Pulitzer Prize-winning Cartoonist David Horsey Speaks on Political Cartoons


David Horsey: I’m David Horsey. I’m the political
cartoonist and columnist for the Los Angeles Times and I’m here in Kyiv, Ukraine to help
open a new exhibit, American Political Cartoons, both historic ones and cartoons of my own.
We’re here at the Arsenal Gallery – which is a big, beautiful art exhibition space in
Kyiv – and we’re in the small gallery, and this is where all of the cartoons appear. In this room are cartoons from the entire
of history of the United States, starting with what is regarded as the first political
cartoon ever done in the United States by the famous American publisher and statesman,
Ben Franklin. He did this cartoon labeled “Join or Die”, which was a call for the colonies
in America to unite to fight for their independence against Great Britain. And so that, we begin
with that and continues around the walls. This cartoon is the one that really was the
genesis of the donkey as the symbol of the Democratic Party in the United States. It
was actually a negative symbol with President Andrew Jackson riding this donkey, I’m sure
he referred to it as a jackass and it was meant to be disparaging. But Jackson just
decided to just take hold of that symbol and make it his own. So ever since then, the donkey
has been the symbol of the Democratic Party. Thomas Nast, who was a German immigrant, was
probably the godfather of all American political cartoonists. Among the many symbols he created,
that we still use today, is the elephant to represent the Republican Party. Early in the republic, Uncle Sam became the
symbol of the country in cartoons, both in America and around the world. This is probably
the most famous version of Uncle Sam in a recruiting poster for the army in World War
I. Uncle Sam has been used in very positive ways and very negative ways. During the Cold
War, Russian cartoonists loved to use Uncle Sam as a negative figure, carrying missiles
and ready to blow up the world. I have the honor of having been picked by
the State Department as the modern American cartoonist to represent my form of artistic
journalism to the people here in Kyiv. And if you come to this exhibit, you’ll see that
many of the symbols that started out in the 19th century in cartoons are carried out today.
Here’s Uncle Sam again and also the Statue of Liberty, which is another popular symbol
that cartoonists use to represent the United States. Usually they’re employed in different
ways, usually if it’s the Statue of Liberty, they’re saying something positive. Uncle Sam
ends up in all sorts of situations. The Statue of Liberty is in this cartoon,
talking about the new freedoms in the Middle East and how they might be limited by people
who aren’t so excited about the idea of freedom. On this wall, there are a lot of cartoons
looking at the struggle the United States has had over the last 10 years since the 9/11
attacks. This cartoon, which also features Uncle Sam again, looks at how that one day
changed the United States from the peaceful, happy place to one that was suddenly on alert. Barack Obama here, the fellow who has inherited
or adopted the Afghan War. President Bush holding his baby, the Iraq War. And here once
again the Republican elephant and the Democratic donkey trying to put out the fire on the stove
that’s labeled Iraq. One part of this exhibit is cartoons that
I did during the Cold War era. Of course, it wouldn’t be complete without having one
of my drawings of the bear that I used to represent the Soviet Union. Just as Soviet
cartoonists used Uncle Sam a lot, American cartoonists used bears; bears, bears everywhere. Some of the cartoons, though, really look
more closely at the end of the Cold War and the changes in the Soviet Union, the break-up
of the Soviet Union, the new economic system and the struggles that people went through
in all the former Soviet Republics. Of course, my preoccupation now as an American
political cartoonist is the presidential election that is in full swing in the United States.
So, I have plenty of cartoons dealing with that; cartoons about Mitt Romney and Barack
Obama and just touching on the ins and outs, the craziness, and the debates that are going
on in the United States as we choose another president. We’ve got quite a few cartoons here about
the contemporary political scene in the United States; the battles in Congress between President
Obama and the Republicans, the national party conventions, the primaries, as well as looking
back at a few of the earlier elections, especially the one between George Bush and Al Gore that
ended in a very split decision. As well as looking at President Clinton, who was a great
subject for cartoons. The reality of political cartoons and of political
satire is that it is, basically, a negative sort of art: you’re always poking fun at a
politician or just being critical of some legislation or of some event that gets the
cartoonists blood flowing. But once in a while, I actually manage to do a cartoon that’s positive
and this is one of those and this has really become the theme of this exhibit. It’s one
I did reflecting on the United States Constitution and the first three words of that document,
“We the People.” And it’s feeding the tree of liberty in the United States and the little
boy is saying “Wow, what a tree!” and his dad says, “It’s the roots, son.” So this is
really the heart, not only of this exhibit, it’s the heart of what America is and it’s
kind of the reason I am able to do what I do. Without the protections of the Constitution,
I could end up in jail like a lot of cartoonists around the world. So this exhibit of American Political Cartoons
will be here in the small gallery at the Arsenal in Kyiv until October 23rd. I invite you to
come down and learn a little bit about the history of the United States through these
great historical cartoons and getting an idea about what contemporary American politics
is like from the display of my cartoons in the next gallery. Anyway, I think you would
enjoy it. I’ve certainly enjoyed being here in Kyiv and sharing my cartoons with everyone.

Cartoon predicts the future more than 60 years ago. This is amazing insight!



hi this is teryn Lupo with LCL report the friend of mine sent this cartoon along my way and it's amazing that it's 50 years old and it's so prophetic and just has a great warning in it that I think everybody should see today enjoy the flashback [Applause] America is many things to many people to a 17 year old kid it's the malt shop on the corner to Grandpa it's the front porch in the cool of the evening to mother and her family it's Church on Sunday morning and to death it's his favorite relaxation it's the Cracker Barrell philosophers in Feb three corners and it's the spoons in Wall Street it's all races creeds and religions it's freedom to work at the job you like freedom of speech and to be Sibley assembled freedom to own property security from unlawful search or seizure where's your one flat but the right to a speedy and public trial protection against cruel punishments and excessive fines the right to vote and to worship God in your own way it is these freedoms that have made America strong okay okay so we got our freedom but management law set up everything labor is at fault it's ruining the country my constituents as your elected representative I can assure you Labor's right management's right I'm strictly neutral labor management politicians phooey well they can't tell corn promotes folks is the answer to your problems doctor utopia sensational new discovery isn't in some with your in the ailment of the body politic it's terrific it's tremendous once you swallow the contents of this bottle you have the bountiful benefits of higher wages shorter hours end security enormous profits no strikes remember you're the big boss government control no worry about votes name your own salary bigger crops lower costs why ISM even makes the weather perfect every day and now then because we are introducing this amazing item for the first time in this country it isn't going to cost you one cent all you have to do is sign this little scrap of paper and you get your bottle absolutely free I hereby turn over to ISM incorporated everything I have including my freedom and the freedom of my children and my children's children in return for which said ISM promises to take care of me forever pardon me and who are you my good man I'm John Q public oh my fine friends you're just in time to share their generous and gigantic offer sign right here mind if I read it first your shirts on boys freedom freedom well sign away my freedom why this is ridiculous don't be corny brother sure our system of free enterprise isn't perfect but before we throw it away for some imported double-talk let's turn the clock back a few years to see what it's done for us for example back in the 1890s Joe Doakes was just a guy who liked to tiptoe around his barn some people thought Joe was lazy some even thought he was nuts but one day he had an idea and because he was free to dream his dream and tinker dough had a chance to make something of himself in his idea of course some people do you think so much of Joe's idea but that didn't stop so Joe got some money from young Aunt Minnie and uncle Angus and grandpappy and mr. Titus when Joe's friends and relatives use their savings to help him buy tools in poverty they were capitalist don't flush folks it's nothing to be ashamed of now naturally Joe needed some help so he hired Willie Lumpkin who was out of work anyway and before long will they had the know-how and became skilled labor because capital management and labor work together Joe's idea grew it grew when did things even he never dreamed of today the automobile industry provides millions of jobs that never existed before and remember this is a story of only one industry there are thousands more scattered all over the United States whose history of development is pretty much the same we've built a country under the American system that sends more young people a high school and college than all the rest the world combined why even in the depression our equations bought more food clothing travel and entertainment than the wages of any other people in the world our country as a national income equal to the total national income of any other six nation world with only 7% of the earth we try only percent of the world's automobiles that's just a sample of the things the capitalistic system has given us in only 160 years before signing up you boys ought to try a little taste of dr. isms formula to see what you get in exchange for your freedom oh yeah try it you can't do this to me I'll strike the state forbidden strikes we're over Union hears about this is the Union welcome to our ranks number 13 13 I'll take this case to the Supreme Court this date is the Supreme Court our decision is as follows no more private property no more you there the firemen put a stop to this farmers don't vote anymore what did I do for save next year you won't have to worry about next year the state will do your planning from now on we must fight to regain our freedom or everything is worth everything everything is fine everything is fine everything is fine everything is fine everything is when anybody preaches disunity tries to pick one of us against the other through class warfare race hatred or religious intolerance you know that person seeks to rob us of our freedom and destroy our very lives we know what to do about it and now that we know where it's please for fathers working together to produce an ever greater abundance of material and spiritual values for all that is the secret of American prosperity this cartoon is so clear and so insightful it's hard to believe it was fifty years ago I guess freedom was a lot more popular 50 years ago than it is today you know we bought into the snake oil salesman way too many times this Terran Lupo signing off good hunting

Why Do a Donkey and an Elephant Represent Democrats and Republicans?



hello I'm Simon Whistler you're watching the today I found our YouTube channel and in the video today we're looking at why do a donkey in an elephant represent Democrats and Republicans the donkey is stereotypically bumbling slow and stubborn the elephant big and clumsy being compared to one of these animals is not exactly flattering in this sense yet for well over a century they have been the popular symbols of America's major political parties the donkey for the Democrats and the elephant's for the Republicans so how did the donkey and the elephant enter into the political lexicon as one could imagine it all started out with an insult the 1828 presidential election between Republican not to be confused with the modern Republican Party which was formed a few decades later John Quincy Adams and Democrat Andrew Jackson is still considered one of the dirtiest campaigns ever run in American politics Jackson and his supporters called Adams corrupt spoiled and a libertine someone who lacked moral restraints usually in reference to sexual matters Adams supporters attacked Jackson's military record his violent temper his disrespect for authority and most unfairly his wife for marrying Jackson before she was properly divorced earlier Jackson killed a man for issuing this same insult they also called Jackson a jackass comparing him to a stubborn dumb donkey Jackson was famously known as a populist and his slogan let the people rule reinforce this Republicans claimed that if the people ruled it would be a bunch of jackasses ruling the country but Andrew Jackson the savvy politician he was turns the jackass into a positive symbol he pointed out the virtues of being a jackass in campaign addresses persistence loyalty and the ability to carry a heavy load it also symbolized humble origins and simplistic virtues and ode to the common man this helps Jackson further differentiate himself from the aristocratic Adams Jackson wanted to be the president of choice for everyday citizens he soon put the donkey on his campaign posters and referenced it in speeches Jackson continued to be associated with a donkey even after his presidency when an 1837 political cartoon depicted him attempting to lead a donkey who refused to follow this was to show that the Democratic Party the donkey would not be led by the previous president Jackson from here the donkey only made rare appearances as the symbol for the Democrats until later in the century the elephant as the Republican symbol now referring to the modern Republican Party first made an appearance during the 1864 presidential election in a pro Lincoln newspaper father Abraham really it was more political propaganda than newspaper though of course the same could be said for a large percentage of news outlets throughout history and even today when it comes to matters of politics father Abraham depicted an elephant carrying a banner and celebrating Union victories in the war at the time the well-known slang phrase seeing the elephant meant to engage in combat so how did these two animals go from here to popularly representing the Democrats and the Republicans this is thanks to famed political cartoonist Thomas Nast Nast started becoming famous at the onset of the civil war in 1861 he was working for Harper's Weekly at the time and illustrated over 55 engravings of battles and war scenes in December of 1862 at last debuted his version of Santa Claus the jolly old fat man in a red suit we now know today prior to Nast's depiction of st. Nick he was always shown as more of a religious figure and much less jolly do note here that Nast's legacy also includes popularizing the aid Lincoln look of Uncle Sam and popularizing Columbia the iconic image of America as a woman later in the political arena he called out boss tweeds political machine helped get Ulysses Grant elected president and brought to light the savagery of the Ku Klux Klan's campaigns against african-americans he also bears mentions popularized the donkey as the symbol for the Democrats and the elephants as the Republican symbol in a cartoon called a live jackass kicking a dead lion that ran in an 1870 issue of Harper's Weekly he used the donkey to represent the Copperhead Democrats a faction of northern Democrats that were in opposition to the Civil War in Ursa donkey is kicking a dead lion who was a stand-in for the recently deceased Secretary of War Edwin M Stanton last afford Copperhead Demick we're anti-union and believed the press's treatment of staunton was disrespectful in 1871 the Republican elephant made another appearance this time in a Nast cartoon in Harper's Weekly to remind Republicans that their intra-party fighting could cause them to lose the election but the 1874 cartoon entitled third term panic really solidified the symbolism for both animals ulysses s grant whom Nast was a supporter and good friend of had been president for two terms elected in 1868 and again in 1872 and was contemplating a run for a third term it wouldn't be until 1951 in the 22nd amendment that a term limit was placed on the presidency thanks in no small part to FDR's four term run the New York Herald very much opposed grants political run and wrote several articles complaining of Cesar ISM meaning military or imperial dictatorship in third term panic it shows a donkey wearing the skin of a lion with Cesar ISM emblazoned on it scaring off other animals including a wobbly unbalanced elephant labeled as the Republican boat about to fall into a pit labeled inflation and chaos though grant didn't end up running masks cartoon didn't do enough to prevent the herald Caesar ISM claims from working the Republicans ended up losing control of the house in the election and Nast showed his disappointment with another cartoon in November of that year an elephant caught in a trap that was set by a donkey thanks to Nast by 1880 the donkey and the elephants became the accepted symbols used by other political cartoonists and writers for the two political parties and the association has stuck around since and now for some bonus facts Thomas Nast was a functional illiterate he couldn't read or write which probably explained why he drew pictures and could connect with others so well through his drawings as his cartoons progressed they began to incorporate words which were written in by his editor or wife in fact when he first married he had his wife read to him while he drew later in life when he had more money he hired scholars to read him from science physics and history books as well as Shakespeare and Twain so really hope you found that video interesting if you did please do hit that like button below and don't forget to subscribe if you haven't already for brand new videos just like this seven days a week also over there on the a couple of other videos you might enjoy if you enjoyed this one and thank you for watching

Politicians Funny Act Caught LIVE in Camera – Politicians Fails Funny Moments Fighting Bloopers 2017



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