Every State in the US


This is “Every State in the US” by Wendover
Productions and made possible by The Great Courses Plus. We’ll start with Alabama, the first state
alphabetically. Magnolia Springs, Alabama is the only town
in America to have their mail delivered by boat, although the longest mail delivery route
in America is in rural Oklahoma where delivery drivers have to drive 187.6 miles each day
to delivery the mail to around 200 houses. Oklahoma’s state vegetable is the watermelon,
which happens to be a fruit, and Oklahoma is also home to Kansas, the town. The real Kansas, or more specifically this
point, is the geographic center of the contiguous United States. What Kansas is not home to is Kansas City
which counterintuitively is in Missouri where the population center of the US is—the average
location of every American. Missouri borders eight states, and is therefore
tied with Tennessee as the state that borders the most other states. Tennessee was a southern state that seceded
from the United States and joined the confederacy in the lead up to the Civil War except for
Scott County which seceded from Tennessee and formed an unrecognized independent state. Scott County didn’t actually officially
rejoin Tennessee until 1986. Tennessee’s western border was originally
defined by the course of the Mississippi River which has since changed course which has led
to all these enclaves and exclaves of the two states on the two sides of the river. The Arkansas River, a major tributary of the
Mississippi, begins all the way in Colorado, where nobody’s entirely sure which mountain
is the tallest, Mount Elbert or Mount Massive, since their heights are within 10 feet of
each other and people keep building piles of rocks on the summits to make one mountain
taller than the other. Colorado is also home to the America’s longest
continuous street —Colfax Avenue in Denver at 26 miles long, but the shortest individually
named street in America is reportedly McKinley street in Bellefontiane Ohio at a mere 28
feet long. Ohio’s northernmost point is actually south
of Canada’s southernmost point—Pelee island. Pelee island, Canada, in fact, is farther
south than parts of 27 states including California which as a state has a higher population than
the entire country of Canada. Los Angeles, California, despite being on
the Pacific ocean, is east of six state capitals including Reno, Nevada. Nevada has the point in the entire United
States where you’re farthest from a McDonalds—only 116 miles—although Nevada is not the state
with the fewest McDonalds. That title goes to the state with 29 McDonalds,
North Dakota, which according to some legal experts wasn’t technically a state until
2012 since their constitution was missing this sentence which meant it didn’t fulfill
the federal requirements for statehood. Despite having the fewest McDonalds, North
Dakota is not America’s least populated state. That’s Wyoming which has two sets of escalators
in the entire state. Wyoming is well known for hosting Yellowstone
National Park, although a bit of it spills over into Idaho, though in this section you
can get away with murder. You see, with the sixth amendment, if you’re
placed on trial its required that you are judged by a jury of your peers which means
individuals from the same state and federal district as where the crime was committed. Yellowstone is its own Federal district meaning
you’d need residents from Yellowstone to be on the jury although if you were in the
Idaho part you’d need Yellowstone residents from Idaho to be on the Jury… except this
50 square mile section is entirely uninhabited, so they wouldn’t be able to form a jury
which means you’d walk free. There’s also one single road connecting
the entire southern section of Idaho to the northern section. Idaho, with its fairly low population, has
one single telephone area code for the whole state, just like neighboring Montana. Montana is home to the least busy commercial
airport in the US—Dawson Community Airport—at 4,000 passengers per year or about 11 per
day. Missoula Montana is also home to the warehouse
of DFTBA where you can buy one of these—a Wendover Productions t-shirt—for only $20. The link is in the description. The busiest airport in America is Atlanta’s
at 49 million passengers per year or 135,000 per day. Peachtree, a suburb of Atlanta, is a community
that has 90 miles of golf-cart specific roads adjacent to its normal roads since 9,000 families
here have golf carts as their second cars. Kids are even encouraged to drive to school
from the age of 12 in their golf carts. Georgia, or more specifically Springer Mountain,
Georgia is the start of the 2,200 mile long Appalachian Trail which is a hiking trail
that terminates way up at Mount Katahdin, Maine. Maine is the only state in the United States
to only border one other state and its also the closest state to Africa—seriously, its
closer than Florida. The second closest state to Africa is Massachusetts
or more specifically Cape Cod, Massachusetts which is technically an island since a man-made
canal separates it from the mainland. Massachusetts is actually farther from Miami
than Panama City is, and Miami is closer to the country capitals of Nassau Bahamas and
Havana Cuba than to its own state capital—Tallahassee. Florida has the lowest highest point of any
state—312 feet—23 times lower than South Dakota’s highest point. South Dakota is home to the geographic center
of the entire United States including Alaska and Hawaii and it was made a state a mere
nine days before Washington, which was called Columbia before it became a state. Its name was changed as to not confuse it
with the District of Columbia but obviously that didn’t work out since DC’s city ended
up also being called Washington. Washington Place is the official residence
of Hawaii’s governor and Hawaii was given its own unique currency during WWII that was
its only legal tender so that, in case the Japanese successfully invaded Hawaii, the
federal government could declare all of Hawaii’s currency worthless to prevent the Japanese
from using it. The closest state to Hawaii is Alaska whose
capital, Juneau, has no roads connecting it with the rest of Alaska or North America meaning
you can’t drive in or out. Alaska is also one of the four states that
completely bans outdoor billboards along with Hawaii, Maine, and Vermont whose tallest building
is only 11 stories tall. That’s the shortest tallest building of
any state. The tallest building in the states is Freedom
Tower in New York. New York is home to Ellis Island, or at least
this part of it. Their territory is completely surrounded by
New Jersey, similar to Liberty Island—home to the Statue of Liberty—which is completely
surrounded by New Jersey Waters which means you need to travel through New Jersey to get
from New York to New York. Clinton Road in West Milford, New Jersey has
America’s longest red light—a full five minute wait. New Jersey actually goes surprisingly far
south[(still view of Kentucky’s —farther south than Kentucky’s northernmost point.] In its south-west corner, Kentucky has a rather
large piece of territory thats not actually connected to the rest of Kentucky. Kentucky was the birthplace of Lincoln who
was later elected to the Illinois House of Representatives and in Illinois is the original
burger king, but its not the burger king you’re thinking of. This burger king existed before this burger
king and therefore sued burger king when they came to Illinois for trademark infringement
and won, so now no burger king is allowed to operate within a 20 mile radius of this
original burger king. Chicago, Illinois, America’s 3rd largest
city, is just a tad larger than the forth largest city—Houston, Texas and Texas is
so enormous that El Paso, Texas is closer to Los Angeles than it is to Houston, Texas. Texas’ northernmost point is also closer
to Michigan than it is to its southernmost point. From Detroit, Michigan, you actually end up
in Canada if you travel due south and Michigan is also the only state to be made of two entirely
separated sections. Michigan’s Highway 185 is actually a bike
path making it the only official highway in America where cars are banned. Michigan’s upper peninsula is only connected
by land to Wisconsin which is home to the Green Bay Packers—a team so popular that
the waiting list for season tickets is 30 years long. It’s so long that its common for parents
to put their kids name on the list as soon as they’re born. In Watertown, Wisconsin is Utah street, but
the real Utah has the longest section of Interstate in the US with no gas stations—106 miles
on I-70. I-70 ends over 2,000 miles away in Baltimore,
Maryland and the entire state of Maryland has zero natural lakes. It also has this panhandle that reaches a
minimum width of 1.8 miles before expanding back out to 30 miles width out near West Virginia
which is definitively a southern state but also has a panhandle that reaches as far north
as New York City and Nebraska. Monowi, Nebraska is the only incorporated
municipality in the United States that have a population of one. The one resident, Elsie Eiler, is mayor and
runs the library and tavern which is granted a liquor license each year by Elsie herself. Tortilla Flat, Arizona is six times larger
than Monowi since it has six residents and Arizona also has 1/4 of the four corners monument—the
only point where four states meet in the US—Arizona, Utah, Colorado, and New Mexico which as a
state, by law, still recognizes Pluto as a planet. New Mexico is typically the last state to
vote in presidential primaries whereas Iowa is usually the first. Iowa is the only state in the US whose eastern
and western borders are both water—in this case rivers. The eastern border is the Mississippi river,
which happens to be the namesake for Mississippi. The Mississippi river also flowed backwards
for a full 24 hours in 2012 during Hurricane Isaac but the Mississippi doesn’t actually
reach the ocean in Mississippi. It does so in Louisiana—home to the longest
bridge over water in the world at 24 miles. That’s so long that for eight of those miles,
you can’t even see land on either side. One of the other longest bridges in the US
is in North Carolina—the the Virginia Dare Memorial Bridge which carries cars out to
Kitty Hawk where the Wright Brothers successfully flew a heavier than air aircraft for the first
time in history. It was a 12 second, 120 foot flight—thats
shorter than the wingspan of a Boeing 747. North Carolina’s southern neighbor is South
Carolina although South Carolina isn’t all that south since more than half of it is north
of North Carolina’s southernmost point and South Carolina also has a town called North
making it North, South Carolina. South Carolina was the site of the first civil
war battle and the civil war ended up having a total of one battle over in Indiana where
the Indy 500 speedway is which is so enormous that you could comfortably fit the entire
country of the vatican inside it. It can also fit 400,000 people which is the
highest capacity of any sports arena in the world. Indiana’s state beverage is water, while
Oregon’s is milk. Portland, Oregon is home to the world’s
smallest park according to the Guinness world records book—mill end park. Oregon is also one of the few states to not
have a sales tax along with New Hampshire—the only state to have no law requiring adults
to wear seat belts. Connecticut Lake, in New Hampshire, is the
source of the Connecticut River which is what Connecticut the state is named after. Hartford, Connecticut’s airport, at less than
3 million passengers per year, is the smallest airport in the US to have a direct flight
to Europe. Delaware, on the other hand, certainly doesn’t
have a direct flight to Europe since its the only state that you can’t fly to. There’s not one commercial flight in or
out of this tiny state. It’s the second smallest state behind Rhode
Island which is so small that the entire state grows by 3% during low tide. Rhode Island’s second largest city, Warwick,
shares its name with Warwick Pennsylvania and in Pennsylvania is Centralia where the
ground has been on fire since 1962 due to a coal mine fire and its expected to burn
for over 200 years. Pennsylvania borders Minnesota, well not really,
but Pennsylvania Avenue does intersect Minnesota Avenue in DC, and Minnesota is home to the
northernmost point in the lower 48. You see, most of the US-Canada border is defined
by the 49th parallel but a surveying error led to this. The couple hundred residents of this area,
called the Northwest angle, are completely cut off from the US and need to pass into
Canada then back into the United states to go to school. Also in northern Minnesota is Virginia, the
town, but Virginia, the state is massive. So massive that Ewing, Virigina, is closer
to eight other state capitals than it is to its own state capital, Richmond. Alexandria, Virginia is actually closer to
Toronto, Canada than it is to Ewing, Virginia. Virginia also happens to go farther west than
west Virginia. Virginia is also home to this place, the headquarters
of the Teaching Company who run the Great Courses Plus. And with that super smooth transition I do
have to thank the Great Courses Plus for sponsoring this video. The Great Courses Plus is a subscription video
on-demand learning service where you can watch top-notch lectures from experts from Ivy League
Universities, National Geographic, the Smithsonian, the Culinary Institute of America and more
well-known institutions. They have a library of over 7,000 lectures
about pretty much anything and everything—you can learn how to cook, how to play chess,
become a better photographer—pretty much anything you want to learn, they have a lecture
on it. I personally really enjoyed a course by National
Geographic called National Geographic Polar Explorations which teaches all about the science,
history, and culture of the polar regions. If you want to learn about this or any of
the hundreds of other topics they have, you can do so for free for a month by signing
up at theGreatCoursesPlus.com/Wendover. A clickable link is also in the description. After that completely free first month, plans
start at $14.99 per month. Other than that, you can support Wendover
Productions at patreon.com/wendoverproductions, follow me on Twitter @WendoverPro, watch my
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you in two weeks for another Wendover Productions video.

The courts define Trumps presidency in all ways Politics


The courts define Trumps presidency in all ways Politics Trump got to celebrate a big win Wednesday . And there are signs that a case in Louisiana , his predecessors top domestic achievement. The courtroom action this week represents a potential reversal of fortune for Trump following a long list of defeats the President has tasted on cases from immigration to the 2020 census to his efforts to thwart Democratic oversight to his central campaign promise to build a border wall. For a man who bills himself as one of lifes ultimate winners, Trumps legal losing record is a branding nightmare. Yet the intimate relationship between this President and the that normally powers Trumps life. The judicial system serves multi dimensional roles for Trump in his personal, business and Washington life. While the law has often frustrated Trumps political goals, he has still used it as a weapon to combat Democrats, as the glue in his conservative coalition and to postpone threatening political crises. Often as in the case of Trumps national emergency declaration designed to fund his border wall or the census it seems as if the long odds in court do not deter the President. The law gives Trump another venue for the endless fights that sustain his politics and his personality. Even if he loses he is showing his supporters hes never giving up the battle. Trumps judicial appointments are likely to shape the character of American life for years after hes left the White House. And its still possible court rulings could pose an existential threat to his personal and business legacy given the flurry of cases currently open in New York. A rare win As is often the case, Trumps wins in the courts have been outnumbered by his losses this week. On Tuesday, an appeals court by blocking Twitter users. The administration has just tumbled to defeat before different judges including in the Supreme Court on its attempts to place a citizenship question rulings in May upheld Congress in its battle to subvert Trumps war on oversight over Democratic lawmakers efforts subpoena his financial records. Trump has also tasted defeat in huge cases on immigration slowing or thwarting his , and right at the start of his term on The Supreme Court has since allowed parts of a rewritten plan to stand. Research by the the University of New York School of Law showed that the administration had won only three of 42 deregulatory cases, a paltry success rate of only 7 percent . Yet Trumps relationship with the courts is actually far more complicated than the win loss ratio with which he judges his own success and that of everyone around him. In decades as a businessman Trump was the initiator and the target of He used the courts to try to extricate himself from dicey situations, as a weapon in negotiations and to test the legal limits of business practice. He used lawsuits to save face, to offer a new venue to prolong a fight, to put off a reckoning or agreed out of court settlements to limit the costs of personal and business liabilities. Legal power plays As President, Trump has also used courts to fulfill wider goals than simply winning and losing cases, especially since hes struggled to get many major bills through Congress apart from a big tax reform program. With bold assertions of executive power, Trump has made the courts a constant presence in his presidency. When hes won, hes trumpeted it. When more often he loses, the judgments become exhibits in his foundational political case that an elite establishment is out to get him and that hes being treated unfairly. “So now the Obama appointed judge on the Census case Are you a Citizen of the United States? wont let the Justice Department use the lawyers that it wants to use. Could this be a first?” Trump tweeted His frequent complaints about “Obama judges” reveal his view that the courts are simply an extension of the political game and earned him a rebuke from Administrations often try to achieve through the courts what they cannot legislatively and the Trump team along with allied GOP states has been especially enthusiastic in this regard. Just this week, in a hearing in New Orleans, twoappeared to suggest in oral arguments that a fresh challenge to Obamacare could succeed. The case also reflects the manner in which, in an era of congressional stasis and polarization, courts are being called upon to do the job lawmakers might once have done. Judge Kurt Engelhardt questioned why, after a US district judge declared the whole ACA unconstitutional, Congress did not pass a law clarifying what provisions should stay on the books. “Why does Congress want the … judiciary to become the taxidermist for every legislative big game accomplishment that Congress achieves?” Engelhardt asked. The administrations legal gambits have often reflected the chaos and politicized arguments that rock the administration every day and have sometimes hampered its own chances of success. Last week, for instance, a Justice Department lawyer admitted he had no idea what was in Trumps mind when he suddenly reversed course on the Personal litigation Sometimes, Trump has turned to personal litigation to try to frustrate his political enemies. In March, Trump personally sued his own to try to stop the handover of his financial records. The President has sometimes been the target of litigation as well: Democrats are increasingly turning to the courts to enforce subpoenas. A huge test of presidential authority is looming over Trumps sweeping claimsthat may eventually work their way up to the highest courts. The cases could eventually lead to profound rulings about the scope of presidential power that could resonate for decades to come. And if Trump were to refuse to hand over documents or tax returns ordered by the courts, he could turn overused predictions of a looming constitutional crisis into reality. Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchins refusal to handunder a provision of the tax code is likely to spark a long and costly court fight. Thats an example of where legal action suits Trump just fine. In such cases theres a good chance he will fail on the merits but the laws slow march means that hes at least putting off a threatening political situation for another day possibly even beyond the 2020 election. Each new challenge becomes a new example of the “presidential harassment” the term Trump and his allies use to stoke a sense of victimhood around his administration and to solidify his support with his all important political base. While the President may feel that he has a good chance of evading the worst possible outcome of he may not be out of the legal mire yet. Trump is facinginvestigations of his business, financial affairs, personal conduct, his foundation and inaugural committee. A lasting legal legacy The political synergy between Trump and the courts has an even deeper connection to his presidency than cases in which he is embroiled. The Presidents decision to publicize a list of potential Supreme Court justices vetted by the Federalist Society was in retrospect one of the smartest moves of his 2016 campaign, embedding evangelical and judicial conservatives into his support base despite doubts about his character and ideology. Trump has delivered on his vows to build a conservative majority on the Supreme Court with the seating of Justices Neil Gorsuch and Brett Kavanaugh. The courts new ideological balance means that rulings favorable to Trumps leanings on everything from deregulation to abortion could be handed down for years to come. And the Presidents alliance with Senate Republican Majority leader Mitch McConnell has been confirming conservative judges to lower courts at an impressive clip. According to the Trump has installed 127 federal judges more than President Barack Obamas figure of 89 at the equivalent point in his presidency. There is no guarantee that such judges will necessarily share Trumps challenging and unique interpretations on the limits of presidential power. But some of them could provide a more ideologically friendly judiciary for Trumps policy efforts if he wins a second term and could help break his losing streak. And the Trump class of judges at all levels of the federal bench is likely to frustrate a future Democratic president.

Beyond Politics and Prose White nationalists target bookstores, libraries in protests nationwide


Beyond Politics and Prose White nationalists target bookstores, libraries in protests nationwide The Northwest Washington bookstore began training employees earlier this year to respond to flash protests, co owner Bradley Graham said. The decision came after previous author events, including a talk last month by former homeland security secretary Janet Napolitano, drew the ire and attention of left wing activists and agitators. A band of white nationalists just interrupted a talk by about his new book called Dying of Whitness at . Politics and Prose isnt alone. Bookstores, libraries and book fairs have become frequent targets of white nationalist groups, who in recent years have interrupted author talks, childrens reading hours and, in one instance, threatened to burn down a bookstore in Berkeley, Calif. One of the issues is we cant always anticipate what author or event might draw protesters or a demonstration, Graham said. Clearly, when the political climate heats up, there would seem to be more kindling that could be lit. But whether this will translate to more disturbances at author talks, I certainly hope not, but who knows. Patrick Casey, co founder of the white nationalist group American Identity Movement, strode into the bookstore Saturday holding a megaphone branded with the organizations insignia and led a chant of AIM on his way out the door. The group, which formed last month and is headquartered in the Washington area, is considered by several organizations that track hate groups to be , an organization that has sought to recruit college students and young conservatives to join its ranks through , according to the Anti Defamation League. Leaders of the American Identity Movement have denied that the two groups are affiliated. But on Saturday, Casey was flanked by nine supporters, several of whom appear to be members of Identity Evropa from states such as Georgia, Illinois and Pennsylvania, according to groups that track and identify white nationalists online. Graham said he hadnt expected the talk by author Jonathan M. Metzl — who was discussing his book, Dying of Whiteness: How the Politics of Racial Resentment Is Killing Americas Heartland — would attract much attention. We have to accept that a lot of this may just be unpredictable, Graham said. Metzls book explores how some lower and middle class white Americans are drawn to politicians who promise to improve their quality of life while also promoting policies that place white Americans at greater risk of illness and death. You would have the white working class trade their homeland for handouts, Casey said into the megaphone as the crowd jeered and booed. In a statement published Sunday on the American Identity Movement website, Casey wrote that Mr. Metzls book fails to discuss the real reasons why leftism has been killing Americas heartland, which he described as globalism, mass immigration and cultural decay that have shifted the countrys demographics. Noting that videos of their interruption have been viewed online more than a million times, Casey said targeting gathering spaces like bookstores and libraries is part of a broader strategy. Disruptions like this are a great way for us to insert our ideas into the discussion on race and identity, he said in an interview. We knew it would be a provocative and bold thing to do, to go into what we felt like is the other sides territory and get people talking about us. When protesters arrived Saturday, Metzl said he was talking about a man in the bookstore audience who helped his father and grandparents escape the Nazis. I was saying how much stronger America is when we think about our responsibility to people in need. At that point, the Nazis walked into the talk, he . It was very symbolic for me. Graham said he has received messages and offers of support from bookstores around the country, some of which have dealt with similar actions from white nationalist groups. Revolution Books in Berkeley, Calif., a regular target of far right activists, tweeted a statement in support of Politics and Prose. We call on every person whose work, morality, and values aspire to a world of diversity, of overcoming the oppression of all peoples regardless of nationality, race, gender, or beliefs to stand with Politics and Prose and with authors and voices exposing this dangerous moment, the statement said. . call 4 Ppl of conscience to stand in solidarity with bookstore authors like vs. racist fascists who stormed bookstore during Here is our statement: RT About a year ago, Revolution Books endured several run ins with far right demonstrators, according to , including a group from Sacramento that stormed the store and insulted people inside. Were going to burn down your bookstore. You know that, right? demonstrator Rob Cantrall said in a taken by bookstore staff. In November, several demonstrators wearing Make America Great Again hats tried to protest a talk in the District by Portland State University lecturer Alexander Reid Ross, who wrote a book called Against the Fascist Creep. Last week, several members of the American Identity Movement targeted a library in New Orleans, where several drag queen performers for years have led monthly story hours for kids. The protesters dressed up as clowns and disrupted the event before being told to leave. Revolution Books and the Alvar Library in New Orleans didnt respond to a request for comment Monday. Politics and Prose, whose Chevy Chase location is down the street from Comet Ping Pong, received threats in 2016 during the height of the , which culminated in a gunman searching the pizza place for evidence of a child sex ring that didnt exist. Graham said despite the uptick in protests in and around the District, demonstrations at his stores remain infrequent. He reiterated Monday that no one was hurt and that the disruption lasted just a few minutes before the demonstrators left of their own accord. But, he added, he and his colleagues have begun to think about the stores security and response to protests with a renewed sense of urgency. We certainly want to keep people safe, but, look, this is a bookstore, he said. We are not going to become an establishment where people feel like theyre walking into a prisonlike environment to go hear an author speak. That goes against our very grain, which is to exist as a place for people to gather and ultimately support free speech. Read more:

The courts define Trump and x27 . s presidency in all ways Politics


The courts define Trump and x27 . s presidency in all ways Politics Trump got to celebrate a big win Wednesday . And there are signs that a case in Louisiana , his predecessors top domestic achievement. The courtroom action this week represents a potential reversal of fortune for Trump following a long list of defeats the President has tasted on cases from immigration to the 2020 census to his efforts to thwart Democratic oversight to his central campaign promise to build a border wall. For a man who bills himself as one of lifes ultimate winners, Trumps legal losing record is a branding nightmare. Yet the intimate relationship between this President and the that normally powers Trumps life. The judicial system serves multi dimensional roles for Trump in his personal, business and Washington life. While the law has often frustrated Trumps political goals, he has still used it as a weapon to combat Democrats, as the glue in his conservative coalition and to postpone threatening political crises. Often as in the case of Trumps national emergency declaration designed to fund his border wall or the census it seems as if the long odds in court do not deter the President. The law gives Trump another venue for the endless fights that sustain his politics and his personality. Even if he loses he is showing his supporters hes never giving up the battle. Trumps judicial appointments are likely to shape the character of American life for years after hes left the White House. And its still possible court rulings could pose an existential threat to his personal and business legacy given the flurry of cases currently open in New York. A rare win As is often the case, Trumps wins in the courts have been outnumbered by his losses this week. On Tuesday, an appeals court by blocking Twitter users. The administration has just tumbled to defeat before different judges including in the Supreme Court on its attempts to place a citizenship question rulings in May upheld Congress in its battle to subvert Trumps war on oversight over Democratic lawmakers efforts subpoena his financial records. Trump has also tasted defeat in huge cases on immigration slowing or thwarting his , and right at the start of his term on The Supreme Court has since allowed parts of a rewritten plan to stand. Research by the the University of New York School of Law showed that the administration had won only three of 42 deregulatory cases, a paltry success rate of only 7 percent . Yet Trumps relationship with the courts is actually far more complicated than the win loss ratio with which he judges his own success and that of everyone around him. In decades as a businessman Trump was the initiator and the target of He used the courts to try to extricate himself from dicey situations, as a weapon in negotiations and to test the legal limits of business practice. He used lawsuits to save face, to offer a new venue to prolong a fight, to put off a reckoning or agreed out of court settlements to limit the costs of personal and business liabilities. Legal power plays As President, Trump has also used courts to fulfill wider goals than simply winning and losing cases, especially since hes struggled to get many major bills through Congress apart from a big tax reform program. With bold assertions of executive power, Trump has made the courts a constant presence in his presidency. When hes won, hes trumpeted it. When more often he loses, the judgments become exhibits in his foundational political case that an elite establishment is out to get him and that hes being treated unfairly. “So now the Obama appointed judge on the Census case Are you a Citizen of the United States? wont let the Justice Department use the lawyers that it wants to use. Could this be a first?” Trump tweeted His frequent complaints about “Obama judges” reveal his view that the courts are simply an extension of the political game and earned him a rebuke from Administrations often try to achieve through the courts what they cannot legislatively and the Trump team along with allied GOP states has been especially enthusiastic in this regard. Just this week, in a hearing in New Orleans, twoappeared to suggest in oral arguments that a fresh challenge to Obamacare could succeed. The case also reflects the manner in which, in an era of congressional stasis and polarization, courts are being called upon to do the job lawmakers might once have done. Judge Kurt Engelhardt questioned why, after a US district judge declared the whole ACA unconstitutional, Congress did not pass a law clarifying what provisions should stay on the books. “Why does Congress want the … judiciary to become the taxidermist for every legislative big game accomplishment that Congress achieves?” Engelhardt asked. The administrations legal gambits have often reflected the chaos and politicized arguments that rock the administration every day and have sometimes hampered its own chances of success. Last week, for instance, a Justice Department lawyer admitted he had no idea what was in Trumps mind when he suddenly reversed course on the Personal litigation Sometimes, Trump has turned to personal litigation to try to frustrate his political enemies. In March, Trump personally sued his own to try to stop the handover of his financial records. The President has sometimes been the target of litigation as well: Democrats are increasingly turning to the courts to enforce subpoenas. A huge test of presidential authority is looming over Trumps sweeping claimsthat may eventually work their way up to the highest courts. The cases could eventually lead to profound rulings about the scope of presidential power that could resonate for decades to come. And if Trump were to refuse to hand over documents or tax returns ordered by the courts, he could turn overused predictions of a looming constitutional crisis into reality. Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchins refusal to handunder a provision of the tax code is likely to spark a long and costly court fight. Thats an example of where legal action suits Trump just fine. In such cases theres a good chance he will fail on the merits but the laws slow march means that hes at least putting off a threatening political situation for another day possibly even beyond the 2020 election. Each new challenge becomes a new example of the “presidential harassment” the term Trump and his allies use to stoke a sense of victimhood around his administration and to solidify his support with his all important political base. While the President may feel that he has a good chance of evading the worst possible outcome of he may not be out of the legal mire yet. Trump is facinginvestigations of his business, financial affairs, personal conduct, his foundation and inaugural committee. A lasting legal legacy The political synergy between Trump and the courts has an even deeper connection to his presidency than cases in which he is embroiled. The Presidents decision to publicize a list of potential Supreme Court justices vetted by the Federalist Society was in retrospect one of the smartest moves of his 2016 campaign, embedding evangelical and judicial conservatives into his support base despite doubts about his character and ideology. Trump has delivered on his vows to build a conservative majority on the Supreme Court with the seating of Justices Neil Gorsuch and Brett Kavanaugh. The courts new ideological balance means that rulings favorable to Trumps leanings on everything from deregulation to abortion could be handed down for years to come. And the Presidents alliance with Senate Republican Majority leader Mitch McConnell has been confirming conservative judges to lower courts at an impressive clip. According to the Trump has installed 127 federal judges more than President Barack Obamas figure of 89 at the equivalent point in his presidency. There is no guarantee that such judges will necessarily share Trumps challenging and unique interpretations on the limits of presidential power. But some of them could provide a more ideologically friendly judiciary for Trumps policy efforts if he wins a second term and could help break his losing streak. And the Trump class of judges at all levels of the federal bench is likely to frustrate a future Democratic president. 2019 Cable News Network. Turner Broadcasting System, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Legacies 1×09 REACTION "What Was Hope Doing in Your Dreams"



hey guys Davis here we have another reaction to legacies season 1 episode 9 last time we met Landon's mother Sayla she worked for the triad company that's her name right I'm pretty sure they captured creatures the room into the pit you know into malov or she got put in there but she came out she was pregnant boom boom she end up sacrificing herself to go back in it was for the greater good but they got the picture and their names on the back of that if I remember I liked so they they at least be looking for somebody named Landon in the dudes a dick he kicked that dude in there he didn't need to so how'd that work did he just like kick him in and then just go like what just happened didn't just forget about it it's funny still a big move the question is late what's going on I mean the whole thing would land in and his father something else is going on cuz there are keys to malware you and malabar opens up somebody's coming out of that thing and I think it'll be – whoever daddy is and that'll be big stuff related but hope hope asked him you know to join up be her boyfriend and hopefully one who remembers the mother after she took her swan dive there are a lot of things that could be in play there it was it just because of her tribrid you know nature who knows but all in all I was all good because at the end they decided to bring Landon back you know he's he's home he's going to the school he should I mean he's he's more than human he's less than ever even every one of them but more than human so ok and I think Landon will surprise us sooner or later probably not this season but I could see next season some stuff going on with him but I'm ready to hop on into this and see what's going on legacies is shaping up to be a good first season we've already got the season to go ahead so we know that we're gonna do good there at least there's no cliff hangings we get to come back finish our stories but if you guys want to view the full uncut version of this reaction you find our patreon link down below we'll take you to it this is legacy season 1 episode 9 let's check it out so this is obviously our monster for the episode or is just a nightmare yesterday right until one of you can't remember how you guys got there I just he's talking about the hit stuff there he stay reading the flash so this is going to be the monster there's some with dreams nightmares what's going on my surprise oh this is definitely a sort of dream wow that was like a Sour Patch Kid in Reverse sweet and sour [Laughter] ego nowhere there's no word paints this obnoxious laughter once you realize that yeah you'd have to tell us you're both werewolves a trap a quite delightful Easter dude spear him Nestor that's the Alpha it's a black queen shape-shifting dreams even Greek mythology it's very true but he's at his ass kicked as well you ever think I would get out of the prison world oh wow they got me I thought he loved it was real all bad Rick I know okay don't get out of that he's a ripper in his dreams Jesse I think it now how are they planning the week wake up temptation you can't take my mailbox you see a dentist you never lie it's disgusting cool [Laughter] but the squad beat the crap out of it Eastern Paquette's feels it's conference I really like this guy it is my job to bust my ass until you see me as someone who did find it I'm really liking this guy always I love this guy lands the man hiren that guess there's more you could tell me about landing Kirby's whereabouts no sorry he was lucky to be adopted by one different family bitchy compulsion you see well there we have legacies season 1 episode 9 we had our first little episode with Landon at the school he has to adjust I liked that he made friends by the end you know well mg was always friendly but you got Caleb too you know rally tall a little bit but it looks like there's something going on with Rafael at Hope cuz no in Landon's absence they did get a little bit close but was very friendly but you know it looks like deep down Rafael may be feeling a little bit more starting to catch feels he's like a you know I Landon's my boy I'm not gonna do that like that so I got to stop this from growing so he's kind of putting the kibosh on he and hope so yeah I'll stay away from me we can't talk like this we can't go over here you have to see what happens there further like what happens with his fields do they grow does it drive a wedge between he and Landon Landers are trying to be with hope but hopes lying to him and trying to trying to duck him a little bit he eventually does though he wins or with that that speech man I've really grown to love him and I love the character Landon is he's dope he's dope he earned his kiss this was an interesting monster though the whole dream thing I first thought it was the hag and then there was this other creature disguised as it and oak was badass when she you know the way she took it out and they really did like you know Freddy Krueger it go to sleep and pull it out some of the nightmares got me like I didn't know is this really happening Rickson I'm mad at how Rick's got me like I thought Rick was he was really taking her away then all sudden he's not they want to do something else though with the urn instead of just having it around you know most of those students are a Tyler's old house well he did give his house to Matt I forgot about that but this episode also dived into the triad industries the guy who's got the picture he's looking up files he sees that a sailor she well she was thrown into the pit already she was absorbed 20 years ago but she she was there and of course by the picture having Landon's name they were able to track him down you could see that the you know their old foster family they'd been compelled he's giving all the details and he's definitely gonna come for our land and well I mean Lena doesn't know anything so there is that but they put supernatural creatures in there like you don't want them around the supernatural school like this I don't see this being good in any way I mean dudes a douche so of course it couldn't be good but I don't know what they'll do I feel like he'll probably end up in the pit before the season is over I'd like that I don't like it that's pretty much it for the episode all in all thought it was good a nice you know it was it was light compared to like some of the other ones but it was it was good you've needed a light one it's like I just I just need to chill help Landon get settled you know make new friends I don't know what's gonna happen next what the student is gonna be doing with if we're gonna have a monster in the next one what's it gonna be like is gonna be one of the you know straightforward ones or is this one gonna actually be like this one a little bit out there a little bit different interesting it can go any way really but I guess now I want to hear from you guys know what you think about this episode your land and being back with the squad no way things going on with this whole thing triad and mal war there's a lot of pieces and it's so fast right now I just I don't I don't know I'm lost like I don't know what they could do so give me some of your theories tell me what's up I look forward to seeing let me know down below in the comments before you guys go if you like this video be sure to give it a big thumbs up share subscribe to the channel to see more you can follow me on social media if you want stable to date these videos find out when they drop and all that and be sure to grab those links down below in the description feel free to leave me an email or message if you have any questions or any requests let me catch all you guys in the next video