News Wrap: U.S. employers added fewer jobs than expected in August

JUDY WOODRUFF: In the day’s other news: U.S.
businesses slowed their hiring in August amid global economic weakness and the tariff war
with China. The Labor Department reports employers added
a net of 130,000 jobs, fewer than expected. That total included 25,000 temporary workers
hired for the 2020 U.S. census. The unemployment rate held steady at 3.7 percent,
even as more people started looking for work. The chairman of the Federal Reserve, Jerome
Powell, is playing down the risk of recession. He spoke at a conference in Switzerland today,
and gave an upbeat view of what lies ahead, despite some uncertainty. JEROME POWELL, Federal Reserve Chairman: Our
main expectation is not at all that there’ll be a recession. I did mention, though, that there are these
risks. And we’re monitoring them very carefully and
we’re conducting policy in a way that will address them. But, no, I wouldn’t see a recession as the
most likely outcome for the United States or for the world economy, for that matter. JUDY WOODRUFF: The Fed cut short-term interest
rates in July, and is widely expected to do so again this month. The Taliban staged another fatal assault in
Afghanistan today amid growing questions about a potential peace deal. The attack killed two people in the Western
province of Farah, and fighting continued in the city hours later. Meanwhile, Afghan President Ashraf Ghani postponed
a trip to Washington next week. His government says that a potential U.S.
agreement with the Taliban could lead to all-out civil war. In Hong Kong, some 2,000 pro-democracy protesters
surrounded a police station and subway stop in new confrontations with police. Officers answered with rubber bullets, tear
gas and pepper spray, and the demonstrators used umbrellas to shield themselves. They also rejected promises to kill a much-criticized
extradition law. JOHN CHAN, Student (through translator): The
government is one that doesn’t listen to the voice of the people. It doesn’t have a mandate from the people. All it listens to is the central people’s
government. This is an issue that, during the last two
to three months, everyone has been able to see really clearly. Our government is not working for us. JUDY WOODRUFF: The protesters are now calling
for an investigation of alleged police brutality and for direct elections of city leaders. The one-time strongman president of Zimbabwe,
Robert Mugabe has died. He led the African nation’s black majority
to power in 1980 and he ruled for 37 years, before being driven from office. JUDY WOODRUFF: Robert Mugabe was 95 years
old. Mexico now says the number of migrants arriving
at its border to cross into the United States has fallen more than 50 percent in the last
three months. The foreign minister announced today that
some 64,000 people were stopped from crossing in August. That’s down from more than 144,000 who crossed
in May. Mexico deployed thousands of troops and police
to slow the flow of migrants, after President Trump threatened tariffs. Back in this country, the Trump administration
opened a legal assault today on California and four automakers over emissions standards. The U.S. Justice Department notified Ford,
Honda, Volkswagen and BMW that they are being investigated for possible antitrust violations. In July, the companies adopted California’s
emissions standards, which are tougher than those the administration favors. And on Wall Street, the Dow Jones industrial
average gained 69 points to close at 26797. The Nasdaq fell 13 points and the S&P 500
added two. Still to come on the “NewsHour”: the psychological
trauma of separating children from their families at the border; Mark Shields and David Brooks
break down the week’s news, including funding decisions for the border wall and Democrats’
plans to address climate change; inside the new wing of the Kennedy Center for the Performing
Arts; and much more.

News Wrap: UK’s Johnson to call for new election after Brexit showdown

JUDY WOODRUFF: In the day’s other news: A
new tropical storm, Fernand, has formed in the Gulf of Mexico. It has sustained winds of 40 miles an hour
and is moving toward Northeastern Mexico. Forecasters expect it to strengthen before
making landfall. Britain’s prime minister, Boris Johnson, announced
this evening he will call for a new general election over Brexit. That came after he lost a crucial showdown
vote to opponents of leaving the European Union without a formal deal. He also lost his working majority in Parliament. Earlier, the opposition Labor Party leader,
Jeremy Corbyn, lashed out at Johnson’s ideas in the House of Commons. JEREMY CORBYN, Leader, Labor Party: He isn’t
winning friends in Europe. He’s losing friends at home. This is a government with no mandate, no morals
and, as of today, no majority. The attack on our democracy, in order to force
through a disastrous no-deal Brexit, is unprecedented, anti-democratic and unconstitutional. JUDY WOODRUFF: In all, Johnson’s own ruling
Conservatives voted against him today. He will still need a two-thirds majority in
Parliament to set an early election. The current deadline for Britain to leave
the E.U. is October 31. It now appears the gunman who killed seven
people around Odessa, Texas, on Saturday bought his assault-style weapon in a private sale. News accounts today say that that allowed
him to avoid a federal background check, which had blocked him once already, reportedly for
mental health reasons. Meanwhile, Walmart announced that it will
stop selling ammunition for military-style weapons and handguns. We will return to the Texas shootings later
in the program. Officials in Southern California now say 34
people are presumed dead after a dive boat burned and sank on Monday. The Coast Guard called off the search for
survivors today. Divers have recovered 20 bodies, and they
kept looking for 14 others. The sheriff said all the victims were trapped
below deck. BILL BROWN, Santa Barbara County Sheriff:
That does appear to be exactly what happened, that the — there was a stairwell to get down
the main entryway, up and down, and there was an escape hatch, and it would appear as
though both of those were blocked by fire. JUDY WOODRUFF: Five of the six crew members
aboard survived by jumping into the water when the flames started. There is still no word on what started the
fire. In Afghanistan, the death toll rose to at
least 16, with 119 wounded, after a Taliban suicide bombing in Kabul on Monday. Rescue workers searched today amid wreckage
and burned-out vehicles. The blast targeted the city’s Green Village,
where international aid groups are located. The Taliban said that it carried out the attack
to show strength as peace talks with the U.S. reach an apparent climax. We will have a detailed report from Kabul
later in the program. United Nations investigators say the U.S.,
Britain, and France may be complicit in war crimes in Yemen. A U.N. report today found that the three nations
are enabling a Saudi military coalition to kill civilians by airstrikes and starvation. The investigators also faulted Shiite rebels
aligned with Iran for shelling cities and using child soldiers. Back in this country, a panel of North Carolina
judges rejected state legislative district maps. The ruling said that majority Republicans
drew lines to elect a maximum number of GOP candidates, and violated the rights of Democrats. The U.S. Supreme Court ruled in June that
federal courts have no say in political gerrymandering cases. Today’s state court ruling is expected to
be appealed. And Wall Street started the week with a sell-off. It began after factory activity dropped for
the first time in three years, and the latest U.S. and Chinese tariffs took hold on Sunday. The Dow Jones industrial average lost 285
points to close at 26118. The Nasdaq fell 88 points, and the S&P 500
slipped 20. Still to come on the “NewsHour”: we discuss
Hurricane Dorian and immigration with the acting secretary of homeland security; a deadly
bombing in Afghanistan’s capital complicates plans for the withdrawal of U.S. troops; the
latest mass shooting in the U.S. prompts renewed calls to reduce gun violence; plus, we go
inside a new exhibition of the work of artist and designer Alexander Girard.

News Wrap: Taliban inflict more deadly violence in Afghanistan

JUDY WOODRUFF: In the day’s other news: A
Taliban car bombing in Afghanistan killed two NATO soldiers and 10 civilians. One soldier was an American, the fourth to
die in the last two weeks. The suicide blast in Kabul left wrecked vehicles
near the U.S. Embassy and NATO headquarters. In addition to the dead, 42 people were wounded. Hours later, a bombing in a neighboring province
killed four people at an Afghan military base. In Britain, Prime Minister Boris Johnson is
vowing to push again for early elections in the battle over Brexit. The House of Commons voted Wednesday against
calling elections. It also voted against leaving the European
Union on October 31 without a formal deal. Today, at a police recruiting event in North
England, Johnson said an election is now essential. BORIS JOHNSON, British Prime Minister: I hate
banging on about Brexit. I don’t want to go on about this anymore. And I don’t want an election at all. I don’t want an election at all, but, frankly,
I cannot see any other way. The only way to get this thing done, to get
this thing moving is to make that decision. JUDY WOODRUFF: Johnson’s ruling Conservatives
will try again on Monday to win approval of new elections. Meanwhile, the prime minister’s brother, Jo
Johnson, quit his position as a conservative member of Parliament today. He said he was torn between family loyalty
and the British national interest. President Trump’s Middle East envoy, Jason
Greenblatt, has announced he is leaving the administration. He was the architect of the president’s still
evolving Israeli peace plan. But it has not been released, and the Palestinians
rejected negotiations after Mr. Trump moved the U.S. Embassy to Jerusalem and recognized
Israeli sovereignty over the Golan Heights. The president of Turkey, Recep Tayyip Erdogan,
is threatening to let a flood of Syrian refugees leave Turkey for Western countries, that is,
unless a safe zone for refugees is established inside Syria before the month is out. Erdogan voiced his frustration to officials
of his ruling party in Ankara today. RECEP TAYYIP ERDOGAN, Turkish President (through
translator): We will be forced to open the gates. We will be forced to open the gates. If you’re going to provide support, then provide
support. And if you’re not, sorry. We have tolerated this up to a certain point,
and we’re still tolerating it. Are we the only ones who are going to carry
this burden? JUDY WOODRUFF: Turkey has taken in 3.6 million
Syrian refugees since the war in Syria began in 2011. Erdogan says the European Union has not kept
promises of financial support in exchange for Turkey stemming the flow of migrants. Back in this country, a jury in Oakland, California,
acquitted one of two men charged with involuntary manslaughter in a warehouse party fire in
2016. The jury failed to reach a verdict on the
other defendant. The pair managed the warehouse, where 36 people
died. The place was packed with furniture and other
flammable material, but had only two exits, and no smoke detectors. The U.S. Education Department fined Michigan
State University $4.5 million today over sexual abuse by a sports doctor. The announcement said the school failed to
respond to repeated complaints against Larry Nassar. He is now in prison, effectively for life,
for possessing child pornography and molesting young girls. On Wall Street, stocks surged on news that
the U.S. and China plan to hold new trade talks next month. The Dow Jones industrial average gained 372
points to close at 26728. The Nasdaq rose nearly 140 points, and the
S&P 500 added 38. And basketball great Jerry West received the
Presidential Medal of Freedom today. West was a 14-time All-Star in his Hall of
Fame career with the Los Angeles Lakers, a career that ended in 1974. President Trump presented West with the medal
at a White House ceremony. It is the nation’s highest civilian honor. Still to come on the “NewsHour”: where is
President Trump finding the money to pay for his long -promised border wall?; a threat
to the Amazon is a threat to the planet, — Brazil and the risks of species extinction; fusing
the political and the artistic to critique how leaders wield power; plus, much more.

News Wrap: Italy’s far-right party shut out from power

JUDY WOODRUFF: In the day’s other news: Tropical
Storm Fernand has come ashore in Northeastern Mexico, and is now moving inland. It struck a sparsely populated area north
of La Pesca today with winds of 40 miles an hour and 18 inches of rain. Forecasters said that it will stay south of
the Texas border and dissipate by tomorrow. In Britain, lawmakers have dealt Prime Minister
Boris Johnson a stinging blow over Brexit. The House of Commons voted today to block
the country from leaving the European Union without a formal agreement. In turn, Johnson is warning that he will call
a snap election for mid-October, two weeks before the Brexit deadline. We will have a report from London right after
the news summary. In Italy, Premier Giuseppe Conte unveiled
a new governing coalition that shuts the hard-right League Party out of power. Conte met with the Italian president to present
his cabinet. It unites his populist Five Star Movement
with the center-left Democratic Party. Conte’s original coalition collapsed when
the League Party withdrew, in a failed bid to force new elections. The government of Afghanistan voiced new concerns
today about a potential peace deal between the U.S. and the Taliban. An adviser to President Ashraf Ghani cautioned
against withdrawing U.S. troops too quickly, with the insurgent Taliban at its strongest
since the 2001 U.S. invasion. But, in Brussels, the NATO secretary-general
tried to allay fears of a hasty pullout. JENS STOLTENBERG, NATO Secretary-General:
We will not leave too early, but our aim is not to stay in Afghanistan forever. Our aim is to make sure that Afghanistan never
again creates the platform for threats, for planning, for organizing, for funding terrorist
attacks against our countries. JUDY WOODRUFF: NATO has about a 20,000 troops
in Afghanistan, including some 14,000 Americans. The draft peace agreement calls for 5,000
of those U.S. troops to leave shortly after a final deal. Back in this country, a government watchdog
says migrant children separated from their parents last year have shown post-traumatic
stress and other mental health issues. They included heightened fear and feelings
of abandonment. The report comes from the inspector general
at the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. It is based on interviews with about 100 mental
health clinicians who dealt with the affected children. The Pentagon has diverted $3.6 billion away
from military construction funds to build 175 miles of a wall on the U.S. southern border. The move effectively de-funds a total of 127
projects, including some military schools and day care. Defense Secretary Mark Esper announced it
late Tuesday, and President Trump said today that it’s part of his declaration of a national
emergency along the border. DONALD TRUMP, President of the United States:
The secretary of defense spoke with members of Congress and explained it to them. And I think he felt very good about it. He feels it’s a national security problem. I do too. It is. When you have thousands of people trying to
rush our country, I think that’s national security. JUDY WOODRUFF: A number of congressional Democrats
condemned the funding shift. Texas Congressman Bill Flores today became
the latest Republican to announce he’s retiring from the U.S. House of Representatives. Flores is in his fifth term, and is now the
15th GOP Congress member not seeking reelection and the fifth from the state of Texas. That is ahead of the pace at this point in
the 2018 election cycle, when a total of 34 House Republicans retired. Michigan will be the first state in the nation
to ban sales of flavored nicotine vaping products. Democratic Governor Gretchen Whitmer ordered
the move today. She said e-cigarette makers are using candy
flavors and misleading ads to, in her words, hook children on nicotine. YouTube has agreed to pay $170 million over
charges that it collected personal data on children without parental consent. The Federal Trade Commission and New York
state say that the company used the data to target kids with advertising. Under the settlement, YouTube also agrees
to limit its data collection. And on Wall Street, gains in technology stocks
fueled a rally. The Dow Jones industrial average gained 237
points to close at 26355. The Nasdaq rose 102 points, and the S&P 500
added 31. Still to come on the “NewsHour”: blocking
Brexit — British lawmakers defy their prime minister to stop an abrupt break from the
European Union; protests turn to policy in Hong Kong, as a controversial extradition
bill is withdrawn; how the Amazon rain forests bear the brunt of Brazil’s booming agriculture
business; and much more.

News Wrap: Facebook to tighten rules around political advertising

JUDY WOODRUFF: The storm dubbed Dorian is
a full-fledged hurricane tonight. It struck the U.S. Virgin Islands and passed
Puerto Rico with sustained winds at 80 miles an hour, as it headed for the U.S. mainland. Winds could reach 115 miles an hour when the
storm lands, anywhere from seven South Florida to South Carolina, by Sunday or Monday. We will get a report from the Caribbean after
the news summary. The White House today defended plans to shift
money from hurricane response to immigration enforcement. The move takes $155 million from FEMA, the
Federal Emergency Management Agency. Vice President Pence’s chief of staff, Marc
Short, spoke outside the White House. MARC SHORT, Chief Of Staff to Vice President
Mike Pence: I don’t think there’s a perception that that hurricane relief funding prevents
hurricanes. I think there’s clarity in our administration
what the different pots of resources are for. I will tell you that other administrations
have reprogrammed dollars before. And I think the president and the administration
are proud of our record in responding to hurricanes. JUDY WOODRUFF: Short also denied reports that
President Trump promised to pardon officials if they break the law to build a border wall
faster. The administration did serve notice today
that some children of U.S. military and government employees will no longer gain automatic citizenship
if they are born overseas. The change applies to those born to unmarried
parents deployed abroad when only one parent is an American citizen. It takes effect October 29. New York Senator Kirsten Gillibrand is dropping
out of the Democratic presidential race. She confirmed her plans late today. Gillibrand championed women’s rights and family
issues, but she failed to do well in polls and didn’t qualify for the next round of debates. We will talk about those debates later in
the program. In Britain, Prime Minister Boris Johnson has
made his boldest move yet to deliver Brexit, even if there is no deal with the European
Union. He won the queen’s permission today to suspend
Parliament before the October 31st deadline for quitting the E.U. The change gives opponents less time to block
Brexit from taking place without a formal agreement. We will take a closer look at also later in
the program. Union members rallied in Hong Kong today over
the firing of airline employees linked to pro-democracy protests. Cathay Pacific Airways has dismissed 20 pilots
and cabin crew in the past two weeks. Hundreds of protesters against the firings
filled a square in the Chinese-ruled city. They carried signs and demanded an end to
political retaliation. REBECCA SY, Former Chair, Hong Kong Dragon
Airlines Flight Attendants Association (through translator): Where’s the freedom of speech
or of democracy or even is it — Hong Kong — just like said, is Hong Kong really dying
or is already dead? It’s very — it’s pathetic. JUDY WOODRUFF: Cathay Pacific insisted it
has to comply with mainland China’s ban on any flights with crew members who were involved
in the Hong Kong protests. Back in this country, Republican Senator Johnny
Isakson of Georgia announced that he’s resigning at the end of the year. Isakson is 74 and is midway through his third
term in the Senate. He cited growing health problems, including
Parkinson’s disease. Georgia Republicans will now have two Senate
seats to defend in 2020. Facebook says it plans to enforce stricter
rules on political advertising ahead of the 2020 elections. The company said today that advertisers must
prove that they represent a legitimate organization and are based in the U.S. The changes tighten procedures initially announced
in 2017. All of this follows revelations that Russians
paid for thousands of fake political ads in the 2016 election. Apple apologized today for letting outside
contractors listen to users talking with digital assistant Siri. The iPhone maker said that, from now on, only
its own employees will listen to recorded snippets of the conversations for quality
control. Facebook, Google and others have acknowledged
that they, too, have reviewed audio of users talking to their digital assistants. On Wall Street today, financial and energy
stocks led the broader market higher. The Dow Jones industrial average gained 258
points to close at 26036. The Nasdaq rose nearly 30 points, and the
S&P 500 added 18. And more than 20,000 people drenched themselves
in red today at the annual tomato-tossing brawl in Bunol, Spain. Revelers hurled 145 tons of over-ripe tomatoes
at each other, covering streets with a sea of red pulp. The Tomatina festival began with battle among
children in 1945. So, still to come on the “NewsHour”: Hurricane
Dorian gains strength over the Caribbean; the trade war comes home — farmers and retailers
feel the fallout of the president’s policies; crisis in the United Kingdom — why the British
prime minister is suspending Parliament over Brexit; the Democratic Party comes under fire
for its handling of how candidates make it to the debates; and much more.