President Trump addresses the Faith and Freedom Coalition – 06/26/2019

[Applause] [Applause] [Applause] to the hills [Applause] [Applause] [Applause] [Applause] [Applause] thank you very much thank you to Lee Greenwood and thank you to Ralph for the incredible introduction and for the extraordinary leadership you've displayed for a long time I've known Ralph for a long time done an incredible job and I didn't realize this is number six six times and I'll see you next year ten years ago you founded this organization with a few people and a great deal of Prayer today the Faith and Freedom Coalition is the largest faith-based get-out-the-vote organization in modern American history [Applause] congratulations as well to this year's recipient of the Winston Churchill Lifetime Achievement Award dr. bill Bennett who's a great guy where is Bill is he here where is Bill will you come here bill I want to shake I love this guy I watch him all the time I see him he's always defending us and fighting for us and he's fighting against the fake news come here bill [Applause] [Applause] or his boys here he's got the best looking family I don't know how he did it his wife is beautiful let me see stand up what a family what a family they'll say a few words doesn't know how I did it all due respect you're a very attractive man but Melania has the edge [Applause] you'll excuse that he's from Queens I'm from Brooklyn we talk like that this is a great president this is a great moment this is a great meeting our country depends on You mr. president and are grateful for everything you're doing the only thing I'd say as you said next year how about the year after the year after [Applause] thank you Bill special man thank you very much and he's a fighter he's a fighter for good we like fighters were like fighters for good it's wonderful to be back here with so many friends and Patriots pastors rabbis and a record number of students thank you all for the tireless work that your steadfast support and your daily prayers just it's incredible what it's done and just keep them coming very important to keep them coming we're in an interesting time in our country's history and we're doing great just keep them coming it's very fragile you know it's one vote it's one justice it's one one little thing and it can all change you have to be very hard very vigilant you have to go out and vote November 3rd is a big date next year November 3rd mark it down but I want to thank you for your voice your time and your energy and to knock on doors and make calls and educate voters and mobilize your fellow Americans because with your help we will soon once again win a historic victory for life for family for faith and for freedom [Applause] after just two and a half years our country is soaring our communities are thriving our economy is booming perhaps like never before we may have the greatest economy in the history of our country and we're once again defending and promoting our great American values and we're saying Merry Christmas again do you notice or no I usually save that for November December but I was just thinking as I as I mentioned I was saying we're gonna say merica they were all taking it down off the department stores everything you'd see a big red did say Happy Holidays though Merry Christmas they're saying Merry Christmas again it's very interesting they're proud of it since the election we've created six million new jobs nobody would have believed that we've lifted more than six million Americans off of food stamps and we're getting Americans off welfare and back into the labor force and they're so happy and they're making money and they love what they're doing and you've seen me say this before where is Sean is he here or NFL not only NFL but he's MVP where is Sean is he here where is he cuz we just went over some numbers Sega MVP I'm gonna read his book he gave me his book in 2005-2006 what was that yeah 2005 MVP I said you think I could take him in an arm wrestling contest and his good friend said don't do it mr. president right Thank You Sean I'm gonna read the book on the plane I'm going to I'm going to Japan right after this so I'll be meeting with some nice fellows other nations competitive nations and competitors and that's okay we're doing great we're doing better than any of them Thank You Sean thank you african-american Hispanic American and Asian American unemployment have reached the lowest rates in the history of our country the history the whole history and if I was wrong about that Sean if I made that statement and if it wasn't exactly correct all those people back there and there's a lot of them you'd see before the before I was even finished it would be headlines I have to be very careful Sean the woman's unemployment rate is now the lowest in 65 years [Applause] and to help American families we doubled the child tax credit that was Ivanka Trump worked hard on that we're fighting for all Americans and we're embracing the faith community we are embracing it like it hasn't been embraced in many many years you know that and when we're doing that we're uplifting our nation were greatly uplifting our nation when I ask for your support in 2016 Americans of faith were under assault but the shameful attempt to suppress religious believers ended the day I took the oath of office [Applause] [Applause] and now by the way because of what we did with respect to the Johnson amendment you know what I'm talking about our leaders like all of the people that have been so supportive our pastors our ministers or priests or rabbis all of our religious leaders everywhere allowed to speak again we're allowed to talk without having to lose your tax exemption your tax status and being punished for speaking and the people that we most want to hear our great clergy is is now able to speak without fear of retribution and I'm very proud of that I said I was going to do that I'm very proud of it they can speak unless they speak against me in which case we'll bring it back we'll bring back that Johnson amendment so fast Sean I'm only kidding I'm only kid they're gonna take it seriously you know they're gonna go out we have breaking news they're gonna say see I told you he wants to be a dictator I told you that they are unbelievable what they do you have to sit with that big smile in your face other way and that even that doesn't work bill understands that right we're cherishing our nation's religious heritage once again my administration has taken historic action to protect religious liberty we're protecting the conscience rights of doctors and nurses and teachers and groups like the Little Sisters of the Poor were with them made a lot of progress we've taken action to uphold free speech on college campuses colleges are now by the way looking around very carefully when they throw conservatives and religious folks off of their campuses looking around very very careful because they have a big fat beautiful monetary penalty to pay I haven't heard too much about it since I did that a few months ago do you notice that I haven't heard I haven't heard so much about that we give them billions and billions of dollars and then they don't let people speak and I don't care is liberal conservative it doesn't matter Republican Democrat but you can't do that we're preserving our country's vital tradition of faith-based adoption and we're proudly defending the sanctity of life [Applause] but keep fighting because as most of the people in the room know it's very fragile unfortunately Democrat politicians have become increasingly hostile to pro-life Americans who want to help more children find a loving home and share their dreams with the world virtually every top Democrat low mic and now supports taxpayer-funded abortion right up to the moment of birth and by the way if you watched Virginia the governor the moment of birth that was something that nobody that was something that nobody heard of before after the moment of birth nobody believed it I had never heard of it I don't think anybody had heard of it when he talked about wrapping the child and then discussing with the mother whether or not he she wants to keep the child is born so that becomes an execution that becomes an execution every child born and unborn is made in the holy image of God and that is why I have asked Congress to prohibit the late term abortion of babies and they'll do that [Applause] [Applause] thank you very much thank you very much appreciate it thank you thank you thank you during my first week in office I reinstated the Mexico City policy people thought that wasn't going to be happening we've issued a final rule to prohibit title ten taxpayer funding from subsidizing the abortion industry and just last month our administration ended federal funding of fetal tissue research all of us working to foster a culture that celebrates the sacred worth of every human life and this could all change very quickly just remember we've done things that nobody thought possible we've done things that are so good and so righteous and also so fragile the wrong person in office in this office right here can change it very quickly bill will tell you that Bill understands his system probably better than anybody and bill will tell you that we're building a society that values the limitless potential of every person and we're strengthening the bonds that tie us together in the wondrous tapestry of creation here with us today is someone who shows us the power and majesty of life I was very proud to host her in the Oval Office earlier this year Katie Shaw where's Katie risk every show Thank You Katie [Applause] we had a great meeting right in the Oval Office thank you Katie look thank you very much thank you so nice she was in the Oval Office and really made a great impression on everybody and it was very exciting thank you very much for being here Katie's from Indiana she was born with Down syndrome and now works at a local store does a fantastic job volunteers in her community and has testified before lawmakers as Katie said it's a wonderful life I've made the world a better place and Katie yes you have you have our nation is uplifted by incredible Americans like Katie who fight for the dignity of all humanity my administration has also taken historic action to protect Americans rights enshrined in the Constitution Democrats are determined to pack the courts with radical left judges who will impose their own far-left views on the American people that is why I will soon appoint to my one hundred and forty fifth judge to interpret the Constitution as you know normally when a president assumes assumes his position in the White House you have no judges you come as they retire they get sick they pass away things happen and they leave and you'll get one two three I inherited a hundred and thirty eight empty spots 138 I said this is impossible because President Obama either didn't get him through or couldn't get him through or something happened but I said how many judges do I have sir you have a hundred and thirty-eight federal judges 138 which is percentage was going to be a record but the only one that has a record greater than mine percentage-wise is George Washington I'll never beat that record he had 100 percent but I have more the oolitic we have more but he had 100 percent he appointed everybody but think of that a hundred and forty-five judges were up to I had 138 and then through attrition and things we picked up some additional or we put in fantastic people on the courts and it makes such a big difference nobody would believe and we have two new Supreme Court justices Neal Gorsuch and Brett Kavanaugh [Applause] and exactly a year ago today in a five-to-four decision the Supreme Court upheld the First Amendment rights of pregnancy care centers and just last week the Supreme Court ruled seven to two that the peace cross wasn't that nice right there's one that would have come down in a memorial beautiful Memorial in Maryland which honors our heroes of World War one but it's in the form of a cross and they said it can stand on public land for all to see it's so beautiful that it takes up such an important place in that area in that whole state and they wanted to rip it down they wanted to take it down because it was a cross and we won that one just two days ago in the Supreme Court in that great Americans belief in God has forged the character of our country and made our nation a light unto the world that we are respected again as the nation I will tell you that and I'm not only talking about from a religious standpoint our country is respected again [Applause] today we are excited to be joined by hundreds of college students including eight students from Liberty University great school who just got back from a mission trip to Oklahoma where are you stand up please Wow [Applause] that's fantastic it's a great school and jerry falwell is a friend of mine and he was he was with me right from the beginning and he's so happy about it I could tell you stories he said that he was so honored to be there he understood from the beginning what was going along and he does say and so did pastor Robert Jeffress a great friend of mine let's say a president may not be the best at the Bible he may not have read at 2,000 times but he's the best for us and that's true that's true [Applause] thank you very much everybody thank you and who are those 17% right Ralph asked that question I do I want to talk to them as one of the great students Phoebe recently said every day on the trip is a chance to love others the way Christ loves us miss Phoebe extend that Phoebe thank you very much very nice so I want to thank Phoebe and I want to thank the students who are here with us today from all over the country we're really incredible what you're doing and I think people have no idea the numbers were talking about you know you see all of this stuff on television and then noisy they're loud they're rude they disgrace us in so many ways and they get publicity but they don't realize that we have more than they do people don't realize it we have more than they do I see it all the time the young people that come the other day in Orlando we had a rally that was unbelievable it filled up we had thousands and thousands of people outside of the Orlando Magic arena where they play that big basketball games the floor was packed and it was an incredible thing to see and then outside they were I mean literally tens of thousands of people couldn't get in and then there were thousands that we said don't come we actually were putting out notices please don't come there's something going on that's a great thing it's continuing I think even stronger than that great November day in 2016 I really believe this [Applause] you know the media likes to talk about the energy the left has I don't think they have energy they're trying to destroy themselves and it's negative energy it really is it's like a negative energy when you see what they want to do and I think we have more energy than we've ever had and I said it the other day I think the Republicans have much more energy than the Democrats then maybe I'm wrong but I really believe and they like to talk about 2018 we're number one in 2018 I didn't run I wasn't running I was helping people and almost everybody I helped the Governor of Ohio he's great the governor of Georgia he's great the governor of Florida Rhonda Santa's he's great Oklahoma I'm in so many different places every place we had such tremendous and remember they were going to take over the Senate and the house well there's so many people in the house but the ones like in Kentucky and EEB are the ones that we help the ones that I went to won they won their races against very tough competition but we held the Senate and picked up two seats and nobody wants to talk about it nobody wants to talk about and if we didn't we wouldn't be having judges but nobody wants to talk about that all they want to do is say oh they lost House seats well you know a lot of people running in the house and what I did is I campaigned for senators and we almost picked up another three we came very close to big upsets so I actually think we have the energy and I'm gonna be running and it's gonna make a big difference we're gonna win a lot of things that people have no idea like for instance in the audience the other night so many women for Trump so many but they did the same thing they did the same thing they did the same thing in 2016 women not vote for Trump they're not gonna but I was saying to my wife do you think women I gotta vote for me at all and we got a tremendous it was incredible what happened against Hillary Clinton a wonderful woman who dubbed us all the deplorable –zz she actually said two words you know you know the other word she said deplorable zand irredeemable z' and i thought the word irredeemable was going to catch on and shows you what I thought because I think irredeemable is worse than deplorable right wouldn't you say bill give me a definition isn't it worse but the next day I made a speech I'll never forget you use it you know I didn't think too much about it the next day I'm in this big stadium making a speech and I see we're the deplorable we love you you say what does that count roll see that's why politics is a tough business one word can put you right out of business right one word that was not a good speech you made I don't know who wrote it but I don't think she'd ever want to use them again that deplorable the activists the activists in this room and that's what you should call yourselves you're activists be an activist they are activists what they do is so terrible be activists that's okay there's nothing wrong with it and the believers across our country they strengthen our communities and countless ways so many ways that's why we're empowering Americans of faith to live by the Lord's calling to love their neighbors we've created nearly 9,000 opportunity zones with Tim Scott from South Carolina stroke great guy great guy he came in with this idea and nobody and any idea was gonna work like there's never been anything that worked like this it's incredible what's going on with Opportunity Zones brand-new which give churches and investors more ways to rebuild distressed communities and last year with the help of many faith leaders I signed groundbreaking criminal justice reform into law [Applause] and if you remember sleepy Joe Biden he's the one he was pushing it and and that was a killer for Hillary Clinton and I remember the first time I saw people real activists against Hillary because of her husband and what they did on criminal justice reform and and they did nothing to fix it what they did it was terrible the Crime Act what they did was terrible to so many people and we got criminal justice reform passed with very conservative people and very liberal people I mean it was an amazing thing but nobody until that was done four months ago nobody until this time thought it could ever happen and you had to see the people that were in favor of it the most conservative people some of the most conservative even more conservative than bill bennett which is hard to believe am i right I mean seriously consider and also very liberal people there was a great thing it was a great thing we're glad to be joined today by the first person released from prison under the first-step Act Matthew Charles who is Matthew thank you [Applause] that was very unfair what happened to Matthew and many other people many other people were very tough on crime but but what happened to some people was very unfair so it's really great that you hear Matthew and I hear you're doing phenomenally well and we appreciate it what a great great person you are [Applause] to help our citizens overcome the grip of opioid addiction big problem we secured a record six billion dollars in new funding including support for treatment and faith-based organizations and we've had a great great experience people don't know way down opioid way down unfortunately other drugs sometimes take the place fentanyl as a disaster coming in from China I'll be talking to President Xi about that tomorrow but we have tremendous amounts of drugs that come in from places and we got to stop it and we're we're doing pretty well but it's a tough every time you knock one another one pops up but we'll be talking to President Xi about that for the most part China makes the fentanyl and it's unbelievably powerful and unbelievably destructive in bed we're expanding affordable healthcare increasing access to plans 60% cheaper than Obama care we're doing a plan that's going to come out if we win back the house if we keep the Senate and win the presidency I think we're going to do all I think we have a great chance to do all we have a health care plan that's far better than Obama care I'm keeping a bamba care alive because I felt I should have I should do that we had a chance to terminated and a gentleman voted against it after campaigning for many years to repeal and replace that he voted against repealing replace someday somebody will explain that to me but that's what happened because we just about had it done but we're gonna actually end up better I think we're going to do if we win the house back keep the Senate and win the presidency we're gonna have a plan that blows away Obamacare it'll be less expensive and it'll be far better health care and health insurance and we'll be announcing it over the next month or so and to help patients access life-saving treatments we passed right to trying I love that you know what that is I hope nobody in this room ever has to use it especially you folks you're so young but I hope nobody has to use it but people would travel all over the world to try and get relief people that had money people that didn't have money would just go home with no hope and now we have the right to use our great genius as the best in the world for possible cures that haven't been approved yet couldn't use them they go to Asia they go to London people would go to London anyplace and now we're using it and we have had some incredible success and I must say the other day I was watching a favorite network of mine that I really have a lot of respect for that that doesn't always treat me so great by the way they could do better but at least they're fair and I was watching and I heard the story of an incredible unbelievable young woman who was battling rare bone cancer they made a mistake a doctor or hospital made a mistake she called it a it was a medical error her name is Natalie harp and she lit up the television screen like very few people I've ever seen do it and she talked about how they were preparing her for death and because of right to try she's now living and I think doing phenomenally well and somebody said she's here are you here not ELISA where's Natalie will you come up here please come up now [Applause] [Applause] Thank You mr. president you know we all been to know the story about the Good Samaritan but what you don't know is I was that forgotten person on the side of the road the victim of medical error the number three cause of death under the previous administration and left to die of cancer first the medical establishment they came by and they saw me there so they wrote prescriptions for opioids and they walked on next the political establishment they saw me there and they stopped just long enough to come over and tell me how to die how to speed up my death so I could somehow die with dignity but then an outsider my Good Samaritan he saw me there and he didn't walk by he stopped and for every single one of us he gave up his own quality of life so we could live and work and fight with dignity because he believes in survival of the fighters not the fittest and so mr. president I have to say you have made a lot of promises to us and you have kept every one of them so now we're gonna make you this promise just as you fought for us forgotten America will never forget how you saw us on the side of the road and you walked over and you picked us up and you made us breed again and now we're gonna fight for you mr. president [Applause] [Applause] Thank You Natalie it's just it was an incredible thing I saw the pictures of Natalie she was in a wheelchair she was in a bed and they showed and it was so incredible and they were actually preparing her for death and because of right to try they had a medicine that wouldn't have been approved for years but it was very very it's looking good it was looking very good now it's looking a lot better Natalie I have to tell I don't know what that was but that sucker worked [Applause] you know part of the problem with the right to try is that the big pharmaceutical companies and the labs they didn't want to do it because they didn't want to have where persons terminally ill or very in bad shape they didn't want to have that on their record I understood that and so we didn't put it on their record we made a second you know record which people don't see and we don't want to show you know it's unfair to them but they didn't want it on their record because people were very far along unfortunately but cases like Natalie have not even been that unique we've saved many lives with what's going on and ultimately I guess that's probably also the best test for medicine to see whether or not it's good because it really it's worked so well and we're so proud of it they've been trying to get that approved for forty five years they couldn't get it not that easy because the medicals didn't want it the doctors didn't want if the country didn't want it our country because they say well if something happens a person's terribly ill then they die then we'll get sued if we do something I said that's okay they'll sign an ass culpa Tory letter they'll sign a letter saying that we're not going to hold anybody liable that's okay if they said well that's a good idea can you imagine 45 years nobody thought of that obviously they're not in the real estate business in New York and we had great help from the Republicans and we actually had some Democrats support and we got it done and to me I thought that was going to be so easy it's not an easy one but we got it done and got it done the way we wanted properly and very strongly and I just want to say that Natalie you are an inspiration you you really do you lit up that screen my wife watched I said you have to see this it's great inventions called TiVo okay I don't want to be advertising but you know it's like better than television because television you never see do with TiVo you play it back I played it back I played it back and my wife said that is amazing so we're very proud of you Natalie thank you very much credible person cuttable spirit we want every American to have the chance to live and to dream and to thrive and to protect the safety and well-being of our citizens we're securing our border building the wall is being built right now could have been so easy the wall if they gave us the money but they won't give us the money the Democrats won't give us the money and I think is more political because ooh I mean the wall works okay they have drones they want to give me unlimited money for drones unlimited money for everything you know a drone flying up in the air doesn't help as 5,000 people are charging the border unless you want to take nice pictures of what's happening so we'll have almost for it I probably believe more than 400 miles built by the end of next year it's under construction now and I'm taken from the air we're all over the place we're taking Army Corps of Engineers is doing a great job but we're building a lot of it it's already started and it's a a lot of it's being done and and it's it has such a tremendous difference it's day and night this year alone 43,000 miners have been illegally smuggled across our border providing a lucrative cash flow to some of the most dangerous criminal organizations anywhere in the world loopholes and federal law prevent Homeland Security from removing illegal aliens who get smuggled into our country through bad laws it's our bad laws and by the way Mexico they're really helping us they just put six thousand soldiers on the southern border their southern border and they just announced they're going to put 16 thousand soldiers on our southern border and it's had a huge impact it's only been a few days literally but it's had a huge impact and they were great and I'm glad I didn't have to do tariffs on Mexico I'm glad Android yeah but we've been trying to get them to do that for 40 years more they say it for 40 years and and you know I tell you what they stepped up and as I say Mexico is doing more to help us than the Democrats who are doing nothing nothing we have repeatedly asked the Democrats to close these loopholes and to save the lives of young immigrants I mean they're too busy interviewing people on the Russian witch-hunt on the hoax if they spent a little bit less time on the Russian witch-hunt which turned out to be a total phony deal actually they're the ones that committed the crime as it turned out if they spent some time on that they could solve the loophole problem in an hour they could solve the asylum problem in an hour and we'd have no problem whatsoever at the border they don't want to do it they want things to look bad they want open borders open borders mean crime means human trafficking human trafficking mostly women okay human traffic this is like prehistoric a word like that trafficking who would think there's more human trafficking in the world today than there ever has been in history who would think that you think of it almost as an ancient term it's not because of the internet all over the world it's happening mostly women and the Democrats don't want to fix it some day you'll explain this to me and I actually think even from the strictly political point of view I think it's a terrible thing for them I hope they you know actually I want him to fix it I really do but if they keep going in this path who the hell would want to vote for them [Applause] but they should take a little time off and they should go and fix the loopholes and fix asylum and frankly coupled with Mexico what Mexico is doing now and stopping people from coming through Mexico you would have a border that would be better than it's ever been and we'll be there pretty soon in any event and as the wall goes up every area that we build we picked the worst areas first but it makes a tremendous difference Democrats who refuse to close these smuggling loopholes are effectively supporting and promoting child endangerment and exploitation and they're making some very very bad people the cartel people rich very rich people are saying they're making as much money or more money with people now as they do with drugs these are rough people and they're bad people and we could solve it so easily they've got to fix the loopholes and fix Asylum the tragedy playing out on our border is the predictable result of Democrats twisted obsession with open borders policy they want open borders you saw these massive caravans of 10 and 12,000 people 15,000 people in one case and in those caravans are some very good people but also in those caravans are some very very bad people and they probably put there by the countries who want to get rid of them probably I don't say that but we were paying those countries 600 million dollars a year and I cut it off about seven or eight months ago I said look they could stop these caravans and then I took a lot of heat from Democrats it said we want to pay them well maybe if they get it right but they're doing better for us right now if you look what Amala honduras el salvador they're doing much better for us right now we're close to a safe third agreement with Guatemala which we appreciate they're doing much better for us to have that where we pay them when we paid them they would just take in our money and laughing at us now they want to they'll do anything to get that money back and if they do a great job I think we'll maybe do that right does that make sense but 600 million a year we were paying and we're getting nothing but disrespect and this is for many many years now I took it away and honestly they've been I think much different but they would put bad people in those caravans they don't want killers they don't want murderers they don't want people that are criminals so let's send them to the United States and they're not doing that anymore and we're doing some very strong work and again with Mexico having 6,000 soldiers at that border that's a tremendous deterrent I can tell you Democrats are solely responsible for the humanitarian crisis because they've refused every single effort to shut off the magnets of child smuggling hard to believe as long as coyotes believe they can use children to evade our laws children will continue to be endangered when you come in with a child our laws are so bad that you have a tremendous advantage so you get these people and they give them children and they charge them for it they walk in with a child that isn't their child and because the Democrats have these horrible laws that were horrible many years ago that they should have fixed a long time ago but they don't want to do it for political reasons but think of it if you have a child it's much easier to come in and that's why we have so many children who've been so badly abused and we're taking care of them much better than President Obama took care of them I can tell you that much better and he was the one that had separation I'm the one that put people together and I said you know when you put the families together because separation is so bad a lot more people are going to come up and I was right about that but still the whole concept of separation is so bad but again fixing the laws would solve everything and they could do it so quickly it's so simple they know what to do they just don't want to do it if the Democrats have any shred of moral decency on this issue they must charge immediately charge forward and change our laws they have to end all child we have laws it would end all of this horrible child smuggling how do we have thousands upon thousands of children we have them because the law incentivizes criminals to bring children up and use those criminals to get people into our country can you even imagine this and we're the only country in the world that has this the only country in the world and we want to put behind bars those criminals that place children in this kind of danger every day Democrats have struck these changes they fight like hell so that we can't make the changes every day they leave laws and trafficking victims and you know we have a very very tough rule law trafficking Victims Protection reauthorization Act they leave it in place more migrants are put in harm's way and exposed to abuse and assault by criminal cartels they could fix that so easy it would take no time this lesson can be seen all over the world where the rule of laws eroded where it is eroded the Democrats even when we had both houses where we had Congress where we had the Senate and we had wonderful congressmen we had the House of Representatives and the Senate but we didn't have enough votes because it was very close we needed 60 votes and we had 51 votes and sometimes you know we had a little hard time with a couple of them right fortunately they're gone now they've gone on to greener pastures or perhaps far less green pastures but their God they're gone bill very happy they're gone and we have great senators but we need 60 we have 53 right now and we had 51 we picked up two in the 18 election but we need 60 so we need Democrat votes it's very simple but we needed them before – we need them even more so before when we had both the House and the Senate so where the door is open to smugglers and traffickers disaster always ensues nonetheless Democrats remain relentless in pushing policies to add even more incentives to the unlawful transportation of illegal alien miners across our borders you have no idea how bad it is and it could be fixed instantaneously by the Democrats sitting down with the Republicans the Republicans are all in favor of it virtually unanimous I would say unanimous we could fix it instant tenth we just need a few of us we don't need many we need a few but they don't want to do it and you know one thing I've learned in Washington I've heard about it for years the Democrats have lousy policies and in many ways they're lousy politicians but they stick together better than the Republicans stick together they stick together they vote in a group you don't see them going haywire they may have a plan that's bad like this open borders they want open borders they stick you don't have people going the other way and voting and going out and making speeches about how we're wrong they stick together we have better politicians we have far better policy but the Democrats do stick together and frankly I give them credit for that but it's bad for our country it's very bad for our country so let me stay clearly my administration will not tolerate and just we can't do this we can't do it we cannot tolerate the endangerment abuse or smuggling of children and the only way to really stop it is to check change the law and the Democrats can do that immediately we will stand strong with the courageous heroes of ice Border Patrol and law enforcement these are fantastic people [Applause] they want to get rid of ice ice is so these are great Patriots these are great people but they're also tough Sean can tell you about that you need toughness at a certain point Sean right you need physically tough strong tough these are great people Sean's a great person but he's tough it's okay we need strong people we need tough people ice goes into these areas where you have ms-13 and to them it's like a day in the office and they'll walk into the middle of a gang and they start swinging I don't think I'd want to do it I don't think too many people want to do it but these are brave people and they're great people and they love our country and you have some congressmen in particular but also some Democrats say they want to get rid of ice I'll tell you what you get rid of ice you're gonna have problems because we take ms-13 out of our country by the thousands we take other gang members out and drop them back either into jails which in a way I hate to do because then we have to pay for them for 30 years I hate to do it but we bring them back to their countries and say you handle them problem is that all of a sudden two years later you see him again because our laws are so screwed up to protect our nation we're also rebuilding the United States Armed Forces like never ever before [Applause] Lindsey Graham said last night he made a speech and he said last night that he's been a senator for a long time he's been in politics for a long time he's always been very strong in the military he's never seen our military so strong as it is today it's great Stanford and I know it hurts our budgets and budgets are very important to me but there's nothing more important than keeping our freedom and this is a time when we need military more important than anything else we need military we'll worry about budgets we spent we spent 716 billion dollars last year and 700 billion the year before and we have brand-new fighter jets we had jets that were so old they didn't fly we had jet so all they had to go to the desert to the airplane graveyards they call them they have graveyards of old planes they had to go there to get parts now we have brand-new beautiful f-35 sfa team's best planes in the world and they're all made in the USA right we like the weight of the years and as was stated a few times because I've seen it and heard it so much here but I recognized the true capital of Israel and opened the American Embassy in Jerusalem [Applause] every president said they were going to do it you go back many many presidents they said they were going to do they never did it they never did it and I understand why because the pressure put on you once you get into office not to do it by other countries is amazing I get so many calls and I knew they heard I was going to do it in two weeks I got so many calls from the heads of countries so when I knew they were calling about that I'd say tell them I'll call them back in a week and a half I'm very busy I'm very busy cuz it's hard to tell you know a king no they'd never heard no before so you know I don't mind telling them no but what do I have to waste my time for right but I see why that other people that they just didn't do it they campaigned I will recognize all of them and they didn't do it and they didn't do it they didn't come through this is many many presidents not just President Obama he campaigned on a to never did it Bush campaigned on a Clinton campaign everybody did they didn't do it and I did it but what I did with the calls I'll explain this just to this first row of young geniuses from Liberty University what I did is I didn't take the calls and then after I signed the document had a press conference announced it and now Jerusalem becomes the capital of Israel it's a big thing right after I did it I probably had 25 calls from leaders of countries who were going to say please don't do it I called them back hey what's up what's going what's up and they said sir we were going to ask you not to do the embassy in Jerusalem if that were possible but you did it yesterday [Applause] and I said to all of my said honesty I'm sorry I wish I got to you a little bit earlier and this year we recognized Israel sovereignty over the Golan Heights that was another big thing [Applause] that's been 52 years in the making many many summits they had many many summits people would fly in with their big jets from all these countries these big beautiful jets in Thailand they talk about the Golan Heights for two days and then they fly out nothing what happened I did it first time and maybe most importantly or very importantly I withdrew the United States from the disastrous Iran nuclear deal remember when they signed that deal they're all screaming death to us a death to the United States they're screaming is we're signing a deal whoever signs a deal with the screaming death to the USA you got John Kerry the world's worst negotiator who by the way has totally violated the Logan Act okay you know he's talking to them all the time telling them what to do G don't do it you're gonna make me look bad if you do it don't make a deal wait Trump least probably says wait a mout maybe you lose the election how about that we have a long way to go 15 months right and you have a guy saying wait I'm out maybe a lose the election that's it gets the law it's against the law you can't do that I'm supposed to be doing a good job I tell you what if it weren't for him I really think they would have already been in negotiations with us maybe even had a deal but maybe that won't happen and if it doesn't happen that's fine with me I have unlimited time as far as I'm concerned but that was a disastrous deal death to America death to Israel remember they're signing it Carrie signing they're screaming death to Israel death to America we've imposed the toughest ever sanctions on Iran and we added more this week my administration is also speaking out against religious persecution all around the world we believe that every community has the right to worship in peace in Latin America we support the people of Cuba and Nicaragua and Venezuela in their righteous struggle for freedom right of progress here in America we reject their failed socialist ideology of government domination [Applause] you'll end up with another Venezuela right here and it won't take long our rights don't come from politicians they come from the Creator America was not built by bureaucrats America was built by innovators and entrepreneurs pioneers and pastors and ministers and priests and families and factory workers and rabbis and dreamers and doers our destiny is not written in Washington it's written in our hearts we know that faith and prayer not federal regulation defines the moral character of our country we know that we know that families and churches not government officials know best how to create strong and loving communities that's why our one of our pastors and our clergy telling us what they think I want to hear from them I don't want them to be held up in making a statement I want to hear from those people those are the people you want most to hear from perhaps even more so than your president but maybe not I don't know you tell me but I want to hear from them I don't want them to be hurt or harmed or taxed because they're giving their views those are the views I want to hear above all else we know this in America we don't worship government we worship God [Applause] thank you very much thank you we've got you back got you back you came out like no movement in history there's never been a movement like happened in 2016 never happened before to that extent has never been a movement like that I could ask thank you I could ask somebody like Bill Bennett I mean there's never been there's never been a an election like this and even now we still fight and fight and fight they just refused to accept but we're winning the fight and it's a very important fight and the election coming up is in certain ways maybe going to be as important I can't say more important but as important as the election of 2016 in certain ways it could be more important I mean really could because it could all go down very quickly have you have to be very very careful bill I don't think there's ever been anything like happened in 2016 what do you think I really you know I believe it I just not because I mean it's just a movement that nobody has ever seen anything like it anywhere all over the world they talk about it everyone here today is united by the same tireless values the dignity of work the miracle of life and the blessings of freedom every day of my presidency we fight on behalf of hard-working citizens who pay their taxes follow our laws raised our children protect our communities and make this the greatest nation ever to exist on the face of the earth and today I honestly believe it's greater than it's ever been before [Applause] and I also think very importantly that we have more potential than we've ever had before that's a very important thing we haven't stopped we have more potential you years think of that [Applause] over 80 years and it goes up a little bit more could even break the all-time record but 80 years is not so bad the choice of our future has never been clearer the radical left offers a vision of socialism censorship high taxes open borders and extreme late term abortion our movement is about lifting up all Americans we're fighting for the American worker we're fighting for the American family and we're fighting for the American dream with your help our nation will prosper in the fullness of faith and the glory of Liberty our families will be strong our children will be free our country will be safe and America will forever remain one proud nation under God together with the love the prayers and devotion of everyone in this room and the millions and millions of Patriots all across our land we will make America great again for all Americans greater than ever before thank you god bless you and God bless america thank you thank you [Applause] [Applause] [Applause] [Applause]

Governance Bites #1: 'How can Boards add real value to their not-for-profit organisations?'

leadership organization is only three years old but partnering with nonprofits each for 20 years despite my useful books I specialize in is and these government's bites are a chance to reflect Russia I've been improve governance as nonprofit organizations I'll just explain a couple of things and they're not even the new things what mostly sell now the first of all you will notice on the e/m on the table that there's a big a resize over any of you who have gone to a pizza and the restaurant will immediately recognize the coloring has met its you've got your own coloring placement or the evenings usually prepared and it should also take away all the ideas that we talked about if you fill it in and cover it in and that's what felt on the table therefore and I have a fabulous promise I'm going to ward in the evening for the most colorful more messiest just to get so how competitive juices going off in one seat it will see pristine clear to paper that it won't filling things in or mucking around with it that's I want you to get your hands dirty area and play without I smell there's another piece of colored paper which I'll come back to that and there's also some bits and pieces in the middle of the table sometimes I forget to explain these and people are waiting all night to see what great exercise and disciplines not to get exercise just because some of us concentrate bit on with feeling and so that's those of you would like to do that and there's a variety of things too most of your needs just so strong in a live person The Closer that you were okay and so the men didn't have all – so the has point would turn to but I just remembered one thing the yeah so we meet over six months generally it's the first Wednesday in the month but those of you who plan ahead like in our diet will realize that first Wednesday in this month is isolated to local holidays and Waitangi day and so the first way today is 5:30 I understand Audrey what we're trying to find them in a venue and probably hopefully won't be here you'll you'll hear all about that make sure you have lived your email address if you haven't registered beforehand I will feel well so that you can give you touch about them they will just like there's six topics a little bit more about the other ones at the end of tonight at the fire and they were based on a meeting that we held here in November that talked about what were the priority areas that people wanted to focus on in terms of looking at nonprofit government so they come out of terms of message together as many of those ideas as week says liquid but people prioritize or even though some of the faces in the room who were the end so okay that's that's enough introduction because I'm going to go into the first exercise which is I want you to think about how will your life is going and I want you to worry about your ego or just think about little life let's get now having said that I do want to remind people this is a workshop not therapy say only in this year as much as you want to and you can bye completely with all right now sorry you have as many many truths just think about if you were a the life is governed if there was a continuum from one end well your life is well done to the other end not very well governed poorly governed send in an administrator think about where you would be on that continuum and while you're thinking I'm actually going to get you to place yourself physically on that continuum and we're going to go out into the hall and up this end I'm going to put my life is not well done and Sydney Australia down the end I'm going to put my life is well government give the board an Underwood and we were to make your life not your organisation orange yeah so rank yourself on there you don't you know two people on the same spot because you might be equally well or badly up and say does that feel mind as it continued so make sense [Laughter] and it [Applause] – never cutter as well is just trying to work out what was the criteria you easy the order to assess yourself you have to have some criteria they make conscious funding you must hit some criteria [Applause] what some of the thoughts can't use what were the criteria that we use your missus you use it when I ask you a crazy question so welcome I mean we like really good almost as much as under Elizabeth governments and then I'm in a matter I'm just gonna [Applause] [Applause] okay so anyone can share what was some of the criteria that playing this caliber in the direction organize their names to like adventure sorry something else that I damaged need values mint he was having some addressing issues addressing issues financially that's a great list so they already have a pretty good idea about what what are some of the key elements of good governance and in fact sometimes the problem is we have too many ideas and it's about what do we focus so it's not because you don't have any idea and we all we all have some ideas even at that so conscious level then exercise a tough debate in the front way because people have to introduce yourselves this is a way of helping to I think about a little bit whatever some of our implicit or a few ideas about good governance and whether it's in our life or in our NGO aware of the same principles to apply and now there's something else that is also really important for the governors and that's origami okay so I'm going to teach you some origami anyone here an expert on origami so this is what you need couple of introductory concepts the this is Lance position and this is position like so I'm going to be holding out to show you but it'll be easier if you do it on the table so first of all put it into landscape position and fold one side over so that it meets the other side and once the edges arrives anything like that the edges right first and then do the creased okay so into the crease first engages product into the crease and your third inning it is you can use your fingernails to get a nice sharp edge very well or for instructions okay so anyway put it out again and so that the the point you meters down and then what I want you to do is to take one side and fold it over into the middle once you've both right quickly lined up also going to do another crease and use you can find a friend or you do that and then you just repeat on the other side they should have these sharp edges is to follow that into there so you make triangle shape like that and what you've now got is your knife fight you could use that amazing or what we've used in our workshops and I may be either right you're naked and you'll notice that you write your name on the second one see what not for one I'm going to give you some big pins so you're write your name be so that even though I can see it [Applause] [Laughter] and want to talk about beside the Europe or what's making a difference or adding value because as someone who's been followed these organizations on the board of staff managing them for quite a number of years the thing that frustrated me was when it felt like okay we have him aboard it was that was the little war but but when I'm actually adding any value organization was just happening and check one of the little hesitant says well you're organized I should get it different if the board stopped meeting it's a scary question the some organizations on I'm afraid me yes would be not much not for everyone but Harrogate has any of the most about you make me much difference because nonprofit organizations don't have people or money or is also spiritual everything is they biggest bang for our buck out of them and so this pardon me for quite a while because I think there's also a bit of it where we play let's pretend so sometimes when boards have a staff the manager writes the strategic plan and the board finances spelling mistake on page three identities that was the board strategic plan so so and this proofreading is your main talent there's a lot of added value so there's quite a bit of curve let's pretend in organizations and often the bigger they get the more let's pretend there is so we know where as Asians are not necessarily the best models for how boards value some of them best values some of them in small organizations especially as they're all volunteer organizations okay so the this kind of working for a while until I came across this little bit of research that simply taken a while ago but it really kind of gave me a new insight that I didn't have before so that's why I want to share with you minutes it's gonna be the main focus tonight to buy a couple called pilot unstable 1994 zone one century last millennium the context so it was done in the US and was done with organizations to get government funding which you may or may not and they're mostly social service organizations you some of them will be some of you won't be so this the context is quite a little bit different so you only human to be the ones the judgment which fits of this fit us and which bits don't you know your context anyone else in the room the yeah so that so you be the judges of that what this and this research also was really very kind of focused bit over focus I think as an ally look that we're de Bourgh words and value in the organization's relationship with and find out so only get one relationship the funding relationship but I think what they found at home and more general so here after you work out whether it does apply or not start without more ado I will just explained what they found they basically found four levels or four dimensions in which boards actually added value so this was not a theoretical study and this is not as should stay that's not saying a board should do business when he hid in the world of governments you will find libraries fold up shoe books mostly metallic unrealistic and assume that there's nothing else to do with their life except being a board member and IQ of 150 and the Brad Pitt and they are wonderfully but there is a people as Mahatma Gandhi yeah so they just assumed these amazing unrealistic expectations this is what a lot of this research it was what was the saying what shoe happened wasn't merriment they were just saying what did happen with just with anything and as I said the four levels there the first level that they saw value being added to the funder relationship by board members was as practically hover so in the researchers example the winners might help with applications might help open doors to funders where they had a personal relationship might help having a look at back to the family to see to but apart from the funder relationship what I'd like to do is just have a little with practical [Applause] [Applause] what kind of skills you can see I was a doctor once they find the right so I and one of the jobs of the committee at the end of each season was to clean out the clubhouse now the clubhouse was one of those shitty part from itit it was because that's but it's amazing it by the end of a season would be covered before becoming mad of stocks broken shoe stunts balls knitted brilliant lighting and things like that and the one things that the committee this year was clean it out so everybody came they had a nice clean clubhouse – it may be more practical so this is this the Boat Show as I said this research was about what happened on Schumann before we look at some of the other things why do you think boards and board members doing these things together sometimes it's just it's also just a numbers like there are six all right all members are there's a half of one staff person so when you need something done and you need some more hands yeah that's that's a first port of call and as you said here sometimes it's also I watched mounted but quality here or if numbers a quality I would have a particular expertise that you might not have on staff rather volunteers so think about your energy I'm not sure how to be your PR department is it's probably not quite as big as your accounts division thank you our strategic financial management branch or in business weeks we generally expect star to be Jackson's yields of all trades but sometimes you need people who know something about a particular area and one way to do that is you can get them some people say oh yeah and we have people that we could never afford to pay so there's that okay so that was one little research organization so representing the organization to others has to fund this but also be representin to endure a group or routing approach or that for every report speaking up on behalf of the organization to attract supporters or whatever the just in your table about why all members could value in doing [Applause] sorry my extra networks and that might just be because there are eight because of particular manner or connections or prestige in my Celtic history or members who bring those networks with us with one organization in Auckland who operate across a range of different areas and running programs but also they wanted to try and advocate to change some government policies that adversely affected their area and they realize that they are not doing very well on this because they didn't know how to do it and they know it before the PR firm or lobbyist lobbying so there's how the know yes they would look out for a retired politician there were sympathetic to their course so I knew how words had many had some connections and again it's a case of they can employ that is my experience not necessarily academic knowledge and connections things that they will talk about I think the quantity being helps here too with the networks were just telling more people have more relationships no matter how well you know that your manager or coordinator might be able ten people likely to have some missing no others to have all those connections this turn remember the ad was for I think it was for Toyota secondhand cars and refurbishing the cars and a lot of people were doing the work so yeah we do we do the repainting and it's fantastic result yeah people saying you know we we could really fix the upholstery and a fantastic result and then there's one person being you wanna remember the end not other people doing the work as a little bit like organizations is it that these the slight independence of the wood from the day to day work can add credibility so it's not saying that the staff and other volunteers have this commitment to the organization but somehow or other a would be the saying this is a great organization and even support it carries more weight manager saying this is available as a should use through supported by the way paid my server so the just having that's a little bit of Independence a voluntary board member does that make sense ends at least credibility I think so I think there is some credibility factor not because paid staff rate less credible but that's just how things are see the mostly they're all self interest is better yeah yeah I think there is it's slightly different from personal matters that it's the authority of the busy a prestigious position this is you taking advantage on as well okay halfway in now the third dimension is the as buffer so before we obviously they using buffer as a what is a so stops things but there's a very particular way of doing that yeah absorbs outside of event now I am NOT engineer but I'm told that originally referred to basics of trans but you know those round things on the end of carriages so the characters are bump into each other and again and I'm also told so that might be if you find out I'll be repeated of the spots that the the reason that they had to do that was when carriages I'm trying to running a walnut bumping into each other they can they multiply the energy Arachne to each other literally without the buffers all their energy the carriages would induct dat right so you would literally go off the tracks if you have some way absorbing some of that external energy it doesn't stop energy all together it doesn't protect the organization that the carriage from being bumped into but it absorbs some of that is you say be bumped into his list disastrous consequences okay so people now thinking about that metaphor so I think what they meant here is with boards as buffers is that boards are a kind of a protection they absorb some of the outside pressures that might derail the organization sometimes as pressures come from funders who might want you to do good things but not your things really is the threat you know someone want you to do something people will take out a contract shooting on someone the run broke usually is just to divert you away from your main business or run things in slightly different ways so what what this research found was the boards actually provided a very useful role in the organizational you know again it's a mission why do some of this work above and beyond what as individual managers staff member or any difficulty so have a shake have a chat on the tables see if you go to Travis or Norman because things on track as well yes yes so there's protection in numbers it's actually more recently a lot of research on what's been wisdom of the crowds if you've seen any of that basically shows the more people you ask the more accurate answers you get not more explain and this is wonderful in AB research that looked at the stock exchange and see who could predict when stocks would go up and the ite garbage collectors of New York and more accurate result that any single investment advisor just because the ATO book now a single garbage like that was any better than the there there's just something about numbers there's also a bit of protection in numbers yeah beside individual you made the tough decision it's the group sorry that's the decision they had to be harder to undermine it's a collective responsibility so this there was some rotation in there couples don't tell anyone where I used to use as I see use as a tactic if I was losing a negotiation room when I was a manager I used to say oh I understand where you're coming from but I have to take that to my much more pressure courage yeah okay the other way any otherwise is objectivity in the emotional yes yeah the you know you're something really running is really this was a tough lesson for me to learn and in fact I would have after I left my last job as a manager which I I just I so I'm just going to tell you that story the I was measuring this organization in now see if I can wipe the secret off that I just a manager of an organisation in Australia national organization was any poppy poppy represent welfare groups this was pre-internet I was the one who put their finances online and that all that disastrous stuff relations at that period it's fun from anyone's mother tried everything but most of my time there this was pre email testings and it was made out of two representatives of each state that's fourteen plus four or five national member organizations as eighteen or nineteen plus the directly elected president directly with the treasurer so my twenties I think I might play forgot someone so his twenty more than 20 22 25 board members around the table which is quite a gaggle of warden visitor time and because in my who came from every state and territory was quite expensive to get people physically in the room and so he makes four times a year and one of those it was their age again but we met on a Saturday on Friday and said thanks if you wanted to take one day off work and one day at their family time and so these were quite intensive means to day meetings three big ones and a little one associate with the AGM every year and because was a lot of us look was advocacy on issues and trying to change government's opinion about things as well as having to have policies for how to read ourselves we had to agree on what our policy was forward pushing as that load will start to so there were quite a lot of things that this board members that will grow and the board papers were getting bigger and bigger literally runs later about that never in my defense that did include reports attached to people that background information ones but it was literally their bad that see you can just get into the career on water sorry now I don't bury wise cheer at time near side is that well purpose of starting to expand that's it yeah now we selected you because we trusted you all of your things before you were smart enough to do the things we want in managing organizations we only want the bottom line from you you don't need to give us all that detail just the bottom line if we're on the server take glass or more but we want less just want a short answer bottom line the options that we need to make decisions I've done it to know everything you know I was about to be able to life young boy so I nodded and smiled and see me thought to myself oh my easy but here I am like the right stuff mother reading it you know about it it's got a change at the time you know I'll do those also doesn't so I did triad reduce the size and D quite as much as they wanted and but till the day I live that organization I thought really his committee this mean they would want to know where details as well I was completely wrong because in fact if you take my perspective to its logical conclusion I wanted them all to know all the details that I knew them all to have the same complexities and competing information that I had I want them all to infect to be just like 25 cannot surround the table now you don't know but let me assure you twenty-five gaps around the table it's not necessarily everyone's dream the effect there was already one of me didn't need another twenty-four of me the there's no point in having a group of people if they're all going to be the same thing all the same a vegetable identical only when I read this research did I realize that one of the reasons that boards can be good buffers is because they don't know all the details but I'm absorbed in all the day-to-day stuff as well as the big picture now it would manager does also have to give their own image they're not just doing them running or elevated a bit whatever where it's going awry with but that's one of many things they have to do along with nine making a make payroll next all right should we change our telephone system what issues would be moving along this way I had well recruit them the new person quickly because we've got some revision tasks you know all the other things you do when you manage an organization the if I had just made them all the governor's like me wearing at all details like me they wouldn't be able to exclusively focus on the big picture so so I've called this thing I think I made know pretty good distance it's still me like that research maybe I read it somewhere else but the one of the advantages one of the strengths one of the value heirs of boards is not knowing all the details not very swamped by all the details so they can concentrate on the big picture really or around values what's the most important thing and so I thought they're not going to details was the problem I had to overcome so that's why I was shoveling all this information but in fact it was the value there were any there's a completely different one on said there was a big revelation for me unfortunately too late for this authorization but it's about that so we will do the I do not know all the details is actually an advantage now tell you one specific story from the organization to I think illustrates really well the we had employment we haven't we had a lot of project recording because what money it costs the they we had recruited a person for approaching a 12-month project and she was fabulous she was really smart she shared that values we really try to you know you a hint of what the task wasn't she knew exactly how to do it she was very effective at this project that sound so that she got all that project work done and also contributed to other stuff so she was a real asset evaluation in that two months that she was there because I recruited her and she what yeah just meters away from me I also happen to know that she was a single mom and so this was the summer income before time another job that she had with us so had four months were coming to an end tossing yeah is some way great person who values and also it's really finance people you know like to have something called you income the and this funding opportunity came along now I will see exactly our core business it wasn't legal yeah we do it now animals will be harmed in the process and I watch you know she will probably have some time left over they could do other things as well so so much the war to say I think we should do this other project and you know what didn't know this one in fact they had never they never actually admitted and and they said really do you think this is where we should be focusing our energy you know I know this is the money for it but it also takes away more time and concentration if you're managing the project we don't want you to be focused on that these are these are the things we need to focus on and we have a protocol robust discussion and in the end they overruled my recommendation and it was the I think the reason that they were able to make that but it was a tough decision much easier was because they didn't know all the details they were not conflicted by all the complexities I knew enough of the important things and they asked the right questions how does this along with our mission values has the light of that car every school in lieu in the next year or two so it wasn't not knowing enough that other decision every limits it was not being distracted by irrelevant stuff like that focus on the important things so that's that's what I mean by a right to have a rule that is the ones they might have made apart from relationships okay the fourth dimension that they talk about is really its overlaps with the bath house stuff and some days I'm not sure why they made a separate category but I think they want emphasize it to give it its own visibility and they have talked about there are all of the boards and the board members is the values guardians of the organization the kaity on here the code mama when I first came to Christ Church which is where I live now for 25 years some of you might have to take this slight West Island accent oh great I really came from Australia when I first came to Christ Church of many organizations and among those I was to the Red Cross Church and after the welcoming ceremony yeah which is itself heaven I went into completed Part C and in and in the dining room with seven a circle and everyone introduce themselves about what their role was in the organization and why the person wouldn't never it halfway so many were saying well you know I are on the Cabal housing the chunkier service or I did this I related the this one person when it can read to her she said that that I meant she said I am the mighty Aki I think about and it was absolutely nothing to me the time of what she was saying but she was the guardian of the mission and values of the organization she was the chair of thought but I saw it she knew exactly what her key bra was to be the protector of mission and values of the organization and with with that critical distance of not being involved in all the details all nervous had more capacity this is more free envision space it's less closet without this opportunity environment this is not to say that other staff and volunteers are not committed to the mission and values of the organization you want them to be that but that's one of many things and the unique value era or what is this is their one true job does that make sense okay so I'm going to leave the research and go on to the gas interpretation of my theory but by identify the boards do these four things but I don't think all were equally important as someone's already said he questioned whether that's practical help being role was really the board's even though they came out very good and they do especially small organizations we'll move on to your organization's that's often a core part of what they do but even so I don't think all of these functions I think it's in fact in the reverse order so that the most important thing is this baby's guardianship role and a lot of board members say me where should I focus my time Europe because this was something new added each year does not Occupational Health and Safety is conflict of interest or some new financial reporting requirement or some change to our expectations you just get ratcheting up all the things that I'm supposed to do is not my life I do have a life what can a focus on so my boards is if you can't do anything else just be fantastic then use guardians do that really well and then with all your mind and you will add enormous value to the organization you will make immediate to us if you've got time and energy left over after that then take on some of these other buffer roles but do they were fabulously well folks bring us up to take all these half-ass do what you do do well that's what makes the difference if you sort out time and energy improvement after being a fantastic values guy and a great AHA then you can take on some of these ambassador robots as well the one of the things I'm about the harbour we're talking about this is ambassadors not only represent countries out they also really intelligence back information that I think all businesses investors into both as well like an advocate for the organisations and they can bring ideas and feedback that's absolutely if you've got time I usually don't do that and do it well and then if you've got time leaves you left over be the practical helper do the practical helping stuff and do that really well the problem is this is meeting I think the problem is that most do we start the other way around and we start doing the practical helping would and there's so much practical helping work that needs to be done that it's almost endless and you never get on to the next stage will be other stuff is only in the spare time of the luxury icing I'm gonna tape up the core stuff I think this is just my view I think the reason that that it happens is because if you don't know what to do you do what you know so if you were invited onto a board and now it has ever really clearly said what the board's role is they want to be helpful so that we help us and it's better I'll give you financial advice don't worry about give you legal expertise they've got good relations you politicians I'll introduce you to politicians and they can spend all of their governments come on doing that practical helping stuff and all of that is helpful by definition or it's not practical health but it's not the it's not the key role and the reason I say there is because in the end you can buy this you can go to a shop and get legal advice and in fact you can go to a community law simply get it for free or you can get pro bono from a law firm but you don't have to be on the board to give legal advice however you do have to be at the heart of the organization to the de Guardian others values you can buy venues guardianship off the shelf or on a casual basis you need to be at the heart of the organization involved in what it's doing it's the key decisions knowing committed are really all about the why not just for what you have to be in there to do this so make sense so that's why I think this is the irreducible bit because you can't by stuffing it down here can be replaced by other volunteers when we cleaned out the country Wanderers pogrom we actually could have recruited a cleaning crew or we would have someone to play in fact that thought did occur to some of us it sounds like this would be much better with paid some of the business because you don't need to be the heart of the organization to clean the compounds but you do need to be at the mobilization to Garlits that news bike shorts on track and that will align does that make sense so just other tables have a chat about how these functions the far this framework take it back to say when we focusing on where we spend this time it more edgy edgy great one of things is a trap with this is everyone's discovered mission statements and statements the the most heinous commercial organizations in the world will have a set of values so the big truck here is weak get seduced into the just if we write if you write something down with completed within values what were doing who is not writing something down this is not having a nicely crafted statement this is about values in action are we checking to ensure that everything you do is really welcome it's just one we mean the vision are the actions have a staff of volunteers trained participants of clients and community how the staff relates to each other all that kind of stuff is living in the vision if it's putting those values into action so this is this is not as simple as it sounds the it's not just about being nice being able to obviously but a mission statement yes were bad news oh yes revisions they have any useful things to have may be necessary but they're not sufficient they can be excuses for not actually being the truth lens does that make sense this is something more it's about a sickness in connection and I've seen the organization to make sure these things will leave true and alive the other enemies is very similar it actually the right thing I like about this Romeo is it doesn't give us another task tech more time just do this another way of doing it root arts so it's basically saying that all the decisions that are made I would run them through the mission vision and Barbuda lens as board members we make any decision or any discussion all the activities on the other side are we running it through this lens so it's not adding extra things to do it's just anything different way or a focused way of doing all the things that we need to okay I so as you can tell I quite like this framework you changed my life generals do it was a very different man I wish I had a tense car way of saying summers have a kind of you that wasn't as clear as read about this so in in this last bit of time we've got together I just wanna look at some how we keep focused in McGovern's and to talk really about what sit here governor Schweitzer so we we came out with some with some revenues local governments and if you go into most dictionaries and we'll get the definition of government you will find something completely useless mostly things they define governance as managing and there might be differences seizures between the two but if you look alive in the definition some dictionaries have make sure said the wrong word the entomology I mean the study of e6i means the origin of the word whichever was listening it Somalian entomology whichever is what the study of insects in the origin of the word lot of mysteries and if you look if you look at the origin of governance in English you'll see that it comes originally from the Greek Qyburn and via the Latin Luminara and these words in the Greek and the Latin meant originally to steer especially as in a boat so there's a little bit of that in a sense of governing curved limits where things can go but we've kind of lost that in the english's it's really bad steering and in both in this books about balance you'll find long definitions which are more helpful I must admit that extreme education but I so long but I always forget but the thing that I can remember is a picture like steering and if I ever worked what am I not doing the government something else I just asked myself am I still steering not just rubbing the the rally has to happen because if you sit there steering although you know may prefer but it's not the governance role may be the same people in their volunteer roles to run at another point but that's not the sitting direction of the aligning with the mission vision values which is the governance committee does committees can do other things they need new management they can do operations they can do much fun things but the government's bit is this steering the by hold metaphors you don't want to push it too far and we're going to come back and look at some of the more complexities of the difference between governance and management at next month's session as we go in the balance right how we do that in practice every day show the differences because what people talk about is there's no single formula that will fit every organisation in every context despite what some will just tell you the you have to work out how you get the balance right for your organization and this is not to suggest that they have a paid manager they've got nothing to contribute to the operation center of course they do but it's not that he and only job they also have to do the mentor role the road as well and one of the handy things about the funny way that rowboats as opposed to penalties is that we face each other so that that is a nice little extra bit so therefore because it helps show that where the steerer and the bra have to actually work together they both see different perspectives that we would be the way we're going and they had them together to get the overall picture so as I said we come you don't want to take me to four to five personally I found this one a nice simple thing to remember a simple little manger to remember that much easier than all those complex long in the books so let's see yeah this might have three big messages and you'll know they are going to be large font the do is to think about is there anything that you would do differently or anything any particular message you want to take back to the board I'm able to clarify there like talking out loud to the other people at your table is like you got to take away from the night that I think you want to take back to the pool of a key message or something that you might think I'm doing differently just see we can make that a little bit explicit because one of the things about the research in human behavior is that the more explicit we make our intentions the more like so [Applause] the first of them and the other sessions which are all on the first a march will look at all the managers in the balance right in keeping it legal the board's legal obligations a member of the funding these is that me for some time each month to provide one-on-one coaching with individual the thing is so that means if you can organize it around before or after one of these otherwise you might pay for a basic price children especially if it's a coaching session with cheer Skype or video conferencing things we can do so haven't even that got six months to do it but over that time you'll be first so if you interested and have some lead for a particular consultation then feel free to just email me some are GAF at label dominance it because traveled nice so I think that's the main things I needed to say or say it's precious what happens on the way home from the meeting so I'm sure I'll think of something else and that just leaves us with the most colorful so each table to identify who they were nominates [Applause] [Applause] [Applause]

Nonprofit Board Governance

this is the last in a series of four workshops brought to you by the alumni consulting team and the public management program both programs of the Center for Social Innovation just a quick word about each of them the alumni consulting team is an estimated to be one of the largest pro bono resource providers in the Bay Area and provides an estimated value of more than 1 million dollars in pro bono management consulting service annually to the nonprofit community through a network of GSB alumni and student volunteers for over three decades the public management program has prepared the next generation of social sector leaders by giving MBA students the knowledge and experience necessary to apply business principles to social and environmental issues the PMP remains the first and only Business School in the nation to offer a certificate in public management as I said both of these programs are programs of the Center for social innovation an umbrella organization that's committed to promoting effective and efficient solutions to social problems in the United States and around the world now I'd like to introduce our moderator William F Mian bill is the chairman of the West Coast practice of McKinsey and company during his 24 years with the firm bill has had extensive experience working with chief executives and senior managers of a wide range of businesses in New York asia-pacific and the western United States in addition to his private sector experience he has extensive experience working with many nonprofits in philanthropy health care education the arts the environment Public Television and economic death economic development he is on the board of many many nonprofit organizations including the San Francisco Symphony philanthropic research incorporated and the organs Shakespeare Festival just to name a few he currently is the chair of the board for the United Way of the Bay Area we are proud to have bill as a CSI lecturer and strategic management here at the GSB and as our resident expert on nonprofit board governance as a BA in English and comparative literature from Columbia University and an MBA from none other than the GSB in fact this year marks his 25th reunion from the GSB and as a p.m. here I cannot imagine a better slate of experts to share this issue to explore this issue with you this evening so please join me in walking welcoming this esteemed panel Thank You Julie I think I the real reason I'd facilitate these panels is that I have Julie get to introduce me once every year or so I never think more highly of myself than when Julie introduces me a couple of quick notes of introduction I'm going to just very briefly introduce our very distinguished panel and I'll ask each of our panel members to introduce themselves a little bit more depth when they begin their remarks on my left of course is John morgridge who you know probably most prominently is the chairman of Cisco but also extensively involved in the nonprofit and philanthropic sectors next is Kavita Ram Dass who is president CEO of the Global Fund for women and I think we've learned on these panels it's always best if we actually have the leader of a non-profit represent their point of view on government governance in addition to we volunteer board members and all the way to my at the end of my left is Bob Fisher a longtime executive at the gap and now on the board of directors and with extensive involvement primarily an environmental nonprofits I'm gonna start out just by asking each of our panel members will be speaking for about 10 minutes each and then we'll leave plenty of time for questions no need to write them on an index card but we'll be taking questions until probably 7:15 a little bit longer if you would like I usually start out of these things with just trying to orient us all with a few of what I call the nine attributes of best practices for nonprofit governance if my overarching theme is that if you give me any set of hard and fast rules for nonprofit governance I will find a nonprofit which violates every single one which is well governed and I will find you one that at least on the face adheres to those hard and fast rules very well and is not very well governed at all having said that I do think there are a few principles and I'll just share three or four of of my nine and perhaps the first one is the most important one which is I think well govern nonprofits have an ambitious mission which is clearly identified in my MBA class which now includes about 65 students every year the MBAs are assigned the task of going to find the mission for a nonprofit and to evaluate it and in virtually every year we conclude that probably 80 or 85% of those mission statements for those nonprofits have a significant lack by some relatively you know thoughtful criteria and so I just think it's very hard for a government for a governing body to be effective for a non-profit if the mission is not clear if it isn't ambitious if it isn't something that actually does energize them and the nonprofit themselves and I think it's it's one of those things that's perfectly obvious and and and far too rare that nonprofit board to actually just start with a profound thinking through their mission many of the questions you hear about nonprofit governance have to do with the mechanics how big should a non-profit board be is perhaps the most common question and the answer is 22 people there is no good answer to that question and I have seen a lot of people have a prejudice against large boards and I think that there are any number of very very effective large boards and again there are some very small boards you know five six or twelve people that are not very effective there's no question that larger boards are require more discipline more process but I have a couple of guidelines I think all effective boards have a small group of truly committed leaders if it's a 4 to 12 or 15 it's probably no more than 3 or 4 people if you have a board of 15 people with 4 people who are really deeply committed and energized and and spend a lot of time you're a very fortunate organization if you have a board of 75 or 80 it's probably 12 or 15 and perhaps that's represented in an executive committee it doesn't always have to be but but for sure you can identify those people by name and for me that the test is a relatively simple one which is for those people this activity is their number one non work non family activity and I think that that's almost just a minimum test in terms of how large a board can be I really don't think there's a simple test my rule of thumb is that a board can have up to 10 or 15% not active members and still be a vital board and not active meaning by you know simple rules of work wealth and wisdom are they generous personally do they help in the development process do they bring the skills that they're on the board to bring do they show up do they care and you're never going to get particularly on a large board below ten or fifteen percent in active members because there's always a few people you've asked on who turned out not to be able to deliver against their commitment or you made a mistake or their 87 years old and it's just more pragmatic to allow them to continue in their at that time so I really think that's the simplest test for the size of the board and there are many boards performing art boards perhaps most prominently we're for development purposes diversity purposes constituency purposes it makes a lot of sense to have a larger board it obviously means that you have to have very disciplined committee processes we're much if not most of the important work of the board is going to go on and you certainly need an executive committee that's high functioning with that size of a board the last thing I'll point out is I think effective boards have a process and a systematic way to engage the board in what I call the thing itself there are a lot of boards you go and you just wonder sometimes what you are the board of you go through the fans committee report and you go through the nominating committee report and you go through the marketing report and you go through this report and that report and it could be anything and in fact most of us are involved in nonprofit because we care deeply about the thing itself and it could be the environment it could be music it could be teaching kids to read it could be helping older people it could be any of a range of things and I think effective boards in a very disciplined way at the board meetings and outside of board meetings make sure that the board members feel like they're very much in touch with the reason that they're there in the first place if you're a symphony board member you want to see a musician or a musician director if you're on a board helping older people you'd like to actually spend some time with older people if you're supporting underprivileged families you should have a family that's been helped if you're teaching kids to read you should have some kids who've learned to read as a result of this program actually come to the board meetings and I think that that would be much more energizing than the next 15 minutes of the report from the Finance Committee so there are many other things that I think can contribute to an effective board but those are sort of my top three or four just trying to frame this again I think we have a terrific panel and John we look forward to your comments thank you how many of you are board members of an so we've got a lot of advice well I've always found these financial reports the most intriguing that by stating that I think that one of the real values of diversity on a board is that different people find different parts of the board activity intriguing and it's been amazing to me I think many boards have had kind of a policy of diversification but within the last since the spotlight has been put on business within the last two years the boards that I'm on and I'm on some national boards I'm on some university boards I'm on some local boards but I would say half of them now we get a spreadsheet with all of the capabilities lifts listed all the terms listed what what their area of expertise is and I think it's a real I think that's important because there should be someone that's interested in the financial report and what it indicates and what the budget is for the coming year because the quickest way for a non-profit to get in trouble is to spend money they don't have or spend money that doesn't become part of it last year I was on a national board and I should have known better they came forward with a budget that was ten percent over the prior year's budget there was no business that was planning to grow ten percent in the past this past year there just wasn't any I looked at a board I am on the local board that came in with a budget a couple of months ago that had an 18% increase for next year how many people in the room leave that you can raise 18% more in the coming July – July than you raised this year I just don't think it's going to happen and yet if someone's not interested guess what those budgets gets passed when you when you speak about the United Way there's been some real financial challenges you know a lot of the united united way's excepted designated giving but they didn't budget get designated giving and they got in a lot of trouble because they continued to give up to the top 100 as they had for the past decade and guess what the money came in and it wasn't designated that way it was designated to a lot of other organizations so I think the key thing in terms of one of the key things in governance is having diverse board with a lot of varied interests and backgrounds and that's true of a business board also and that reason you know in the same vein almost every nonprofit the number one challenge is fundraising and so it's got to be you have to have a body a group that that takes that on with with enthusiasm because it's a tough job I think the second thing that that's important in board governments is to be sensitive to for change you know most of most of the board's I sit on particularly the local boards are products of an inspired individual and they have a vision and that vision is is the driving force for that group but changes is impacting and it's impacting all nonprofits and change always is an opportunity most of us don't look at it that way and maybe in some cases it isn't I don't know but in the vast majority of cases change is a is a real driver and I think people who come out of the business world have a sense – and a relationship with change and the ability their ability to translate that and make it you know functional activity or make it impact within within the nonprofit the last thing I think that is important is I'm amazed in the nonprofit world I've always been amazed in the nonprofit world at the lack of leverage amongst the kind of industry group you know in the nonprofit world even today it they're basically silos they're basically silos and it seems to me that one one idea that I would strongly recommend in in board governance is that you have the executive director of some other nonprofit on your board and that you've worked that you asked your executive director to go on some other nonprofit point you know in business it's almost universal that you're on at least one other board and the preference is to have at least one or two presidents of operating companies on your board you look at you look at the board you look at the nonprofit boards I'll wager it's less than 10% that have someone who's on another board and yet I think it's very important because there is a lot of leverage there are a lot of you know one of the easiest ways to improve your capability is to steal a good idea you know you don't have to go through any of the pain or agony it's already been proven you know all you do is pick it up and carry it along and as a board member I think it's important it's helpful if you're on a couple of boards because then you really can do that you really can steal ideas and bring them and have them apply and then the last thing I think that that board should be sensitive to and it's on the same theme as collaboration and that is that there is leverage in collaboration you know in our company we look at markets and we look at the ecosystem of the market who are the players who are all the players that are in our space and then we figure out how we can leverage all of those capabilities so that we get not just a return on their dollar we invest but we get those are my observations I'll leave it there pass it on to my colleague good evening it's a pleasure to be here I must say that I was figuring out how my batting average was going to look after John and bill went through sort of the must-have requirements and I'm just glad to see that so far at least on John's list I'm batting two for three so it's not too bad even if you consider that I'm thinking about cricket and not baseball in addition to being here amongst an unlikely group of similar people I like sitting amongst lefties and I'm sitting between two and I'm one myself it's very nice feeling I'm perhaps the the only representative of a non-profit I mean board members who serve on nonprofits here but as CEO a nonprofit that not only works primarily internationally but perhaps the only representative right now who serves both I see you on as a board member on an organization that is consciously feminists dare I use that word and I hope that as I share some of my learnings as CEO you might find that there has been some advantages and some lessons learned and derive both from that philosophy and practice as the women's movement said many years ago the personal is political and I would add perhaps also a professional I'm going to talk about the three C's that I've that I'd like to share at this meeting just from my perspective booth is having served on a number of nonprofit boards but I'm going to speak with my with my C and my CEO hat on in this in this few minutes that I have the first C is communicate caring for any organization like the Global Fund for women that works in 160 countries and has 14 board members eight of whom live and work outside of the United States this is a basic requirement be able to communicate communicate communicate and to do so in a way that communicates a concern and a caring and an appreciation of your board members sharing information sending updates taking time to reconnect when you actually see each other it's not just nice feminist practice it also turns out to be extremely effective for making sure that the work happens so some examples of what I found to be very helpful in this regard part of what will referred to the Global Fund actually not only manages to bring the people whom we serve through our grant-making to visit and meet with board members but in fact we have as board members representatives from those organizations themselves so the women who are on our board from developing countries are often either former grantees or members of our broader Advisory Council some things that we do to try and make sure that we stay in touch during the time that we are far away from each other we meet only twice a year the board needs twice a year because they have to fly in from any different possible I provide the board with monthly email updates our CEO I make a special effort to share special accomplishments of the staff and of individual board members recently one of our board members was nominated to a fairly significant and senior UN position she was very shy about sharing this news but I was in a position to be able to share that news with the board more generally and with our staff that was something that was an appreciation of caring gestures of appreciation again maybe this is unique to a women's organization I would argue that it's good practice for nonprofits people who serve on your boards do so at no cost for the most part except as both bill and John mentioned a deep interest and commitment to the issues it doesn't hurt to show your appreciation send flowers to the board member who spent extra hours helping you complete your strategic plan offer a gift gift certificate of appreciation when somebody has taken the additional time to work with staff on a particularly difficult budget review process to make sure that you weren't presenting an 18% growth rate or whatever small gestures like that don't cost a lot of money but they do communicate caring and concern and I think that they can be very effective ways in which you can sort of build a community on your board that that really makes a difference a few other examples that we use at the Global Fund because many of the people who serve on our board are not in fact wealthy philanthropists themselves and yet they work as board members on an organization that gives away over five million dollars a year in grants to women's rights groups we offer outgoing board members the chance to award a grant of their own to a group of their own special concern or involvement as a gesture of trust and respect it has to meet global fund criteria but it is something that they can make to a group of their own choice we've also made a special effort to link alumni board members so that people who go off the board also receive updates from myself as a CEO ongoing information about what key decisions have been made by the board opportunities to come back and reconnect with people who they've you know had connections with in the past and that's that's proven to be very helpful my second C is constructive criticism one of my best lessons as a relatively new CEO and the Global Fund's Board of the of the Global Fund for women came from a comment made maybe three years ago by my Board Chair Jacques Elina Pechanga who's a leading feminist in Brazil and has been on our board as board chair for the last two years she asked why is there so much applause at Global Fund board meetings is this an American practice and then I I sort of I you know I initially I wasn't quite sure what she meant and then she went on to explicate that she felt that does the staff feel that we as a board are simply here to listen to our multiple achievements and to applaud them because you know the reports that john was talking about you know we don't see them except twice a year and we sort of feel we have to roll out our multiple achievements in this that and the other the Development Report the marketing report all our fabulous materials and and there is this sort of environment and created in which sort of the board members have to sit back sort of with glaze depreciation and then sort of applaud at the end of it she urged us to think about a different design she said you know such a format of a board meeting makes us feel unable to listen to what it is you really worry about what's on your mind where do you need our help where is our expertise going to be helpful to you and I think it changed for us as soon as I could hear that not as oh it's a critique of how we run the global fund but really from a place of this is constructive criticism that could really help us run these meetings in a much more effective way I think we were able to change our board meetings around so that we were able to get the best value of the time of the board members who in fact do have extraordinary expertise on a number of different issues and could have been a resource to program staff and others and fundraising staff and finance staff had we really been able to go and say you know we're working on this knotty issue and we'd really like to spend a couple of hours talking with you and getting your feedback so constructive criticism something that you should be both willing to hear as a CEO without your defences up which is I think an initial reaction of many of us because we think we work so hard at these nonprofits and we just want our accomplishments to be on review but also being willing to provide constructive criticism when we when we feel that might be necessary in terms of kind of board performance and their ability to respond to issues and my last see courage of conviction nonprofit organizations have often been referred to as the independent sector independent that is of either government or the private sector our do-good hats require us to work from a place of high moral conviction where we place a high premium on certain principles and values at all times but maybe particularly in these times where patriotism is defined by lack of dissent and where we defend Liberty by detaining people indefinitely it should be I believe the role of a board of trustees to demonstrate and embody call values and the courage of their conviction which goes back to the issue of a clearly defined mission if in fact you are an organization whose mission it is to see the world as one entity shared by all of us then it must be the board that lives up to that courage and demonstrate and embodies that courage of conviction and then in turn enables that to continue to have the nonprofit feel that its mission is clear and consistent even through difficult times at the Global Fund we have found that the wisdom of that collective conscience if you will that is housed in our Board of Governors has really served us well resulting most recently in a thoughtful and very balanced statement on world affairs that helped us negotiate and navigate relations both on the one side with 2,000 grantee organizations in 160 countries many of which were not feeling particularly warmly towards the United States or organizations based in it in recent times and at the same time to balance and negotiate and navigate our relationships with a primarily us donor base who was seeking to engage with the rest of the world in a manner that was both respectful and non defensive and I think again in this we were helped greatly by being able to look to our board to demonstrate the kind of courage of conviction and clarity of their understanding of the mission of the organization and I felt again in my role as CEO that that was a place where I had much to learn from sort of the collective wisdom of the board thank you Bob thanks Bill there was a couple years ahead of me here at Business School and I guess one of the big regrets I have is not going to work for him after he recruited me to McKinsey but we all end up on the same panel anyway I was a 1980 graduate of the business school and I left Business School and had no nonprofit experience and I was lucky enough to be invited to go on the board of the Bay Area Discovery Museum which is over on rince Marin County side of the Golden Gate Bridge it was the first board experience I had and it was a great experience it was a startup board it was a local board it was small there were older mentors available for me which was a wonderful way to break into the nonprofit world and I think that as as board members join it's it's critical that they're indoctrinated into the board and the way of that particular board because there's a lot of culture in each and every board that's made up and I gained some developed development experience which is critical as all of you know for any board what worked through a capital campaign in 1992 I was invited to go on the board of the Natural Resources Defense Council NRDC which is a national policy and advocacy environmental organization and I had no environmental background at that point in time but I did have an unrecognised passion and I think passion for a board member is a critical component that board just for all of you is about 40 members 25 attend the meetings and six to eight do most of the work so it's not that different from some of the things bill talked about and I headed a committee they're looking at institutional strategies I was really brought on the board because there were few business voices on that board and they felt that they needed a different perspective and John spoke a bit earlier about perspective and it was through that that I began building knowledge around the issues of of the environment in 1996 I went on the board of the Golden Gate National Park Association which is a local board involved with support for the GGN ra there about 30 board members there attend do most of that work I've been involved there in strategic planning and in 1999 enjoyed the board of Conservation International which is an international group that is working to protect the Earth's biodiversity I've been involved with long range planning there there about 40 board members 20 attend 10 do most of the work so through my experience I've found that I wanted to give you a little background about where I've where I've been and the work I've done has mostly been institutional in nature and organizational and planning and focus in terms of board governance I guess I'd just like to start out by saying that good good governance starts with great people and in the end if you have great people on your board it's a pretty obvious thing and those great people need to be harnessed their energy needs to be marshaled but if you start out with the right raw material and you can motivate that raw material through leadership I think you're gonna have a great board it could be – mentioned her three C's I have I guess six six E's that that make up the personal qualities that I think are necessary for a board member and many of these are obvious and they're true for nonprofit boards as well as business supports ethical board member must be ethical they must be energetic they must be endowed well doesn't have they don't have to be but that's certainly a benefit to the organization they must be empathetic and there's a big difference between a non-profit board and a for-profit board and the way that the board members relate to the institution I think that I was reading an article about the sort of the ineffectiveness of business leaders when they serve on nonprofit boards and I think it's very important to distinguish between the the way that you approach a non-profit board and the way that you approach a for-profit board because the people working at the at the not-for-profit board are there for very different reasons generally than the ones that are at the for-profit board and the two last E's our effectiveness and expertise and I really feel business experience is a very important quality and John talked about the understanding of continual change and certainly in the world we live in today all organizations need to continually reflect and and look at themselves and how how they can change to make themselves better concerning board governance I really see that there are sort of soft issues and they're hard issues and the soft issues involve the feel and style of the board bill talked a little bit about the size and the makeup and there's no right size but I think that the board has to reflect the chairman the chairman has to be a strong leader of that board and the executive director or president of that institution and the the communication and the style and how those two people work together has the potential to have enormous impact on how that board how that board is governed those two people together with the with the nominating committee really shaped the board and again John spoke about the grid that everybody that it's important to look at diversity of background and perspective as you're putting a board together boards can communicate in many different kinds of ways they can communicate either formally or in a very open fashion I find the most effective boards are the ones where there's good discussion at the board and not just a series of present one presentation after another if you're going in to listen to presentations you can really do that today on email or any other number of other ways to communicate but with the with the executive director and what the chairman of the board need to do is is marshal the talent of that board to gain a perspective on a critical issue that that that institution is is laboring over and I think in the end there's two qualities there that are you just can't have you can't go without our courage and empathy and again that sensitivity to the nonprofit world that I talked about but again as bill mentioned which is really true a few great people can make a huge difference on a board without those few great people the board will really not be effective and ultimately I think the institution will flounder there are other hard issues concerning board governance and many of these issues are the same issues and footing in the not-for-profit world that are faced that we're facing today in the for-profit world we're not that far away from the enactment of the sarbanes-oxley Act I hate to bring that up and group but those kinds of reforms are going to be coming down the pike in the in the not-for-profit world as well and it's interesting because of all the boards I've sat on we've had finance committees where we've looked at how we're going to invest the money and we've looked at the budget but we've never had audit committees and I think that from my perspective having an audit committee having a control perspective on the board both in terms of skills as a board member but also in terms of the way that the board looks at at their duties their fiduciary duties to the to the stakeholders in that institution having an audit committee I think today is something you really can't can't do without and having the skills of understanding a county and control are much much more important today than I think they have ever been in the past because of the visibility that nonprofit boards have in terms of committee structure in terms of sarbanes-oxley and some of the ramifications of that I think internal controls code of ethics you know it really should go without saying that the people that are working for an institution or ethical but I think unfortunately we've seen with various different scandals that there are times when when even nonprofit boards lack a level of ethics that uh that they should have and so I think we will ultimately be forced to institute codes of ethics Institute certification of the financial reports and ultimately I think there are aspects of the sarbanes-oxley that will add to good governance as long as you don't as long as these institutions don't sort of get clobbered by bureaucracies so we've got to balance the you know bureaucracy and processes with creativity and passion and certainly on that that is I feel the same way about a for-profit board that I do a not-for-profit board and if you don't have a good balance I think we're that institution will ultimately be in trouble but in the end it's about people it's about great leadership it's about leadership with the executive director and it's about leadership with the chairman of the board that really goes about building the to reflect the institution

What is Good Governance?

when a group is too large for everyone to be involved in decision-making it creates an entity to facilitate the process in an association that entity is the board of directors members delegate the bulk of decision-making to the board who then delegate the implementation of those decisions to staff governance is the rules and practices by which the Board of Directors ensures accountability fairness and transparency in its decision making good governance is a robust and reliable system for making confident and timely decisions good governance gives members confidence in the decision making process and leads to better decisions it builds trust and respect between members and elected leaders and it ensures ethical decision making governance determines who has a voice in making decisions how those decisions are made and who is accountable the rules for governing are defined in the associations bylaws and other governance documents ultimately however it's the norms and actions of the association's leaders that determine the effectiveness of governance here are some of the most important characteristics of good governance associations have an obligation to communicate explain an answer to members for the consequences of the decisions they made members should be able to follow and understand the decision making process including how and why a decision was made board decisions should be consistent with relevant legislation common law and the association's letters patent boards make decisions based on what is best for the membership which requires that they solicit and listen to their needs associations should implement decisions and follow processes that make the best use of available resources while mitigating risks the rules and practices by which the board of directors operates determines its governance good governance ensures accountability fairness and transparency as the Association works to fulfill its mandate