a license. A car, you need a license. The idea that a gun has
less of a process of education and testing and you know,
going through something to get a license is like insanity.
– I disagree. I think you don’t really need
gun license to get a gun. I’m a big believer
in Second Amendment rights. I think the right to bear arms. If I gotta go get a gun license,
somebody come in my house and trying to come get
me and my family, I could shoot ’em right there
dead on the spot. I don’t need to be able
to practice on the gun range
to do that. – I would disagree with that one. I really feel like
education would help. I think if you own
a gun in this country, especially in this day and age,
you need to jump through some hoops to show that you are
a responsible citizen, up to and including education,
and your mom and dad should sign off on it,
I don’t care how old you are, Don. (Don laughs) – If you look at the research
of countries with mass shootings and gun violence based on
the number of guns they have, America’s the leader.
– Mm-hmm. – So if this helps get rid of guns,
that would be a good thing. – Mm-hmm, and I know
the argument for a long time was like “oh, well criminals
aren’t gonna buy their guns legally,” but at this point,
like a huge majority of the people who have done shootings
and everything have had them legally. – You know where that
Brady law came from, right? – I’m not aware. – When President Reagan was shot,
one of the guys by him that was shot in the head was Brady.
– Gotcha. – And so it took someone on
Reagan’s staff to get shot in the head for a Brady law to come about. – It’s ridiculous that it has to take
somebody important getting injured…
– Not a six year old, mind you. We don’t do anything if six year olds
are massively shot. – (Alberto) If a person has been
diagnosed or treated for depression, substance abuse, previously
denied a license, accused of domestic violence
or behavioral emotional problems within five years prior to applying
for a firearm license, they are subject to an investigation. – This is determined if the applicant
is fit and proper, mentally stable, potentially has
a tendancy for violence, or addicted to substances.
No, we don’t have anything like that. – That’s a really good one though,
because it’s very specific, to where you, if you’ve had
any of this on your record, you’re still gonna be investigated,
and it should be a long process, is the thing, this isn’t just like
a willy nilly purchase. Just like oh, you know.
– Oh, I feel like a gun today. – You know what, I’m gonna go
buy some new shoes and a gun today. It shouldn’t be like that. – (FBE) Do we have anything
like this in the U.S.? – No. – I’ve never heard of it. – When it comes to like
our mental health and stuff like that, I think
that’s something that should be looked into more aggressively
than just a criminal record, because I think a mental diagnosis is something that
you can’t control at all, and with medications,
it does make it worse, so I think that’s something that
we need to look into harder and in more detail. – From what I understand,
most of the people who’s committed,
there are certain depressions. You know, they were saying
they were bullied by people, they were outcast, it’s very similar
type of situation, you know? All of ’em, experiencing
to react to that. You know, they said
“oh, I’ve had enough of it, and this is what I’m gonna do.”
Laws and rules is good, but you need to do prevention before
get to that point. – (FBE) Do you know if
our background checks are this extensive?
– Heck no! – No they’re not. – I went to the gun shop
to buy, got my guns, and I had to wait like seven,
it was like seven to 10 days. – But did they investigate you?
Did you ask you any of these questions, like…
– No, the dude said once you do your application,
he was like “Yo they’re doin’ the background check,
we’ll call you in like seven days.” Must’ve been good, so like
I don’t even know what they did. All I can think of they did
is just went and make sure you have no criminal history,
make sure you probably had no felonies or anything like that,
or anything crazy, that’s probably it! – The mental health crisis in America
is also just like a big thing as well, because it’s not taken seriously,
because it’s an invisible illness. Going back to the past things
that have happened, they were very much premeditated,
and I don’t believe that they were a result
from mental illness. I don’t think that you necessarily
have to have a mental illness or be depressed or whatever
to plan something out and go do something
as horrible as that. It was just an anger-driven,
racist, thing. – Racism is not a mental disorder.
– No. – It’s a learned thing. And all these people spouting off
their big pie hole that says “it’s not a gun issue,
it’s a mental issue.” Okay, great! Let’s throw a [bleep] ton of money
at getting people help mentally, instead of cutting it! – Demonizing mentally ill people
like if you have a mental illness, you’re gonna go mow down
a movie theater full of people or kids at a concert
or school, like… – But you do agree that
mentally ill people shouldn’t be able
to get access to a gun? – 100%! – If you’ve been diagnosed with it. – Mental illness is not why
people shoot guns. People shoot guns
because they have guns. – Well and statistically, the deal is
if there’s a gun around, it’s going to get used.
Particularly on suicides, so, if, and sometimes I feel like
the whole mental health thing is kind of used as an excuse.
– Absolutely. – So instead of saying, you know,
this is domestic terrorism… – Yep. – It’s oh, well
it’s a mental health issue. Maybe it’s a mental health issue
for everyone. – (FBE) While we have
background checks, and individuals who cannot get guns,
we don’t have the same emphasis on persons
with mental illnesses. We focus on criminal backgrounds,
persons discharged from armed forces, persons charged with domestic abuse, and being committed
to a mental institution. – It’s one of those things, not every person
that has a mental illness or that has tendencies
to do said things, or have like said intentions
has been diagnosed or has done anything before
that’s documented. – And I think the issue is is that
a lot of people don’t get help, so it is a harder thing
to do a background check on, which is why it should be
a longer process, because you should have to evaluate
someone’s mental sanity. – How do you just
determine mental health? Is it I’m gonna be honest
and put it on my record, you know, check here if you have it?
– Mm-hmm. – And people aren’t gonna be honest
about that so it becomes kind of an issue of
behavioral and emotional prompts. How does that manifest,
what’s the criteria for that? – I don’t know what kind of database, and law enforcement
that you’re gonna have to track everything there is
come across. Even though you have the law set up, I don’t think that
any agency able to carry through. – It’s also very hard to qualify,
because I had middle school students who I tried to get help for,
because I felt that they had mental health issues,
and when you have a parent bucking you on that,
it becomes a very challenging issue. Where because, “well you don’t like
my kid because you’re saying there’s an issue there.” So it has to be something that we
remove some of the stigma… – Yeah.
– That says “oh there’s something
wrong with you.” It’s a support system,
and it’s fixable. – I think anyone
can benefit from help. Anyone, even if you’re
completely fine, have never had an issue in your life,
everyone can benefit from some sort of help. I’ve been going to therapy
since I was, I think 12, and I have never stopped going,
and it’s just, even points in my life, I’m completely fine, it’s still
like the most refreshing thing like of my, every couple weeks,
to be like okay, I’m gonna sit down and sort out my mental health. – The challenge with having that
in the United States is now take a look
at how many police officers are brought up on charges
of domestic abuse or complains of domestic violence. Now you’ve got yourself into
a little pickle, because if you say people who
have domestic violence history can’t have firearms,
and you have a lot of, not all obviously,
but a pretty good percentage of police officers who have
domestic violence in their history, now what do you do? – Possession of a gun may not be
permitted if a relative or spouse living with the applicant
can be expected to pose a threat to the life or property
of other persons, within reason. Oh, there’s an interesting clause. Now, correct me if I’m wrong,
but doesn’t Japan have a very low number of guns
in the country? – (FBE) They have been regulating guns
roughly since the 17th century. – Yeah.
– Oh wow! – So.
– Okay. – So guns there, must, the problem
there must be suicides then. – I don’t know how difficult it is
to purchase a gun in Japan, but I know, I say, some of that area,
every bullet they have to record it, you know, that you purchase. – Yeah, in Vietnam, they’re very
strict with their gun laws. – Exact, like you know, and most of the guns
on the street is illegal. – I feel like it could be
something in some states, but I don’t think it’s a federal law. – I’m gonna go with they don’t
even have it in states, because then that would require
a background check. – That’s true.
– Or interview even, with people who
live with the applicant. – (FBE) There is
no federal equivalent. – The Sandy Hook shooter,
his mom owned the guns, but she wasn’t mentally,
he was mentally ill, but she wasn’t, she was fine,
she was at work. – You know a person you’re living with
is mentally unstable, and you have guns around,
and they’re accessible to that person, you’re culpable. – I think that’s also another thing
we should incorporate into gun laws is having safes that are fireproof
and there’s some that are explosion-proof, and they’re not
even that expensive. Like yes, they’re a hundred
or 200 dollars, but you’re also insuring that your son
doesn’t accidentally grab the gun or your son doesn’t go on a rampage
or somebody else you know what I mean? So I’m taking a more conservative side
when it comes to this law, just because like I said,
I think something else that we can do that
this law’s just too vague. I just don’t agree with it. – I think it should be
a little bit more strict as well, because it does endanger
the people in the household, and endangers the neighborhood
and the people around them. – (FBE) Do you think we could
implement something like this in the U.S. if we looked into it? – I think this would be
a great additive, because you should look into
the people around you. I think I read something that was
if a woman has a gun in her house, she’s 10 times more likely
to die from gun violence. The reason a lot of people
do own guns is to protect yourself, so the fact that it can
put you back in more danger is very scary.
– Yes, and remember anything you protect
yourself with can ultimately be used against you.
– Be used on you. – (FBE) What are your thoughts
on the Second Amendment? – So it’s a well regulated Militia,
being necessary to the security of a free State,
the right of the people to keep and bear arms
shall not be infringed. – I think law, like myself,
law-abiding citizen, I believe you, in your house,
you should be able to keep, you know, bear arms in there. I mean, I think certain guns,
like handguns, certain guns, I think, should be outlawed,
but I think you should have a right to protect your family,
protect yourself, in case of intruder or something,
should happen inside your house. – This simple sentence
is what the NRA and people that think it’s okay
to have military grade weapons hang their hat on,
shall not be infringed, period. It’s non-negotiable. That’s, one gun is all guns. One musket from the 1700s
is an AK-47. – Yeah there’s definitely
a difference between… – Right, exactly.
– What the military uses. – And it doesn’t…
– And what our homes should have. – If you can kill nine people
in 30 seconds, that’s a problem. – If you’re looking for something
that can do that, why? – This is what’s done.
– It was done long ago. – 200-some years ago,when
we were fighting with the British. That we do need to bear arms,
you know, in case they attack us, is a totally different time.
– Times have changed. – Exactly, you know?
– We don’t need this. – I don’t want a gun. But it doesn’t mean I want to say
that nobody should have guns. But there has to be something
put in to place to help us get somewhere better
that we’re not shooting each other. Whatever time you feel like
was the “good old days,” we’re not there, it’s done, it’s over.
We have to change the way we treat each other,
or we’ll never, we’ll never fix these problems. – Yes it is your right
to have that gun. It is your right to have that handgun,
it’s your right to have that rifle, and that shotgun. But God damn it, you’re gonna have to
go through some things. You’re gonna have to get a license,
you’re gonna have to get a background check,
you’re not gonna be able to get that gun
until that license and background check come back.
You’re gonna have to wait two weeks. You’re gonna have to wait two weeks until you get ammunition
for it as well. And every year,
you have to renew your license. – We’re not trying to take away
your guns or your right to have them. We’re just trying to make it
stricter so these guns can’t get in the wrong hands. Like you said, everybody should
have to go through this extensive background check
and have to go through a psych evaluation, and have to
get the right documentation and the right paperwork
and the right license, and have to renew it every single year
because, one, things can change, your intentions can change,
you as a person can change. – We are still a democracy.
So thats kind of the beautiful thing. We can believe in our
Constitutional right. We can keep the,
we can preserve the Second Amendment and still change things so that it’s not so simple
to kill people. – You can keep these guns,
but we gonna take away these certain guns, that’s it! – (FBE) The president,
in a recent address, has proposed red flag laws
which would allow law enforcement to take guns
away from individuals who are believed to be a threat
to themselves or others. This is also supported by
gun control groups and mental health advocates, however they believe it will not
solve the problem. How would you feel about
a law like this? – Well, I mean,
the fact of the matter is nothing’s gonna ever solve
the problem. So if you’re looking for
that oh, this one thing is gonna solve the problem,
then you’re an idiot. You know, we have to
go at this. Let’s start there,
but the thing is all these people are getting killed
and nobody’s doing anything! Nobody’s doing anything! – Sometimes I feel like
it’s just rhetoric. And every time there’s a tragedy
we talk about it, and we talk about it,
and we draw committees and the committees are gonna
talk about it some more, and I go at some point,
something has to happen. – We’re gonna stand by
and watch the weaponry get more and more sophisticated.
The carnage more and more, the children, petrified. I mean, my daughter has
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder because she hid under a desk. Like sincerely, there was a kid
that brought a gun to school, and she wasn’t in
an active shooting situation, I can’t even imagine
what those children who survived that or the families that
lost their children go through every single day
to listen to nonsense! That we have to preserve
some antiquated bull[bleep] law from the beginning of time? You have kids almost voters
in Parkland, Florida. – They still was like…
– They fought so hard, and brought a nation to its knees
weeping, and nothing changed. – You want to get these politicians
out of office? Go the election, vote!
– Yeah. – (FBE) You’ve learned quite a bit
about how other countries do things, and how they compare to us. Do you think some of these laws
would work here? – Hell yeah they could work!
– Of course. – Domestic violence, if somebody
been accused of domestic violence, boom, you know what I mean? It’s all type of red flags
you could do, put them laws in it. But they not gonna pass
them things in Washington. – You have to get out and vote!
You have to! – I grew up in the country,
and it was common. It was common to go
to a friend’s house and the parents or the dad or whatever
had a gun in the home. I was taken out to shoot the guns, so I could learn as a kid
how to properly operate a gun and I was definitely told
you know, the negative, the consequences of what could happen. – I think it comes down to education
when it comes to guns. You know, if you raise a kid
on a gun, and you teach them exactly, you know, the dangers of it.
How to operate one and stuff like that you’re less likely
to see these things happen. There are some things
that we could do that will have a huge impact,
and that maybe a lot of people won’t like, but it’s something
that we have to do, like for example, the Australia law, literally if you get caught
smuggling anything, you’re screwed. – I think the one from Australia
is not gonna work here. You know, life imprisonment, you know. To have either guns or bullets,
you know, on accessory that goes with it. – I do agree with South Africa’s laws,
with a lot of background checks. A lot of tests to make sure
this person is mentally stable to own a firearm. I will believe that
guns don’t kill people, I do believe that people kill people,
and that’s why I do believe that there should be stricter laws
and regulations for people who want to purchase a firearm
or people who have them. – We should, you know,
advocate and implement it perhaps. And take it slowly,
it’s gonna take a while for people to accept and adjust
and get used to, just like anything else. People need to get used to it. – I think we need something
larger scale at the moment, because the difference between
their laws and our laws is we already have so many guns
in our country, our issue needs to be
how do we control what’s currently happening,
and then how do we also regulate the continuous purchases. – Reduce, yeah.
Anything would be better than nothing. – Yes. – Start with doing something,
instead of just talking about it. And whatever law you make,
someone’s gonna be unhappy about it. – Yeah.
– But at some point, you go, “you know what?”
– It’s better than nothing. – And it isn’t just gonna solve
mass shootings, it’s gonna solve all the shootings
that are going on all over the country.
– I lived in Orlando for about 15 years,
and the Pulse shooting. I mean, that was in the backyard. When you’re so close to it,
it’s just a moment of like how, is this real?
Is this a dream? And then you start to see
people posting things or friends that had friends
that are now gone. – My best friend was killed
point blank at her own concert. Christina Grimmie. She was an amazing person,
first of all. For some reason, security let
this sketchy-ass guy into the venue wearing,
I believe he was wearing a trenchcoat, from what I read in the police report. She loved everybody, I mean everybody. She had nothing but love
in her heart. And so she goes to hug this guy,
and she was shot, I think twice in the abdomen and once in the head. The gunman tried to pull his gun out
and shoot Christina’s brother, as well, but it jammed,
and then he freaked out and pushed himself against the wall
and then killed himself. Just innocent lives in general are taken in literally
just a split second. So senselessly, because any
person with any intention ever can own a gun.
She was on The Voice. She was doing more and more shows.
She had toured with Rachel Platten. She was amazing and talented
and kind, and had just everything in the world
going for her and it was ended for no
[bleep] reason. There is actually a charity called
The Christina Grimmie Foundation in Christina’s honor,
and all of the proceeds go toward helping victims
and families of victims of gun violence, whether it be
helping them get therapy for their PTSD
or whatever they need it for. Helping pay their mortgage,
helping pay funeral costs, helping pay any bills, groceries,
whatever. – Thank you so much
for being strong enough to share that. – Thank you.
I’m gonna give you a hug.

North Korea Nuclear Test: UNSC Response and Diplomatic Challenges

I think the main action initially is really
going to be through the U.N. Security Council and in fact we’ve already seen a strong statement
released earlier today condemning North Korea’s actions. What we don’t know yet is
whether or not that condemnation will lead to a stronger resolution that might be passed by the
Security Council and what specific implementation measures the Security Council might authorize
as really essentially punishment for North Korea’s defiance of past Security Council
resolutions. One thing about the Security Council resolutions that has been the
case in the past is that they’re necessary as a means by which to express disapproval, but
they’re clearly not sufficient in advancing our efforts to come to grips with the challenge
posed by North Korea’s nuclear program and its development and its continued development.
So I think that the really hard part of the puzzle surrounding North Korea at this point
for policy makers is figuring out where the space might be to fashion a strategy that
would actually prevent further development of the program. North Korea has
removed a lot of this space for diplomacy and response to the test by taking a rather strong and condition based approach to renewed diplomatic engagement. They’ve laid down their conditions
for what they would like to achieve in renewed diplomacy with the United States. Those conditions
are really not acceptable from a U.S. point of view. I think the most challenging and
difficult and sobering part of this is how do you bridge the gap that might enable diplomacy to be renewed alongside some of the coercive measures that the Security Council
will have to authorize.

US Government’s Secret Plan For A Zombie Apocalypse

Are you a fan of TV shows like The
Walking Dead if so I’m sure you’ve pondered this question before what if we
had a zombie outbreak well it’s not just you and your couch questioning this in
fact top US government officials in the Pentagon have also thought about this
and that’s why the United States Department of Defense made something
known as conop 8888 in 2011 I’m Charlie and today we’re going to look at the US
government’s secret plan for a zombie apocalypse first before we get infected
why not subscribe and press the notification bell – on the 30th of April
2011 the US Department of Defense released acorn on a strategic command
Corner is a concept operation this is basically with a military think of
events which could happen and prepare for them these are used in real-life
training sessions for the US military and of course are enacted in real life
if these events actually ever take place but this concept operation known as
conop 8888 is like no other that’s because it’s known as counter zombie
dominance this is a real-life white paper you can download which describes a
plan for defending against zombies the document depicts various scenarios of
potential zombie attacks and also provides military training and planning
inside the document zombies are described as horribly dangerous to all
human life they say zombie infections have the potential to seriously
undermine national security and economic activities and it says that having a
population composed of zombies is a big risk to the USA and its allies you may
think this is some kind of joke but in the report it actually says this plan is
not designed as a joke planners from the USS T or ATC om in Omaha Nebraska
planned this all out this organization employs personnel from all branches of
the military and national defense services this zombie plan was made to be
secret and it was for three years until a report by foreign policy made it
public in 2014 well it’s comprised of
five phases well it’s comprised of six phases phase zero is shape this phase is
how things are basically what it means is the US military needs to begin
training against zombies in phase zero no zombie outbreak has happened yet and
basically it’s the world we live in right now so technically we are in phase
zero as we speak but now let’s move into phase one known as deter this is when
the zombie outbreak begins the report says that unless these zombies are
controlled in some way by a nation state they cannot be reasoned with
and because of this the US military needs to get ready to defend itself from
zombies phase two is known as seized the initiative this is when things really
start to kick off the report says at phase two all military units need to be
able to deploy within 35 days troops will then begin to head out to the
infected areas and provide security and aid they are also quarantine the area to
make sure nothing goes in or out anyone who’s been infected and turned into a
zombie will be contained or may be taken out and if anyone is injured but hasn’t
been turned into a zombie they’ll be given medical aid and if one exists an
antidote to make sure they don’t become a zombie next moves on to Phase three
dominate this phase sounds kind of scary and that’s because it is the report says
they would need to control zombies through superior firepower
this basically means blasting the zombies to bits with all the weaponry
the USA has this includes any firearms tanks aircrafts or explosives if needed
the US military would also need to build shelter that would last up to forty days
if the worst-case scenario happened hopefully during phase three all zombies
would be taken out or at least they would be contained in an area so no one
else can get infected then would come phase four known as stabilized
stabilized in foals repeating steps two and three until everywhere is rendered
safe they would need to search for and destroy all remaining threats meaning
all zombies still live in apparently they would do this by deploying counter
b-team these would be elite teams of soldiers to weed out pockets of zombies
conop 8888 says zombie resistance pockets would spur all over the country
this is where small factions of zombies would congregate together and try and
gang up against the army for phase 4 to be complete all of these pockets of
zombies would need to be taken out then if they would move on to phase 5 restore
civil authority during this phase the zombie threat is gone but this does not
mean the damage hasn’t been very widespread the entire country and maybe
even the world will be a very different place
it may be totally destroyed and the US military would have to restore civil
authority this means they would end mob rule going on and they would make sure a
stable government is in place in the USA and around the world phase 5 the final
phase would very much be about rebuilding the world and there we go
that’s conop 8888 broken down phase by phase so it’s basically for US and
international law to regulate military operations as far as human and animal
life goes under this operation there would be no restriction on hostile
actions against pathogenic life-forms this includes zombies and robot entities
so maybe if AI robots take over the world
conop 8888 will come into play the report also says these operations will
not just be domestic in fact the report details how the entire world would need
to respond to the zombie outbreak and it also describes how the USA would
communicate and cooperate with its foreign allies and enemies but where
exactly these zombies coming from well the report actually does break this down
one example of zombies they say are pathogenic zombies these are basically
humans who turn into zombies via a virus this is sort of what you see
in movies and TV shows like The Walking Dead
they also detail robot style zombies this is kind of like all of the AI robot
terminators stuff we hear about in the news seeing as AI is growing more and
more powerful maybe this will become reality and they
also mention radiation zombies this is where zombified life is spread via
radiation maybe this could ever happen if there
was ever a nuclear explosion or a nuclear plant blast they even talk about
evil magic zombies brought out from a cult experimentation also Space zombies
created by aliens also weaponized zombies created by the USA’s enemies and
even vegetarian zombies similar to the game plants vs. zombies but if the
report mainly talks about pathogenic zombies which is spread through a virus
right now the government does not have an official stance on whether zombies
can be a possibility or not but conop 8888 does make a mention of chicken
zombies right now these are the only kind of zombies which have
scientifically been proven to exist in 2006 zombie chickens were seen crawling
out of piles of compost in California USA these were chickens who had passed
away but had come back to life thanks to a nearby power plant but just the
government knows something we don’t if not why would the Pentagon spend all
the money and time creating conop 8888 well they say it’s simply for
preparatory and training purposes but of course if we ever did have a zombie
outbreak this report would become reality and come into play so now you
can get prepared yourself and know how the government would respond if zombie
outbreak ever took place but now it’s time to make your voice heard vote in
the poll in the top right corner do you think they’ll ever be a zombie
apocalypse in real life if you want some more amazing videos why not check out my
second channel they’ll be linked to that on screen in a moment but as always
thanks for watching check out some more videos on screen right now leave a like
if you enjoyed and if you haven’t already what are you waiting for
subscribe to Top 10s

USA Military Actually Has A Zombie Plan – This Is It (Conplan 8888)

You wake up one day and groggily rub the sleep
out of your eyes. After a few moments you’re alert enough to
reach for you phone- time to catch up on all the messages and instagram likes and facebook
posts you missed during your sleep. Except your phone’s not working, you have
no service- and that should be impossible because you recently ditched T-mobile. Shrugging, you reach for your laptop and flip
it open, double-clicking on Firefox because Safari and Chrome are trash browsers. Oddly, Firefox also refuses to load. You check your laptop’s connectivity and sure
enough, no service again. Weird, you think to yourself, as you throw
on some pants and check your desktop- which also has no internet connection. Now edging to a full-blown First World panic,
you head downstairs to make sure mom paid the internet bill. You find her there, in the kitchen, aimlessly
mixing something. You can’t quite tell what it is because she
has her back turned to you, but you think you hear her slightly… groaning? Hesitantly you call out to your mother, who’s
body suddenly jerks as she turns around slowly, moving very, very stiffly. As she turns to face you, you’re horrified
to see her dead eyes staring at you, and with a growl of “brains!” she leaps for you! You make a run for it, rushing outside and
fleeing for your life, but the neighbors spot you and take off running after you too! In seconds you’re being chased by a mob of
zombified relatives and neighbors, and they’re almost upon you when you turn the corner and
suddenly hear, “Get down!”. Instinctively you duck down, and in front
of you a military patrol in humvees opens up, .50 caliber machine guns chewing the zombies
to pieces. Overhead you hear the roar of jets as 500
pound bombs are being dropped all over your former suburban neighborhood. Welcome to the zombie apocalypse. The previous scenario has been a staple of
science fiction for decades, and stories of zombie apocalypses have thrilled and terrified
generations of humanity. Yet for the United States military, the zombie
apocalypse is no laughing matter, and they have a plan to stop it dead in its tracks,
pun fully intended- Contingency Plan 8888. The United States military regularly creates
think tanks who’s jobs are to envision future conflict or disaster scenarios, and then draw
up military and civil responses to address these threats. Throughout the years American war planners
have created plans for everything from nuclear war with the Soviet Union, to an enemy invasion
of the US mainland, to responding to a massive asteroid or comet strike on the planet earth. Incredibly, the US military also has several
contingency plans to combat an alien invasion, and that’s no joke. These plans are highly secretive, as are other
contingency plans, and present military options to combat a variety of different alien invasion
scenarios- at least as best as our limited technology allows. Yet one of these contingency plans is unclassified,
and has been public knowledge for years- that’s Contingency Plan 8888. Originally ConPlan 8888 was developed as a
teaching tool for American military planners. It was meant to be a fun exercise that introduced
new war planners to the complexities of developing realistic response plans to a variety of contingencies. Because of the threat of war plans being made
public, the instructors behind the original ConPlan 8888 exercises wanted to use a completely
fictional scenario, rather than using realistic scenarios with real nations that could be
misconstrued in the public eye as an actual war plan. Because the US military actually has realistic
contingency plans to counter an alien invasion, it was decided that zombies presented the
best option for developing a ‘practice’ war plan to allow students to learn the ins and
outs of military planning. However, just because ConPlan 8888 was developed
as a teaching exercise and not taken very seriously, does not mean that it isn’t a credible
and fully functional plan, and if zombies ever did kick off an apocalypse, ConPlan 8888
would be there to save the US from extinction. So what does ConPlan 8888 involve? First, the plan addresses the threats from
a variety of different types of zombies. First is the PZ, or pathogenic zombies. These are zombies who are created after a
host is infected by a virus, bacteria, or other form of contagion. Next are Rzs, or Radiation Zombies- these
are zombies created by extreme exposure to electromagnetic and/or particle radiation. EMZs are evil magic zombies, or zombies created
by an evil, occult force. Szs, or Space Zombies are zombie life forms
that originate from outer space, or created by the toxic contamination of the earth’s
environment by an extra-terrestrial source. WZs, or weaponized zombies, are zombies which
have been developed in a lab somewhere to be used as a military weapon, perhaps deployed
by a foreign adversary. SIZs are Symbiant-induced zombies, or zombies
who are created by the introduction of a symbiant life form into a healthy host. The symbiant keeps the host alive, but acting
as its personal puppet. VZs, or Vegetarian zombies, are zombies who
do not feed on flesh- human or otherwise- but rather who feed on plant life, such as
zombies from the Plants Vs Zombies series of video games. These zombies pose just as great a threat
to humanity due to their appetite for vegetation which can cause massive deforestation and
the destruction of food crops. Lastly, the plan addressed the threat posed
by CZs, or Chicken zombies, which are the only type of zombie that actually exist. These zombies are produced when chickens are
improperly euthanized with carbon monoxide and left in a pile of bodies, only for the
still living chicken to crawl its way out of the pile and walk around until organ failure
kills it. Next the plan moves on to discuss the effect
of the environment on both zombies and the surviving human population. It notes that pathogenic zombies will be vulnerable
to ultraviolet light, thanks to UV light’s ability to impair the function of RNA which
comprises most viral life forms. Thanks to this sensitivity, pathogenic zombies
are not expected to be active during noon or in bright, sunny conditions, and will likely
be active at night. Evil magic zombies, space zombies, vegetarian
zombies, and weaponized zombies are believed to be immune to any extreme meteorological
phenomena except for fires, floods, tornadoes or tsunamis. For human survivors, the plan stresses the
need for rainwater conservation, seeing as most public services will no longer be working. Also ground water or stream and river water
is not recommended for drinking, as it will be unknown if it could be a vector for zombie
infection. Humans who don’t shelter-in-place in locations
that protect from the direct effect of air currents also run the risk of zombie infection,
if the pathogen or zombification source is airborne. From here, the plan moves on to 5 phases of
response to a zombie outbreak. Upon news of the dead rising from their graves,
or evil wizards creating zombie hordes, the US military will initiate Phase 0 of ConPlan
8888. This phase is also called, ‘Shape the Environment’,
and will focus on giving US warfighters as great warning time and strategic advantage
against the zombie hordes as possible. Military and civil agencies will monitor disease
vectors for possible zombification, identifying any ways that infection can spread and taking
precautionary measures. With constant monitoring the US military will
be ready once the outbreak reaches critical levels, or is unleashed in full inside North
America. All military forces will engage in renewed
HAZMAT training as well as Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical warfare training, already a routine
part of US military training. Phase 1, Deterrence, will begin upon receipt
of a WARNORD, or Warning Order, by US strategic command. In a normal war plan, this phase of planning
involves displays of military power so that foreign adversaries are deterred from hostile
action. Because zombies cannot be reasoned with or
intimidated however, other forces which could further spread a zombie plague or aid in a
zombie apocalypse, such as terrorist groups, adversary nations, and unethical bioresearch
companies are targeted instead. Phase 1 will see the US military initiate
large-scale training meant to show any would-be human collaborators that the US military can
still operate within a toxic and contaminated environment, hopefully deterring evil bioresearch
companies or terrorists from aiding the zombie apocalypse. Phase 2, Seize the Initiative, will begin
upon receipt of an alert order by US Strategic command. This will immediately initiate a complete
recall of all military and reserve personnel, and the immediate implementation of all continuity
of operations plans. COOP (co-op) plans as they are known are meant
to ensure that no matter what happens, all of the major military commands are able to
continue functioning, as well as the civilian government. The plan will deploy all ground, naval, and
airborne command and control nodes, with preparations to remain deployed for at minimum 35 days. This will ensure that the US military remains
in control of its forces no matter what happens next. US Strategic Command will reach out to potential
adversary nations such as Russia and China and inform them of preparation for counter-zombie
operations, conducting confidence-building measures to ensure these nations don’t believe
the mobilization is using the zombie threat as a cover for military action against their
own countries. The US Air Force’s Global Strike command,
in conjunction with assets from the other services, will immediately generate forces
for strike missions against zombie horde concentrations not just here in the US, but abroad. The rest of the US military will immediately
begin fortifying civilian defense zones and enforcing quarantines where applicable. Phase 3, Dominance, will initiate a massive
American military response against the zombie threat. Combat operations must be swift and completely
eradicate zombie concentrations, as even a lone survivor can reignite a zombie outbreak. Cities and other major population centers
may need to be indefinitely blockaded by military forces while the civilians are relocated to
more remote areas. Phase 4, Stabilization, will begin no earlier
than at least 40 days after the initiation of Phase 3 operations. US military forces will begin initiating local
reconnaissance operations in order to determine the strength of surviving zombie forces. They will also locate isolated pockets of
survivors and shepherd them to secure areas, as well as survey the status of basic civil
services such as power, water, sewage and lines of communication. Recon forces will also conduct surveys of
the epidemiological security of the local environment, ascertaining if a lingering zombie
infection threat is still remaining. Phase 5, Normalization, will see US military
forces aid in the reestablishment of civil authority. Commercial and civilian infrastructure will
be repaired as best as possible, and the restoration of functioning civil services will be a top
priority. ConPlan 8888 aims to prepare the US military
to stop a zombie apocalypse dead in its tracks, and highlights the specific actions that local
forces need to take in order to ensure their survival and the continued ability to fight
back against the zombie hordes. The plan does highlight some current strategic
limitations however, such as a lack of a dedicated counter-zombie military task force. There is also the difficulty in ensuring a
zombie is truly neutralized, though the plan does recommend that military forces burn all
bodies thoroughly. Other strategic limitations include the inability
to maintain airborne command posts in the air past a week. This is because while in-flight refueling
could keep airborne command posts operational for a month or perhaps even more if needed,
the air fields that support the tankers which would fuel these aircraft would likely be
overrun by zombies very quickly. There are also serious defensive deficiencies
for many of the nation’s ground-based command and control nodes, as few command and control
nodes within the United States are hardened facilities capable of withstanding a relentless
horde of zombies. ConPlan 8888 recommends that facilities maintain
a stockpile of lumber and train their personnel how to weld, so they can better secure their
facilities against outside intrusion. Lastly, the plan warns that there is little
useful scientific data to be used by the US military to counter a zombie threat, and war
planners may need to turn to popular media for inspiration on destroying the walking
dead. There is also a dire warning within ConPlan
8888 that of all the different types of zombies that the US military may have to face, evil
magic zombies may prove to be the most difficult to defeat, as they are animated by evil magic. The plan suggests the recruitment of the Chaplain
Corps to combat this threat. Do you think any plan could really stop a
zombie apocalypse? What type of zombie would you be most afraid
of?! Let us know in the comments, and as always
if you enjoyed this video don’t forget to Like, Share, and Subscribe for more great
content… before the zombies eat all our brains!

One Day With A Diplomat – Один день с дипломатом

Have you ever wondered what it’s like to be a diplomat? Well, now it’s your chance! Come join us for a day in a life of Kristina Hayden the Public Affairs Officer of the Consulate General here in Yekaterinburg I’m sure you can see why it’s gorgeous here And usually I will start my day by checking my messages. Today I’ll be having a reception after we do a hundred other things And the reason why we’re so busy today unfortunately like most days, is that we have a speaker here Right now we have Jana Morimoto. She is a costumer, and she is here from Los Angeles So, each day I may receive about fifty emails and they do with all our different programs And I’m looking at things like what’s on our home page Here you can see that we have a
congratulation message for the women’s basketball team because we have five American players on that team and then I also check our Facebook and Twitter pages and I always comment on our various postings in Russian since that’s a majority of our
audience So, we’re in the end of March, and it’s still snowing just as it did back
in December, but this is the Ural region! This is how we work and we always get things done Part of my job is to invite a speaker from America to communicate with you So, we’re on our way back from an event at a ballet school Yesterday Jana was talking to a group of fashion students Today she was talking to a group of ballet students. In just a week we can get a whole different group of people and show them something about America This is a reason why I have invited Jana Morimoto to talk to you So, we are here at lunch. It’s always important to feed our speakers So, today I brought Jana to one of my favorite restaurants. I had two seconds to change my clothes into something more comfortable since we have a full evening ahead of us Jana and I both agree, solyanka is one of the best soups. Ever! I love traditional Russian food: borsch, golubtsy, – they’re all great dishes. We are heading to a festival for The Sun Kids, a Down syndrome organization We are inviting the U.S. Public Affairs Officer, Kristina Hayden Dear friends! We are so glad to take part in the event today, and we are glad to cooperate with the Sun Kids NGO This is the organization we like… Now it’s time for me to get ready to hosts guests So, let me show you a few the tricks of how I can host a reception on a really busy day Most of the things I’ve done beforehand, and my meat-balls are perfect example. I cooked them last night I’m just reheating them inside of a sause A Cobb salad is going to include iceberg lettuce you’ll also have chicken, bacon, blue cheese, tomatoes, and I’ll add some zucchini I love to cook and I think that hosting receptions at my
home are a great way to allow people to relax, be
comfortable, and just chat with each other Ok, so, now that I’ve finished putting things together for the party I have a few seconds, I can show you something
about my kitchen I don’t collect a lot of things most of the things I collect have to do with cooking because it’s my
hobby so, two of my favorite things are these: These are trivets which I use for hot plates. Different famous places in Key West, famous restaurants, or locations And my other favorite thing is this tea set which I bought when I travelled to Istanbul I would like to introduce Jana Morimoto, our guest And I hope that you will like our menu So, the guests are gone My crazy day is over Here’s what it’s like to be a Foreign Service Officer Tomorrow I’ll say goodbye to our costumer Jana Morimoto who will start home, I’ll clean up from my party, and will start it all over again


hey guys its jenn so a little while back i went to this place called Carmel It’s in California. It’s like north of Los Angeles. I drove there and spent the weekend and then when I got back I discovered that apparently there is a law there that prohibits people from wearing heels that are higher than two inches. And now I’m just confused. Like b*tch.. what if I want to step the f*ck out! in Carmel! So because of this I decided to google other weird laws in the US. Turns out there are a lot of laws that are just as weird in every state of the United States. Now I don’t know if these are real. I found them on the internet, but I’m going to just say ‘Yes they are real’ because ~everything~ that you read on the internet is always true. Like there is never false information on the internet. I believe everything that I see on the internet. Anyway! Your probably wondering.. Jenna why are you telling me this? I don’t care. I am telling you this because… I, being a newly turned 20 year old, adult woman citizen of the United States. Decided that for this weeks video… I gonna break some weird US laws. Right here. Right now. But don’t worry guys, its fine. These laws only pertain to their specific states. So because I’m a California resident… I’m not going to get in trouble. So let’s break some laws! Like, who would have ever guessed that I would ever say that into a camera? Apparently… (pronounces Arkansas wrong every time from now on) In Arkansas it is illegal to pronounce Arkansas wrong. Alright… Like, what if a was a child? The word Arkansas is probably confusing to a child. I mean, it does not look how it sounds. ’cause it looks like it is pronounced ar – can – sas Wait, do you hear that? ar – kansas ar – can -sss- sauce? ar – can – sass [SCREAMS] I’m like a criminal. I’m a criminal, I’m a criminal. In Alabama, it is apparently illegal to, and I quote… What about Halloween though? Is there like an exception for that holiday? Like, is there some fine print that I just did not read? Do they not sell this costume in Alabama? I don’t know, but honestly like, I am really excited to break this law. Because, I’ve always wanted to put on a nun costume. Like, I think it would suite me really well. Here’s my garb. What is this piece of garb? How? OK, this is supposed to go on your? Is this for everyone? like this? [laugh] AAAA! Honestly a look, like an everyday look. My God, YESS! Get me in this! OMG its ripping! Alright, well. That’s about the extent of this law. Apparently… In a certain town of Georgia, It’s illegal to eat fried chicken with anything other than your hands. I have this box of KFC, filled with fried chicken. Honestly like, I hate fried chicken. Unless KFC wants to sponsor me, then I ~love~ fried chicken. It’s so good. Look at this like.. [laugh] what? Like, what if a girl just wants to use a fork? I want to meet the person who is on patrol. Going door to door. Making sure every single person inside their house is not eating fried chicken with anything other than their hands. Honestly, like I would love that job. I’m not even being sarcastic. Apparently, in New Jersey it is illegal to slurp dick. Apparently in New Jersey it is illegal to slurp your soup. I mean I, like if any of these are real, it’s this one. * slurp* *more violent slurps* Apparently in Hawaii. It is illegal to to put a coin in some… [Knock at the door] Knock, Knock, Knock, Knock [pounding at the door] Coming.. [quicker pound-pound-pound] Cop: Its the police! Cop: I’m coming in! Jenn: I’m sorry, please don’t arrest me… Cop: I heard you breaking laws in here! Cop: This! Jenn scared: I… It was only a couple laws… Cop: This! Risky business! Cop: Your life is…
Jenn: I’m sorry.. Cop: fucking over! Cop: Get on the ground! [arrrh!] Cop: Get on the ground! Jenn: I just make videos on the internet, Jenn: Like ICarly. Cop: Get! Get down here! Cop: AUGH! GET! DOWN! Cop: I don’t want to hurt you!, but Get Down! Cop: Get Down! Jenn: Its just one video [in audible] Jenn: Five laws, but it’s in like just one video. Cop: Oh it’s fucking hot. Cop: Your Life Is Over!! Cop in devil voice: ITS OVER!

What Do Europeans Really Think About Americans?

– Anyone wanna try out an
American accent for me? – Yeehaw! So, howdy partner. We goin’ down go do some shootin’. (playful music) – Hi, I’m Ben and right now
I’m traveling through Europe and I figured I would ask
Europeans along the way what do they think of Americans? Let’s go find out. I want you to be as honest
as you can, all right? – Yeah. – So what’s the first thing
that comes to your mind when you think of Americans? – Ooh! (laughs) – Loud. – Loud. – Loud. – I would say loud. – Pretty loud sometimes. (laughs) – Loud. Everyone says loud. – Friendly. Like nice. – Good teeth. – They like to drink beer. They’re nice people. – They like drinking as does Austrians. – Enthusiastic. – What’s the first
thing that comes to mind when you think of Americans? – Hm. Superficial. (laughs) – We like Americans. They are always quite cool. They like fast food. We don’t like that so much, but when we are there we enjoy it. – I mean, the stereotypes is like- – [Ben] Yep. – …kind of fat and all that. – Fast food. – They eat a lot of food. Like the portions are like really big. Burgers and coke. – Food very fast. – I think of fast food restaurants. Five Guys. I love Five Guys. – [Ben] Okay, so of all
the things about America, the one thing you can think of- – Yeah and I think of Trump too. – Donald Trump. – Trump. – Just like Donald Trump, isn’t it? Everyone hatin’ on him
or absolutely lovin’ him. It’s like one of the two. – I like, uh, the Trump. Yes? – You do? – Yes. (laughs) I like it. – What do you like about Trump? – He’s mean about the world
and about the situation now. – You like him because he’s mean? – He’s very racist. He doesn’t really know
anything about politics. – When you see like Americans,
they’re really open-minded. They’re…like most of
them are really smart and we can’t understand that
Trump is your president. – That’s a big laugh, you know? People voted for him. You
get what you voted for. – Like I know basically everyone
in Europe is against Trump, but I think they needed a change. I just think that the two coasts dominated and there’s so many people in the middle they don’t get heard and
they’re finally getting heard. – I do like in America
that everyone’s kind of, If you’re born there, you’re American, and if you’re from another country and you’re moving to Austria
and your children are born here you’re still like,
“Yeah, I’m from Austria, “but, you know, my
heritage is this and that.” – America is the land of
change, of opportunity. – Actually, I think of
the American dream like, This way from the
dishwasher to a millionaire. You can make everything if you just wanted to make it and do it. – I think like people look at America and they like idolize it. You know like, “Oh it’s America.” Yeah. Everyone wants to go to America. – I was pretty keen
about going to America, but I think the whole
Trump has put me off. I’m not as keen to go anymore. It wouldn’t be the top of my list. – I just don’t see what
you need to have a gun. – I think Poland’s guns
are really hard to get, still kinda illegal. – And here, it’s not
that easy to get a gun. – There’s far too many guns in America. Of course their laws need to be restricted and it’s really hard for us to understand because in Ireland there is no guns. The police aren’t armed. It’s just so systemic in your culture. I don’t know how you could change it, but you definitely need to try. – It’s a big country, you know? – [Ben] Yeah. – You’ve got big problems. – (laughs) We do. – Yeah. (playful music)

The Curious Case of Certain States

There’s one state in the US that likes to
brag about how independent they are. Saying that they have a provision in their
constitution that says they can leave the union whenever they like… or that they can
fly their flag at the same height as the US flag because they’re the only state that
used to be an independent republic. If you haven’t figured out which state I’m
talking about, it’s Texas. Because of course it’s Texas. But none of those statements are actually
true. In case you missed it, this is somewhat of
a followup to my American Empire video a few weeks ago, so if you haven’t already, give
that a quick watch. Don’t worry, I’ll still be here when you
get back. But before I talk about Texas, it’s worth
mentioning that not only is Texas not the only former independent republic to join the
United States, but it’s also not even the first. Quick, name the original thirteen colonies! Okay obviously I can’t hear you, this isn’t
Dora the Explorer… so you can stop now. If you’re an international viewer, or an
average American, you were probably going to get it wrong anyway. Let’s name them all together, shall we? If you didn’t already know, the US flag
has 13 stripes to pay homage to the original 13 colonies. Let’s start at the bottom and work out way
up. Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, Virginia,
Maryland, Delaware, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Connecticut, Rhode Island, Massachusetts,
New Hampshire. Notice anything missing here? I’d give you a second but I don’t want
this to be another twenty minute long video so… Vermont. Vermont isn’t on the list. Vermont was not one of the original thirteen
colonies. After the United States declared independence
in 1776, Vermont broke away from Quebec and formed the Republic of Vermont, which fought
alongside the United States as an independent republic. They also got land from the neighboring states
of New York and New Hampshire because it was assumed that it would eventually join the
union. But since there was no Constitution until
1789, there was no statehood process… so it governed itself as an independent country
for 12 years. Everything about Vermont indicated that it
couldn’t wait to be part of the United States. It’s motto, Stella Quarta Decima, means
the fourteenth star and its great seal had a 14 branched tree. So finally, in 1791, it became the fourteenth
state – and the first state to actually join the United States. After the US gained independence from Great
Britain in 1783, it was also given the large area known as the Northwest Territory. Under British control, the area was going
to become what they called an “Indian Barrier State.” Or rather, a place to put all of the soon-to-be
displaced Native Americans from the east coast. When the United States took over, that plan
was still floating out there in the ether… but as more and more white settlers began
moving to the region, the proposed area set aside for the Native Tribes, also known as
Indiana, got smaller and smaller. In the War of 1812, many Native American tribes
fought alongside the British, because the British promised to reinstate the plan to
establish Indiana as a buffer state. Unfortunately for them the British lost and
in 1816 Indiana became a regular old state. However, as part of the peace treaty, the
British made America provide Native Americans with their own independent lands, which is
the beginning of the reservation system. Unfortunately, part of that deal did not include
where these lands had to be. At this point, the US had acquired the Louisiana
Territory as part of the purchase I discussed in the last video. So they picked pretty much the most inhospitable
tract of land they could, Oklahoma, and in 1830 signed the Indian Removal Act. Which didn’t actually mandate the removal
of Native Americans from the Southeastern US… but pretty much yeah, mandated that
the tribes be relocated. You’ve probably, hopefully, heard of the
Trail of Tears in 1838, which was when the Cherokee were forcefully moved from Georgia
to what was then called the Indian Territory. And when I say forcefully moved, I don’t
mean deported and put on a plane. I mean they had to walk the 1000 miles on
foot, where 20% of them died along the way. Not exactly the United States’ proudest
moment. Indian Territory was never going to be an
independent country, but it was going to be an autonomous region of the US. Much like reservations today. Part of the United States but like, not really,
but… yeah, totally part of the United States. All of that ended though when Oklahoma, despite
being smack in the middle of the country, became one of the last states to join the
union in 1907. Surprisingly, despite the original plan, almost
none of present-day Oklahoma is reservation… So try to figure that one out. But let’s get a little less depressing and
a little more south and talk about Texas again. Texas was originally a state belonging to
Mexico. By the way, the official name of Mexico is
the United States of Mexico (United Mexican States depending on translation). Structurally, it’s pretty much identical
to the United States of America. But anyway, the area that became Texas was
heavily settled and colonized by Americans… so much so that Mexico banned American immigration
in 1830. This didn’t make the American settlers very
happy, so in 1836, Texas fought for its independence from Mexico. Have you ever heard the rallying cry “Remember
the Alamo?” It’s one of those famous sayings from American
history. Which is odd, because it wasn’t American. The battle of the Alamo was part of the Texas
Revolution. And it’s not like it’s kind of sort of
American history, because when Texas kind of sort of won its independence and petitioned
for annexation, the United States didn’t want it. Possibly because they didn’t want to start
a war with Mexico… yet. So Texas governed itself as an independent
republic, recognized by the United States, but not recognized by Mexico. It extended all the way up into present-day
Wyoming. Citizens of the Republic of Texas were called
Texians, or Texicans… or my personal favorite, Texilingans. Just let that one sit on your tongue for a
minute. I swear, I couldn’t make that up if I tried. They didn’t settle on the term Texan until
it became a state, in 1846. Texas was by far the largest state to join
the union at the time, so there was a plan to break it up into smaller parts. But that was abandoned because that would
create too many slave states and outnumber the free states, which would wildly upset
the balance set up by the Missouri Compromise. So while there is no provision in the Texas
state constitution allowing it to secede whenever it wants, there IS a provision allowing it
to break up into five smaller states whenever it wants. That’s pretty unlikely, but… it is there. CGP Grey did a video a few years ago about
the intricate details of Texas seceding, link down below, but spoiler alert, it can’t. The other myth, that it’s the only state
allowed to fly its flag at the same height as the United States flag is also just a myth. The US Flag Code states that the US flag must
always be higher than any state flag, it doesn’t make an exception for Texas or any other state. Texas law also doesn’t say anything like
that. BUT, if you’re that convinced that the US
and Texas flag should be at the same height, on different flag poles, the US flag should
be to the flag’s right, or observer’s left. Which is the military position of honor. If you have a bunch of flags the US flag should
be at the center, center right if there are an even number. I don’t know why you needed to know all
of that… but now you know. *The more you know*
Anyway, Texas joined the United States in 1846, at the start of the Mexican-American
War. Which was actually much more about California
than it was about Texas. Alta California was a state in the United
States of Mexico; if you’ve ever wondered why there is a Baja California in Mexico and
you don’t speak Spanish, that’s because Alta means high, and Baja means low. So High and Low California… kind of like
North and South Carolina… Anyway, that doesn’t matter. California declared its independence from
Mexico on June 14, 1846 and formed the New California Republic. Okay if you didn’t see that coming you obviously
don’t watch my channel very often. The republic lasted a whole 25 days before
it was annexed by the United States. It was around this time that America was all
about dat Manifest Destiny, and they really wanted territory on the Pacific Coast. California, like Texas, was full of white
American settlers, so they weren’t really opposed to the idea of annexation. When America won the Mexican American War
in 1848, an area the size of the Louisiana Purchase was ceded, including California,
Texas, and everything else north of the Rio Grande River. That same year, gold was discovered in California,
but it took a year for everyone in the east to hear about it – so the huge wave of migrants
during the Gold Rush are called the 49’ers. And now you know why the football team is
named that. California became a state shortly after that
in 1850. But we weren’t done getting land from Mexico. A few years later we bought a little piece
of land in modern day Arizona and New Mexico in order to build the first transcontinental
railroad, but that plan got derailed in 1864 for some reason. I actually made a video about that a while
back too if you’re interested. But California wasn’t the only former republic
to be annexed. During the Spanish-American war in 1898, which
I also talked about in a previous video, the United States really needed a friendly harbor
somewhere in the Pacific Ocean in order to help with their invasions of Guam and the
Philippines. So they annexed the Republic of Hawaii. *South Park Clip* No… nobody calls it that. It’s actually kind of depressing how accurate
that episode was …. I grew up in Hawaii… I’m not a native. But because of that I know Hawaiian history
ad nauseum. Ready?! Be more excited please. The Hawaiian Islands were … re-discovered
by Captain James Cook in 1779. The same James Cook that I talked about in
my Ant- Okay you know what, just assume I’ve touched on all of these topics before and
go watch my previous videos. Just like Native Americans, Hawaiians like
to look back on their history as if it were ultra peaceful. Sorry, but Native Hawaiians were people too. The British didn’t like having to trade
and deal with so many small islands and chiefs, so they helped Kamehameha *Kamehameha* unite
five of the islands in a war that took fifteen years, ending in 1795; the other two islands
joined peacefully in 1810, thus creating the Kingdom of Hawaii. He was super brutal and slaughtered hundreds
of men. Remember that famous cliff scene from 300
that I’m not going to show you because of copyright? Yeah, that actually happened (Battle of Nuuanu). At spear-point, Kamehameha’s army drove
over 400 people off of the cliff at the modern-day Pali Lookout. Anyway, being smack in the middle of the Pacific
Ocean, Hawaii was a prime trading and military location. Many countries were looking at taking it over,
but its distance from everywhere made it almost impossible to claim. Perhaps predictively, the United States became
its primary trading partner. But because of Kamehameha’s affinity to
the British, they made this the flag – with the union jack in the corner as if it were
part of the British Empire or Commonwealth. It never was; the British never recognized
it or claimed it as part of the empire. It was kind of like putting a fake ring on
it so when the United States came perving around Hawaii could say they were already
spoken for… but they totally weren’t spoken for. A few decades later the flag was changed to
this and has stayed the same ever since. Hawaii primarily grew sugar because of its
tropical climate. And just like Texas and California, it didn’t
take long before white settlers were the primary business owners and wealthiest people in the
kingdom. Over the decades the Kings and Queens slowly
gave up power in favor of a constitution and a more parliamentary style of government. But in 1893, when the last Queen tried to-
what you think I can’t say that? Queen Liluokalani. The state fish of Hawaii is the humuhumunukunukuapua’a. Don’t doubt my Hawaiian-ness again… even
though I’m totally white. Anyway, in 1893 the Queen tried to take back
some of her monarchical powers, and as a result the white settlers, with the help of some
US Marines, revolted and created the Bayonet Constitution – forming the Republic of Hawaii. It lasted four years before it was officially
annexed by the United States. And it was the last state to join the union
in 1959. Hawaiian history is actually incredibly complicated,
interesting, and downright comical at times. Like the fact that the Kamehamehas were so
worried about diluting their bloodline that they pulled a Targaryen and basically incested
themselves into extinction. When the last one died Hawaii had to elect
their next King – from House Kalakaua. Anyway, if you’d like to know way more than
you ever thought you wanted to about Hawaiian history, I highly recommend the book “Unfamiliar
Fishes” by Sarah Vowell. So the next time someone from Texas tells
you that they were the only republic to join the union, you can fire back with Vermont,
California, and Hawaii, because- wait wait wait, what about Deseret and Alaska and all
the other states you haven’t talked about- Sigh, okay I guess I just have to make another
one of these… but again, at least for now, you know better.

Should Half of the U.S. Government Be Female? (feat. Ilhan Omar)

(light music) – In 1916, Jeannette Rankin was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives. It was a big deal. That’s because Rankin was the first woman ever elected to Congress. In 1916, four years before all U.S. women were even given the right to vote. (intense music) Since Rankin was elected, the
number of women in Congress has been rising steadily, but
today, even 100 years later, women still only hold 20% of the seats and get this, Vermont,
sorry Vermont, but this is totally true, you still never even elected a single woman to Congress! Other states aren’t much better. Jeannette Rankin was from Montana and yet, she remains the
only woman Montana has ever sent to Congress. In your words, what is a gender quota? – So, a gender quota is gonna be a policy that is going to require
that we either select female candidates or we elect female candidates for elected office. So today, there are more
than 130 countries worldwide that have modified either
their Constitutions or their electoral laws
or party rules to mandate that a certain proportion
of women be included as either candidates or legislators. – [Host] According to the
interparliamentary union, the U.S. lags behind 102 other countries in gender equality and one
of the possible reasons is that nearly half of all
countries on the planet have some kind of gender quota system. – Yes, the United States is well behind many other countries. If you look at the world rankings in terms of women’s share
of legislative office, we’re 103 in the world rankings. We’re between Indonesia and Kurdistan. – At this point, let me ask
a cold and heartless question and I understand the irony
that this is coming from a guy, but why does it even matter how many women serve in Congress? Well, the answer is
that percentages matter. Many experts have calculated
that women need to make up at least 30 to 40 percent
of a governing body before their voices really
start to gain traction. Anything less and it’s almost
like they’re not even there. So if we made America from scratch today, what if we made it a
rule that 35% of Congress needs to be women? – All of the studies that we’ve done that have looked at the
quality of the politicians that we elect via gender quotas suggest that the women that are
elected via those policies are as or more qualified
than their male counterparts. So, my work from Uganda
and Sweden shows that. There’s from Italy and
from France, Morocco, and so quotas increase
women’s presence in office without degrading the
quality of representation. – So, why have so many
countries adopted gender quotas? – Pressure from the
international community. So, the United Nations
and other international governing organizations
strongly support gender quotas and so now, what we see, for example, is virtually any country
that’s coming out of a conflict and creating a new constitution,
doing constitution building is going to be strongly
encouraged to adopt a quota to ensure women’s presence in politics. – Quotas, as you can imagine, are a pretty controversial topic. Many people say that
they’re anti-democratic or even anti-equality
because they’re giving preferential treatment to
a certain type of person. Some people argue that
it’s an un-American idea. – So, I strongly support
the election of women to legislative office and I
think that’s really important for lots of reasons. I do not support having
a gender quota rule or a gender quota law for U.S. Congress. In many cases, what gender quotas do is strengthen the hand of party leaders who hand-pick candidates. So, if you’re in Mexico, for example, now there’s a parity law, 50%
of candidates have to be women and so, gender quotas actually
don’t challenge that system. They still allow kind of an old school type of politics where you have people hand picking your preferred candidates and so, that preserves the status quo and it means that the
women who get selected, like the men who get
selected, tend to be loyal to the party bosses, to the party leaders. – [Host] Then there’s
representative Ilhan Omar, the first Somali-American
Muslim legislator elected to office in the United States. Even though she has said
that everyone wanted to make gender an issue during her campaign, she still doesn’t believe a quota is the right path to parity. – I don’t know if having
a gender quota set in law is helpful, but I think
have that as the people vote to think about getting you
know, equitable representation. I think also, it becomes
a hindrance for success while after election, right? Because people just see you
as being a representative of that gender or identity or whatever. We can nudge people out
of their complacency to recognizing that our
democracy really hasn’t been that representative
and it really hasn’t been that reflective of the
communities around our country. – Several studies have shown
that a majority of U.S. women still believe they face barriers to office based on their gender
and they say they feel discouraged from getting involved. – Research shows that ya
know, young men and women, when they see women in office, they think, “Oh, I could run for office,” and it shapes their vision of
what’s possible in the world. So that has a really, really
powerful effect in terms of challenging stereotypes that
people have about gender. – While we believe a
white person can represent everybody, people of
color can only represent, or women can only represent places where there’s a majority of them. They can only represent their voices. I mean, it certainly played out in my race whether it is true or
not, people still believe that I am elected as a person of color, as an immigrant because I must represent a community that is a reflection of me. Well, my community is a reflection of me not because of my identity
or my gender, right? Because my community is 70% white and that’s not a conversation
that people have. They are often surprised
because they think of my district as being the
minority majority district. – Those who favor quotas
say this is exactly the reason we need them. They can fast track social changes that would otherwise take generations. – I mean, you’re absolutely right. It’s gonna take a long
time for us to get to 50% men, 50% women, ya know, 150 years sometimes is the estimate and that’s why a lot of countries adopted gender quotas in the first place because the rate of change was so slow, they realized if you just
adopt a gender quota, you can bump up to a really
high level really quickly and that’s proven to be
true in case after case. – As you can see, there are smart people on both sides of this
idea, but to be fair, there may be one other huge reason why quotas may not work in America. That has to do with how we vote. Do you think that we would be able to have a gender quota based on
our electoral system? – It’s difficult to imagine it and there have to be
kind of limits or caps on the number of men and
women who can run for office in a particular primary. Right now, the only thing
you need to run for office is you have to be a citizen,
you have to meet the age requirement and you have to meet the residency requirement. So, to impose gender as a criterion there which is what a gender quota would do, it’s just really difficult to
imagine that actually working. That said, we do have gender
quotas in the United States. When the trafficking was
expanded to women in 1920, both the Republican and Democratic parties adopted gender quotas for
positions of leadership within the parties. Just last week, the state democratic party in the state of Pennsylvania,
there was an election for the members of the
democratic committee and the top vote getters were all women, but because they have a
quota of 50% men, 50% women, they took two men and
kind of bumped them up even though they weren’t
the top vote getters because of the gender quota that existed. So, in a political moment
where you have a lot of women running for office, the
gender quota could actually work as a ceiling rather than as a floor. – I think we’re a long way from parity, and particularly less
incumbency is really strong. Over 90% of incumbents win
reelection when they run and most incumbents are are men. So, I think if we’re gonna
just do things slowly, we’re a long way from
being at even a third of our legislators being
women, let alone 50%. – So, let’s break this down. On one hand, there are places where quotas appear to be working. On the other hand, they seem
to present new challenges for the very people they’re meant to help and we might have to totally
rebuild our voting process to make them workable. So, what do you think? Would a quota system be a good idea? How would our government
change if we had it? Let us know your thoughts. Thank you so much for
watching America From Scratch. I’m enjoying this brownie but I have a great question for you. Our next episode is
gonna be about mandatory military service, so click
the link in the description and let us know what you
think about mandatory military service. Also, do not forget to subscribe to us. Thanks so much. Mm, God. This program was made possible by the Corporation for Public Broadcasting.