News Wrap: Italy’s far-right party shut out from power

JUDY WOODRUFF: In the day’s other news: Tropical
Storm Fernand has come ashore in Northeastern Mexico, and is now moving inland. It struck a sparsely populated area north
of La Pesca today with winds of 40 miles an hour and 18 inches of rain. Forecasters said that it will stay south of
the Texas border and dissipate by tomorrow. In Britain, lawmakers have dealt Prime Minister
Boris Johnson a stinging blow over Brexit. The House of Commons voted today to block
the country from leaving the European Union without a formal agreement. In turn, Johnson is warning that he will call
a snap election for mid-October, two weeks before the Brexit deadline. We will have a report from London right after
the news summary. In Italy, Premier Giuseppe Conte unveiled
a new governing coalition that shuts the hard-right League Party out of power. Conte met with the Italian president to present
his cabinet. It unites his populist Five Star Movement
with the center-left Democratic Party. Conte’s original coalition collapsed when
the League Party withdrew, in a failed bid to force new elections. The government of Afghanistan voiced new concerns
today about a potential peace deal between the U.S. and the Taliban. An adviser to President Ashraf Ghani cautioned
against withdrawing U.S. troops too quickly, with the insurgent Taliban at its strongest
since the 2001 U.S. invasion. But, in Brussels, the NATO secretary-general
tried to allay fears of a hasty pullout. JENS STOLTENBERG, NATO Secretary-General:
We will not leave too early, but our aim is not to stay in Afghanistan forever. Our aim is to make sure that Afghanistan never
again creates the platform for threats, for planning, for organizing, for funding terrorist
attacks against our countries. JUDY WOODRUFF: NATO has about a 20,000 troops
in Afghanistan, including some 14,000 Americans. The draft peace agreement calls for 5,000
of those U.S. troops to leave shortly after a final deal. Back in this country, a government watchdog
says migrant children separated from their parents last year have shown post-traumatic
stress and other mental health issues. They included heightened fear and feelings
of abandonment. The report comes from the inspector general
at the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. It is based on interviews with about 100 mental
health clinicians who dealt with the affected children. The Pentagon has diverted $3.6 billion away
from military construction funds to build 175 miles of a wall on the U.S. southern border. The move effectively de-funds a total of 127
projects, including some military schools and day care. Defense Secretary Mark Esper announced it
late Tuesday, and President Trump said today that it’s part of his declaration of a national
emergency along the border. DONALD TRUMP, President of the United States:
The secretary of defense spoke with members of Congress and explained it to them. And I think he felt very good about it. He feels it’s a national security problem. I do too. It is. When you have thousands of people trying to
rush our country, I think that’s national security. JUDY WOODRUFF: A number of congressional Democrats
condemned the funding shift. Texas Congressman Bill Flores today became
the latest Republican to announce he’s retiring from the U.S. House of Representatives. Flores is in his fifth term, and is now the
15th GOP Congress member not seeking reelection and the fifth from the state of Texas. That is ahead of the pace at this point in
the 2018 election cycle, when a total of 34 House Republicans retired. Michigan will be the first state in the nation
to ban sales of flavored nicotine vaping products. Democratic Governor Gretchen Whitmer ordered
the move today. She said e-cigarette makers are using candy
flavors and misleading ads to, in her words, hook children on nicotine. YouTube has agreed to pay $170 million over
charges that it collected personal data on children without parental consent. The Federal Trade Commission and New York
state say that the company used the data to target kids with advertising. Under the settlement, YouTube also agrees
to limit its data collection. And on Wall Street, gains in technology stocks
fueled a rally. The Dow Jones industrial average gained 237
points to close at 26355. The Nasdaq rose 102 points, and the S&P 500
added 31. Still to come on the “NewsHour”: blocking
Brexit — British lawmakers defy their prime minister to stop an abrupt break from the
European Union; protests turn to policy in Hong Kong, as a controversial extradition
bill is withdrawn; how the Amazon rain forests bear the brunt of Brazil’s booming agriculture
business; and much more.

Germany's uncertain political future: What's next for Angela Merkel?

meanwhile German Chancellor Angela Merkel is dealing with fallout from her handling of the refugee crisis in Europe negotiations to form a new government have collapsed leaving Europe's largest and most important economy now in limbo Merkel has spent weeks trying to stitch together a coalition government between for parties to combat the rising popularity of the far-right AFD party Nala ioud has more you'll remember that sigh of relief we heard in many corners when Merkel won that fourth term but what we're hearing today is the antis i and all the hand-wringing starting all over again because Germany now seems on the cusp of the end of an era and Merkel even hinted as much today by calling it a historic day for 12 years Merkel ruled with coalition's and has been there through three Canadian prime ministers for British ones and three u.s. presidents her secret in the words of a former campaign manager is that she headed up a big tent party that's a little bit like an Ikea store he says because it has something for everybody but the Merkel stability streak has been interrupted and the whole world is feeling it european leaders who are eager to get on with their business don't like what they see there's a lot on their plates there's reforming the EU that's French president Emmanuel Michels biggest concern and brexit which is everybody's concern both in the EU and well beyond plus don't forget through the unpredictability of the Trump era Merkel has been seen as an anchor for the liberal world order moving forward Merkel was pretty clear about her preference today saying she'd much rather go through elections again than try to form a minority government but calling an election is up to the president and today he encouraged compromise so Merkel could try for another round of talks with the same parties or she could try to persuade her usual partners the Social Democratic Party to form a coalition if all fails the vote probably goes ahead that would probably give the far-right AFD party more oxygen and possibly more votes and the issues that prevented a coalition this time could come up again just about every option available to Merkel will siphon away some of her power it is an end of an era no doubt but it's not clear yet but this is how Europe's longest-serving leader will go out altogether Malaya at CBC News London now many say the political turning point for Angela Merkel came in the fall of 2015 smiles and applause there but many Germans didn't actually feel that way then and they certainly don't now uncle of Merkel opened Germany's borders to migrants fleeing the war in Syria among others more than a million people came and the backlash was immediate Merkel quickly lost ground in the polls and the right-wing alternative for Germany party experienced a sharp upswing far-right parties continue to grow in influence and prominence across Europe in Austria the far-right freedom party won nearly a third of the national vote in September it is now in talks to form a coalition government the party for freedom leads the Opposition in Dutch parliament Hungary's ruling right-wing party is likely to win a third straight term on a fierce anti-immigrant message in Italy the Northern League has the support of about 15% of Italians heading into an election year and the neo-nazi organization Golden Dawn is now the third most popular party in Greece