Could AI ever replace government? | BBC Ideas

Here’s a thought experiment… could artificial intelligence
govern us? Populism and disinformation are on
the rise, and politics across the world seems to be dominated by
emotions and strongman personalities. Leaders often seem to be more
interested in short-term political gains, then the long-term
needs of their electorate. But could machines do a better job? Imagine a world where decisions
are made based on impartial facts and data. Where the decision makers are
unconcerned by scandals, immune to corruption and have
no vested interest in maintaining their popularity. A world where climate change
is a more pressing issue than the results of the
latest focus group. And where global leaders don’t risk
instigating World War Three, by ranting on Twitter at 02:00AM. In fact, scientists believe there are
no plausible circumstances in which machines would or could,
replace governments entirely. While a machine might be able to make
incredibly complex calculations, it would have no objective concept
of right and wrong, no definitive way of deciding
what’s best. For example, it might be able to
objectively analyse the financial cost of keeping someone alive
through medical treatment, but it cannot quantify whether
the human life is worth that cost. And while you could argue our current
politicians may not be subject to enough accountability, it would be impossible to hold a
machine accountable for its mistakes. After all, what do you do
when a machine misbehaves? Tell its motherboard? It’s not quite the Terminator,
but perhaps the biggest risk in the medium term, is the use of
lethal automated weapons. While there is currently human
oversight, if drones were ever authorised to make life or death
decisions, one mistake could trigger an automatic reaction
and cause an accidental flash war. Which frankly sounds a tad more
terrifying than Arnie stealing your clothes, boots and motorcycle. As hard as it might be to believe,
technology which surpasses human intelligence is decades
if not centuries away. But even if it existed, scientists
argue that it would be no more useful in government than the world’s
most intelligent human. Instead, it is far more likely that
the use of artificial intelligence in government will continue
on its current trajectory. As an aid in decision making,
with humans having ultimate power. AI is already being used to assist in
deciding who gets grants or benefits, in healthcare and policing. But think of it like VAR, with a
human being acting as the referee. Of course as machines are programmed
by humans and their conclusions used to support human decisions,
they can be susceptible to human bias, and their findings
can be used selectively. Machines learn from data, which is
gathered from the world we live in, as opposed to the world
we’d like to live in. In places like the US, where African-Americans are often
disproportionately and, in some cases, lethally targeted
by the police, predictive policing could interpret
existing data, to potentially perpetuate
those discriminatory patterns. Sadly, it would seem that machine
learning is no more equipped than human beings to make
big ethical calls. AI would not be an infallible
replacement for flawed human beings. How we use AI to govern, whether or not it is manipulated
or how mistakes are made, are all down to human
beings themselves. In short, AI is much more human
than we ever realised. Which is perhaps
the scariest notion of all. Thanks for watching. Don’t forget to subscribe and click the bell to receive notifications for new videos. See you again soon!

I Broke Dumb Laws In Front Of Police

Is this like an anti-establishment thing or something? Britain is an old-fashioned, weird place. Every November, we burn a wooden effigy of a dude who tried to burn down Parliament hundreds of years ago. We turn people we like into Knights. However, the most ridiculous thing that we have is our laws If you wear a suit of armour in Parliament, they’re legally allowed to cut your head off This is ridiculous. That’s not the only dumb British law We’ve got tons of them, and I don’t even know if anyone takes these things seriously. So today I’m going to test that and try and break as many ancient British laws as possible in one day in front of policemen and hope that I don’t get arrested. Do you think that this is a suspicious fish?
– oh definitely You know, there’s a law where it’s illegal to handle a salmon suspiciously. I’ve got the salmon now I have to act suspiciously with it. He’s checking if his car’s locked. That’s how fucking creepy I look. – What’ve you got a fish for?
– Does it look suspicious to you? It doesn’t look suspicious but it looks interesting. It’s not suspicious? Alright I’ll I try harder to be more suspicious. The fuck is that?! Ladies and gentlemen, Would you like to see a man walking past with a fish? Pointless You don’t know if there’s a library nearby do you? Apparently, it’s illegal to gamble in a library. So me, stinking of salmon I’m gonna go and try and make someone bet with me in this library and break that law. ‘Scuse me, Do either of you gamble? Yes, gamble, like Blackjack. We don’t have to play for money if you don’t want to I’ve got a Sashimi-quality fish. ‘Scuse me, I’ve got a great game of Blackjack Sorry if I smell. How come you’re doing this? I’m trying to break as many ancient laws as I can in a day. You going again? Oof, bust. 10p for me. I was gambling in a library! I’m gonna walk right into that building there in a suit of armour. Something that apparently you’re supposed to get your head cut off for. – Hi there
– Is it a public gallery? Yes! Um, not sure… if the armour-
– you haven’t got a real sword have you? No, it’s plastic. Sorry, this has never happened! Have a look at the sign, make sure you don’t have any of these.
– I definitely don’t have any of those Why are you dressed as a knight? I’ve just been filming around the corner doing a kids TV thing. – Okay
– Amazing! I just went into Parliament wearing a suit of armour and I still have a head. Right, next one. You can’t shake out a dirty rug in public and also can’t wear an outrageous double ruff or be be sock-less within a hundred yards of the Queen Just shaking the rug Alright wearing a double ruff, being sock-less Is this like an anti-establishment thing or something? Are you filming now? There’s a law against singing a lewd ballad in public. I’m pretty sure Tony Blair lives around here. I’ll try and do a bit of improv. Just gonna sing a song – I’ve written a little song, if that’s okay? If you do it on the other side of the road, yeah. Okay Tony, Tony How are you today? Tony boy Tony, please come out and play You look like a marshmallow Our eyes meet over the piano. Oh I’d love to nestle my head on your Fluffy chest Tony boy, Tony come out and play Well I sang about hooking up with Tony Blair to his window. I guess that’s lewd – that’s another law broken another off the list So stupid I’ve never been to Downing Street before 10 Downing Street: residence of the Prime Minister

The Third Industrial Revolution: A Radical New Sharing Economy

“The value of information does not survive the moment
in which it was new. It lives only at that moment; it has to surrender to it
completely and explain itself to it
without losing any time.” “A story is different.
It does not expend itself. It preserves and
concentrates its strength and is capable of releasing it
even after a long time.” — Walter Benjamin Vice Documentary Films
IMPACT PRESENT THE THIRD INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION A RADICAL NEW SHARING ECONOMY The global economy is in crisis. Economists warn that we face
another 20 years of declining productivity,
slow growth, steep unemployment and increasing inequality. The economic downturn is fueling
growing discontent toward governing institutions and spawning
extreme political movements around the world. And now, after 200 years
of industrial activity, scientists report that
climate change is ravaging the planet,
taking us into the sixth mass extinction
of life on Earth. Where do we go from here? Jeremy Rifkin is
an economic and social theorist and the author of
over 20 books including “The Zero Marginal Cast Society,”
“The Third Industrial Revolution,” and “The Empathic Civilization.” He is an advisor
to the European Union and The People’s Republic of China, and a principal architect of their
Third Industrial Revolution plans. Let me start on a very somber note. I hope it will end up being
a liberating reflection. You’ll have to judge. GDP is slowing
all over the world everywhere. And the reason is productivity
has been declining for twenty years
all over the world. The result: Unemployment
is very high everywhere. And nowhere is it
more pronounced than among the Millennial Generation
coming into the workforce. Our economists tell us
that we can look forward to slow productivity and slow growth
for the next 20 years. And let me do the math for you: At the end of two
industrial revolutions in the 19th and 20th century,
here’s the equation: We have to admit that
half the human race is far better off today than our ancestors were before
we began this industrial experiment. Granted? Also we need to acknowledge
that 40% of the human race are making $2 a day or less. And arguably they are worse off than their ancestors were before
the Industrial experiment. And the final equation: The industrial era, while
it’s benefited half the human race in detriment to
the other half of the human race, the well-off, the
very wealthy have done quite well. Today, the 62 wealthiest
human beings in the world —we could put them in this
little section of the room. The 62 wealthiest human beings
in the world today their combined wealth
equals the accumulated wealth of one half the human population
living on Earth. Three and a half billion people. There’s something
really dysfunctional about the way
the human family is organizing its economic relationships
on this Earth. It’s clear we’re in a long-term
structural economic crisis at the end of the
2nd Industrial Revolution. But now this industrial air
has given rise to a much more profound crisis
—an environmental crisis. We have spewed
massive amounts of CO₂ and methane and nitrous oxide
into the atmosphere of this planet to create this
industrial way of life. And now we have so much CO₂, methane and nitrous oxide
in the atmosphere that is blocking the sun’s heat
from getting off the Earth. We are in real time climate change. This is no longer a theory. This is no longer
looming on the horizon. This is no longer imminent. Climate change is now
at the house, in the door. What’s terrifying
about climate change —and unfortunately
it’s never explained, because if it were explained, our human family would be
justifiably terrified and motivated and driven
to begin to transform this planet. Climate change changes
the water cycles of the Earth. That’s what this is all about.
It’s never explained. We’re the watery planet. Our satellite probes
go to other planets and what’s the first thing
we look for? Water. No water? Not interested! Recently they discovered what
they think is dirty water on Mars and everybody is thrilled. Our ecosystems on Earth have
developed over millions of years based on the water cycles, the cloud cycles that
traverse them across the Earth. For every one degree that the
temperature of the planet goes up because of industrial induced
CO₂ emissions— For every one degree that the
temperature goes up on this planet, the atmosphere is
actually sucking up 7% more precipitation
from the ground. The heat is forcing
the precipitation into the clouds, so we’re getting
more concentrated precipitation, more violent water events,
but they’re more infrequent, throwing the entire water cycle
of the Earth off kilter. More blockbuster winter snows. Eight feet in Boston
at last season? My gosh! More dramatic spring floods —that flood in the Carolinas,
remember? They said this flood only will
occur once every thousand years. It’s the new normal. More prolonged summer droughts. My wife and I were in
British Columbia and we’re coming into Vancouver. The pilot says, “We have
some smoke coming in.” I turned to my wife and I said,
“You mean smog?” No, he meant smoke. Wildfires from
British Columbia to California. Summer droughts and wildfire. We have Category 3, 4, and 5
hurricanes now —so dramatic that
they’re destroying infrastructure and killing people
all over the world. That hurricane that
hit the Philippines— This was the most
powerful hurricane ever recorded. This is the new normal. What I’m saying here
is that climate change is dramatically changing
the water cycles. They’re out an exponential curve. This is absolutely frightening. It’s terrifying. And, if you are a young millennial
about to start a family— If you’re a parent here
or a grandparent. I want you to listen to this. Our scientists now tell us
that we are in the sixth extinction event of life on Earth. It doesn’t even make the headlines. This is the most dramatic story
a human family has ever faced. There have been five
mass extinction events on Earth in 450 million years. And each time the chemistry
of the planet shifts very quickly —there’s what we call
a turning point— and massive die out. And after the massive die out of life, it takes upwards of 10 million years to get new life back on Earth. Our scientists now tell us we are
in the sixth extinction event This is not a model—
we’re chronicling it in real time. And what they’re saying is that
over the next seven decades —and many of you will
be around for a lot of that, and your children will
—in the next seven decades we could lose over half
the species of life that now inhabits this
little oasis in the universe. As my wife says,
we just are not grasping the enormity of this moment. We might acknowledge
climate change, but we’re going on
as business as usual, with a little green washing. 99.5% of all the species
that ever been on this planet have come and gone.
Those are not good odds. And what’s interesting is,
human beings— We’re the actual youngest species,
we’re the babies. Anatomically modern humans have
only been here about 200,000 years. There’s no guarantee
we’re gonna make this. And the new studies
that have just come out they’re even more terrifying
because they’re seeing the freshwater melts in the Arctic, now
in Greenland and now in Antarctica much quicker than we expected
changing the ocean currents. And they’re talking about storms that are beyond
anything we can imagine, that we’ve ever seen in human history
by the end of this century. Talking about
the major coastal cities, where much of our
urban population is, underwater. This is not a century from now. This is in the lifetime of
many young people who are four and five now
and will be my age when we’re in full steam
into this new era, this abyss. So what do we do? We need a new
economic vision for the world. It has to be compelling. We needed a game plan
to deploy that vision and it needs to be quick. It needs to move as quickly
in the developing countries as in the industrialized nations. If we have any chance of arresting
the worst of this climate change we’re gonna have to be off carbon
in four decades everywhere. This is beyond anything we’re
talking about at global conferences. How do we begin to tackle
something of this magnitude? We need to step back and reflect on how the great economic
paradigm shifts in history occur. If we know how they occur, we’re gonna get a road map here
in this room and around the world, and we’re gonna get a compass that
allow us to navigate a new journey to completely transform the way
we handle life on Earth. CHAPTER ONE: The Great
Economic Revolutions in History There have been at least seven major economic paradigm shifts
in history, and they’re very interesting
anthropologically because they share a common denominator. And that is at
a certain moment of time three technologies emerge
and converge to create what we call
in engineering a general-purpose
technology platform. That’s a fancy way of saying
“a new infrastructure.” It fundamentally changes the way we manage power
and move economic life. What are those three technologies? First, new
communication technologies to allow us to more efficiently
manage our economic activity. Second, new sources of energy to allow us to more efficiently
power our economic activity. And third, new modes of mobility
—transportation logistics— to allow us to more efficiently
move the economic activity. So when communication revolutions
join with new energy regimes, and new modes of transportation it does change the way we manage
power and move economic life. It changes
temporal spatial orientation. It changes our habitats. It allows us to integrate
in larger units. It actually even changes
consciousness and governance. Let me give you two examples: First Industrial Revolution,
19th century. Second Industrial Revolution,
20th century. The Brits took us into
the first Industrial Revolution. And first there was
a communication revolution. They invented
steam-powered printing. No more manual print presses. Steam power printing
was a big leap forward, because it allowed us to mass
produce very cheap print quickly. Then, in the
second half of the 19th century, the Brits lay out a telegraph
system across the British Isles. Steam power printing and the telegraph: those communication technologies
then converged with a completely new source of energy
in Britain called coal. But how are they gonna
take that coal and harvest it? They invented the steam engine. Then this is ingenious: They figured out that they should
put the steam engine on rails, for locomotives,
national transport and logistics. Urban life,
the Industrial Revolution, steam power. Second Industrial Revolution:
the United States. Centralized electricity and especially the telephone. I know we think
the Internet’s a big deal, but a telephone
was a really big deal. All of a sudden,
people could communicate at vast distances
at the speed of light. Later, radio and television. These communication technologies converge in the United States with
a completely new energy source. Cheap Texas oil. Then, Henry Ford
put everybody on the road with cars, buses, and trucks. Second Industrial Revolution changed the way we manage power
and move economic life. That second Industrial Revolution
took us through the 20th century. It took the whole world
through the 20th century. And it peaked in July 2008. Hi! Welcome back to the show here:
Oil! Oil! Oil! To $147 we went— Remember that month? In that month, Brent crude oil had a record price of $147 dollars
on world markets and, when it hit that record price, the whole global economy shut down. Silence. Completely gone. That was the economic earthquake. The collapse of the
financial markets 60 days later was the aftershock. Mayhem, carnage, and bloodbath. Call it what you want,
but what we saw on global stock markets today
was ill-disguised panic. Good evening.
This was the day after what may someday be called
Black Monday on Wall Street because it was perhaps
the worst financial collapse since the Great Depression. Our policy leaders are
still dealing with the aftershock, not the Earthquake. Why was it the Earthquake? Because the entire
Industrial Revolution that we’ve gone through is all dependent on
the carbon deposits of a previous period in history. You know, if we look back
let’s say that we make it through this
next period of history. I always wonder what will
future generations think of us, maybe in a
hundred thousand years from now. They’ll say,
“Oh, yes, we remember them.” “There was
the Bronze Age, the Iron Age.” “These were
the fossil fuel people.” “They dug up the burial grounds
of the Carboniferous era and created a short-lived dramatic
and very dangerous civilization.” It’s all about fossil fuels. Our fertilizers and pesticides
are made out of fossil fuels. Our construction materials
are made out of fossil fuels. Most of our pharmaceutical products
are made out of fossil fuels. Our synthetic fiber, our power, our transport, our heating lights— all made out of,
moved by fossil fuels. When the price of oil
goes over around $95 a barrel, all the other prices go up. When we get into the zone of
around $115 a barrel, prices become so high,
the purchasing power slows. This is the sunset
of a great industrial era. Now you remember in 2009
oil went down to 50 a barrel, because the economy had shut down. There was no activity. In 2010, we tried
to regrow inventories, so oil prices started to go up
all the other prices go up. In 2014 we hit a new peak of
$114 or $115 a barrel. Purchasing power slowed down again. This is a convulsion of
growth-shutdown, growth-shutdown. And the only reason oil went down in the last few years
to $30 a barrel is now the fossil fuel industry
is fighting among themselves. In the sunset. OPEC said, “We’re gonna keep
the oil spigot open.” “We’re gonna
flood the world with oil.” “And that’s gonna take
the price down the $30 a barrel and wipe out our new competitors,
the more exotic fossil fuels: shale gas in the US,
tar sands in Canada.” Guess what? They wiped them out
—only took a year and a half. Bankruptcies across the USA
in the shale gas industry. And now tar sands in Canada. The pipeline’s not happening. And do you hear anybody talking
about energy independent right now? It’s over! And, as soon as the
bankruptcies complete themselves, the oil prices are now
starting to go back up. But now we have failed states
where there’s oil production. We have failed States. So this is a volatile,
convulsive sunset over the next 40 to 50 years
—an unstable world. Where do we head from here? Let me share an anecdote. When Angela Merkel became
Chancellor of Germany, she asked me to come to Berlin in the first couple of weeks
of her new government to help her address
the question of how to grow the German economy
on her watch. Now, remember:
In terms of per capita Germany’s the most robust capitalist
market economy in the world. When I got to Berlin, the first question I asked
the new chancellor— I said, “Madam Chancellor how are
you gonna grow the German economy when your businesses are plugged in
to a platform, an infrastructure of centralized telecommunication, fossil fuel nuclear power, internal combustion,
road rail water, and air transport —and that infrastructure
peaked in its productivity, in Germany, years ago? CHAPTER TWO:
The Science of Productivity. Let me talk about productivity. This is crucial. Our economists are lamenting. They’re asking, “Why’s productivity
been declining for 20 years?” “We have all these new killer products
coming out of Silicon Valley.” “Why is productivity declining?” I’m gonna share with you
a dirty little secret in economics that economists
don’t like to talk about. We used to believe that
there are two factors that drive productivity
in standard economic theory: Better machines and
better performing workers. But when Robert Solow
won the Nobel Prize for economic growth theory
in the mid-1980s, he actually let
the little secret out. He said,
“We’ve got a problem here.” When we trace every single year of
the Industrial Revolution these two factors
—better machines, better workers— it only accounts for about
14% of the productivity. So Robert Solow
asked the big question: “Where does the other
86% of productivity come from?” Don’t know. Moses Abramowitz,
the former head of the American Economic Association said, “This is a measure of our ignorance.” Now wouldn’t you think
economists would know where productivity comes from, because that’s the basis
of the discipline? Here’s why they don’t know. When classical economic theory
was penned in the late seventeen hundreds, the Vogue was Newton’s physics. Newton was the big guy in town. Everybody wanted to use
Newton’s metaphor so they could be more scientific because he had discovered the laws
that run the universe—supposedly. The economists also fell in line. For example, you know Newton’s law: “For every action there’s
an equal and opposite reaction.” Adam Smith borrowed that metaphor for his invisible hand
of supply and demand. “For every action on the supply side there’s an equal and opposite
reaction on the demand side.” Newton’s law: “A body in motion
stays in motion unless disrupted.” Baptiste Say borrowed that metaphor
—the French economist. And he suggested that,
“Well supply will stimulate demand, which will generate supply,
which will stimulate demand —unless disrupted.” All of our economic theory, if
you go back and take a look at it— it’s all based on Newton’s
metaphors in physics. There’s only one problem with this: Newton’s physics has absolutely
nothing to do with economics. Nothing. Nothing. economics is governed by the
same laws that govern the universe, the solar system,
the biosphere on Earth, and every single thing you and I
do in our economic life while we’re here on this planet. Here are the two laws that govern
everything in the universe, including our economy. The first law of Energy says: “All the energy in the universe
is constant.” “Since the Big Bang,
no new energy has been created.” “No energy has been destroyed
since the Big Bang.” That’s the conservation law. The second law of energy
says that’s true that the energy isn’t created
or destroyed, but it always changes form,
but only in one direction. From concentrated—the Big Bang—
to dispersed through the galaxies. From hot to cooled off
through the galaxies. From order to disorder.
From available to unavailable. Entropy is a measure of the
energy that’s still there, but not available to do useful work. There are three systems that
we can talk about in thermodynamics: an open system that exchanges matter
and energy with the outside world; a closed system, which exchanges
energy with the outside world, but does an exchange matter; and an isolated system, which
doesn’t exchange matter or energy with the outside world. The Earth in relation to the
solar system and Sun is B. We get plenty of energy
from the Sun, we don’t have to worry about this
for billions of years. But in terms of the fixed matter
on this planet we don’t have a lot of
additional matter coming down here. We get a few meteorites,
a little cosmic dust, but whatever we have
in terms of fixed matter —which is a form of energy—has been
here since we blew off the Sun and cooled off. All of you have smartphones
on you right now and there are little granules
of rare Earths in those phones. They’ve been here since
the Earth has been here. That’s a form of energy
as a material form. So here’s what
economics is all about: We extract low entropy,
available energy in nature —a rare Earth, a metallic ore,
a fossil fuel— we extract it and then,
through our value chains, we store it, we ship it, we produce
goods and services from it, we consume it,
we recycle it back to nature. Those are value chains. At every step of conversion,
—when we take nature’s resources and move it through society—
at every step of conversion we have to embed energy
into that good or service to get it to the next stage
of what it becomes. But we lose some energy in the
process of that conversion. This is called
“aggregate efficiency” in economics. Aggregate efficiency is the ratio
of the potential work versus the actual useful work
you actually embed in the good or service. Let me give you an example. Nature has the same
economic conditions that we have in our human economy. If a lion chases down
an antelope in the wild, then kills it, about 10-20% of the total energy
that’s in that antelope gets embedded into the lion. The rest is heat
lost in the conversion. That’s the aggregate efficiency. What does this have to do
with my conversation with the Chancellor of Germany? She’s a physicist, you know,
by background. So here’s what I said to her. We started the 2nd Industrial
Revolution in 1905 in the USA with 3% aggregate efficiency. At every conversion of nature’s
resources through the value chain, we lost about 97%—it didn’t
get into the product or service. By 1990, the US got up to about
14% aggregate efficiency. That was our ceiling
—nothing’s changed since then. And I reported to the Chancellor that
Germany got up to about 18.5% aggregate efficiency. That was their ceiling.
Nothing’s changed. Anybody wanna guess
which country led the world in aggregate efficiency? —China?
—Japan? Japan! 20% aggregate efficiency,
1990s, reached its ceiling. What I’m saying
to the Chancellor is this: You can have market reforms,
labor reforms, monetary reforms. You can create incentives
for killer new products. You can try to create
a million Steve Jobs. It won’t make
a damn bit of difference. If your businesses
are still plugged in to a 2nd Industrial Revolution
infrastructure you can’t get above the ceiling of 20% aggregate efficiency
anywhere in the world. Why is this important? A new generation of economists
who happen to study physics have gone back and
looked at the industrial record and they added
a third factor to productivity: better machines, better workers,
aggregate efficiency. The ratio—yes, it’s so obvious!
The ratio of potential to useful work. When they put in that third factor, it accounts for
much of the rest of productivity. Henry Ford could have told you this. In fact every engineer
could have told you this. Every architect
could have told you this. Every biologist
could have told you this. Every chemist
could have told you this. They all have to start
their training in school by learning these two laws
of energy that govern the universe. I teach in the oldest
Business School in the world. I taught the
advanced management program at the Wharton School for 15 years. Not a single business school
in the world today, right now,
requires that you learn about the 1st and 2nd laws
of thermodynamics that govern economic activity. How shameful is this? So, in that first day
with the Chancellor we discussed
a 3rd Industrial Revolution: a new convergence of
communication, energy and transportation to manage power and move Germany. At the end of the day,
in a private session, the Chancellor said, “Mr. Rifkin, we will have this
3rd Industrial Revolution here in Germany. CHAPTER THREE:
A New Smart Infrastructure The communication internet
is now mature. It’s been 25 years since
the World Wide Web. We have digitalized communication. Now this communication
internet is converging with a nascent, digitalized,
renewable-energy internet. And now both those Internets
are converging with a fledgling, automated, GPS,
and very soon driverless road, rail, water,
and air transport internet to create three Internets: communication internet, renewable energy internet, automated
transportation-logistic internet. One super internet to manage,
power, and move economic life. These three internets ride on top
of a platform called the “Internet of Things.” We’re embedding sensors
in all of our devices, as you know, so they can monitor
real-time activity and then talk to other machines
and talk to us. So we have sensors now
in the agricultural fields and they’re actually monitoring
the growth of crops the soil salinity,
the moisture in the crops, etc. They’re sending that data. We have sensors now
in the factories that are monitoring
our economic data. We have sensors in smart homes monitoring how the energy
is used in our buildings. We have sensors in smart vehicles,
warehouses, smart roads. All of them collecting data. But where does that big data go? It goes to communication, energy,
and transport Internets to manage, power,
and move economic life. As this new system comes in it’s gonna be ubiquitous by 2030, connecting everything with
everything with everyone. We are essentially creating
an external prosthesis —a distributed nervous system— that’s gonna allow
everyone on this planet, at very low cost, to begin directly engaging
each other on a global Internet of Things and bypassing a lot of the
vertical integrated organization and middlemen that kept us
away from each other. We can have direct engagement now. This is the revolution. This evens the playing field. There’s been a long discussion
among the Millennials— You started this:
Occupy movements. Saying, “What about the 1%?
The 99%?” Now we have a new platform. The Internet of Things platform
is of a different nature than the platforms in the
1st and 2nd Industrial Revolution. The new platform is really radical, because this 3rd
Industrial Revolution platform is designed to be distributed,
not centralized. It works best
when it’s collaborative, and open and transparent,
rather than closed and proprietary. And the benefits come when more
and more people join the network and each of us
contributes our talents, which benefits the network
and then benefits us. It’s designed to be laterally scaled,
not vertically integrated. And this is what moves us
from the 1% of the 99% to a vast, vast expansion
of social entrepreneurialism and global networks. That’s the upside. On the other hand, how do we
deal with network neutrality? How do we ensure that everyone
has equal access to this new
Internet of Things platform, this 3rd Industrial Revolution? How do we make sure governments
don’t purloin this platform for political purposes
—it’s already beginning. How do we make sure
that giant monopoly companies, some of them on the Internet, don’t use that data for their own
commercial purposes at our expense? How do we ensure privacy
when everyone’s connected? How do we ensure data security
when everyone’s connected? How do we prevent cyber crime
and cyber terrorism that could disrupt the system
and take it down when everyone’s connected? This is the DarkNet, and what
I’m saying to you today is that the DarkNet is as impressive
as the opportunity of the BrightNet. And I would say that
the next three generations, beginning with you and
your children and grandchildren— You’re gonna be heavily engaged
in a new political movement. And that movement is
going to be to ensure against the DarkNet prevailing, and making sure that we all
have equal access, so the human family can engage
in a distributed nervous system and begin to have a vast expansion
of social entrepreneurialism. This is the political struggle
that starts with the Millennials, your children and grandchildren. This is an uphill battle. This is not a cakewalk. I’m not a technological determinist
and I’m not a utopian. Technology just enables,
then the question is, How will that journey end? It’s a big question mark right now. But let’s assume,
for the sake of this afternoon, that we’re gonna be able
to deal with all the complexities of the DarkNet
—and it’s a big challenge. Here’s what this Internet of Things
platform provides. Let’s say here at Brooklyn
you’re a SME —small and medium-sized enterprise,
or cooperative, or nonprofit. You can go up on this nascent
Internet of Things platform that’s already emerging. It’s not theoretical. And you can have
a transparent picture of all the economic data
flowing through the world —if it stays network neutral. The power here is enormous. We think Snowden was a big deal? Now all the economic data
is gonna be open to everyone, not just a few government secrets. But in a network neutral world you’re gonna be able to go up
on this platform and have a completely transparent
picture of all the data. You can go up on the platform
and cut your big data on your value chain
out from the noise. Then, you can mine your big data
with analytics. Then you can create your own
algorithms and apps. They’ll allow you to dramatically
increase your aggregate efficiency at every step of conversion
on your value chain. And, as you do that, dramatically
increase your productivity, dramatically reduce
your ecological footprint, and dramatically
plunge your marginal cost. Some of those marginal costs
are gonna get so low —they head to zero marginal cost. And when they hit near
zero marginal cost, it gives rise to a completely
new economic system. CHAPTER FOUR: Zero Marginal Cost
and the Rise of the Sharing Economy. In economic theory,
the optimum market is where you sell at marginal cost. Marginal cost is after fixed costs. Once you pay for
whatever the technology is. The marginal cost is
what it costs to produce a unit. Classical economic theory,
we’ve always said that the most optimum market is
where you sell at marginal cost. Here’s the problem we
never expected a technology revolution
—digital revolution— that would be so powerful
in its potential productivity that it could actually reduce
the marginal cost for some goods and services
to near zero. Meaning there’s no longer
a profit margin and you can produce goods
and services for each other beyond the market
in the sharing economy for nearly free. This sharing economy
didn’t come out of the blue. Capitalism gave birth
to the sharing economy. Let me be clear: As muddy as
the sharing economy is, it’s the first
new economic system to enter onto the world stage since capitalism and socialism
in the 19th century. It’s a remarkable historical event. This is already happening. Zero marginal cost phenomena
is not theoretical. It’s been how many years since
Napster—the file-sharing service? About 17 years? 17 years! Well, this little file-sharing
service started a revolution. We have 3 billion people
right now on the internet —and now the Internet of Things— who are actually producing
and sharing virtual goods at near zero marginal cost
beyond the market, disrupting entire industries. We have young people that are
producing their own music. And what does it cost to have a little technology,
a little machine that allows you studio-quality music when
you wanna record in your home? And then,
whether you send that music to one person on the web or a billion— It’s zero marginal costs. You just need a service provider
to keep your power up. I was surprised when that
Korean performance artist a couple years ago— A billion people
went to his website! Zero marginal cost. We have millions of young people,
any given day, who are producing their own
YouTube videos. Take a little video,
put it up on the web, a billion people can see it. Zero marginal cost. We have people producing their own
news blogs and social media. Near zero marginal cost. We have millions of people
contributing to Wikipedia and constructing the knowledge
of the world on a non-profit website for free. This is the most improbable
experiment I could ever imagine. I don’t know how Jimmy Wales
came up with this. I would have said,
“This cannot succeed!” Adam Smith said,
“Each individual pursues their own self-interest
and never cares about the public good.” But in pursuing their self-interest and not giving a damn
about the public good— By pursuing their self-interest,
the society is better off. I always thought
it was a little dubious, but that’s how we grew up. But apparently, none of the
Millennials have read Adam Smith. Because, for example,
in Wikipedia you’re all freely giving your talent, putting things up on Wikipedia, constructing the knowledge
of the world. You’ve democratized knowledge
in less than 15 years and the accuracy is… Now: Book publishing. What’s happening? People are creating
their own free eBooks. My new book came out
on the Pirate Bays before we could publish
in our languages and —God bless them—
they were ranking it before Amazon could even touch it. We have 6 million
college students taking massive open online college courses
taught by the best professors at the best universities.
They’re getting college credits. It’s free! You can’t win here.
You Millennials have won. Unless we outlaw
all the technology, we’ve got to find
a way to live with it and find value with it. Entire industries
have been disrupted in the 17 years since Napster. The music industry has shrunk. Television has declined ’cause everyone’s producing
their own YouTube videos. You’re all producers
sharing with each other. Newspapers and magazines
have gone out of business with social blogs. But thousands of
new enterprises have emerged. Not just Google, Facebook, and
Twitter—all of these are new. But thousands of
startup enterprises —profit and nonprofit— they’re creating the platforms, they’re creating the apps, they’re creating the connectivity, they’re using the
analytics and the data. It’s a revolution! Well, we thought
there’d be a firewall here. And certainly we could understand how zero marginal cost
brought on by digitalization would affect the virtual world, but we didn’t think
it would move over the firewall to the physical world. What I’m saying, with the zero marginal cost society is that firewall is broken now —it’s called the Internet of Things—
completely gone. We have millions of people now producing their own
renewable energy, right now,
at near zero marginal cost. Free! And now,
as we move to car sharing, and as we move to
driverless transportation, we’re gonna see
the marginal cost plunge toward near zero
in transport logistics in the next 20 years. Let’s go back to Germany. What’s happened in the 10 years since that first conversation
with the Chancellor? We are now in Germany at 32% of all the electricity power
in Germany now is solar and wind, right now.
In ten years. And this is a northern country
—doesn’t have a lot of Sun. We’re gonna be 35%
of the electricity, solar and wind, by 2020— We’re gonna be 100%
renewable energy by 2040. Absolutely! And what’s interesting is
the fixed cost of introducing the solar technology
and the wind turbines and the geothermal heat pumps— Solar and wind are
on an exponential curve, just like computers! When I was a kid
in the 1940s and 50s, there’s only a few computers. They cost millions of dollars. And the chairman of IBM
at the time said, “We probably will need
a total of seven computers.” “Maybe seven!” It was just an optimistic forecast. We did not anticipate
exponential curves in computer chips. Moore’s law. So all of a sudden,
Intel figures out that their engineers are doubling
the capacity on that chip every two years.
This is still going on. So, even if you’re making
$2 dollars a day, everyone’s going to be connected
to the Internet of Things within less than 15 to 20 years. And the cost—the fixed costs
are gonna be as cheap as your cell phones in 20 years. Everyone’s gonna produce
their own green electricity. These exponential curves
are not going away. You know how much
a solar watt used to cost? $78 dollars to generate
one watt solar in 1978. You know how much it costs
to generate one watt solar today? Not $78 dollars; 50 cents. It’s gonna be 35 cents
in 18 months from now. This is really moving quick. And this is what you’re not told
here in the United States by the energy companies. We have power and utility companies —some of them in my group,
Global Group— and they’re quietly, right now, buying long-term 20-year contracts for solar and wind electricity
in Europe and America, quietly right now,
for 4 cents a kilowatt hour. And the Berkeley National Labs, government labs just announced they’re generating
wind and solar— I think it’s somewhere between 2.8 and 3.5 cents a kilowatt hour. It’s over actually for
fossil fuel and nuclear. And the next big bubble
—I will tell you now— is gonna be the 100 trillion
dollars in stranded assets in the fossil fuel industry. This is gonna make
the subprime mortgage look like the small-time game. Because we’re moving
toward parity and then solar and wind
are getting cheaper and cheaper. That’s what’s going on
behind the scenes, right now. But what’s interesting in Germany, once you pay
the fixed cost for your solar panel and wind turbine— The marginal cost of producing
the energy in Germany today? It’s zero! The Sun has not sent us
a bill in Germany. The wind hasn’t invoiced us. The geothermal heat has not
come to us with a bill. It’s free! So what happens when
German businesses can plug in to a communication internet
that then converges with an energy internet and we digitalize
the electricity grid, so everyone can produce
their own solar and wind, and either use it off-grid
or sell it back to the grid? What happens
when companies plug in to an energy internet where the cost of the energy
is near zero marginal cost. Think about when they have
to move across their value chain, and at each step of conversion
on their value chain, their energy cost is near zero. How does any 2nd
Industrial Revolution country compete with that? And it’s not big Germany only —little Denmark’s done this. Anybody can do this. Who’s producing all the new energy? In Germany, there are four
major power companies: MBW, RWE, E.On and Vattenfall —these giant, global,
vertically integrated companies. And, frankly, we thought
they were invincible. What’s happened to them in 10 years is what happened
to the music industry, television, newspapers, magazine,
and book publishing. Thousands of small players
have come together in electricity cooperatives. Farmers, small businesses,
neighborhood associations. All of them went to the banks
and got loans —these electricity cooperatives— and every bank
was completely fine about giving them the loans.
Why? Because they knew that
the energy they generated would get a premium price when
they sell it back to the market. Nobody was turned down. They’re creating
all the new energy. This is power to the people —literally and figuratively—
power to the people. What happened to the big 4
power companies? They’re producing less than
7% of the new power. And they acknowledge
they’re out of the game. Why? To their credit,
they were the most efficient means to produce and distribute
centralized power —fossil fuel and nuclear power,
vertical integration. But the new energies— They require
millions of small players connecting where they are
in collecting. You have to collect the Sun
everywhere in little amounts. And the wind everywhere
where you are. And the geothermal heat
everywhere where it is. And you—We reward cooperatives
who laterally scale and join together in networks. Big companies can’t put
all these players together. The players come together in their own regions of cooperation,
and they join together. It is power to the people. Does this mean this is the end
of the energy companies? Not necessarily. Many will go out of business.
Some will not. About seven years ago, the EON—one of the
giant four companies— they asked if I would debate
their Chairman, Mr. Tyson, but in a neutral country,
the Netherlands. We had a three-hour debate. you’re not leaving
the 2nd Industrial Revolution And I said to him, “Look, tomorrow morning. But you also have to be
in the 3rd Industrial Revolution tomorrow morning, because you have a
25, 30-year transition to get from the 2nd to the 3rd
and find new value. And I said in the new system, it operates quite differently
than the old system. In the new
3rd Industrial Revolution you make more money by selling
less and less and less electricity. I said, what you do is, you set up partnerships
with thousands of enterprises. And you help manage the energy
flow through their value chains. You help them with their big data. You help them mine
that big data with the analytics. You help them with their
algorithms and apps. Dramatically increase
their productivity. In return, those thousands
of enterprises will share their gains back
with the power companies. It’s called
“performance contracts.” We’re now doing it,
and guess what? Last year, the chairman of Eon —took him 7 years— they’re moving to
renewable energies and they want to help manage parts of the energy internet
with energy services. EDF, the great nuclear power,
in France has joined our group. We’re doing
the whole build-out of the 3rd Industrial Revolution
in parts of Europe: in northern France,
the Netherlands, Luxemburg… And EDF said, “We’re with you.” They’re on the ground
helping lay this out. They’re not leaving
nuclear tomorrow, but they see that
the handwriting is on the wall. So the companies
that don’t go there; we don’t need them. It’s not just Europe; now China. When President Xi came in to power
with Premier Li— Premier Li announced that he —and I was pleased—
he announced he’d read my book,The Third Industrial Revolution.He put out a public announcement.
I’d never met him. I never even been to China. And he instructed
the central government of China to begin looking at these themes
that I’m laying out to you to move China to
a 3rd Industrial Revolution. There mindful in China. They lost the whole
1st Industrial Revolution. They missed almost all the
2nd Industrial Revolution and came it in the tail
in the last 10 years. And they said, “We’re not gonna
lose the 3rd Industrial Revolution.” “We wanna collaborate with the
3rd Industrial Revolution.” And they said,
“Be among the leaders.” To show you how fast they move, I’ve been shuttling back and forth,
but after the first visit —it was about eleven weeks later. The chairman of the state grid, which is the largest electricity grid
in the world, announced an $82 billion dollar,
four-year commitment to digitalize the Chinese grid so the millions of Chinese people could produce their own solar
and wind in their local communities and share it back
on an energy internet. That started this year, yeah. Watch Europe. Watch China. The coming together
of the communication internet, with the renewable energy internet gives rise to the automated,
GPS, driverless, transportation logistics internet. We built the whole global economy
in the 2nd Industrial Revolution around car ownership. That’s what this was all about. You’ve thrown us a curve.
You really have. Apparently you don’t wanna
own cars anymore. This is Grandma and Grandpa. They got two cars
sitting in the driveway cleaning and waxing them
every few weeks, and they’re never used. Or they’re at the office 90%
of the day never used. You don’t wanna own cars. You want access to mobility and
car sharing networks, not ownership of
cars in markets, correct? So there’s a problem here. The problem is
for every car shared in car sharing
in the sharing economy, we’re eliminating 15 cars. This is both the problem
and the opportunity. Larry burns was the former
Vice President of General Motors until a few years ago, now he’s a professor
at the University of Michigan. So Larry just did a study
—very revealing. He studied Ann Arbor, Michigan. We can eliminate 80% of vehicles
with better mobility, cheaper. Now let’s
extrapolate Larry’s study. We’ve got a billion cars,
buses, and trucks choking us in traffic
around the world. They’re the 3rd major cause
of global warming emissions. The number 1 cause of global
warming emissions is buildings. But in Europe, we’re now
retrofitting those buildings, transforming into
micro power plants and big data centers off carbon. Anybody know what the
number 2 cause of climate change, global warming emissions are
by industrial activity? Number 1 is buildings
—we always talk about it. Number 3 is transport.
What’s number 2? —Consumption of meat
—Meat, meat, meat. We have 1.3 billion cows. They take up about 23%
of the land mass of the Earth. I love cows,
but the methane they produce is a major contributor
to global warming, —much more powerful than CO₂— and then,
when we pasture those animals, we have the fertilizers
that emit nitrous oxide. And it goes on and on. And I should say that,
without mentioning names, even some of the
prophetic voices in the climate change debate
will never mention this. Because they do not want
to antagonize people and even suggest that
we may wanna change our diet and move down the food chain so that we can live healthy, respect our fellow creatures, and at the same time
mitigate climate change. So, you never hear
this in the debate. Never! Number 3 is transport. So, if Larry’s right
—Larry Burns— we’re gonna eliminate probably
80% of the vehicles in the world in the next two generations because the Millennials,
your children, and grandchildren are never going to own cars again. This I know. And the remaining
200 million vehicles— They’re gonna be electric. They’re gonna be fuel-cell driven. They’re gonna be operated by
near zero marginal cost renewable energy. This is already happening. They’re gonna be 3D printed, with composite recycled materials
at low marginal cost. They’re gonna be driverless. This is already happening. This gets to the question of, “Is this the end of the world
for transportation companies?” Not necessarily. But they have to change
their business model while they’re still in the
2nd Industrial Revolution, selling cars, buses, and trucks. They have to move to the
3rd Industrial Revolution, where they help
manage vast networks along with all the other players. This is a very cool thing that
happened about six weeks ago. Daimler asked me to join them— Daimler invented the
internal combustion engine. So I’m always mindful
they’re a step ahead. And the chairman of Daimler Trucks brought together 350 journalists
from around the world in Germany asked me to come in— I laid out the same story
we’re talking about here. And then the chairman
of Daimler Trucks —he’s one of the eight
board of directors— He announced that Daimler
is in a new business. And that is logistics,
on the transportation internet. And he announced that Daimler
had equipped, in the last three years,
300,000 trucks full of sensors. —300,000 vehicles, and they’re on the roads now. These are what I call “big data,”
“mobile big data centers.” And these trucks
are collecting data all across the transport corridors
of Europe, on traffic flows,
weather conditions, availability of warehouses… All of the data you would need
if you’re a small business, a large business,
or just a home owner, to be able to increase
your aggregate efficiencies and productivity,
reduce your ecological footprint, and anytime you’re involved in
moving shipments from A to B. Then this is
what’s really interesting. He dimed the lights
and they went to a helicopter feed, live on the German Expressway. And the helicopter zooms in
on these three trucks on the German Expressway, and then they went right into
the cab of the trucks and the drivers are waving and
talking to everybody in the room. And the chairman of
Daimler Trucks said, “Okay, gentlemen.
Take your hands off the wheel. Take your feet off the pedals.” All of a sudden, the drivers
became software analysts. No longer drivers. They were software analysts
monitoring the data. The trucks then started
to platoon together, automated, into a mobile data, almost a train
going down the highways, collecting data. So they’re providing the data,
and then the analytics, so that you will have apps, so that you can find ways to increase your
aggregate efficiency and be a player in the system. Smart! How do we finance this?
How do we pay for this? CHAPTER FIVE:
Financing the Transition We are laying out a plan in Europe
called “Digital Europe,” “Smart Europe.” And working with the
European Commission, we’re building this out
over the next 10 years. But the big question is, “How do we pay
for this infrastructure, region after region,
across all of Europe to connect us in a digital world, where we can begin
to enjoy the new opportunities?” So the question came up in Brussels
and I said, “We’ve got all the money we need.” Problem’s not the money; it’s
what we’re doing with the money. I’ll give you an example—
in America is the same situation. In Europe, we spent 741 billion equivalent US dollars
on infrastructure in 2012. One year alone. That’s just a bad
recession year, typical. The problem is what we spent it on. We spent the money on an old
2nd Industrial Revolution platform. Remember what I said
to Chancellor Merkel? and we peaked in the productivity 20 years ago at 20% ceiling, and we can’t get
anything more out of it. We’re stalled, which stalls the economy, stalls the smart startups, stalls the entrepreneurial expansion. So I said, if we simply
reprioritize our investments, spend some of it patching up
the old infrastructure —we don’t want it to collapse— but we prioritize, so part of those funds each year
go to each region, so that they can begin
to build out and scale up a 3rd Industrial Revolution
infrastructure. With an
Internet of Things platform, we will be there in 30 years. This year, we reprioritized
our funding at the EU and, beginning in January
of next year, regions across the EU
will secure EU funding, leverage against private equity, and each region will
customize and build out, like Wi-Fi, their plan
and then connect up region to region to region. We call it “Digital Europe.” We have a similar plan called
“China Internet Plus” across the regions of China. Where’s the US here? CHAPTER SIX: TWO GENERATIONS
OF MASS EMPLOYMENT The coming together
of this revolution will involve every industry: telecom, cable, ICT,
consumer electronics, transport, logistics,
construction, and real estate —all the retrofitting— all the industries are involved. And it means work. What I’m suggesting here is that we have one last surge
of massive employment involving semi-skilled, unskilled
professional and conceptual labor. We have to build out
this smart infrastructure. Robots aren’t gonna do this. We have to take the entire energy
complex of the United States. Think of all the infrastructure and all the technology,
all those stranded assets. We have to convert all of that infrastructure
from fossil fuel, nuclear to distributed renewable energy. We have to retrofit
every building in the USA. That’s what
we’re gonna do in Europe. Because you can’t install the renewable technologies
until the buildings are efficient. That means huge jobs
for energy service companies and for the construction
and real estate industry. Robots won’t put in the insulation, and the new windows, and the doors. And then we have to install all
the renewable energy technology. Human beings have to
install that technology, and all the smart technologies
that monitors the equipment, and puts in the
digital advanced meters. We have to take the entire
electricity grid of the USA, which is dumb, servo mechanical,
embarrassing —it’s 60 years old;
it barely functions. And we have to transform
the entire electricity grid to smart, digital so that we can
manage these three internets. This is gonna require
professional talent and unskilled and skilled labor
for two generations. We have to take the entire
transportation grid of the USA and turn it from dumb to smart
road, rail, water and air. Who’s going to install
the thousands of charging stations in all the buildings? Fuel cell outlets?
Smart sensors? This requires human beings. This means two generations of work
and guess what? It’s financed by the payback
of the energy savings. You don’t have to have huge
government involvement here. You simply have to
have the enablement, so energy service companies
can be set up, and we transform every building
in the USA to a node. These nodes then connect, and they are the big data centers. They are the micro power plants. They are the transport hubs
with electric charging stations. The nodes connect like Wi-Fi
and all those nodes, those buildings
—homes, offices, factory— that’s your Internet of Things. That’s a huge job
for the construction industry and you pay back
by the energy savings. You can’t default on the loans. But the technology
doesn’t do it alone. We have to change consciousness. I’m only guardedly hopeful. You know, I’m not naive;
I’m guardedly hopeful. I think that what I’ve said
is really a tough challenge. But I’m guardedly hopeful because human beings are the most
social creature on this planet. When we get the story right,
we move quickly. I’m always amazed
when I fly and I see electricity grids
across continents, and highways and urban centers. And I think, “My God!
That was all done in 50, 60 years?” It’s amazing! When we get the story,
we move quick. We’re a very social creature. They’re coming together,
these three Internet’s —communication, energy
and transport internets on top of
an Internet of Things platform. It changes the way
we think about life. CHAPTER SEVEN:
A New Consciousness for a New Era Let me give you the best example. We’ve got millennial parents now
that are sharing toys on these millennial websites, where you go up and
you pay a subscription fee, one time and you’re in the system. Then you can get a toy
—any kind of toy you want— by age category,
and give it to your child. This is creating
the real revolution. The parent traditionally
brings home a toy. And they say to the daughter,
“This is not Christmas.” “Santa Claus
didn’t get you this toy.” “We bought this toy at a store
and we’re giving this toy to you.” “This is your property.” “This is not your brother’s toy,
and this is not your sister’s toy.” “This is your toy.” “You need to take responsibility
for it and take care of it.” “What did mom and dad
just say to me?” The first thing I caught is, “This isn’t
my brother and sister’s toy.” That’s pretty relevant. Now, status, power, negotiability. “I’ll never let
my siblings ever use this, unless they pay the price.” They’re learning possession
of property and markets. There’s nothing wrong with that. But now, on these
toy-sharing websites, parents are
bringing home these toys —and pretty soon they’re gonna
come in a driverless drone at near zero marginal cost. Now the parents are
giving this toy and saying, “Another little child
played with this toy, and she had a lot of fun with it and she really took good care of it ’cause she knew one day
you’d want to play with the toy.” “And we hope you
take good care of it ’cause one day another child
will wanna play with the toy.” What the child is learning now
is this toys not a possession, it’s not status, it’s not power,
it’s not negotiable. It’s simply access to an experience
for a moment of time, then another child gets to use it. They’re learning how to be
part of a circular economy, where we distribute things
in the sharing economy over and over and over. Nothing goes to the landfill. I like a system where you have
both opportunities. There’s nothing wrong
with being property. There’s nothing wrong
with having possessions and some status, but it’s also
nice to have another option where part of her life
is being able to access an experience in time, and
then share it with someone else. I don’t think capitalism
is gonna disappear, but I think it’s gonna find value
by creating a relationship, so that it finds value with the child that gave birth
through the sharing economy. And, right here in this room,
you are already in two economic systems
day to day right here in Brooklyn. Part of the day,
you’re in the market. You’re sellers, you’re buyers, you’re owners, you’re workers, you’re producing goods
and services for each other for a profit in the marketplace, and you have property. But part of the day
you’re in the sharing economy. You’re sharing virtual goods,
entertainment, news, social blogs, Wikipedia. And now energy and car sharing. And, while it has
capitalist parts to it, it’s also a sharing economy
where you can reduce the cost. And, by 2050, we will have
two mature systems: part of the day, capitalist market, with a profit margin producing
and selling to each other; part of the day
in the sharing economy beyond the market, freely producing goods and services
for each other. That’s already started. That is not gonna go away. Your generation is moving
from ownership to access, from markets to networks, from consumerism to sustainability, from market capital
to social capital. Does this all sound familiar? It’s a revolution. None of this is being taught
in the schools, by the way. That’s why this is
really a revolution. And there are three things
that I’ve noticed that give me some guarded hope. There’s a basic change going on
with you people in this room. It’s strange to older people. There’s a change in the way
you define freedom. The way you define power. And the way you define community. And these changes really
suggest the real revolution. For my generation,
and generations before me, freedom was very simple,
since the Enlightenment. To be free,
in Enlightenment perspective, is to be an autonomous agent. To be self-sufficient.
To be independent. To be not beholden to others. To be an island to oneself, so that one can have freedom
as exclusivity. For the millennial generation
that grew up on the Internet, autonomy is death. Being an island to oneself
is death. Because for your generation you ask the question, “How can I flourish
to the full extent of my possibilities
here on the planet?” And it’s clear
that your answer to that is “I flourish to the extent
that I’m embedded in network after network, after network; community after community,
where I can share my talents. And those talents
can benefit the network and come back to benefit myself. I’m free because I have access.” And, for you,
freedom is not exclusivity. It’s not being an autonomous agent. It’s inclusivity. It’s access to others in networks. Do I have this right? This is very alien to our generation. We may have to change
all the constitutions in the world. This is a completely
different idea about freedom. You have a different sensibility
about power, which makes the older generation
very nervous. We essentially believe that power
always has to be a pyramid. It goes from the top down.
That is power. There’s no other way
to define power. It’s a pyramid
—from the one to the many. But young people
that grew up on the Internet— It’s strange because you grew up
thinking that power has to do with the networks
you’re engaged in. For you, power is not vertical;
it’s lateral. For you, power is being a mesh
in network after network where you benefit each other. Open source. This is so strange
to our older generation. We do not have
this notion of power. It makes no sense to us, actually. But it makes total sense to you. And, finally,
I think most importantly, we’re seeing a change in the way a younger generation perceives
identity to community. I grew up in a post Westphalian
world, the nation-state. We were very clear on community. That is, each individual is born
to be an autonomous agent and we’re each sovereign. We are each a sovereign
to ourselves. And each of us
as a sovereign to ourselves— We compete with
other sovereign individuals, in the marketplace, for scarce resources,
in a zero-sum game. Our nations represent us
because they are sovereigns. And they represent all the
millions of individual citizens who are sovereigns
against other nations. And each nation then competes
with every other nation for scarce resources in the
marketplace of the battlefield in a zero-sum game. That’s the post Westphalia
nation-state world. Here’s my question: Does anyone here believe that we’re gonna be able to address climate change and
bring the human family together and take our responsibility
for our fellow creatures in the Earth we live in
with that worldview? Anybody? What we’re beginning to see
with Millennials —and I don’t wanna
overstretch this— but I’m beginning to sense a shift from geopolitics
to biosphere consciousness. Just beginning to see it. I hope it doesn’t go away.
I don’t think it will. The biosphere is that 19 km
from the stratosphere to the ocean, where all life
and all the chemicals on the planet interact to maintain
the ecosystems, the biology of the Earth. We’re getting 14-year olds
coming home with biosphere consciousness. They’re becoming
the biosphere police. We got young people coming home
and saying to their father, “Why are you using so much water
here while you’re shaving?” “Can’t we turn it off
once in a while?” “We’re wasting the water.” They’re saying to their parents, “Why is the little red light
on on the TV?” “We haven’t been in that room
for three weeks!” Wasting electricity… They’re saying to their parents, “Why are there two cars
in the driveway?” “Why can’t we at least
car share one?” They’re saying to their parents, And this is the one
I’m particularly fond of. It brings a smile to me. We actually have young people
coming home and, at dinnertime,
they’re asking their parents where the hamburger came from
on the table. Yes, I’m sure some of you
have this experience. They’re saying,
“Did that hamburger come from a rain forest?” “Did they have to destroy the trees
for four little inches of topsoil, which only gives you
three years of grazing, so that that cow
could become my hamburger?” And when those trees are destroyed
for the topsoil to graze the cow for the hamburger, the kids are
smart enough to understand —the high school kids— that those trees harbor rare
species of plant and animal life that only live in those canopies.
They go extinct. And then they connect the dots. If the trees disappear for the soil to graze the cow
for the hamburger, those trees are not there to absorb
CO₂ from industrial emissions. And that means the
temperature the planet goes up. So then, a mother cannot feed
her children if she’s on the farm, because she’s getting
spring floods, summer droughts, and wildfires
because of the hamburger. These kids are learning
ecological footprint. Junior high school. And they’re coming home. They’re beginning to understand
that everything each of us does, all day long,
even when we’re sleeping, intimately affects
some other human being, some other creature, and the planet we live in. This is so alien to the way
your previous generations grew up. You’re beginning to
connect the dots and say, “We live in an indivisible
biosphere community; there’s no escape.” “This isn’t just academic:
our well-being depends on the well-being of the whole
system and all the creatures in it. We have young people
who are beginning to extend their empathic concern
to the rest of the human family, because you’re all skyping
on global classrooms. Heck—a billion of you on Facebook. That’s the largest fictional family
in history! And what’s promising to me
is that part of this generation is also beginning to
empathize with our fellow creatures. Not just the polar bears
and the penguins on the poles, but all of our fellow creatures.
And I gotta tell you, my wife and I are into animal rights
and animal protection. Our fellow creatures
have a right to be here. We do not have a right
to end existence for them. This is their planet,
as well as our planet. So I think we’re beginning to see
a shift the notion of freedom. How we perceive power,
our sense of community. We’re heading to a biosphere frame. This is all good. Let me be clear on why
I’ve been doing this work. I’m terrified about climate change. I began working on energy issues—
it was in 1973. And wrote a book, “Entropy
on Climate Change,” in 1980. I thought we had more time. I did not anticipate
the feedback loops. We couldn’t even see them
until they came, and then each feedback
decreased ten more on an exponential curve.
And we just didn’t see it. We thought linear. Now we’re really scared. I’m gonna tell you,
we are really really scared. ‘Cause now we’re in a runaway
exponential curve on the water cycles.
We didn’t see it. The fortunate thing is,
we now have a new infrastructure paradigm
—a 3rd Industrial Revolution. That can allow us
to move off carbon quickly, in three decades. We have the technology
that allows us to do this, because zero marginal cost
is the ultimate metric for reducing ecological footprint. If people equipped
with a little technology are constantly finding
new analytics and apps to increase
their aggregate efficiency at whatever value chain they’re in, it means we’re using
less of the Earth and getting more out of it. In other words, more
of the energy and materials gets into the product,
less is lost. Then, if what we do produce
is shared —share the cars, share the homes
share the toys— we’re distributing a
circular economy over and over. Nothing needs to go
to the landfill. Every resource is
always there for us. If we move to the energy internet,
there’s no reason why everyone on this planet
shouldn’t be producing their own green electricity,
right where they are at very low cost
in 25 years from now, on this exponential curve, and sharing across
continental energy Internets. And if we go to a car sharing,
driverless transport grid, we can eliminate
80% of those vehicles that have taken
a big hunk of the Earth to put online. This is a plan
and what we’ve done— a lot of businesses are working
with us around the world on this— and we say to people,
“If you have another plan, step forward and tell us
what it might be to address climate change
and move the economy.” And I always get silence. ‘Cause the only other plan
is to stay where we are and that’s taking us
to an economic crisis and an environmental abyss. But here’s what I’d like to do: I’m gonna turn it over to you. Let’s think about your sensibilities and find out if we can
come to some common ground on how we can begin to move this
from this little room out to all the larger communities
and networks are in. Is that a deal? Who wants to start? Hello, my name is Lena. And my question will be related to
technological unemployment. What is your take on that? We are moving to
an automated world. There’s no doubt about it. However, as I said during the talk, we’ve got two generations of
massive employment, that’s clear,
to lay out this infrastructure. That’s gonna require
millions and millions of jobs. We know this on the ground
as we’re laying this out in Europe right now. It’s a huge amount of jobs. Robots can’t do it.
AI can’t do it. This is infrastructure shift. However, as this smart digital
economy and society moves in, it can be run by very small
supervisory workforces with analytics, big data,
algorithms and apps —that’s why we call it
“smart world,” “smart society,” “smart economy.” Then, what do we do
once we have the smart society in and it’s automated,
running by analytics? We’re not gonna pay people
just to do nothing. We already know
where the employment is going. And that is, as we continue to automate
the market economy, employment is shifting to
the nonprofit social economy and the sharing economy
—we already know that. The nonprofit sector
is the fastest growing employment sector right now
in the world. It’s about 9.5, 10% of the
American employment— paid employments and nonprofit. Why is it heading there? Because, in the social economy,
the nonprofit economy, and large sections
of the sharing economy, social capital is as important
as market capital. And, in this realm —the nonprofit realm,
the social economy, the sharing economy— it requires human beings
engaged with other human beings. Machines aren’t only supplemental. We will never have a robot raising a child and interacting
with them in a childcare center to develop their brain.
It’s never gonna happen. They may bring the lunch to the kid
—the robot— but it’s gonna require human beings
working with those children. And whether it’s
in parts of healthcare and the knowledge industries,
in cultural areas, humans with humans. The only other question is, how does this sector
survive financially? Johns Hopkins University does a study of nonprofits
in 40 countries every few years. And guess what they found: Over half the income for nonprofits which are one of the
biggest employers now, comes with fees for services. If you’re doing health research,
you set up a health clinic. You get fees for services and then you can continue
to do your nonprofit research. If we get any
of this transition right, we automate the market, we move to social capital where we can use our minds
much more expansively, so we can learn to live
as a human family and steward each other
steward our fellow creatures, steward the Earth. That’s a much more noble mission. I believe that in order to
create a better tomorrow, we also need to look at
rehabilitating our psychology. Yeah, I’m in agreement with you. You know, and I have to say,
our academic disciplines —I’m gonna step on more toes. The academic disciplines in
our school systems are so moribund. It’s dysfunctional. We have an internet generation
that lives one way of life in terms of their mind
outside the classroom, and another inside the classroom. In the classroom, for example,
when we think about education, the first thing we realize is the classroom looks a little bit
like a factory. These big, giant institutions. And the kid comes in there
in 1st grade —a little boy or girl— and they immediately realize there’s a central authority
of the teacher, they have to be silent, if they share knowledge
with each other it’s called cheating,
and they’re expelled. And they learn that
their mission is to be efficient, but only in the sense of being
able to have the skills they need to follow orders and
tend the machinery of the Industrial Revolution. Yet, an internet generation
out of school— You’re all sharing knowledge. The whole point of the Internet is
to share your talents and skills, open-source,
no intellectual property and begin to crowdsource the
knowledge of the world together. That is so different than
what you’re getting in school. So let me say one thing about this. You know what we’re doing
in northern industrial France? All 7 universities
have come together and 200 high schools, and the universities are led by
Catholic University of Lille. Here’s what they’ve done: all faculty now teach
interdisciplinary so that you learn various perspectives and there’s more than one way
to look at things and you have to
share a common language. No silence. Secondly, all the students now
are put into modules, in teams,
and they work with their teams and the students have to
teach each other. The teacher becomes
a facilitator and a guide, but the students have to
teach each other. If they share knowledge,
it’s good—it’s not cheating. Then they learn that
knowledge is not power and something one possesses
at the expense of the other. Knowledge is the shared experience
you have as a social being. And the learning now is clinical. What’s the good of learning if theory isn’t
brought together with practice? So their learning is clinical. They’ve taken service-learning,
which you all did here, and they’ve elevated to pedagogy. So whatever you’re learning, you have to apply it
with your fellow citizens in the neighborhoods
where these universities are. How do you like that? Catholic University of Lille. That’s the revolution. I believe in the Darwinian theory of humanity being
more Darwinian than utopian. What would you do about
basically corruption and fraud? Let me be very clear:
I am an anti-utopian. If you read my books,
I don’t believe in utopias. I don’t like utopias.
I think utopia is are dangerous. Our human spirit,
the empathic spirit, is designed to show compassion
to our frailties —our precarious existence. An empathic world is
never a utopian world. Utopias are
worlds that are perfect. There’s no mortality, there’s no pain,
there’s no suffering, and every moment is perfect. There’s no such world. I looked through history
and it says that the most civilized societies are the ones that can
move empathy to larger reigns. And there’s a history of that,
of empathy. So I like an empathic world where we understand
each other’s frailties, we show compassion with
each other’s desires to flourish, we reach out to each other
—and we do this every day. And when someone that we know
is in joy, or pain, or suffering— We do this with our fellow
creatures that are in trouble. It’s the empathy that runs
day to day life, not utopias. And I think George Frederick Hegel
got it right. He wrote a little passage
that I read 40 years ago. He said, “Happiness are
the blank pages of history, because they are
the periods of harmony.” I thought, “What does that mean?” Over and over
I kept thinking of it. Well, he’s right because,
when you read historians and you read their view of history, you think we’re pretty
pathological creatures. because historians always chronicle the mayhem,
the genocides, the wars, the redress of
social grievances because those moments
are extraordinary, not ordinary. They imprint a stamp on us,
they move us to fright and flight because they’re so extraordinary
their remembered for generations. But when you then chronicle
all of history as if it’s a series of these very very
dysfunctional episodes in life, you get a pretty dire picture
of the human race, correct? Happiness of the
blank periods in history, where most of us, as we evolve our empathic concerns
to larger social units, our day-to-day life is
reaching out to each other in some ways to help,
to show our concern, to provide our compassion. It’s not the few
—we do this as the multitudes. I’ll give you an example:
Cooperatives. You never hear about
cooperatives in business school. There are banking cooperatives,
and housing cooperatives, and agricultural cooperatives
instruction cooperatives. In some countries
they’re the largest banks. They’re the social housing. It’s never mentioned
in business school, because it’s a different form. It’s people coming together
and sharing their destiny. This is the true sharing economy:
Cooperatives. And that’s why
they’re the engine, the vehicle for the new sharing economy. But they’re never mentioned. Societies that are able to nurture
the empathic sensitivities that are in our neural circuitry are the ones that don’t have
to worry as much about the secondary drives, which are brutality, and corruption, and all
the bad things that go with them. So I have a little bit
better picture in my mind of the evolution
of the human race. What I’m suggesting is
the next stage is biosphere consciousness. As we begin to see climate change
impacting our entire community, and there’s nowhere to escape, we begin to realize
we’re part of that community. And so we’re getting
our younger generations beginning to empathize with our fellow human beings
and our fellow creatures in one biosphere. This is a hopeful narrative
of the human race, with all the
dark periods in between. So I hope you leave
with that message— At least I believe that
the history the human race is to overcome,
and to transcend ourselves, and to empathize
in larger social units until we see ourselves as part
of one life force on the planet. I’m Tony. I think you might be
coming up against something with these new corporate agreements
that they want to force on us: TPP, TTIPS and so on. But they do seem to contain
provisions that would put corporations that are
at an advantage over governments —over elected governments. Well, let me give you
a counter pose: There’s another kind of
agreement emerging with very different politics. President Xi and Premier Li
introduced an idea called “Belt One…” “Belt One Road”
—the Belt and Road initiative. This is a very different initiative
because here’s the US trying to isolate
—if you will—China with its specific agreements;
corporate led. And the belt road initiative
is the idea of resurrecting the old Silk Road,
from Shanghai to Rotterdam. But it requires a
different sensibility. Originally it was designed
just to get a railroad across the hinterlands, crossing
the stands all the way into Europe and The Mediterranean, a route around the southern edge,
and Italy. But then it quickly
escalated to a conversation— Wait a minute!
Europe’s doing “Digital Europe,” the Internet of Things platform, 3rd Industrial Revolution,
and that— It not only will be in the EU,
but our partnership regions in the Mediterranean. That’s a billion people market: 500 million in the Union, 500 million in
our partnership regions in the Mediterranean
and North Africa. China has a similar plan that
we’ve worked with with them. It’s identical, called
“China Internet Plus.” So the conversation quickly
went to, “Wait a minute! Europe is China’s
largest trading partner. China is Europe’s
second largest trading partner. How about a belt road initiative
from Shanghai to Rotterdam? That’s now in deep conversation, but it requires
a different sensibility. No one can control the Internet of Things platforms
centrally, because it’s designed
to be distributed— that’s the resiliency
of the system. And so that, if anyone power or any nation
across the region, you know, is going to
try to control it from the top, you can’t do it
because you can go off-grid. And I think all
the parties are aware of this. And in my dealings
in Beijing, in Brussels, in Berlin, they’re aware that
this is a new partnership. It requires collaboration.
You gotta share. You gotta share best practices. You gotta share
the science and technology. You gotta get over the suspicion— Everyone benefits in a network. That’s the—it’s not geopolitics. It isn’t, “We control. We close.
And then we overpower you.” It doesn’t work in
an Internet of Things world. You have to have it borderless.
It has to be open. It has to allow you
to have a distributed ability to go off and on
when you want, and have block chains. So, I think this belt Road initiative
is quite interesting because it may not just be for Eurasia. This may be a vision that would be,
for a millennial generation, a vision that could move
from the Americas, from Canada and the United States
down to Chile— then you have really a distributed biosphere infrastructure revolution, not a traditional
geopolitical revolution. And, therefore, it requires
everyone to be involved, because everyone’s a player. My name is Denille.
How do you see your vision and what you’ve been talking about
affecting large food systems in industrialized countries,
as well as developing countries? You know how much energy
the agricultural system uses? About a third of their cost
—our energy costs. The fertilizers;
those are fossil fuels. The pesticides;
those are fossil fuels. The machinery;
it’s all run by fossil fuels. The packaging, the plastics;
it’s made out of fossil fuels. The water that they
have to bring in to irrigate, the electricity grids; run by
fossil fuel and nuclear power to move the water. So, if you wanna
take a look at agriculture, it is a huge player.
Not only that: The fertilizers
emit nitrous oxides, which are much more potent
in terms of their impact than CO₂. You know that 40%—I believe it is— of the land that’s used
for agriculture in the world today is to grow feed for animals? It takes at least 8 pounds of feed
to create 1 pound of beef. That makes the transport industry
look like super efficient. It’s the most inefficient system
we know on the food chain. If you look at pure injustice, you’d have to say the shift
to a feed grain animal culture and a chemical farming culture
for pasturing animals is one of the great injustices
in the history of the world. Some of us live high up
on the food chain; the rest are denied
access to the land. We got to turn that around so, in Europe, we are interested
in organic agriculture. We’re interested in moving from
pesticides and chemical agriculture to ecological agriculture, where we learn to live with
the surrounding flora and fauna, and we find ways to encourage
the flora and fauna to be able to be compatible
with what we’re growing. In the old chemical world,
if it moves, kill it. Everything surrounding your crops
should be killed. So we live in a chemical wasteland
across the agricultural fields with runoff poisoning our water. It sounds shameful. So we wanna move
to organic agriculture. We had mechanical agriculture
in the 1st Industrial Revolution. It started late
1st Industrial Revolution. We had chemical agriculture
in the 2nd Industrial Revolution. We need to have smart, organic,
ecological agriculture in the 3rd Industrial Revolution, and we have to bring back
regional and local agriculture that supports local communities. It’s absurd to ship
a tomato around the world. Ridiculous! Hi, I’m Rochelle. I was wondering if you could talk
a little bit about water. And how water plays into this
decentralized vision. How the privatization of water
plays out. I was just hoping
you could speak to that. There’s only a small amount
of water on this planet that’s available for human reuse. Less than 1%;
the rest is not available. There is a deep nexus between
energy and water that’s never, just never explained. You have to have energy
to move water. And that is that 8% of all the
energy we generate in the world —power—
goes to extracting water, treating water, moving it
through pipelines in water, and recycling the waste. But you need water
to move energy. This isn’t well known. And, that is,
the energy industry uses— Over half of all the water we use
goes to the power industries. Of all industries, over half. And this will surprise you: In France,
which is 80% nuclear power, you know how much
of the water they use for cooling off nuclear reactors
in France? Almost 50% of all the
fresh water consumed in France goes to cooling
the nuclear reactors. Yeah, and when the
water comes back, it’s heated. So it’s dehydrating ecosystems
that are already facing drought for their agriculture. And now, sometimes
the water is so hot because of climate change
in the summer, they can’t even use it
to cool the nuclear reactors and they have to
slow down the electricity. So what’s the nexus? We have to begin to create
a new plan, so that people get control
over their water in a distributed system that
brings water together with energy. I’ll give you an example of why: If the electricity grid is disrupted
—let’s say one of the transformers, big electricity transformers,
either through cyber crimes, cyber terrorism,
or natural disaster goes down and your power goes down—
there’s no water. We’re dead in three weeks.
That’s how vulnerable system is. That’s why we have
to build in resilience by keeping it so distributed. So what do we do? I’m in Hauts-de-France
a couple of weeks ago. This little startup— They’ve taken a whole
social housing complex, huge housing complex. They took the whole roof
and turned it into a cistern. Why did they do that? Because the water falls,
and as it falls, it generates electricity
in a turbine. So they’re using for electricity,
but now we’re saying, “Use it as a cistern.” So if the power grid goes out
and you can’t get water, you’re dead in a couple of weeks. You have the water right built-in
to your home office and factory, on the roofs or nearby,
you can share it in a cooperative. And then that water can be used,
potable for fresh water. And then we’re now talking
with companies about… With housing,
that you can take the water, use it for your toilet water, and you will be able to recycle it
right back on site. So you can go distributed
and decentralized when the real power grid goes out. They key to maintaining this system
is it’s distributed. If anything happens
in one part of the system, you can go off. Well distributed and decentralized,
and share your water, share your energy. So water and energy go together,
and you’ve just hit —and I’m glad you said this— something that has really come to
the top of the agenda for us now: How do we create a
distributed water internet to go side-by-side
with the energy internet? Very cool thinking. My name is Elizabeth and
I just have a question for underdeveloped countries. How do they play a part in this
whole 3rd Industrial Revolution? Can they sort of skip the gun, because they don’t have
an established infrastructure? Yeah, you just answered
the question I was about to answer. Very good!
Well here’s what we realize, just what you said. What we finally realized is
in the developing world, their liability is their key asset. Their liability is:
they have no infrastructure. That’s their asset. Because, it’s easy to build
virgin infrastructure, with new codes and regulations
from scratch, than to take an old infrastructure with old codes and regulations
and transform it. So what we’re learning
in the developing world is this can move more quickly. We saw the opportunity
that the developing world can leapfrog right past the 1st and 2nd
Industrial Revolution into the 3rd. So the United Nations
has now embraced the 3rd Industrial Revolution narrative that we’ve just
talked about tonight. The biggest problem
in the developing world: No electricity. Ban Ki-moon has made this
his pledge: Universal electricity. We got a billion people
that have no electricity. They’re in the dark. We have 40% of the human race
with infrequent, not reliable electricity. And what keeps women
enslaved in this world? It’s no electricity. And what we see
with these big families, in these patriarchal,
brutal conditions, and male-oriented cultures?
No electricity. Why? Because, with no electricity,
women are the slaves, the children of the slaves,
more children, more hands on deck that can actually
carry the energy load. We forget the relationship
between electricity and freeing women in the West. Women were the slaves
at the hearth until electricity came in. Electricity freed women
from that slavery, if you will, to go to school
beyond the first 5 grades, and then electricity
created new skills that didn’t require
upper-body strength, but up here. Electricity revolution created
all sorts of new skills. And, when that happened, as women became more educated
and more independent, and had the new skills
of the 2nd Industrial Revolution? Fewer babies. You can give out
millions of condoms; it’ll make no difference, until you bring electricity
into the developing world, free the women,
and you have them get educated, and have them be recognized
as half the human race. And what’s interesting
is the women are setting up these micro grids—a lot of it. So, you see it in rural Africa,
they go into a village —it’s happening in India, too—
and small startups. They come in, they lease
a solar panel on each roof. They give you a lease, and
then they give you a cell phone. This is happening all across rural
India and now sub-Sahara Africa. But instead of a big centralized grid
then you go village, to village, to village and you create micro grids
that are laterally scaled. This is going to take off
very, very quickly—it already is. This is the smart social entrepreneurs
of the next generation. This is why I’m really pleased
to see this happen. It brings confidence
that we can do better. I’m Ray, and I’ve been thinking
during your whole talk about how do we overcome monopoly? We have to worry about
a new kind of monopoly. Now, I’m gonna be honest with you:
I love Google! It is the magic box! I’m now so lazy that
anything that comes up, especially in my age,
I ask the magic box. It is a great research engine.
However, when everybody needs Google,
and it’s the only research engine, and it’s our window
to the research we need, it starts to look like
a global monopoly, and it starts to look like
a public utility. What did we do
with successful businesses that had a product line
that was so important that everybody needed it,
and it was a public good. What did we do in
the 2nd Industrial Revolution with the telephone industry? We, in America—
In other parts of the world, the government
took over a lot of it— but in America we kept them
in the private sphere, like AT&T, but we regulated them as utilities. And we did this across
the electricity utilities, the many of the power utilities.
We regulated them. I think it’s naive to believe
that we won’t do this. The Millennials and your children—
This is the new political movement. You’re gonna be asking the question: How do we get the best
out of these new enterprises, but they have to be regulated
as public goods, in the realm, so that we all we all ensure
that we get equal access, that we have some control
over our creative content and data, may be through block chains, and that we’re able
to secure our privacy, etc. Facebook? Same thing. When the whole human family
has to come together on Facebook to communicate with each other,
it’s a great service, but it looks like a public good,
it’s a utility. And we’re gonna have to have
some kind of global authorities to regulate them.
Does this make sense? This is the politics of your generation. This is the politics of the new
3rd Industrial Revolution. Hi, I’m Carlin. In the words
of your Wharton alumni, how do we make America great again? Let me say something
to take us from another corner. President Obama
wanted a green economy. He spent billions and billions
of dollars of our tax money for a green economy,
and we don’t have a green economy. Why did this happen? Because the mentality
here in this country is all we need to do is
use tax money to incentivize, ’cause we want a million Steve Jobs. So, what happened
with President Obama is he would incentivize, give
some money to a solar factory here, a battery factory over there…
Incentivize. But you can’t start with that. You have to start with incentivizing
the infrastructure itself, which requires everybody
coming together. Now, he made
a very famous statement during his second
presidential campaign, which got to the heart of it. You may recall that
he was speaking of small businesses and he made an offhanded comment
saying, “You didn’t build that.” Remember this comment?
It went viral: “You didn’t build that.” And they went they went nuts. He was referring to infrastructure, and he was trying to say
the infrastructure comes first. Then you can create
your new businesses with it. The problem is, they went viral
because the small business said, “No, we create America!
It’s the entrepreneurial spirit!” We’ve actually so
dummy down our country that we actually have no idea how businesses feed off
the infrastructure that come from public-private partnerships: government, industry,
and civil society. Who do they think
created the public school systems, so that we could train
the workforces? Private businesses didn’t do that. Who laid out the interstate highways
with tax money? You think private businesses will
lay out an interstate highway system with no lights from coast-to-coast? Who under wrote all the pipelines
that had to bring in the electricity, the gas and
the telephone industry? On and on and on…
In fact, let’s look at Steve Jobs! The fact is that most of the research
that went into his smartphone was government-funded research;
he marketed the product! But we’ve so dummy down that half the country or more
doesn’t want the government to do anything—
They don’t even want the government. This is the failure of the USA. We do not have a
social market economy. Europe does;
other parts of the world do. But, in America,
we have this whole idea that it’s just
the entrepreneurial spirit. Let the companies rule,
let the marketplace reign. This is our death now. Because, if we can’t work together
in each county, in each state with business, civil society,
and academia, to lay out this platform and create the regulations codes
and standards, then the new businesses come,
then the new models plug in. So what I’m saying is,
look to the infrastructure. And your millennial generation, it’s up to you now to bring this
sense of a social market economy back into the dialogue. We need government,
we need business, we need the civil society, we need public capital,
we need private capital, and we need social capital. All three equal players
at the table. So, here’s
what I will say in closing: I know you get frustrated
and sometimes you think, “My Gosh, it’s going too slow!” But now’s the time
to redouble your efforts. We all have to
really come together. We’ve got one generation
—yours— to lay down this new consciousness,
this biosphere for consciousness. Your responsibility to carry this on is the weight that
no generations had in history. I don’t know of
any period in history where one generation was
called upon to save the species. And, if you believe
this is really happening, and it is, this is actually the responsibility
of the Millennials in this room. We now have, I think,
potentially a road map and a compass. It’s gonna be up to
the younger generations now. This is the digital revolution. You are the digital revolution.
It’s your turn. It seems to me,
if the millennial generation is ready to create this
new digitally connected world, it helps us create peace between
economy and society and the balance for the planet.
It should be now. And what you have to do is
you have to join together in the virtual world,
in the physical world, on the ground, in the communities, both in the infrastructure
and the politics, and the social engagement. You got to make this happen. I’ll give you one little mission: How long is it gonna take
for a millennial generation to prepare a bill of particulars
for a declaration of human responsibilities
and stewardship of our human race, our fellow creatures
in the planet we live in? And then you have
a billion young people in a cohort in Facebook,
and they’re all declaring this, then you’re at the table. You’re at the table,
virtually and physically, and then a billion people strong, you should be able to do this
in a very short period of time. This doesn’t take
a lot of organizing. Then you’re at the table,
with the new potential monopolies. You’re at the table
with the governments who would purloined
this for their own ends. You’re at the table
with the special interests —they want to drag us back
to the 2nd Industrial Revolution. Come to the table.
Make it happen. Pass on this legacy, so when your grandchildren
look back at you they can say you did the right thing: You helped replenish the planet, got us off carbon, helped show our proper respect
to generations not yet here, including our fellow creatures. Thank you. Good night. Join us. —Hi.
—Hi, I’m Kelsey. I study Design and Technology.
What I wanted to say is that— —You’re at Parsons?
—No, SVA. But, like,
the real problem is that, a lot of people
who have this passion and who, like,
really do care about this stuff— We’re getting purchased out, and… —Yeah.
—So, the real thing is, like, everyone doesn’t have
the same enemies. Like, the people who really care, like, they’re going
to be purchased, and they’re going to end up
working for someone, somewhere, and they’re gonna feel like
they have to compromise. Yeah, I understand…
Well, it’s a delicate game every day. You know, as you get older
you have to think about what is— Life goes really quickly. And, if one doesn’t have
the commitment at 25, you’re not gonna have it at 50. And, this time,
we need a generation that can stay close to the mission
all the way through their life, and pass it on to the kids. And I understand how
difficult this is. Believe me. Hi! Thanks for coming. Thank you so much for this
—very enlightening. —My pleasure.
—Is there any recommendations on how to get more involved
at a local level? Brooklyn’s ideal.
Brooklyn should be the place. Absolutely! This is where
a lot of the startups are. I 100% agree with you. I interviewed like 30 people
for the documentary I worked on, including Global Dryden,
and they all are optimistic long-term. I’m only guardedly hopeful
that demographics is on our side. It’s called “the Millennials.” Millennial generation
is more sustainable, more ecological oriented,
but I think it’s an uphill battle. As Thomas Paine said, “Every generation must recreate
the world anew.” The digital generation;
you’re there. Do it! You don’t need to look back
at those who are our history. Look to the future of
what you want for your children. —Hi! How are you?
—I just wanna shake your hand. Thanks for coming. So, zero marginal cost is possible
if the data centers are for free. —Yeah.
—We need it! Well, you have, you know—
it’s Wikipedia. They do nonprofit,
they get contributions, it’s tough, but they make it
because enough people believe in it. Or you look at Blah Blah Car Etsy. They’ve done it with
a little bit commissions. Look at Patagonia—
they’ve become a benefit company. And they say—
There are eight or nine states that passed legislation now saying, “Look, if you’re a benefit company, profits don’t have to be
a first motive; therefore you won’t risk
hostile takeovers. So there’s a lot of stuff moving,
but it’s difficult. So are you—
I encourage you to do that. Take some risk.
Don’t sell out. That’s what I’m saying.

Being a White Student at a Historically Black College

I know College is really about getting
an education but here you can get like an education academically as well as
education through life also so much of it is that Brotherhood component that I
thought was it was rare and so when it came time to apply to schools did you
apply anywhere else or no more houses at the only school that I applied to walking down Brown Street and having
people acknowledging you and affirming you that’s something that if they do
here and I love that try to culture shock southern hospitality is a
beautiful thing students here they are extremely hardworking and creative we
produce more black attorneys we produce the most black doctors anybody around
you they’re black students they’re black artists this place is secret I think
this is a safe space for black students and this school was gonna challenge me
in ways that I probably would not have gotten at other institutions and if we
had white people just come in here I will feel disrespected I am as a result
of you know this school do you feel like you really belong here
I feel like I belong here if I’m putting in the word decibel we’re on the campus of Morehouse College
Morehouse is an historically black men’s college that was founded out of the
necessity to give a culturally safe space to black students who are being
excluded by predominantly white institutions in 2018 their existence
feels necessary for a lot of the same reasons in the past year alone hate
groups are openly marching on college campuses a white student admitted on
Instagram to tampering with her black roommates personal belongings
another black student had the police called on her while sleeping on a couch
in the common area of her dorm and others are still victims of racially
motivated attacks the thing is Morehouse like so many other HBCUs is navigating
one of the most difficult financial climates it’s seen since its
establishment and in order to keep their doors open they’ve turned to the
recruitment of non black students that we want to come together but for some of
you coming together means ignoring our experiences and while shows like dear
white people have dramatized the tension around white students entering black
spaces on college campuses that tension is very real at places like Morehouse so
we’re here to meet Thiago he’s a non-traditional freshman at Morehouse
and we’re gonna find out what it’s like being a non black student at an
all-black school Tiago what’s going on what’s up homie
are you doing what’s your name man Chris Chris so I got to actually put on my my
outfit before we start do you mind if I sit on your bed Oh respect to you I’m
sorry now I got you I got you always ask first I appreciate it I’m not trying to
violate so I was freshman year Ben it’s a little bit of a culture shock having
it be a new setting a new city you know when I first got here they told me you
know people are gonna always come up to you and ask you why’d you come to
Morehouse you know people looking at me like oh wow who is this person so that’s
something that was totally different but the cool thing is that it’s like
representative southern hospitality which I really appreciate so my middle
name is actually Jimmy because we share the same birthday that’s cool yeah my
dentist gave this to me that he’s been saving for decades you know growing up
in predominantly black kindergarten and elementary school and then transitioning
to a more white affluent community in my high school you know you get to see the
two different levels I think it was just psychologically just like you know put
me into this position where like I’m naturally more gravitated towards the
black community than the white community what made you want to come to this
school why Morehouse I think I just wanted something you know different how did your friends and peers and your
family how did they respond to this decision
my family was cool with it but I don’t think they really believed that you know
it was gonna end up happening and that’s no knock on them I love my family and
then you know peers they didn’t respond initially well to the idea of more house
so my kids they like ridiculed you yeah definitely first so it was a hard
process this was like my dream right if people were trashing it so I had a ton
of self-doubt and going through this like sort of like identity crisis kind
of realizing oh what am i doing you know am i doing what’s right because
everybody’s saying it’s wrong but every time I took a trip up here at morehouse
people told me oh man they’re gonna love you here I was like okay why am I being
treated better here more house by strangers then you know people back home Morehouse like many of the 101 HBCU
still operating in the United States was founded in the late 1800s to educate
freed slaves who were refused access to predominantly white institutions over
time they evolved in the culturally safe spaces where black students were
encouraged to be free thinking and could escape the oppression that lived outside
their campus gates and these environments help sculpt the great black
minds of America and Morehouse in particular has produced alumni like
Martin Luther King jr. Spike Lee and samuel l.jackson but this legacy is put
at risk with the active recruitment of non black students like we’ve seen at
West Virginia State or Bluefield state both HBCUs with black student
populations of less than 10% so I spoke with Damon Phillips from the school’s
Communications Office to find out why I mean ultimately it’s about finances
ultimately we need to find ways to fund our institutions differently than we
have in the past and so a lot of schools are now recruiting what we consider
non-traditional HBCU students but white students Asian students Hispanic
students there’s a big push has that been met with any criticism
from alumni or current students a lot of people have issue with it you know you
guys occur more how students how does that make you feel when you think about
the idea that there could be a growing number of white students on this campus
I’m on the fence about it because I feel like you know I should still accept
people who they are however at one point in time we weren’t allowed in high
school just because of the color of our skin now am i saying because of the
color their skin they’re not welcome here no but I am saying here at
Morehouse College they’re known for producing black what’s taught here is
not only how we fight for it for where we are but how we fight for who we are
outside of these gates if you grew up in an environment where you were mistreated
and abused and just you know belittled by white people you really don’t want to
see them when you come to a black space that bothers me because we
have to provide a safe haven for our children so there’s a frame of thought
that’s based in fear that if you let one person in then before you know it
everyone will come in in their schools that we’ve seen historically they’ve had
that where you’ve got Kentucky States and Tennessee States in West Virginia
States which is 95 percent white but still an HBCU so people are afraid of
that type of thing happening you’d be where kind of tipping if you
have 10 black student white students at Morehouse that’s not gonna affect the
culture 100 maybe if they made the decision to come to an HBCU you have to
expect that there is a level that they are at you know you have this fear that
they’re at a base level if they decide to come to an HBCU the white student
that conceivably would come here wouldn’t necessarily have the same
commitment because they don’t understand the struggle if they’re not coming in
with like a base level of knowledge you know this is the knowledge that you need
to have have you ever gotten a how to navigate white America Hamza I I miss my
papi I’m very comfortable with things not necessarily being integrated do you
feel like your presence here you’re infringing upon what’s supposed to be a
culturally safe space for people that don’t look like you I see how people
would like think of it from that perspective I know that like I come here
as a white person white male in this country we do have privilege now how can
we use our privilege for the betterment of society how do you feel like this experience is
changing you thus far the most fundamental change right out of
everything is turning me away from a self-absorbed experience is both
decentralizing the attitude of whiteness right the attitude that I’m smarter that
I deserve this opportunity more than you the attitude of supremacy understanding
that had I not come across Morehouse I probably would have never delved deep
into learning about you know the true history of this country all the you know
the things that the US government has done to keep people down
I wouldn’t think it’s fair for someone who characterize you as a person that is
seeking a black experience but how do you respond to people who think you’re
here because you want to be black um just just recognizing that that’s just
not my truth no I don’t want to change you know the color of my skin or act
like they stereotype of black people in society but there are elements to black
culture like the hospitality besides yeah they’re listening CIA’s monitoring
right now man I know they are losing wine that’s what the grilled chicken
yellow rice dish yellow right yeah I’m sure all of you had sort of like an
idea of what Moor house is gonna be by the time that you got here did you guys
think you were gonna have like a white friend when you got the moor house next
to me – so when I seen him on moving bed I hadn’t expected UTI though and even
after I did meet together I didn’t expect to talk to the ttio after all
right well at first I didn’t know his intentions so I didn’t I didn’t trust
the alcove too much everyone was a little bit skeptical of white person in
this black space just because an America weekend if you have a history of white
people coming into black spaces doing that’s okay then right but see how
that’s a great dude like he’s not doing this to be in some experiment he’s doing
this for the same reason that I’m here I was abandoned and when he explains to me
why I was like wow like that’s my loss you know he kind of has the same vision
that you know a more automation so their only reason that like I’m being able to
be cool everybody is because of these sort of interactions that godlike Kaleo
guys like Brandon Johnson Jackson Kip men and Morehouse and Morehouse men
throughout my life that have like helped me develop as a person so really I’m
just another person here ultimately I have to speak in Thiago for the first
time I knew the wrong thing to do was make her feel like she’s not loved she’s
a mute injured so in order for me to change his mind said I needed to be cool what is the thing that you love the most
about Morehouse is what do you value the most about this place what I pretty much
love the most is the mission or Morehouse that sort of unique mission of
having men become leaders that just changed the world practically and that’s
something that I wanted to be a part of have you taken any leadership positions
since you’ve arrived to you so I am the president of this dorm which is deemed
as a big deal right because of you know the obvious wait what’s the obvious
obviously you know a white student and by the most famous dorm
being the president of that mmmthat’s uh feel like very ironical right that’s the
right word so you’re being the president of graves rubbed some people the wrong
way oh definitely how did you become president I ran an election I remember
like I wanted to run for Vice President or treasurer because I didn’t think you
know president was possible I didn’t have that courage but people in this
hall encouraged me and then I ran what somebody taught me was that it’s never
about somebody voting for you it’s always about the message have you had to
confront your minority status here at this institution yeah um you know a
student earlier this semester you know stopped me and asked me why am I here
and we’re like a condescending undertone right anywhere you know people are not
gonna like you so I was a little bit you know anxious and whatnot not scared but
anxious you know I hope people will accept me people might say something or
look at me a certain way it’s fine it’s not personal especially because
like most of those people you know they don’t know me but it’s okay the history
of this country right and all the oppression has led people to feel this
way and I would say 99% of my experience
this year have been extremely amazing about 1% I don’t take it personally well
at the end of day everybody has their own individual judgment I judge you know
you judge we all judge but when people get to know me I think people will have
their own perspectives ok we’re gonna go talk to Professor Robin Marcus an HBCU
alumni and former professor to get her perspective on why historically black
colleges and universities are so important when you’re walking across a
campus and you’re reminded of who also walked on those on that lawn right who
said in those rooms the legacy is palpable to be able to step into that
space know that it was carved out for you when the rest of your life says
something very different about your value your intelligence your potential
at least for four years you’re not gonna have to think about racism and so when a
white student says you know I wanted to try something different or you know I
felt this calling to the mission of the school what is what are you here um well
that’s nice but you can’t you don’t understand what it meant for this grass
to be this this sod to be here you you don’t know that what does that mean
though that means that the shared the body the full weight of history what
that institution has stood for what it has meant for us us black people is it
reverse racism to have schools that are only for black students okay so I don’t
even understand that word that term for real and I get that is an argument it’s
a specious one it’s a dumb one racism has to do with structures with systems
with legislation all of that not it’s not fair because you’re black and you
can do it and I’m white and I should be able to do it that ain’t if that’s what
you call reverse racism I’m trying to conversation with you do you guys feel
like it is problematic that we’ve come here to showcase the experience of a
non-black student at an all-black school well I mean I genuinely want to know yes
why why do you say controversial because of course it’s already frowned upon that
how come they can get into where we want to be but we can’t get into where they
can this is a space where people that have been consistently marginalized for
the last 400 years have come to change that narrative yet when we get here when
the national media comes to have a conversation with us who do they want to
speak with the only perspective that’s relevant is the perspective of a young
person it doesn’t look like us I do like the fact that you’re here in order to in
order to allow us to drive our narrative but at the same time there is nothing
that a young non-traditional student can bring to the culture of Morehouse
Spellman o’clock it’s us culturing here so you asked about this question of
bringing I’m gonna just be blamed bringing a lot more white feeding into a
predominantly black space where Morehouse right now I’m slightly
uncomfortable that only because so many students came tomorrow specifically to
feel human and to not be the humanized be the most human that they could
possibly be in a society like this do you guys take issue with the fact that
there are a certain number of recruitment dollars that are reserved to
attract a non black student to Morehouse or Spelman or Clark is that a fact this place is sacred our ideas who we
are as people we feel safe here and if we had white people just coming in here
and taking over a 40% of the population I will feel disrespected I would love if
a white person with reddington’s came here and learned about us as black
people you have a lot to offer and I think it’s just a shame that we want to
keep that to ourselves come see what black people can do like I
don’t want to do that you can learn my history like in an African American
diaspora class I’m in pain because you all don’t see the bigger picture you see
what’s in front we just see the bigger picture here’s the bigger picture
Morehouse and Spelman recruit the best and the brightest girls and put them
next to the best and the brightest boys there’s always been white students here
always when I was a student here we called him white Mike that was his dad
any student that comes of this school regardless of their intent they’re gonna
be influenced by you all they have no choice
the reason why we don’t have everything is about money it’s about money it’s not
about anything else but money but look what we do what we have who do we have I
think that students have a right to be on concerns these schools have for a
long time been the only place where you can get an education but more
importantly a place you can get an experience because a lot of our students
are coming from environments where they’ve never seen a black instructor
that fear of oh my god they’re gonna take this from me too is rooted in a
really personal place for a lot of students and I understand that it is a
good thing to expand the applicant pool that you’re looking for people that
criticize that have to understand that the school is trying to figure out a way
to bring in more dollars couldn’t the introduction of the non traditional or
non black students of the HBCU campus uh sure in the gentrification of the HB
to you either we change and we adapt to what’s around us or we’re gonna struggle
a lot and some schools are gonna close because they didn’t want to embrace
what’s coming what is your response to someone that says you’re only here
because your wife essentially that you are an affirmative action admittance in
my case you know it’s not true like I genuinely care about this school and
this mission so I’ll just pass these around is that part of the reason why he
felt it so important to become a student ambassador that’s definitely the main
reason behind it so this is probably not you what you were expecting right a
white student and HBCU giving you the tour right when I was a freshman in high
school we had a Morehouse man and she really embodied that spirit of a leader
and regardless of the racial dynamics of this campus I saw that potential in
myself but I like to know a little bit more
about you so can anybody tell me where they’re from today
Indiana cool Philadelphia how about you okay okay are you guys happy about the
Superbowl and whatnot oh yeah I’m in the 76ers they just won last night right I’m
a Celtics fan just how to put that out there a lot of those first individuals
to gentrify a cultural space of some kind recognize the value or an
opportunity that exists and I’m curious what the difference between you and that
person is I guess the way I try to look at it is how can I contribute to the
campus how can I get involved how can I be engaged how can I make you no one
else a better place in the truest sense so we’re about to enter King’s chapel
this is a kind of a sacred space at Morehouse I think this is a safe space
for black students and other students and I think it should remain that way I
don’t want this to spark a lot of like white students come here I don’t
like that’s not what I want yes better pay more house I don’t know those
numbers I do know that there might be three white students in the entire
school me somebody that’s in the ROTC program and then a Japanese exchange
coming here meeting Thiago this is the first time I’ve ever seen a white male
as a minority why you would want to immerse yourself in a completely black
space I think there was a lot of people off in the beginning but meeting Thiago
and hearing his very honest desire to initiate change and acknowledge the
privilege that he was born with I think it’s a good thing you look this way
right this is century campus every year in May we graduate I think the most
african-american men in the entire world all in one place this used to be a civil
war site think about that from like a spiritual standpoint the most graduating
african-american men are on top of there like the remains of fallen Confederate
soldiers yeah you are going to diversify its students like Thiago that you want
to recruit here not people that want to come here and take something away and
feel no calling to give something back but it’s important to keep in mind that
there are only so many beds and so many desks and when you give one away to even
the most well-intentioned non-traditional student you could be
taking that opportunity from a young black student that may have needed it
more so do you have any feeling of regret or guilt that you took a position
away at this school from a young black man that needed it I will I would be in
a and I will be if I don’t

I Sent Fakes of Myself to Be on TV Around the World

hi I’m Lou the butler last year I got a fake restaurant in a shed to number one on TripAdvisor in London oh just the shed story didn’t seem to die it went on a world tour I’m filled simply brought in Brazilian TV little reenactment special Chinese TV came over to the shed and filmed me for two hours while people commented on it the shed was discussed in Singaporean Parliament in order to help them form new laws on fake news I’ve been endlessly contacted by media from all over the world asking for interviews it doesn’t matter where like the interview is from they asked me the exact same questions so I decided to send fake versions of myself on TV radio and in public for the next six weeks but can I go away with it people like put forward totally fake versions of themselves online nowadays anyway don’t they like you have a sexy you who’s on Instagram I’m like a funny you on Twitter so like why can’t I do that in real life if it works this can only be a good thing and it means that I can spend more time on nothing I’m gonna host auditions to find these like bettered versions of myself what we’re doing here is we’re trying to get at the tune of people who will be me at media events I want to find the genuinely best person to do it I believe you’ve seen the Shedd documentary right sure is the opening of the shed documentary much sure if you’ve seen it yup 40 million people listen to this and now I want to be the 40 million and first person to hear it the shed is the number-one rated restaurant in London you’ve got every foodie celebrity and blogger in the city trying to get a table but the problem is until now it didn’t exist I like getting to know the character and then becoming that character amazing yeah what’s the bet what’s your like favorite thing I like planned gangsters or serial killers I’ve kept a few things I have a little bit of like yeah real-life serial killers and things all that yeah they judge from work again I try to check that’s all good we’re gonna do a roleplay where I’ve just met you I’m like a producer I’ve brought you in and then I’ll realize you’re not me that’s not you no no yes so but you maybe change my hair a bit but it’s definitely me look you’ve got to be up we’ve gotta fill a slot in five minutes and you oh come on man let’s get it going I’m very famous only its peak places I am about hi I’m Ava Butler my place make you I mean I’m ever busy though I think someone’s gonna realize if I send a woman it’s up to you it burnt his audition wasn’t great but he looks really good he’s a hotter version of me he’s all over ha tried to again he was gonna be on BBC Radio 2 with Vanessa Feltz at 7 million people had more people than I’ve ever been in front of are you okay to take out your piercings and stuff as well never took air there you go so where did the idea come from so I was a few years ago I was working writing fake reviews for restaurants on very shed intellects 15 calls a day and I need to talk to you and Vanessa about a project on Monday not clean shoes it all started for fun I was taking I was taking the pitch I was having a laugh at the shed I’ve been living in the ship converted shirts for sure how is easy enough yeah this is so ridiculous like I’m gonna have like ex-girlfriends colleague everyone be like oh my god ooh be on radio – Wow like well done it’s not gonna be me good luck you nervous you also know but probably thinking we almost got ratted out sure that we but that shows that ID looks nothing like they comes up with a picture obviously when you’re signing up a registration page but eighteen screener there’s a picture definitely there’s something just about some on the radio that we need to listen to seven million people listening Luba joins me in the studio right now good afternoon nothing well it’s sort of started from from what’s working and writing fake reviews it doesn’t make a good review um I think it’s the most good review hmm why would you bother with this thank you so much interesting to meet you that’s me so I thought the whole thing had gone terribly but I couldn’t have been more wrong people were went on device and read the story we had a spike in website traffic because it done so well I sent him on Indian TV in fact getting it for the perspectives from Butler himself I get tons of likes from Indian fans on Facebook because he’s the hot a version of me the next thing that I get is an interview for like Bulgarian TV over Skype hello hi you can hear me I decided to go for this incredibly charming actor that’s just behind me back there but I didn’t want to leave any of its chance so I fed him the answers to the questions yeah well I tricked everyone I like to think of myself as Monet of fast I like to paint with nonsense The Washington Post did an article called me the Donald Trump of TripAdvisor I look I’ve got the same hair as them you know it’s just me who buy gas in it well the shadows in a hearing in their Parliament about like fake news great are you real am i real is anything real caught a body could a journalist this is misleads our strength it’ll provide enough sense that yeah I wrote a kind of template mystical Disney before she become anti everyone my us is any medical easy school they wanted to come into the studio but I’ve said nicely it’ll just be on the phone so five live we’re doing a stationwide special about like the morality of fake reviewing how would you feel about going on the BBC as me no this is about the brain given the fact you’ve got like a background in like anthropology and you were brilliant journalist absolutely he basically goes on a tour of Britain as me so while I was just stay around on my sofa the whole of Great Britain thinks that I’m a smart going the next thing that I get is an invitation to go on Australia’s biggest breakfast show so I decide to go for like the closest thing that I can find and that’s my own flesh and blood my brother this is by mile the most risky one we’ve done right just look good morning morning shower is the morning it’s that biggest biggest morning show in Australia you happy that we’re done here no okay you’ve actually been on the channel and met the people before you’ll be fine because the first they’re gonna see of you is like you scream do you think that it’s going to work no so my brother was about to be interviewed in the same studio with the same presenters on the same show in front of like the biggest audience in Australia and we had done no preparation he did his first or the interview with us last December yeah absolutely they were all absolute nonsense were just barely so good an uber Butler joins us once again from London good morning to it was actually last year that you infiltrated Fashion Week but why did you go back to the designer of piane jeans recently I guess I wanted more people to hear the story what do you hope that people take out of what you’ve done now with the fashion world the identity fluidity that the Internet has brought us I’m not even the same person I was a year ago there’s something fun there as well losing yourself in it we’ve a delight to talk to you again thank you so much for being with us thank you for me my team of ubers represented me to millions of people from all over the world I’ve got follow-up interviews tons of new fans opportunities but they literally did a better job at me than I could ever imagine nice so now they’d put like all the hard work in I could sit back and reap the benefits I got nominated for a prestigious award for journalists content creator of the year [Music] [Music] not only was this dumb idea possible ie optimized me as a brand thank you so much for this award I really enjoy it thank you so much if I can some fakes to represent them why can’t everyone else [Music] ever feel like you’re not quite making the most of your life whether it’s during that big presentation or the morning after the night before but you can always find an uber uber is the world’s first service which enables you to order a look-alike of himself you can step into your life and optimize it [Music] [Applause] [Music] wanna impress your date [Music] vivid up high [Music] that DJ set becoming a train wreck uber car [Music] designated driver had one too many you know what to do [Music] [Applause] [Music] uber car optimize your identity it’s a creator of the year what happened and I said I took over here thank you no no no that’s for my mom yeah you can have it oh no no no you’re not allowed it

Nayantara’s Necklace | Konkana Sen | Royal Stag Barrel Select Large Short Films

It’s natural Style should be effortless… Cool Cool In all my travels… Hong Kong, Tokyo… I would pick up any random thing… and it became my style! Now what should I say? Say anything..impress me.. Uhmm… We booked a Kathmandu tour from The World Traveler Agency but I had to cancel last minute… Dheeraj’s exams got suddenly pulled up. Wine? Wine? What are you going to go and order there? Yoghurt? No, I’ll drink fresh lime soda No, Chardonnay! What? It’s the name of a wine. Chardonnay Vintage chardonnay Not chardonnay. It’s chardonnay. Chardonnay! Cha…Chardonnay. Cha…Chardonnay. Glass or bottle ma’am? Do you want me to pass out? Just say bottle! Bottle This is how you swirl the wine Smell it! Take one sip It should show in your eyes that you gargle with wine, everyday. Have you ever had wine with anyone other than Samar’s dad? Babes! You’re damn naive! I don’t know… I feel strange inside! What do you mean strange? What if someone catches me? Oh! Chill out… relax… drink some wine Wine gets you intoxicated and in intoxication, there’s.. Romance! What is romance? Romance…It’s not Bollywood’s songs, is it? No.. Or a card for valentines day? That’s also not romance So then what is romance? Nayantara… Your name itself sounds like a poem! Aww.. My name is Alka… Sounds like Alka beauty parlour.. Alka beauty parlour! You’ll have just come from dubai right? Hello! Hi! I’m out.. No I’m waiting for the bus. here meet my friend..Alka. Hello.. Samar and her son Dheeraj are in the same school. Did the people from the bank call? Should I call you in sometime, once she’s gone.. This happened in the Mahabarata also… The character Vidur… watched the entire war from a distance How? Television! What’s the difference between then and now? There was surgery then… There’s surgery even now. And planes? Babes are you on fb? FB? What will I talk about? Why? Anything… Politics, sports.. food… Fashion? I can’t do all this.. I don’t even have any friends Except for Mrs. Malhotra The one who stays in D 206 Her son and Samar is this enough? Yes They go for karate together But even my conversation with her the belt, yellow belt if he’s sick, then which medicine should he take? If he is fine… then which medicine worked? I can’t talk about all this with him, can I? The water is boiled! Anyway… there’s a kitty party in my building They call me but I don’t go do you know why? Firstly I have to make food at home and take it with me then I have to deal with their comments clothes, husband oh no, I can’t even turn off the gas Refrigerator, microwave too much going on.. What if he grabs me? What do you mean? In 10th grade.. he grabbed me from behind What if he grabs me from front this time? Why would he do that? It’s not like he is uneducated He is the CEO of a big company He’d have some manners Has this ever happened to you? Why do you keep asking me? You asked me for advise and I’m giving you some. It feels like I have an exam I don’t know what I was thinking I shouldn’t have taken it up And this Girish he turned out to be such a smart ass! What if he traps me? I don’t think ill be able to do this Let it go, then! Ya… What is the use of being so tense for nothing? You should enjoy it Not be scared! Forget about it! Anyway, It’s almost time for me to pick up Samar from Karate. Have one more cup of tea? I’ll pass! You finish your work… Bye Oh and send me the dry cleaner’s number. Bye. Facebook, its really strange. Old people, new faces. Why? Did you get a friend request from a boyfriend? No, he’s not boyfriend we were together in school Oh, okay. We would just make eye contact then and now I see him on facebook after all these years And he says he used to like me in school! Stupid. He used to like you? Yes So sweet. And you? Me? No!!! I just chat with him I’ll write two lines he’ll write a paragraph It feels good Don’t go beyond chatting! If you turn on your webcam make sure your scarf is on You never know what becomes porn these days Just hi, hello goodbye and fuck off I keep ignoring him but he sent me a song the other day! I didn’t even hear it! he stays in Malaysia? Yes, Kuala Lumpur You must have travelled the entire world right? One or two trips abroad a year Next year, US, Disney Land Samar’s choice Every kid should go to Disney land, at least once Yeah. That’s true. New places, new hotels I love the smell of a five star hotel if I had it my way I would stay in a five star hotel my whole life! When we were living in Dubai I had a walk in closet The size of an apartment here is the size of a balcony there Imagine! So then why did you leave it all to come here? Why? People are coming to India I don’t want to live like a second-class citizen, anywhere Be careful Samar! It must be a really expensive flight right? Malaysia to Bombay? Depends, business or economy? Must be business he must not be paying for it himself the company will pay for him right? But still I mean… He’s coming all the way just for one night Alka.. I want to see him just once!!! I want to see him just once!!! Will you go to meet him dressed like this? Why? Wait, wait… Now! Wow! Now you look like the one who’s come from Kuala Lumpur! Oh! I have something for you. It’ll go well with this… This must be really expensive It is! It’s some vinatge designer Bought it in Singapore I had to fight with Rishi to buy it That makes it more valuable Chardonnay! How much is it? I’m giving it to you We’ve been neighbours for a while now “I could never keep you happy!” He hit her with brooms, shoes, anything he found! “Loan, loan. Money. Money.” That’s all they talked about But why he had to kill his little son? Rich people can’t deal with losing money What was the child’s name? Samar They just came back from Dubai They were in a huge debt The husband only fired the bullet The child and the wife, both died! A glass of chardonnay Starters? Yeah, anything.. We’ll have some bruschetta Thank you That’s a lovely necklace It’s vintage. Bought it from Singapore. Very nice So you travel a lot? One or two trips abroad a year, usually Pleasure with business Actually… thank you… sometimes he is so busy that we only get to chat on Facetime And in hotels, there’s the pool side There’s so much to do in five star hotels, for children If I had it my way I would stay in five star hotels my whole life! Mine is the opposite! When I enter a five star I feel so strange I find it all so fake the elevators, the music the water nobody feels like family everybody is just serving you Bloody hell, everything is just a job! At first I used to enjoy this lifestyle but now all of this feels empty You know what I like? I like something simple Maybe a good show on TV A sweet wife Children doing homework at home while I watch television and then I get irritated by the sound the cooker is making you know? The mundane. Just simple and usual. Next year, we’re going to the US Disney land, Samar’s choice Actually Girish every kid should go to Disney land at least once right? Cheers!

How I Faked My Way to The Top of Paris Fashion Week

[Music] tell me about that time you faked your way into Paris that a week right so I spend a lot of my time walking around markets one of the things that I’ve become particularly obsessed with is knockoff friends via Klein Pierre calvini but there’s one I love more than any of those Giorgio Fabiani who is Giorgio pepperoni I like Giorgio Pisani because it doesn’t even really sound like Giorgio Armani does it the logo looks absolutely nothing like it but people are still buying his jeans Giorgio pavani is doing everything that a successful fashion designer needs to do apart from exists in to help Giorgio pavani reach his full potential I’m gonna become him and go to Paris Fashion Week [Music] the first step was making a website play on the computer for a little bit we’re online I get some cards done all of my networking tools at my fingertips so the last step was buying a stack of giorgos jeans and heading to Paris can I get an entrance card for Paris Fashion Week I arrived into this Center in Georgia pavani the designer slapped down the card and just act casual five minutes later they come back and hand me this Giorgio pavani has got himself an entrance have yani thank you Cheers Fabio Viviani like that Giorgio had gone from bricks the market to Paris water culture so I’m drinking free booze mingling with like bloggers models compliment in people on their balance Iago sandals Georgia I’m kind of like the younger thug of fashion but I want to know like how far can I take this you say street wear as a religion and heavy Arnie constantly sins is ok if I try that on I want to try the most expensive dress in the room I am gliding around looking stunning and nobody is saying a word other than my nice shoes yeah of course I get invited to this night with a bunch of Italian designers I get chatting to this menswear model named Jean and talk me through a conversation I stopped him and I go John I need to see you in these jeans he disappears for a second comes back and he’s in these red heavy Arne jeans and I’m just nodding I go what do you think he just goes I love the design it’s so populist not only is it he who likes my trousers I get talking to this buyer from Milan I asked her would you sell Giorgio Pisani jeans in Milan and she says you know what Giorgio I think I would they love these jeans influences the poor on Fashion Week Pavarotti at that point has gone from being on a market to being broadcasted to like 700,000 people around the world my emails are filled with people inviting Georgia pavani to their events are they going to let George oppa Vianney into the after-party people killed to be at these parties like they surely they’re not gonna let a man who doesn’t exist into them [Music] so then Alexis shows up and we end up out in Paris until 4:00 a.m. so without even exist in Giorgio Papillon II had infiltrated blogs catwalk parties georgette pavani was the toast of Paris Fashion Week those one question that consistently evaded me who is George oppa be honey so I google his name and after three pages of scrolling through results I see something an address that’s in London if Georgia pavani is real this is the gun but if I’m gonna meet the real georgette heavy Arnie I can’t show up empty-handed hi how are you I am the real Georgia Parvati I own the Georgia peony prime yeah John how easy hello Patel yeah just whoa oh you’ve come to pick a box of yeah yeah yeah just what sorry well so that net is that an order yeah someone’s want to hear great genes so do you remember the moment that you came up with the name George Europa Vianney well we were looking into the names and then we decided like okay George or Parvati sounds nice it looks good with the Georgia as well people when they want to buy Armani Jeans that you know the cost one hundred and fifty quid our jeans will cost them about 3035 but the quality we make sure we maintain is very high standard how do you feel about me having called myself Georgia pavani come to Paris Fashion Week I was happy that somebody’s at least had to look into it and so that this problem can move further so now we’re trying to do a media campaign on the Georgia pavani it’s good to be setbacks we’ve done something for you I’m taking George up Evian into the top [Music] look good visitin fabiani lookbook [Music] [Laughter] [Music] no they couldn’t what about this look that’s crazy looks like quite fashionable in a ng yeah I love this jacket we used to do like 16 different colors in the jackets and Jean know we’re here do you think we might be able to bring that back everything look it looks like the Laurel old schools coming back again yeah the real joejoebee are needing doors look thanks I’ll get to you no no thank you for creating the the legend that is Georgie up everyone [Music] [Music]

An Insignificant Man (Feature Length)

For the past seven years He had been working here
as a land officer Helping farmers claim
their stolen land back The politicians are
like the mafia here Brijlal had complained
to the police But the police
took no action They ran the jeep over
him again and again Crushing him
into little pieces The family thinks they
are next Can we get the supreme
court to intervene? Father knew that they
would kill him I was there too
and tried to stop them They drove after me,
so I ran for my life And I went to
the police But it was too late – Were there any
other witnesses? There were
some women But they were all
too terrified Do you have documents to
support your father’s work? – Yes, we do Should we put up
posters all over town? People need to know
what is happening here – Everybody knows – There are plenty
of such cases There are no
official eye-witnesses Without a witness,
the law can’t do anything The eye witnesses are
all too scared to testify The law only punishes
common people Not politicians Long years ago We made a tryst
with destiny At the stroke of the
midnight hour When the world sleeps India will awake To life and freedom Big story we’re
breaking tonight It’s certainly very disturbing
what is emerging Multi-billion dollar
telecom scam $287 billion coal scam Dozens of companies
managed to corner billions of dollars using proxy
political connections which cut across
party lines All parties have come together
to fool the country The biggest names in politics,
in corporate India and the bureaucracy It seems like we’re living
in the age of scams It seems that our
political establishment is steeped in corruption All our anti-corruption
agencies are compromised Can we expect this parliament
to pass a strong Anti-Corruption law? We are being looted,
we are being robbed We dared to raise our
voice against corruption And we drafted an
Anti-Corruption Bill The Anti-Corruption Bill is to be
tabled in parliament next week The Anti-Corruption Bill
is rubbish! – We won’t let it pass! – Please behave! Unless All the people of this country
take to the streets on 16th August There is no hope If the Egyptian people can
come together at Tahrir Square to overthrow
their government All we’re asking for
is a new law The path he has chosen To impose his draft of a
bill upon parliament Is totally misconceived And fraught with
grave consequences For our parliamentary democracy Are you saying that they
should contest elections? Is that what you’re challenging
them effectively? Absolutely, you’re right I want them to
come into politics I’ll never fight
an election I have a few dreams
for this country Anti-Corruption Bill
is one of them Good judicial system
is another Electoral reforms and
decentralization of political power So that participatory
democracy is there If anyone knows how the Indian
political party system functions It’s Yogendra Yadav Yogendra Yadav, then
give us the solution Having reached this point and having
reached some kind of a dead end I think the only
way forward is Political in the more
obvious sense of the term Which is by forming a
political organization By contributing to
a political alternative Let’s move on to the big
news story of the day Arvind Kejriwal will fight
in the Delhi Elections A political party of honest people
has no chance in the country You will all lose
your deposits So, the big question
we are posing Can Kejriwal really succeed
as a politician? We need to build an
organization first Ten volunteers in every
neighbourhood in Delhi And one person to
supervise them This is our top priority Now tell me how many volunteers
each of you can find Get back to me on this Give me your names
– Ramesh Pandey What do you do, Ramesh? – I am a manager
at Barclays Does that mean you will
quit your job to work here? – Yes I will.
I believe in you – I’m a huge admirer! The way you fearlessly deliver your
speeches is really inspiring I mean such a small man exposing
such powerful people! You’re doing a great job – Give me your number If you need any help,
come meet me I’m here every Sunday
– Every Sunday Yes, in the morning You don’t need
an appointment – Sir, I have a project Every year we help 1001 girls
from poor families get married As charity,
there is no fee Look, how long can
we depend on charity? First we exploit
the poor and then we make
generous donations How will marriage
help them? Shouldn’t we look to increase
their income instead? To empower people
by changing the system? But changing
the system will take a long time I’m sorry I disagree
with you on this Charity is the easy
thing to do No one wants to
change the system “It will take too long” So what? We need to
start somewhere Leave charity to
the rich So don’t include
me in charity But I’ll be there if you
need blood, sweat and tears [Volunteer] People don’t
want to listen to us How do we assure them that
we are not like other parties? And how do we convince
them to support us? We were all part of the extraordinary
protests two years ago Back then, none of us
had imagined joining a political party
– True Millions of people took
to the streets They were tired
of corrupt politics They wanted to shake up
the establishment and throw out the emperors
and their crowns There are also
questions like “What if you don’t
get enough seats?” “Which party would
you ally with?” Our stand is very
clear on this We can say to anyone
who asks such questions “We promise that under
no circumstances will we form alliances
with any political party and compromise
on our principles” More importantly We will bring decison-making
to the public Does your road need
repair work? What should be the cost? And were the repairs
satisfactory? All such documents will
be open to the public Yogendra Yadav,
I have to say that I was surprised when you came on
board with Arvind Kejriwal For the last twenty years I have been associated with
peoples’ movements – Which wanted to go
to a political alternative? Not just wanted to,
they actually tried but it didn’t make it
because it was not viable – But do you think
Arvind Kejriwal is that person? Arvind has energy he has
out of box thinking He has the ability to cut through various
things and come to the core – He also has a reputation of being
extremely intolerant of other people’s views The extent to which
you bring energy is the extent to which you
drive the movement So those who bring energy
also give leadership I have a question
– Go ahead On election day will you arrange transport
for the voters? Look, we don’t have money If you can all arrange
something for yourselves… We are fighting the
same battle So do the other parties
arrange transportation? – They hire a cab for us
– Right [Volunteer] Go in their cab
but vote for us instead – I would rather not – Try walking this time, sir
– Huh? – It’ll be a satisfying walk
– I’ll try this time We can all book a
cab together Don’t we book cabs
when we go out? Elections are much
more important We don’t, but many people
accept money for votes – Political parties buy them off – They distribute alcohol
and money just before elections [Volunteer] Take their bribes but
vote for Kejriwal instead It’s a secret vote so
they won’t find out No, that’s just wrong We should honour our promise One shouldn’t lie [Journalist]
That’s ridiculous ma, Where is the honour
in accepting bribes? I swear that as long as I live I will never take a bribe nor will I give a bribe I swear that from today onwards I will never accept
liquor or money in exchange
for my vote I see a lot of you
aren’t committing Because alcohol is
too hard to give up Everyone here loves
their drink You’ve been a three
term Chief Minister You’re completing fifteen years
as Chief Minister of Delhi So far your opponents from the
BJP have been lacklustre This time around there is a person
who has come out of nowhere And so the space that he’s occupied
becomes extremely important What is his status? Except that he keeps on
talking about himself And then he changes tracks He said we’re only interested in the
Anti-Corruption movement Now he’s entered politics So what is their policy?
What are they going to do? People may find
it interesting to see someone
enter politics But when it comes to
selecting governments People are serious about it They just don’t get carried away [Radio]♪92.7 FM – Inside Delhi’s Heart♪ “Satyagraha” – A film inspired by the Anti-Corruption
protests is releasing today Superstar Ajay Devgn is playing
Arvind Kejriwal in the film Do watch this one guys You, and this entire system are corrupt to your rotting core
– Shut up! The people have decided to
join forces and fight corruption If the country’s future is
shrouded in darkness then ours is hopeless, too This is why we need to
change this system Not by protesting
but by entering politics Let’s gather young idealists
to form an honest party Everyone will support us! Mr. Kejriwal How was the film? Did you find it similar
to your story? Well, the film arrives at the
same conclusion that we did after
the protests Do you think your path is justified
because the film celebrates it? Do you disagree? But the film also raises
questions about indiscipline and about how crowds
never make rational decisions Are these issues important?
– Yes, they are important The film does answer
these questions You talk about
indiscipline In the film, a family has been
fighting for seven years to get its land back from
the government What choice do such
people have? You expect them to
be “disciplined”? Are you implying lawlessness
is a solution? Who makes these laws?
Whom do they serve? Do they exist only to serve
the powerful? The law is meant to
protect us, not them Now the biggest
question is will people actually
vote for him? If Arvind Kejriwal has won
over the people of Delhi Will they win the
election for him? We’ll ask him these questions
after the break Can I talk to you?
– Huh? I have come across some
sensitive information It’s in these documents What are these documents?
– Government papers I have a letter here An informer brought this
to us yesterday This government
has terrible luck All their secret letters end
up in our hands Who here is troubled by
rising electricity prices? All of you? This poor woman has been slapped
with a massive electricity bill Why this sudden
hike in prices? Why is electricity
so expensive? We are here to
tell you why Sit down for two minutes Why has electricity
become so expensive? Let’s go back to 2002 Electricity was
privatized that year Sheila Dikshit had promised us
that these private companies would put an end
to electricity theft and hence reduce our
electricity prices Did she promise this or not?
– Yes she did It’s been 11 years since Electricity theft is now rare
but has electricity become cheaper? – No In fact, our bills have
tripled since Do you know who decides
electricity prices in Delhi? DERC is a government
regulatory body It stands for Delhi Electricity
Regulatory Commission In 2010, the DERC chairman
was a man named Berjinder Singh The power companies
went to him with reported losses
of $135 million and demanded a price hike Berjinder Singh asked to
see their accounts He was shocked at
what he discovered The companies had suffered
no losses at all On the contrary, the companies had
made profits worth $600 million Berjinder Singh immediately decided to
slash electricity prices by 23% He was going to issue this order
on 5th May, 2010 Sheila Dikshit wrote to Berjinder Singh
on the previous night And told him to stop
the order immediately This is the letter she wrote Where did all the
money go? It has all gone
to the corporations! And what did they
do with the money? With his eyes firmly set
on the Delhi elections Arvind Kejriwal has now
made power and water His poll planks apart
from corruption We are the best power producing
state in the country And it still remains
the cheapest Mr. Kejriwal
has taken it up I don’t think the common
man believes it Are we heading now for
a way of fighting corruption which is about
naming and shaming Putting names out there and
stating the charges For a very long time all the
main political parties of this country have followed a code of silence Where you don’t talk about
political collusion And we won’t talk about
conflict of interest You don’t talk about
one company I wouldn’t talk
about another In democracy such codes
need to be shattered A rank outsider has come
and shattered that How is everything? Hello – They began
beating Akhilesh And we tried our best
to protect him We didn’t fight back – They were carrying chains The police was there too?
– The police just watched One of the policemen
took off his name tag and handed his own stick
to one of the goons Some of our volunteers were
watching from a distance We only tried to
protect ourselves and waited for
help to arrive After that we protested in
front of the police station Don’t expect anything
from the police The police is controlled
by the politicians And they have
all the power Our domain is amongst
the people We have to draw them
to our battleground You have to make
this incident public This has to end Last night at 10:30 PM
in Model Town Our volunteer Akhilesh was
attacked with rods and chains His head was
severely injured They think violence
will break our spirit – No! Never! If violence is their solution I am ready to submit myself
to their rods and chains This is exactly the kind of
politics we want to end We must stand up against
their repression Or else… Thank you Unless we act they will continue
to trample us I have decided to go on
an indefinite hunger strike I will survive only on water Until the people of Delhi
show courage and stop paying their
unfair electricity bills Our volunteers are
working with the belief that it’s possible
to end corruption Don’t be afraid 112,000 people have
signed letters of dissent Have faith, we will
only grow stronger If the electricity or water
officials come knocking drive them away Who owns electricity and water?
Sheila Dikshit or us? Sheila Dikhsit’s or ours? – They belong to us!
It’s ours! It belongs to us
not the corporations We must take back
what is ours – Delhi’s heart will burn until,
You take back your unfair bills Delhi’s heart will burn until
You take back your unfair bills I hoped and prayed for
Sheila Dikshit’s victory But who knew she would snatch
the bread from our mouths And deprive us
of basics Over 400,000 have
joined us in this fight Make it ‘In this struggle’ It’s done, tweet it! I’ve been overcharged
again and again But our last bill
crossed the limit Authorities promised to
check for errors But did nothing [Congress]
The people of Delhi have seen us work hard
for the last 14 years We have won three
times in a row People have
chosen us – Why did Sheila Dikshit
write a letter to DERC when they were
about to slash prices? Do you have an answer? [Congress] No, there is no
such letter [AAP] We have the signed
letter with us – DERC is independent! – Can I make a point? Don’t turn this into
a shouting match – I’m not shouting
I have a loud voice -That is all the news
we have for today – Thanks, brother! Nice to meet you Manish
– Same here Your associate Kumar
is an old friend Yes, he’s told us
everything about you So, what of it? In politics, everybody has stories – The curtain has been lifted
– We are all in the same boat You’re an infant in politics,
still learning to walk Don’t hunt what
you can’t kill People have started
noticing us The other parties
ignored these issues But only because
of the strike electricity and water will
steer the elections The electricity bill is $900
and water bill is $60 I don’t have that
kind of money The calculation within the party
is that 1 million signatures would mean touching
4 million potential voters How many people have
we reached so far? We have all the data
on our systems Give me an estimate From 13 neighbourhoods we have about…
– 600,000 people? We are with you If anything happens to you
we will end our lives too We promise you
We will fight for you – We support you Over a million
people have joined us in our protest against
Sheila Dikshit Today we are one step
closer to our goal I have decided to
end my fast These 1,049,300 protest letters reflect the anger of
the people of Delhi The letters hold Sheila Dikshit’s
corrupt government responsible for inflated electricity
and water bills These letters were to be
received by her today Instead they were
received by her staff We asked her secretary,
‘Will she not meet us?’ He replied,
‘The minister is sleeping’ I’ve seen you on TV The Congress Vice President
was on TV 24×7 Performing for the camera But all they got was 27 seats
in Uttar Pradesh Elections aren’t
won on television Journalists were confident
they would win at least 100 I estimated 30 seats
out of 403 And they won 27 – How many will we
win in Delhi? I’ll tell you when the
time comes Let’s focus on the
job at hand [Volunteer]
We’ll definitely win Not yet Not right now Our credibility is our
biggest strength Our candidates must be clean
– Yes, all 70 of them One bad candidate and
everything falls apart 16 Congress representatives 9 BJP representatives have charges of murder
and rape against them I promise that if any
of our candidates are found guilty of a
criminal charge We will revoke
their candidature A corrupt person cannot
enter the parliament And I challenge the BJP &
the Congress to stop nominating
corrupt candidates [Anchor] The BJP’s representative
on our session this afternoon Member of the National Executive
of the BJP – Mr. Sanjay Kaul Alright! So the die is heavily
loaded against me Look we have established
a vast system We have an office in every
corner of the country It has taken us
a lifetime BJP is 50 years old Congress is over
100 years old The AAP will take
decades to catch up This is just how politics
works in this country – Boo!
– Trust me, this is how it is When I was younger I was also in love with
the idea of revolution But this is no place
for emotions It just doesn’t
work like that Someone once said,
“Revolutionaries make great lovers but they make lousy husbands” They are good for flings
but not for settling down Do you know any
good people? Don’t worry, you’re
not on trial – No sir, it’s not that I am asking you to simply
identify honest people In other parties candidates buy
their way into the system We are asking
our volunteers to find upright candidates – I’ve sent you a text message Please read it – What’s in it? They are my credentials
I am nominating myself I suggest we look for people
other than ourselves – How much time do
we have to find someone? There’s plenty of time We will not stop until we
find strong candidates – When you say
“strong candidate” do you mean
a rich person? No, wealth
isn’t a criterion – Or a local goon
capable of murder? Certainly not A strong candidate is someone
with deep community ties Someone who
people admire The food subsidy system
in Delhi has failed The government spends billions
of dollars on food subsidy But the
reality is bleak We filed information
petitions across Delhi This scared the subsidy
officials into doing their job People finally began
receiving food They tried to intimidate me I was physically attacked during
our food subsidy campaign – Aren’t you afraid
for your life? No I’m not afraid because somebody
has to do it [Reporter] The AAP has released
a list of selected candidates Joining us now
is Arvind Kejriwal Candidate profiles can be
found on our website We are going to ask
people for feedback – In my opinion one
of the biggest problems in political parties is
sycophancy and yes-men How can we prevent this? – If I am the sole decision
making authority Then there will be a
personality cult But in our party, volunteers will
have decision-making powers Volunteers will decide
their candidate Potential candidates will
now come up and speak I had never imagined
I’d join politics But a decade of grassroots
work with Arvind helped me understand
a few things For instance, while fighting
for food security They tried to
get us killed They tried to
buy us out We were offered obscene amounts
of money to back off We were able to resist them
only because of Arvind… I know he doesn’t
like being praised I am fighting elections
there’s no doubt about it But from which constituency
I haven’t made up my mind Three-time Chief Minister
Sheila Dikshit We join her now What is the AAP Their volunteers
are all outsiders Is it a party? Can it compare with
the BJP and the Congress? This election vote for the AAP – Very happy to meet you, sir
– Thanks Tell your friends and family We bring flowers of love,
not guns and ammunition Go ahead and punish
the guilty Go ahead and punish
the guilty But don’t think of all
Muslims as terrorists Sing with me! Let’s live together as
brothers and sisters Sing it! Sheila Dikshit won the last 3 elections
from the same constituency in Delhi I have decided to fight
these elections against Sheila Dikshit
on her home turf I will bear true
faith and allegiance To the Constitution of India As by law established And that I will uphold the
sovereignty and integrity of India Is there anything that can
obstruct my application? Most importantly the affidavit
should be filled completely Will you tell us if there are
any irregularities in the form? We’ve double checked
everything but… No, in case of a discrepancy
we’ll notify you right away Immediately?
Oh, that’s great We’ve gone over it several times
but you never know… A very nice cartoon has come
out today in the papers where I’m asking a journalist,
“What is Kejriwal’s stand?” We don’t understand The next panel shows
Kejriwal responding “What does she mean by saying
what is my stand? My stand is to stand
for the elections!” Madam, look up! There was a time When politicians went
door to door for votes But now money is
used as brute force We need to counter this Nothing can beat a good
door-to-door campaign Hello, I’m from the AAP Do you know our election symbol?
– Yes I do! What is it?
– The broom Have you heard
of the AAP? – Yes, Arvind Kejriwal! He’s a good man
– So will you support us? On voting day?
– Yes, of course Thank you They will spare
no expense You will see their posters
in every corner of the city You may not see
our posters But we’ll knock on each
and every door in Delhi Are we ready? – Yes, sir Sheila Dikshit will
lose this time We will win We’ve collected $300 in
ten minutes This is how we’ll fund
our election campaign Yes? Hello? I am on TV right now I can’t talk right now – We talk about the need
for transparency in politics But it does not exist
in our own party We want volunteers to have the final
word on candidate selection – Are you saying only their vote
decides the final candidate? – Yes, volunteers must decide the
final candidate… – No, wait What if I don’t agree with your
choice of candidate Can I then choose not to
campaign for that candidate? You’ve always said that the volunteers
will be the final judge – I never said I won’t have
a say in it… – No you did…
– Hang on The volunteers will
decide… right? – You are nothing
without us, sir Manoj, calm down Just like a
democracy right? In some areas we have
as few as 30 volunteers Let’s say there are
four candidates The first candidate
gets 8 votes The second,10
and third, 12 Should the person with
12 votes get the spot? Are they the strongest
candidate? How can 2 votes determine the
strength of a candidate And there should
be no deliberation? Is this
democracy? What have you reduced
democracy to? These are your
own words, sir You built this party to give
greater power to the people Greater power does not
mean absolute power The idea is to have a dialogue,
I need to have a say as well Then what about
our rights? Why are we
even voting? – Your right?
Yes – You think this
is your right? – Isn’t it? I am only asking Are you doing this
for your rights? I am curious – Yes absolutely
Okay – Don’t take our right
away from us, sir Does everyone
agree with him? – I agree with him Nobody is entitled
to anything If you think
candidacy is a right Leave immediately! And if you want
to broker power leave right now Everyone has their
own coterie You are all lobbying
for your friends Do not lie to yourselves There is a serious
conflict of interest I have no
such interests – The candidate selection
process has been compromised Please sit down This is not an inquisition,
why are you talking like this? – You’re just trying
to confuse us Please sit down Can you please stay? We aren’t done yet Don’t you think
that the party is drifting away
from its ideals? We need a clear
answer from you The party has gone back on its
promise of internal democracy Honestly, we’re not in a position to
follow internal democracy We’re trying to find
a middle ground We’re struggling to fully
realise our principles I sincerely apologise Will an apology
make this go away? In the political sphere,
such things do happen Our intent is sincere
Please trust us I believe anyone fighting
elections is corrupt Then we can’t complain when
our women get raped You worry about your women
I can protect mine Any other issues you feel
the government has ignored? Nobody can change
anything around here Right I am not talking about
the present You are clean
right now We’ll always be clean, sir
– Only time will tell Can we trust a
government that can’t ensure
our food security? No! You are our representative
it’s your duty to make sure
we are heard – Santosh is one of us
and understands our cause and bravely fights
for our rights We call on her to represent
us in the government Use the one with
the big crowds – This is a good shot – The flames look nice
in the dark “You have to fight
corruption to the finish… …and vote for the
broom symbol this time” – Where’s the
poetry in that? Why not read out the
entire candidate list too! A short essay on
each candidate Your poetry is confusing
“The broom will sweep away” The ad should have clearly said
‘Vote for Broom’ Instead, you wanted
to be poetic “The Broom will sweep away” You are not serious
about the movement You made us into intense
people and let yourself go Can’t believe I quit
my job for this Stop making me laugh Now this fight… I can’t dub with you
laughing continuously – Should I be more dramatic? I haven’t even
had dinner – Let it show
in your art The funny thing is people
think he doesn’t laugh at all You, the people, have to
take this fight to the finish Aam Aadmi Party
Election Symbol – the Broom What is the situation? Aam Aadmi Party activist
and candidate from Seemapuri Santosh Koli was
critically injured When a car hit her bike [Police Officer] Did she ever mention
receiving any threats? About 15 days ago,
we were at the market She seemed worried
so I asked her “Why are you upset?
Your campaign is going so well” She said “Some local goons have
threatened to kill me” “They want me to drop out” She was already critical
when she was brought here She was vomiting continuously
so we had to intubate her The next 24 hours
are very critical Only after that we’ll
be able to let you know Santosh started working
with me in 2001 She was just a kid And ever since, she’s been
a younger sister to me She fought for
food subsidies… We are with you, Arvind We will fight!
We will win! They may try to threaten us
They may try to crush us We won’t back down Keep fighting, Arvind
We are with you Please donate
whatever you can This party needs
your support – Her temperature jumped
to 226 degree fahrenheit It was unbelievable It means there’s a
brain haemorrhage She started
bleeding thereafter Neurosurgery
couldn’t do much Any attempts at
recovery were futile Santosh will live in
our hearts forever! Please make space
for her family Everyone else
please step back The battle for
Delhi has begun and while both the
Congress and the BJP continue to downplay the
potential threat from the AAP The fact is for the first
time Delhi will have a truly triangular
contest in the capital Congress Party will live forever! – All parties have kickstarted
their election campaign BJP’s national leader,
Narendra Modi will be speaking at a
massive rally in Delhi Victory to BJP! Mr. Narendra Modi! The Delhi State
elections… will herald… the BJP’s victory
march across India We’ve done countless
demonstrations We pleaded with them Petitioned them We’ve done countless
demonstrations Sorry – One more time – Say it with a
little smile… Right, so let
me rehearse Power has to be taken away
from the corrupt politicians And the common public
shall truly be the rulers This concept is often
missed by the public Decentralization
of political power I know you are talking
about Swaraj But as a concept… People don’t understand that
they are the real rulers Do it like this
Let’s come together… to transform politics to curb corruption – Let’s come together If you want to
end corruption – Let’s join hands if you
want to curb corruption Let’s come together
to curb corruption Your support is crucial
for our cause Okay – Roll please?
– Rolling – Please start, sir Greetings! My name is Arvind Kejriwal We didn’t join
politics to make money We’ve done countless
demonstrations I went on long
hunger strikes You and I both wish
to end corruption We need your support We need your vote We do not have the
money to experiment with this kind
of a video It’s not working
for many reasons You know I like
this idea of Arvind talking directly
to the audience But that intimate connection
we’re looking for is missing He’s very stiff! ♪We will get Congress back♪ ♪For a victorious Delhi!♪ – Do you think this ad will change
how people feel about you? Will this campaign work? Will it make people trust
the Congress again? Be patient, you will get your
answer on election day Wait and watch Come to the office right away
It’s Sanjay Singh – AAP candidate Shazia Ilmi has been caught
in a sting operation agreeing to
stage a protest in return for
campaign funds The sting operation claims
many AAP candidates were willing to do exactly what they accuse
their opponents of in return for money – Massive crisis at
Arvind Kejriwal’s AAP Just ahead of the
Delhi elections A sting operation
video which shows AAP members purportedly
accepting money contrary to their claims They will lose all political capital
built up in the last few months – Yogendra!
Sir! Sir! Will you come speak
on Times Now? [Anchor] What’s going on,
Yogendra Yadav? We thought this is a
party with a difference your candidates
were different This is really low level – Yogendra, the surveys
that you had conducted showed massive
trends in AAP’s favour in several parts
of Delhi With this
sting operation Will the AAP survive? These tapes are edited
and clipped together We wish to see the
unedited versions We request the
owner of the video Mr.Anuranjan Jha who has conducted this
sting operation To give us the
unedited tape [Anuranjan Jha] Why should I give them
the raw footage? I am not obliged
to give them anything I will give it only
to a constitutional body Today, the party that
has blemished the names of so many Itself stands tainted AAP is the
most corrupt party We had lot of
hopes from them But now I want people
to thrash them Because we are accused We shouldn’t have access
to the evidence on the basis of which we
are accused This I’ve heard for the
first time in my life I thought even murderers are given evidence on the
basis of which they are tried The owners of the video refused
to give the raw footage to AAP but have submitted it to
the Election Commission This is the story
that’s breaking The sting operation
on the AAP The party has now accessed
raw footage of that sting from the
Election Commission [Reporter] We want to
hold a protest march If you could make
a small appearance It’ll help us
get attention But we have no proof to back
our claim against them What’s the process
for donation? This is the crucial bit where
they’ve cut the footage But we have no proof to back
our claim against them Can we do something else? Then… We can’t just
accuse like that I’ve been in television
for so long If there’s nothing
concrete We won’t do it “We won’t lie” – “We can’t accuse like that, Only if you have
something concrete” “We won’t do it” “We can’t lie” They cut 14 seconds and
changed the entire story This paints a completely
different picture They deliberately removed
10 seconds from a 3 minute video and those 10 seconds are
the most crucial part This shows that they were only
trying to defame the party Our volunteers and candidates
have suffered a huge setback Who’ll take
the responsibilty? Our reputation was
dragged through the mud Who’ll take the
responsibilty for it? [Journalist] There’s no doubt
that the sting has tarnished your image You will have to agree I’m agreeing on camera that the
sting has hurt the party Why are you stuck
on the same question? Who do you think
is behind this? BJP or Congress? I have no idea The Countdown has begun
for the assembly elections and no election will be watched
more closely than Delhi A fairly healthy debut for the Aam Aadmi Party With 7 seats for them The Congress is expected
to win 27 seats BJP, 32 seats The AAP could
win 8 seats leaving 3 seats
to independents The AAP, 7-12 So the big picture
that is emerging is that the Congress
is ahead Brother, vote for AAP – No, you have
no chance No problem, have a good day Congress and BJP have begun
a publicity blitzkrieg Their ads are in
the newspapers every day They’ve mobilised an army of
workers on ground They have their own
printing presses In the next 15 days
they’ll stir up a storm They have a far
superior organisation – You have repeatedly said
during your campaign that the Congress and the BJP
have no threat from the AAP – Yes… these are the
two traditional parties Arvind Kejriwal did… There is no point in
discussing Arvind Kejriwal His story is finished There are a lot of hopes
attached to you If you lose this
Delhi election a lot of things which can
happen in the national scene will get stalled for a
couple of years or more which is going to be
very, very bad Work 18 hour days
if you have to But you must win This is democracy ‘Rule of the People’ Ever since we were young,
we were told that ‘India is a democracy’ If we asked, “How?” The answer was
“Because we elect our leaders” Elections don’t
define democracy We vote once
in five years And the elected rule
without any accountability That’s not democracy People decide the
change they want and the leaders ensure
its delivered This is the democracy
we believe in Our name is
“Aam Aadmi Party” The party and Arvind Kejriwal
need to be seen as one Arvind’s face, the symbol of the
broom and the ‘AAP’ These three things need to
register in people’s mind Our aim is to disperse
the funds controlled by a few into the hands of the collective The six biggest issues emerging
from our survey in Delhi Water We also concluded
from our meeting today Once again the survey
shows very clearly Water is not only the most
important problem of Delhi It is three times more important
than the next important problem So it has to be
water, water, water! We believe this is a
basic human right and it is the government’s
duty to make it free No party has promised
such a thing We should be the first party to
say these things straight away Any promise apart from this one
must be made with caution If the poor cannot afford the
government’s water bills Will they go thirsty? Do they not have the
right to free water? When the AAP forms
the government 700 litres of free water will be
alloted to every household daily And in 30 days Electricity prices will
be halved in all of Delhi Free water for everyone AAP is for everyone Electricty prices will
bother no more When AAP comes
to the fore Are you being realistic? Or are you succumbing to the
worst forms of populism? Do you not believe you have
been unnecessarily exuberant? Making promises
which are unrealistic Especially cutting the
electricity bill by half and providing 700 litres
of free water to each family Our expectation is not
50% reduction of rates but in the bills that the
consumer finally pays It should lead to
50% reduction [Journalist] So it’s an expectation
not a promise It’s not clear in
the language We’ve spent a lot of time
thinking about the language Mr. Kejriwal has arrived We are with you if you promise
not to demolish our homes You need to ensure
our basic rights – I don’t have the
power right now! We’ll give you the power! Lead the way
we will never leave your side – We are with you! We promise to legalise
your dwellings We promise better
food security And you will all receive
a Social Security ID Yes! We will start
local clinics How will we fulfill these
promises in one year? Fortunately, these plans haven’t
been made public yet – They have, sir Arvind has made announcements
on Facebook & Twitter It’s not cast in stone I think we should still
think carefully This is the last chance
to think carefully We’re getting carried
away in our excitement We are being
optimistic But we cannot
commit this to paper I really think
we should think about it How are you, sir? – Congratulations I am the ex-president of Delhi BJP I have won an election from here as well
– Yes, I am aware You’re on full steam! I have seen rickshaws with
your posters on the back They are definitely impactful
– It’s working You’ve launched a
direct attack! When will your party
declare candidates? [BJP Member] In a couple
of weeks from now We’ve announced
the core team There are rumours about
internal conflicts It’s all part
of the game [Reporter] The BJP has bitten the
bullet over announcing its Chief Ministerial
candidate for Delhi Dr. Clean, Harsh Vardhan
got the nod after a meeting of the
BJP’s parliamentary body Who will we vote for?
– Congress! A lot of people ask “Why did Arvind decide to contest
against Sheila Dikshit?” “This is suicide,
you’ll never win” I can confirm that at the moment
Arvind is leading in your constituency [Announcer]
Arvind Kejriwal needs your support! On election day, when you
cast your votes remember how we transformed
Delhi in 15 years We are not politicians We entered politics because
they compelled us and now the people will
overthrow this government [Reporter] For the first time, Delhi is an impossible
state to predict The fact is, Sheila Dikshit
has been in power For 15 years
now in Delhi BJP is now rising And Arvind Kejriwal has caught
the imagination of the Delhi public – Vote for the Broom
– Vote for Congress 24 hours now
to the Delhi vote Nobody wants to put their neck
on the line on this one It’s going to be a
fiercely fought and extremely close battle
by the looks of it We need to remain vigilant
till the last vote is cast Our work is not
done just yet – It’s the same story before every election Money, alcohol and muscle power
being used to win votes The Delhi Election Commission
has announced a slew of precautionary
measures Flying squads along
with surveillance teams Are carrying
out raids We want to catch
the culprits red-handed Hello? Yes, tell me Is alcohol being distributed?
What’s your location? Open the door right now! Start the machine Press the
green button – Is it done?
– Yes This is for the first time fifty percent
vote mark is being crossed The police is harassing us
and not letting us do our job Calm down Where are you
right now? I’ll do something You can’t arrest
us like this They are obstructing
our volunteers File a complaint over
email immediately We could be seeing Delhi
going for a record poll figure The polls are
now closed The exit polls
are indicating A clear win for
the BJP in Delhi Our own poll
shows that BJP is poised to win
the election with 41 seats while Congress
will have 20 And the AAP
will have 6 seats Our evidence shows
that we were leading until 72 hours
before elections We don’t know
where we are now Exit polls say we
have slid down We are attempting to transform
the politics in this country and Delhi is our
stepping stone The volunteers understand
the importance of winning But we’ve compromised
our ideals to reach here Compromises have to be
made in politics True idealism can only be
practiced in a monastery Politics should be about
realising the ideal You start with an ideal But instead of just
preaching it everywhere We should implement
those ideals in the real world If you want the
advantages of power, You already have
the BJP and Congress who treat politics
as a business The challenge lies in navigating
between idealism and brute reality And in politics, this
challenge will always exist We don’t know what
tomorrow has in store If through some miracle,
you change this system in four days then something is wrong This will be
a long haul We will have to concede
defeat in some battles So that we can
win the war It’s the most anticipated
election result this year Will people repose faith in
Sheila Dikshit? Can the BJP’s HarshVardhan get
to rule Delhi for the first time? I am leaving, mother – Will you be
home late? At 11? 11
Maybe 12 [Election Officer] Counting starts
at 8:30 A.M. In fact counting has just begun – I pray for
your success! Hello! The BJP is leading right now Nangloi Jat goes to BJP Narela, BJP wins – We lost Narela?
By a big margin Who is leading here? Congress
– Okay Who is looking at
Karol Bagh? Will someone respond? Laxmi Nagar Congress is leading, we
are trailing by 1900 votes [Election Officer]
Sheila Dikshit has 1090 votes Arvind Kejriwal… Sheila Dikshit?
– 1090 votes Arvind Kejriwal? – 2556 votes Unbelievable.
Kejriwal is leading! Arvind is leading
by 2000 votes! We are leading
in Timarpur! We’re number one
in Timarpur – Oh wonderful! We’re leading in Santosh Koli’s
area by 8000 votes [News] For all the exit
and opinion polls Something very interesting
is happening in the National Capital Region Has Arvind Kejriwal managed to
successfully steal the agenda away from the BJP right
under its nose? This was meant to
be a referendum for Arvind Kejriwal’s
brand of politics Our candidate Akhilesh, who
was beaten up by the police Is leading by
8500 votes Sir, we’ve won Laxmi Nagar
by 6000 votes Congress party is in big
trouble this morning They are breached in
Narela by the AAP They are breached in
Sultan Pur Majra by the AAP The Congress party has been
breached in Patel Nagar by the AAP The Congress party has been
breached in RK Puram by the BJP It is clear that the
battle in Delhi is now between
BJP and the AAP Congress is nowhere
in the race and a comeback
seems unlikely In the New Delhi
Legislative Assembly counting for 12 rounds
is now over Arvind Kejriwal is leading
by 15,000 votes – Had Arvind campaigned
in my constituency I wouldn’t have
lost by 340 votes – Don’t worry…Winning and losing
is part of the game – Please sit down – Look at the number of
votes you’ve got? That’s the point Just tell me if you’ve
won or lost – He lost Where? Sultanpuri Majra Keep saving your work I don’t want to
lose any data If the AAP has taken
BJP’s spot They need to assess the
situation they’re in Congratulations, Arvind The Election Officer
will speak to you now Mr.Arvind Kejriwal We have just been told
that Arvind Kejriwal has won from the
New Delhi constituency with over 22,000 votes That’s a massive,
massive victory He has defeated Sheila Dikshit,
the incumbent chief minister There on your screens,
Arvind Kejriwal has just come out Look at the euphoria
here at the AAP office I believe that the
people will win, Democracy will win! Victory to Mother India! We have to be a strong
opposition now and show them
how it’s done We’ll raise those standards We rose against not only the
government failure’s but also the opposition’s Long Live
AAP! Long Live
Arvind Kejriwal! This victory belongs
to the people not me I’m an insignificant man – What do you have to say
about the margin of victory? This is a triumph
of the people This shows how frustrated
the common man was This is not my victory I’m an insignificant man The people of Delhi have taken a decision which we respect That’s all I can say just now It’s a stunning debut A political miracle of sorts Debutant AAP is not going to
form probably the next government But, my god what
a performance Congratulations, sir No party is in a position
to form a majority The BJP, the single largest party
in the Delhi Assembly Doesn’t want to take a
shot at government formation Rumblings within the congress
party are growing louder They’ve issued unconditional
support to the AAP How can we take support
from the Congress? It’s out of the question 50% off in electricity bills 700 litres of water
free to everybody Let them fulfill it – You’re not convinced
it is practical? No, are you? Having undertaken this miracle I’m deeply disappointed that they are
running away from their responsibilities and continuing to
be an NGO You have the majority with
the Congress supporting you Form an alliance and
fulfill your promises For the first time in history a government will be formed
in consultation with the people If you think the AAP shouldn’t
form the government please raise your hands About 50 people And now those who think
otherwise, raise your hands Form the government! I don’t agree
– Why? They should fight
another election These people challenged you and that’s why you
formed a party Now you are a
political party Admit you’re a political party
and act like a politician Go ahead and
deliver now! I support Delhi is all set to have
a new government It is history in the making This is a big moment for
Indian democracy But Yogendra, many questions are going
to be raised again and again about what Arvind and
you said earlier That there’s no question of taking
support from the Congress or the BJP How will you avoid the label of
being a party That started off
with politics Not as usual And may have in this choice
ended up embracing Politics as usual? I, Arvind Kejriwal By the grace of God Bear my allegiance to
the Constitution of India And promise to uphold it with
honesty, devotion and loyalty Long live
the revolution! Friends, today is a
historic day Two and a half
years ago We protested in
these very grounds with a demand to end
corruption in India For two years,
we did all we could Fasts, demonstrations,
everything But slowly it became clear This country will not
change until we transform the politics
of this country We will now
take the oath Repeat after me! I swear that as long as I live I will never take a bribe nor will I ever give a bribe Let’s say it again