News Wrap: U.S. employers added fewer jobs than expected in August


JUDY WOODRUFF: In the day’s other news: U.S.
businesses slowed their hiring in August amid global economic weakness and the tariff war
with China. The Labor Department reports employers added
a net of 130,000 jobs, fewer than expected. That total included 25,000 temporary workers
hired for the 2020 U.S. census. The unemployment rate held steady at 3.7 percent,
even as more people started looking for work. The chairman of the Federal Reserve, Jerome
Powell, is playing down the risk of recession. He spoke at a conference in Switzerland today,
and gave an upbeat view of what lies ahead, despite some uncertainty. JEROME POWELL, Federal Reserve Chairman: Our
main expectation is not at all that there’ll be a recession. I did mention, though, that there are these
risks. And we’re monitoring them very carefully and
we’re conducting policy in a way that will address them. But, no, I wouldn’t see a recession as the
most likely outcome for the United States or for the world economy, for that matter. JUDY WOODRUFF: The Fed cut short-term interest
rates in July, and is widely expected to do so again this month. The Taliban staged another fatal assault in
Afghanistan today amid growing questions about a potential peace deal. The attack killed two people in the Western
province of Farah, and fighting continued in the city hours later. Meanwhile, Afghan President Ashraf Ghani postponed
a trip to Washington next week. His government says that a potential U.S.
agreement with the Taliban could lead to all-out civil war. In Hong Kong, some 2,000 pro-democracy protesters
surrounded a police station and subway stop in new confrontations with police. Officers answered with rubber bullets, tear
gas and pepper spray, and the demonstrators used umbrellas to shield themselves. They also rejected promises to kill a much-criticized
extradition law. JOHN CHAN, Student (through translator): The
government is one that doesn’t listen to the voice of the people. It doesn’t have a mandate from the people. All it listens to is the central people’s
government. This is an issue that, during the last two
to three months, everyone has been able to see really clearly. Our government is not working for us. JUDY WOODRUFF: The protesters are now calling
for an investigation of alleged police brutality and for direct elections of city leaders. The one-time strongman president of Zimbabwe,
Robert Mugabe has died. He led the African nation’s black majority
to power in 1980 and he ruled for 37 years, before being driven from office. JUDY WOODRUFF: Robert Mugabe was 95 years
old. Mexico now says the number of migrants arriving
at its border to cross into the United States has fallen more than 50 percent in the last
three months. The foreign minister announced today that
some 64,000 people were stopped from crossing in August. That’s down from more than 144,000 who crossed
in May. Mexico deployed thousands of troops and police
to slow the flow of migrants, after President Trump threatened tariffs. Back in this country, the Trump administration
opened a legal assault today on California and four automakers over emissions standards. The U.S. Justice Department notified Ford,
Honda, Volkswagen and BMW that they are being investigated for possible antitrust violations. In July, the companies adopted California’s
emissions standards, which are tougher than those the administration favors. And on Wall Street, the Dow Jones industrial
average gained 69 points to close at 26797. The Nasdaq fell 13 points and the S&P 500
added two. Still to come on the “NewsHour”: the psychological
trauma of separating children from their families at the border; Mark Shields and David Brooks
break down the week’s news, including funding decisions for the border wall and Democrats’
plans to address climate change; inside the new wing of the Kennedy Center for the Performing
Arts; and much more.

News Wrap: Italy’s far-right party shut out from power


JUDY WOODRUFF: In the day’s other news: Tropical
Storm Fernand has come ashore in Northeastern Mexico, and is now moving inland. It struck a sparsely populated area north
of La Pesca today with winds of 40 miles an hour and 18 inches of rain. Forecasters said that it will stay south of
the Texas border and dissipate by tomorrow. In Britain, lawmakers have dealt Prime Minister
Boris Johnson a stinging blow over Brexit. The House of Commons voted today to block
the country from leaving the European Union without a formal agreement. In turn, Johnson is warning that he will call
a snap election for mid-October, two weeks before the Brexit deadline. We will have a report from London right after
the news summary. In Italy, Premier Giuseppe Conte unveiled
a new governing coalition that shuts the hard-right League Party out of power. Conte met with the Italian president to present
his cabinet. It unites his populist Five Star Movement
with the center-left Democratic Party. Conte’s original coalition collapsed when
the League Party withdrew, in a failed bid to force new elections. The government of Afghanistan voiced new concerns
today about a potential peace deal between the U.S. and the Taliban. An adviser to President Ashraf Ghani cautioned
against withdrawing U.S. troops too quickly, with the insurgent Taliban at its strongest
since the 2001 U.S. invasion. But, in Brussels, the NATO secretary-general
tried to allay fears of a hasty pullout. JENS STOLTENBERG, NATO Secretary-General:
We will not leave too early, but our aim is not to stay in Afghanistan forever. Our aim is to make sure that Afghanistan never
again creates the platform for threats, for planning, for organizing, for funding terrorist
attacks against our countries. JUDY WOODRUFF: NATO has about a 20,000 troops
in Afghanistan, including some 14,000 Americans. The draft peace agreement calls for 5,000
of those U.S. troops to leave shortly after a final deal. Back in this country, a government watchdog
says migrant children separated from their parents last year have shown post-traumatic
stress and other mental health issues. They included heightened fear and feelings
of abandonment. The report comes from the inspector general
at the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. It is based on interviews with about 100 mental
health clinicians who dealt with the affected children. The Pentagon has diverted $3.6 billion away
from military construction funds to build 175 miles of a wall on the U.S. southern border. The move effectively de-funds a total of 127
projects, including some military schools and day care. Defense Secretary Mark Esper announced it
late Tuesday, and President Trump said today that it’s part of his declaration of a national
emergency along the border. DONALD TRUMP, President of the United States:
The secretary of defense spoke with members of Congress and explained it to them. And I think he felt very good about it. He feels it’s a national security problem. I do too. It is. When you have thousands of people trying to
rush our country, I think that’s national security. JUDY WOODRUFF: A number of congressional Democrats
condemned the funding shift. Texas Congressman Bill Flores today became
the latest Republican to announce he’s retiring from the U.S. House of Representatives. Flores is in his fifth term, and is now the
15th GOP Congress member not seeking reelection and the fifth from the state of Texas. That is ahead of the pace at this point in
the 2018 election cycle, when a total of 34 House Republicans retired. Michigan will be the first state in the nation
to ban sales of flavored nicotine vaping products. Democratic Governor Gretchen Whitmer ordered
the move today. She said e-cigarette makers are using candy
flavors and misleading ads to, in her words, hook children on nicotine. YouTube has agreed to pay $170 million over
charges that it collected personal data on children without parental consent. The Federal Trade Commission and New York
state say that the company used the data to target kids with advertising. Under the settlement, YouTube also agrees
to limit its data collection. And on Wall Street, gains in technology stocks
fueled a rally. The Dow Jones industrial average gained 237
points to close at 26355. The Nasdaq rose 102 points, and the S&P 500
added 31. Still to come on the “NewsHour”: blocking
Brexit — British lawmakers defy their prime minister to stop an abrupt break from the
European Union; protests turn to policy in Hong Kong, as a controversial extradition
bill is withdrawn; how the Amazon rain forests bear the brunt of Brazil’s booming agriculture
business; and much more.