PHILOSOPHY – Political: Government and Marriage (Government’s Role) [HD]

Hello. My name is Elizabeth Brake. I teach philosophy at Arizona State University and today I want to talk to you about the role of the government in marriage. Debates over same-sex marriage raised an even deeper question. Why should the government be involved in marriage in the first place? If marriage is essentially a relationship between spouses and their religious or social community, what is the State doing in it? As Canadian Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau once said, ” The State has no business in the bedrooms of the nation.” Now, let’s consider the arguments for same-sex marriage within liberal-political philosophy. And by liberal, I simply mean political theories which attribute equal civil and political liberties and value equal treatment of citizens. They reject imposing one religious or ethical view on everyone. Principles of equal treatment provide a compelling argument for same-sex marriage if there is any legal marriage. Legal marriage brings a lot of benefits. Over one thousand in US Federal Law alone such as hospital and prison visiting rights, pension entitlements, special tax status, special immigration eligibility, married housing, in-state residency, entitlement to employee benefits such as health insurance, spousal relocation, and even burial with one’s spouse in a veteran cemetery, as well as private benefits such as family rates at the gym. More than this, legal marriage provides an expressive or symbolic benefit of social recognition. Some people want their relationships to be recognised as marriages. Under liberal principles of equal treatment, when a government excludes people from benefits it provides, it should have a good reason. For instance, people with vision problems may be excluded from drivers licensing schemes for safety. Their safety and the safety of others is a good reason. But same-sex relationships are similar to different sex relationships. Two men or two women can have just as loving, intimate and committed relationship as a man and a woman. So what’s the reason for excluding same-sex couples from the benefits of marriage? Some opponents of same-sex marriage argue that same-sex marriage would harm children. The US courts reviewed the data and found no evidence of harm. Remember, I said that a liberal state does not impose one religious or ethical view on everyone. It upholds freedom of religion. So, the reason for excluding same-sex couples from legal marriage can’t be religious. This neutrality extends to ethical views. Just because some people think that different-sex relationships are better than same-sex relationships, does not give a political reason for excluding same-sex couples from the legal benefits of marriage. So, there is a strong liberal argument that if there is a legal institution of marriage, equal treatment requires extending it to same-sex couples. The US Supreme Court recently recognised the strength of this equality argument. But, why should there be a legal institution of marriage in the first place? Why not leave it to the churches, synagogues, Vegas chapels? Why not treat marriage as a private institution? A number of philosophers have argued that on political-liberal grounds, the same grounds that provide such a compelling argument for same-sex marriage, the State just shouldn’t be involved in marriage at all anymore than it should be involved in baptisms or bar mitzvahs. All of those benefits the State attaches to legal marriage on this view are really just the imposition of a single religious or ethical view on everyone. The government is, in effect, redistributing tax-payer money through these entitlements to a form a life it deems to have greater dignity or greater value. But that simply seems like a contested ethical judgement. And my view, there actually is a reason for marriage or marriage-like law. But that reason implies that the State should simply recognise pretty much whatever caring relationships people want recognised. There are some qualifications to this view which I’ll discuss in lecture two. Subtitles by the community

Local Government in British Columbia

The local government system in British Columbia
is comprised of municipalities, regional districts and improvement districts. Local governments are responsible for the
planning, growth and safety of their community. Local governments receive their powers from
the provincial government. They are responsible for local and everyday matters, such as water,
parks, community and recreation centres, libraries, roads and sidewalks, transportation systems,
and much more. A municipality is a legal structure incorporated
by the province allowing a community to manage itself and to provide and to provide and regulate
local services. British Columbia has 162 municipalities. They can be called a village, town, district
or city. Local municipal councils are democratically
elected bodies which govern the municipality. They are comprised of a head of council called
a mayor and several councillors. With just one exception, councillors and mayors are
elected at-large – which means by all eligible voters within a municipality. Municipalities, along with non-municipal areas
form part of the regional district system. There are 27 regional districts and together
they cover most of the province. Regional districts coordinate larger services
like land use and planning, fire protection and waste management for several municipalities
and non-municipal areas. For example, Abbotsford and Chilliwack are
cities and they also belong to the Fraser Valley Regional District along with four district
municipalities and seven electoral areas. Each regional district is governed by a board
of directors, which is made up of municipal directors and electoral area directors. Municipal
directors are municipal councillors or mayors, usually appointed by their local municipal
councils. Electoral area directors are directly elected by voters in unincorporated parts
of the province. The head of a regional district board of directors
is called the chair. The chair is chosen by a vote of the members of the board of directors. The role of all local government representatives
is to listen to the concerns of people living in their community and to attend meetings
to discuss, debate, and create by-laws and decisions for their municipality or region. Your local government impacts you every day.
In an election, you decide who will lead and direct your community. Vote wisely.

Government bulldozes sacred Native burial sites

Because to them, it’s just a piece of land
with a superstition fallen over it. That’s the misunderstanding that they look at us
with. Native Americans have lived in the area surrounding Mount Hood for centuries. They
raised their children, gathered food and medicine, built homes, and buried their dead in these
forests. Burial sites in particular play a special role in Native religious practices.
And for years, Native people like Johnny Jackson, Carol Logan, and Wilbur Slockish would visit
a sacred burial ground off of U.S. Highway 26 to remember their ancestors and pray to
their Creator. We’ve always taken care of this land, always taken care of our burial
sites, because that is what we were charged with through our Creator to take care of them
and make sure that they weren’t disturbed. But when the Oregon Department of Transportation
announced highway expansion plans that would bulldoze their burial grounds, concerned Native
Americans pleaded with the government to respect their lands. We’ve tried to educate ODOT
by going to meetings, they refuse to listen. We’ve talked on TV programs, we’ve talked
on radio programs. Native Americans repeatedly informed the government about the location
of the graves and their significance. Even when the Natives proposed reasonable alternatives
to the construction plans, the government refused to listen, and instead, they bulldozed
the burial grounds in 2008. To me its like them going into the Catholic Church or the
Protestant Church and cutting their altar, or moving it in a different place and saying
its of no significance. But the graves are still here. They’re part of that soil. They’re
all along this road, what used to be the Indian trail, all the way down and up. They shouldn’t
be disturbed. But yet they’re doing it without any regard. The Religious Freedom Restoration
Act, signed by President Clinton in 1993, ensures that religious minorities like Johnny,
Carol and Wilbur, can be heard. And with the help of the Becket Fund for Religious Liberty,
they hope to have their rights vindicated in court. Our people are there. Their tracks
are there. The path is there. And it’s our job as Native people as long as we stand,
we have to protect that, because one day when we’re gone, we’re going to be asked by
the Creator why didn’t we do that if we knew and understood it.

How Government Works

Man, there be so much shit I needa do I wish a cracka would give a brotha a hand. EEYYYYOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO!!!!!! The social contractor is hizzle fo rizzle my nizzle to help you with yo dizzle SOCIAL CONTRACTOR? WHO DA FUQ IS YOU? I build and by shit fo a cracka even if he don’t want it and then I make his ass pay fo it if he don’t wanna get pimp slapped, ya feel? Social Contractor, the fuck is you talkin about? I noticed yo ratchet ass got a broke down ass car, so I pimped yo ride. damn social contractor you hooked it up I also noticed your dog ass forgot to fix tha roof so I got my man up there right now fixin that shit up damn, social contractor, you hooked dat shit up once again and lastly I noticed that you was a giant pussy, so I got you a whole fuggin shit ton of cat food, bitch SOCIAL CONTRACTOR WHAT THE FUCK IS THIS SHIT Yooo Jason, you better chill the fuck our before you ass gets knocked the fuck out, you feel? and my man owns the damn cat food company and I need to pay him back fo this shit, so hook it up, son NAHH SHIT AINT BOUT TO PLAY OUT THAT WAY! Daaamn Jason, a cracka cold as hell. Let me pimp yo ride and fix you roof, but now you gon make me out to be the bad guy, huh? YOU BETTA GETCHO ASS OFF MY PROPERTY, OR ELSE A CRACKA GON CALL THE POLICE OR HE GON GET HIS GUN, AND CRACKA MY PHONE IS DEAD Jason yo dog ass betta get the fuck out my hood. Damn Jason just got his ass told, huh? That boy dont put up with NONE of the social contractors BULL SHIT. Why you think that is? Bitch, don’t ask questions. so wait, why exactly we is WE puttin up with the social contractors bull shit? BITCH WHAT PART OF DON’T FUCKING ASK ME ANY MORE QUESTIONS DID YOU NOT UNDERSTAND?!?!? NOW GETCHO ASS IN THE KITCHEN AND FRY ME UP A FUCKIN MEAL OR YO ASS GETTING PIMP SLAPPED the bitch ass mofugga whut made this cartoon

Government Department – Claremont McKenna College

CMC is really recognized for having such an amazing government department. The government department, the IR Group at CMC offers a breadth and depth that I think really is unrivaled at any other liberal arts college. (inspirational music) CMC's government department is unique for a lot of reasons. They have a wide variety of classes that no matter what your interest in government is you can find classes. I think CMC is unique because it has such a breadth of offerings both in terms of the professor's interests, the number of classes offered as well as the ideological diversity. All the professors have their own different expertise. So often when you just walk down the hallway, you'll pass by Mexico, you'll pass by the World Bank, you'll pass by the Army. And the beauty of that is you can always go back and forth between professors and classes that they offer. That's what I really like about CMC. If you have an interest in philosophy, if you have an interest in economics, you don't just have to go to those courses. You can also take a course in politics for example and really enjoy that as well. Most liberal arts colleges have very small government departments and you'd be hard pressed to find an expert with a niche expertise in the region that you care about. But at CMC you can decide on that and you can find faculty that can inform you on those interests. One of the things I love about teaching at CMC is just that all my classes are really small between 15, you know, maybe 20 students. The advantage to a small class is that I get to work with students individually and you get a lot of the personal attention that you wouldn't possibly be able to get at a much larger institution. When I looked at other bigger schools, their political science programs just didn't offer that kind of in depth discussion oriented classroom setting that I found over here. (upbeat guitar music) As for off campus opportunities, I studied abroad in South Africa. The department was very helpful in making sure that my credits transferred well and it was a valuable opportunity and it was very doable with the government major. I studied abroad in Argentina and the Center for Global Education really does an amazing job of helping students figure out a program that fits for them. Then preparing them for when they go. I'm using some of the research that I did then in my thesis which has really set me up well I'd say. One of the great things about the department is the program in D.C., and the D.C. program offers students a great opportunity to get real world experience in Washington and take a lot of what they've learned in terms of bigger philosophical questions and then apply them in current circumstances. D.C. is a very dynamic place. And when you're in the heart of politics it really livens up the news that's happening. As much as I love CMC I think the D.C. program was actually my favorite semester that I've spent as a college student. The most rewarding part of teaching for me at CMC has been the close collaboration with students and faculty on research projects through the research institutes. They are a major resource of on-campus employment that's really meaningful for students. They get the research experience, they get to work with the faculty and they get to integrate what they're learning in the classroom with hands-on research. Outside of just researching, they've also funded me to go to the Ronald Reagan National Defense Forum. The first of its kind. You just don't get that at other places. The other thing the institutes do is they bring a tremendous number of speakers to campus. When we're reading somebody in class we'll often have that person out as a speaker that semester and very often they visit the class itself. The research institutes do a phenomenal job of connecting students with faculty members working in areas that they're interested in. And connecting students with internships in fields that they care about. Almost all of my past professors have introduced me to people to talk to for internships and jobs. A lot of it is the circle of life, because now a lot of my listings for both internships and jobs come from former students. Former students have done all sorts of things really. I mean some of them go into more sort of traditional politics. But they've gone into journalism, consulting of various sorts. We've had students in business, we've had students in the lobby community and students in the legal profession. So a wide variety of career opportunities are open to people who major in Government. I think they're a lot of schools where the school is a feeder school for one type of profession but my students have really been able to follow their dreams and move into a field that's meaningful for them. We really attract talented people here. The whole environment at CMC enables talented people to fulfill their potential and it's exciting to be a part of that. You will never even comprehend the extent to which you will benefit from the experience until you come here.

God, Government and Good Hair: Personality over Party Politics in US Elections, Dr Mark Shanahan

this is a recording from the Congress to campus conference at reading blue coat school on 2nd March 2015 the conference was sponsored by the eccles center for american studies at the British Library and the british association for american studies with support from the u.s. embassy london this session is entitled God government and good hair personality / party politics in u.s. elections and the speaker is dr. mark Shanahan with discussion from four members of Congress Claudine Schneider and Dennis hurtle it's interesting that people are looking bad backgrounds and house get into things I'm very old but I got my PhD last year I had 25 years plus in journalism and in corporate communications coming off the back of an English degree at Manchester University ah I think on the weakest link and I 1 and I thought I was clever and I went into the Masters and then I went on mastermind and I can last I'm very glad it's not one of the episodes that you can easily find but the Masters led into a PhD and while I was doing my PhD I started teaching I found I really really liked it and I found I was absolutely fascinated by America and American politics I teach British and American politics now we do it comparatively are you can take modules in each or you can we're actually working on a module at reading now where we look across different systems of government I love the American system because it's absolutely mad and it brings in a lot of good aspects it was trying but the when it's framed with the founding fathers to be very different from what had gone before never to enable dictators to rise so we get presidents and we get services and we get house representatives I would get all sorts of other things so we got all of those wonderful people there but when you go to the polls you will see something that the original founding fathers didn't think of they didn't think of parties I'm trying to get away from passage they were trying to get away from the idea party european thing they didn't want it because it would cause conflict and actually this was government of the people by the people for the people it's very easy when you start and you've got a small colony and nowhere is more than about four days ride away from the center so you want to raise an issue you can do it you can do it yourself and then you can head to Washington wherever it may be and do it as America spread and it grew and I've even with the first 13 states it was huge if you wanted to go from South Carolina to Washington it could be over 500 months you can't do that on your own as your own representative for one of the founding fathers didn't right beside your factions actually is it can help Society or is it gonna hinder it is it going to break it up make things more difficult are you actually going to be able to represent other citizens if actually can maybe make your other influences on you if somebody is pulling the party strings the kind of wid thing that were very used to impart some politics over it but funny enough that's how it grew that's how it did others ah but hey george washington some other guys who slipped up and he didn't want parties so we have a system that doesn't have taught each it makes very simple elections and you get election bones like so how many of you will actually go over to vote on myself for sure you go to verse say yes good you'll get a vote who you're going to be basing for you get I'll no I'm not asking for the party you voting for a particular party are you facing to the Prime Minister do you get to like the Prime Minister hmm not under our system but in the United States the good people of Washington house in this set a Minnesota who vote for Mitt Romney and Paul Ryan ferret Obama and Joe Biden actually a whole load of other people as well I've got on one T father doesn't just realized it's a touchscreen system yeah ah equally may give you space masculine this is national level down here this is us saying this is the US representatives never candidates that they're also basing the state offices because under the the way that the government is split between the federal offices Amin the state do you also have honest parallel organization operating in state level so you pick your state people who want to know we also had a constitutional amendment there in Minnesota they're also facing at county level and this was the one that really got me the Soil and Water Conservation District Supervisor how cool would it be to bring the Soil and Water District conservation supervisor and beyond the same ticket the same valet / ask Barrack Obama I think that is pretty cool that's not going to happen over here but what happens when you've actually vote one party all the way through the line probably not you're going to look at individuals who put themselves in front of you who have raised their ideas with you who may be tackling a local issue who may be coming from a course area who may be backed by a group of people who you support you might actually go yeah I'm going Democrat over here i'm going to pumpkin over here and you pick and choose so actually we don't get um how we go back to 2010 we all agreed with nick and the Liberals better all the world's over here think by half ah but you're more likely to get splitting closing you're more likely not get one party through the line in elections what makes people interested about our actions have how would your interest be raised what would you look to so I'm a horrible lecture I asked question parents okay so personal opinions around you what about when you switch on actually you guys don't watch television or you don't watch it linearly or sequentially but when you go and you're really bored in lesson then you hit google page one and you're going right and find politics story would you look at websites and TV or that kind of stuff I hope you do I hope it stimulates you is it a new thing websites relatively new what about television how high do you think that goes back in terms of political coverage 1550s how about fifth to 10 this may or may not work it was like not quite um President Eisenhower the Bison how was a hero I still have one the wall all on his own but it was the Supreme Commander in the European theater I nobody knew what his politics were I'm working on this work at the moment that suggests he may have had it in his mind that he was going to run for president from the end of the walk ah general history says it's much much later he could have been picked by the Democrats in Portillo eventually when he does run he runs his Republic's and he has a very clever guy working for him who manages a TV campaign and says this new medium television which has just come out we've already sold 73 million sets in America 73 million sets which brand news had only actually been around for about four years at the time the guy realized if we buy advertising spots in all the premier television shows at the time I Love Lucy comedy show stuff like that in the gaps or TV is commercial we're going to get one over on our political opponents if this works I hope it does this is the first-ever presidential TV at let's say I might have sought from is even better otherwise I had to sing it you don't want to hear me sing it that something might start going and start moving clearly people are we just let it down basic because i like i like like I bike for precedence good slogan kind of stakes vice president running with him at the time was guy called dick Nixon they also had slogan for deck which is very similar but I'm not going to repeat that is not going to work now so we'll get rid of it this could blow the presentation sky-high us because we move on it seems to work for I he's the guy got the red stones there's a lot of the movies are very sweeping victory to 39 states at that time there were only 48 to States of America don't come on until the end of fifties ah absolutely slow to that likes taking some loose or no virtue whatsoever in using advertising in using this kind of television ha it's a fad no one's going to take it out ah we move forward to nineteen sixty some more famous one it's one that everybody at Reading University where I am right so sakes about and the influence of television on campaign ah we have John F Kennedy fresh young ah good haircut smart suit excellent rhetoric very good speech writers who's standing against dick Nixon dick Nixon has been the vice president for eight years already he is well known is he particularly liked he's maybe not quite such a likeable character he's only actually four years olds of in Canada ah dick Nixon decisis going to come home in every state he's going to campaign all across country while he's campaigning with fascists knee on the door he ends up in hospital he loses a lot of weight he turns up at the first TV debate the first time ever presidential candidates have got together and have spacing issues and he turns up in a pail of racing's pale racing that he's also looking pale and himself this is a guy who can grow a beard in a day see this gentleman's bid over here take medicine can grow that beard remaining the ball you freely after me ah he left stubborn he looks and shamed he doesn't look very healthy he's lost 20 pounds his six is hanging up in a little bit bad choice of soup not least because even though color television exists at this time it doesn't exist for live broadcasting and this is a live band Kennedy has been briefed brilliantly but he has makeup it covers up the sweaty sheen dick Nixon doesn't have to hang up it looks a bit shady there is a kind of a myth that says those who watched the television thought that Kennedy won the debate and those who listen to the radio thought that Nixon it it's a wonderful part of the myth of hindsight because there are actually no firm statistics that show I'd like there was study on the radio it involved 280 people i think professor Davis would probably say that in a country that probably at that time is 250 million are 200 odd people isn't really a viable sample but what we have is Kennedy realizing that it's not about mrs. doctors it's not about going around from states take anymore you're going to reach people through the medium they're most comfortable with you're going to get to them a tee time on the news if you have a good thing to say it's a follow-up picture there that shows by the time the second and third debates camera he makes an advantage lesson he's using makeup is in a dark suit a dark-type is making the right impression but maybe he had already lost the election and there is interesting thing too is that when he ran again in 68 and in 72 there are no televised debates doesn't want to get burns twice a cost daddy we had to thanks for everything 2012 you got a Republican driving that just looks like the worst ever episode of tape where it I don't action look that much better when I get down there one shocking thing I find still is that there is only one woman to that line michelle bachman there but everybody now is in the starch press white shirt they're all in smart Tyler in the dark suit and it's about presenting an image but is it just about presenting an images at the right kind of image or is it about getting policy person if it's back in policy processing across is it ideological is exposing it's an interesting thing my hypothesis if like is that it's about individuals I'm tempted to show a little video about Rick Perry might not so I might just jump on but essentially during the questioning they reached else how they would address agency if each of these candidates were elected and became the president of the United States what would they do if they got to Washington and of course Rick Perry sometimes worth what I need to do is get rid of three agencies three big agencies in government hello this one and this one and then he forgets number three and at that moment repairing is no longer a viable presidential Council because he is being scrutinized by the courts on television he's being scrutinized by the nation of his peers who might not actually know that much beyond what they see on television about his policies they may not particularly know where he comes from on the spectrum in terms of Republicans if that's Hiller the hell is here then make me wreck is just a little bit to the right ah but all they're saying is this very very almost cut English image someone who loves their lines on television he can't remember what he was meant to say he spent the last five years trying to recover from that and may still himself forward in 26 days ah but what we get is led about lest of our policy and more about a beauty contest if you've got the good hair if you've got a good teeth maybe you're going to attract the money that will enable you to run ah rick is therapist still I want to show this while we see if it works if not we'll just jump on again because there is something else that comes out in American politics like we really don't get over here America is a far more religious nation I am so glad I put so much YouTube in this presentation it's working so well um candidates will come out and talk about God havoc candidates you talk about God's in bro get on hello everyone what do we think about Tony Blair when we started talking about face did that make you think I would a wonderful man Tony Blair is absolutely not i dint for me it's a little bit crazy but it's hugely different things though to go prepared when i won so we will move on dry and work to Lane out of time it's rather different in fact we've got owned such five percent of all Americans claim that they are people of faith forty-four percent of americans claimed to be Protestant twenty-four percent of all Americans claim speak Evangelical Protestant twenty-four percent one in for one in four of the vote that is a very big constituencies that you want to win or some people want with some people will go out on a limb to pick up that kind of out does it winning practice 1980 quite possibly Ronald Reagan goes to a conference where he is surrounded by evangelical Christians it's a bipartisan conference though it's not specifically Republican so he stands there and says I know this isn't about endorsing me I know you can't endorsement but I endorse you he's percentage of the votes among that constituents just went like that overnight it was influential maybe not um totally driving lights or Raven's wing I think he was always gonna win but it helped his cause very considerably more recently with George Bush II have George Bush jr. are bringing out an agency within Washington about faith effects can't exactly remember the name of it but then he gets usually criticized because it's not seem to actually deliver anything but if you're going to invoke God's on your platform for election maybe carry it through to what you do there are a lot of politicians and I say politicians rather than governments are people within Washington who will carry their cross with them in the election and then hang it on the door once they're getting to Washington very different walking we are why is also very different is money seven billion dollars for the twenty twelve elections seven billion dollars that would almost pay my salary for a week ah in Fairyland we talked panic in the last hour session here where's that money come from well due to the Supreme Court it is now much easier for it to come anonymously all through groups who again are not passive for the answers if they decide on candidates who they would like to win they can put money whether it's directly or some round the corners into that campaigns make it HAP if you're in the House of Representatives how often do you get electrical sorry how often do you have to run for election every ten years five years four years three years Cheers excellent if that man star Baker every two years so as soon as you get to Washington having done all of the hard work to raise the money and we can talk about how much money it is ah in the house run the winning race these days one and a half million dollar since I said go right go to the Senate eleven and a half million dollars do you get that too i get there if i'm running as a candidate and i walk around and i start canvassing you all individually hey so my tweets when each other's the hand of John's the two hundred dollars that come in but it's not gonna matter that much so you have got to look for big money that big money might come from lobbying organization sort of thrill of evil no sections they might be lobbying for something that is very important in your state it might be the catfish industry in Louisiana supporting you or it could be walk behind it or something to find this contractor you are responsible to your constituents when you go to Washington but who's going to be knocking on the door first people be back so quick right way there is I on something in return from people putting my money in and by the way here's a policy that's coming up I likely to take my side of it so it's quite a balancing act there is a huge balancing act between what exactly you're there in Washington to do and increasingly it's making it harder to drive through big legislation because there is so much compete competition for the share of your brains when you're sitting there whether as a senator or in the house and for the share of your voting time and to the share of your policy making so we actually get an awful lot of bills supporting national catfish day in Louisiana and increasingly over the last few rounds of Congress fewer and fewer big important laws being passed on language give any money to these guys this is the British quinn's here or lovely chaps possibly don't have the hair the teeth or necessarily got um so what about Parsons parties did have a traditional roller parties brings together people some cheap control of government policies hey grumbles their interests all of the groups that support them as organized and persuade voters to elect their candidates to office fairly standard definition it be very quite possibly comes from Phil Davison's book she wrote that we keep in davis buy it ah how important is that now i would suggest and my colleagues here may well disagree when we get into the conversation that it becomes less importance but now it is more and more about the individual and who is backing that individual that's fun um so let's look at an individual race my video is not going to work is it so I'm probably are not even going to bother looking at the video there you want to get my slides out which you can and this hours and hours now so rich content behind ah these two guys good hair good teeth nice tights I'm writing for racing Massachusetts in the midterm we have Seth Moulton says oh here is Democrat are you can see very clear difference in the station to them with Richard over here who is the Republican I mean they just look so obviously different immediately don't they um if I was to say to you one of them was gay Mary's a realtor who made his big claim to live on Main Street next door to bomb politically who would you expect Democrat right close your eyes no shop no peeping put your hands in the air if you think that gay married man lives on Main Street is Democrat so see if you do with your eyes up then that you can let your not ridiculed at all when I tell you just how many of you are wrong see mr. Republican Richard Tisei a long time state politician many holes in State Politics for about 20 years very much from the moderate end of the Republicans say is Action Man he's been a captain who's been to Iraq uh he's platoon leader he's had the Bronze Star and various other awards which he keeps out of the media until it's oozing just before voting though I've sick of you yes though because it's not him who brings it into the public domain it's Boston work but I suspect someone tipped off the paper the Boston Globe they are very hard to differentiate between what they both do is a little bit of negative advertising on each other ah Moulton looks bad to say saying he's a Stakes proposition what's he cheat in 20 years he's done nothing if you like him you're just elected more of the same nothing will change professional conversation politics is dirty word are you going to Washington to change things and funny laughs both in primary he has been through then through two saves negative advertising very much American concept as well ah we get to say having a pop of Muslims own waste his money coming from he's raised millions of dollars and he was raised from out of state how is he going to represent you if all of the money he's racing actually comes from tax outside the state who are donating not so about the longshoremen of of of north of Boston get their rights but so that what policy he does get to raise in Washington actually represents those big money sources when it comes down to it Seth Moulton wins easily about 12 percentage points ahead of the other but it was a interesting right it's very interesting we followed it at Reading University by social media thanks week since our we study tweeting to them and the best thing was they started tweeting back little University thousands miles away why didn't matter because we asking some quite further questions and we are some clever questions that wasn't just meets you sending an email which can be ignored but by sticking on by sticking it on their twitter p and they actually had to respond and maybe that's where things are going soon there's 12 points I'd like to pick up before we go how do you get elected in America good hair good teeth ah Henry wrote a book out last year Henry I think will be the Democratic presidential candidate essentially she got all of her policy into her book hard choices if you just if you read it it's the Hillary manifesto dressed up in the book about her time as Secretary of stuff very good she basic very very highly with you cancel that image New York Times put out an image like that that's been revoked every day here down blasts on she scored considerably lower on that picture more candid pictures of just the everyday person rather than the average person I'm chris Christie should be up against the vase pushed risky after the hurricane hit the Jersey Shore in 2012 with Obama hammock is just so cool it just exudes coolness were going there chris Christie good politician had been a trouble with the bridge but not so cool in that picture chris is working on it Chris will never be a thin guy but has lost over 100 pounds it matters Tencent's matter don't ever ever ever ever go and address the nation dressed in a tensor Barack Obama might have had something really really really important to say that day but the news for the next two three four days was not about what came out of his mouth on what was hanging off his shoulders remember those Republicans in 2012 dachshunds white shows good ties fat suit okay you still he still Google News friends with Jesse where do we go now my final points after that there is a paradigm shift in communication we've got an awful long way from I like I like everybody likes like for president um we've got a long way from TV debates where the two finalists Republican and the Democrats can be like stand and are brilliant on television for your benefit what happens in 2018 2012 is that Barack Obama wipes the floor on social media with his opponents but what happens is that we get a very old-style use of social media it is social media treated like any other communication channel so the campaign team at the top are going to put out messages and you're going to respond all you're going to spread them around it's changing that kind of misses the point of twitter or facebook of snapchat but whatever it may be who is the message on those channels come on first time voters you are the digital natives us guys at the front we've learned this this is learned behavior we kind of bring in what we've done before to how we do it now who ends the conversation with Twitter it's about a part of Twitter and good he just owns everything probably the world I guess rich enough you can probably find on presidential candidate all on his own you guys own the message should it be for me presidential candidates be telling you staff or should you be raising conversations sharing the conversations asking questions making it much more to mock retires to communication taking the power of the media out of the hands of the people at the center I'm putting it much more in the hands of the election I suspect list in progression into the 2016 election it may take one or two more rounds before we really switch haribo social communication but the days where you can just go in on an advertising spot and talk out people are going the days when all of you guys are just chatting with the television and it doesn't answer back are going now you can change my last question for you kind of the end of november 2016 who will be preston for me sometimes any thoughts clinton what bills going to make come back laughing yeah so Hillary anyone else jeb bush so we could have Bush versus Clinton haven't been there before um actually are suspected be Barack Obama because he won't actually leave office until January 2007 seen but that was a really bad joke and to finish thanks for your time I do weddings bar mitzvahs we have some time for questions before that I like clothing and Dennis to come back up and it is anything that you sing on there that you would like to respond to and should i leave for it now oh that's like I'd rather hear from the students I don't really want this attitude so happy to answer your questions okay get on the pulse of it social media as well and on our knees people constantly get campaign someone I will just be like an advert it's just like a watch your phone it's exactly the same there's no sort of personal aspect to it I mean point for social media in this sense i think the way forward for you can takes us to youth Alex using the way people can use Twitter for personal reasons obviously every single thing to be about politics and I took one that same principle that the abridgement needs to take that model because we use projects as a boring candidate why not particularly exciting I think of this the social media is the way forward show how really people are is that a naive way to look at it was up so excited yes I am absolutely and firmly with you I'm not sure that political strategists that pulls up yeah political strategists will tend to be of my generation and the generation younger than meter from carex generation them and we have learnt we haven't grown up with fat thumbs and with a phone actually grafted to our heads and we actually use phone sometimes my calls with voice have you have done that it's rich quite good aah and send texts and stuff like that so yeah I know is it something across over how Regina was the first person to actually move on that you know and media ticket far enough and of course he faltered when he yelled after the talkers could he have taken too far enough so President Obama really has taken it as far as any politician if you make a major change and that's how I want of the second election because he was able to pick out you know a Democrat leader precinct where there was you know eighty-five percent Republicans it deems it will pick up the Democrats to social media keep them going you know throughout the election and get him to turn out and vote and it made the difference now in addition to that were they the really important thing that no one ever talks about is that he was able to get average people to contribute to his campaign she had a janitor you know when in Detroit high school giving 10 hours a month and you had people have never been involved in politics whatsoever because the truth is nobody wants to check in general oh you know unless unless they want something ever citizens don't write and contribute to campaigns and it's been getting worse in that regard and ever since George Washington first ran for office when he lost with the House of Delegates Martin Burgess in Virginia he was outspent he made sure that he was never outspent again and back any lot more beer of liquor and wine for the voters and he made sure that he always one vote you know politics is always been that way and usually the person who for local office or for Congress or for president but as most money wins that's true um but we have exceptions we've seen mr. Cantor in Virginia who was the you know majority Republican leader who lost a re-election is primary overwhelmingly about over 24 no he got Spanish at home about a 100 one more so there's still exceptions but day in and day out whoever has the most money place so yeah I think social media is a future I agree the professor that the older campaign people have instead it real probably I've talked about today is this idea of raising money when i ran i reached 120,000 had to borrow a part of that my opponent spent five hundred thousand that was in nineteen eighty I 1998 Congress it was a million dollars from open sea of about twenty forty million dollars we've had a seat in Michigan just a congressional house seat for 40 million a set of risks are always in depth in that league of extraordinary amounts of money the second problem isn't even when the Democrats can raise the money he went there the majority with him president to the majority of the House and Senate it could raise it up line they obviously don't know how to spend it because I'll ask any of you to show me 11 political ad the Democrats have had over the last four years that made a difference or we can have a message because they're camping they have no message at all I mean it's not message where you're running for reelection of the United States Senate to say you know it's true that I've been here 12 years 18 years six years and it's true that I voted eighty-five ninety percent with the president but you know I don't agree with the president or anything and I'm not really Democrat I've got him an independent guy so reelect me as a Democrat did work you know so we are a lot of because those people have not yet admitted the truth that people know more today they're not going to be relying on the television commercials have to watch because they take their television shows and they're going to zap through all that you know I ended you know newspapers don't really exist so who's going to read and newspapers or the editorial page except for acceptor so the president's people did show us what you can do with social media but no one else has yet realized it more questions comments prayer those yep do you think we place too much emphasis on social media in politics today and azeri it has great potential but our current situation because too much is too much crap I'll give me if you like the academic perspective I will defer for practitioner perspective ah you're not one homogenous audience people who don't vote at the moment a young people well that this side of the polls are over in the states and what candidates wherever they are need to realize is that they have to connect with you as young voters find some common perspective some area of interest that is of interest to you and motivate you to do something that is actually really hard which is to get up to get down to the polling booths and to demonstrate your your right as a system and it becomes harder and other ppl develops are old people who made him do it through sense geez you're free having always done if you're looking at policy works in the UK or in the US and we see nothing that you can connect with why would you bother to vote so politicians have to find those points connection and with younger people at the moment one of the ways to do that is through social media I much rather it's situations like this when we see Ashley to know what these are real flesh-and-blood people do not something I mental image that comes through TV screen so I think social media is very very important I think it will become increasingly important but it's by no means the Oriental and those digital agencies who go in and say whatever the question is the answer is social media are actually has to wake up to the fact that there are a lot of answers that's maybe only one of the questions well I agree with everything that you said and I think that it's important to realize that part of the reason that the cost of campaigns have gone up is because those who are giving the money have realized how easy it is to manipulate people in positions of power and so it's an effort to number one by power and at the same time it is an effort to have enough money to be in the face of all the voters to most of the money in campaigns goes to advertising about who you are and what you stand for and that advertising takes many forms from social media and having a whole team to figure out how to manipulate social media so that you can reach a multitude of different audiences and then it goes to the really high priced media which is television where I consider it a form of Chinese brain torture no water torture because it's so constant and so negative and the other thing too because you pointed out a lot of the different psychological aspects the visual I think that all voters should be very cautious about negative advertising and fear tactics because the human mind moves in one of two ways you are either motivated by pleasure or motivated by pain and that is what the advertising industry has understood forever so if they're advertising a car well they sell sex with that you know you you much sexier if you're driving a cool convertible than if you're driving you know a jalopy and so as a result that's the pleasure impetus that hey I want that car because then I'll be cool well it's the same thing in the political forum because if they communicate pain or fear you think oh my gosh I better vote for him because he's going to spend more money on defense and he's going to go after Isis or she's going to do this or that so you really do need to be very cautious about being manipulated by the media and ask yourself are those people communicating you know pleasure or pain got a plug in it and i think the negative wins people say i don't like it but a few wins at ninety percent she's right ninety percent maybe ninety five percent of the money that's raised goes into TV ads to buy those ads and i'll say this at least in my life i don't know about advertising informative my lifetime as far as television ads there has never been an educational political totally everybody learned anything by any candidate from I like Ike when I remember is a four-year-old forward you know that this just does its 30 seconds or 60 seconds what are you going to do you know we mostly attack your opponent or or you know latch onto some popular item or just a just a few seconds but the other problem is it audiences like this don't exist even the 90s when I was in Congress we're running out of groups in earlier you can go to veterans groups school groups you know civic groups in the the Women's University University and University you know women's groups and all these different things but you know those who died out there is a book written about holding alone I mean nobody belongs to anything anymore you can't find him at the end all I could find were the kids Little League baseball games to go to the crowd what did that do politics nothing that's where I could find some adults you know um so I actually started taking some candidates to of bowling alleys and baseball games just to shake hands you know to see people so that's going to continue to be a problem because in television and as I say you know people don't watch you like to eat two dinners there's no other media people don't really read the snail mail date yet you know all those advertisements in the rest so so yeah they're going to have to dock to social media I don't think they have I don't think they have and I think really see all kinds of variations out of the future I think Pollack to you know if you want some mad men that television show you know even there they showed that the politics no step behind advertising or whatever new technique there is in distance but they always do get to it absorb so I think you get there but I don't over there you go I have a question of the audience I'd be interested in at least for answers and my question is I mean from four different people if you had someone instead of us being Americans we were tradition we were running for public office what questions would you ask what do you care about as almost new voters what would you ask about we're just an excuse me since then you okay good what else would you ask about yes student finance and even if cops dude appliances will see the realtor's University it's going to come squad little mind I think I'll own the back of my life okay so us of a major issues among great yes louder please uh-huh and yes I'm Bethany more integration all right well um why would you ask about immigration why do you care about that okay and the gentleman who asked about would you be part of the EU or not why do you care about that so one of the things that I find really interesting among younger voters is that oftentimes they don't understand how decisions being made in the federal government impact their lives and I know whether it's student loans or immigration or the you or whatever a real trick to know how to do I believe is to connect the dots and it always surprises me how people ordinarily don't I mean I always do and I thought everybody did or get but everybody's mind worked that way but I remember campaigning you know on behalf of the environment and people didn't realize that if you dump your waist into the Thames River that and then if you rely on that for you know swimming or drinking water or whatever if it's polluted it's going to affect your health and then that of course would affect the health budget for the country or it would affect the health care system which you as taxpayers are paying into same thing with obesity you know should you care yes I mean if you're your brother's keeper and you have a national health insurance program you do care whether your neighbor is smoking or you know not looking after their so it will cost you more absolutely so I think that's an important skill that if all of you can learn to not only connect the dots but articulate that it's very important particularly in the political arena and one of the other little points I'd like to make is that I'm often asked you know well what do you look for when you look for when you look at these various candidates who are running it's really hard because they put out what they want you to see and what they think is important what I think is most important because I care about change and I think that we're very fortunate to be alive during this time period because I think that we are going through a substantial shift much like the Renaissance and a lot of people you know don't think of it in those terms because how many of you are familiar with the tale about the frog in the pot of water that's on the stove any of you know this story yes no hands up who knows story okay so if you put a frog in a pot of water and you turn the heat up and it's swimming around and it doesn't realize that it's getting hotter and hotter and starting to boil so it doesn't do anything but if you have a boiling pot when you put a fraud it'll immediately jump out that's crises management it's aware of the heat I think most of us are not aware of the shifts and changes that are taking place right now and what do we need most in terms of our political leaders but someone who is a problem solver someone who salivates at the opportunity to figure out how are we going to do immigration differently and I now live in the state of Colorado and I'm very proud of the fact that we are progressive and forward-thinking enough that we were looking at all of the Mexicans that were involved in the drug trade that being killed and all of the Americans that were being killed in the drug trade and we decided that we were going to legalize marijuana for medicinal purposes and then we decided we were going to legalize marijuana for recreational purposes and some people were saying oh my you know how scary well what's so fascinating to me is the medical research industry is now growing creating more jobs people are coming to colorado to study the beneficial health effects of certain aspects in certain compounds found within marijuana and you know i think that we were trying to solve the problem of murder of money leaving the United States but in particular with leaving colorado and going to the mexican war lords and now we have millions of dollars that are going into our education system just from the sale of marijuana because marijuana sales are being taxed so you know it took some real problem solvers to say we're going to do things differently we're obviously failing at the so-called war on drugs how do we address the problem of illegal drugs and have enough money for education and you know people who are problem solvers are the ones who said yeah let's try this out the other way isn't working let's do something new other kids evolution once talk about social media you're talking like a professor open about whether his x was white golden black and blue and you know I mean as watching today shows the morning for left and they said 21 million at that point had been watching that dress on social media let me cover in two more days as a league thing about supportive in America and so I wonder if it was like you know a hundred million people i'm sure and you know just think if the revolution takes place where instead of talking about that dress that we talked about the ecology and what's happening you know with you know our world and we talked about what was happening in the community level and it should be changed for we can save money or we can help bug we could help poor people get better education and you know possibly how could we do that how should we get involved you know i'm just thinking we actually did that instead of talking about whether the dress was vertical and i believe because social media we have potential to get there I'm a hipper passing out of the phase where people read you know an email that says about congressman ribbons that says there was a famous email that went around and it said that when people are left in the Congress automatically a pension Freud there were children go to college for free they have a limousine that drives them and they give free residents and this splint around and I was I was growing health care yeah pre helmet so I was I was going to I heard about this but I was going to run a car at the airport Detroit and I actually heard well-educated well-dressed lady tell her for friends how about this email she got and I saw it right there I you know for me in the old world you know how to old school and actually see it that here she was she believed this and she was some of these people that this was the truth now in a democracy you know Jefferson said the two things you have to have freedom first event be able to say whatever you want to write whatever you want second thing is you have to have an educated citizenry further democracy do so you know it seems to be in social media as this potentially get beyond the television ads to get you know beyond all of the misinformation and lack of information and and really have a discussion about my guess I would ask you that you know what what do you think of how do we get to this new world would that be a new revolution of information for all of us rather than the old system again well if you had something like vote smart how would you get which has you know the facts and you were voting for the first time how would you do what congressman hotel is saying how would you get that word out how would you help disseminate the facts or the truth about a pitiful candidate yes I receive you to try and target at a specific group of people so it depends what we'll Squatch so if you're going to let say stop discussing pensioners yes you may want to do it for that might get better whereas where you're going to try gave this to feed you try the I die on some service as I gave you when you say that one specific method is going to head back there any messages but a big enough for a one size fits all politicians use an awful lot of one size fits all there's a lot of all these little five-minute programs in the run-up to the elections over here or what you get hit with every 15 minutes when there's a great little TV program with the same apps having all the cabin again ok it's that poor communication generation who are any changes so no pressure we have about one minute left is there any final killer question that will make us flows out of this room and into lunge thinking we're that's the best thing I've ever again no pressure go through how far you think this American style image is coming into British politics you know I don't know about British politics really is it coming into your crystal glasses oh man you just want to be President of Europe so it helps get a leg up in Britain first I do you see it as I asked you right the beginning to do vocals you go for the leader so when you go when you go back to your constituency in prepare for power are you thinking at or like Cameron or Nigel please I saw the politically biased here all nasty better so what she said she think that would you just think of the person who's madness in front of you on the phone because it is so dangerous it's you know I've seen it here mayor of Detroit in a governor and mission and she in heat both thought it was a good day if they got on television not if they had a vote that they accomplished something not even if they got defeated by working for something but if they gotta tell me calm way set people they have good hair they look good you know and and we found a whole bunch of politicians how fun if they don't even have to shake hands with people or meet people it could get elected in their high school class treasurer but if they call it up strangers and ask for a thousand dollars per phone call and spend three hours a day doing that they can be member of Congress and then that four days a week you know think if you're real life into Congress so it's it's because think of what difference that is that in the time of this fence and the tools they have in their life and what they think is an accomplishment and so it's very very dangerous that it's going this way not that I'm sure it hasn't been this way before or under you know um different technologies you know when the railroads owned the Congress for instance you know 150 years ago that was a new technology you know we go through different phases but i think we certainly are one now that i do think is spreading to other nations i think that you know very often you know whatever's in America doesn't attractive and I think television ads have been accepted in nations from world and some of our people that Mother's campaigns going do consulting another country nice and their guns chief justice for this campaign work from home ah I think we're just about at lunch either finished by saying if you want to google any police glass over the next few days the best one that I saw from the mid services by Richard Tisei who I mentioned earlier on that it was water lapping on the shore for 30 seconds north of Boston no commentary what's whether just the tag line at the NSA seconds of car in these months of matters items organized approach that we still didn't would you search the representatives here

Freedom Doesn't Come From Government | Ron Paul

our final speaker this afternoon likely needs little introduction to most of you hopefully during the course of his two presidential campaigns in 2008 in 2012 many of you got to know at least at a distance Ron and Carol Paul and he's with us here today a longtime supporter of the Mises Institute dr. Ron Paul thank you Jeff thank you very much and thank you for that nice welcome you know when Luke called and asked me about coming over and visiting with this nice group I told him it'd be only one condition I said you know I like to go and talk to the young people and ice as long as you get a group where everybody's under 35 I'll come and it looks like it looks like he's fulfilled his promise you know over the years I've been introduced different ways but sometimes I get introduced that I am the husband of Carol Paul so that is what I am today husband Carol Paul well also I we have some special friends with us today and that's what this program depends on the Mises Institute depends on friends and the things that I've done politically or educationally that's been friends like you who have supported us in in many many different ways but we came over from Houston on Thursday with very close friends who have been friends of ours for 40 years I'm sorry it had to mention all those years was about 45 40 years they've been helping and supporting me and the Mises Institute and that's Carl and Louis Davis I'm delighted that you were with us today you know the frequently in the last week people haven't been asked me about the election or did you think about the election was there an election did anything change oh yeah yeah we have Republicans in charge now of the Senate and that's wonderful everything is going to be okay now I said well how many did they elect any more neo-cons in the Senate oh yeah a few but that's not too bad because someday we'll change all that so I guess there was an election I guess there was a turnover and one neat thing is that one group of power-monger out and a groups move in but at least we can find some encouragement there because if you disrupt power I think there is definitely a benefit from this but but overall elections aren't all that exciting you know in the sense of have we seen the changes it's so often over the years I've heard the saying goes this is the most important election in our lifetime and and I used to think oh well boy this is gonna be a big thing all the way back to 1964 and earlier on you know what was gonna happen but it never seems it's quite that dramatic but I think because there hasn't been too much competition and they keep asking well what can we do to get allow a third party and getting competition I said I've been waiting for a second party but then again people say well you heard it incessantly before the election that I ignored and they would say we have to get the vote out everybody has to vote why well because the best examples for everybody voting is in the Soviet system 98% of the people voted and there was a monopoly control over those votes but they're always saying but it's irrelevant how many people vote it's what you're voting for you know if you're voting to endorse the status quo what difference does it really made and actually in the practical sense I thought you know the number of people voting is very interesting so if you're involved in active politics this plays a role in it the first election I was involved in was in in nineteen in 1976 I had to get there was a special election I had to get into the runoff in order to have you know to to have to have a chance and I remember getting into the runoff in a district that had five hundred fifty thousand people I needed thirteen thousand votes so it was very good that a few people came out we got our people and got into the runoff and quite frankly if that had not happened I I doubt very much if I'd be here today talking to you because that's the way events go but it is it is something that people have to make a choice about I get a lot of a lot of questions from young people but being involved in politics and I think it's very important to be involved but also to realize that it's the ideas that that really count and I on a farewell speech to Congress which I'm sure there's copies around here I try to make the point of the difference of being involved in politics and being involved in political activities for special reasons and that makes all the difference in the world but we do face you know a lot of lot of problems there is no doubt about it and like I mentioned in my opening statement I do like to talk to young people as far as I'm concerned everybody is a young person because you have to have young idea to think about liberty and in this sense Liberty is a young idea I think it's only starting of course from people's what do you mean it started back there in 1215 didn't it and yeah it's very interesting but that's only a short time ago when you look at the history of man as conditions on the earth we're talking about millions of years of history and yet just a such short period of time and really the most important changes occur probably over the last two hundred forty years sure we had the Magna Carta and there was some gradually gradual improvements and interest in the cause of Liberty and also it was something that comes you know goes back and forth you get some and you lose some but certainly the founding of this country and the Constitution in spite of its many shortcomings there was a serious attempt to try to advance you know the cause of Liberty and unfortunately though there were some though some of those improvements made it seem like since 1913 they've been rather undermined wholesale so I'd like to repeal 1913 and everything that was passed in that year now the title of my talk that I was him is to talk about why freedom it doesn't come from our government but the judge has handled that subject so well and I couldn't improve on this this is a disadvantage to follow somebody you know as great as the judge in has both his ability and his understanding of the law so I will talk a little a bit about that but he certainly understands what natural rights are about and and I talked about that frequently and I usually have afraid something well where the rights come from in order to include people I believe in in natural rights and I believe in God given rights and some people just call it natural rights and and they don't want to invoke as Jefferson did they create her but it is something natural to us and their individual I've so often talked about one of the problems we face today in this country is there's too much thinking of rights as a collective and it always annoys me that it's so casual is all the time and and the pundits on TV do it endlessly you know what hot in one group vote I think I think it's really you know a very bigoted way to treat recovery children ohad the Blackfeet will vote how do white people oh how do Hispanics vote how do women vote how did the gay people vote and go on and on and look at all this stuff and I think that just undermines steadily this whole concept that our rights are individual we're important because we have those rights and of course have to protect it so it's very easy to decide what the role of government ought to be the government's role is not to provide safety and security the role of government is there to protect our liberties no more than that and that's a pretty clear-cut responsibility too often they want perfect safety and they want perfect security and perfect you you know economic security and how do they do that they do that by taking away Liberty and that of course is what they've been doing constantly so we're where are we today in this effort it doesn't look good but it looks so much better since I left Washington because I spent a lot of time up there and I gave a speech or two but nobody came to listen so when I come to a group like this then I get encouraged and if I go to a college campus and see so many young people coming out I really get encouraged and I think that's where it's all about and I think the work of the Mises Institute has been fantastic and I think what's going on today is not a national thing I always claim that if we're going to make progress it's not a Republican thing it has to be much broader ideas have consequences and we have to infiltrate all the parties and the thought processes and I keep remembering Nixon's statement in 1971 we're all Keynesian now he was right we're all Keynesian and we've been living with that and believe me about 99 percent are still Keynesian in Washington DC but I think things are changing and that that makes all the difference in the world and we are certainly in this transition so there's there's much I think to be optimistic about not only has the Mises Institute been around I would say 30-some years now in early 1980s that I think Lou and I talked about the organization but today there's been an explosion of interest there's been a lot of interest all along and I sensed that during the presidential campaigns that all of a sudden in a college crowd they would say they spontaneously before I even got to the line about the Federal Reserve's they'd end the Fed and the Fed and I said hey wait I haven't gotten to that line yet so that came about because the educational effort and I do know that this is not something going on in United States it's going on around the world and it has to be the world isn't golf with fiat money interventionism economic planning central banking militarism corporatism communism has been defeated I mean who wants to get up and say I'm a communist now the the very vicious entities of the 20th century have been demolished I just think it tragically took hundreds of millions of deaths to prove the total failure of those authoritarian regimes but but today we have we have a tremendous opportunity because in the area of ideas these ideas are spreading because quite frankly I get emails and phone calls all the time from around the world and not too long ago I went to Brazil and I was talking to the individual down there that wanted to have me down there and I said well you know I want to find out what he was all about and it was a well-to-do businessman and he explained to me he said well I said well you know so often we ask when did you get interested in Liberty and Wendy who influenced you as always ask him a few of these questions he said well he was a will to do businessman and doing very well until the crash came and he lost everything and then he came across the Mises Institute and Austrian economics and he was influenced by that not only did he start his own Austrian school down there and a Mises Institute down there he recovered financially so it was a wonderful thing that happened and now and I've been to Chile but there's numerous invitations throughout Europe Eastern Bloc nations that used to belong to the Soviet system so I I wished I couldn't make all the business but it tells you that that these ideas are alive and well and they're spreading and they can't stop them you know as Victor Hugo said you know if we see an arm coming in armies can stop another army physically it's it's possible to do this but on ideas if an idea whose time has come they cannot be stopped by an army and they will invade the entire world I think what is wonderful now and why there's so much opportunity is we now live at a point time in history where it's end of an era yes maybe the early stages of Liberty were talked about the very first time you know to some citizens of England where a were able to make King John sign the Magna Carta but we now have a period of time which is I think so different we had a type of an advancement with the revolution in our Constitution we've had a setback though for a hundred years but I think that's more on a surface and not and not intellectually speaking because I think the last 30 years there has been a tremendous growth on the ideas of Liberty which was opposite of what was happening in the 1930s in the 1930s you know Roosevelt you could look at his platform it wasn't all that bad he was still on the gold standards and balanced budget and limited government and stay out of wars and all these things but guess what the intellectual community was exactly the opposite and once the predictable Depression hit and the problems that we had of course they came to light and Keynes won out in that argument today it is different I believe the undercurrent is freedom and Austrian economics and free markets and property rights and it's spreading like a wildfire and this is the reason why an institution like the Mises Institute and others like this that they deserve the support and people like you make all the difference because a lot of people come up and thank me for doing this and that but the truth is is I can't do anything without support and without help and that's the way it is with an organization like this so we we should be very glad that our numbers are growing and some people get discouraged and they say yeah but we're still so small and we can't take over the government we can't do this but you know what you only need about seven percent of the population to turn it there very few people percentage-wise endorse the American Revolution and I think we're getting to those numbers where there's a great number of the people who are influencing the ideas but then again you still have to have an endorsement or at least an acceptance of these ideas by 51% you 7 7% or 8% won't carry the day you have to finally get a majority of people saying it's in their best interest to go along with a new system and they did that for a long time they did that with socialism and welfarism and they they've accepted that believing it was in their best interest but the opportunity today is so tremendous because the 20th century gave us such a revelation of the failure of so many of these systems for instance I think fiat currencies are on their last legs we were eventually going to get rid of the Federal Reserve System I think the militarism of big government is coming to an end just think right now we have nuclear missiles all over the Middle East and armies and tanks and all the military power and of course we're the we're the largest power and we throw our weight around and we intimidate people and we say you do it too our way and we'll give you a lot of money if you don't we're gonna bomb you and guess what with all that power and might right now what is the greatest concern in the whole world for peace there are like 20 25,000 individuals they joined the group called Isis and we're supposed to hide under our beds because they're about to invade us so I would think if you put it into a proper spectrum that doesn't mean I'm belittling and it's not dangerous it's very very dangerous but it also means that the numbers are smaller and even a government that has all these nuclear weapons all these powers they don't even know what to do you know what do we do now who's gonna fight not us let somebody else fight and you know and they go on and on and then when they do do it they they don't have any any moral support for what they're doing they have no constitutional support from our side from our government we don't declare the wars we don't have a moral standard for it we have the Bush Doctrine which is says well it's important that we start wars now before they before they come and hit us it's the pre-emptive doctors doctrine I would say one easy way to get started on correcting this and when we just pay attention to the Constitution and don't let our government go to war unless it's a declared war but we we have this opportunity I think the Keynesian economics will fail and central banking is going to fail this foreign policy of intervention ISM and big and big armies it will fail but the big question is out there is what's it going to replace it will will the world succumb to accepting total dictatorial powers as always a threat there's always going to be a threat of violence but I I think big government's going to shrink isn't it wonderful now that we have introduced the notion it's being practiced this whole idea of nullification and secession these are great idea so independence you know if people have been critical of me because I sort of taken see on that emphasizes those point and what they want to do is say oh you're on America or that means you wouldn't freed the slaves you know a few things like that so but what about the secession of the colonies from the British Empire I would think that would have been a pretty good Declaration of Independence and what about the breaking up of the Soviet system that's not a bad idea and it isn't like we don't still in this world have an example that we could look at and maybe give a little study to it you know the more I look at it the more I admire at least the intent and really the way it's working Switzerland why don't we have a national defense policy like Switzerland but how many people in this room know the name of the president of Switzerland nobody knows who it is and I was talking to a Swiss citizen the other day and he says I said I fascinating that nobody knows the name of your president he says well there's actually seven precedents yeah you know there are seven elected to the Commission and they vote on somebody who's the president for one year and there's no State Department they have no executive branch and guess what they have no Wars and I am convinced the people don't want the war the government's want the war for various reasons and they control the media and they build up the war propaganda and we've been living with that for so long early on whatever there's a talk of war the people are against it that was the way it was with Iraq and then the propagandists come out and talk people into it and they're lied to and are convinced Saddam Hussein is about to drop a nuclear weapon on us and then a year or so ago our president said you know that gotta wonder Nobel Peace Prize he said now that the an Iraq war has gone so well we can leave there and they will the good war though that we really have to fight is in Afghanistan and that's been going real well too so he says where where where should we go now oh Syria is a neat place why don't we just go into Syria I we never liked Assad he's a bad guy and he doesn't have a good reputation we got to help the people of Syria so of course of course we march in there and drop bombs and that didn't get do do so well and it's getting out of control and and this group Isis they end up with all the weapons so now that we're going back into bombing I just think this is so so dramatic yeah it makes it makes the points so dramatically and that is we decided to go back in and start bombing an instruction to our bomb our pilot says first go and destroy all the American weapons because they roll in the hands of the enemy so so we did that and guess what this week they're going to vote for another six billion dollars for more weapons when I saw that they did that the instructions were to destroy American weapons I thought bet the military-industrial complex are very pleased today so they can keep building weapons so what do we do with this perpetual war and all these problems and it it's not easy I think I think the state the powerful States will be diminished in power and the people have to speak out and and this whole idea of secession and nullification I think that's that's coming along fine I think it's worth the attempt to have a piece of paper that tries to restrain the government that's what the Constitution try to do but in way it didn't work you know it has failed should you give up then there and totally well know what if you had individuals who went into the government with the idea that they had some moral principles that the thrust of the Constitution that you shouldn't you know practice aggression and you should follow the rules so if you had moral principle individuals didn't believe in the Bush Doctrine and that you would try your best not to get involved that would help a whole lot but that hasn't worked yeah there has not been a spontaneous effort it seems like it's the people who love power and love war or the ones who positions themselves in in in this area of influence but then what do what is the other thing to do and that is you know to have you know eventually get rid of these governments that do these things and of course that won't be hard but what else what else can you do and and I think eventually there is no reason why people shouldn't think about you know being a conscientious objector in a in a massive sword away because the refusal to serve in in the military right now is a pretty reasonable thing people say no you have to be patriotic and they said besides didn't you serve yeah I was drafted and I went and and it's the real tragedy is is that you know the 18 year old or 22 year old is hardly a movement to resist the power of the state or being thrown in prison for the rest of your life for doing this but I think that in time this movement can move and move in that direction where less people will refuse to serve in these aggressive wars and people should be more attuned to not paying for them it's about time that we go straight on strike against the militancy of the US government the other reason why I lean toward optimism is is technology just think of all the technology of two three hundred years especially which from the Industrial Revolution on which is probably you know 80 or 90 percent of advancement of science and oh just a short period of time inevitably all this advancement of technology has gone into the hands of the government to fight more Wars and kill more people so we should get the hands of get the government's hands out of this business and I think there's an opportunity for us to take technology now and use it for the cause of Liberty for instance like the internet do we have to depend on the government stations you know do we have to depend on government TV oh you know you say their private yeah sure they're their private but it's the same news no matter where you get it so are we going to do that and or should we be able to get around it yes we can the Internet is something unbelievably massive and of course you say yeah but the government's watching us they they know where we're going and what we're gonna do but what about encryption there has to be people out there are a lot smarter than I am about technology and is I can read the stories of how private industry is trying to use encryption to defy the government and what we want is it's a contest now between between private inscription encryption versus government surveillance and there's no reason why we can't be optimistic enough to think that technology can be used for the cause of peace and I think this is one of the reasons why our movement is succeeding its technology and you know how can we talk to people around the world you know instantaneously the other night I did a couple a couple tweets dealing with the election I had to confess I did watch the election return and somewhere I was suggesting a few things here at home I got a few criticism but I got a lot of results from around the world they were interested you know so it's instantaneously instantaneous and that's what I think is so marvelous so I really believe there's a lot of room for for progress we have to accept a couple basic principles a libertarian principle and it fits my personal religious Christian beliefs and that is the principle of non-aggression well why why should we ever accept the idea that you can initiate force against somebody oh because he might hurt himself we're gonna force you to wear your helmet you might fall down and hit your head and I'll have to pay for your hospital bill so I'm gonna force you to do this and you don't eat right I'm gonna force you to do that and besides you might gamble your money and they have all these things that they they they have to want one to do so I think that now we have this tremendous opportunity to reverse that trend and it's available to us so I'm I believe that the whole idea of freedom can be even advanced to the point where it can be achieved not not even with our government especially without government because I think that's where it'll come from but the the other important thing about the two basic principles that I try to follow one of non-aggression and of course the Basquiat principle is fantastic and I think I've gotten a few people to read that book over the years and the idea is most people understand that we're not supposed to steal from our neighbor and we're not supposed to hurt our neighbor neighbor and fortunately that's still basically understood but they don't understand it if you and I can't steal from our neighbor we should never let the government do the stealing for us but the other basic principle is that of Tolerance and this is the toughest one for a lot of conservatives because tolerance for many people mean that you endorse it so if but that makes no sense because most Americans you know endorse the principle accept the principle of freedom of religion and principle so does that mean that the extremists have certain beliefs that you can't stand you don't tolerate you think they're bizarre no if you don't hurt anybody you can have any belief that you want but you just tolerate that and put up with it and and yet so so often people say well yeah that's true but what if they do things we don't like you know what if they gamble what if they have personal habits and practices that we don't accept we have to make them better people and it's a responsibility to government well anytime the government gets in the business of trying to mold behavior anytime that they want to get involved in developing excellence and virtue which would be a personal goal when the government does that they only do it with the with the tearing up and the usurpation of Liberty and that's what they do constantly the do-gooders a.1 you have the economic do-gooders and they play on emotions and say oh you don't care you're not a humanitarian you're gonna let the people start yeah yeah just look at the world how many people starved under true Liberty versus how many people starved under communism and socialism and fascism and how many people suffer now today because of totalitarianism I believe in in a sense that if you are concerned about your fellow man and you have these humanitarian instincts that you care about the maximum help for the maximum number of people you have to believe in a free society you can't have any other option for being I think the wonderful thing about Liberty is that it brings people together because if there's one group that wants liberty for one thing that I don't want to have any part of and another group wants it for somebody else they might have a religious belief or something else it it it should bring us together if you're going to use Liberty you want to get everybody together to defend and promote Liberty and then not argue and fight over how a person uses their Liberty because it's individual and even if Liberty hurts one's self they have to be allowed to do it the worst thing you can do is have a government that wants to protect you against yourself there's nothing left once the do-gooders get involved in that and we have way too much of that right now so we have I think a wonderful opportunity I see there's a the era an era is ending how fast it's going to go and how well how successful we are I nobody knows this but I do know that if we don't propagate and promote and expand these ideas not just in the Mises Institute or not just in Texas are not just in a Republican Party or not just in the United States it has to be Universal because it's been Universal for too long about tyranny of government and people people talk to me and they'll say well your your your radical you want to go back to the Dark Ages no I would say tyrannies in the Dark Ages we want to advance the cause of Liberty so it's it's very modern it's it's very new and it's delightful there's so no reason why we should lose the intellectual fight how can we lose the fight when we talk about allowing people to run their own lives as they see fit have more prosperity and more peace how can we lose this argument and basically it's because people want a free lunch now the free lunch was a strong argument and the free lunch or the prosperity came because we did have a fairly free society and therefore we took advantage of it the people concentrated on just forced redistribution and they thought it was in their best interest but that's all behind us there's no more free lunches because this country is totally bankrupt it's all a facade is it's a myth and someday is going to come crashing down our head and there should be one goal and that is the restoration of Liberty if they take all our wealth from oso way tomorrow and gave us our Liberty believe me we would all recover rather quickly Mises had great advice for us he says it takes two kinds of people to promote you know a society he says there has to be individuals and I'm sure he included himself because he was people who think in a theoretical terms and write theory and write about economics and and and the prints these principles they have to put him down but then he said there's another group that has to be able to take that and I like the word that he used he said there's another group that has to take him and make these views palatable to the masses of people and then when they accept that then we they move on and this is what we're in the process of doing we will continue to have individuals write the intellectual papers and and explain economics I was so excited in my younger days when I had natural instincts I think we're all naturally libertarians and they beat it out of us but I was so excited I was so excited to discover the Austrian economist because hey they agree with me the whole thing is that they give you intellectual support for these views and and we're way ahead on this so this to me is we're looking for people who who will help make these use palpable everybody has a responsibility and I believe so sincerely that a group like this and I know you're all below 35 so you have a lot of time to do this and that is that you have a greater responsibility if you know what's wrong on your cable boom you've read and you're convinced I believe you have a greater moral responsibility to do something about it analyst so often people will come up okay you convinced me tell me what I have to do and I have a very simple answer do whatever you want do whatever you think you can do it everybody has another angle they can do things they and their people that have gotten involved in last several years have been very creative so I'm excited about what's happening not naive they're still going to be a lot of a lot of violence and a lot of trouble but I just want to keep it logo I want to take the power away from the government and let us the people solve the problems thank you very much you

How many levels of government should we have?

Australia like many countries has not just one but three levels of government but why what is it we think our state or local governments can do that our federal government can't or vice-versa we know from research that the vast bulk of Australians think we should have a better system but we've also found that about sixty percent of people think we should keep at least three levels in that system and very few would chop it right back to one most think it's good to have different levels if only so different governments can keep a check on one another about 80% of people like the fact that if we want to we can elect different political parties at different levels of government even though when it comes to how they'd vote only about 25% would actually do that so how many levels of government do you think we should have in our system and what should they each be there for after all it's your political system – and ultimately it's whether you trust it that keeps it alive