The Rise of Conservatism: Crash Course US History #41


Episode 41: Rise of Conservatism Hi, I’m John Green, this is CrashCourse
U.S. history and today we’re going to–Nixon?–we’re going to talk about the rise of conservatism.
So Alabama, where I went to high school, is a pretty conservative state and reliably sends
Republicans to Washington. Like, both of its Senators, Jeff Sessions and Richard Shelby,
are Republicans. But did you know that Richard Shelby used to be a Democrat, just like basically
all of Alabama’s Senators since reconstruction? And this shift from Democrat to Republican
throughout the South is the result of the rise in conservative politics in the 1960s
and 1970s that we are going to talk about today. And along the way, we get to put Richard
Nixon’s head in a jar. Stan just informed me that we don’t actually
get to put Richard Nixon’s head in a jar. It’s just a Futurama joke. And now I’m
sad. So, you’ll remember from our last episode
that we learned that not everyone in the 1960s was a psychedelic rock-listening, war-protesting
hippie. In fact, there was a strong undercurrent of conservative thinking that ran throughout
the 1960s, even among young people. And one aspect of this was the rise of free
market ideology and libertarianism. Like, since the 1950s, a majority of Americans had
broadly agreed that “free enterprise” was a good thing and should be encouraged
both in the U.S. and abroad. Mr. Green, Mr. Green, and also in deep space
where no man has gone before? No, MFTP. You’re thinking of the Starship
Enterprise, not free enterprise. And anyway, Me From The Past, have you ever
seen a more aggressively communist television program than “The Neutral Zone” from Star
Trek: The Next Generation’s first season? I don’t think so.
intro Alright so, in the 1950s a growing number
of libertarians argued that unregulated capitalism and individual autonomy were the essence of
American freedom. And although they were staunchly anti-communist, their real target was the
regulatory state that had been created by the New Deal. You know, social security, and
not being allowed to, you know, choose how many pigs you kill, etc.
Other conservatives weren’t libertarians at all but moral conservatives who were okay
with the rules that enforced traditional notions of family and morality. Even if that seemed
like, you know, an oppressive government. For them virtue was the essence of America.
But both of these strands of conservatism were very hostile toward communism and also
to the idea of “big government.” And it’s worth noting that since World War
I, the size and scope of the federal government had increased dramatically.
And hostility toward the idea of “big government” remains the signal feature of contemporary
conservatism. Although very few people actually argue for shrinking the government. Because,
you know, that would be very unpopular. People like Medicare.
But it was faith in the free market that infused the ideology of the most vocal young conservatives
in the 1960s. They didn’t receive nearly as much press
as their liberal counterparts but these young conservatives played a pivotal role in reshaping
the Republican Party, especially in the election of 1964.
The 1964 presidential election was important in American history precisely because it was
so incredibly uncompetitive. I mean, Lyndon Johnson was carrying the torch
of a wildly popular American president who had been assassinated a few months before.
He was never going to lose. And indeed he didn’t. The republican candidate,
Arizona senator Barry Goldwater, was demolished by LBJ.
But the mere fact of Goldwater’s nomination was a huge conservative victory. I mean, he
beat out liberal Republican New York Governor Nelson Rockefeller. And yes, there were liberal
Republicans. Goldwater demanded a harder line in the Cold
War, even suggesting that nuclear war might be an option in the fight against communism.
And he lambasted the New Deal liberal welfare state for destroying American initiative and
individual liberty. I mean, why bother working when you could just enjoy life on the dole?
I mean, unemployment insurance allowed anyone in America to become a hundredaire.
But it was his stance on the Cold War that doomed his candidacy. In his acceptance speech,
Goldwater famously declared, “Extremism in the defense of liberty is no vice.”
Which made it really easy for Johnson to paint Goldwater as an extremist.
In the famous “Daisy” advertisement, Johnson’s supporters countered Goldwater’s campaign
slogan of “in your heart, you know he’s right” with “but in your guts you know
he’s nuts.” So in the end, Goldwater received a paltry
27 million votes to Johnson’s 43 million, and Democrats racked up huge majorities in
both houses of Congress. This hides, however, the significance of the election. Five of
the six states that Goldwater carried were in the Deep South, which had been reliably
democratic, known as the “Solid South,” in fact.
Now, it’s too simple to say that race alone led to the shift from Democratic to the Republican
party in the South because Goldwater didn’t really talk much about race.
But the Democrats, especially under LBJ, became the party associated with defending civil
rights and ending segregation, and that definitely played a role in white southerners’ abandoning
the Democrats, as was demonstrated even more clearly in the 1968 election.
The election of 1968 was a real cluster-Calhoun, I mean, there were riots and there was also
the nomination of Hubert Humphrey, who was very unpopular with the anti-war movement,
and also was named Hubert Humphrey, and that’s just what happened with the Democrats.
But, lost in that picture was the Republican nominee, Richard Milhous Nixon, who was one
of the few candidates in American history to come back and win the presidency after
losing in a previous election. How’d he do it?
Well, it probably wasn’t his charm, but it might have been his patience. Nixon was
famous for his ability to sit and wait in poker games. It made him very successful during
his tour of duty in the South Pacific. In fact, he earned the nickname “Old Iron Butt.”
Plus, he was anti-communist, but didn’t talk a lot about nuking people. And the clincher
was probably that he was from California, which by the late 1960s was becoming the most
populous state in the nation. Nixon won the election, campaigning as the
candidate of the “silent majority” of Americans who weren’t anti-war protesters,
and who didn’t admire free love or the communal ideals of hippies.
And who were alarmed at the rights that the Supreme Court seemed to be expanding, especially
for criminals. This silent majority felt that the rights
revolution had gone too far. I mean, they were concerned about the breakdown in traditional
values and in law and order. Stop me if any of this sounds familiar.
Nixon also promised to be tough on crime, which was coded language to whites in the
south that he wouldn’t support civil rights protests. The equation of crime with African
Americans has a long and sordid history in the United States, and Nixon played it up
following a “Southern strategy” to further draw white Democrats who favored segregation
into the Republican ranks. Now, Nixon only won 43% of the vote, but if
you’ve paid attention to American history, you know that you ain’t gotta win a majority
to be the president. He was denied that majority primarily by Alabama
Governor George Wallace, who was running on a pro-segregation ticket and won 13% of the
vote. So 56% of American voters chose candidates
who were either explicitly or quietly against civil rights.
Conservatives who voted for Nixon hoping he would roll back the New Deal were disappointed.
I mean, in some ways the Nixon domestic agenda was just a continuation of LBJ’s Great Society.
This was partly because Congress was still in the hands of Democrats, but also Nixon
didn’t push for conservative programs and he didn’t veto new initiatives. Because
they were popular. And he liked to be popular. So in fact, a number of big government “liberal”
programs began under Nixon. I mean, the environmental movement achieved success with the enactment
of the Clean Air Act, and the Clean Water Act, and the Endangered Species Act.
The Occupational Health and Safety Administration and the National Transportation Safety Board
were created to make new regulations that would protect worker safety and make cars
safer. That’s not government getting out of our
lives, that’s government getting into our cars.
Now, Nixon did abolish the Office of Economic Opportunity, but he also indexed social security
benefits to inflation and he proposed the Family Assistance Plan that would guarantee
a minimum income for all Americans. And, the Nixon years saw some of the most
aggressive affirmative action in American history. LBJ had begun the process by requiring
recipients of federal contracts to have specific numbers of minority employees and timetables
for increasing those numbers. But Nixon expanded this with the Philadelphia
plan, which required federal construction projects to have minority employees. He ended
up attacking this plan after realising that it was wildly unpopular with trade unions,
which had very few black members, but he had proposed it.
And when Nixon had the opportunity to nominate a new Chief Justice to the Supreme Court after
Earl Warren retired in 1969, his choice, Warren Burger was supposed to be a supporter of small
government and conservative ideals, but, just like Nixon, he proved a disappointment in
that regard. Like, in Swan v. Charlotte-Mecklenbug Board
of Education, the court upheld a lower court ruling that required busing of students to
achieve integration in Charlotte’s schools. And then the Burger court made it easier for
minorities to sue for employment discrimination, especially with its ruling in Regents of the
University of California v. Bakke. This upheld affirmative action as a valid governmental
interest, although it did strike down the use of strict quotas in university admissions.
Now, many conservatives didn’t like these affirmative action decisions, but one case
above all others had a profound effect on American politics: Roe v. Wade.
Roe v. Wade established a woman’s right to have an abortion in the first trimester
of a pregnancy as well as a more limited right as the pregnancy progressed. And that decision
galvanized first Catholics and then Evangelical Protestants.
And that ties in nicely with another strand in American conservatism that developed in
the 1960s and 1970s. Let’s go to the ThoughtBubble. Many Americans felt that traditional family
values were deteriorating and looked to conservative republican candidates to stop that slide.
They were particularly alarmed by the continuing success of the sexual revolution, as symbolized
by Roe v. Wade and the increasing availability of birth control.
Statistics tend to back up the claims that traditional family values were in decline
in the 1970s. Like, the number of divorces soared to over one million in 1975 exceeding
the number of first time marriages. The birthrate declined with women bearing 1.7 children during
their lifetimes by 1976, less than half the figure in 1957. Now, of course, many people
would argue that the decline of these traditional values allowed more freedom for women and
for a lot of terrible marriages to end, but that’s neither here nor there.
Some conservatives also complained about the passage in 1972 of Title IX, which banned
gender discrimination in higher education, but many more expressed concern about the
increasing number of women in the workforce. Like, by 1980 40% of women with young children
had been in the workforce, up from 20% in 1960.
The backlash against increased opportunity for women is most obviously seen in the defeat
of the Equal Rights Amendment in 1974, although it passed Congress easily in 1972. Opponents
of the ERA, which rather innocuously declared that equality of rights under the law could
not be abridged on account of sex, argued that the ERA would let men off the hook for
providing for their wives and children, and that working women would lead to the further
breakdown of the family. Again, all the ERA stated was that women and men would have equal
rights under the laws of the United States. But, anyway, some anti-ERA supporters, like
Phyllis Schlafly claimed that free enterprise was the greatest liberator of women because
the purchase of new labor saving devices would offer them genuine freedom in their traditional
roles of wife and mother. Essentially, the vacuum cleaner shall make you free. And those
arguments were persuasive to enough people that the ERA was not ratified in the required
¾ of the United States. Thanks, ThoughtBubble. Sorry if I let my personal
feelings get in the way on that one. Anyway, Nixon didn’t have much to do with the continuing
sexual revolution; it would have continued without him because, you know, skoodilypooping
is popular. But, he was successfully reelected in 1972,
partly because his opponent was the democratic Barry Goldwater, George McGovern.
McGovern only carried one state and it wasn’t even his home state. It was Massachusetts.
Of course. But even though they couldn’t possibly lose,
Nixon’s campaign decided to cheat. In June of 1972, people from Nixon’s campaign broke
into McGovern’s campaign office, possibly to plant bugs. No, Stan, not those kinds of
bugs. Yes. Those. Now, we don’t know if Nixon actually knew
about the activities of the former employees of the amazingly acronym-ed CREEP, that is
the Committee for the Reelection of the President. But this break in at the Watergate hotel eventually
led to Nixon being the first and so far only American president to resign.
What we do know is this: Nixon was really paranoid about his opponents, even the ones
who appealed to 12% of American voters, especially after Daniel Ellsberg leaked the Pentagon
Papers to the New York Times in 1971. So, he drew up an enemies list and created
a special investigative unit called the plumbers whose job was to fix toilets. No, it was to
stop leaks. That makes more sense. I’m sorry, Stan, it’s just by then the
toilets in the White House were over 100 years old, I figured they might need some fixing,
but apparently no. Leaking. Nixon also taped all of the conversations
in the Oval Office and these tapes caused a minor constitutional crisis.
So, during the congressional investigation of Watergate, it became known that these tapes
existed, so the special prosecutor demanded copies.
Nixon refused, claiming executive privilege, and the case went all the way to the Supreme
Court, which ruled in U.S. v. Nixon that he had to turn them over. And this is important
because it means that the president is not above the law.
So, what ultimately doomed Nixon was not the break in itself, but the revelations that
he covered it up by authorizing hush money payments to keep the burglars silent and also
instructing the FBI not to investigate the crime.
In August of 1974, the House Judiciary Committee recommended that articles of impeachment be
drawn up against Nixon for conspiracy and obstruction of justice. But the real crime,
ultimately, was abuse of power, and there’s really no question about whether he was guilty
of that. So, Nixon resigned. Aw man, I was thinking I was going to get
away without a Mystery Document today. The rules here are simple.
I guess the author of the Mystery Document, and lately I’m never wrong.
Alright. Today I am an inquisitor. I believe hyperbole
would not be fictional and would not overstate the solemnness that I feel right now. My faith
in the Constitution is whole, it is complete, it is total. I am not going to sit here and
be an idle spectator to the diminution, the subversion, the destruction of the Constitution.”
Aw. I’m going to get shocked today. Is it Sam Ervin? Aw dang it! Gah!
Apparently it was African American congresswoman from Texas, Barbara Jordan. Stan, that is
much too hard. I think you were getting tired of me not being
shocked, Stan, because it’s pretty strange to end an episode on conservatism with a quote
from Barbara Jordan, whose election to Congress has to be seen as a huge victory for liberalism.
But I guess it is symbolic of the very things that many conservatives found unsettling in
the 1970s, including political and economic success for African Americans and women, and
the legislation that helped the marginalized. I know that sounds very judgmental, but on
the other hand, the federal government had become a huge part of every American’s life,
maybe too huge. And certainly conservatives weren’t wrong
when they said that the founding fathers of the U.S. would hardly recognize the nation
that we had become by the 1970s. In fact, Watergate was followed by a Senate
investigation by the Church Committee, which revealed that Nixon was hardly the first president
to abuse his power. The government had spied on Americans throughout
the Cold War and tried to disrupt the Civil Rights movement. And the Church Commission,
Watergate, the Pentagon Papers, Vietnam all of these things revealed a government that
truly was out of control and this undermined a fundamental liberal belief that government
is a good institution that is supposed to solve problems and promote freedom.
And for many Conservatives these scandals sent a clear signal that government couldn’t
promote freedom and couldn’t solve problems and that the liberal government of the New
Deal and the Great Society had to be stopped. Thanks for watching, I’ll see you next week.
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And I am slowly spinning, I’m slowly spinning, I’m slowly spinning. Thank you again for
your support. I’m coming back around. I can do this. And as we say in my hometown,
don’t forget to be awesome.

Opinion | Political apologies should not be this hard


-I let down my friends,
I let down the country, I let down our system
of government and the dreams of all
those young people that ought to get
into government but will think it’s all
too corrupt and the rest. -I have one major regret. I took a risk with regard
to our action in Iran. It did not work. And serious mistakes were made
in trying to do so. -And I do regret it, particularly where it may have
caused personal pain. -It is important to me that
everybody who has been hurt know that the sorrow
I feel is genuine. -The other night, Ashley
and my daughter, Liza, said their prayers,
AND Little Liza, all of 10 years old,
said to Ashley, “We should pray for the woman.” This whole two-week effort
has been a calculated and orchestrated political hit. -So, you’re saying there’s never
been a case where you drank so much
that you didn’t remember what happened the night before,
or part of what happened? -It’s — You’re asking about,
you know, blackout. I don’t know.
Have you? -While I did not appear
in this photo, I am not surprised by its
appearance in the EVMS yearbook. That same year, I did
participate in a dance contest in San Antonio,
in which I darkened my face as part of
a Michael Jackson costume. I had the shoes, I had a glove, and I used just
a little bit of shoe polish to put under my —
or on my cheeks. And the reason I used
a very little bit is because I don’t know
if anybody’s ever tried that, but you cannot
get shoe polish off. -Are you still able to moonwalk?
-Uh… -Inappropriate circumstances. -My wife says,
“Inappropriate circumstances.” -In my past, I said and
believed things that were wrong. -I can’t marry my sister
or my brother. -And I can’t marry Keelo.
-And I can’t marry my dog. -Don’t let homosexuals force
their values on the people of Hawaii. -And worse, they were
very hurtful to people in the LGBTQ community
and to their loved ones. Many years ago, I apologized
for my words, and, more importantly, for the
negative impact that they had. I sincerely repeat
my apology today. -Would you change your vote
on civil rights if you had to give it today? -Yes, I would. On the Civil Rights laws
of 1964, I would. I would change my vote. -I am sorry that I extended
confusion about tribal citizenship
and tribal sovereignty and for harm caused. Tribes, and only tribes,
determine tribal citizenship.

The Democratic Party Takeover HAS BEGUN


NOW, THE DEMOCRATIC PARTY USED
TO REPRESENT SOMETHING WONDERFUL. VOTERS. AND THEY WERE
ACTUALLY PROGRESSIVES AND THEY GOT A LOT OF THINGS DONE. THAT IS NOT A MYTH. THERE IS THIS IDEA THAT WELL,
DEMOCRATS ARE WEAK AND THEY WERE ALWAYS INEFFECTUAL. NOT REMOTELY TRUE THAT FDR WAS
A DEMOCRAT THAT HE GAVE A SOCIAL SECURITY. LATER WE WANT OF GETTING
MEDICARE, MEDICAID AND ALL OF THESE WONDERFUL THINGS, ALL
BROUGHT TO YOU BY STRONG PROGRESSIVE START INCLUDING
THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT, THE VOTING RIGHTS ACTS, ALL
BROUGHT TO YOU BY STRONG PROGRESSIVES, AND IT WASN’T JUST
PRESIDENTS OR POLITICIANS. THERE WERE GREAT ACTIVISTS LIKE
MARTIN LUTHER KING WHO WAS A VERY STRONG PROGRESSIVE AND
ALSO GOT US THE CIVIL RIGHTS AND VOTING RIGHTS ACT BUT
NOT JUST ON SOCIAL ISSUES BUT ON ECONOMIC ISSUES. THERE WAS RALPH NADER. REMEMBER HIM? HE SAVED MILLIONS OF LIVES BY
GETTING SEE BOTH OF THE CARS AND HE HAD TO FIGHT GIANT
MULTINATIONAL CORPORATIONS THROUGH THAT BUT HE 1. ISN’T THAT AMAZING? BACK WHEN YOU COULD ACTUALLY BE
MULTINATIONAL CORPORATIONS. BUT GIVE YOU A SENSE OF HOW
STRONG THE DEMOCRATIC PARTY AND PROGRESSES USED TO BE IN
THIS COUNTRY: BACK DURING NIXON’S ADMINISTRATION, NIXON
WAS SO INTIMIDATED BY PROGRESSIVE SPIRAL LIKE RALPH
NADER THAT HE IS THE ONE WHO STARTED THE ENVIRONMENTAL
PROTECTION AGENCY AND OSHA TO PROTECT WORKERS IN AMERICA. PROGRESSIVES WERE SO STRONG THAT
WE GOT NIXON TO START THE EPA AND OSHA. DON’T TELL ME IT IS IMPOSSIBLE
FOR THERE TO BE STRONG TO DEMOCRATS I KNOW THERE ARE. BUT WHAT WOUND UP HAVING TO THE
DEMOCRAT PARTY QUEST OVER THERE WAS A HOSTILE TAKEOVER. MULTINATIONAL CORPORATIONS
DECIDED HEY, YOU KNOW WHAT? WE NEED THE SUPREME COURT ON
OUR SIDE AND THEY HAD A GUY CALLED LEWIS POWELL READ A MEMO
TALKING ABOUT THEY COULD TAKE OVER THE SUPREME COURT. RICHARD NIXON DID THAT AND WHAT
DID POWELL DO? HE WAS THE DECIDING VOTE IN TWO
SUPREME COURT CASES THAT ALLOWED FOR CORPORATIONS TO PUT
MONEY INTO POLITICS. LO AND BEHOLD, OPERATIONS TOOK
OVER THE REPUBLICAN PARTY OF COURSE IMMEDIATELY, WHO ARE
READY FOR THAT TAKEOVERÖ OVER WAS NOT HOSTILE, AND
THEN THEY TOOK OVER THE DEMOCRATIC PARTY. AND I ASKED RALPH NADER,
YOU’RE GETTING NIXON TO DO WHATEVER YOU WANT? WHAT HAPPENED? HE SAID WE RAN INTO A BRICK WALL
ONCE BY A CONGRESSMAN BY THE NAME OF TONY CORO BUT IT
COULD’VE BEEN ANYONE SAID YOU KNOW YOU CAN TAKE CORPORATE
CRASH JUST LIKE THE REPUBLICANS DID. ONCE THAT HAPPENED, THE DEMOCRATIC PARTY SLOWLY BECAME
ESTABLISHMENT DEMOCRATS. THE CORPORATE DEMOCRATS THAT YOU
KNOW NOW. THAT HAS LED TO DISASTER AND
RUIN, AND THE REASON FOR IS ACTUALLY QUITE SIMPLE. LET ME QUOTE YOU THE BARNEY
FRANK RULE AND THIS IS A RULE THAT BARNEY FRANK SAID TO
ONE OF OUR REPORTERS JORDAN CHILTON IN THE MIDDLE OF THIS
ELECTION SEASON. HE SAID WHAT YOU WANT US TO DO? NOT TAKE ANY OF THE BIGGER
MONEY? WELL, ISN’T IT BETTER THAT WE
TAKE 20% OF THE BANKER MONEY? AND MY RESOUNDING ANSWER IS NO,
IT IS NOT BETTER. BECAUSE IF YOU ONLY TAKE 20% OF
THE BIGGER MONEY AND THE BIG DONOR MONEY AND THE
MULTINATIONAL CORPORATION MONEY, YOU SET YOURSELF UP AS THE
PERPETUAL LOSING TEAM. YOU ARE THE WASHINGTON GENERALS TO
THE HARLEM GLOBETROTTERS. YOU HAVE AGREED TO AND TAKE PART
IN A SYSTEM WHERE YOU ARE PAID TO LOSE. IF YOU BASE ALL OF
THE CAMPAIGNS ON MONEY, AND THE OTHER GUYS TAKE MORE
CORPORATE MONEY THAN YOU DO AND YOU AGREE TO THAT SYSTEM,
WHY WOULD YOU DO THAT? OF COURSE THAT LEADS TO FAILURE
AND RUIN AND WE ARE IN RUIN. I’M GOING TO TELL YOU HOW WE
ARE GOING TO TAKE THE DEMOCRATIC PARTY BACK BUT TO
GIVE YOU ONE MORE SENSE OF HOW BAD IT IS RIGHT NOW, DONALD
TRUMP, THE MOST UNPOPULAR PERSON TO EVER RUN FOR PRESIDENT IN THE
HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA DEFEATED HILLARY
CLINTON, THE STANDARDBEARER FOR THE ESTABLISHMENT DEMOCRATS,
FOR THE CORPORATE DEMOCRATS. THEY WERE SO PROUD OF HER. THERE WAS SO SURE THAT SHE WAS
GOING TO WIN, AND SHE LOST IN THE MOST UNPOPULAR PERSON. YOU KNOW THAT DONALD TRUMP HAD A
POPULARITY RATING OF 60% ON THE DAY OF THE ELECTION. 60% DISAPPROVED IN THE COUNTRY
BUT HE WON ANYWAY. THEY GIVE YOU SOME SENSE OF WHAT
A DISASTER THE DEMOCRATIC PARTY HAS BECOME. OF COURSE THEY
LOST THE HOUSE AND THE SENATE. THEY COULDN’T FILL US UP IN
COURT VACANCY THAT WAS SITTING THERE OPEN FOR ABOUT A YEAR, BUT
TO ME THE MOST DEVASTATING STAT IS THEY HAVE LOST 69 OUT OF
THE 99 STATE LEGISLATURES. REPUBLICANS HOLD 70% OF THE LEGISLATURES ACROSS THE
COUNTRY AT THE STATE LEVEL. DEMOCRATIC PARTY HAS A
DEMOGRAPHIC ADVANTAGE AND IT HAS AN ADVANTAGE ON ALMOST
EVERY POLICY ISSUE THERE IS, GET THEY HAVE SOMEHOW
MANAGED TO LOSE 70% OF THE STATE LEGISLATURES AND
EVERY BRANCH OF GOVERNMENT I CAN YOU DESCRIBE INCOMPETENCE
THAT IS GREATER THAN THAT? I THINK THEY HAVE MAXED OUT ON
INCOMPETENCE. THAT IS WHY WE MUST CHOOSE A NEW
PATH, AND THAT IS WHAT WE EMBARK UPON TODAY. WHAT WE NEED TO DO IS TAKE OVER
THE DEMOCRATIC PARTY, AND AS MARTIN LUTHER KING SAID WHEN
HE DID THIS SEVERAL RIGHTS MOMENT, HE SAID HE WAS NOT
DOING IT JUST TO HELP AFRICAN-AMERICANS WITH THE SAVE
THE SOUL OF AMERICA. HERE WE ARE GOING TO SAVE THE
SOUL OF THE DEMOCRATIC PARTY BY BOARDING THE DEMOCRATIC
PARTY’S SHIP AND TAKING IT OVER. HOW ARE WE GOING TO DO THAT? WE’RE GOING TO RUN STRONG
PROGRESSIVES AND WE ARE LAUNCHING TODAY SOMETHING THAT
WILL REPRESENT NOT THE DONORS, NOT THE MULTINATIONAL
CORPORATIONS, BUT JUST US. THIS IS A PERFECTLY FINE HASHTAG
TO USE AND I WAS THINKING OF USING IT WHEN WE WERE COMING UP
WITH THIS IDEA ORIGINALLY AND THEN I LOOKED AT IT AND I
WAS LIKE JUST US. PERHAPS WHAT WE ARE REALLY
SEEKING IS JUSTICE. WE WANT YOU TO REPRESENT JUST
US, NOT YOUR DONORS. JUST THE VOTERS, NOT YOUR
DONORS. SO FROM NOW ON, THERE WILL BE A
NEW WING OF THE DEMOCRATIC PARTY AND IT WILL BE THE JUSTICE EMMA
KRATZ. WE WILL SEEK SOCIAL JUSTICE,
ECONOMIC JUSTICE, RACIAL JUSTICE, AND PLAIN OLD JUSTICE
JUSTICE. FOR THE AMERICAN WORKER, A FEW
ARE GRIEVED, YOU ARE RIGHT WHEN THE MEDIA TELLS YOU KNOW,
THE STATUS QUO IS WONDERFUL. IT IS NOT TRUE THAT WHEN THE
ESTABLISHMENT TELLS YOU EVERYTHING IS GOING FINE, IT IS
NOT TRUE AND YOU KNOW IT. DO YOU KNOW WHY? YOUR PRODUCTIVITY HAS BEEN
SKYHIGH, THE AMERICAN WORKER HAVE NOT AIRED. YOU’VE DONE THE RIGHT THINGS,
BUT YOUR WAGES HAVE BEEN STAGNANT SENSE OF RIGHT AROUND
1980 WHEN THE CORPORATIONS TOOK OVER
THE DEMOCRATIC PARTY AND THERE WAS NO LONGER ANY
RESISTANCE TO THEIR PLATFORM. AND WHAT IS HAPPENED SINCE THEN? MINIMUM WAGE HAS STAGNATED, IN
FACT ALL OF THE WAGES HAVE STAGNATED THAT THAT IS IN
AN ACCIDENT BECAUSE MULTINATIONAL CORPORATIONS
DIDN’T BACKED RIGGED THE SYSTEM BY BUYING POLITICIANS,
INCLUDING DEMOCRATS. WE’RE GOING UP INTO THAT THAT WE
ARE GOING TO CHANGE THAT. WHO ARE REQUEST OH YES, COURSE
THAT YOU IT NETWORK IS INVOLVED, THAT IS WHY I AM HERE. I AM ONE OF THE COFOUNDERS OF
THE JUST DEMOCRATS AND ONE OF THE WIRES OF THE PLATFORM WAS,
BUT THERE WAS A WHOLE OTHER COMPONENT. SIGNIFICANT PORTION OF BERNIE
SANDERS TEAM THAT RAN THAT WONDERFUL CAMPAIGN IS NOW WITH
THE JUSTICE DEMOCRATS. WE HAVE TWO SENIOR ADVISERS,
INCLUDING THE FOLKS WHO ORGANIZED A LOT OF THE STATES,
AND THEIR TEAM ON THE SIDE OF THE JUSTICE DEMOCRATS. SEX ACTUALLY IS ON OUR BOARD,
KYLE IS ON OUR BOARD, I AM ON THE BOARD, BUT ALSO PSYCHOTIC IS
A PERSON WHO WAS INVOLVED IN ORGANIZING ON THE TECHNOLOGY
FRONT AND HE IS GOING TO BE OUR EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR. I THINK THAT WE ARE ONTO
SOMETHING THAT IS GOING TO BE AMAZING, BUT WHAT WE NEED IS
YOUR HELP. IF THIS IS GOING TO WORK, AND
CAN BE JUST PEOPLE FROM BERNIE’S TEAM INTO IT, AND
WE THINK THIS IS IMPORTANT AND INTERESTING. YOU HAVE TO LIKE THE IDEA AND
YOU HAVE TO PROPEL IT FORWARD. THERE IS A NEW WEBSITE THAT WILL
GIVE YOU ALL OF THE DIRECTIONS ON WHAT TO DO, BUT I NEED YOU TO
GO THERE TO DO THREE SPECIFIC THINGS THAT FIRST OF ALL THE
WEBSITE IS JUSTICE DEMOCRATS.ORG AND THE THINGS I NEED YOU TO DO
IS FIRST OF ALL JUST SIGN UP. JUST LET US KNOW THAT YOU
AGREE, YOU WANT STRONG PROGRESSIVES, YOU WANT A
PRIMARY CORPORAL DEMOCRATS, YOU WANT PROGRESSIVES TO TAKE BACK
THE PARTY. THAT IS THE EASIEST THING IN THE
WORLD I’D 65 SECOND START THE SECOND THING I WANT YOU TO DO IS
WE ARE GOING TO ACTUALLY GET NOMINEES TO RUN IN CONGRESSIONAL
RACES FROM YOU GUYS. THIS IS NOT A TOP-DOWN OF
NONSENSE. YOU HAVE TO BRING IT FROM THE
BOTTOM UP. YOU HAVE TO PARTICIPATE. IF YOU DON’T, THIS WILL FIZZLE
AND THEN THE PUNDITS AND THE MEDIA WILL SAY WE KNEW IT. NO, THE VOTERS DO WANT CORPORATE
DEMOCRATS. THE VOTERS TO LOVE THE
ESTABLISHMENT AND THEY DO WANT THE STATUS QUO. YOU HAVE TO PROVE THEM WRONG. YOU CAN NOMINATE YOURSELF BUT
WHAT I WOULD PREFER AS IF YOU NOMINATED SOMEONE ELSE IN YOUR
COMMUNITY WHO YOU THINK WOULD BE GREAT AT REPRESENTING YOU AND
REPRESENTING THE ENTIRE COMMUNITY, BECAUSE THE WHOLE
POINT OF THIS IS TO GAIN YOUR REPRESENTATIVES INTO THE HOUSE
OF REPRESENTATIVES. THE SENATE AS WELL. BUT THEY HAVE BEEN
REPRESENTATIVE THAT THE DONORS ALL THIS TIME. GIVE ME PEOPLE WHO ARE NOT
POLITICIANS BUT WHO ACTUALLY CARE TO DO THE JOB THE
JOB RIGHT. WHO ACTUALLY CARED REPRESENT
PEOPLE. GO AHEAD NOMINATE PEOPLE. DOESN’T TAKE THAT LONG, YOU JUST HAVE TO TELL US WHO YOU ARE
AND WHO THEY ARE AND TELLS THE SIMPLE REASON WHY THEY
SHOULD BE THE NOMINEE. LOOK, I SUSPECT THAT WE ARE
GOING TO GET HUNDREDS AND HUNDREDS OF NOMINEES AND WE WILL
LOOK THROUGH THOSE AND IT DOESN’T MEAN EVERY PERSON IS
GOING TO BE SELECTED. WE ARE GOING TO HAVE TO GO
THROUGH A SELECTION PROCESS BUT AT THE END, I BELIEVE WE
WILL HAVE WONDERFULLY STRONG CANDIDATES AND THEY WILL
BE REAL AMERICANS AND THEY WILL NOT BE POLITICIANS IN IT
FOR THEMSELVES. FROM TIME TO TIME, IF THERE IS A
YOUNG BUDDING PERSONAL CARE ABOUT POLITICS WHO WAS ARTIE
AND WE THINK THEY’RE STRONG DEMOCRATS WHO AGREE WITH THE
PLATFORM, GREAT. THEN WE WILL DO THAT. BY THE WAY, ON JUSTICE
DEMOCRATS.COM YOU WILL ALSO SEE THE PLATFORM. YOU CAN CLICK ON THAT AND READ
IT FOR YOURSELF. POINT NUMBER ONE IS THEY ARE,
NONE OF OUR CANDIDATES ARE ALLOWED TO TAKE CORPORATE MONEY
OR BIG DONOR MONEY. BECAUSE IF WE DO THAT, THEN
WE’RE JUST GOING TO TURN INTO THE CORPORATE DEMOCRATS. WE WILL NOT BE GOING DOWN A ROAD
THAT WE WERE GOING DOWN THE ROAD OF REPRESENTING THE PEOPLE,
BEING SOURCED BY THE PEOPLE, AND GETTING OUR FUNDING FROM THE
PEOPLE AT THE FINALLY, OF COURSE, THERE WILL ALSO BE A
BUTTON TO DONATE THERE AND YOU CAN MAKE THIS CAMPAIGN AS STRONG
AS POSSIBLE AND PARTICIPATE IN ANY WAY THAT YOU CAN. I KNOW WHAT THE ESTABLISHMENT
WILL SAY ABOUT THIS. THEY WILL SAY WELL, NOW THE CENK
UYGUR AT A TIME WHERE THERE IS A DONALD TRUMP, WE ALL
HAVE TO UNIFIED OUT THE DEMOCRATS HAVE TO UNIFY INVITING
HIM. UNITY SOUNDS WONDERFUL IN
THEORY, AND I AGREE WITH YOU WITH UNITY, BUT AM I GOING
TO UNIFY BEHIND THEM? THE ANSWER IS HELL NO. IF YOU TELL ME THAT WE HAVE TO
FIGHT DONALD TRUMP I WILL SAY I AM READY TO LEAVE THAT
PITCHER PARADE. IF YOU SAY TO ME, WE HAVE TO
FIGHT AGAINST ULTRA BUT MEANWHILE YOU HAVE TO AGREE TO
OUR CORPORATE ECONOMIC PRINCIPLES, NOTE THAT THE ANSWER
IS A RESOUNDING NO. WE WILL NOT UNIFY. WE WILL
NOT UNIFY BEHIND YOU. WE WILL NOT UNIFY BEHIND YOUR
LOSING STRATEGY. WE WILL NOT UNIFY BEHIND
DEMOCRATS WHO DON’T REPRESENT US AND WHO AREN’T
EVEN PROGRESSIVE. SO YOUR ANSWER TO UNITY ON THAT FRONT IS
NO. NOW, IF YOUR CLAIM IS THAT YOU
ACTUALLY WANT UNITY, GREAT. THEN UNIFY BEHIND US. READ THE PLATFORM. IT’S PERFECTLY PROGRESSIVE. IF YOU CLAIM TO BE A PROGRESSIVE, YOU WOULD BE
TOTALLY IN FAVOR OF IT. GREAT, YOU WANT UNITY? LET’S GO, UNIFY BEHIND THAT
PLATFORM. YOU SEE, THEY DON’T WANT UNITY. THEY WANT COMPLIANCE. AND OUR ANSWER TO THAT IS HELL
NO. THE SECOND THING THEY WILL DO IS
THEY WILL BESEECH. NO, YOU CAN’T DO PRIMARIES
AGAINST THESE WONDERFUL DEMOCRATS I HAVE BEEN AROUND FOR
30 OR 40 YEARS SERVING THE AMERICAN
PEOPLE. GUESS WE CAN. WE WILL PRIMARY THEM
AGGRESSIVELY. VERY AGGRESSIVELY. IT DOESN’T MEAN YOU’RE GOING TO
PRIMARY EVERY DEMOCRAT THERE IS, THERE IS A PROGRESSIVE CAUCUS IT
IS THAT A WONDERFUL JOB. BUT THE REST OF YOU ARE ON
NOTICE. IF YOU WANT TO STRAIGHTEN UP
AND YOU WANT TO ACTUALLY DO PROGRESSIVE PRIORITIES, GREAT. IF YOU DON’T, WE ARE GOING TO
COME FOR YOU. AND IF YOU THINK IT IS THE OLD
DAYS WERE YOU CAN BE CUTE AND HEY, I VOTED THE RIGHT WAY
ON A COUPLE OF SOCIAL ISSUES, BUT WHENEVER THERE WAS
AN ECONOMIC ISSUE, I SAID IT WITH THE CORPORATIONS WHO ARE
MY DONORS AND I DIDN’T SIGN WITH BY VOTERS. THERE IS THIS THING CALLED THE
INTERNET. WELCOME. WE ALREADY KNOW YOUR VOTING
RECORD AND WE SEE A DAY TODAY. AND WE ALREADY KNOW WHO YOUR
DONORS ARE. TIMES WHEN YOU CAN TRICK US
BECAUSE ALL THERE WAS WAS OLD TV MEDIA ARE GONE. WE DO NOT AGREE AND WE WILL
PRIMARY YOU. VERY VERY AGGRESSIVELY. SO COME AND JOIN US, SHOW THEM
WHERE THE DEMOCRATIC PARTY SHOULD GO. LET US RETAKE THAT SHIP AND
HEADED IN THE RIGHT DIRECTION. JUSTICE DEMOCRATS.COM. SIGN UP, NOMINATE PEOPLE,
DONATE, IN ANY WAY THAT YOU CAN. EITHER WE WILL GET THOSE
DEMOCRATS TO LINE UP AND GET REAL UNITY BEHIND US OR WE
WILL DEFEAT THEM. BECAUSE THE LAST THING WE ARE
GOING TO DO IS GOING TO ANOTHER PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION
AND RUN A CORPORATIST AGAINST A POPULACE CANDIDATE. THE LAST THING WE’RE GOING TO DO
IS ENDANGER THE REPUBLIC AND THE WHOLE WORLD BY LETTING
A CLOWN LIKE DONALD TRUMP WHEN BECAUSE WE PICKED A
CANDIDATE THAT WAS PRO-STATUS QUO, PRO-ESTABLISHMENT,
PRO-MULTINATIONAL CORPORATIONS. THE AMERICAN PEOPLE ARE NOT
STUPID. THEY SAW THROUGH IT. THEY SAID NO MATTER HOW TERRIBLE
TRUMP IS AND BY THE WAY, 17% OF HIS OWN VOTERS THAT HE WAS NOT
QUALIFIED FOR OFFICE BUT THEY VOTED FOR HIM ANYWAY BECAUSE
THEY WERE DESPERATE FOR CHANGE. WE ARE GOING TO GIVE AMERICA
SOMETHING THEY ACTUALLY WANT. CHANGE FROM THE LEFT. ALMOST EVERY POLICY POSITION WE
HAVE IN OUR PLATFORM IS EXACTLY WHAT THE AMERICAN PEOPLE
SAY ACCORDING TO THE POLLING. NOT ACCORDING TO ME OR FOUNDERS,
BUT ACCORDING TO THE POLLING. YES, WE REPRESENT THE MAINSTREAM
OF AMERICA THAT WE ARE GOING TO RECAPTURE ONE OF THOSE CURRENT
PARTIES THAT EXIST RIGHT NOW AND THEN WE ARE GOING TO HAVE A REAL
FIGHT WITH THE LIKES OF TRUMP AND THE REPUBLICAN PARTY IN THE
ESTABLISHMENT. THE FIGHT STARTS NOW. IT STARTS
TODAY AND IT STARTS WITH YOU. JUSTICE DEMOCRATS.COM.

Impeach Trump? What do the polls say? | IN 60 SECONDS


In the summer of 1973, pollsters Lou
Harris and George Gallup began asking people whether President Richard Nixon
should be impeached. At that early point in the Watergate saga, most people did
not want to impeach the president. Public opinion turned against Nixon in the late
spring of 1974, and Nixon resigned in August. Now, Congressman Brad Sherman,
Democrat from California, has filed an impeachment resolution against Donald
Trump using language that is similar to the resolutions language used during
Watergate. The measure has only one co-sponsor, and is unlikely to gain much
traction at this point. What do the polls say? A July poll from Monmouth University
is pretty much in line with the small handful of polls we have on the subject.
In it, 41% say President Trump should be impeached and compelled to leave office,
while 53% say that he should not be. In our deeply divided political environment,
large majorities of Democrats want to impeach him; large majorities of
Republicans don’t. A third of independents say he should go. This is a sensitive issue with serious political ramifications. Let us know what you think
and let us know your comments. Also, let us know what other topics you’d like our
scholars to cover in 60 seconds, and be sure to subscribe for more research and
videos from AEI.

Watch me draw 10 presidents



so when I was in high school it was my big dream to become a political cartoonist I started my own political cartooning website and I drew political cartoons every week until 2015 and then I stopped because I realized no one really cared it's just not a style of cartooning that is very popular these days people still like jokes aboot politics but they prefer to get them from Colbert or memes but anyway one side effect of having studied political cartoons is that I figured out how to draw basically all of the US presidents see in political cartooning US presidents are kind of like symbols or even hieroglyphics because everyone knows their faces so well it's not hard to learn how to draw them really quickly and easily so long as you always include like the three main facial features that they're known for so watch as I show you how to quickly draw the last ten US presidents so the first one we're gonna look at is the current President President Donald Trump of course his main feature is his big mop of hair he's got a pretty round head and then he's got these kind of bushy eyebrows little squinty eyes he has really pursed lips sort of long hair in the back just have a lot of fun with the hair he has pretty broad shoulders he has a sort of broad physique broad shoulders as vice president Mike Pence likes to praise yeah basically something like this well use a bit of the color now we'll use one of these fancy alcohol markers just to give a bit of shade to it obviously his hair has a lot of colors people like to play up his sort of phony skin tone as well particularly as it relates to sort of the bags under his eyes which are often rendered in a different color yeah something like that all right let's do President Obama now he has a sort of long elongated sort of head shape he has quite heavy eyebrows and generally people draw him with a sort of happy Pleasant look he's got a pretty distinctive smile that tends to dominate caricatures of him that there he of course also has la mole and he has these big ears that really dominate any cartoons of his face depending on when you want to depict him his hair could be one of many different shades he has a pretty thin physique pretty thin and we kind of build so we'll just give him small shoulders like that and since of course he is the first african-american president let's add a fair bit of color here just some nice shading in and around the face trying to think of how dark I want to make his hair I used to think of him as having quite dark hair but you know like all presidents they age quite rapidly in office and now I think of him as being a relatively greyish man so we'll just sort of get somewhere in between a couple layers of gray but not too much yeah something like this and not too bad a bit more shadow in the ears the ears were pretty pretty big and cavernous yeah something something like this all right and before Obama was George W Bush this is a man who I drew a lot of cartoons of so he's pretty automatic to me he has these big eyebrows little beady eyes and a big sort of upper lip and he of course always had a sort of awkward facial expression which is kind of the big thing to capture with him he had quite big ears as well which people of course played up in a sort of ape-like way he had a pretty thin slim physique as well kind of slumped shoulders his body language in general was a little shrugging a little awkward a little uncomfortable man which was George W Bush we'll just put some color into the eyebrows here and some into the hair as well yeah the big opera whip was always george w bush's thing as well as sort of the puzzled expression he generally wore I think quite light colored suits will give some shadow into the big ears here it's the perplexed expression more than any physical characteristic but I think was george w bush's big thing and before george w bush was Bill Clinton his big thing was this big sort of honk and nose he had he also had quite a mop of hair but the bigger thing was this kind of very broad chin he had and this kind of very tiny mouth in the context of it he was a very large man as well very big shoulders just kind of a broad hefty man he was teased for being sort of overweight we don't think of that as my as one of his characteristics now that he's of course to slimmed down a fair bit in retirement I'll give the nose a lot of color because it was kind of large he had quite pink skin as well a sort of very distinctive complexion he generally wore kind of light suits it was the 90s so it wasn't exactly a great era for for men's fashion maybe a little bit of color in the mouth here something like that if I was coloring him with full color I'd just make his skin pretty much pink yeah just a bit more here or something like that all right and then before Clinton was the old man Bush and the thing about George HW Bush was he was really the only president of modern times to wear glasses which the cartoonists always had a lot of fun with these sort of big spectacles much like his son he kind of often had a awkward sort of facial expression he never quite seemed super comfortable in his own skin he had a long pointy nose kind of big upper lip kind of just this sort of weird awkward old man kind of look to it with this big sort of bony chin he had a very slight build as well that cartoonists often made fun of you know very small shoulders kind of thin and an awkward we'll just put a bit of color in here I love those glasses I just love making these kind of big awkward goggle things on dominating his face it makes him look a lot older a lot more awkward people just really were quite cruel to him as this kind of doddering clumsy old man yeah sort of like that and then before George HW Bush was Ronald Reagan he sort of had a big nose and these little beady kind of eyes his big thing of course that was this big sort of pompadour of black hair he had died they said although he denied it he was kind of an old man you know the oldest president before Trump so he kind of just had a kind of doddering old man look very wrinkly neck that was a big sort of aspect of his character and a big upper lip and you know kind of big ears he had very broad shoulders I don't know if I was the shoulder pads of the 80s that was part of it but always just these large dark suits that he wore of course you know you can go as far as you want in making him as wrinkly and decrepit looking as you want the cartoonists of the time had a lot of fun with his you know sort of wrinkly cavernous face especially the wrinkles in the neck like I said just lots of fun to shade drawing sort of big big holes and wrinkles everywhere in his ears lots of spots to it every day I mean people could be as cruel as they wanted with this kind of stuff yeah we'll just cram in a bit more yeah something like that now Jimmy Carter is an interesting president because there was basically two main ways to draw him you could either draw Jimmy Carter as he was when he was first elected which was this man with this big big smile that was really all anyone would ever draw sometimes they would just draw him as only a smile no other facial features at all you know with nice grinning face you know just a very happy man kind of had a mop of hair wasn't combed in a particular way just happy Jimmy full of the outsider the farm the the peanut farmer from Georgia who was gonna come to Washington and fix everything up after Watergate but then of course after his four years in office things weren't going quite so well and then everybody sort of started throw him in a very different way which was with this big sort of mopey frown with these big lips these kind of like horrible pursed wrinkly chapped lips that were kind of symbolic of how much he had decayed and he would be drawn with a sort of small build a small physique he wasn't I don't think that short of a man but there was kind of this sense that he wasn't up to the job and so they would draw him with like as a man of literally small stature yeah so we'll just add a bit to that these sort of big lips are fun to draw just the kind of the the amount of texture that you've gotten lips is pretty fun and you know just kind of they've depict him in this very craggly awkward sort of way you know all the color taken out of his hair and just kind of a poor sad crumbling man and then before Jimmy Carter was sort of the long-forgotten Gerald Ford who was president for two years after Richard Nixon resigned Gerald Ford was considered this very difficult president to draw in his own time because he had a very sort of boring face he just kind of had a you know he was bald I think now people sort of think of him as being somewhat ape-like but at the time it wasn't really very obvious what his dominant characteristics were he just kind of had a bald head he had a big upper lip a big chin people would sometimes drum with with quite large ears as well I'll just add another one here you know just kind of making him I suppose look a bit more ape-like he was seen as this very sort of stoic Stern boring kind of guy he was a former football player too so he kind of had this big build kind of a very blocky build it was the 70s of course so he would often wear these plaid suits I think he's even wearing a plaid suit in his official presidential portrait but yeah Gerald Ford kind of a boring man boring presidents didn't do much boring caricature I think hopefully it's close enough and in contrast to Gerald Ford there was Richard Nixon who was of course this cartoonist dream everybody drew him in the most over-the-top grotesque way possible he had this long sausage nose these huge heavy eyebrows and these little beady eyes and of course these big sort of voluptuous jowls big pointy ears you know you can sort of imagine what all him talking as you draw it yeah this weird distinctive haircut – very dark hair slicked back and of course because everybody hated Nixon that sort of went into the depictions of him – he was always drawn as this kind of hunchbacked kind of glowering shadowy dark figure which makes him a lot of fun to draw you get to use a lot of dark colors and sort of play up this kind of inner darkness we can do have lots of fun with the shadows as well the cartoonist would often draw him with this sort of unshaven jowls which was a reference to the horrible debate that he did with with John F Kennedy in which he sort of refused to shave or wear any makeup and that kind of haunted him for the rest of his life so we can just draw him as just this man sort of forever lurking in the darkness forever casted sort of forever darkened by these deep dark shadows geez I'm like putting more colour on him than I did on Obama but you know Nixon is this fun guy to draw the caricature of Nixon is sort of almost become this figure independent of the President himself yeah all right and then before Nixon was Lyndon Johnson who is sorry I think a sort of somewhat forgotten president or at least I don't think he's plays as large a role in the public imagination Lyndon Johnson was kind of a weird-looking man he wasn't as distinctive as some of the other presidents he was basically just kind of a craggly old man he had a long sausage nose not unlike Nixon and kind of a long jolly face kind of like Reagan and he had these big years the cartoonists would really sort of go nuts with the ears a lot of the time he was also a very very tall man you know I think he's the second tallest president after Abraham Lincoln would wear dark suits but the thing about him was that he was basically just I don't know he was an old southern politician and his face wasn't particularly distinctive but it was distinctive in the sense that it was sort of this long droopy face with lots of wrinkles and jowls and crags and that kind of thing you know he can much like Reagan he can be a fun guy to to shadow into color just because there's so many little nooks and crannies in his big face to emphasize in color it was that long sort of nose the long chin of his and the long upper lip and then the big ears went a little bit nuts in this drawing I guess just kind of looks like a big mess of fleshy body parts but I suppose that's what a lot of presidents are by the time you become president you're often a relatively old man and you know time has had its way with you and just for fun let's also do JFK because you know he seems like a better one to end on than Lyndon Johnson JFK was considered the handsome presidents so he's a little bit harder to draw but he did have these droopy eyes of course his big grin and then his main feature was his big hairstyle his you know he had a big head of dark hair relatively athletic build strong shoulders but it was the hair really that's the big thing about Kennedy that was the thing that people drew at the time was just add as much color as we can here unlike most presidents you know he wasn't his hair wasn't gray um he became president so there was a lot to play up there the Kennedy was older than he seems to he did have some signs of decay he had bags under his eyes and she knows wrinkles appearing around them and that sort of stuff so I guess playing that up a bit but overall he was a youthful looking man and a handsome looking man which is generally a harder sort of person to caricature than a Lyndon Johnson of Ronald Reagan a Richard Nixon type who have a few more obvious signs of decay so yeah sort of like that so not too bad eh hopefully you enjoyed this slightly different type of video let me know in the comments which one you like the best and let me know if you have any other ideas for a certain group of politicians I could draw maybe more presidents or the Canadian Prime Minister's or the British Prime Minister's or something no matter what country you're talking about the cartoonists there have always found a way to reduce their leaders to just a clump of a few basic facial features think about it the next time you look at a political cartoon or not

10 Obscure Eccentricities of Famous Politicians



How clean, composed, and trustworthy politicians
like for us to think they are. It’s no wonder We The People lap up every
juicy scandal and obsess over every slip up. Sometimes we hope a faux paus by the opposition
will be a key to victory for our party, and reveal what scum the their leader was. Other times we consider it a humanizing, relatable
mistake that all citizens find it in themselves to forgive for the public good, but really
because it’s a mistake made by a member of our party. Then sometimes we learn about sides of certain
politicians that we’re all astounded didn’t sink their careers during campaign season. Both sides are left baffled by how opposition
research didn’t find out this aspect of the politician and spread word far and wide
that they’re unfit for high office, instead of letting them achieve international fame
and fortune. Around the world, in areas both liberal and
conservative, you’ll find politicians in the limelight getting away with this kind
of craziness. 10. David Cameron David Cameron was the Prime Minister of the
United Kingdom from 2010 to 2016. There is a huge amount of controversy surrounding
him since he called for the problematic Brexit Referendum, but this entry isn’t about that. This entry is about his very particular approach
to breakfast. In 2017, Tory MP Jake Berry revealed how he’d
once spent the night at Cameron’s place after a Conservative Party event. The next morning, Berry found a plate with
toast piled high on it and the crust removed, and helped himself. Cameron came down shortly after, and an unusually
intense spat broke out over how Berry shouldn’t have eaten those particular slices of toast
with the crust removed. It seemed that Cameron had a specially designated
toast peeler to help get the day going. That seems a level of decadence quite unlike
a “man of the people” as Cameron styled himself. 9. Kim Jong-il The dictator of North Korea from 1994 to 2011,
there was plenty of time for stories about how oddly he was governing his country. They range from his supposed extreme fear
of flying to being willing to kidnap a South Korean film director and his actress wife
to make propaganda films. One of his more humanizing eccentricities
was his extreme interest in food, according to his former chef Kenji Fujimoto. Not out of some paranoia that he would be
poisoned, but culinary tastes that were far more precise than the average person’s. One chef said that Kim Jong-il was capable
of noticing as little as a few grams of sugar less being used in a banquet batch of sushi. He also was known to personally inspect his
rice. He looked through it grain by grain for size,
shape, and quality. Not that he was just a fussy eater. He enjoyed eating fish that was so fresh that
their tails would still be flopping in his mouth. 8. Beto O’Rourke Beto O’Rourke became famous on the national
stage for coming within two points of defeating Ted Cruz for a US Senate seat in Texas during
the 2018 midterm election, an act considered near unthinkable for such a conservative state. In 2019 he decided to run for president. That same year, it came out that O’Rourke
had written something deeply unnerving when he was a teenager. The piece in question was an internet forum
post from when he was 15-years-old. It was about running down children with his
car because, as he put it in the post, “They were happy, happy to be free from their troubles”
when O’Rourke — or at least his fictional surrogate in the story — felt their happiness
was his by right. Some might consider feeling that sort of irrational
anger and venting it through the medium of fiction a common part of the adolescent experience,
but O’Rourke himself said that the post coming to light might hurt his presidential
aspirations. 7. Dana Rohrabacher A former member of the US House of Representatives
from Orange County, Dana Rohrabacher became notorious for close ties to the Russian government
that lasted for decades, such that in 2012 the FBI identified a special Kremlin code
name for him. But in 2013, something came to light which
makes his ability to get reelected a touch bewildering. In 2010 he had moved into a million-dollar
rental home near the Pacific Coast and wrecked it in a staggering number of ways that seemed
to imply a concerted effort to trash the home he spent more than $3,000 a month on. For example, to quote OC Weekly, “The ceilings
showed smoke damage. Light switches had been cracked. Clumps of hair and remnants of what may have
been balloons or some other rubbery material clogged sinks.” Even worse was how a second story bedroom
“contained a huge, mysterious, lubricant-like stain … that had seeped through thick carpet
and padding to tarnish a hardwood floor … A wooden chair in the back yard had been crushed,
and phone lines were strangely severed.” But the real topper is “… Walls inexplicably
contained odd holes, nail polish, wax and some smelly substance that may have been feces.” After leaving more than $25,800 worth of damage,
Rohrbacher hired a lawyer to sue his landlord for not refunding his deposit promptly enough. 6. Lyndon Johnson Celebrated for his actions regarding civil
rights and condemned for his leadership regarding the Vietnam War, Lyndon Johnson will inspire
controversy for decades to come. Not for nothing was there the 2016 Tony award-winning
production All the Way, starring Bryan Cranston, that dramatized his accomplishments in the
White House. He was by many accounts a mean, manipulative
man who still accomplished much that has had profound influence for decades through careful
compromise. As he put it, “You don’t bring nice to
a knife fight.” One area where Johnson would be a public relations
disaster today would be his curious habit of urinating in public. It did not matter if he was traveling and
people with cameras were around, he would still do it. As reported on PBS in 1998, there were pictures
in private collections of him doing this across Texas, but publication standards at the time
kept them out of the magazines and pretty much saved his career. 5. Winston Churchill The reputation of this two-term Prime Minister
for Great Britain seems like it will always be in flux. In the 1910s he’ll be the architect of the
Gallipoli quagmire. In the 1930s he’ll be out of political office
entirely. Then in the 1940s he’ll see Britain through
its Darkest Hour but lose reelection in 1945. But he’ll be re-elected in 1951, then years
later there will be controversy over how accountable he was for a 1943 famine in Bengal, and so
on, and so on. That he had a very peculiar habit is apparently
beyond dispute. While many men are comfortable with their
bodies, Churchill took it further than most and around very high-ranking company. Numerous attendants and functionaries, such
as his secretary Patrick Kinna and his bodyguard Walter Thompson, report that Churchill was
blase about walking around nude, to the extent he would dictate official documents during
or after baths. One person who got to experience this up close
and personally was Franklin Roosevelt, who evidence shows had multiple encounters with
Churchill while the Prime Minister was nude in the White House. As Churchill was said to have quipped in his
characteristic style during the first of these encounters, “The Prime Minister of Great
Britain has nothing to conceal from the President of the United States.” 4. Mao Tse-tung Some estimates put Mao in the running for
the deadliest leader of a nation in world history. His “Great Leap Forward” agricultural
program being blamed by some with causing forty million Chinese citizens to starve to
death from 1959 to 1961. To be sure, he became chairman of the People’s
Republic of China in 1949 under much more difficult circumstances than many leaders
would ever face (China had just been devastated by the Sino-Japanese War, there was a civil
war shortly after that ended, etc), so such grievous blunders are more understandable
in a country full of desperate people rocked by deadly turmoil. No such excuses can be made for his personal
habits. In the words Dr. Li Zhisui, his personal physician
of twenty-one years, Mao never bothered to wash his hands, face, or the rest of his body. He also never brushed his teeth, thinking
that merely drinking a cup of tea in the morning was sufficient. When Zhisui suggested the Chairman try it,
he rejected the idea saying “a tiger never brushes his teeth.” Pity the poor women that Mao kept as mistresses,
of which there were a good many. About the only solace they had was that their
leader had a personal pool to go swimming in. 3. Calvin Coolidge President for one and a half terms from 1923
to 1928, “Silent” Calvin Coolidge is remembered for not being a particularly active. He announced in advance that he wouldn’t
campaign for a second full term, and even before then was considered an unusually small
government president. After all, the most famous anecdote regarding
him as a person was about a constituent betting that she could make him say three words and
him responding “you lose.” One thing that could apparently get Coolidge
to expend some energy was curtains. In the wake of his attempt to appoint an attorney
general being rejected by the senate, Coolidge removed the cord from the Oval Office anteroom
curtains and started tying it in knots to relieve stress. Other times he would buzz his staff in over
and over and hide behind the curtains when they came in. There are sources that state his preferred
hiding space was actually under his desk. Whichever the truth was, there was clearly
more going on beyond than the taciturn persona conveyed. 2. Joseph Stalin At the risk of courting controversy, Top Tenz’s
official position on Joseph Stalin and his reign over the Soviet Union from 1928 to 1953
is “thumbs down.” If you need a refresher, the reasons why are
outlined here. Unfortunately, unethical men can sometimes
be the most interesting, and in his case there were a number of curious quirks brought on
by his contradictory lack of decorum and extreme paranoia. According to multiple sources, Stalin had
a Lyndon Johnson-esque lack of concern about other people being around when he went to
the bathroom. Simon Montefiore’s biography Stalin: The
Court of the Red Tsar has an anecdote about how once, surrounded by his usual traveling
companions, Stalin went to the bathroom on some railroad tracks. In the memoirs of Nikita Khrushchev, Stalin’s
successor describes how he once saw the man of steel give one of his bodyguards a severe
dressing down for the trespass of not accompanying him into the bathroom. Stalin’s paranoia regarding his other end
went beyond having a single food taster: Everyone who attended one of his dinners was required
to have a sampling of it before the comrade himself would dig in. Khrushchev’s interpretation of this was
it was Stalin’s way of projecting his constant murder fantasies onto everyone else. 1. Richard Nixon On the subject of politicians coping with
extreme paranoia, we’ll be finishing this list with the President of the United States
from 1969 to 1974, ol’ “Tricky” Dick Nixon. His paranoia supposedly was largely a result
of his actions to prolong the Vietnam War for political gain (as President Lyndon Johnson
was aware). However much that act of sabotage truly led
him down the path to resignation, he would fill his time while stewing over his fate
in a decidedly odd way. In the wake of the initial press release of
the Watergate Scandal, Nixon went to Camp David. While there, he began compulsively writing
fantasy versions of what he felt would be the best baseball teams of all-time. The players came from different time periods
and leagues as he saw fit. (So basically, in essence, he created an early
version of WhatIfSports?) Sports seemed to be one of Nixon’s true
joys in life. In 1968 he had Hunter S. Thompson accompany
him on his ride through New Hampshire pretty much exclusively because Thompson was the
only available journalist who knew anything about football. Thompson was someone who said of the president
that he had “serious doubts he could pass for human.”

Opinion | Trump's impeachment would be a constitutional, not a political, question



-Impeachment is
a political question, though, not a legal one. -It is by design an inherently
political process. -Impeachment is sort of the
atomic bomb of political tools. -This has become the soundtrack
of our age, that the decision to impeach
is political, not legal, not moral,
not constitutional. Don't listen to this drumbeat. If you hear someone say
impeachment is a political question,
don't buy it. The framers of the Constitution
certainly didn't. See, the Constitution
is a legal document, and impeachment is
a constitutional mechanism. Therefore, impeachment
is a legal mechanism. It was designed by the framers
to permit the republic to hold the president
accountable for wrongdoing while in office. -Then it's time for new leadership for the United States
of America. -Yes, members of Congress,
politicians, must judge whether a president's
actions are treason, bribery, or other high crimes
and misdemeanors. -President Clinton
has been impeached. -But the Senate makes
its judgment on oath and under the presiding
authority of the chief justice of the Supreme Court. -The Senate adjudges
that the respondent, William Jefferson Clinton,
president of the United States, is not guilty as charged in the
second article of impeachment. -The view that everything
is just politics reduces the world to the cynical
pursuit of power over others. -If we don't get what we want
one way or the other, whether it's through you,
through a military, through anything
you want to call, I will shut down the government. -Okay, absolutely.
-This tactic will never build a healthy, prosperous society. The framers of the Constitution
created impeachment as a legal mechanism
to pursue the common good. That's how we should think
about it, not as a political tool
to serve one party's interest. -Essentially impeachment
is a political process. -Impeachment's
a political process. -Yeah, it's political,
but, you know, it's supposed to be high crimes
and misdemeanors. -Otherwise, we'll let this
insidious soundtrack corrupt us, too.

How Many Millions They Spend To Become Presidents



if you ever had the desire to run for president of the United States you have to be politically savvy have the endurance of an ox and a strong desire to reach a lofty goal oh and one more thing you need a lot of money to get into the race to even get a remote chance for a four-year term in the White House how much do you need well that's the topic of this video while you deal with all those dollar signs dancing around your head make sure to LIKE this video subscribe to the richest and join our notification squad now how much it costs to be President first it's quite a big deal to become president you'll likely have schools and bridges named after you when you're done reside in the cushy confines of the White House get unlimited access to Air Force one and have extensive security detail at your disposal you'll also earn an annual take-home pay of around four hundred thousand dollars with that salary you won't even get near the list of CEOs in the fortune 500 list but if you want to make a difference in the country and the world at large being a US president is a pretty good spot to be in and to get into the electoral race all you need just to appear on the ballot is five thousand dollars to be registered with the Federal Election Commission but to win that's another thing entirely you can go at it alone if you want which is what Ralph Nader did essentially in year 2000 although technically he was running for the Green Party running on a budget of 4.6 million he wound up with only 0.3 percent of a national vote nope what you need is to run to be nominated and selected by either of the two major parties in the US the Democrats and the Republicans but just to win a party nomination which puts you in the driver's seat to run for president is an extensive proposition you'll need ten million dollars to cover start-up costs such as a campaign office a dedicated staff a travel and hotel budget and all that electronic equipment for polling and communications all that will come in handy when you get into the primaries and to even getting a hope for the party nomination you're locked in for at least 50 million so you get the nomination at the party convention and you now have that Oval Office in your sights now what well in a phrase more cash and a lot of it because from this point forward you'll be needing more office space more office staff and a much larger travel itinerary how else are you going to ensure that you shake the hand of every person you think will vote for you or chair you want all those rallies and let's add in media interviews presidential debates drop-ins at schools and offices and all those TV radio and online ads your crew has to put together how do all those costs add up the best example is to look back at the financial reports from Barack Obama's second successful run at the White House which still ranks is the most expensive successful presidential campaign in US history first Obama had administrative costs to cover like office rent and utilities expenses data collecting accounting services and legal fees the total to run those offices ballpark is around 109 million and since he has to pay staff a lot of them involved in polling another research keeping them fed wasn't cheap either total costs of those expenses 98.3 million since it takes money to make money Obama had to pay fundraisers and their cost for fattening the war chest total fundraising costs close to a hundred and seventy nine point two million the most expensive series of expenditures was in media from TV radio and magazine ads to everything Obama needed to elevate his profile total costs of getting his face out there say cheese at seven hundred and sixty three point five million Obama's campaign accountants also alum two areas of expenditures together one was dedicated to strategy research and polling the other consisted of transfer payments to the Democratic Party as well as fellow party colleagues running for other offices during the 2012 election the total figure derived from the two activities amounted to a hundred and 5.6 million also coming out of warchest coffers were campaign expenses such as costs of holding campaign events printing and mailing then there were political contributions to fellow Democrats and committees in their own electoral races the fuzzy figure we came up with was roughly fifty 1.7 million according to reports made public by the Federal Election Commission in 2013 it cost Obama more than 1.3 billion to run his second presidential campaign and factoring in inflation that's more than four times the expenditures going back to 1960 when John Kennedy and Richard Nixon battled each other for presidency each candidate spends slightly more than 300 million in their campaigns but sometimes having the bigger bolt in a presidential campaign doesn't guarantee a win Nixon for example spent more than Kennedy in his losing cause yet the bigger surprise was in 2016 when Hillary Clinton heavily favored to become America's first female president was upstaged by billionaire outsider Donald Trump in what was one of the biggest upsets in US history Clinton spent roughly nine hundred and sixty nine million dollars in her bid for America's most powerful office almost twice that of Trump who had his efforts bankrolled with about 531 million dollars the big difference was in advertising where Clinton poured money in heavily shrunk on the other hand did very little advertising preferring social media as the biggest carrier of his message and he also used his own private jet to travel which didn't figure into campaign expenditures even though cash is a huge factor in winning a federal election there's plenty of evidence to suggest that money isn't everything now that you know what it takes to bankroll a war chest big enough to grab the most powerful office in the land has any of this information enticed you to run for president share your thoughts with us in the comments below thanks for watching and don't forget to subscribe you you

What Life Is Like As An Ex-President



there is nothing more pathetic in life than a former president these words and variations of them authored by former President John Quincy Adams show up in just about every major article on the subject but if you pay any attention to the news you'll see that's probably not the case today we're exploring what life is really like for an ex-president before we get started we have an executive order for you to subscribe to the channel and let us know who your favorite president is ladies and gentlemen the ex presidents of the United States even if you were young and vigorous before your presidency by now you feel like you're in danger of collapsing into a pile of dust the stress that transforms a president is a force of nature lucky for you there's really no need to recover from it to survive thanks to the 1958 former presidents at the US pays ex presidents a lifetime pension in 1958 it was $25,000 a year which works out to about two hundred eighteen thousand dollars a year in 2019 money today they actually get a little less the pension of an ex-president with a clean discharge from office is based on the salary of an active cabinet member two hundred and ten thousand seven hundred dollars a healthy sum especially compared with what the widow of an ex-president gets a paltry 20 grand now check this out those who make let's say less glorious exit from office Tricky Dick Nixon for example still have a shot at that fat pension but only if they quit before they could be a peach for the crimes provided they do resign in time they'll still get two hundred and ten thousand seven hundred dollars every year until they die which won't be for some time if they put their free healthcare and paid travel to good use doesn't matter what they did or didn't do to lose their job because their new job is to save face and Uncle Sam is happy to let taxpayers foot the bill bless his tiny little beard it's not all endless money and rainbow golf at Camp David being president means you never ever ever get to be alone ever ever again not even when you're done being president 2012 saw the passage of a law reversing 1994's 10 year limit on Secret Service protection for former presidents as of 2013 the Secret Service is tasked with watching over every ex president until death do them part as with the pension this protection does not extend to the family the children are inexplicably left on their own after they hit 16 and you know begin driving places on their own for the first time in their lives out in public on escorted bearing the surname of someone who still merits an armed guard at 91st ladies are punished with the removal of all rights to protection should they divorce and remarry regardless of how much the general public hates them or how their presidential partner treated them this is the very definition of a catch-22 shall we count the number of presidential divorcees no bad luck millennia you're stuck with him although there is that 20 grand to look forward to what with the pension the elite security detail and more things that seem just a little unfair in this economy or any other a library of your own is a luxury this country can ill afford right actually this one makes more sense than the rest but it requires a bit of background FDR known for applying a variable alphabet soup to reforms to American law books arranged for a library / museum to archive as many many many records we at weird history have benefitted quite a lot from that tradition thanks Frank public officials used to dump their old correspondences and junk into boxes and shove them into attics like good sane people this deviation and the normal scene on the part of politicians is a real heartbreaker for historians George Washington's nephew reported that his uncle's papers were very extensively mutilated by rats and otherwise injured by damn the world may never know what weird history was lost President Truman spent a great deal of time maintaining his library after departing the Oval Office which was a very decent thing to do considering how much time and effort those places demand there's a very good incentive on the part of the president his notes in good order as we'll see next let's face it it takes a very special kind of person to not only envision him or herself as commander-in-chief of a nation over 300 million strong decide to go through with it campaign for office win that office and stay in that office for four to eight years without getting into serious trouble most of us are not that person a lot of us would like to know what it's like to be that person decision points george w bush's book sold 1.5 million copies and earned him seven million dollars bill clinton got a fifteen million dollar advance for his book my life which sold over two and a quarter million copies and won a grammy in its audiobook form narrated by clinton himself by 2017 the Obamas had already received 65 million dollars in advances for their books Jimmy Carter and true Jimmy Carter fashion wrote not one or two but fourteen books whose flat broke when he got out of office according to historian James Thurber have you been all judgy about X presidents and their ranches hold your horses for a minute you'd probably run off to live like a cowboy too if the government took your car keys when your term is up your driving days are done unless you have say a big ranch out in the country where you can make some rooster tails and doughnuts in the backyard until your heart gives out if you're wondering how X prezi's get around off private property look no further than the guys and the happy snappy black suits that's right the Secret Service doesn't just hang around waiting for bad guys they also become your private armed chauffeurs for the rest of your life too bad no one told poor old Joe Biden that there are a lot of reasons to run for president he said in typical Biden fashion but there's one overwhelming reason not to run for president I'd like to get that poor vet zo6 from zero to sixty at three point four seconds Oh Joe someone has to tell him anyway we're really very ok with this rule keep those presidents vice or otherwise off our streets at 77 the current model is already too dotty to drive as it is this one's a no-brainer obviously a guy who spent the better part of the last decade getting death threats is not going to check his own mail especially when he's no longer sitting on four floors of the White House which brings us back to the men in black they drive they sort mail they do everything that for an average Joe as opposed to a Biden Joe is routine but never confuse routine for boring in this field the Secret Service has intercepted pipe bombs meant for the Clintons the Obamas and other big figures in recent years at the off-site facilities used to sort the X presidential mail a statement from the Secret Service made October 24th 2018 concerning the mail the packages were immediately identified during routine mail screening procedures as potential explosive devices and were appropriately handled as such both packages were intercepted prior to being delivered to their intended location in the olden days before 1958 when a man could do a day's work for a day's pay president's left the White House with whatever they had when they moved in no fat pension no guaranteed book advance deals just a suit and the best resume America can give and some of them used it we mentioned before that Harry Truman put in a lot of hours at his own library in Independence Missouri but we didn't tell you was that he had an office there where he worked for 19 years he'd had enough excitement for one lifetime it's not a shocker that he'd spent the rest of his life working in a library Grover Cleveland not having bombed even one country during his non-consecutive presidential terms decided to play chicken with a stock market George Washington turned down an opportunity to be dictator for life and set himself up in style opening a whiskey distillery at Mount Vernon maybe that's how his papers got all soggy life is strange for next president after the most incredible power trip available is over you have to go and live in a bubble for the rest of your days surrounded by people who won't let you drive open your own mail go anywhere on your own or say whatever you want on Twitter not a lot of people can relate to that only other ex-presidents really so it comes as no surprise that many former commander and chiefs and their former first families are friendly with one another even if they come from different parties George W Bush for example preferred to Bill Clinton as his brother from another mother in 2017 on top of the pension the healthcare bodyguards and paid official travel the government reserves an annual hundred and fifty thousand dollar budget for an ex-president to spend on their staff for the first 30 months that's two and a half years of their retirement after which they kick in ninety six thousand dollars a year because apparently they need that too if that was an excessive enough every office space is comped courtesy of us the taxpayers judging by the current president's preferences and predilections we can reasonably expect the furnishings and staff of his future office to be a solid-gold fountain filled with blondes former presidents can and often do choose to have a state funeral all well and good it says nice of funeral as anyone could ask for five whole days of aircraft flyovers gunfire salutes and parades and of course flags remain lowered across the country even if we didn't like you a lot to plan for and the prezi spend an extraordinary amount of time doing the planning for Richard Nixon it was a chance to die with dignity he chose to opt out and be buried quietly in his library as befits a disgraced ex-president who continued to draw a tax funded paycheck until his death not bad dick not bad considering how much of their job is talking it seems a little incredible that a present can do the bulk of his speech making after the job is done but it's true many speeches given by those who have held that high office are given outside that office take Bill Clinton he earned a whopping 104 point nine million dollars from 542 speeches between January 2001 in January 2013 I've never had any money until I got out of the White House he told Wolf Blitzer in 2010 but I've done reasonably well since then the former presidents act is added again we've touched on the travel budget and now we'll tell you just how things stand buckle up each and every ex-president is entitled to up to $1,000,000 in security and travel expenses each dadgum year with an additional half mil for his spouse the only catch is barely even a catch they must be traveling as officials of the United States government and the stipulation came ten years after the FPA was put into effect you've ruled the first world country for the last four to eight years of your life and you come to the question what next where do you go from the top and if you are unpopular is there a chance to make people like you again philanthropy the Nobel Prize that's the golden ticket to immortality the eternal love of the people and a better tomorrow or it backfires horribly and turns into just more politics and a lot of comedy sketches as Al Gore might be able to tell you Jimmy Carter founded the Carter Center to protect election integrity and democratic nations mediate diplomatic disputes fight disease and other awesome things or this he justifiably won the 2002 Nobel Prize Michael Duffy co-author of the president's Club said of Carters philanthropic work he's made it difficult for absolutely everyone who's come after him because who can keep up who indeed who's even trying except Michelle Obama if there's one thing we've learned today it's that an ex-presidents life follows him after the choices he made it's perhaps not surprising that when Harry Truman left the White House he went straight to his mother-in-law's and dear sweet gentle Jimmy Carter got a sensible 2-bedroom house in Georgia Ronald Reagan on the other hand returned to a 7,000 square foot Bel Air mansion the Obamas and Clinton settled down and some lavish lodgings as well Healthcare is a bit more confusing Jimmy Carter gets his health benefits from Emory College where he was once a teacher because he wasn't a government employee for the minimum of five years requisite to gain healthcare benefits but the bloated budget of the FPA allows for health care what gives its health care so of course is got to be archaic all former presidents and their spouses widows and children under 18 are entitled to treatment in military hospitals free of charge they can also enroll in private health insurance plans at their own expense if they want more than the occasional motrin and they can afford it ex presidents are getting wealthier between the pension the speeches the books and the little odds and ends we didn't have time to deal with and the only way to live and struggle like regular folk is to choose to do so Jimmy certainly did and we hope he gets a little more love for it because it was one heck of a choice to make so what do you think of a next presidents post presidential life let us know in our comments below and while you're at it check out some of these other videos from our weird history