The Dystopian World of 1984 Explained


In the 1940s, George Orwell published a novel that illustrated a dystopian future. Well, future at the time. (wouldn’t be near future?) In the year 1984, the world has taken an unrecognizable shape. (You mean the world is now a cube?) All remnants of what used to be now destroyed as the 20th century took a horrendous turn. Orwell imagined a world where totalitarianism reigned, (ok) individualism was dead, and reality and history was simply a matter of opinion. (So that means I can change history with my own opinion?) Of course, this never happened, as it was just fiction. (Thank god) But the novel 1984 has resurged in popular culture, because many have made connections between this dark society and our own. (Don’t all governments do this?) Orwell never saw the rise of the internet or the policies of the 21st century, But his novel has been treated by some as almost a foreshadowing. Constant surveillance of every citizen by INGSOC – Constant surveillance by every government against its own citizens – Those sort of connections. ( But don’t all governments do this?) And this has only gotten more popular as more compare this dystopian society and our own. This video isn’t meant to compare our society and Orwell’s – This video is simply a summary of the politics, history, and world in the scenario Orwell crafted. (We’re listening) Unsurprisingly this is going to have some spoilers as this video fully flushes out the world and society of 1984. (Spoiler Alert!) Let’s start off with some history (So I’m in school now?) How does the world become THIS? In Orwell’s novel, the 20th Century is one long tragedy. The potential of humanity and its great path of civilization is entirely squandered in just a few decades. (Wow person who did this must be powerful) Since the novel was published in 1949, it’s not surprising this is where the future begins to go downhill. It all started after World War II and the dawn of the Cold War. (Soviet Union vs USA right?) The precursor division of the world already has begun to be seen. (So people predict the future?) For us, in the 21st century, we know how it ends. Soviet Union falls, nuclear war never happens, etc. But in Orwell’s timeline, there is no decades-long tension of the Cold War between America and Russia. Instead sometime in the early 1950s, World War III breaks out. (Is there a Soviet Union version of Hitler?) Nuclear bombs were used on major cities around the world. (Why wouldn’t Japan be affected? They got nuked, why not again?) Including cole custer, but not London. (Is that a county? City? State?) All we know is Britain was nuked multiple times. (LONDON BRIDGE IS FALLING DOWN!) This was probably around 1954. During the bombings, the Soviet Union invaded all of mainland Europe, (You see why you don’t invade Russia now Hitler?) as its army swept even into the Iberian Peninsula. (Where is that?) The British Iles became the last bastion on the continent. In the aftermath of the war, the West unified (Does the USA become even stronger?) as the United States and the British Commonwealth united into a single country. (Yep) The United States, Canada, South Africa, Australia, New Zealand and Britain formed to create (Sorry for no pictures :P) Oceania. Oceania then went on to Annex Latin America. (That’s Mexico down to South America right?) After this, history gets a little bit fuzzy. (So there is bears everywhere? Or something furry?) What we do know is that because of the traumatic events of the war, unrest occurred in Oceania and the Soviet Union. (REVOLUTION… I think) Sometime after 1954, Oceania fell into Civil War, between capitalism and a new homegrown ideology. This war, by 1984, is referred to as The Revolution. This new ideology won, and under this victory formed itself into a single party, INGSOC. We’ll talk about this in a second, (But I want to now!) but first let’s discuss the rest of the world. (Fine) Sometime in the 1950s and 60s, simultaneous revolutions occurred in the USSR and China. Neo-Bolshevikism united Europe in Russia (What is Neo-Bolshevikism? ) into Eurasia; while China, after fighting amongst itself for a decade, finally formed into Eastasia. (A decade long civil war?) under the nicely named ideology called, Obliteration of the Self. (Sounds like a suicide party) This history that you just learned is something that no citizen in Oceania would know about it, which is a good way to introduce you to this dystopian world. By 1984, the world is divided between these three nations. Oceania, Eurasia and Eastasia. All in a state of perpetual war over an area called, the Equatorial Front. North Africa through the Middle East, India, and Southeast Asia is constantly fought and interchanged between the three superpowers. We’ll get back to that later. Even though the history of the early 20th Century, by 1948, would only be decades ago. They might as well have been thousand. The nations, history, people before INGSOC are simply myths, and what exists is a society that is totalitarianism to its extreme. First, welcome to Britain. Except if you’re a citizen, you’ve never known it as Britain. You know it as Airstrip 1. For many, Britain is a distant memory. The party’s grip on the mind is so powerful What’s once was an unquestionable fact, like a name, is similar to a faint dream you question if it even happened, if it was ever real at all, then you forget about it. This is the most prominent attribute of Oceania: the control of information to such an extent that Facts are not Reality. and reality, can be changed simply on the whim of Big Brother, and the party, INGSOC. INGSOC controls all. INGSOC seizes all. To say it changes society is an understatement, INGSOC destroyed society, and remade it into something where only IT can thrive. Western Civilization is basically dead. Now is only a civilization that exists purely for the party to rule without question. How exactly it did this? We don’t know. Now when I say “party”, INGSOC isn’t a party like the Democrats, Republicans or even Nazis. It’s more like a society within a society as its own separate culture and rules from the majority of the population. Oceania is split between three main classes: the Inner Party, basically the secretive heads of the state, is only 2% of the population; followed by the Outer Party, the bureaucratic, but still devoted educated people, which is 13%; and then everyone else, the Proles, the uneducated, easy-to-manipulate simpletons who live in poverty, never knowing any better. Think of it like the ruling classes of Westeros, they have their own issues and culture, while the masses are simply the mundane peasants nobody really cares about. The Inner and Outer Party is divided between four main sections: the Ministry of Peace, who wages war against Eurasia or Eastasia, depending on who it is at the time; the Ministry of Love which shuts down opposition and close descents; the Ministry of Truth, the propaganda arm of the party, “propaganda” is to put it lightly. This purpose of the party is to rewrite, invent, or destroy any conflicting bit of news and history that goes against the party. News stories tell of war heroes who in actuality don’t exist, that sort of thing; the Ministry of Plenty, deals with economics and rations, it decides who gets what, and what resources must be cut back. Every ministry is housed in pyramids that tower over the London Skyline, 300 metres in the air, or roughly a thousand feet tall. And Oceania, the only one thing that matters, is INGSOC. Since the Proles are too uneducated to matter and are easy to manipulate by either nationalistic pandering, or to create a fake crisis. The party only really has to worry about its own stability to survive, so it doesn’t really monitor or care about the majority of the population. The party only has to worry about its own stability to survive, like a human body, it remains healthy by purging out the harmful educated elements, and those not entirely loyal to the ideology. Decades ago, there were mass purges in the 50s and 60s inside the party. INGSOC removed every threat of the old world to solidify itself among fanatic new supporters by cutting off the population of both the Party and masses from history. INGSOC is able to have a monopoly on facts, for example, the party says it invented the airplane. This is simply fact now, and everyone believes it. The Ministry of Truth rewrites or destroys any evidence of this not being the case. Those in the party who openly questioned this simply disappear or are sent to the Ministry of Love for re-education. Continue in mass until for the most part, it’s a fact amongst the population, that the party did invent the airplane. This is a process, how Orwell describes this, is that simply through the progression of decades, INGSOC was able to normalize attributes that haven’t existed in the West for centuries. Class divided, Ueducation, Mass attrocities Censorship these are allowed to be commonplace because anyone who didn’t agree with it, is either to unimportant or dead to care, then solidify this base with youthful and nationalistic young adults, and you’ve got a healthy future for your ideology. INGSOC ideology runs so deep, children are more likely to openly report their own parents for thought crimes. INGSOC recreated culture, crafted new terms to allow only IT to exist. A “Thought Crime” is anything that goes against the policy of the party If you commit a “Thought Crime”, you can be vaporized by the thought police, simply disappeared. And when I mean disappear, I mean it is now a fact, that you are never a person, an Unperson. This isn’t like kids giving Jimmy the silent treatment. This is everyone simply forgetting there ever was a Jimmy, and forgetting that they forgot. The mention of your existence somehow by your family, coworkers, is now a thought crime in itself. Documents are changed or destroyed, so that there is no evidence you ever did exist. Not that you did, Jimmy. This is how INGSOC is able to quell the sense This term comes from the official language of the party “Newspeak”. It’s technically just short in English, but it’s entirely designed to control the use of words that may be threatening to the party simplistic terms like “duckspeak”, “crime think”, “black white”, by limiting language to small bits, it makes debate controllable, or refutable. INGSOC simply has a monopoly on political discourse because it made the words up. In 1984, this goes deeper than a weird language. Brainwashing is a cultural manifestation that goes down to the personal level Reality and history itself can be changed with the bureaucratic stroke of a pen, and nobody thinks that that stroke ever happened. This is “Doublethink”, a Newspeak term to hold two conflicting beliefs, and hold both as equal, neither are canceled out, both are believed. This is best emulated by the ongoing war in the book . The Party tells the public that Oceania has always been at war with Eurasia, even if just a few years ago the enemy was Eastasia. East Asian bombs rained on the city, but everyone believes it was Eurasia because big brother and the party said so. Eurasia was always the enemy. East Asia was always the ally. This can change on a whim. History and information would be rewritten by the party to reflect any new change. It’s not a debate to the people. It was just always this way. It would be like changing colors. The sky is blue, but the party says the sky is now red, so you believe it’s red, not say or pretend. You with all your heart know for certain that the sky has always been red. Never even considered the change happened. This is another Newspeak term called “black white”. There are a lot of terms. Why does this happen? Is everyone stupid? Well if you go by demographics, yeah. It’s not this simple though This world is all these people have ever known. Think of North Korea, actually, just apply all this to North Korea. Kim Jong-Il must have got inspired somehow. You can say whatever you want when you raise generations to worship you. so what is INGSOC even? Is it fascist? Socialist? Totalitarian? Green party? Does it have specific policies? What’s its views on states rights? INGSOC in itself is a conundrum, a product of “Double think”. Officially, INGSOC is socialist. It teaches that the days before the revolution were horrendous, as the average citizen literally bowed to the capitalist, even going so far to say Capitalists could choose any woman to sleep with and nobody could do anything, then INGSOC came and forever made the world better. But at the same time INGSOC hate socialist, despises socialist policies, and this is openly admitted by everyone. Yet, nobody sees anything wrong with it because that’s the power of “Double think”. INGSOC ideology, if you can call it that, isn’t different at all than Eurasian Bolshevikism, or Eastasian Obliteration of the Self They’re basically the same society. Technological and social differences aren’t that far apart between the three. This is something that may be recognized by all of them, or, simply ignored. We don’t know. The relationship that continues between all of them is perpetual war. War is what runs this world. It’s what allows all three nations to survive. It’s a distraction it can rile up the uneducated masses. It’s a constant overshadowing force that Big Brother uses. INGSOC is the protector against the Eurasian Hordes or Eastasia, whichever. What are they fighting over? Resources? Well, they have all the resources they need since they control so much territory. Power? No one can really overtake the other, this is already established. Well, then what? Nothing, they’re fighting over nothing. The Equatorial Front and Polar Front, as mentioned earlier, was never anybody’s territory. It’s simply a giant fighting arena, where the economic waste from overloaded military buildup from all the countries is shipped to. Almost like venting out steam, borders constantly shift, countless soldiers died from territory which nobody wants, and the native people are enslaved and transferred between the three countries to work for the war machine which continues the cycle again. All the nations have nukes, they could easily destroy each other invade Britain or Europe, start wars, and Russia and China actually attacking the homelands. But that disrupts everything. It destroys the balance of power, and these heads of state like their power. So they constantly fight over the jungle and desert to keep what they have, to keep nationalistic fervor up. 1984 is a twisted world. Whether it’s realistic or not, doesn’t really matter. The consistent theme is information is important, and the control of that information is most important. That’s the biggest thing to take away from Orwell’s world. Everything INGSOC did was to make sure the population was loyal and too stupid to realize its manipulation. Going so far to make those who did manipulate believe they weren’t even manipulating in the first place. Does this tie in to our world? I’m not even touching that subject. Like and subscribe if you have not done so. This is Cody, of Alternate History Hub.

What do YOU understand about politics?


We didn’t have much money growing up. Benefits for me meant food on the table. I’m extremely concerned about
the future for my children and their children. I’m sick of seeing my colleagues having to
go to food banks, use payday loans, and work extreme
hours just to get by. The cuts to welfare are appalling and
an attack on the very poorest people who are least able to defend themselves. I really really want to see a change in the
way this country is going. If you feel angry, then this is the time
to actually make a stance and make a change. I really believe that Jeremy Corbyn is the
man that can lead this. He is compassionate, he is strong,
he has remained calm and principled. He cares about most people rather than just
a few. When he is accused of showing weak leadership
I think this is a complete mistake, because he has fought for these issues all
his life, because I’ve watched him over the last thirty
years; I watched him fight injustice and that is the kind of leader we need. Because I believe in an equal and fair
society for everybody. Send a signal throughout this country, throughout
the world, that we’ve had enough. We won’t take being laughed at.
We won’t take having people’s lives destroyed. I’m voting Labour next Thursday because
I care about the future of this country. I’ll be voting Labour because I believe in
Jeremy Corbyn and I’m going to be voting Labour because
I want to think about the future for my children. I’m voting Labour on June 8th. I’ll be voting Labour on 8th June.
I hope you will too.

News 6 political analyst weighs in on impact of Spanish ballots


>>DURING LAST YEARS ELECTION>>DURING LAST YEARS ELECTION
BALLOTS IN LOO OF FLACOUNTIES>>DURING LAST YEARS ELECTION
BALLOTS IN LOO OF FLACOUNTIES
WERE PRINTD IN ENGLISH. BALLOTS IN LOO OF FLACOUNTIES
WERE PRINTD IN ENGLISH.
>>EARLIER THIS MONTH FEDERAL WERE PRINTD IN ENGLISH.
>>EARLIER THIS MONTH FEDERAL
JUDGE RULED THOSE COUNTIES MUST>>EARLIER THIS MONTH FEDERAL
JUDGE RULED THOSE COUNTIES MUST
PROVIDE BALLOTS IN SPANISH JUDGE RULED THOSE COUNTIES MUST
PROVIDE BALLOTS IN SPANISH
BEGINNING NEXT YEAR. PROVIDE BALLOTS IN SPANISH
BEGINNING NEXT YEAR.
>>Anchor: AND WE WANTED TO BEGINNING NEXT YEAR.
>>Anchor: AND WE WANTED TO
KNOW WHAT AN IMPACT IT WILL HAVE>>Anchor: AND WE WANTED TO
KNOW WHAT AN IMPACT IT WILL HAVE
ON PRESIDENTIAL PRIMARY ELECTION KNOW WHAT AN IMPACT IT WILL HAVE
ON PRESIDENTIAL PRIMARY ELECTION
IN MARCH. ON PRESIDENTIAL PRIMARY ELECTION
IN MARCH.
SO JOINING US NOW IS FAVORITE IN MARCH.
SO JOINING US NOW IS FAVORITE
POLITICAL ANALYST DR. JIM CLARK. SO JOINING US NOW IS FAVORITE
POLITICAL ANALYST DR. JIM CLARK.
WELCOME BACK. POLITICAL ANALYST DR. JIM CLARK.
WELCOME BACK.
>>THANK YOU. WELCOME BACK.
>>THANK YOU.
>>SO I MEAN, THIS IS BIG.>>THANK YOU.
>>SO I MEAN, THIS IS BIG.
WHAT COUNTIES ARE WE TALKING>>SO I MEAN, THIS IS BIG.
WHAT COUNTIES ARE WE TALKING
ABOUT HERE THAT WILL SEE BIGGEST WHAT COUNTIES ARE WE TALKING
ABOUT HERE THAT WILL SEE BIGGEST
CHANGES? ABOUT HERE THAT WILL SEE BIGGEST
CHANGES?
>>DONUT AROUND ORLANDO, ORANGE CHANGES?
>>DONUT AROUND ORLANDO, ORANGE
COUNTY, OSCEOLA COUNTY.>>DONUT AROUND ORLANDO, ORANGE
COUNTY, OSCEOLA COUNTY.
VOLUSIA COUNTY. COUNTY, OSCEOLA COUNTY.
VOLUSIA COUNTY.
AND PRIMARILY MARION COUNTY. VOLUSIA COUNTY.
AND PRIMARILY MARION COUNTY.
LAKE COUNTY. AND PRIMARILY MARION COUNTY.
LAKE COUNTY.
AND BREVARD COUNTY. LAKE COUNTY.
AND BREVARD COUNTY.
ARE COVERED BY THIS. AND BREVARD COUNTY.
ARE COVERED BY THIS.
SO ORANGE AND OSCEOLA AND ARE COVERED BY THIS.
SO ORANGE AND OSCEOLA AND
VOLUSIA RAILROAD DOING IT. SO ORANGE AND OSCEOLA AND
VOLUSIA RAILROAD DOING IT.
BIGGEST COUNTIES DO IT. VOLUSIA RAILROAD DOING IT.
BIGGEST COUNTIES DO IT.
UNDER VOTING RIGHTS ACT. BIGGEST COUNTIES DO IT.
UNDER VOTING RIGHTS ACT.
IF YOU HAVE 5 PERCENT OF THE UNDER VOTING RIGHTS ACT.
IF YOU HAVE 5 PERCENT OF THE
POPULATION SPEAKING PRIMARILY IF YOU HAVE 5 PERCENT OF THE
POPULATION SPEAKING PRIMARILY
ANOTHER LANGUAGE, YOU HAVE TO POPULATION SPEAKING PRIMARILY
ANOTHER LANGUAGE, YOU HAVE TO
OFFER SPANISH BALLOTS. ANOTHER LANGUAGE, YOU HAVE TO
OFFER SPANISH BALLOTS.
SO THIS IS AIMED AT SMALLER OFFER SPANISH BALLOTS.
SO THIS IS AIMED AT SMALLER
COUNTIES. SO THIS IS AIMED AT SMALLER
COUNTIES.
UP IN PANHANDLE. COUNTIES.
UP IN PANHANDLE.
UP IN NORTH FLORIDA. UP IN PANHANDLE.
UP IN NORTH FLORIDA.
AND KIND OF DOWN IN THE SOUTHERN UP IN NORTH FLORIDA.
AND KIND OF DOWN IN THE SOUTHERN
OKEECHOBEE COUNTY. AND KIND OF DOWN IN THE SOUTHERN
OKEECHOBEE COUNTY.
SMALLER COUNTIES. OKEECHOBEE COUNTY.
SMALLER COUNTIES.
>>THIS CAME IN TO PLAY BECAUSE SMALLER COUNTIES.
>>THIS CAME IN TO PLAY BECAUSE
SEVERAL THOUSAND, IN FACT,>>THIS CAME IN TO PLAY BECAUSE
SEVERAL THOUSAND, IN FACT,
30,000, POTTERY CANS SAID THEIR SEVERAL THOUSAND, IN FACT,
30,000, POTTERY CANS SAID THEIR
RIGHTS WERE VIOLATED IN LAST 30,000, POTTERY CANS SAID THEIR
RIGHTS WERE VIOLATED IN LAST
ELECTION? RIGHTS WERE VIOLATED IN LAST
ELECTION?
>>WELL THEY SAID THEY DID NOT ELECTION?
>>WELL THEY SAID THEY DID NOT
HAVE ACCESS TO SPANISH BALLOTS.>>WELL THEY SAID THEY DID NOT
HAVE ACCESS TO SPANISH BALLOTS.
AND THE FEDERAL JUDGE AGREED HAVE ACCESS TO SPANISH BALLOTS.
AND THE FEDERAL JUDGE AGREED
WITH THEM. AND THE FEDERAL JUDGE AGREED
WITH THEM.
WHAT IS AMAZING ABOUT THIS. WITH THEM.
WHAT IS AMAZING ABOUT THIS.
THIS IS FIRST POLITICAL ISSUE I WHAT IS AMAZING ABOUT THIS.
THIS IS FIRST POLITICAL ISSUE I
HAVE SEEN IN A NUMBER OF YEARS THIS IS FIRST POLITICAL ISSUE I
HAVE SEEN IN A NUMBER OF YEARS
WHERE ALMOST EVERYBODY AGREES. HAVE SEEN IN A NUMBER OF YEARS
WHERE ALMOST EVERYBODY AGREES.
DEMOCRATS AGREE. WHERE ALMOST EVERYBODY AGREES.
DEMOCRATS AGREE.
GOVERNOR DESANTIS AGREES, HE HAS DEMOCRATS AGREE.
GOVERNOR DESANTIS AGREES, HE HAS
HIS OWN PROGRAM. GOVERNOR DESANTIS AGREES, HE HAS
HIS OWN PROGRAM.
BOTH POLITICAL PARTIES COVET HIS OWN PROGRAM.
BOTH POLITICAL PARTIES COVET
HISPANIC VOTERS. BOTH POLITICAL PARTIES COVET
HISPANIC VOTERS.
HOWEVER IN SOME SMALLER HISPANIC VOTERS.
HOWEVER IN SOME SMALLER
COUNTIES, MORE CONSERVATIVE HOWEVER IN SOME SMALLER
COUNTIES, MORE CONSERVATIVE
COUNTIES THEY ARE WORRIED THAT COUNTIES, MORE CONSERVATIVE
COUNTIES THEY ARE WORRIED THAT
AN INFLUX OF HISPANICS MIGHT COUNTIES THEY ARE WORRIED THAT
AN INFLUX OF HISPANICS MIGHT
HURT THE REPUBLICAN BALLOTS. AN INFLUX OF HISPANICS MIGHT
HURT THE REPUBLICAN BALLOTS.
FOR EXAMPLE, LAKE COUNTY. HURT THE REPUBLICAN BALLOTS.
FOR EXAMPLE, LAKE COUNTY.
ALLEN HAZE SUPERVISOR OF FOR EXAMPLE, LAKE COUNTY.
ALLEN HAZE SUPERVISOR OF
ELECTIONS IS ONE OF THE LEADERS ALLEN HAZE SUPERVISOR OF
ELECTIONS IS ONE OF THE LEADERS
OF OPPOSING BOTH GOVERNOR ELECTIONS IS ONE OF THE LEADERS
OF OPPOSING BOTH GOVERNOR
DESANTIS AND FEDERAL JUDGE’S OF OPPOSING BOTH GOVERNOR
DESANTIS AND FEDERAL JUDGE’S
PLAN. DESANTIS AND FEDERAL JUDGE’S
PLAN.
SO IT IS GOING TO AFFECT LAKE PLAN.
SO IT IS GOING TO AFFECT LAKE
COUNTY. SO IT IS GOING TO AFFECT LAKE
COUNTY.
WHERE THERE ARE ABOUT 12,000 COUNTY.
WHERE THERE ARE ABOUT 12,000
PUERTO RICAN ADULTS. WHERE THERE ARE ABOUT 12,000
PUERTO RICAN ADULTS.
THAT WILL NOW BE HELPED IN PUERTO RICAN ADULTS.
THAT WILL NOW BE HELPED IN
VOTING. THAT WILL NOW BE HELPED IN
VOTING.
BREVARD COUNTY. VOTING.
BREVARD COUNTY.
MARION COUNTY. BREVARD COUNTY.
MARION COUNTY.
SO WE MAY SEE SOME IMPACT THERE. MARION COUNTY.
SO WE MAY SEE SOME IMPACT THERE.
>>THIS BECAME A BIGGER ISSUE SO WE MAY SEE SOME IMPACT THERE.
>>THIS BECAME A BIGGER ISSUE
AFTER MARIA WHEN WE HAD INFLUX>>THIS BECAME A BIGGER ISSUE
AFTER MARIA WHEN WE HAD INFLUX
OF PUERTO RICANS MOVING TO AFTER MARIA WHEN WE HAD INFLUX
OF PUERTO RICANS MOVING TO
FLORIDA. OF PUERTO RICANS MOVING TO
FLORIDA.
PUERTO RICANS ARE BORN U.S. FLORIDA.
PUERTO RICANS ARE BORN U.S.
CITIZENS. PUERTO RICANS ARE BORN U.S.
CITIZENS.
SO THAT’S PART OF THE MOVEMENT. CITIZENS.
SO THAT’S PART OF THE MOVEMENT.
THAT NEED TO BE TILE VOTE? SO THAT’S PART OF THE MOVEMENT.
THAT NEED TO BE TILE VOTE?
>>THEY NEED TO BE TILE VOTE THAT NEED TO BE TILE VOTE?
>>THEY NEED TO BE TILE VOTE
JULIE.>>THEY NEED TO BE TILE VOTE
JULIE.
AND AS WE SAW LAST YEAR. JULIE.
AND AS WE SAW LAST YEAR.
THEY DID NOT VOTE AS GREAT OF A AND AS WE SAW LAST YEAR.
THEY DID NOT VOTE AS GREAT OF A
PERCENTAGE AS EXPECTED. THEY DID NOT VOTE AS GREAT OF A
PERCENTAGE AS EXPECTED.
AS WE MIGHT HAVE THOUGHT. PERCENTAGE AS EXPECTED.
AS WE MIGHT HAVE THOUGHT.
THAT WE FOUND THAT PUERTO RICANS AS WE MIGHT HAVE THOUGHT.
THAT WE FOUND THAT PUERTO RICANS
THAT WERE HERE BEFORE MARIA. THAT WE FOUND THAT PUERTO RICANS
THAT WERE HERE BEFORE MARIA.
VOTED IN HIGHER PERCENTAGES THAN THAT WERE HERE BEFORE MARIA.
VOTED IN HIGHER PERCENTAGES THAN
PUERTO RICANS THAT CAME AFTER VOTED IN HIGHER PERCENTAGES THAN
PUERTO RICANS THAT CAME AFTER
MARIA. PUERTO RICANS THAT CAME AFTER
MARIA.
AND THOSE PEOPLE THAT WENT TO MARIA.
AND THOSE PEOPLE THAT WENT TO
SCHOOL. AND THOSE PEOPLE THAT WENT TO
SCHOOL.
SPANISH. SCHOOL.
SPANISH.
MAY HAVE BEEN CHALLENGED. SPANISH.
MAY HAVE BEEN CHALLENGED.
THAT’S THE ISSUE. MAY HAVE BEEN CHALLENGED.
THAT’S THE ISSUE.
IF YOU GO TO A SCHOOL THAT THAT’S THE ISSUE.
IF YOU GO TO A SCHOOL THAT
TEACHES IN A PRIMARILY DIFFERENT IF YOU GO TO A SCHOOL THAT
TEACHES IN A PRIMARILY DIFFERENT
LANGUAGE. TEACHES IN A PRIMARILY DIFFERENT
LANGUAGE.
WHETHER IT IS PUERTO RICO OR LANGUAGE.
WHETHER IT IS PUERTO RICO OR
GUAM OR AMERICA SAMOA YOU HAVE A WHETHER IT IS PUERTO RICO OR
GUAM OR AMERICA SAMOA YOU HAVE A
RIGHT TO GET A BALLOT IN THAT GUAM OR AMERICA SAMOA YOU HAVE A
RIGHT TO GET A BALLOT IN THAT
SCREENING YOU REALLY THINK RIGHT TO GET A BALLOT IN THAT
SCREENING YOU REALLY THINK
HISPANIC VOTE, INFLUENCE IN 2020 SCREENING YOU REALLY THINK
HISPANIC VOTE, INFLUENCE IN 2020
ELECTION WILL BE IMPRESSIVE? HISPANIC VOTE, INFLUENCE IN 2020
ELECTION WILL BE IMPRESSIVE?
>>YES. ELECTION WILL BE IMPRESSIVE?
>>YES.
IT WILL BE.>>YES.
IT WILL BE.
AND AGAIN BOTH PARTIES WANT IT. IT WILL BE.
AND AGAIN BOTH PARTIES WANT IT.
AND ONE OF THE REASONS GOVERNOR AND AGAIN BOTH PARTIES WANT IT.
AND ONE OF THE REASONS GOVERNOR
DESANTIS IS INVOLVED IS NOBODY AND ONE OF THE REASONS GOVERNOR
DESANTIS IS INVOLVED IS NOBODY
WANTS TO ANGER THE HISPANIC VOTE DESANTIS IS INVOLVED IS NOBODY
WANTS TO ANGER THE HISPANIC VOTE
BY SAYING WE DON’T WANT YOU WANTS TO ANGER THE HISPANIC VOTE
BY SAYING WE DON’T WANT YOU
VOTING. BY SAYING WE DON’T WANT YOU
VOTING.
>>YOU DON’T COUNT. VOTING.
>>YOU DON’T COUNT.
>>EXACTLY CANDACE.>>YOU DON’T COUNT.
>>EXACTLY CANDACE.
SO, I THINK, THIS IS ONE OF THE>>EXACTLY CANDACE.
SO, I THINK, THIS IS ONE OF THE
FEW ISSUES WHERE 99 PERCENT OF SO, I THINK, THIS IS ONE OF THE
FEW ISSUES WHERE 99 PERCENT OF
THE PEOPLE IN FLORIDA AND FEW ISSUES WHERE 99 PERCENT OF
THE PEOPLE IN FLORIDA AND
POLITICIANS ARE ON SAME PAGE. THE PEOPLE IN FLORIDA AND
POLITICIANS ARE ON SAME PAGE.
WE NEED MORE ISSUES LIKE THAT. POLITICIANS ARE ON SAME PAGE.
WE NEED MORE ISSUES LIKE THAT.
>>YOU, HAVE DONE EXTENSIVE WE NEED MORE ISSUES LIKE THAT.
>>YOU, HAVE DONE EXTENSIVE
RESEARCH.>>YOU, HAVE DONE EXTENSIVE
RESEARCH.
WE ALL KNOW IN PRESIDENTIAL RESEARCH.
WE ALL KNOW IN PRESIDENTIAL
ELECTIONS THIS AREA IS KEY. WE ALL KNOW IN PRESIDENTIAL
ELECTIONS THIS AREA IS KEY.
>>NOT ONLY KEY IT IS CLOSE. ELECTIONS THIS AREA IS KEY.
>>NOT ONLY KEY IT IS CLOSE.
AS WE HAVE SEEN.>>NOT ONLY KEY IT IS CLOSE.
AS WE HAVE SEEN.
JUST A SWITCH. AS WE HAVE SEEN.
JUST A SWITCH.
LAST YEAR IN SENATE RACE. JUST A SWITCH.
LAST YEAR IN SENATE RACE.
30,000 VOTES IN GUBERNATORIAL LAST YEAR IN SENATE RACE.
30,000 VOTES IN GUBERNATORIAL
RACE. 30,000 VOTES IN GUBERNATORIAL
RACE.
ABOUT THE SAME NUMBER. RACE.
ABOUT THE SAME NUMBER.
SO JUST, YOU KNOW, 20, 30,000 ABOUT THE SAME NUMBER.
SO JUST, YOU KNOW, 20, 30,000
EXTRA VOTERS CAN SPELL VICTORY SO JUST, YOU KNOW, 20, 30,000
EXTRA VOTERS CAN SPELL VICTORY
OR DEFEAT WHETHER IT IS EXTRA VOTERS CAN SPELL VICTORY
OR DEFEAT WHETHER IT IS
PRESIDENTIAL OR SENATE OR OR DEFEAT WHETHER IT IS
PRESIDENTIAL OR SENATE OR
GOVERNOR. PRESIDENTIAL OR SENATE OR
GOVERNOR.
>>WILL WE SEE HOW THIS PLAYS GOVERNOR.
>>WILL WE SEE HOW THIS PLAYS
OUT AS FAR AS HOW EACH COUNTY>>WILL WE SEE HOW THIS PLAYS
OUT AS FAR AS HOW EACH COUNTY
DOES THE BALLOT? OUT AS FAR AS HOW EACH COUNTY
DOES THE BALLOT?
SOME BALLOTS HAVE ENGLISH AND DOES THE BALLOT?
SOME BALLOTS HAVE ENGLISH AND
SPANISH ON ONE? SOME BALLOTS HAVE ENGLISH AND
SPANISH ON ONE?
OR SEPARATE BALLOTS? SPANISH ON ONE?
OR SEPARATE BALLOTS?
IS THAT UP TO COUNTIES? OR SEPARATE BALLOTS?
IS THAT UP TO COUNTIES?
>>INTERESTING. IS THAT UP TO COUNTIES?
>>INTERESTING.
JUDGE ORDERED IT FOR 2020>>INTERESTING.
JUDGE ORDERED IT FOR 2020
PRIMARY. JUDGE ORDERED IT FOR 2020
PRIMARY.
SO WE WILL SEE HOW THE ELECTION PRIMARY.
SO WE WILL SEE HOW THE ELECTION
SUPERVISORS REACT. SO WE WILL SEE HOW THE ELECTION
SUPERVISORS REACT.
AND MY GUESS WOULD BE THAT IF SUPERVISORS REACT.
AND MY GUESS WOULD BE THAT IF
THEY DON’T DO IT RIGHT FOR THE AND MY GUESS WOULD BE THAT IF
THEY DON’T DO IT RIGHT FOR THE
PRIMARY. THEY DON’T DO IT RIGHT FOR THE
PRIMARY.
THE GROUP LATINO JUSTICE. PRIMARY.
THE GROUP LATINO JUSTICE.
WHICH IS DRIVING THIS LAWSUIT. THE GROUP LATINO JUSTICE.
WHICH IS DRIVING THIS LAWSUIT.
WILL GO BACK TO COURT. WHICH IS DRIVING THIS LAWSUIT.
WILL GO BACK TO COURT.
AND ORDER CHANGES FOR NOVEMBER WILL GO BACK TO COURT.
AND ORDER CHANGES FOR NOVEMBER
ELECTION. AND ORDER CHANGES FOR NOVEMBER
ELECTION.
>>ALRIGHT.

Manipulating the YouTube Algorithm – (Part 1/3) Smarter Every Day 213


– A couple of months ago
I made a Twitter thread about some weird activity I saw online, and after I posted that
thread tons of engineers from many different tech companies reached out to me privately
to tell me their stories. My interest in all this started one day when I was scrolling on YouTube, and the algorithm served up a pretty weird video for me to watch. You know how the algorithm works, right? It looks at your past activity and tries to figure out what
you could watch in the future that would keep you on
the platform the longest. It optimizes watch time. The algorithm suggested
I watch this video. Now, I’m not a super political guy, but I know those are important topics, and it had 138,000 views
and it was only one day old, so to me this looked like
it was a real news story. So when I clicked on the
video it got weird fast, strange music starts playing, and a robot voice comes on, and clearly starts reading me a script. – [Voiceover] After Trump
sends note to Ginsburg, he breaks silence on
plan for Supreme Court. Democrats didn’t think Donald would dare. Get ready, America. Ruth Bader Ginsburg hasn’t been seen in public in for 57 days. – There were red flags all over the place. The robot voice was reading typos. The name of the channel itself was some generic fake news site. There’s no way this is legitimate news. But the problem is it
had engagement levels that were off the chart. 94% like to dislike ratio. Look at all these comments. How can this be happening on
a video of such low quality? I started diggin’ a little bit deeper, so I searched YouTube
for the exact same title to see what came up, and whoa, look at this,
all of these videos are exactly the same title,
exactly the same script, but they’re all just a
little bit different. If you play the videos
you get different graphics scrolling across the scene. You might get a different robot voice. – [Voiceover] Breaking News Mencos, after Trump sends note to
Ginsburg he breaks silence on plan for Supreme Court– (orchestral alert) – [Voiceover] After Trump
sends message to RBG he breaks silence on big
plans for Supreme Court. – [Voiceover] After Trump
sends note to Ginsburg he breaks silence on
plan for Supreme Court. (loud alert) – [Voiceover] After Trump
sends note to Ginsburg he breaks silence on
plan for Supreme Court. – The content was essentially the same, it was just arranged in a different way. Different photos, different
B-roll, different title screens. I’m a YouTuber and I spend some time thinking about content ID
systems and things like that, and it’s clear to me that these
manipulations of the video and even the audio are attempts
to get around YouTube’s automated recognition systems. Let me explain how this works. YouTube engineers look at the
individual pixels on a video and then they use the
values of these pixels to perform some type of
mathematical function, which gives you a number called a hash. You then compare hashes to other videos that have been uploaded
and try to figure out if the same content has been uploaded by someone else in the past. The challenging task
here is to make a system that’s fast enough to
find the exact copies of specific frames of video across the entire YouTube library while at the same time making it smart enough to not be tricked. How would you do that with math? Instead of sampling every pixel, what if they sampled
specific spots on every video and measured the color values
at those specific locations? They could then compare those spots with every other video
uploaded to YouTube. But think about what
happens if a sneaky person resizes those images. The colors would change
at those locations. The same thing would happen
if you rotate the image or flip it or even apply
a filter of some kind. Now I don’t know how
YouTube samples these pixels or the audio from the video or what mathematical functions they use, but I know that’s like a company secret because that’s how they
defend the platform. If the bad guys were to figure out how these detection algorithms work then they could get around them and they could beat the defenses. If you look at these crazy
videos like a software engineer you can start to see some
really interesting details. For example, why would there be a globe spinning in this image? Well if you think about it,
that’s going to change the hash. What if the YouTube engineers
figured the globe trick out and then they shut that technique down? Well, in this video the globe is mirrored. That’s going to change the
hash in a different way. This specific instance is a
counter-counter-countermeasure. Which is fascinating. This one is probably my favorite. Why on earth would they put virtual snow falling over the top of a
video of the royal family? If you think about it, this changes the math
in a kind of random way, and therefore, YouTube’s
ability to detect it. This is like a new form
of camouflage that’s using math instead of colors
on this new battlefield where daily fights take
place by opposing forces of software engineers. But instead of fighting
over hills or pieces of land the winner of these individual skirmishes gets a few moments of your time, which in today’s attention
economy is super valuable. Because of the original video I found, I assumed most of this
activity was on the right. But I found these videos
just two clicks away from a mainstream channel on the left. (intense music) – [Voiceover] Speaker of
the House, Nancy Pelosi just keeps racking up
wins over Donald Trump. (intense alert) – [Voiceover] Speaker of
the House, Nancy Pelosi, just keeps racking up
wins over Donald Trump. – It’s the exact same stuff just trying to manipulate things
in the other direction. If you look at this channel specifically, it was started over 10 years ago by what appears to be an actual human. It uploaded a bunch of gaming content. And then at this moment right here it started uploading
videos about politics. At this point it’s clear to me this is not just low quality content. This is a coordinated attack
against the YouTube algorithm, complete with countermeasures. This is a serious, well-funded activity done by people meant to do harm. If you’re a teen or
20-something you probably think these old people are getting
duped into voting for someone that doesn’t make sense. And if you’ve got a few
more miles on the tires, you might be looking at the
younger generation and thinking, man, how are all these manipulative people able to whip them up
into a frenzy so easily? So is the internet getting worse
because we’re getting worse and this is just a reflection of us, or is there actually someone
playing with the dials and pitting us against each other? Today’s social discourse takes place on the public forum of the internet. And front and center in that forum are three primary platforms, YouTube, Twitter, and Facebook. This video is the first
in a three-part series on what exactly these
external forces are doing to manipulate our social media platforms and how they’re doing it. Now a key to a good lie is to convince you that there is no deception. When I started trying
to research this stuff, there’s all kinds of
information on the internet, but it’s very difficult to
cut through all the falsehood. So my approach is pretty simple. I’m literally going to get on airplanes and fly to the engineers who
are trying to beat this stuff and have a straight-up
conversation with ’em. We’re gonna get to Twitter
and Facebook later, but for the purposes of this video let’s look at specific active attempts to manipulate the YouTube algorithm. Okay, it’s time to move
past the speculation stage to the actual engineering data stage. So I’m here at this
building in California. The person I’m gonna talk to
does not wanna be on camera, so we’re gonna respect that, but I’m gonna go find out
exactly what went down with these specific
videos and report back. I was just gonna stand
in front of the sign and tell you what happened, but I have to think about
how I’m gonna say this. This is complicated. I don’t want to attribute
any words to YouTube here, so let’s just assume these are my words, but there seems to be two types of attack against the YouTube algorithm. Number one, there seems to
be a financial motivation. People are trying to create videos to extract ad revenue from YouTube. And so this is legitimate content. There’s nothing outside of
the terms of service here, except maybe the fame engagement
policies that YouTube has. But for the most part, it’s
legitimate content uploaded and meant to extract money from YouTube. Number two are the ideological attacks. These are attacks meant
to sway public opinion and make people think certain things and perhaps even make people
fight with each other. To understand this
better I rented an office in San Francisco to
interview Renee DiResta. She’s an expert in
malicious propaganda online. Okay, this is Renee DiResta. She is super smart on, I guess you’d say coordinated inauthentic behavior, incentivized content on social media and how to beat it, right? – Yep, I look at how
different types of actors manipulate the social
ecosystem across platforms. – Awesome, I loved your stuff on Rogan and Sam Harris podcasts.
– Thank you. – You’re just great. If you’re paying attention,
you’ve seen what she does. I wanna talk about what’s
going on on YouTube. – Okay. – Recently I found this
really weird video. It’s clearly manufactured content. And from what I can tell there’s two reasons that there’s
manufactured content. Number one is it’s financially motivated. And the second thing is ideological. – Yes.
– Right? Is that correct? Is there a third component I’m not seeing? – No, that’s correct. And there’s actually a lot of, there’s actually some overlap there. Because if you’re producing
really partisan content, particularly sensational stuff, you’re able to capture engagement and get people paying attention. Because particularly right
now in a highly partisan, polarized country, people
are looking for that stuff. And they’re not necessarily
paying a lot of attention to who the source is. So if you make something
that looks interesting you’ll be able to
theoretically attract views, keep people there, and
then you can both monetize and do something divisive. You’re gonna use fake accounts
to social it with end groups and then you’re gonna try to get a critical mass of real people to come and amplify it. – In order to get these videos
in front of human eyeballs you have to first trick a
robot algorithm type thing, and the way you do that is
with artificial engagement. Artificial engagement
is done with fake logins or compromised accounts. They sell them like wine
on the black market. A new one’s gonna set
you back about a quarter. A 2014 is gonna set you
back about seven bucks. Renee showed me some footage
of what she calls a click farm. They use these devices to try to artificially inflate engagement online. You can easily find these places online that will sell these
services to you straight up. – You know, a lot of us,
we use the number of views, number of likes, number of followers as like a hero stick for quality, and so there are hundreds
and hundreds and hundreds of these businesses that just
offer you things like views. So these are people who are just selling, selling likes. Funny enough, based on the number of likes on the ad for YouTube likes I would bet that they’re gaming their
Instagram (mumbles), too. (laughing) The internet is fake. – I’ve been doing this wrong.
(laughing) I’ve been trying to make
quality content this whole time. The strategy seems to be pretty simple. You make a bunch of videos
on one particular topic. You put ’em online and then the metadata points to each other, right? At this point the artificial
compromised accounts are used to give them artificial lift, and at some point, one of these videos will creep up above the
noise in the algorithm and it will start to get
shown to actual humans. It’s really easy to get mad at
YouTube at this point, right? Look at all this stuff that’s
happening on the platform. But let’s step back, think about it. If you were a software engineer, how would you use math and algorithms to detect this activity? I would argue that this
is very, very clever, and it’s very hard to detect
this in an automated way. If you look at the
engagement on these videos, the majority of these comments are actual humans discussing the videos. These are real people
engaging with this content. From an engineering perspective, this is extremely difficult to detect, especially at any kind
of meaningful scale. So we understand the fake
engagement piece, right? But think about the
content creation itself. For a video that I’m
proud of, for example, it will take dozens of hours for me to make this thing, right? In this one particular
case we’re talking about, we saw dozens of videos
uploaded in the same day. So clearly computers are involved. But how are they doing it? Believe it or not, there’s already an entire industry built
around this technology. It’s a great way to get
these small stories out. Whatever website you
go to to get your news, you’ve probably seen these things, automatically generated videos. Several companies offer
these types of services. One is called Wochit. If you go to the Wochit website, they boast over 1.5
million videos were created on behalf of their customers last month. These are videos created for
businesses you recognize. On their website they
show how the system works. You type in the topic you
wanna make a video about. They ingest millions of
pieces of licensed content from different sources. You slap in a script and yo
have a video within minutes. This is a very expensive
business to business service. But for these businesses trying to make it in the attention economy,
it’s totally worth it. Now let’s think about YouTube. The Wochit News YouTube
channel has uploaded over 3,000 videos in the last two months. Most of these use actual
voice actors reading a script. This is an incredible amount of content. Stop and think about what that could mean for the future of YouTube. It works like this. You have all of this
content like B roll, photos, audio, things of that nature. And it goes into this machine
and out pops these videos. Which is cool if you’re a newsroom and you’re using a
service like Wochit to try to create content for legit users online. But the problem is,
this is just technology. Think about what would happen if this was developed by people of ill intent. If you’re clever you
can change the content that you’re putting into the machine and the machine can start creating videos, each video with its own special flare so it can get around the countermeasures built into the YouTube
system and you simply upload all these to
different YouTube channels that you’ve created
with fake email accounts and there you go. You’re suddenly flooding YouTube with automatically
created content that has the incentives of making you money or changing the way people think. It’s probably mostly
financially motivated. – I think it’s mostly
financially motivated. I think Facebook has said the
same thing about propaganda. A lot of the stuff on their site, coordinated inauthentic activity, mostly economically motivated. Even during 2016, now
the notion of fake news is so tied to Russia but fake news wasn’t actually about Russia. If you remember, back in
2016 during the campaign it was about people just creating
these hyper-partisan sites that were literally fake
news, demonstratively fake, Pope endorses Donald Trump
and this kind of stuff. And it was just pushing
people to the sites to try to make money on the ads. And so that’s what I think a
lot of the challenge here is. The really strong
actors, the nation-states that are trying to do this kind of stuff, will spend the years to build
up the audiences over time and then you have these
more fly-by-night operations where a blog spins up overnight, they game their way into distribution, and then they just make money on the ads. – Someone that’s doing
this subversive activity, if they’re doing it we’re not gonna know. – Right, for a long time, for a long time. Unless they make a mistake.
– So it’s happening right now. – Yeah. – It’s happening right now probably in the sidebar of this video
people are watching right now, we just may not know it’s
inauthentic behavior. – I think it’s really
hard to find this stuff. It gets better and better. That’s the other thing. I think people assume it’s obviously fake or obviously, obviously incorrect English or obviously sensationalist
memes or something like that. No, they actually just started repurposing their content form our
own real, authentic, hyper-partisan pages. – Can we just stop and be disturbed that this is the kind of content that’s getting real eyeballs? And I know what you might be thinking, well it’s clearly different. I could tell the difference in that. But think about who I am, right? I’m an engineer who
understands countermeasures. I think through strategy. I spend hundreds of hours a month thinking about the YouTube algorithm. I tailor my thumbnails, I
understand how titles work. All of this to say I still got tricked. And so it’s a cat and mouse game. Well basically you have offensive content, then you have a countermeasure, and then you have a
counter-countermeasure, and then the YouTube engineers have to develop a counter-counter-countermeasure, and so this just continuously ratchets up and I don’t see a way to win, you’re not gonna win this. – No you’re never gonna win. There’s no winning. It’s managing. – All you have to do is increase the cost for the adversary to influence society. Regardless of whether
this material is made in some far-off land to make a quick buck, or if it’s from a malicious nation trying to influence a foreign election, it’s all taking advantage
of this flaw in your heart, the desire to fight with your neighbor. These people literally
make us hate each other and then we turn around
and give them our money. If your first inclination is to be mad at YouTube right now and
some kind of outrage, then you don’t get it. Like you don’t see what’s happening here. I know these engineers. They’re using all the
math at their disposal to try to fix this as
desperately as they can, but until our hearts change
towards political grace these people are gonna keep
taking advantage of us. I don’t think what kind of laws we make to try to get around this, they’re going to make us fight
and we’re gonna sit there and do it and then close our
eyes and give them our money. We’ve got to be smarter than this. – I think a lot of the countering has to be done in the real world, right? It’s the, I think you had said this in a Twitter thread of yours I’d read where you talked about the need to actively practice–
– Love thy neighbor kind of stuff.
– Right, right. I think that that’s, unfortunately, it is a, they’re preying on human biases. This is the thing, we have a brand new information ecosystem, right? We have democratized creation of content. We have no more gatekeepers. Anyone can say what they
want, do what they want, maximized expression, algorithms
to help you find people, but ultimately human nature, like the people have not changed. So it’s this fascinating new information environment ecosystem but
with a very old set of biases and ways of being that are just kind of part of the human experience, and I don’t think we’re necessarily adept at recognizing what
social media has done to us as individuals and as members of society. And that I think is one
of the key challenges where no amount of
regulating of algorithms or catching of bad guys changes that kind of fundamental truth. Trying to use real community
to kind of return people to that human connection is the thing that we’re missing right now and that’s because it’s
much harder to do that, to create the kind of active
unity that you’re talking about ’cause like who’s in charge of doing that. Normally that would have
been like your churches, your neighborhood, your community. I think, I don’t know what that looks like ported online where everybody’s
spending their time. – I’m not trying to scare you
by showing you all this stuff. Obviously there’s a lot of
hard core engineering thought that goes into everything
I just showed you, but it’s happening. There are bad actors trying
to manipulate people online for financial gain and I don’t
think it’s YouTube’s fault. When somebody wants to
do bad things to you, they’re gonna do whatever they can to get your data and exploit it. When I realized this series was gonna help educate
people I reached out to a company that takes online
internet security seriously, and that is ExpressVPN. They were all in. They decided to sponsor this video series and help make it happen. If you’re not using a VPN you
seriously need to consider it. Your internet connection
right now is broadcasting your IP address, which is the
way people track you online. Check this out, when I go to this website, it tests everything that my
internet connection is leaking. You can see my IP address,
which I’ve masked here ’cause I don’t want you to see it, but you can also see where I’m at. Your internet connection
is doing this right now. Here’s how ExpressVPN works. It’s a virtual private network. You just turn it on with one click. My internet traffic is now encrypted, and going through one
of ExpressVPN’s servers located throughout the world so people can no longer
figure out where I’m located. I protect myself online with ExpressVPN, and if you want that same protection you can get that by going
to expressvpn.com/smarter, you can download ExpressVPN today. If you get 12 months you get an additional three months for free. That brings the cost down to
less than seven bucks a month. If you’re super smart and you understand the technical stuff behind all this, go do a DNS leak test. It’s gonna pass. It’s the fastest one I’ve ever tested. TechRadar said this is the number one VPN. There’s a 30-day money back guarantee, which I’m confident you’re not gonna use because I feel comforted knowing that my personal information is
protected on the internet. Expressvpn.com/smarter, you can protect your internet
connection right now. Next up, Twitter and Facebook. They were awesome. They let me set up
cameras in the building. They also let me talk
to some of the engineers in charge of building
these countermeasures. It is a fascinating discussion. I hope you’ll join me as we continue this algorithm manipulation series. I think this is super important stuff. If there’s someone that
you think could benefit from knowing that this is how
the internet actually works, please pass this video along to ’em. Also, consider subscribing if
you feel like this earned it. This is a ton of work and I hope it brings value to your life. That’s it. I’m Destin, you’re
getting smarter every day. Have a good one.

This week’s news without the bullshit (week 32 2019 uncensored)


Jesus fucking Christ, a lot of shit happened this week. Let’s start with Pedophilia. Billionaire and accused sex trafficker Jeffrey Epstein, has been found dead in his jail cell after he was taken off of suicide watch. The circumstances of the death are at the very least suspicious, with at least one of the guards posted to his area not being a trained correctional officer. When looking at the context of the event, it would also not be difficult to imagine the death being a product of foul play. Mr. Epstein had allegedly directed an underage girl to perform sexual acts to a long list of powerful individuals. These include: Prince Andrew, New Mexico Governor Bill Richardson, criminal defense attorney Alan Dershowitz, former senator George Mitchell, a well known unnamed prime minister, and supposedly another member of royalty living somewhere in the world. When such a critical person dies with the knowledge to identify a large number of powerful pedophiles from around the world, It certainly seems to be a loss for Humanity. With that being said, some of the two biggest names in pedophilia finally have some competition. Moving on, North Korea continues testing missiles, the US president gets himself in more trouble, Russian democratic protesters are being censored, and more Brexit shit is happening that no one understands. Meanwhile in Hong Kong, Protesters against Chinese authorities heat up to a new height, with citizens shutting down one of the busiest international airports in the world. Thousands of protesters flooded the airport terminal building, which resulted in most flights being outright canceled. The protest was sparked by riot police shooting a woman in the face with a beanbag bullet, Potentially blinding her in the right eye, which resulted in the event slogan being: “An eye for an eye”. The airport protest has since been broken up by riot police arresting several of the participants. The Chinese government has declared these protests as acts of terrorism, and large numbers of armored carriers have been seen just thirty Kilometers from the city of Hong Kong. Many viewers will of course make connections between this scene, and another one that took place in 1989. At the same time, the world just lost an absolute metric fucking shit ton of ice, and another oil company is being dodgy. While all this was happening, India has revoked the autonomy of the region of Kashmir, meaning it is now effectively under the power of the Indian state. The Indian government has cut off all phone and Internet services in the country, Meaning that information about the situation is both hard to find and impossible to confirm. From what can be gathered, most of the current and former politicians have been arrested, the entire population of 12 million people have been put under military curfew, and there has already been at least one confirmed report of a violent incident, involving a 17 year old male. A resident political affairs in a list of the Sir Swag News team calls the entire situation “Pretty fucked up”. In American culture: Two mass shooting attempts were foiled this week, and another one has been reported to be stopped by a concerned grandmother. The attempts come just weeks after Uruguay, Japan, and even Venezuela, warn citizens from traveling to the country over concerns of mass shootings. Another shooter was taken down by an unarmed man in Norway, by a 65 year old man, and the New Zealand government has handed out millions in a firearm buyback program, five months after its tragic Christchurch massacre. The Sir Swag News team would like to pay its deepest respects to the victims of whatever mass shooting happened between this video being written, and it finally being released. Meanwhile, an elderly couple kills themselves over high medical bills, a guy who thinks the world is flat is going to launch himself in a homemade rocket, and a straight pride event organizer says this, while trying to convince his local council to let him organize an event to celebrate heterosexuality. Don Grundmann: We haven’t done anything, we’re a totally peaceful, racist group, (Laughter erupts) In more positive news, Luxembourg legalizes cannabis, and the city of Barcelona can appreciate a good set of tits. In technology: A high school student pointed out a security flaw in his school software, and was rewarded with suspension. Russia fucks with mobile Internet to annoy democratic protesters, while Hong Kong protesters instead turn to Tinder to organize events, and use Pokemon Go as an excuse to explain large organized gatherings. in entertainment: “The Boys” becomes Amazon’s highest-rated original series of all time, Disney announced its pricing for its upcoming streaming service, and the film arm of Fox makes loss of a hundred and seventy million dollars. In gaming: An Apex Legends tournament was pulled from ESPN, with the channel stating that this was done out of respect for the victims of two recent mass shootings. video games as a whole also came under fire by a longer list of high-profile US politicians, who linked the medium to the recent list of tragedies. These include Texas leftenant governor Dan Patrick, former FBI agent Maureen O’Connell, and the current US president. A study published earlier this year by Oxford University attempted to find a link between violent video games and teenage aggression, but no such connection could be found. The Sir Swag News team also attempted to find if there was less violence before the invention of video games, however, this search quickly became fruitless. Meanwhile, the new Overwatch hero goes live along with role queue, the Apex Legends microtransaction update has launched, and the 16 year old who won three million dollars in the Fortnite World Cup was swatted. This type of content doesn’t make any money from ad revenue, but viewers who want to support this clusterfuck can do so with links in the description. Cheers.

Exploring The Koch Brothers’ Political Influence | Velshi & Ruhle | MSNBC


. .>>>TIME NOW FOR “MONEY, POWER,>>>TIME NOW FOR “MONEY, POWER, POLITICS.” POLITICS.” IN THE 2018 ELECTION CYCLE IN THE 2018 ELECTION CYCLE CONSERVATIVE BILLIONAIRES CONSERVATIVE BILLIONAIRES CHARLES AND DAVID KOCH SPENT CHARLES AND DAVID KOCH SPENT ALMOST $400 MILLION BUCKS WITH ALMOST $400 MILLION BUCKS WITH $20 MILLION DEDICATED TO MAKING $20 MILLION DEDICATED TO MAKING SURE THE TAX CUTS PASSED. SURE THE TAX CUTS PASSED. THERE ARE FEW INDIVIDUALS WITH THERE ARE FEW INDIVIDUALS WITH MORE INFLUENCE IN BUSINESS AND MORE INFLUENCE IN BUSINESS AND POLITICS THAN THESE TWO BROTHERS POLITICS THAN THESE TWO BROTHERS ON YOUR SCREEN. ON YOUR SCREEN. THEY OWN ROUGHLY 80% OF KOCH THEY OWN ROUGHLY 80% OF KOCH INDUSTRIES. INDUSTRIES. NOW, WE HEAR ABOUT THEIR NOW, WE HEAR ABOUT THEIR POLITICAL DONATIONS AND THEIR POLITICAL DONATIONS AND THEIR LOBBYING EFFORTS AGAINST CLIMATE LOBBYING EFFORTS AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE INITIATIVES BUT RARELY CHANGE INITIATIVES BUT RARELY HEAR ABOUT HOW THIS FAMILY GOT HEAR ABOUT HOW THIS FAMILY GOT SO POWERFUL. SO POWERFUL. IN THE NEW BOOK “KOCHLAND” IN THE NEW BOOK “KOCHLAND” KRISTOFFER LEONARD DESCRIBES HOW KRISTOFFER LEONARD DESCRIBES HOW CHARLES KOCH TURNED THIS COMPANY CHARLES KOCH TURNED THIS COMPANY INTO A $110 BILLION EMPIRE AND INTO A $110 BILLION EMPIRE AND HAVE INFILTRATED JUST ABOUT HAVE INFILTRATED JUST ABOUT EVERY THREAD OF AMERICAN LIFE. EVERY THREAD OF AMERICAN LIFE. I’LL SHARE THIS QUOTE. I’LL SHARE THIS QUOTE. THE COMPANY IS EMBEDDED IN THE THE COMPANY IS EMBEDDED IN THE HIDDEN INFRASTRUCTURE OF EVERY HIDDEN INFRASTRUCTURE OF EVERY DAY LIFE. DAY LIFE. MILLIONS OF PEOPLE USE KOCH MILLIONS OF PEOPLE USE KOCH PRODUCTS WITHOUT EVER SEEING PRODUCTS WITHOUT EVER SEEING KOCH’S NAME ATTACHED. KOCH’S NAME ATTACHED. JOINING ME NOW THE AUTHOR JOINING ME NOW THE AUTHOR OF “KOCHLAND THE SECRET STORY OF OF “KOCHLAND THE SECRET STORY OF KOCH INDUSTRIES AND CORPORATE KOCH INDUSTRIES AND CORPORATE POWER IN AMERICA.” POWER IN AMERICA.” CHRISTOPHER, YOU NOTE WE USE CHRISTOPHER, YOU NOTE WE USE KOCH PRODUCTS EVERY DAY AND KOCH PRODUCTS EVERY DAY AND ALMOST NEVER SEE THEIR NAME. ALMOST NEVER SEE THEIR NAME. WHAT ARE THE PRODUCTS? WHAT ARE THE PRODUCTS? HOW DID THIS HAPPEN? HOW DID THIS HAPPEN?>>WELL, THIS COMPANY>>WELL, THIS COMPANY SPECIALIZES IN THE KINDS OF SPECIALIZES IN THE KINDS OF BUSINESSES THAT UNDERPIN BUSINESSES THAT UNDERPIN CIVILIZATION. CIVILIZATION. KOCH MAKES FUEL, FERTILIZER, KOCH MAKES FUEL, FERTILIZER, BUILDING MATERIALS, CLOTHING BUILDING MATERIALS, CLOTHING MATERIALS, THE SENSORS IN YOUR MATERIALS, THE SENSORS IN YOUR CELL PHONES. CELL PHONES. THE KIND OF STUFF YOU USE EVERY THE KIND OF STUFF YOU USE EVERY DAY BUT NEVER DIRECTLY PURCHASE DAY BUT NEVER DIRECTLY PURCHASE IF YOU WILL. IF YOU WILL. AND THE PROFITS FROM THIS HAVE AND THE PROFITS FROM THIS HAVE BEEN STUNNING. BEEN STUNNING. KOCH’S ANNUAL SALES FOR EXAMPLE KOCH’S ANNUAL SALES FOR EXAMPLE ARE LARGER THAN THAT OF ARE LARGER THAN THAT OF FACEBOOK, GOLDMAN SACHS, AND FACEBOOK, GOLDMAN SACHS, AND U.S. STEEL COMBINED. U.S. STEEL COMBINED. THIS IS A MASSIVE COMPANY THAT THIS IS A MASSIVE COMPANY THAT AFFECTS MILLIONS OF AMERICANS. AFFECTS MILLIONS OF AMERICANS.>>THEN HOW ON EARTH DO WE>>THEN HOW ON EARTH DO WE BARELY KNOW ABOUT THEM? BARELY KNOW ABOUT THEM? I WANT TO SHARE A QUOTE FROM THE I WANT TO SHARE A QUOTE FROM THE BOOK. BOOK. WHEN YOU TALK ABOUT THE SECRECY. WHEN YOU TALK ABOUT THE SECRECY. YOU WRITE, SECRECY WAS A YOU WRITE, SECRECY WAS A STRATEGIC NECESSITY FOR KOCH STRATEGIC NECESSITY FOR KOCH INDUSTRIES. INDUSTRIES. CHARLES KOCH DID NOT WANT TO CHARLES KOCH DID NOT WANT TO SURRENDER IT. SURRENDER IT. HE ALSO DIDN’T WANT TO SURRENDER HE ALSO DIDN’T WANT TO SURRENDER CONTROL. CONTROL. HE HAD A SPECIFIC, CLEAR VISION HE HAD A SPECIFIC, CLEAR VISION OF HOW TO RUN HIS COMPANY AND HE OF HOW TO RUN HIS COMPANY AND HE DIDN’T NEED WALL STREET DIDN’T NEED WALL STREET INVESTORS TO INTERFERE. INVESTORS TO INTERFERE. SO WAS THE MAGIC OF ALL THIS TO SO WAS THE MAGIC OF ALL THIS TO KEEP THE COMPANY PRIVATE? KEEP THE COMPANY PRIVATE?>>THAT’S RIGHT.>>THAT’S RIGHT. WHAT IS SO INTERESTING TO ME IS WHAT IS SO INTERESTING TO ME IS THE SECRECY AROUND THIS THE SECRECY AROUND THIS CORPORATION. CORPORATION. WE KNOW KOCH, FOR EXAMPLE, VERY WE KNOW KOCH, FOR EXAMPLE, VERY INTENTIONALLY DISGUISES ITS INTENTIONALLY DISGUISES ITS POLITICAL DONATIONS. POLITICAL DONATIONS. WELL, THAT COMES FROM THE WELL, THAT COMES FROM THE BUSINESS ITSELF. BUSINESS ITSELF. AND WHAT I REALIZED IS THAT AND WHAT I REALIZED IS THAT SECRECY IS STRATEGIC FOR KOCH SECRECY IS STRATEGIC FOR KOCH INDUSTRIES. INDUSTRIES. FIRST OF ALL, THIS IS A COMPANY FIRST OF ALL, THIS IS A COMPANY THAT IS REALLY DEEPLY INVOLVED THAT IS REALLY DEEPLY INVOLVED IN WHAT WE WOULD CALL TRADING, IN WHAT WE WOULD CALL TRADING, BUYING AND SELLING, ENERGY, BUYING AND SELLING, ENERGY, SUPPLIES, EVEN BUYING AND SUPPLIES, EVEN BUYING AND SELLING OTHER COMPANIES. SELLING OTHER COMPANIES. WHEN THAT’S YOUR LINE OF WORK WHEN THAT’S YOUR LINE OF WORK YOU REALLY DON’T WANT OTHER YOU REALLY DON’T WANT OTHER PEOPLE TO KNOW WHAT YOU KNOW AND PEOPLE TO KNOW WHAT YOU KNOW AND TO KNOW WHAT YOU’RE BE TO DO. TO KNOW WHAT YOU’RE BE TO DO. THAT’S WHY SECRECY IS SO THAT’S WHY SECRECY IS SO FUNDAMENTAL TO THIS COMPANY. FUNDAMENTAL TO THIS COMPANY.>>CHARLIE, YOU HAVE SEEN THIS>>CHARLIE, YOU HAVE SEEN THIS PLAY OUT IN WISCONSIN, WISCONSIN PLAY OUT IN WISCONSIN, WISCONSIN POLITICS. POLITICS. PUT IT INTO CONTEXT. PUT IT INTO CONTEXT.>>WELL, I MEAN, OBVIOUSLY THEY>>WELL, I MEAN, OBVIOUSLY THEY HAVE BEEN MAJOR PLAYERS IN THE HAVE BEEN MAJOR PLAYERS IN THE CONSERVATIVE MOVEMENT AND THE CONSERVATIVE MOVEMENT AND THE RISE OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY BUT RISE OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY BUT WHAT IS INTERESTING TO ME, ALSO, WHAT IS INTERESTING TO ME, ALSO, IS THE WAY THAT — IS THE RULE IS THE WAY THAT — IS THE RULE THEY’RE GOING TO PLAY IN THE ERA THEY’RE GOING TO PLAY IN THE ERA OF TRUMP. OF TRUMP. THEY NEVER REALLY GOT ON BOARD THEY NEVER REALLY GOT ON BOARD WITH DONALD TRUMP AND THE THING WITH DONALD TRUMP AND THE THING ABOUT THE KOCHS AND I’M TALKING ABOUT THE KOCHS AND I’M TALKING ABOUT POLITICS, IN CONTRAST TO ABOUT POLITICS, IN CONTRAST TO SOME OF THE OTHER PLAYERS LIKE SOME OF THE OTHER PLAYERS LIKE THE MERCERS, THEY DO THINK THEY THE MERCERS, THEY DO THINK THEY ACTUALLY CARED ABOUT IDEAS. ACTUALLY CARED ABOUT IDEAS. AND I THINK THEY HAVE BEEN AND I THINK THEY HAVE BEEN WILLING TO STAY ARMS LENGTH. WILLING TO STAY ARMS LENGTH.>>AND –>>AND –>>THEY BOUGHT INTO THE WHOLE>>THEY BOUGHT INTO THE WHOLE STEVE BANNON, YOU KNOW, TRUMP STEVE BANNON, YOU KNOW, TRUMP SORT OF WORLD VIEW. SORT OF WORLD VIEW. AND I THINK THAT IT’S AND I THINK THAT IT’S INTERESTING TO ME TO NOTE WHAT INTERESTING TO ME TO NOTE WHAT ROLE THE KOCHS WILL PLAY OR THE ROLE THE KOCHS WILL PLAY OR THE KOCH — THE INFRASTRUCTURE WILL KOCH — THE INFRASTRUCTURE WILL PLAY IN THE REPUBLICAN PARTY AND PLAY IN THE REPUBLICAN PARTY AND THE CONSERVATIVE MOVEMENT POST THE CONSERVATIVE MOVEMENT POST DONALD TRUMP. DONALD TRUMP. THESE GUYS ARE HARD TO KIND OF, THESE GUYS ARE HARD TO KIND OF, YOU KNOW, IS JUST PUT INTO A BOX YOU KNOW, IS JUST PUT INTO A BOX BECAUSE THEY’RE QUITE BECAUSE THEY’RE QUITE LIBERTARIAN. LIBERTARIAN. THEY ARE INTERESTED IN A WHOLE THEY ARE INTERESTED IN A WHOLE LOT OF THINGS. LOT OF THINGS.>>KRISTOFFER,CHRISTOPHER YOU GO>>KRISTOFFER,CHRISTOPHER YOU GO GREATER DETAIL AROUND HOW DONALD GREATER DETAIL AROUND HOW DONALD TRUMP WAS CERTAINLY NOT THE KOCH TRUMP WAS CERTAINLY NOT THE KOCH BROTHERS’ BOY. BROTHERS’ BOY. THEY CONSIDERED FIVE DIFFERENT THEY CONSIDERED FIVE DIFFERENT REPUBLICANS IN 2016. REPUBLICANS IN 2016. NONE OF THEM WERE THE PRESIDENT. NONE OF THEM WERE THE PRESIDENT. YOU WROTE THIS. YOU WROTE THIS. IN MANY WAYS, DONALD TRUMP POSED IN MANY WAYS, DONALD TRUMP POSED A GREATER POLITICAL THREAT TO A GREATER POLITICAL THREAT TO CHARLES KOCH’S POLITICAL AGENDA CHARLES KOCH’S POLITICAL AGENDA THAN BARACK OBAMA. THAN BARACK OBAMA. THAT IS A BIG STATEMENT. THAT IS A BIG STATEMENT. HOW? HOW?>>WELL, CHARLES KOCH HAS BEEN>>WELL, CHARLES KOCH HAS BEEN PATIENTLY WORKING TO RESHAPE THE PATIENTLY WORKING TO RESHAPE THE REPUBLICAN PARTY FOR 40 YEARS. REPUBLICAN PARTY FOR 40 YEARS. HIS GOAL AS CHARLIE JUST SAID IS HIS GOAL AS CHARLIE JUST SAID IS TO MAKE THE REPUBLICANS MORE TO MAKE THE REPUBLICANS MORE LIBERTARIAN WITH THIS POINT OF LIBERTARIAN WITH THIS POINT OF VIEW THAT GOVERNMENT MUST BE VIEW THAT GOVERNMENT MUST BE LIMITED AND MUST NEVER INTERVENE LIMITED AND MUST NEVER INTERVENE IN MARKETS. IN MARKETS. WHEN DONALD TRUMP CAME ALONG IN WHEN DONALD TRUMP CAME ALONG IN 2016, HE UP ENDED THAT 2016, HE UP ENDED THAT PHILOSOPHY. PHILOSOPHY. DONALD TRUMP CLEARLY BELIEVES DONALD TRUMP CLEARLY BELIEVES THAT GOVERNMENT INTERVENTION IS THAT GOVERNMENT INTERVENTION IS NOT ONLY APPROPRIATE BUT NOT ONLY APPROPRIATE BUT DESIRABLE. DESIRABLE. JUST LOOK AT THE TARIFFS. JUST LOOK AT THE TARIFFS. LOOK AT THE TRADE WAR. LOOK AT THE TRADE WAR. DONALD TRUMP IS SEEKING TO DONALD TRUMP IS SEEKING TO RESHAPE THE REPUBLICAN PARTY NOW RESHAPE THE REPUBLICAN PARTY NOW IN HIS OWN IMAGE, WHICH IS THIS IN HIS OWN IMAGE, WHICH IS THIS SO-CALLED AMERICA FIRST AGENDA. SO-CALLED AMERICA FIRST AGENDA. IT IS VERY CLEAR THAT THE IT IS VERY CLEAR THAT THE AMERICA FIRST AGENDA IS ANATHEMA AMERICA FIRST AGENDA IS ANATHEMA TO THE KOCH NETWORK. TO THE KOCH NETWORK. THERE IS A STRUGGLE AND A FIGHT THERE IS A STRUGGLE AND A FIGHT FOR CONTROL FOR THE FUTURE OF FOR CONTROL FOR THE FUTURE OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY AND I THINK

Why the UK Election Results are the Worst in History.


Hello Internet The UK had an election we need to talk about
because after the debates finished, the people voted and the ballots tallied the results
were this: But parliament ended up looking like this: Which isn’t, exactly, representative. And
by not exactly, I mean at all. Red earned 30% of the vote and 36% of the
seats, which is sort of close, but the rest is madness: Orange earned 8% of the vote but
got one eighth of that while Yellow’s 5% just about doubled, and purple earned 13% and got
squat. Meanwhile blue’s 37% of the people booted
to 51% of the seats in parliament. The blue boost is even bigger when you consider that
51% of the seats gives basically 100% the control. How’d this happen? In the UK — national elections aren’t really
national, they’re a bunch of local elections. The UK is divided into constituencies, each
of which elects one member of parliament (M.P.) to represent them. This local / national divide
is where the trouble begins. Imagine a parliament with just three constituencies,
and it’s easy to see how it wouldn’t always align with citizens. Some people think this
sort of result is fine — “it’s all *about* winning local elections,” they’ll say.
“Each M.P. represents their constituency.” And while the imbalance in this example is
extreme, but it’s the same problem in the real election and this same argument is given,
but there are two more problems with it in reality land. 1) Few citizens have any idea who their MP
is, they just know what party they voted for — what party they want to represent their
views on the national level. And pretending like it’s a local election is a bit disingenuous.
— in practice it’s an election for how the nation will run — not really for who is going
to represent a tiny part of it. and even if it were 2) The individual constituencies are worse
at representing their citizens than parliament. Indulge this spreadsheet-loving nerd for a
moment, will you? The difference between what a party earned
at the polls and what they got in parliament is the amount of misrepresentation error. If we calculate all the errors for all the
parties and add them up we can say the Parliament as a whole has 47% percentage points of misrepresentation
error. That sounds bad looks like a utopian rainbow of diversity compared to any local
election because the local elections have *one* winner. Out of the 650 constituencies
647 have a higher representation error than parliament. These are the only three that
don’t and they’re really unusual for having so many of a single kind of voter in one place. Most places look the The Wrekin which is dead
in the middle a mere one-hundred and one points off. Note that the winning candidate didn’t
reach a majority here. Which means more than half of constituencies elected their MP with
a minority of voters. The worst is Belfast South at the bottom of
the list. Hilariously unrepresentative. Less than a quarter of the voters get to speak
for the entire place in parliament. This is the the lowest percentage an M.P. has ever
been elected by. So when people argue that the UK election
is a bunch of local elections 1) people don’t act like it, and 2) It’s even more of an argument
that the elections are broken because they’re worse on this level. These local elections are unrepresentative
because of the terrible ‘First Past the Post’ voting system — which I have complained mightily
about and won’t repeat everything here — go watch the video — but TL;DR it only ‘works’
when citizens are limited to two choices. Voting for any party except the biggest makes
it more likely the biggest will win by a minority — which is exactly what happened. That citizens keep voting for smaller parties
despite knowing the result is against their strategic interests demonstrates the citizenry
wants diverse representation — but that successes is the very thing that’s made this the most
unrepresentative parliament in the history of the UK. People happy with the results argue the system
is working fine — of course they do. Their team won. But Government isn’t a sport where a singular
‘winner’ must be determined. It’s a system to make rules that everyone follows and so,
we need a system where everyone can agree the process is fair even if the results don’t
go in their favor. If you support a system that disenfranchises
people you don’t like and turbo-franchises people you do — then it doesn’t look like
you support representative democracy, it looks like you support a kind of dictatorship lite.
Where a small group of people (including you) makes the rules for everyone. But as it is now, on election day the more
people express what they want the worse the system looks which makes them disengaged at
best or angry at worst and GEE I CAN’T IMAGINE WHY. This is fixable, there are many, many better
ways the UK could vote — here are two that even keep local representatives. And fixing voting really matters, because
this is a kind of government illegitimacy score — and it’s been going up and may continue
to do so unless this fundamentally broken voting system is changed.

The Emergence of Elizabethan ‘ Romantic ‘ Drama


Good morning and welcome to the course on
history of English language and literature. In the previous session we took a look at
the predecessors of Elizabethan drama, we also saw how drama had begun to evolve from
the 11th century onwards through a series of different kinds of plays known as Mystery
plays, Morality plays, Miracle plays and The Interludes. We also saw how the transition was quite gradual
and also how all these changes kept in tune with the changing taste of the English people
as well. In today’s session we will be taking a more
detailed look at how all these changes led to the emergence of a romantic kind of drama
in the English scene, especially during the Elizabethan period and let us begin by taking
a look at a major momentous event that we noticed in the previous session which was
the production and presentation of a tragedy named Gorboduc. We noticed that this was performed in front
of the Queen in 1561 for the first time and this was authored by not Norton and Thomas
Sackville. This had enjoyed a huge popularity and had
ensured a wide audience in the English public during that time and there was also a sense
by which the play Gorboduc had begun to move away from the classic theories and from the
classic elements. So this was initially modeled alongside Senecan
plays. Seneca is being the first century Greek dramatist
but at the same time the display of the Gorboduc begun to show a blend of English and classical
elements. And to go into a bit of the details we begun
this notice that the play Gorboduc had ignored the unity of time and place which was quite
mandatory in the classical period and at the same time they had begun to add some non-classical
dumb shows before each acts. This kind of a frivolity was not acceptable
in the classical tradition because a tragedy had to be in the tragic tone and tragic mood
throughout and there was no allowance for including any kind of comic interludes but
we find that Gorboduc had begun to challenge all those classical notions and this had in
that sense the English play had begun to move away from the classical elements as well. But at the same time it was Senecan to the
core in some of the aspects. Certain formalities like chorus and messenger
the introduction of the chorus the use of the messenger all of that remained the same
and the structure of the play also remained along the Senecan morale. On the whole there was a blend of typical
Senecan tragedy and also an introduction of the new nationalists taste which were coming
into being. So we look at the history of Gorboduc. It was first premiere before the Queen in
1561. This was again published in a proper format
in 1565 but there were lots of mistakes and lots of errors from the production and a better
version appeared in 1570. It was retitled as The Tragedy of Ferrex and
Porrex. So the influence in popularity of Goborduc
was in such a way that even after it was staged into decades, the popularity continued and
people were quite keen to read about the play, quite keep to get copies of the play, so on
and so forth. So however Goborduc also saw that a new kind
of drama, a new kind of romantic drama was getting initiated into the English public. So soon after the production of Gorboduc we
find that there is some dilemma and confusion about what could be the right kind of dramatic
practices to be followed in England and we also noticed in some of the previous sessions
that whether it is in terms of religion, politics, morality, economy whatever it be, English
people had begun to develop their own sense of everything their own idea of all kinds
of practices. This begins to get reflected in the literary
practices and dramatic practices of that period as well. So we find a tussle between the classical
dramatic tradition as well as the emergent national taste and in that sense we find that
the faithful imitation of the ancient model, some of the plays like Gorboduc or perhaps
even many are the tragedies especially, they had forced themselves to cramp into this Senecan
style and also try and display the free spirit of the Elizabethan times. And we also need to talk a little bit of about
Senecan at this point of time because you know we will be coming back time and again
to the Senecan model later especially when we begin to discuss the Elizabethan tragedy
in particular. Seneca was a very influential figure in Elizabethan
times so much so that all of his 10 tragedies together they were published together in a
single addition in 1581 and this had become hugely popular among the aspiring dramatist
and also common people found it very interesting to refer to Senecan to see whether the, how
the contemporary Elizabethan dramatists were either sticking to the principles of Seneca
or how they were departing from the principles of Seneca. So in that sense tussle had begun to emerge
between the classical tradition and the emergent national taste but however we find that over
the decade the national taste triumphs over all other alien influences and this is not
to say that the Senecan influencehad begun to completely disappear. We do find it coming back now and again especially
in the case of tragedy. And what do I mean when I say a national taste? This had a few characteristic features and
first of all the plays which had begun to emerge after Gorboduc, after this confusion
and after this dilemma of whether to go back to the classical or stick to the native tradition,
we find that most of the plays began to cater to the amusement of the miscellaneous unscholarly
public. This is very important because until then
art and any kinds of relative amusement was primarily meant for a court audience or for
a scholarly public but here we find that drama brings art closer to the common man, away
from the control of the church and away from the graces of the court. And we also find there is an influence of
the patrons who begun to flourish during this time. Most of the dramatic productions become possible
only when the patrons fund them properly or the patrons give them assistants to stage
the plays in particular ways. And here we find that most of the patrons
as well as the dramatists including the common people who are watching the plays, they began
to care more for the exiting and vigorous plots and action rather than going into the
finer details of actions or the principles of drama which we would begin to see a little
later and this also gave the dramatists and the actors a lot of freedom to experiment
with different formats, different kinds of scenes, different ways of shifting between
the emotions, so on and so forth. At this point it is useful to remember that
the Senecan model or the ancient classical model did not allow any kind of shift in tone
or any kind of shift in emotions. One had to stick to the same kind of emotions
throughout the stages of the play, all of these things get challenged and we find that
the English national taste triumphing over the classical traditions and we also find
that the stage becomes freer and less restrictive which allows a presence of lot of new tricks,
magic etc into the dramatic plots. And these sort of spectacles were not encouraged
in the classical tradition. In that sense it becomes quite an important
feature of the Elizabethan times itself. At the same time we begin to notice that biggest
of the overbearing influence of the protestants theme, the catholic theme as well as the popularity of the Mystery plays
begin to wane away during this period and we do not find English public going back at
any point of time to the model of the Mystery plays or the Miracle plays. We only see an advancement of the Morality
plays as we began to notice in the last session. And at this point it also becomes important
to take a closer look at what exactly the principles of classic drama were. And the principle of the classic drama were
loosely based on the teaching of the Aristotle and also on the Latin poet the first century
dramatist and poet Seneca. So there were three elements which would which
would constitute the principles of classic drama. First one being the unity of the subject in
tone and this essentially meant that this fears of tragedy and comedy being maintained
entirely separate as we noticed multiple times in the beginning of the lecture itself that
a tragedy should constitute only tragic elements according to the classical tradition and the
comedy should only constitute comic elements. And a mix of both was not considered acceptable
in the classical tradition of drama and secondly there was little or no dramatic action in
this stage. In the sense there was a war scene or a battle
going on, there would be a voice over which would describe the scene, no kind of action
was shown on onstage. So basically it was a set of narratives one
after the other and no kind of action was allowed. This was understood, it was generally understood
that any kind of overt action on stage would take away the purity and the sanctity of the
play in general. So this when the Elizabethan come to encounter
different kinds of actions and different kinds of plot structures, they also began to find
this a little too boring to begin with and the third one is the unities of time, place
and action. So the entire plot and the entire theme was
constructed in such a way that the unites of time, place and action were never disturbed. In that sense the entire story was always
set on a single day. It was based in a single scene and there was
only a single story line without any sub-plots or minor episodes which meant that any kind
of events which were taking place outside this unity of time, place and action was either
just briefly mentioned by way of narrative or it was included into the dialogue of the
various characters present on stage. So in that sense there was no way in which
the within the classical tradition there was no way in which the plot could move across
centuries or across different time time frames. It had to stick to these three unities. But when it comes to romantic drama we find
that the drama began to challenge all these classical principles which were in place until
then. So this also encouraged a lot of free use
of variety in theme and in tone and we find the Elizabethan playwrights blending in the
comic and tragic elements together. Later we will begin to see how even in Shakespeare’s
plays even in a tragedy there was always some room made for the comic interlude. So even within a comedy there were serious
moments they were very austere things getting talked about. So this blending had taken away the monotony
of the classical tradition. The action the employment of action was a
very significant thing in the Elizabethan drama. We find that Elizabethan drama begun to employ
both action and narrative but there was always a predominance of action over narrative and
everything that happen was always represented in some form or the other in the stage and
they also ensured that the narrative which had predominated in the classical tradition
had completely been replaced by proper action which was happening on stage. This had given a freer expression to the dramatist. it also had encouraged the audience to participate
in a more active way in the place which have been staged. And thirdly with three unities were not taken
seriously at all by the Elizabethan playwrights. In fact they began to come up with story lines
that would extent over months or years, the change of seasons or even the complete change
of scenery could be incorporated. They introduced sub-plots, minor episodes
and all of that into the story line. So it became a more exciting and more experimental
kind of drama which had begun to emerge and due to this there was this possibility of
variety which could be introduced on stage and its interesting to note that some of the
times when there was a change of scene in plays either it could be in order to represent
a forest a small plant could be kept on stage. So in many ways they began to experiment and
also every single action which was take which was part of the story was incorporated into
the stage practices as well. And here we find that this is the time when
the romantic form of drama began to properly emerge in the Elizabethan times and this is
in fact considered as an achievement of Shakespeare’s predecessors. In that way the predecessors had made a little
easier for Shakespeare to begin practicing Elizabethan romantic drama without having
any direct challenge from the ancient classical models. And in this context it is useful to remember
that there were a set of dramatists known as the universe duets about whom we will be
taking a look at one of their latest sessions. The university which were the ones who began to bring about
a theatrical and practical change in the emergence of English dramatic drama. And to take a further look at the features
at Elizabethan drama, there were basically four kinds of drama not necessary in terms
of generic division but there were four kinds of drama which were prevalent during those
times – comedies, history plays and chronicles, tragedies and also plays which showed a general
interest in politics and the history of the times. The comedies were mostly from Italian or Latin
sources and since the queen or the monarch was the reigning supreme power during those
times and also the plays were heavily funded by the patrons were mostly the courters the
most of the plays had a congratulatory nature, they were it in praise of the patrons or the
ruling monarch. So we do find a lot of references to the ruling
class in most of the plays which were getting produced during that time and also we find
that love and tribulations began to emerge as a major theme during those time. This is in stark contrast with the Senecan
model because most of the Senecan plays were had focused on war and elements of horror
within it. So from that there is a drastic move towards
the final emotions of human life and we find in the Shakespeare plays in general that love
is a major theme that writes throughout most of his plays at different phase and there
were lot of interest in history plays and chronicles and these history plays and chronicles
were also a way in which English public could turn back and look at
their glorious past and also get to know about the life of the kings and other rulers from
the period of the Norman conquest onwards. If we survey the works of Shakespeare relate
to point we would also know that the history plays form a major corpus of his works as
well and the tragedies were mostly based on the Senecan model, they were also melodramatic
and they had incorporated a lot of emotional speeches in that. The stage spectacle were also quite incredible
and in that sense though the tragedies try to fit themselves into the Senecan models,
they moved away in terms of these elaborate stage shows and the elaborate the kinds of
spectacle as well. And most of these tragedies also try to showcase
the darker side of human character. If you remember in the last session we took
a look at the Morality plays which had begun to personify the abstract characters and also
talk about the various ways in which human life is being constituted. So we find this getting advanced in many ways
in the tragedies of the Elizabethan period. There were lot of discussions, lot of deliberations
about melancholic aspect of human life in general which we see in the Elizabethan drama
in general. And most of these place were not distant from
what was happening in contemporary Elizabethan life. So there is a general interest in politics
and history which gets shown throughout the Elizabethan period. We find this not just in drama but also in
the other forms of writings which we would be taking a look at later on. And in these through this through these plays
as they began to reflect the contemporary life and also the state of politics and state
of history in general, this also becomes a tool for the historians to later on to look
at how artists and other common people were responding to be these affairs of the state
in a many different ways. And at this point it is also useful to remember
that by this time Bible ceases to be the only source of dramatic plot. They also borrowed heavily from other languages,
other traditions and also there is during this time that we begin to see the idea of
original plays and original story lines coming into being. So the by this time we noticed that the control
of the church completely goes away and also the theme, the moral structure and everything
related to human life moved away drastically from the theological frame work. So as we begin to sum up its important to
see how the theatre in England had begun to emerge and had begun to evolve at this point
of time. We had begun to notice how performances were
staged initially within the church and then they moved towards the the outside of the
cathedral and gradually the shift is towards the towns square and then there are also these
travelling pageants who begin to perform within the boxes which were installed within moving
vehicles. So drama in general in terms of performance,
in terms of stage it goes through all of these stages and by the time we reached the Elizabethan
period we noticed that there are these travelling companies who are emerging mostly funded by
their trade guilds and merchants and they also staged their shows in barns and yards. So there is a way in which art comes closer
to the common man and it is no longer part of the church or part of the court as we have
reiterated many times. And at this time it is an interesting fact
remains that actors were not recognized as a professional during those times. In fact they were mostly at the mercy of their
guilds, in fact it was the trade guilds who were funding many of these stage shows and
also they were at mercy of their patrons. It is for a long time in fact in England it
continues to be in the same way. So that the actors were their lives were quite
uncertain. They had to be at the mercy whoever were funding
their lives and their stage performances, so they also had to stick to certain kinds
of certain kinds of they also had to show political and economic affiliation to whoever
was in power and whoever was funding them and only much later we begin to see that acting and the
performances they begin to be commercialize at a later stage as well And we find that Britain also England in general
they begin to feel the need for these permanent playhouses rather than the travelling stages
or the travelling companies. So initially two playhouses begin to be erected,
this is by the end of the 16th century. They were known as the theater and the curtain. This is roughly around the time 1576-77. So if you remember in the last session we
noted that there was at one point an Edict which came into play which ruled that none
of the playhouses could be could be housed within the city of London, so they had to
move outside the city of London to prevent various socio-political issues. One of them being the spread of the plague,
there was also this issue of discipline which had to be taken care of. So the city council the town council in general
felt that if these playhouses were put up inside the city it would led to a lot of law
and order problem. So in order to prevent that most of the play
house initially were set up outside the city limits and we find that series of playhouses
come into being during this times. There is Fortune Rose in 1587, Swan 1591,
Globe in 1599, Red Bull in 1605 and Hope in 1614 and all of these are playhouses they
were funded heavily by the patrons. The actors were not getting a proper wage
for what they were doing but their general livelihood was taken care of these by these
patrons and they also owned many of their land and the the play houses which were being
put up there and all of these theaters were built outside the city limits and in order
to avoid any kind of tussle with the ruling council. There were also private playhouses inside
the city limits but this did not cater to a general public, this was only for a smaller
and wealthier audience and also because of the class differences that existed during
that time. There was always a group of high class, wealthy
audience who did not want to mingle with the low class commoners. So some of the patrons had even set up a few
select playhouses within the city but on and off they ran into major problems with the
city council because of the law and order issue because the people were thronging over
there to get an entry into these playhouses as well. So these some of these private playhouse include
Paul’s Boys which was prevalent from 1576-84 and Blackfriars which had a very short life
in the 1600. So this is how the scene of the playhouses
were like and at this juncture it is very useful to remember that one of the playhouse
companies known The Lord Chamberlains Men which later begun to be known as the Kings
Men, this was in fact Shakespeare’s company which initially began to make theatre and
acting as a mode of professional kind of an activity. So in this session we have already noted how
various socio-politico elements had also come into being to aid the emergence of Elizabethan
romantic drama. So this was an very important phase in history
of England in general because from this time onwards we do not find Elizabethan we do not
find English drama going back to the standards of the classical drama. On and off there is an influence, there is
a revival of the classical elements but otherwise we find that a proper, native English tradition
gets institutionalized from this point of time onwards. In the following sessions we will be taking
a closer look at who the major playwrights of the period was. Who the major Elizabethan playwrights was,
the most important one being Shakespeare. We will also be looking at how all of those
influences together began to project Elizabethan times as the golden period in literature not
just in England but also in terms of world literature. This is all we have for this lecture. Thank you for listening.

The 1619 Project: How Slavery Has Defined America Today | MSNBC


>>>IF YOU’RE ON TWITTER THIS unforgettably creamy.>>>IF YOU’RE ON TWITTER THIS MORNING, YOU MAY HAVE SEEN THE MORNING, YOU MAY HAVE SEEN THE HASH TAG 1619 PROJECT BRUNCH. HASH TAG 1619 PROJECT BRUNCH. “THE NEW YORK TIMES” MAGAZINE IS “THE NEW YORK TIMES” MAGAZINE IS ROLLING OUT A SPECIAL ISSUE ROLLING OUT A SPECIAL ISSUE COMMEMORATING THE 400 YEAR COMMEMORATING THE 400 YEAR ANNIVERSARY OF THE AFRICANS ANNIVERSARY OF THE AFRICANS ENTERING THE UNITED STATES. ENTERING THE UNITED STATES. IT’S A CULTURAL HISTORY OF HOW IT’S A CULTURAL HISTORY OF HOW THE LEGACY OF SLAVERY CONTINUES THE LEGACY OF SLAVERY CONTINUES TO SHAPE AND DEFINE LIFE IN TO SHAPE AND DEFINE LIFE IN AMERICA. AMERICA. THERE ARE STORIES AND ESSAYS THERE ARE STORIES AND ESSAYS FROM JOURNALISTS AND POETS AND FROM JOURNALISTS AND POETS AND MU U SIEM CURE RATERS. MU U SIEM CURE RATERS. IT’S AN EXAMINATION OF THE IT’S AN EXAMINATION OF THE UNITED STATES’ ORIGIN STORY. UNITED STATES’ ORIGIN STORY. IT IS DESIGNED TO KICK START IT IS DESIGNED TO KICK START CONVERSATIONS, THUS THAT HASH CONVERSATIONS, THUS THAT HASH TAG B AND I’M PLEASED WE’RE TAG B AND I’M PLEASED WE’RE GOING TO HAVE OUR OWN WITH THE GOING TO HAVE OUR OWN WITH THE CREATOR OF THIS PROJECT, NICOLE CREATOR OF THIS PROJECT, NICOLE HANNAH-JONES WHOSE ESSAY WAS AT HANNAH-JONES WHOSE ESSAY WAS AT THE FRONT OF THIS ISSUE. THE FRONT OF THIS ISSUE. THANK YOU VERY MUCH FOR BEING THANK YOU VERY MUCH FOR BEING HERE. HERE. AND IT IS AN AS TONTONISHING THI AND IT IS AN AS TONTONISHING THI TO BEHOLD TO GET THE PHYSICAL TO BEHOLD TO GET THE PHYSICAL COPY HELP US UNDERSTAND THIS. COPY HELP US UNDERSTAND THIS. HOW LONG YOU’VE BEEN THINK INGIN HOW LONG YOU’VE BEEN THINK INGIN ABOUT THIS. ABOUT THIS. HOW LONG YOU’VE U BEEN THINKING HOW LONG YOU’VE U BEEN THINKING ABOUT CHANGING OUR NOTIONS OF ABOUT CHANGING OUR NOTIONS OF THE START OF THIS COUNTRY. THE START OF THIS COUNTRY. MOVING IT FROM 1776 TO 1619. MOVING IT FROM 1776 TO 1619.>>SO I FIRST CAME ACROSS THE>>SO I FIRST CAME ACROSS THE YEAR, THE DATE, 1619 AS A HIGH YEAR, THE DATE, 1619 AS A HIGH SCHOOL STUDENT AND I CAME ACROSS SCHOOL STUDENT AND I CAME ACROSS IT IN A BOOK CALLED BEFORE THE IT IN A BOOK CALLED BEFORE THE THE MAYFLOWER. THE MAYFLOWER. I REMEMBER BEING ASTOUNDED I REMEMBER BEING ASTOUNDED BECAUSE I NEVER THOUGHT THEY HAD BECAUSE I NEVER THOUGHT THEY HAD BEEN HERE BEFORE THE PILGRIMS BEEN HERE BEFORE THE PILGRIMS LANDED. LANDED. I’VE BEEN OBSESSED WITH THAT I’VE BEEN OBSESSED WITH THAT PERIOD FOR A LONG TIME AND AS PERIOD FOR A LONG TIME AND AS THE ANNIVERSARY WAS APPROACHING, THE ANNIVERSARY WAS APPROACHING, I REALLY THOUGHT THIS WAS AN I REALLY THOUGHT THIS WAS AN OPPORTUNITY THE FINALLY EXAMINE OPPORTUNITY THE FINALLY EXAMINE IN AN INSTITUTION LIKE THE IN AN INSTITUTION LIKE THE TIMES, THE LEGACY OF F WHAT IT TIMES, THE LEGACY OF F WHAT IT MEANS TO BE B A COUNTRY THAT WAS MEANS TO BE B A COUNTRY THAT WAS FOUNDED IN SLAVERY AND WHERE IT FOUNDED IN SLAVERY AND WHERE IT IS THE 400thth ANNIVERSARY OF IS THE 400thth ANNIVERSARY OF THIS. THIS.>>WALK US THROUGH WHAT IT WAS>>WALK US THROUGH WHAT IT WAS LIKE TO EVAN JELLIZE. LIKE TO EVAN JELLIZE. OUR COLLEAGUE, WESLEY MORMORRIS, OUR COLLEAGUE, WESLEY MORMORRIS, TALK ABOUT THAT. TALK ABOUT THAT. YOU BRINGING UP THIS DATE AND YOU BRINGING UP THIS DATE AND GETTING FOLKS TO THINK ABOUT IT GETTING FOLKS TO THINK ABOUT IT IN THE WAY YOU HAVE. IN THE WAY YOU HAVE.>>IT WAS AMAZE.>>IT WAS AMAZE. PEOPLE WHEN I FIRST PITCHED IT PEOPLE WHEN I FIRST PITCHED IT AT “THE NEW YORK TIMES,” THERE AT “THE NEW YORK TIMES,” THERE WAS NO PUSHBACK WHATSOEVER. WAS NO PUSHBACK WHATSOEVER. PEOPLE IMMEDIATELY, JAKE SILL PEOPLE IMMEDIATELY, JAKE SILL SER STEEN, MY EDITOR SAW THIS SER STEEN, MY EDITOR SAW THIS WAS SOMETHING IMPORTANT THAT WE WAS SOMETHING IMPORTANT THAT WE SHOULD DO THAT HOW OFTEN DO YOU SHOULD DO THAT HOW OFTEN DO YOU GET A CHANCE TO COMMEMORATE 400 GET A CHANCE TO COMMEMORATE 400 YEARS OF ANYTHING, BUT YEARS OF ANYTHING, BUT ESPECIALLY INSTITUTION THAT’S ESPECIALLY INSTITUTION THAT’S BEEN SO CENTRAL TO AMERICA, BUT BEEN SO CENTRAL TO AMERICA, BUT WE HAVE REFUSED TO REALLY WE HAVE REFUSED TO REALLY GRAPPLE WITH. GRAPPLE WITH. SO WHEN I STARTED TOALK INGING T SO WHEN I STARTED TOALK INGING T OTHER WRITERS AND POETS AND OTHER WRITERS AND POETS AND ASKING THEM PEOPLE WERE JUST SO ASKING THEM PEOPLE WERE JUST SO EXCITED TO PARTICIPATE. EXCITED TO PARTICIPATE. TO BE ABLE TO WEIGH IN IN A TO BE ABLE TO WEIGH IN IN A HISTORIC WAY IN THE PAPER OF HISTORIC WAY IN THE PAPER OF RECORD ON THIS INSTITUTION AND RECORD ON THIS INSTITUTION AND ITS LEGACY. ITS LEGACY. I DIDN’T HAVE A PROBLEM I DIDN’T HAVE A PROBLEM CONVINCING PEOPLE. CONVINCING PEOPLE.>>I’M GOING TO ASK YOU THEN>>I’M GOING TO ASK YOU THEN BRING EVERYBODY ELSE BACK IN. BRING EVERYBODY ELSE BACK IN. YOU WRITE ABOUT THE FACT THAT YOU WRITE ABOUT THE FACT THAT FLEW OUTSIDE YOUR HOUSE AND YOUR FLEW OUTSIDE YOUR HOUSE AND YOUR DAD’S REGARD FOR THAT. DAD’S REGARD FOR THAT. WHAT HE RECOGNIZED IN THAT FLAG WHAT HE RECOGNIZED IN THAT FLAG THAT YOU WERE UNABLE TO THAT YOU WERE UNABLE TO RECOGNIZE. RECOGNIZE. TALK ABOUT THAT. TALK ABOUT THAT. HOW THROUGH THINKING ABOUT THIS HOW THROUGH THINKING ABOUT THIS PROJECT, YOU HAVE COME TO AN PROJECT, YOU HAVE COME TO AN UNDERSTANDING OF WHAT THE UNDERSTANDING OF WHAT THE SYMBOLS MEANT TO YOUR DAD. SYMBOLS MEANT TO YOUR DAD.>>ABSOLUTELY.>>ABSOLUTELY. AS A CHILD PLRLY DURING BY TANL AS A CHILD PLRLY DURING BY TANL YEARTEENAGE YEARS, AN AMBIVALENT YEARTEENAGE YEARS, AN AMBIVALENT FEELING ABOUT BEING AN AMERICAN. FEELING ABOUT BEING AN AMERICAN. I GREW UP WITH THE SENSE THIS I GREW UP WITH THE SENSE THIS WASN’T REALLY OUR COUNTRY TO WASN’T REALLY OUR COUNTRY TO CHAIM. CHAIM. AND THAT WE HAD NEVER BEEN TREAT AND THAT WE HAD NEVER BEEN TREAT ED AS FULL CITIZENS. ED AS FULL CITIZENS. SO MY DAD FLYING THIS FLAG IN SO MY DAD FLYING THIS FLAG IN OUR YARD, OUR HOUSE WAS KIND OF OUR YARD, OUR HOUSE WAS KIND OF PERPETUALLY IN DISREPAIR, BUT PERPETUALLY IN DISREPAIR, BUT THAT FLAG WAS ALSO PRISTINE AND THAT FLAG WAS ALSO PRISTINE AND AS SOON AS IT GOT ANY TATTER, MY AS SOON AS IT GOT ANY TATTER, MY DAD WOULD TAKE IT DOWN. DAD WOULD TAKE IT DOWN. IFLS REALLY EMBARRASSED THAT HE IFLS REALLY EMBARRASSED THAT HE WOULD SO OUTWARDLY SHOW WOULD SO OUTWARDLY SHOW PATRIOTISM FOR A COUNTRY THAT I PATRIOTISM FOR A COUNTRY THAT I FELT DIDN’T TREAT BLACK PEOPLE FELT DIDN’T TREAT BLACK PEOPLE AS CITIZENS. AS CITIZENS. I JUST CAME TO UNDERSTAND THAT I JUST CAME TO UNDERSTAND THAT OUR HISTORY IN THIS COUNTRY, OUR HISTORY IN THIS COUNTRY, BLACK PEOPLE’S ROLE IN TRULY BLACK PEOPLE’S ROLE IN TRULY BELIEVING IN OUR FOUNDING IDEALS BELIEVING IN OUR FOUNDING IDEALS AND BEING WILLING TO DIE AGAIN AND BEING WILLING TO DIE AGAIN AND AGAIN TO MAKE THOSE TRUE FOR AND AGAIN TO MAKE THOSE TRUE FOR ALL AMERICANS. ALL AMERICANS. THERE’S NO GREATER PATRIOTISM. THERE’S NO GREATER PATRIOTISM. AND IT’S ACTUALLY DISRESPECTFUL AND IT’S ACTUALLY DISRESPECTFUL TO OUR ANCESTORS NOT TO CLAIM TO OUR ANCESTORS NOT TO CLAIM THIS COUNTRY AND THAT FLAG AND THIS COUNTRY AND THAT FLAG AND TO BE ABLE TO CLAIM OUR LEGACY TO BE ABLE TO CLAIM OUR LEGACY HERE ON THESE LANDS. HERE ON THESE LANDS.>>IT SAYS BEAUTIFULLY IN PRINT,>>IT SAYS BEAUTIFULLY IN PRINT, ONLINE AS WELL. ONLINE AS WELL. MIKE, I SEE YOU’VE BEEN LOOKING MIKE, I SEE YOU’VE BEEN LOOKING AT IT. AT IT.>>I WOULD SAY OUR HOUSE HAS>>I WOULD SAY OUR HOUSE HAS BEEN PERPETUALLY IN DISREPAIR, BEEN PERPETUALLY IN DISREPAIR, TOO. TOO. I GOT THIS LAST NIGHT AND WAS I GOT THIS LAST NIGHT AND WAS HIGHLIGHTING IT. HIGHLIGHTING IT. YOU WROTE THIS. YOU WROTE THIS. THE SHAMEFUL PARADOX OF THE SHAMEFUL PARADOX OF CONTINUING CHANNEL SLAVERY IN A CONTINUING CHANNEL SLAVERY IN A NATION FOUNDED ON INDIVIDUAL NATION FOUNDED ON INDIVIDUAL FREEDOM SCHOLARS TODAY ASSERT FREEDOM SCHOLARS TODAY ASSERT LED TO A HARDENING OF THE LED TO A HARDENING OF THE RATIONAL CAST SYSTEM. RATIONAL CAST SYSTEM. THE PARADOX, NOT JUST THE FACT THE PARADOX, NOT JUST THE FACT OF THE PECULIAR INSTITUTION, NOT OF THE PECULIAR INSTITUTION, NOT JUST THE FACT THAT BLACK JUST THE FACT THAT BLACK AMERICANS WERE STAMPED FROM THE AMERICANS WERE STAMPED FROM THE BEGINNING AS A PROBLEM, BUT THE BEGINNING AS A PROBLEM, BUT THE PARADOX OF THE IDEALS AND THE PARADOX OF THE IDEALS AND THE REALITY DROVE US CRAZY. REALITY DROVE US CRAZY. IS THIS YOUR POINT? IS THIS YOUR POINT?>>YES, IT HAD THE KROESCORROSIV>>YES, IT HAD THE KROESCORROSIV EFFECT BECAUSE WE KNEW THAT OUR EFFECT BECAUSE WE KNEW THAT OUR AT OUR FOUNDING, WAS HYPOCRISY. AT OUR FOUNDING, WAS HYPOCRISY. I HEAR LOT OF NATIONS PRACTICE I HEAR LOT OF NATIONS PRACTICE SLAVERY, BUT THEY WEREN’T SLAVERY, BUT THEY WEREN’T FOUNDED ON THE IDEAL OF FOUNDED ON THE IDEAL OF INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS AND WOULD BE INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS AND WOULD BE THE MOST LIB TORRE DEMOCRACY THE MOST LIB TORRE DEMOCRACY WE’VE EVER SEEN. WE’VE EVER SEEN. SO HAVING TO DEAL WITH THOSE TWO SO HAVING TO DEAL WITH THOSE TWO THING, THAT YOU’RE HOLDING THING, THAT YOU’RE HOLDING PEOPLE IN BONDAGE WAS CORROSIVE PEOPLE IN BONDAGE WAS CORROSIVE TO OUR DEVELOPMENT AND THAT’S TO OUR DEVELOPMENT AND THAT’S REALLY WHAT THE MAGAZINE TRIES REALLY WHAT THE MAGAZINE TRIES TO GRAPPLE WITH IS THAT YOU CAN TO GRAPPLE WITH IS THAT YOU CAN LOOK ACROSS MODERN SOCIETY TELL LOOK ACROSS MODERN SOCIETY TELL AND STILL SEE THE EFFECTS OF AND STILL SEE THE EFFECTS OF THAT NEED THE HIDE THAT SIN. THAT NEED THE HIDE THAT SIN. WE WANT TO HIDE THAT SIN BECAUSE WE WANT TO HIDE THAT SIN BECAUSE WE’RE ASHAMED OF IT. WE’RE ASHAMED OF IT.>>SO MUCH RESONANCE TODAY TO>>SO MUCH RESONANCE TODAY TO WHAT’S HAPPENED OVER THE YEARS. WHAT’S HAPPENED OVER THE YEARS. NO ONE CHERISHES FREEDOM MORE NO ONE CHERISHES FREEDOM MORE THAN THOSE WHO HAVE NOT HAD IT THAN THOSE WHO HAVE NOT HAD IT AND TO THIS DAY, BLACK AMERICANS AND TO THIS DAY, BLACK AMERICANS MORE THAN ANY OTHER GROUP MORE THAN ANY OTHER GROUP EMBRACE THE DEMOCRATIC IDEALS. EMBRACE THE DEMOCRATIC IDEALS. SITUATING THIS IN THE ELECTION. SITUATING THIS IN THE ELECTION. SITUATING THE CONVERSATION WE SITUATING THE CONVERSATION WE WERE HAVING EARLIER ABOUT WERE HAVING EARLIER ABOUT HOUSING POLICY, THAT IS HOUSING POLICY, THAT IS PARTICULARLY RESONANT. PARTICULARLY RESONANT.>>THE PIECE WAS SO, THE IT’S SO>>THE PIECE WAS SO, THE IT’S SO INCREDIBLE AND THE PROJECT IS INCREDIBLE AND THE PROJECT IS ABSOLUTELY ASTOUNDING BECAUSE ABSOLUTELY ASTOUNDING BECAUSE LIKE YOU, I DIDN’T LEARN ANY OF LIKE YOU, I DIDN’T LEARN ANY OF THIS. THIS. I NEVER LEARNED ANY OF THIS IN I NEVER LEARNED ANY OF THIS IN SCHOOL. SCHOOL. ANYTHING THAT I WAS TAUGHT ABOUT ANYTHING THAT I WAS TAUGHT ABOUT AFRICAN-AMERICANS, ABOUT SLAVERY AFRICAN-AMERICANS, ABOUT SLAVERY WAS ALWAYS JUST LIKE A BOOKMARK, WAS ALWAYS JUST LIKE A BOOKMARK, RIGHT? RIGHT? IT WAS NEVER A STORY TO BE TOLD IT WAS NEVER A STORY TO BE TOLD AND IT IS ONE THAT WE AND IT IS ONE THAT WE CONSISTENTLY HIDE FROM AND NOT CONSISTENTLY HIDE FROM AND NOT ONLY DO WE HIDE FROM IT, WE ONLY DO WE HIDE FROM IT, WE PRETEND IT DOES NOT ECONOMIST. PRETEND IT DOES NOT ECONOMIST. WHEN MITCH McCONNELL WAS ASKED WHEN MITCH McCONNELL WAS ASKED ABOUT REPARATION, WE GAVE YOU A ABOUT REPARATION, WE GAVE YOU A BLACK PRESIDENT SO YOU SHOULD BE BLACK PRESIDENT SO YOU SHOULD BE OKAY WITH THAT, RIGHT? OKAY WITH THAT, RIGHT? IT’S THIS IDEA THAT WE SHOULD IT’S THIS IDEA THAT WE SHOULD JUST BE SATISFIED THAT WE’RE JUST BE SATISFIED THAT WE’RE ABLE TO WALK AROUND AS FULLY ABLE TO WALK AROUND AS FULLY FLEDGED HUMAN BEINGS EVEN THOUGH FLEDGED HUMAN BEINGS EVEN THOUGH WE’RE NOT ALLOWED TO BE THOSE WE’RE NOT ALLOWED TO BE THOSE PEOPLE. PEOPLE. WE’RE NOT ALLOWED TO EMBODY WE’RE NOT ALLOWED TO EMBODY FREEDOM, LIBERTY AND TO QUESTION FREEDOM, LIBERTY AND TO QUESTION THIS GOVERNMENT. THIS GOVERNMENT. WE ARE PEOPLE THAT HAVE WE ARE PEOPLE THAT HAVE PERSISTENTLY BEEN OPPRESSED AND PERSISTENTLY BEEN OPPRESSED AND DEPRESSED BY THE AMERICAN DEPRESSED BY THE AMERICAN DEMOCRATIC SYSTEM AND YET, WE’RE DEMOCRATIC SYSTEM AND YET, WE’RE NEVER ALLOWED TO QUESTION IT. NEVER ALLOWED TO QUESTION IT. AND ANY TIME WE DO, YOU HAVE THE AND ANY TIME WE DO, YOU HAVE THE TRUMPS OF F THE WORLD THAT TELL TRUMPS OF F THE WORLD THAT TELL US WE’RE NOT PATRIOTIC. US WE’RE NOT PATRIOTIC. THAT WE HAVE NO REASON KNEEL. THAT WE HAVE NO REASON KNEEL. TO SHOUT U, WHEN IF ANYONE HAS A TO SHOUT U, WHEN IF ANYONE HAS A REASON TO SHOUT, IT IS BLACK REASON TO SHOUT, IT IS BLACK PEOPLE. PEOPLE. RIGHT? RIGHT? BECAUSE WE GO FROM YOU KNOW, WE BECAUSE WE GO FROM YOU KNOW, WE GO FROM SLAVERY. GO FROM SLAVERY. WE MOVE INTO JIM CROW. WE MOVE INTO JIM CROW. WE HAVE THIS MOMENT OF WE HAVE THIS MOMENT OF RECONSTRUCTION WHICH I CAN LOOK RECONSTRUCTION WHICH I CAN LOOK AT AS THE OBAMA YEARS, WAS THAT AT AS THE OBAMA YEARS, WAS THAT LITTLE MOMENT OF LITTLE MOMENT OF RECONSTRUCTIONISM THEN YOU HAVE RECONSTRUCTIONISM THEN YOU HAVE THE OPPRESSION THAT FOLLOWS THE OPPRESSION THAT FOLLOWS SUIT. SUIT. YOU HAVE THE WHITE ANGER AND THE YOU HAVE THE WHITE ANGER AND THE WHITE RAGE THAT FOLLOWS SUIT U. WHITE RAGE THAT FOLLOWS SUIT U. HOW DARE THESE BLACK PEOPLE YOU HOW DARE THESE BLACK PEOPLE YOU KNOW SEE THEMSELVES AS FULLY KNOW SEE THEMSELVES AS FULLY FUNCTIONING PEOPLE THAT ARE FUNCTIONING PEOPLE THAT ARE ALLOWED TO CLAIM POWER. ALLOWED TO CLAIM POWER. TO ME, IT IS, IT IS SO, THIS IS TO ME, IT IS, IT IS SO, THIS IS THE HISTORY THAT WE SHOULD HAVE THE HISTORY THAT WE SHOULD HAVE BEEN TAUGHT FROM THE BEGINNING. BEEN TAUGHT FROM THE BEGINNING. THIS PROJECT IS WHAT WE SHOULD THIS PROJECT IS WHAT WE SHOULD HAVE BEEN FOUNDED ON AND WHEN HAVE BEEN FOUNDED ON AND WHEN SLAVERY WAS TAKEN AWAY. SLAVERY WAS TAKEN AWAY. WE SHOULD HAVE LOOKED TO THIS WE SHOULD HAVE LOOKED TO THIS HISTORY. HISTORY. IF WE HAD RECONCILED WITH IT. IF WE HAD RECONCILED WITH IT.>>THE LAST QUESTION HERE, THIS>>THE LAST QUESTION HERE, THIS IS A LIVING HISTORY. IS A LIVING HISTORY. IT EXISTS IN PRINT. IT EXISTS IN PRINT. YOU’RE DOING THE KIND OF STUFF YOU’RE DOING THE KIND OF STUFF TO GET THIS OUT TO TEACHERS, GET TO GET THIS OUT TO TEACHERS, GET THIS TO CLASSROOMS ACROSS THE THIS TO CLASSROOMS ACROSS THE COUNTRY. COUNTRY. THIS COULD HAVE EXISTED IN THIS COULD HAVE EXISTED IN ANOTHER FORM. ANOTHER FORM. WHY WAS THAT SO IMPORTANT TO WHY WAS THAT SO IMPORTANT TO YOU? YOU?>>THIS EFFORT IS REALLY TRYING>>THIS EFFORT IS REALLY TRYING TO REFRAIN THE WAY E WE THINK TO REFRAIN THE WAY E WE THINK ABOUT SLAVERY. ABOUT SLAVERY. IT CAN’T JUST BE A HISTORY THAT IT CAN’T JUST BE A HISTORY THAT LIVES THAT A HISTORIAN MIGHT LIVES THAT A HISTORIAN MIGHT READ. READ. IT HAS TO BE A LIVING HISTORY IT HAS TO BE A LIVING HISTORY THAT GETS OUT TO THE MASSES THAT GETS OUT TO THE MASSES WHICH IS WHY WE’VE PARTNERED WHICH IS WHY WE’VE PARTNERED WITH THE CENTER TO DESIGN AN WITH THE CENTER TO DESIGN AN ENTIRE CURRICULUM THAT’S FREE ENTIRE CURRICULUM THAT’S FREE FOR TEACHERS TO DOWNLOAD. FOR TEACHERS TO DOWNLOAD. WHICH IS WHY WE GOT SPONSORSHIP WHICH IS WHY WE GOT SPONSORSHIP TO PRINT MORE THAN 200,000 TO PRINT MORE THAN 200,000 COPIES WE’RE GIVING OUT FOR FREE COPIES WE’RE GIVING OUT FOR FREE TO ENSURE IT’S NOT JUST PAID TO ENSURE IT’S NOT JUST PAID SUBSCRIBERS. SUBSCRIBERS. IT MEAN AS LOTS LOT THAT THE IT MEAN AS LOTS LOT THAT THE INSTITUTION OF “THE NEW YORK INSTITUTION OF “THE NEW YORK TIMES,” 150 YEARS FROM NOW WHEN TIMES,” 150 YEARS FROM NOW WHEN HISTORIANS WANT TO SEE WHAT WAS HISTORIANS WANT TO SEE WHAT WAS HAPPENING AT THIS TIME, THIS IS HAPPENING AT THIS TIME, THIS IS WHERE THEY WILL GO AND TO DO WHERE THEY WILL GO AND TO DO THIS TYPE OF EFFORT IN THIS

MUST SEE!! COP MESSES WITH THE WRONG LAMBORGHINI OWNER!!!


Hello! Hey I’m Trooper Rummer with the state police
I got a little microphone… Nice to meet you! Gonna record our conversation ok Yes sir Reason I’m stopping you is cause you don’t
have any license plates on this car Ok… Any reason for that? I’m from Dubai, it’s my license plate right
there. Ok but you’re not in Dubai, you’re… I’m visiting as a tourist Well no you’re not visiting as a tourist if
you brought a car with you! Well… Do you have your drivers license with you? Yeah yeah of course How it works is we ship the cars we get a
permit and… You don’t have a permit! What you need is a Carnet… What’s that? A Carnet It’s a very rare thing I know you’re confused
but… NO I’M NOT CONFUSED! If you wanna drive this car.. you have to have
a license plate from somewhere in the United States or a trip permit, which you don’t have,
do you have your drivers license with you? Yes sir Yeah, the way it works is… We get a EPA exemption PARDON ME? A EPA exemption and then a Carnet De Passage DO YOU HAVE ANY OF THAT? Of course, yeah, yeah, I’m gonna provide everything… Do you have something that says you can drive
this car on the road? Yes sir Let’s take a look at that Of course So, it’s gonna be a lot of documents, I will
give you one by one… Cause I think what you’re talking about is
the ability to import this and what I’m talking about is registering it No no, well… Do you have your drivers license with you? Yeah, yeah, I’m just trying to answer your
questions Well, it’s a temporary thing, I’m visiting
as a tourist and.. I CAN’T HEAR YOU! It’s a temporary import… IT’S A WHAT? It’s a TEMPORARY import It’s not a permanent thing, we fly our cars
here, we do our trips and we fly them back that’s how it works I know it’s confusing but… NO IT’S NOT CONFUSING IT’S VERY SIMPLE ALRIGHT! No, no sir… If you have some sort of import, that that’s
to get it into the country, OK? I will… Let me see what you have that says you can
drive it in Oregon You will understand in a second… PARDON ME? You’re gonna understand in a second, I’m gonna
provide… I’m pretty sure I know what I’m talking about
right now So, this is my permit, it’s a international
federal agreement Ok And, I’m gonna provide you with drivers license
in a second DO YOU HAVE YOUR INSURANCE WITH YOU? Yes sir! So, this would be the international drivers
license which they come as a package there you go, the other part is inside it as well This would be the registration of the vehicle What is this? The registration of the vehicle OK What I need is, proof of insurance Sure This is So the… this is, this is CANADA? Ok, there you go! No, no sir, this is UAE I NEED YOUR INSURANCE Alright, why are you so defensive? I’m trying to… PARDON ME? Why are you so defensive? I’m trying to provide… NO, I’m just asking for these documents and
you won’t quit talking about other stuff No sir, I’ve provided you everything you’ve
asked for I WANT YOUR INSURANCE! OK? I’ve provided you… I DON’T NEED ANYTHING ELSE RIGHT NOW! Sure, sure, you just asked me for the documents
and… PARDON ME? You just asked for a document and I provided
you and I’m gonna provide you the insurance in a second sir Just give me a second… Why don’t you keep working on that and I’ll
be back with you in a minute Sure, sure WOW What’s wrong with this guy? He hasn’t even realized the steering wheel
yet… This is gonna be interesting… Did you find your insurance? Yes sir! There you go THIS IS NOT INSURANCE! Sir, in the bottom you can read it, it’s insurance,
the policy number is there as well… WHERE ARE YOU TAKING THIS CAR? I’m going to Canada Going where? I’m going to Canada, Vancouver Where did you import the car into? From Canada, I drove it in here I do a road trip every 2 years You do a WHAT trip? Sigh Imagine you want to drive your car in Europe,
what do you do? You ship your car there, you drive it for
a month and you ship it back… NO that’s not that’s not what I’d do ok look… You… What is your question officer, I can answer
your question… Look… Yes sir Here, here’s your stuff here… You gotta get a temporary permit, OK? I have another call I have to go to SIR… Be safe pulling out into the traffic It’s a federal law, you don’t know the law? What the… What just… I have another call that was priceless! Hahaha There he goes… He just gave up on life! You have to have a permit blaah blah here’s
your stuff! What did he even talk about! What was wrong with that guy!