“Politics” (book 1, ch.12) by Aristotle (audiobook sample)


Since household management has three divisions, one the relation of master to slave, of which we have spoken before, one the paternal relation, and the third the conjugal (because rule over wife and children, over both as over freemen, yet not with the same mode of government, but over the wife to exercise republican government and over the children monarchical For the male is by nature better fitted to command than the female (except in some cases where their union has been formed contrary to nature) and the older and fully developed person than the younger and immature. It is true that in most cases of republican government the ruler and the ruled interchange in turn (for they tend to be on in equal level in their nature and to have no difference at all) although nevertheless during the period when one is ruler and the other ruled they seek to have a distinction by means of insignia and titles and honors, just as Amasis made his speech about the foot-bath; But the male stands in this relationship to the female continuously. Rule over the children on the other hand is that of a king; for the parent is the ruler in virtue both of affection and of seniority, which is characteristic of royal government; and therefore Homer finely designated Zeus, saying “father of men and gods” as the king of them all. For though in nature the king must be different, in race he should be the same as his subjects, such as the relation of the elder to the younger and of the father in relation to the child.

Elizabeth Warren lays out how Bernie Sanders’ campaign has changed the Democratic Party


Okay. What impact do you think that Bernie
Sanders has had on the Democratic Party? Oh, he’s put forward the arguments about what
it means to be a Democrat. I mean, just watch what the Democratic debates
have been about and how they have drawn the contrast with the Republicans. So what have
the Democrats debated? “Should the minimum wage be $12 an hour or
$15 an hour?” But all Democrats are saying that we need to raise the minimum wage and
we need to make it a living wage. “Should we have free college or debt-free
college?” But all Democrats are saying we need to reduce the cost of education for our
young people. “What’s the best way to rein in the excesses
of Wall Street? Is it dealing with the non-bank financial institutions or breaking up the
big banks?” But all Democrats agree we need better control over Wall Street. These are the kinds of debates we have had
because we’ve had two candidates in there fighting hard and it has truly shown the gulf
with the other side. You know, while Republicans have been saying
over and over and over, “Less financial regulation,” over and over and over, they don’t care about
the minimum wage, over and over and over, that they’re not there to help students. I
mean, I’ve been in the Senate now for three and a half years and I’ve watched the Republicans
vote against refinancing student loans, vote against raising the minimum wage, vote in
favor whenever they could to poke holes in financial regulations, and let the biggest
financial institutions in this country run wild again. So I think that what Bernie has done and this
whole Bernie and Hillary process has been to really draw the distinction between what
it means to be a Democrat and what the Democrats and what the Republicans are out there standing
for, and I’ve got to say: I’m proud to be a Democrat.

Tory leadership latest news Rory Stewarts faces scrutiny over mysterious past Politics News E


Tory leadership latest news Rory Stewarts faces scrutiny over mysterious past Politics News E A Whitehall source told The Daily Telegraph , whose father was second in command for MI6 for five years, was recruited after his time studying at Oxford University. The source went on to say he spent seven years as a spy before entering politics. A 2010 article in the New Yorker by Ian Parker claimed Mr Stewart worked as a spy during his time as a British diplomat in Indonesia and then in Montenegro. Mr Stewart”s diplomat career saw him work on issues related to East Timor independence while based in the British Embassy in Jakarta before becoming British Representative to Montenegro during the Kosovo campaign at the end of the 1990s. The source claims the International Development Secretary was put on a “fast track” to join the service but was never regarded as a high flier whilst in the role. Mr Parker wrote it would be “frustrating” for him if he was “under a legal and moral obligation to mislead”. Mr Stewart has long denied the reports but did acknowledge his father”s career and his own progression would give the impression he worked in intelligence and did admit the Official Secrets Act meant: “Even if you found someone who was an intelligence officer, they wouldn”t tell you they were an intelligence officer.” READ MORE: Mr Parker has claimed Mr Stewart said he could allude to a past in intelligence. The magazine also cited a blog which claimed Mr Stewart was a spy in Afghanistan after he moved to Kabul for three years whilst working for the Turquoise Mountain Foundation, an NGO set up by the Prince of Wales and then Afghan President Hamid Karzai. Seven MPs who backed Matt Hancock before have backed Mr Stewart, including Cabinet Office Minister David Lidington. Mr Stewart may currently have the lowest backing from MPs meaning he could be eliminated from the leadership race but he is said to be optimistic he can overtake Sajid Javid and Dominic Raab, he needs 33 votes to make the third ballot providing he does not finish last. Some Tory figures fear the spin Labour could take from Mr Stewart joining in the final two, down to a ballot of party members, with Mr Javid saying: “People don”t want to see an Oxford Union debate. They want to see two candidates who both represent change.” Both men attended Eton and went to Balliol College at Oxford. One MP said: “I”m a proud member of the old Etonian trade union but even I think that would be difficult. “There will be questions like “Do we think it”s right that we have so many people from Eton?” “I think it would be a problem. We”ve only just recovered from Dave The previous Conservative leader and Prime Minister David Cameron also attended Eton and then Oxford”s Brasenose College .”

Conservative George Will: Tea Party NOW IS Republican Party


Before we take a break, I want to quickly
discuss the story of George Will. George Will wrote, of course the conservative journalist
and author, wrote… or, rather, said that the Tea Party is basically the establishment
today. And we actually have video of him saying this
to Christiane Amanpour. And it’s interesting, because for so long, we still continue to
hear, ideally, a distinction made between the Republican Party and the Tea Party, and
here is George Will himself saying it is the Republican Party. George Will: … is no Republican establishment.
Its newspaper died, the “Herald Tribune” in New York, in 1966, and it died… Christiane Amanpour: But it’s– they keep
raising their voice, though. Will: It died… look, Google “the Republican
establishment”, you’ll get 20 million hits. Google the Loch Ness Monster, you’ll get a
whole bunch. It’s dead or never existed. Amanpour: Yeah, but there is a Tea Party,
and many say that they are outside the establishment. Maybe not? Will: They are… they are the establishment
today. David: So there’s George Will saying the Tea
Party is the establishment today, which is interesting, because for so long before the
2010 election, all we heard was how the Tea Party are outsiders, the Tea Party is grassroots,
even though we knew all along it was astroturf. And what did we say right after the 2010 election?
The Tea Party is going to be the Republican Party by the next election, or they will disappear
altogether. And case in point, as we talked about, CNN
partnering with the Tea Party for a debate, and the complete lack of basically traditional
conservatism. Some people will say it’s actually Ron Paul, but as we’ve already discussed,
in many ways, it’s not. Do you agree, Louis, that the Tea Party is now the Republican establishment
default? Louis: I mean, they’re like the embodiment
of what most of the angry Republicans are concerned about now, right? David: Certainly it’s one of the loudest voices,
yeah. Louis: But have they completely replaced the
Republican Party? David: It’s not so much have they replaced
them… Louis: I mean… I mean, it’s not like there
aren’t Republicans out there who claim to be Republicans, who claim to be conservative,
but do not want to have anything to do with the Tea Party. David: That’s not what it is, it’s different.
It’s more that if you are a Republican in the House, for example, now, if you don’t
agree or are vocal about the issues that the Tea Party is vocal about, you… Louis: You’re a non-factor? David: You appear to be somewhat of an outsider.
I think that’s the best way to look at this. It’s not so much that you either have to or
don’t have to identify as part of the Tea Party. I think that that’s what it is. I think
it’s that the most identifiable and loud issues that are being dealt with on the Republican
side are Tea Party-driven issues, and if you’re not involved in those issues, you appear to
be a little bit outside of the mainstream Republican ideal. Louis: Right. But it still falls under the
whole Republican bubble, right? David: Yeah, they still have an R next to
their name, yeah. But I think I agree with George Will, which is not something I’ve said
very often. Let’s take a break. Make sure to get the show
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Democratic Party dismisses lawsuit against Volusia County Department of Elections


CLAIRE, YOU SPOKE WITH
SUPERVISOR LISA LEWIS? CLAIRE: THE SUPERVISOR DID NOT
CONSIDER THE PROVISIONAL BALLOT
LIST PUBLIC RECORD. THE DEMOCRATIC PARTY MADE THE
REQUEST WEDNESDAY OVER CONCERNS
SOME VOTERS COULD BE
DISENFRANCHISED. THEY CITED THE 21,000 VOTES THAT
AT T TIME, WEDNESDAY,
SEPARATED THE SENATE CANDIDATES. VOLUSIA COUNTY SUPERVISOR OF
ELECTIONS LISA LEWIS DENIED THE
PARTY’S REQUEST FOR TH
PROVISIONAL BALLOT LIST
THURSDAY, THEN THIS MORNING THE
PARTY FILED THE LAWSUIT. BUT HOURS LATER LEWIS RELEASED
THE LIST TO THE STATE DEMOCRATIC
PARTY. 377 PROVISIONAL BALLOTS WERE
CAST IN VOLUSIA COUNTY
188 ACCEPTED. THE DEMOCRATIC PARTY PRESUMABLY
WANTS THIS LIST TO CONTACT EVERY
PERSON WHO VOTED PROVISIONALLY
TO ENSURE ALL BALLOTS TH
SHOULD BE COUNTED ARE. LEWIS SAID SHE ORIGINALLY DENIED
THE REQUEST OVER PRIVACY
CONCERNS, BUT SAID IF THERE IS
ONLY ONE PROVISIONAL VOTER IN A
PRECINCT, BECAUSE PROVISIONAL
VOTERS ARE TABULATED IN SEPARATE COLUMN, HER CONCERN WAS
THAT VOTER WOULD BE IDENTIFIED
AND IDENTITY REVEALED.>>I DO FEEL LIKE THAT IS A
VOTER’S RIGHT TO A SECRET
BALLOT, AND I DID NOT FEEL LIKE
IT SHOULD HAVE BEEN RELEASED. I STILL DON’T. STEWART: HOWEVER SUPERVISOR
LEWIS ADMITS, THE NAMES ON
PROVISIONAL BALLOTS WERE READ
ALOUD BEFORE THE CANVASSIN
BOARD WHICH IS OPEN TO THE
PUBLIC, SO SHE TURNED OVER THE LIST TO STATE DEMOCRATS BEFORE
THE PLANNED COURT HEARING. ACCORDING TO DETAILS IN THE
LAWSUIT, THE DEMOCRATIC PARTY
MADE THIS SAME REQUEST TO
ELECTIONS DEPARTMENTS IN ALL
FLORIDA COUNTIES. MOST OF THEM COMPLIED

10 Companies That Secretly Control The World


ten companies that secretly control the
world number ten Nestle most of the products that you buy are owned by
surprisingly small number of monopolistic companies take Nestle for
example they own over 8500 different brands in 80 countries they start off of
the kind of brands you’d expect arrow KitKat Milky Bar etc but then there are
some products that you probably never imagined would be owned by the chocolate
giant such as shredded wheat Gerber baby foods hot pockets and Purina pet food
they also an approximately 23% of cosmetic powerhouse L’Oreal which cell
phones huge brands Garnier Maybelline and The Body Shop and Nestle isn’t the
only food company whose Reach is greater than you think
Kellogg’s owns big brands eggo Pringles and cheese it Pepsi Co owns Quaker
Oatmeal Cheetos and Tropicana and crafts acquisitions range from Oreos to
Vegemite and Cadbury to daringly so how have Nestle used their massive clouds
well as it turns out not always for good in 2013 the company was accused of
depriving locals of water in a small Pakistani community by repurposing the
local well for their bottled water production company Pure Life number nine
Lockheed Martin with global military expenditures standing at over 1.7
trillion dollars every year it’s no surprise that companies producing and
supplying weapons exert a huge amount of power over world events Lockheed Martin
is the world’s largest weapons manufacturer they employ 126 thousand
people and rake in 69 point three billion dollars a year in profit
national militaries around the world rely on Lockheed for example it’s the
USA’s largest government contractor receiving 10% of the Pentagon’s funds
they also supply weapons to Germany India Israel Japan the UK and numerous
other countries showing the wide-reaching extent of their influence
over worldwide conflicts however Lockheed Martin’s control has spread
beyond even this they spend a great deal of money on lobbying especially in
America investing approximately 10 million dollars a year into this they
tend to offer their financial support to political candidates who advocate higher
national defense spending in order to ensure more investments in their own
products clever number eights quanta Computer Inc Mac
versus PC it’s been one of the biggest rivalries
of the technological age when buying a laptop a lot of people have strong
loyalties to one or the other and it’s a battle that shows no signs
have died down anytime soon but at the end of the day doesn’t really matter
max Dells HP Sony’s Toshiba x’ all these laptops come from the same manufacturer
quanta Computer Inc quanta is a taiwan-based manufacturer of notebook
computers and other electronic hardware which was founded in 1988 the company
has an estimated 31 percent worldwide market share of notebook computers with
approximately 70% of adults in the Western world
owning a laptop this equates to a simply gigantic reach for quanta it has also
grown beyond laptop production and now has fingers in many technological ties
quanta has influence in mobile communication GPS systems and home
entertainment in 2011 they even collaborated with Facebook as part of
the Oakland compute project which aimed to create more efficient servers storage
and data center hardware designs number seven in bed it’s no secret that alcohol
plays a big role in society 56 percent of American adults questioned in a 2015
national survey admitted to drinking in the past month an estimated eighty eight
thousand people die from alcohol-related causes every year an excessive drinking
cost the health services staggering two hundred and twenty three point five
billion dollars a year with such a variety of temples available you would
expect the responsibility for alcohol consumption to fall into a large number
of different companies but there is actually only one company who has a huge
monopoly of the beer industry InBev it owns 46 percent of the beer markets in
America and as a net profit of 3.4 billion dollars a year in fact most of
the beers you can buy from a store belong to the in that beer Empire
including Stella Artois Budweiser X and Corona InBev also have majority states
and other huge companies such as grupo modelo which makes most of the base in
Mexico basically whenever you’re treating
yourself to a beer or two there’s a very strong likelihood that your money will
at some point end up in embarrass pocket number six Pfizer the industry for
painkillers antibiotics and vitamin supplements is currently booming with
experts estimating that the global farmer market will reach one point one
two trillion dollars by 2022 this basically puts a large portion of
the world’s population under the thumb of the planets big pharmaceutical
companies such as Pfizer Pfizer is an American
is global pharmaceutical corporation making forty billion dollars in profit
every year it’s the largest research based drug maker in the world with less
products marketed in more than 150 countries the company therefore has a
lot of control over millions of people’s were beings a responsibility that they
had a questionably in 2016 the drug giant was fired over 100 million dollars
for illegally hiking up the price of an anti epilepsy drug by two thousand six
hundred percent overnight this directly affected how much the UK’s National
Health Service had to pay and strip fifty thousand people of potentially
life-saving medication the production of prescription drugs is the company’s
primary source of revenue but Pfizer’s worldwide control doesn’t stop there
they have behind numerous well-known healthcare products such as Listerine
and sudafed as well as being a massively influential
player in the animal health industry number five Pierson Pierson is one of
the biggest publishers of educational material in the world despite being
based in London 60% of its sales go to the states and it operates in more than
70 countries the company owns numerous educational publishing giants for
example Penguin Harcourt and prentice hall its influence over the American
education system is so great that theoretically you could be taking
Pierson designed test from kindergarten through to eighth grade you could study
a piece and design curriculum using Pierce and publish textbooks and be
taught by teachers certified by Pearson tests and with such a monopoly of the
education sector Pearson has been able to hike up prices without anyone really
able to stop them over the last few decades the cost of textbooks has
arguably increased more than any other aspects of education yes even more than
college tuition according to The Huffington Post textbook prices have
increased a whopping eight hundred and twelve percent in the last 30 years
allegedly because of the reduced competition brought about by Pearson’s
monopoly number four ICBC bankers are ultimately responsible for stabilizing
the economy which ripples through every aspect of our lives their power
influences everything from the big scale decisions of governments to the prices
of individual food items in your weekly grocery shop
if you combine the wealth of the world’s 10 largest banks you’d have twenty five
point one trillion dollars which would be enough to fund the entire US
government for over seven years the Industrial and Commercial Bank of China
the state-owned Banking Goliath is undoubtedly the most powerful bank on
the planet it has over three trillion dollars in assets and
market value of 215 point six billion dollars media reign supreme at the top
of Forbes as well as biggest public companies list and the bank’s influence
isn’t limited to China I CBC has a foothold in every continent except
Antarctica employing nearly half a million people globally and they have
also extended their control by turning other major banks into ICBC subsidiaries
for example Turkey’s textile bank and South Africa’s Standard Bank number
three Monsanto Monsanto the American giant
specializing in agricultural biotechnology is estimated to be worth a
huge sixty five billion dollars Monsanto has a near total control over the
American seed market for example they trademark nearly 80 percent of the corn
grown in the country this may not sound like the most influential monopoly in
the world the corn is actually an integral ingredient in a surprising
number of products corn corn syrup and corn starch show up in gas glue makeup
soap toothpaste aspirin diapers and even the humble house brick despite its
impressively diverse market influence Monsanto has established a troubling
reputation it was described by modern farmer magazine as the face of corporate
evil this is in part due to his controversial use of GM crops but also
largely the result of their ruthless treatment of competitors in the 90s
rumours are most at the company had produced so-called Terminator seeds
designed to sterilize the plots of anyone who tried to pay to Monsanto
seeds gathered from neighboring farms number two Disney over the years the
Walt Disney Company has acquired a few high-profile media production companies
most notably during the purchase of Marvel Entertainment in 2009 and
Lucasfilm in 2012 both of which cost over four billion dollars more than half
of the highest-grossing movies in the last decade were owned by the company
which shows how tight their grip over the film world is and while Disney a
best known for their billion dollar grossing movies and the world-famous
theme parks the mass media giants reach doesn’t stop there
Disney also owns or partly owns loads of other companies they own TV networks ABC
ESPN and even the History Channel with the media playing an incomparable role
when it comes to public sentiment and knowledge Disney’s vast empires makes
them one of the most powerful companies in the world number one alphabet Inc
unsurprisingly Google regularly tops Forbes list of the most valuable brands
in the world with the reported revenue of fifty point six
billion dollars in 2016 over 40,000 search queries are made on Google every
single second and YouTube has a reach of well over a billion users almost a third
of all people on the insects with it’s algorithms determining what we see
online and what information we have access to the control it exerts over our
daily lives is arguably unmatched by any other company but did you know that
Google is actually owned by another lesser-known company relative new kid on
the block alphabet Inc alphabet Inc was founded in 2015 by Larry Page and Sergey
Brin the two founders of Google so in a nutshell Google has spun off from Google
and renamed itself alphabet which now in school the point of alphabet Inc as a
new umbrella company is to separate Google’s core internet businesses from
some of its more ambitious diverse projects so the services we all know and
love is part of Google YouTube chrome Android and Google Maps I’m not going to
be put at risk by the company’s new ventures such ventures include research
gun the X lab which is developing driverless cars and the Coleco life
extension project so that was 10 companies that secretly control the
world did you know about the full extent of these business superpowers already or
did any surprise you let us know in the comments below and if you enjoyed this
make sure you check out 10 shocking secrets about Apple as well and give us
a like and subscribe while you’re at it ten shocking secrets about Apple number
10 Apple secret police Apple has a
reputation as one of the most secretive companies in the world but do you know
how far the Tetrarch go in order to protect the privacy of its upcoming
projects well allow me to introduce the worldwide loyalty team
animals very own secret police