The Rise of Conservatism: Crash Course US History #41

Episode 41: Rise of Conservatism Hi, I’m John Green, this is CrashCourse
U.S. history and today we’re going to–Nixon?–we’re going to talk about the rise of conservatism.
So Alabama, where I went to high school, is a pretty conservative state and reliably sends
Republicans to Washington. Like, both of its Senators, Jeff Sessions and Richard Shelby,
are Republicans. But did you know that Richard Shelby used to be a Democrat, just like basically
all of Alabama’s Senators since reconstruction? And this shift from Democrat to Republican
throughout the South is the result of the rise in conservative politics in the 1960s
and 1970s that we are going to talk about today. And along the way, we get to put Richard
Nixon’s head in a jar. Stan just informed me that we don’t actually
get to put Richard Nixon’s head in a jar. It’s just a Futurama joke. And now I’m
sad. So, you’ll remember from our last episode
that we learned that not everyone in the 1960s was a psychedelic rock-listening, war-protesting
hippie. In fact, there was a strong undercurrent of conservative thinking that ran throughout
the 1960s, even among young people. And one aspect of this was the rise of free
market ideology and libertarianism. Like, since the 1950s, a majority of Americans had
broadly agreed that “free enterprise” was a good thing and should be encouraged
both in the U.S. and abroad. Mr. Green, Mr. Green, and also in deep space
where no man has gone before? No, MFTP. You’re thinking of the Starship
Enterprise, not free enterprise. And anyway, Me From The Past, have you ever
seen a more aggressively communist television program than “The Neutral Zone” from Star
Trek: The Next Generation’s first season? I don’t think so.
intro Alright so, in the 1950s a growing number
of libertarians argued that unregulated capitalism and individual autonomy were the essence of
American freedom. And although they were staunchly anti-communist, their real target was the
regulatory state that had been created by the New Deal. You know, social security, and
not being allowed to, you know, choose how many pigs you kill, etc.
Other conservatives weren’t libertarians at all but moral conservatives who were okay
with the rules that enforced traditional notions of family and morality. Even if that seemed
like, you know, an oppressive government. For them virtue was the essence of America.
But both of these strands of conservatism were very hostile toward communism and also
to the idea of “big government.” And it’s worth noting that since World War
I, the size and scope of the federal government had increased dramatically.
And hostility toward the idea of “big government” remains the signal feature of contemporary
conservatism. Although very few people actually argue for shrinking the government. Because,
you know, that would be very unpopular. People like Medicare.
But it was faith in the free market that infused the ideology of the most vocal young conservatives
in the 1960s. They didn’t receive nearly as much press
as their liberal counterparts but these young conservatives played a pivotal role in reshaping
the Republican Party, especially in the election of 1964.
The 1964 presidential election was important in American history precisely because it was
so incredibly uncompetitive. I mean, Lyndon Johnson was carrying the torch
of a wildly popular American president who had been assassinated a few months before.
He was never going to lose. And indeed he didn’t. The republican candidate,
Arizona senator Barry Goldwater, was demolished by LBJ.
But the mere fact of Goldwater’s nomination was a huge conservative victory. I mean, he
beat out liberal Republican New York Governor Nelson Rockefeller. And yes, there were liberal
Republicans. Goldwater demanded a harder line in the Cold
War, even suggesting that nuclear war might be an option in the fight against communism.
And he lambasted the New Deal liberal welfare state for destroying American initiative and
individual liberty. I mean, why bother working when you could just enjoy life on the dole?
I mean, unemployment insurance allowed anyone in America to become a hundredaire.
But it was his stance on the Cold War that doomed his candidacy. In his acceptance speech,
Goldwater famously declared, “Extremism in the defense of liberty is no vice.”
Which made it really easy for Johnson to paint Goldwater as an extremist.
In the famous “Daisy” advertisement, Johnson’s supporters countered Goldwater’s campaign
slogan of “in your heart, you know he’s right” with “but in your guts you know
he’s nuts.” So in the end, Goldwater received a paltry
27 million votes to Johnson’s 43 million, and Democrats racked up huge majorities in
both houses of Congress. This hides, however, the significance of the election. Five of
the six states that Goldwater carried were in the Deep South, which had been reliably
democratic, known as the “Solid South,” in fact.
Now, it’s too simple to say that race alone led to the shift from Democratic to the Republican
party in the South because Goldwater didn’t really talk much about race.
But the Democrats, especially under LBJ, became the party associated with defending civil
rights and ending segregation, and that definitely played a role in white southerners’ abandoning
the Democrats, as was demonstrated even more clearly in the 1968 election.
The election of 1968 was a real cluster-Calhoun, I mean, there were riots and there was also
the nomination of Hubert Humphrey, who was very unpopular with the anti-war movement,
and also was named Hubert Humphrey, and that’s just what happened with the Democrats.
But, lost in that picture was the Republican nominee, Richard Milhous Nixon, who was one
of the few candidates in American history to come back and win the presidency after
losing in a previous election. How’d he do it?
Well, it probably wasn’t his charm, but it might have been his patience. Nixon was
famous for his ability to sit and wait in poker games. It made him very successful during
his tour of duty in the South Pacific. In fact, he earned the nickname “Old Iron Butt.”
Plus, he was anti-communist, but didn’t talk a lot about nuking people. And the clincher
was probably that he was from California, which by the late 1960s was becoming the most
populous state in the nation. Nixon won the election, campaigning as the
candidate of the “silent majority” of Americans who weren’t anti-war protesters,
and who didn’t admire free love or the communal ideals of hippies.
And who were alarmed at the rights that the Supreme Court seemed to be expanding, especially
for criminals. This silent majority felt that the rights
revolution had gone too far. I mean, they were concerned about the breakdown in traditional
values and in law and order. Stop me if any of this sounds familiar.
Nixon also promised to be tough on crime, which was coded language to whites in the
south that he wouldn’t support civil rights protests. The equation of crime with African
Americans has a long and sordid history in the United States, and Nixon played it up
following a “Southern strategy” to further draw white Democrats who favored segregation
into the Republican ranks. Now, Nixon only won 43% of the vote, but if
you’ve paid attention to American history, you know that you ain’t gotta win a majority
to be the president. He was denied that majority primarily by Alabama
Governor George Wallace, who was running on a pro-segregation ticket and won 13% of the
vote. So 56% of American voters chose candidates
who were either explicitly or quietly against civil rights.
Conservatives who voted for Nixon hoping he would roll back the New Deal were disappointed.
I mean, in some ways the Nixon domestic agenda was just a continuation of LBJ’s Great Society.
This was partly because Congress was still in the hands of Democrats, but also Nixon
didn’t push for conservative programs and he didn’t veto new initiatives. Because
they were popular. And he liked to be popular. So in fact, a number of big government “liberal”
programs began under Nixon. I mean, the environmental movement achieved success with the enactment
of the Clean Air Act, and the Clean Water Act, and the Endangered Species Act.
The Occupational Health and Safety Administration and the National Transportation Safety Board
were created to make new regulations that would protect worker safety and make cars
safer. That’s not government getting out of our
lives, that’s government getting into our cars.
Now, Nixon did abolish the Office of Economic Opportunity, but he also indexed social security
benefits to inflation and he proposed the Family Assistance Plan that would guarantee
a minimum income for all Americans. And, the Nixon years saw some of the most
aggressive affirmative action in American history. LBJ had begun the process by requiring
recipients of federal contracts to have specific numbers of minority employees and timetables
for increasing those numbers. But Nixon expanded this with the Philadelphia
plan, which required federal construction projects to have minority employees. He ended
up attacking this plan after realising that it was wildly unpopular with trade unions,
which had very few black members, but he had proposed it.
And when Nixon had the opportunity to nominate a new Chief Justice to the Supreme Court after
Earl Warren retired in 1969, his choice, Warren Burger was supposed to be a supporter of small
government and conservative ideals, but, just like Nixon, he proved a disappointment in
that regard. Like, in Swan v. Charlotte-Mecklenbug Board
of Education, the court upheld a lower court ruling that required busing of students to
achieve integration in Charlotte’s schools. And then the Burger court made it easier for
minorities to sue for employment discrimination, especially with its ruling in Regents of the
University of California v. Bakke. This upheld affirmative action as a valid governmental
interest, although it did strike down the use of strict quotas in university admissions.
Now, many conservatives didn’t like these affirmative action decisions, but one case
above all others had a profound effect on American politics: Roe v. Wade.
Roe v. Wade established a woman’s right to have an abortion in the first trimester
of a pregnancy as well as a more limited right as the pregnancy progressed. And that decision
galvanized first Catholics and then Evangelical Protestants.
And that ties in nicely with another strand in American conservatism that developed in
the 1960s and 1970s. Let’s go to the ThoughtBubble. Many Americans felt that traditional family
values were deteriorating and looked to conservative republican candidates to stop that slide.
They were particularly alarmed by the continuing success of the sexual revolution, as symbolized
by Roe v. Wade and the increasing availability of birth control.
Statistics tend to back up the claims that traditional family values were in decline
in the 1970s. Like, the number of divorces soared to over one million in 1975 exceeding
the number of first time marriages. The birthrate declined with women bearing 1.7 children during
their lifetimes by 1976, less than half the figure in 1957. Now, of course, many people
would argue that the decline of these traditional values allowed more freedom for women and
for a lot of terrible marriages to end, but that’s neither here nor there.
Some conservatives also complained about the passage in 1972 of Title IX, which banned
gender discrimination in higher education, but many more expressed concern about the
increasing number of women in the workforce. Like, by 1980 40% of women with young children
had been in the workforce, up from 20% in 1960.
The backlash against increased opportunity for women is most obviously seen in the defeat
of the Equal Rights Amendment in 1974, although it passed Congress easily in 1972. Opponents
of the ERA, which rather innocuously declared that equality of rights under the law could
not be abridged on account of sex, argued that the ERA would let men off the hook for
providing for their wives and children, and that working women would lead to the further
breakdown of the family. Again, all the ERA stated was that women and men would have equal
rights under the laws of the United States. But, anyway, some anti-ERA supporters, like
Phyllis Schlafly claimed that free enterprise was the greatest liberator of women because
the purchase of new labor saving devices would offer them genuine freedom in their traditional
roles of wife and mother. Essentially, the vacuum cleaner shall make you free. And those
arguments were persuasive to enough people that the ERA was not ratified in the required
¾ of the United States. Thanks, ThoughtBubble. Sorry if I let my personal
feelings get in the way on that one. Anyway, Nixon didn’t have much to do with the continuing
sexual revolution; it would have continued without him because, you know, skoodilypooping
is popular. But, he was successfully reelected in 1972,
partly because his opponent was the democratic Barry Goldwater, George McGovern.
McGovern only carried one state and it wasn’t even his home state. It was Massachusetts.
Of course. But even though they couldn’t possibly lose,
Nixon’s campaign decided to cheat. In June of 1972, people from Nixon’s campaign broke
into McGovern’s campaign office, possibly to plant bugs. No, Stan, not those kinds of
bugs. Yes. Those. Now, we don’t know if Nixon actually knew
about the activities of the former employees of the amazingly acronym-ed CREEP, that is
the Committee for the Reelection of the President. But this break in at the Watergate hotel eventually
led to Nixon being the first and so far only American president to resign.
What we do know is this: Nixon was really paranoid about his opponents, even the ones
who appealed to 12% of American voters, especially after Daniel Ellsberg leaked the Pentagon
Papers to the New York Times in 1971. So, he drew up an enemies list and created
a special investigative unit called the plumbers whose job was to fix toilets. No, it was to
stop leaks. That makes more sense. I’m sorry, Stan, it’s just by then the
toilets in the White House were over 100 years old, I figured they might need some fixing,
but apparently no. Leaking. Nixon also taped all of the conversations
in the Oval Office and these tapes caused a minor constitutional crisis.
So, during the congressional investigation of Watergate, it became known that these tapes
existed, so the special prosecutor demanded copies.
Nixon refused, claiming executive privilege, and the case went all the way to the Supreme
Court, which ruled in U.S. v. Nixon that he had to turn them over. And this is important
because it means that the president is not above the law.
So, what ultimately doomed Nixon was not the break in itself, but the revelations that
he covered it up by authorizing hush money payments to keep the burglars silent and also
instructing the FBI not to investigate the crime.
In August of 1974, the House Judiciary Committee recommended that articles of impeachment be
drawn up against Nixon for conspiracy and obstruction of justice. But the real crime,
ultimately, was abuse of power, and there’s really no question about whether he was guilty
of that. So, Nixon resigned. Aw man, I was thinking I was going to get
away without a Mystery Document today. The rules here are simple.
I guess the author of the Mystery Document, and lately I’m never wrong.
Alright. Today I am an inquisitor. I believe hyperbole
would not be fictional and would not overstate the solemnness that I feel right now. My faith
in the Constitution is whole, it is complete, it is total. I am not going to sit here and
be an idle spectator to the diminution, the subversion, the destruction of the Constitution.”
Aw. I’m going to get shocked today. Is it Sam Ervin? Aw dang it! Gah!
Apparently it was African American congresswoman from Texas, Barbara Jordan. Stan, that is
much too hard. I think you were getting tired of me not being
shocked, Stan, because it’s pretty strange to end an episode on conservatism with a quote
from Barbara Jordan, whose election to Congress has to be seen as a huge victory for liberalism.
But I guess it is symbolic of the very things that many conservatives found unsettling in
the 1970s, including political and economic success for African Americans and women, and
the legislation that helped the marginalized. I know that sounds very judgmental, but on
the other hand, the federal government had become a huge part of every American’s life,
maybe too huge. And certainly conservatives weren’t wrong
when they said that the founding fathers of the U.S. would hardly recognize the nation
that we had become by the 1970s. In fact, Watergate was followed by a Senate
investigation by the Church Committee, which revealed that Nixon was hardly the first president
to abuse his power. The government had spied on Americans throughout
the Cold War and tried to disrupt the Civil Rights movement. And the Church Commission,
Watergate, the Pentagon Papers, Vietnam all of these things revealed a government that
truly was out of control and this undermined a fundamental liberal belief that government
is a good institution that is supposed to solve problems and promote freedom.
And for many Conservatives these scandals sent a clear signal that government couldn’t
promote freedom and couldn’t solve problems and that the liberal government of the New
Deal and the Great Society had to be stopped. Thanks for watching, I’ll see you next week.
Woah! Crash Course is made with the help of all of these nice people and it exists because
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And I am slowly spinning, I’m slowly spinning, I’m slowly spinning. Thank you again for
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don’t forget to be awesome.

The War On Truth #17 | The Truth About Politics

democracy is the best system of governance that we've ever devised simply because when it functions well it gives a voice to both the hard and the soft virtues conservative political parties argue for the right to a liberal political parties argue for the left the idea of course is that after the two sides of Duke things out in debating chambers they'll ultimately balance each other right and shave off each other's more extreme elements in the UK this battle comes down to labor versus conservatives well in the u.s. it's Democrats versus Republicans but all Western democracies tend to be divided along this line now the problem with the postmodern era is that because all of culture has now moved to the left the entire political establishment has also shifted left in a bid to win the popular vote so for example it was the UK's Conservative government – in 2014 legalized gay marriage not a Labour one as we might expect the same Conservative government provided over Christian Baker's being prosecuted for refusing to bake gay wedding cakes they were in office as Christian couples were being refused the chance to adopt children simply for believing in this additional family unit they oversaw gender reassignment surgery being offered on the NHS and homosexuality being promoted to children in schools and of course every time an Islamic terrorist attack happened in Europe it was the conservative Prime Minister's who would say Islam is a religion of peace Islam is a religion of peace in fact to mark their shift to the left the Conservative Party logo was even changed in 2006 from a torch representing intellectual enlightenment to a softer picture of a cartoon tree drawn by a child and this worked for them by the way and this last pit era where these values all it counts this work for them they got the votes they got into power but since the Conservative Party no longer truly represented conservative values there was not only this big void over here on the right suddenly there were no political parties truly speaking up for the hard virtues in the halls of power both tears were looking at ballot papers and signor eel difference between any of the options if the kind seemed like the entire system was either broken or rigged like bolting mate Nouriel distance to the outcome whoever you voted for you would just get liberal policies every leading person on the land began for a bit disenfranchised and ignored and this was especially true of the so-called privileged groups whom the last constantly despise and demonize white Texas actual Christian Mills for example Europe in Nagano so they're a white male feeling that they had no voice in their own country anymore they were forced week outside of the traditional political establishment who had abandoned them for new representation and this is when we began to see the emergence of the alternative right or the alt-right in the United Kingdom the author rights movement was headed by the UK Independence Party are you Kip and its leader Nigel Farage and in the United States the movement was eventually embodied in the emerges of Donald Trump as a presidential candidate in 2016 and you peel of both of these characters was that they both came from outside of the mainstream political establishment and they both spoke up for the hard virtues that had been ignored and forgotten for so long in the postmodern age so truth righteousness logic reason and justice now because the conservative establishment had moved so far to the left even they nice times they truly conservative policies of Faraj and Trump to be too extreme for their tastes so many within the Republican Party despise Donald Trump and refused to endorse his nomination as their candidate for the 2016 election while many within the British Conservative Party similarly showed disdain for Nigel Faraj in fact the conservative Prime Minister David Cameron dismissed you kept members like this I mean you keep I mean it's just a sort of you know luncheon firm right they're just trying to make him into mischief I mean I sorry might as far as I can see I know there's a bunch of what well fruitcakes and loonies and closet racist basically similarly in the US when the Islamic terror attack happened in San Bernardino in December 2015 Donald Trump made this statement Donald J Trump is calling for a total and complete shutdown of Muslims entering the United States until our country's representatives can figure out what the hell is going on according to Pew Research among others there is a great hatred toward Americans by large segments of the Muslim population most recently a poll from Center for Security Policy released that is showing 25 percent of those polled agreed that violence against Americans here in the United States is justified as part of the global jihad and 51 percent of those polled agreed that Muslims in America should have this choice that being governed according to Sharia Sharia authorizes such atrocities as murder against non-believers who won't convert beheadings and more unthinkable acts that pose great harm to Americans especially women I mean you look especially women it's going to get worse and worse folks we could be politically correct and we can be stupid but it's going to get worse and worse until we are able to determine and understand this problem and the dangerous threat it poses our country cannot be the victim of horrendous attacks by people that believe only in Jihad these are people only believe in Jihad didn't want our system they don't want our system and have no sense of reason or respect for human life now it wasn't unexpected that Democrats with denounce words like these as racist and bigoted you could put half of trumps supporters into what I call the basket of deplorable but what disappointed conservatives was that Republicans too we're joining in to condemn this kind of plain talking what was proposed yesterday is not what this party stands for so again it left many conservatives asking why you startled 12 the only one willing to speak the harsh truth here it might hurt some feelings to say releasing but it's undoubtedly true that Islam does have a violence problem poll after poll reveals this a significant number of live ones do support jihad and Sharia the Quran and the hadith support the killing of unbelievers attack after attack occurs to the refrain of Allahu Akbar why is he the only one willing to say this publicly just how many of our innocent civilians have to die in unprovoked terror attacks before we stop pandering and start confronting the reality of this ideology why are the protocol establishment so intent and burying their heads in the sand just to spare some feelings Islam is a religion of peace Islam is a religion of peace now the establishment for their part just didn't get this they were stuck in their leftist tackle chamber over here so they failed to understand where the popularity of Donald Trump is actually coming from it's like Barack Obama had a big stab at trying to figure it out he said the problem is not that all Republicans think the way this guy does the problem is is that they've been riding this tiger for a long time they've been feeding their base all kinds of crazy for years primarily for political expedience all that bile just kind of bubbled up start surfacing in charge he echoed to David Cameron's assessment of the all right as fruitcakes loonies and closet racists Obama thought that Trump happened because Republicans were feeding their base all kinds of crazy bile and it just kind of bubble up to the surface one day but he was wrong the all right wasn't created by Republicans feeding their base all kinds of crazy liberals created the alt-right by feeding their base all kinds of crazy the all right Tim in reaction to an entire culture of liberalism that had gone so far left that it became absurd people looked at men being legally allowed to marry other men men being given awards for being women women identifying as babies or cats men identifying his dogs and fifty two-year-old men identifying a six year old girls and they were exasperated at the sheer stupidity of it so I can be a Chinese woman yes but I'm sure they were dismayed that any time we attempted to inject some on a scientific truth into the conversation they would be hounded and bullied into submission by the liberal herd possibly even arrested by the police and told they were bigoted and phobic Newton's third law tells us that for every action there is an equal and opposite reaction so when the referent ultra-liberal to the point of oppressive lunacy it caused a whole suite of society to go out for conservative and a desperate attempt to try and bring back some kind of balance that's why the political device suddenly seemed wider than ever because the last look further into their pit causing the right to go further into theirs now as we've been learning both ultra liberalism and ultra conservative ism are bad we don't want either of them the far right does contain genuine racism and cold-heartedness while the far left ends up in communism thought policing and dehumanizing collectivist repression we don't want either extreme but see the truth is that most people in the alt-right movement are not very extreme at all the only little extreme to the left because the left are so far away now that they're being ridiculous and their roles men or women and women are cats and other men are dogs in fact anything to the right of Karl Marx is now considered extreme to some of them further live in the Soviet Union oh yeah Stalin would be a hell of a lot better than strong saw one would be better than trusty would but the reality again is that most of those in the alt-right movement who voted for brexit voted for Trump are just decent ordinary individuals who simply believe in truth righteousness and reason that's all they're not fruitcakes they're not racist they're just people who for example believe in free speech and are fed up of being gagged by the fascism of political correctness there are people who are tired of being hounded as homophobic for having a different moral stance or transphobic simply for believing in actual science the people who are tired of being vilified for believing in the traditional family unit and the importance of fathers next the Christian magistrate who was sacked for opposing gay adoption there are people who want to be free to follow their conscience without getting a criminal record for it there are people who want to worship their God in practice based in peace without persecution there a good man who are tired of being told they're over privileged and to blame for all society's ills there are people who believe that truth righteousness and reason still matters that is all now if the lasted stage reasonably moderate and the conservative political establishment had actually stayed on the right and continued to speak for true conservative values then everyone would have continued about their business and none of this upheaval would have ever have happened it's only when the entire political establishment moved to the far left that alternatives on the right were required and that's the only reason that the out right now exists so in previous episodes we saw how the modern era lasted for about 300 years I musta find almost entirely by the hard virtues when people decided they had enough of that it was a Cultural Revolution in 1967 the Summer of Love and that single the beginning of a move towards this software excuse towards the left pit and that's when the postmodern era began and since we know that the end time world will be a left pit world I speculated that we may just continue down this track now until the days of Noah and lost to emerge and Antichrist appears in Jesus returns in other words the postmodern era could be the last era but the sudden fight back for conservativism doesn't fit with that narrative so it does Breck's haven't Trump mean that the postmodern era is already ending after just 50 years I'm going to culturally go through another revolution that will take us back towards the right for a spell or is this just a minor hiccup elastic ultimately futile effort from conservatives to sort of drag us back in this direction before we continue back down the lastest road we don't know the answer to that yet and it's going to be interesting to see how events unfold in the coming years but what is interesting is that liberals still haven't made their peace with any of the recent events they're still unable to see the world from outside of their love be hate paradigm they haven't had any kind of awakening and suddenly realize that actually there might be some good and conservative paradigm maybe we should dialogue and listen to this other site maybe it is kind of ridiculous to give men awards for being women and and that women can be cat I can see how some people might find that a bit ridiculous maybe we have been too harsh on man maybe so is family units are a good idea and maybe we shouldn't be shouting bigoted and racist at decent people who are clearly neither of those things and maybe we shouldn't be trying to police the freedom of thought and speech of other people none of that reconciliation from the last has happened yet in fact it seems that recent events have just made them even more determined many of them are shouting bigot and hater even louder now and doing everything they can to oppose both brexit and Trump there are still protests and marches and it seems that the deep state is even working against Trump to trying to frustrate his actions at every turn if anything the left is just going even deeper left in response and what's also interesting is that a lot of this extreme liberalism is coming from the young here's a map that shows what would have happened in the 2016 US elections if only 18 to 29 year olds had voted as you can see Trump would have received exactly as 0 electoral votes Hillary Clinton would have won them all and the same stats come through in the brexit vote too the young are super liberal 75 percent of the 18 to 24 year olds voted against brexit now this isn't entirely surprising as the old adage goes if you're not a liberal at 25 you have no heart but if you're not a conservative by 35 you have no brain people tend to become more conservative as they grow older however if that doesn't happen with this generation and the left-foot ethos of our age keeps everyone web role right into their old age then as the current conservative generations die off the remaining liberals will soon have no resistance and will be able to keep things moving forward towards the days of Noah and lot at their own speed but again that's just all speculation we don't really know how things are going to go the only thing that we know is that both extremes are bad and so this episode shouldn't be taken as a resounding endorsement of Donald Trump either I do have reservations and if we don't all calm down and come back into the senator again if these oscillations between left and right keep getting more and more extreme then all that will happen is this this is what's called a speed wobble the oscillations become ever more violent until it can't go forward anymore and the whole thing comes crashing down we don't want that so as Christians we have to be the voice of reason here and try to stop people from going to extreme we can bring reconciliation because we uniquely understand through the Bible and God's character that both love and truth do matter as only as we model that to the world as we speak the truth and love that esight might be saved from themselves