David Brooks and Karen Tumulty on Trump’s July 4 event, 2020 Democrats


JUDY WOODRUFF: President Trump may have kept
his July Fourth speech last night focused largely on the U.S. military, but that doesn’t
mean it was free from political fallout. Just one story in a busy holiday week to discuss
with Brooks and Tumulty. That’s New York Times columnist David Brooks
and Washington Post columnist Karen Tumulty. Mark Shields is away. Hello to both of you. KAREN TUMULTY: Great to be here. JUDY WOODRUFF: So let’s talk about what the
president had to say last night. David, he was focusing not only, but mostly
on the military, and he wove that into his story of America. How does his story of America comport with
the real story of America? DAVID BROOKS: Yes, well, I was up on the Mall
earlier in the afternoon, and there was a rally of Gold Star moms and wives, people
who had lost a son or husband in Iraq. And there was a great military feel to that. And they took the service, which they were
so proud of, and what they had suffered, and they tied it to the fight on socialism. And it struck me that really is the Trump
story, that he goes to the military as a source of American values, and then contrasts that
to the hostile world outside. And that’s one story of America. I don’t think it’s the real story. I think it’s the story of Rome, frankly. Our stories, we have military power, but that’s
not really what the American story is about. For most Americans, it would be, we’re an
immigrant country who provided social mobility and really liberation for a lot of people
who came from oppressed lands. That’s actually not — obviously can’t be
the Trump story, because he doesn’t believe in that story. I would say we’re the story that believes
in democracy, and democracy is the belief in the universal dignity of all people. And it’s — so, we have a strong military,
but not for itself. We have a strong military to realize the promise
of democracy, the promise of human dignity. And Trump doesn’t really go there. He gives us basically what is a pagan Roman
story. JUDY WOODRUFF: Karen, how close do you think
he was — he is to the true story of this country? KAREN TUMULTY: Well, I’m nobody would mistake
this speech for Winston Churchill. But he did weave in a lot of threads of the
American story. He talked about the students who sat in at
lunch counters during the civil rights movement. He mentioned Harriet Tubman and Frederick
Douglass. He talked about the Wright brothers, the ingenuity. So, all of those — all of those threads were
there in the speech. Where it was incongruous was with the rest
of his presidency. I mean, it’s probably grading on a curve that
we are surprised to see him stand in front of a big crowd and not start them in a chant
of “Lock her up” and not start railing about witch-hunts. So it was sort of a one-off. I think the speech itself did what it should
have done. I think that — I love the flyovers. I mean, I will — I love the Blue Angels. And we see them in a lot of other contexts. They fly over the Super Bowl. So, that part really didn’t bother me. It was just the — again, it was just very
jarring to see that against the context of the rest of Donald Trump’s presidency. JUDY WOODRUFF: How, David, do you think this
affects him politically? You were saying it helps him with his base,
the people who already like him. Does it add — do people look at this and
say, I want to feel better about my country? DAVID BROOKS: Yes, well, his political strategy
— I remember back like 15 years ago, there were a lot of conservative books that were
coming out from Ann Coulter and people like that. And the publishers said, our job is not to
please conservative readers. Our job is to anger liberal reviewers. And once we anger the other side, then our
people will rally to us. And when I think back, that is sort of Donald
Trump’s political strategy. How can I anger liberals? If I can get them attacking me, then my people
will be for me. And so, frankly, a lot of this stuff with
the tanks, for example, I thought there was a lot of over-the-top, frankly, Trump phobia. Oh, he’s going to have fascism in the streets. But a lot of presidents have had tanks in
rallies, FDR, Eisenhower and people that like. It didn’t strike me. Tanks for cool. People like to see tanks. I like seeing tanks. And so what he tends to do is poke something
and then generate a response. And then his people rally to his side. And I do think that is the Trump genius, if
you want to put it that way, the marketing genius, that he knows how to pick fights that
will cause the other side to be offended, and his people to be loyal. KAREN TUMULTY: You know, and I’m going to
be really interested to see what he does next year, because, next July, we will be right
in the middle of a presidential season. We will know who the Democratic nominee is
at that point. It will be very interesting to see whether
he tries to do this again next year, and if he takes a different kind of tone when he
is in the middle of the campaign season. (CROSSTALK) JUDY WOODRUFF: Go ahead, yes. DAVID BROOKS: Yes. I was going to say, one of the things we’re
struggling with as a country is, what’s our national narrative? We had a narrative that left a lot of voices
out. And now we’re trying to see if we can have
a narrative. Maybe our narrative, as such a diverse country,
is, we have no narrative, we’re just a universal country with a lot of different narratives. But I sort of admire the way Trump has at
least started this conversation, probably not meaning to. It’s better than just, we watch fireworks
and we go home. It was a more substantive event, a more interesting
event this year than all past years, except when the Beach Boys play. (LAUGHTER) JUDY WOODRUFF: But, Karen, do I hear you saying
it’s not clear whether this is a political plus for him or not, if he’s still got to
figure out whether to try it again? KAREN TUMULTY: You know, we’re living in Trump
warp speed. I think that, by this time next week, this
will feel like it happened five years ago, and there will have been 10 other controversies. JUDY WOODRUFF: Probably true, or 25. (LAUGHTER) KAREN TUMULTY: Right. JUDY WOODRUFF: Immigration. We had more images, troubling images, this
week from the border, pictures of crowded holding cells for people who had come across. And you have — you had a Democratic congressional
delegation go down there and say that this is inhumane, many of the — much of the same
criticism that we have we have heard before. You had the president coming back, Karen,
and saying, well, what we have got to do is tighten up our asylum laws, because that’s
the only way we’re going to get this under control. Is there a way through on this immigration,
or do we just have this weekly combat, political combat, over it from now on? KAREN TUMULTY: Well, you also had the president
today saying that these centers are beautifully run and clean, and really that the administration
is doing a terrific job. A federal judge has given them until July
12 to come up with some kind of — some kind of plan for fixing the problems down there. It’s going to require a lot of resources,
not only in improving the conditions in these centers, but also in hiring hundreds and hundreds
more immigration judges to deal with a backlog of over 800,000 immigration cases. So there’s not a real short-term solution. But until the administration is willing to
recognize that there is an immediate problem, that there is a crisis down there, it’s really
hard to imagine that they are going to move to solve it, other than to just blame this
on the Democrats. JUDY WOODRUFF: And, David, react to that. And I just keep coming back to the Republicans
keep saying, we need to tighten up the asylum law and — so what’s the answer to that? I mean, is there — is there a legislative
remedy somehow to this? DAVID BROOKS: Maybe. Well, a couple things. One, we have had these great jobs numbers. We could be feeling good about ourselves. But a lot of us look at those centers and
think, I’m ashamed of my country. And it’s such a drag on our national morale
that our government is sponsoring something that makes us feel embarrassed and ashamed. So that’s the first thing. The second thing we have learned is, deterrence
doesn’t work. The idea of the Trump administration, we could
be so cruel, and make it so hard to get here, and cause people so much pain, that they will
stop coming. Well, they’re still coming. And so that’s the second — the second thing. The third thing is, presidents used to appoint
czars. You would get a problem. You would pick somebody who’s super competent
at administering programs, and you say, figure out what to do, and build more centers, get
more judges, do all the things that one needs to do to just manage the problem. But we take immigration and these issues as
sort of cultural abstract battles, and not as concrete things that we could actually
address. And so it becomes like a philosophical piece
of the culture war, rather than, oh, let’s build more centers and let’s hire more judges. JUDY WOODRUFF: So both sides end up just making
the same arguments, same arguments over and over again. I do want to come back to the Democratic presidential
candidates. And we mentioned immigration. Clearly, that’s an issue. But you did have — we’re now a week, Karen,
past Joe Biden faltering in the first Democratic debate in that encounter with Kamala Harris. He tried to sort of explain this week what
he meant when he answered her challenge on busing. How is he doing? Is he still on his back foot? What do we see? KAREN TUMULTY: Well, if you look at the polls
that came out this week, this is suddenly a very, very fluid race for the nomination. Both Joe Biden and Bernie Sanders have fallen
significantly in the polls. Joe Biden is still ahead, but much more narrowly. And the two women who I think were the standouts
of the two nights of the debates last week, Elizabeth Warren and Kamala Harris, have really
seen a surge in their numbers. I don’t think that you can overstate the amount
of pressure that is going to be on Joe Biden at the next round of debates at the end of
this month. He’s really got to come back and show that
he got the message in these — in the first debates, and that he is, in fact, who the
Democrats want to have on a stage a year from now against Donald Trump. JUDY WOODRUFF: Pressure on Joe Biden? DAVID BROOKS: Yes, for sure. And he’s still on his back feet. He can’t really hit back. And yet he can’t pivot either. And that’s what mystifies me. And we’re talking about busing, something
that happened in the mid-’70s. Are we going to talk about temperance movement
next? I mean, this is ancient history. Why can’t he just say, I was — I had the
position, which was a very dominant majority position back then, that we have to integrate,
but busing isn’t the right solution? That was like a 95 percent position in America
back then. But let’s talk about segregation now. We have more segregated schools right now
than we did in 1975. And so he could say, here’s my plan for that. And just reacting with a much more aggressive
posture and saying, this is my plan right now, what do you think of this, Kamala, that,
to me, is the right thing to do, because he can’t — he tried to rise above the fray. And he thought he could coast as the transcendental
candidate, embracing all the wings of the party. That clearly is not going to work for him
now. He’s got to pick a moderate side, and then
just keep coming back with his own version of Elizabeth Warren plans. I have got a plan for that. I have got a plan for that. I think that’s the way you hold the moderate
part of the party together, which is right now his only strategy. JUDY WOODRUFF: Is — it’s almost as if what
they do and say between now and the next debate, Karen, you’re suggesting it doesn’t really
matter, because, when he’s on that debate stage, there is going to be a much bigger
national audience hanging on everybody’s every word. KAREN TUMULTY: Yes. And he made the argument in an interview with
CNN today that: I’m the kind of guy who would just go punch out a bully like Donald Trump. But then, at the same time, he says: But I
didn’t see that — those questions coming from Kamala Harris. It was… JUDY WOODRUFF: Because she was a friend of
our family’s or something, yes. DAVID BROOKS: Yes. KAREN TUMULTY: But it was like, how could
they not have anticipated that? I mean, these were questions that came directly
out of the news of the week before the debates. And so I think — I think you’re right. He’s going to have to — he’s going to have
to realize and show that he’s realized that he’s not just sitting there waiting for the
nomination to come to him. DAVID BROOKS: And that itself was an obsolete
answer. I mean, we’re not in the relative politeness
of 1992 anymore. It’s 2019. And people play by much harder rules. And when Kamala Harris said to him, I don’t
you’re a racist, I mean, that’s really going somewhere. And so he has to be ready for that and understand
the way politics are right now. JUDY WOODRUFF: Yes, and talking about punching
people out. Where are we? Where are we with that? DAVID BROOKS: Yes. Yes, right. (LAUGHTER) JUDY WOODRUFF: David Brooks, Karen Tumulty,
thanks you.

Politicians react to Trump’s border threat and aid cut


-You see what’s happening
to women. You see what’s happening
to children. It’s a horrible situation, and Mexico could stop it
right at their southern border. They have a southern border,
and they have a border that could be
very well-structured. It’s very easy for them to stop
people from coming up, and they don’t choose
to do it. Well, we’re not gonna give them
hundreds of billions of dollars and tell them that
they’re not gonna use their strong immigration laws
to help the United States. So, there’s a very good
likelihood that I’ll be closing
the border next week, and that’ll be
just fine with me. -That is a crisis. Why are we talking about
closing the border? Because not for spite
and not to try and undo what’s happening
but to simply say, “Look. We need the people
from the ports of entry to go out and patrol
in the desert where we don’t
have any wall.” We hate to say we told you so,
but we told you so. -Isn’t this also self-defeating? Taking aid away from those
countries ultimately will make
the migration crisis worse. -Look — there’s a lot of good
ways to help solve this problem. Congress could do it,
but they’re not going to. Mexico could help us do it. They need to do
a little bit more. Honduras could do more.
Nicaragua could do more. El Salvador could do more. And if we’re gonna give
these countries hundreds of millions of dollars,
we would like them to do more. That, Jake, I would
respectfully submit to you, is not an unreasonable
position. -We have never seen
a surge like this. It’s coming from the Northern
Triangle countries. How can people deny
what they see, which is these caravans
day by day, the people coming from
the Northern Triangle countries and trying to come
through this country? And there are very
deplorable conditions that many of them are facing. -Yeah, but you’re gonna make
the conditions worse, Kellyanne,
if you cut off all foreign aid. -The conditions
are already awful. The conditions
are already awful. -When I went down to the border,
we have a crisis. We need more barriers
so we have operational control. We need more people,
and we need more technology. I’m very disappointed
that I walked into this job, what, three months ago
with the government shutdown, and the Democrats
don’t want to give any money for border security.
That’s wrong. -Well, we’re gonna do everything
we can to stop it. It’s totally absurd. Look — you have a terrible —
-How can you stop it? The State Department says
they’re already trying to enact the cuts. -Well, you can stop it by
overriding what he is doing and making sure
that we fund these programs. -When the President says
he’s going to close the border, that is a totally
unrealistic boast on his part. What we need to do is focus
on what’s happening in Central America, where three countries
are dissembling before our eyes, and people are desperately
coming to the United States. The President’s cutting off aid
to these countries will not solve
that problem.

President Donald Trump Threatens To Close Border Next Week: 'We're Not Playing Games' | NBC News



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Tamara Keith and Amy Walter on government shutdown polling



JUDY WOODRUFF: The first public opinion polling
is out since the government shutdown began 24 days ago. To break it down for us and to discuss several
other big developments, I'm joined by our Politics Monday duo. That's Amy Walter of The Cook Political Report
and Tamara Keith of NPR. Hello to you both. And happy Monday. So let's talk about this poll. We have, Tam, both The Washington Post and
Quinnipiac University did some polling, wrapping up just in the last few days. And as you can see, in the Post poll, 53 percent
of the public are saying the president and Republicans are to blame. Only 29 percent say the Democrats. In the Quinnipiac, it's 56 percent blaming
the president and Republicans, 36 percent the Democrats. What does that say to us, if anything, about
where the chips are falling after this shutdown is in its 24th day? TAMARA KEITH, National Public Radio: I think
it's not entirely surprising that this is where the numbers are. It somewhat aligns with the way people view
the president generally. And, also, it's — the president before the
shutdown started said that he would be proud to shut the government down to get his border
wall. He has done absolutely nothing to change that
narrative. The only thing that is possibly working in
his favor — and this is a small thing, it's a sliver — but under the hood on the Quinnipiac
poll, there were a couple areas where the public opinion has shifted slightly. Now, the minority of people — it's still
a significant minority, but more people now support building a wall along the Mexican
border than did a year-and-a-half ago. It's still only 44 percent, but that's up
a fair bit from a year-and-a-half ago. Similarly, whether they believe that undocumented
immigrants contribute to crime more than American citizens, which is not true, but it was 22
percent in April of 2018, and now it's up to 29 percent. So the president is shifting at least a little
bit, though it's a small amount, of people toward his viewpoint. JUDY WOODRUFF: Is that contradictory, Amy? AMY WALTER, The Cook Political Report: No,
I think what's happening is, Republicans are shifting the most on those issues. But, overall, if you think about what strategies
going into this debate would the president like to see happen, right, what would he like
to come out of this battle over the border wall? One, that the wall would become more popular. And while there has been some shifting — that's
true — and the Washington Post poll showed the same thing — it still, at best, gets
about 42 percent approval rating. So, the wall's not really much more popular
than it's ever been. You ask voters who is to blame, they blame
the president. You would think that they — if you were in
the White House, you want to see the blame shifted to Democrats. And even making the case about whether this
is a crisis, so Quinnipiac also asked that question about, do you see this as a crisis? And about 45 percent of voters thought it
was a crisis, but even among those who saw it as a crisis, only a third of those said
building a border wall is going to fix it. So, if your whole strategy behind shutting
the government down was to make the wall more popular, make the Democrats take the blame,
and get folks concerned that there's a real crisis on the border that needs to be solved,
he's done none of those things. TAMARA KEITH: Though Republicans are still
with us. That's basically what he's got. AMY WALTER: There's the — yes. TAMARA KEITH: But that's kind of always what
he's got. AMY WALTER: That's right. That's right. JUDY WOODRUFF: So, we have seen that. But let's talk about the other big story we're
grappling with today. And that is the disclosures that the president,
whether he was taking information papers away from the interpreters, questions inside our
— the government about whether the president might have been working for the Russians. On top of everything else, Tam, what are the
political repercussions of this? TAMARA KEITH: Yes. So the difference between these articles coming
out four months ago and these articles coming out today is now, in the House, there are
committees that can act on it, can use their subpoena power to try to get this information. They're exploring, the Democrats are exploring
how they might be able to gain access to these interpreters who were there at the meetings
with Putin. Unclear whether they will make it very far. But this is now — the ground has shifted
for the president. Now these stories come out, and he can go
out on TV and stand on the lawn and shout over the helicopter and say, I had nothing
to do with Russia. But then Democrats in Congress in the House
will follow up. AMY WALTER: Right. And they have already noted as such. Eliot Engel, the new chair of the Foreign
Affairs Committee, saying, we're definitely going to hold hearings looking at the Putin-Trump
relationship. Adam Schiff this weekend also tweeting, suggesting
that, yes, we're going to try to get testimony from this interpreter in Helsinki. So we have always had three elements here. One was the news reports and leaks that had
been part of the sort of milieu here for a long time about Russia and the president and
the investigation. Mueller's always been there, but we don't
know anything that's going on there. So the new thing now is Congress. And that changes some of the dynamics about
this story. It makes it harder to kind of push it away
by just blaming it on the fake news. JUDY WOODRUFF: What happened in November matters. It's changing the landscape. So, very quickly, you mentioned tweets, Amy. The president was in the White House this
weekend. There was a snowstorm in Washington. He did a lot of tweeting. I'm not going to — I wasn't going to use
the term tweetstorm. TAMARA KEITH: But you can. JUDY WOODRUFF: But I could — I will say that. AMY WALTER: Yes. JUDY WOODRUFF: But what I want to ask you
about is some of the language in the president's — I mean, singling out at one point Nancy
and crying Chuck can end the shutdown in five minutes. "If Elizabeth Warren, often referred to me
by — as Pocahontas, did this commercial" — and he's referring to a commercial she
did around her announcing that she's looking at running for president. AMY WALTER: Right. JUDY WOODRUFF: And then, finally, he talks
about lying James Comey. He's lumping together all the stories that
we're following, lying James Comey, and on and on. I guess we're accustomed to this — these
labels, these names, but… (CROSSTALK) AMY WALTER: What seems different now — and
this, I think, started in the 2018 campaign — is that Democrats are no longer taking
the bait on these. They don't feel any need to respond to the
president doing this. You saw every candidate in the 2018 campaign
focus on health care. They didn't react to the president. Elizabeth Warren in her opening video never
mentions the president one time. She's been on the road now going to Iowa and
New Hampshire, doesn't talk about the president, unless she's asked about the president. She didn't respond to this tweet. And what the president wants and what he's
done in the past with those tweets is to engage in that battle, and then the media's focus
is all about, right — it's this side. He says this. This side says that. And then we move off the bigger topics. (BREAK) TAMARA KEITH: And it becomes a feud. AMY WALTER: That's right. TAMARA KEITH: And if it's only one-sided,
it's less of a feud. AMY WALTER: That's right. JUDY WOODRUFF: And each one of these candidates
has to calculate how they're going to deal with — the other thing that's come up late
today. And that is the Senate majority leader, Tam,
Mitch McConnell, has issued a statement, first one to come from high levels of Republicans
in Congress condemning what Steve King, the Republican congressman from Iowa, who got
a lot of attention last week when he had made a statement about white supremacist and, in
essence, how could something like this be offensive? Some Republicans have made mild statements,
but now to have Mitch McConnell saying this is unwelcome, unworthy, and he said anybody
— if he doesn't understand why white supremacy is offensive, he should find another line
of work. TAMARA KEITH: And in the House, they're discussing
possible censure or other ways of rebuking the statements. It's remarkable in some ways, because Steve
King has been saying things like this for years and years and years and years. And then he would just sort of continue on. This seems a little different this time. JUDY WOODRUFF: But Republicans haven't been
— they have said it's wrong, Amy, but they haven't been full-throated in their willingness
to do… (CROSSTALK) JUDY WOODRUFF: The punish him. AMY WALTER: Right. I think he was seen as sort of this fringe
character for so long. Well, that's Steve King. He says these crazy things, but it doesn't
matter. Well, now it does, because we talk a lot now
about white nationalists and white supremacists. And we saw the reality of that in Charlottesville. JUDY WOODRUFF: Exactly. AMY WALTER: And this is no longer just a kooky
fringe thing. This is very, very serious and should be taken
very seriously. JUDY WOODRUFF: Amy Walter, Tamara Keith, thank
you both. TAMARA KEITH: You're welcome. AMY WALTER: You're welcome.

Politicians react to Trump's border threat and aid cut



-You see what's happening
to women. You see what's happening
to children. It's a horrible situation, and Mexico could stop it
right at their southern border. They have a southern border,
and they have a border that could be
very well-structured. It's very easy for them to stop
people from coming up, and they don't choose
to do it. Well, we're not gonna give them
hundreds of billions of dollars and tell them that
they're not gonna use their strong immigration laws
to help the United States. So, there's a very good
likelihood that I'll be closing
the border next week, and that'll be
just fine with me. -That is a crisis. Why are we talking about
closing the border? Because not for spite
and not to try and undo what's happening
but to simply say, "Look. We need the people
from the ports of entry to go out and patrol
in the desert where we don't
have any wall." We hate to say we told you so,
but we told you so. -Isn't this also self-defeating? Taking aid away from those
countries ultimately will make
the migration crisis worse. -Look — there's a lot of good
ways to help solve this problem. Congress could do it,
but they're not going to. Mexico could help us do it. They need to do
a little bit more. Honduras could do more.
Nicaragua could do more. El Salvador could do more. And if we're gonna give
these countries hundreds of millions of dollars,
we would like them to do more. That, Jake, I would
respectfully submit to you, is not an unreasonable
position. -We have never seen
a surge like this. It's coming from the Northern
Triangle countries. How can people deny
what they see, which is these caravans
day by day, the people coming from
the Northern Triangle countries and trying to come
through this country? And there are very
deplorable conditions that many of them are facing. -Yeah, but you're gonna make
the conditions worse, Kellyanne,
if you cut off all foreign aid. -The conditions
are already awful. The conditions
are already awful. -When I went down to the border,
we have a crisis. We need more barriers
so we have operational control. We need more people,
and we need more technology. I'm very disappointed
that I walked into this job, what, three months ago
with the government shutdown, and the Democrats
don't want to give any money for border security.
That's wrong. -Well, we're gonna do everything
we can to stop it. It's totally absurd. Look — you have a terrible —
-How can you stop it? The State Department says
they're already trying to enact the cuts. -Well, you can stop it by
overriding what he is doing and making sure
that we fund these programs. -When the President says
he's going to close the border, that is a totally
unrealistic boast on his part. What we need to do is focus
on what's happening in Central America, where three countries
are dissembling before our eyes, and people are desperately
coming to the United States. The President's cutting off aid
to these countries will not solve
that problem.