The Mission of the Bureau of Diplomatic Security


TOM BROKAW: I’M TOM BROKAW,
NBC NEWS, NEW YORK. THE AMERICAN EMBASSY IN LEBANON
AT LUNCHTIME IN BEIRUT TODAY. A HUGE BOMB DESTROYED
MOST OF THE BUILDING. 39 PEOPLE WERE KILLED,
INCLUDING AT LEAST 5 AMERICANS. NARRATOR: ON APRIL 18, 1983,
THE EARLY AFTERNOON CALM IS SHATTERED BY
A SUICIDE CAR BOMBING AT THE U.S. EMBASSY IN BEIRUT. THE DEADLIEST ATTACK ON
A U.S. DIPLOMATIC MISSION UP TO THAT TIME,
THE EVENT IS A CATALYST AND A TURNING POINT. U.S. DIPLOMATIC SECURITY WOULD
BE THRUST INTO A MODERN ERA OF NEW ENEMIES,
EVOLVING THREATS, AND AN ENTIRELY NEW SET
OF OBSTACLES TO DIPLOMACY. WORLD WAR I
AND THE THREAT OF SPYING PRESENT CONCERNS BEYOND
THE CAPABILITIES OF THE DIPLOMATIC STATUS QUO. RISING TO THAT CHALLENGE,
PRESIDENT WOODROW WILSON DETAILS SECRET SERVICE AGENTS
TO THE STATE DEPARTMENT. THEN ON APRIL 4, 1916, SECRETARY OF STATE
ROBERT LANSING, RECOGNIZING THAT WARTIME NEEDS
ARE ABOVE AND BEYOND THE SCOPE AND MISSION
OF THE SECRET SERVICE, CREATES THE FIRST
STATE DEPARTMENT SECURITY OFFICE, THE SECRET INTELLIGENCE BUREAU. MAN: WHEN, UH, UH,
SECRETARY OF STATE LANSING, UH, REALIZED THAT HE NEEDED
SOMEONE TO HELP SECURE, UH, OUR, UH, EQUITIES, UH,
IN THE FOREIGN SERVICE, IN THE STATE DEPARTMENT,
AND TO BE A PART OF, UH, WHAT WAS OUR RESPONSIBILITY
IN ENSURING THAT FOREIGN DIPLOMATS
WERE APPROPRIATELY PROTECTED, HE ENLISTED THE ASSISTANCE
OF BILL NYE. MR. NYE WAS OUR FIRST
CHIEF SPECIAL AGENT. UH, 1916. HIS PRIMARY DUTY
WAS TO ENSURE THAT GERMAN DIPLOMATS WERE WATCHED. NARRATOR: WITH THE END
OF THE GLOBAL CONFLICT IN NOVEMBER OF 1918, THE UNITED STATES FINDS ITSELF, FOR THE FIRST TIME
IN ITS HISTORY, A MAJOR PLAYER
ON THE WORLD STAGE. FOR ITS PART,
THE STATE DEPARTMENT RECOGNIZES THE RESPONSIBILITIES
OF ITS NEW ROLE AS AN INTERNATIONAL LEADER, AND COMMITS TO DO MORE
TO PROTECT ITS COMMUNICATIONS, ITS DIPLOMATS,
AND ITS OBLIGATION TO THE PURSUIT OF
POST-WAR DIPLOMACY. WITHIN 20 YEARS,
THE WORLD IS ONCE AGAIN ENGULFED BY THE FLAMES
OF CONFLICT. DURING WORLD WAR II,
STATE DEPARTMENT SECURITY SERVES THE ALLIED EFFORT AT THE BEGINNING OF
WHAT IS HOPED TO BE A COLLABORATIVE,
POST-WAR WORLD. AN EXPANDED OFFICE OF SECURITY
IS ESTABLISHED, AS IS A FORMAL PARTNERSHIP
WITH THE MARINE CORPS FOR EMBASSY SECURITY GUARDS, AND DIPLOMATIC
SECURITY OFFICERS ARE NOW POSTED ON
EMBASSY STAFFS. MILLER: WE BECAME MORE FOCUSED
ON THE DOMESTIC SIDE. OUR BACKGROUND INVESTIGATIONS. UH, YOU KNOW, THERE WERE
A NUMBER OF INCIDENTS WHERE WE WERE CALLED TO THE HILL,
IN FACT, BECAUSE OF OUR, UH, VETTING OF
SOME VERY IMPORTANT DEPARTMENT OF STATE,
UH, PERSONALITIES. WE WERE IN CONFLICT
WITH THE WHITE HOUSE AT SOME POINTS DURING
THAT TIME PERIOD AS WELL. AND SO, WE WERE DEVELOPING
OUR INVESTIGATIVE TALENTS. NARRATOR: FROM THE OUTSET
OF DIPLOMATIC RELATIONS IN 1933, SOVIET SURVEILLANCE OF
THE U.S. MOSCOW EMBASSY IS CONSTANT. BUT A SEPTEMBER 1952
SECURITY SWEEP REVEALS A BREACH
AT THE HIGHEST LEVEL. MILLER: THE SOVIET UNION HAD GIVEN THE AMBASSADOR TO, UH,
FROM THE U.S. A GIFT OF A GREAT SEAL. IT WAS A REALLY NICE
WOOD CARVING THAT HE PUT IN HIS OFFICE
IN HIS RESIDENCE. OVER TIME, THOUGH,
THERE WERE MEMBERS OF THE, UH, UH, EMBASSY WHO BEGAN
TO REALIZE THAT, WOW, THE SOVIET UNION, UH, MINISTERS THAT WE’RE
MEETING WITH, THEY KNOW MORE THAN WE DO ABOUT THE CONVERSATION
WE’RE GONNA HAVE BEFORE WE EVEN GET THERE. ULTIMATELY, THEY WERE
ABLE TO FIND THAT IT WAS THE GREAT SEAL
THAT WAS TRANSMITTING THE CONVERSATIONS BACK. IT TOOK A BIT BECAUSE
WE NOT ONLY HAD TO FIND THE THREAT,
WE ALSO HAD TO LET THE KGB NOT KNOW THAT
WE WERE LOOKING FOR IT. WE DIDN’T WANT TO
GIVE AWAY THE FACT THAT WE WERE AWARE
SOMETHING HAD CHANGED. THAT’S KIND OF THE GAME
THAT WE PLAY IN OUR, UH, COUNTERMEASURES, UH, PROGRAMS. NARRATOR: IN THE 1970S,
TERRORISM IS ON THE RISE, AND INCREASINGLY
DIRECTED AT EMBASSIES. ON NOVEMBER 4, 1979,
IRANIAN STUDENT MILITANTS STORM THE U.S. EMBASSY AND TAKE MORE THAN
60 AMERICANS HOSTAGE, WITH 52 HELD A TOTAL
OF 444 DAYS. THIS INCLUDES THE REGIONAL
SECURITY OFFICER, THE ASSISTANT REGIONAL
SECURITY OFFICER, AND 9 MARINE SECURITY GUARDS. ON NOVEMBER 21, 1979, PAKISTANI STUDENTS STORM
THE U.S. EMBASSY IN ISLAMABAD AND KILL A MARINE
SECURITY GUARD– CORPORAL STEVEN J. CROWLEY. HISTORICALLY, EMBASSIES HAVE
BEEN VIEWED AS SAFE HAVENS, BENEFITING FROM THE COOPERATION AND THE PROTECTION
OF THE HOST COUNTRY. NOW IN LESS THAN 3 WEEKS, TWO COUNTRIES,
IRAN AND PAKISTAN, PROVE TO BE
AT BEST UNCOOPERATIVE WITH REGARD TO PROTECTION. THEN, ON APRIL 18, 1983… BROKAW: IT WAS A TERRIBLE
DAY IN A CITY WHICH HAS EXPERIENCED
SO MUCH TRAGEDY. THE AMERICAN EMBASSY IN BEIRUT SHATTERED BY A HUGE BOMB. MILLER: AFTER THE BOMBINGS IN,
UH, BEIRUT AGAINST THE MARINES AND THEN ALSO
THE EMBASSY BOMBINGS, THE SECRETARY OF STATE
IMPANELED A GROUP OF EXPERTS. MAN: THE SECOND BOMBING
OF OUR EMBASSY IN BEIRUT HAD REPERCUSSIONS
THAT TRANSCENDED THE MERE INTERESTS OF
THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE AND THE PERSONNEL
OF THE DEPARTMENT. THE CONGRESS AND PEOPLE OF
THE UNITED STATES WERE OUTRAGED. THE INMAN COMMISSION, WITH
BOBBY RAY INMAN AS CHAIRMAN, WAS THUS BORN IN,
UH, LATE 1984. NARRATOR: THE INMAN PANEL
CALLS FOR A BROAD RANGE OF
SECURITY IMPROVEMENTS, INCLUDING INCREASED SETBACKS
BETWEEN EMBASSIES AND PUBLIC STREETS, A MAJOR BUILDING PROGRAM
TO IMPROVE SECURITY IN EXISTING EMBASSIES, AND THE BUILDING
OF NEW EMBASSIES TO REPLACE THOSE THAT CANNOT
MEET THE NEW STANDARDS. A DIRECT RESULT
IS THE CREATION OF THE BUREAU OF
DIPLOMATIC SECURITY, AND THE DIPLOMATIC
SECURITY SERVICE WITHIN THE U.S.
STATE DEPARTMENT. THE SUBTLE ART FORM
OF DIPLOMATIC SECURITY WILL NEVER BE THE SAME. MILLER: THERE WERE A NUMBER OF
US WHO WERE HIRED AT THE TIME THAT WERE CALLED
THE INMAN BABIES. DIPLOMATIC SECURITY
WAS ESTABLISHED. THE OVERSEAS SECURITY ADVISORY
COUNCIL WAS ESTABLISHED, AND I THINK IT WAS
REALLY THE BIRTH OF OUR ORGANIZATION
AS WE KNOW IT TODAY. NARRATOR: DESPITE
IMPROVING AWARENESS AND SECURITY
AT OVERSEAS EMBASSIES, TERRORISM STRIKES
IN EAST AFRICA. ON AUGUST 7, 1998, TWO TRUCKS
LADEN WITH EXPLOSIVES ENTERED THE U.S.
EMBASSY COMPOUNDS IN NAIROBI, KENYA,
AND DAR ES SALAAM, TANZANIA. AT 10:35 A.M. AND 10:39 A.M.
RESPECTIVELY, AL-QA’IDA STRIKES
ITS FIRST BLOWS, KILLING 224 PEOPLE,
INCLUDING 12 AMERICANS. WOMAN: WHEN THE EAST AFRICA
BOMBINGS HAPPENED, AND LET’S CALL THIS AL-QA’IDA’S
COMING-OUT PARTY, UM, YOU KNOW,
POSTS IN EAST AFRICA WERE CONSIDERED LOW THREAT. AS MANY POSTS AROUND THE WORLD
WERE IN 1998. MILLER: WE HAD TO COME
TO TERMS WITH YET AGAIN WHERE IS THE WORLD GOING TO, AND HOW DO WE KEEP UP WITH IT? MORE IMPORTANTLY, HOW DO WE
ADVANCE PAST THAT KEEPING UP AND GROW CAPACITY
FOR THE FUTURE? NARRATOR: THE CLINTON
ADMINISTRATION COMMISSIONS THE ACCOUNTABILITY
REVIEW BOARDS, CHAIRED BY ADMIRAL
WILLIAM J. CROWE, TO INVESTIGATE THE BOMBINGS AND MAKE RECOMMENDATIONS
ON EMBASSY SECURITY. BASHNAN: IT MADE EVERYBODY
TAKE A LOOK AT HOW DO WE DETERMINE
WHAT THREATS ARE AND WHERE THEY COME FROM? WE HAD TO IMMEDIATELY
LOOK AT OUR FACILITIES. WE HAD TO SAY, WE COULD
BE THE NEXT TARGET. IF I WAS A BAD GUY,
WHERE WOULD I GO, RIGHT? WHAT WOULD I ATTACK? NARRATOR: THE SEPTEMBER 11,
2001, ATTACKS BEGIN AN ERA OF
EXPEDITIONARY DIPLOMACY, REQUIRING ENHANCED
DIPLOMATIC SECURITY IN INCREASINGLY
HOSTILE ENVIRONMENTS AROUND THE WORLD. BUT DIPLOMACY CANNOT BE
CONDUCTED FROM A BUNKER. FOR ITS PART, THE BUREAU
OF DIPLOMATIC SECURITY DOES ALL IT CAN TO FURTHER
SECURE THE DIPLOMATIC MISSIONS IN WAYS THAT DO NOT
INHIBIT DIPLOMACY, EVEN IF IT MEANS
THE DIPLOMATS THEMSELVES AND THEIR SUPPORT STAFFS
MUST STILL FACE ALWAYS-EVOLVING RISKS DURING
THE CONDUCT OF THEIR DUTIES. MILLER: WE ARE ALWAYS
DOING MORE WITH LESS, BECAUSE AS WE ACCEPT THOSE
ADDITIONAL RESPONSIBILITIES, WE’RE ALWAYS TASKED
WITH MORE RESPONSIBILITIES. AND THE WORLD IS
EVER MORE UNSAFE THAN IT WAS THE DAY BEFORE. AS WE LOOK AT THE–
THE TERRORIST, UH, PROGRAMS AROUND THE WORLD
THAT WE’RE HAVING TO COMBAT, THE LAST DECADE AND A HALF
SINCE 9/11, IT’S BEEN A CONSTANT SPRINT
IN A MARATHON RACE, AND WE’VE CONTINUED
TO GROW OUR PERSONNEL TO THE POINT THAT
WE’RE AT TODAY, AND I CAN SPEAK SPECIFICALLY
TO THE SPECIAL AGENTS
AS AN EXAMPLE. MAN: WITH DS, WE’RE IN EMBASSIES
IN 275-SOME-ODD POSTS WORLDWIDE. EVERY COUNTRY HAS
A DIFFERENT ATMOSPHERE. EVERY COUNTRY HAS
A DIFFERENT CHALLENGE. BUT ALL COUNTRIES,
WE ARE TRYING TO ESTABLISH
DIPLOMATIC RELATIONS AND–AND WE WANT PEOPLE TO BE
FREE TO GO AND ENGAGE AND INTERACT, AND HOW
DO WE PERMIT THEM TO DO WHAT NEEDS TO GET DONE WHILE PROTECTING THEM AGAINST
WHAT WE ARE AFRAID OF? I-I THINK THAT’S
THE CHALLENGE THAT WE FACE. BASHNAN: WHAT I’VE ALWAYS
TRIED TO EMULATE AND TRY TO TEACH AGENTS– OUR JOB IS NOT TO SAY NO. OUR JOB IS TO SAY
HOW TO MAKE IT HAPPEN. MAN: IT’S REALLY MORE OF
AN ART FORM THAN A SCIENCE. UM, WE HAVE TO–WE HAVE
TO LOOK AT THE SITUATION, WE HAVE TO ADAPT
TO THE SITUATION. ANTOINE: AND PROTECTING
THINGS LIKE CONVERSATION AND NEGOTIATION. IT’S AWFULLY TOUGH
TO BE HEAVY-HANDED AND APPEAR TO BE HEAVY-HANDED, AND THINK THAT THAT’S GONNA
END UP SUCCESSFUL. SO, WE HAVE TO HAVE IT IN
SAFELY AND SECURELY, BUT HAVE IT LOOK AS IF
IT MAY BE SOMETHING ELSE. IT HAS TO LOOK NORMAL. [INDISTINCT SHOUTING] NARRATOR: ON DECEMBER 18, 2010, A WAVE OF
DEMONSTRATIONS, PROTESTS, RIOTS, AND CIVIL WARS
SWEEPS ACROSS THE MIDDLE EAST. IT WILL BECOME KNOWN
AS THE ARAB SPRING. MILLER: THE ARAB SPRING
WAS, UH–IN CAIRO, EGYPT, I WAS THE REGIONAL
SECURITY OFFICER. FOR THE ARAB SPRING
TO HIT WHEN IT DID, JANUARY 25, FOR US, OF 2011, IT COULD NOT HAVE HAPPENED FOR
OUR EMBASSY AT A BETTER TIME, BECAUSE WE WERE PREPARED. WE HAD BEEN ABLE TO USE
THE 2 1/2 YEARS BEFORE TO EXERCISE OUR PROGRAMS,
TO ENSURE THAT WE HAD OUR LOCAL GUARDS
UP TO THE ABSOLUTE BEST STANDARD WE COULD
POSSIBLY BRING THEM. WOMAN: WHAT I HAD TO DO WAS ESTABLISH NEW
TRANSPORTATION ROUTES TO ALL OF THE ARAB
SPRING-AFFECTED CITIES, EMBASSIES AND CONSULATES,
OUT OF FRANKFURT. SO, IT INVOLVED
FINDING NEW AIRLINES. IT INVOLVED FINDING NEW
PARTNERS TO WORK WITH, WHICH IS GREAT WHEN YOU
HAVE THE TIME TO DO SO, WHEN YOU HAVE TO TIME
TO MAKE CONTACTS AND WORK THROUGH IT ALL, FIGURE
OUT HOW YOU’RE GONNA DO IT. DURING THE ARAB SPRING,
WE NEEDED TO GET THEM THE TOOLS THEY NEEDED
ON THE GROUND IMMEDIATELY. AND SO, WE HAD TO DO THIS
ALL RIGHT AWAY, WHICH IS WHAT MADE IT
SO CHALLENGING. WOMAN: COUPLE DAYS
AFTER THE BEGINNING OF THE–THE REVOLUTION,
ARAB SPRING, IN EGYPT, UM, I WAS SENT OUT
TO THE AIRPORT. I WAS THE ONLY ONE IN
THE REGIONAL SECURITY OFFICE THAT HAD AN AIRPORT PASS, AND HAD THE AIRPORT CONTACTS TO FIND OUT WHICH
AIRLINES WERE FLYING. WE HAD ARRANGED THROUGH
OUR MILITARY CONTACTS TO GET AN AIR HANGAR
THAT WE COULD ACTUALLY START HAVING CHARTER FLIGHTS
COME IN. SO, FOR THE NEXT WEEK,
I WAS OUT AT THE AIRPORT ASSISTING THE CHIEF OF MISSION
STAFF AND THEIR FAMILIES GETTING OUT AS WELL AS
PRIVATE AMERICANS GETTING ON CHARTER FLIGHTS TO–
TO GET OUT OF EGYPT, TO GET OUT OF
THE SITUATION THERE. MILLER: OUR MARINES WERE
VERY WELL DRILLED. THE–MY ENTIRE OFFICE– WAS AWARE OF
THEIR RESPONSIBILITIES. MY, UH, TEAM WAS REMARKABLE IN THE DEPTH OF KNOWLEDGE THAT
THEY HAD OF THEIR PROGRAMS. IT ALLOWED US THEN TO HELP
DEFEND THE MISSION AND THEN TO ORCHESTRATE
THE EVACUATION OF NOT ONLY OUR FAMILY MEMBERS BUT CLOSE TO 7,000 OTHER
U.S. AMERICAN CITIZENS, AND SO, THAT WAS A CULMINATING
EVENT PERSONALLY AS A–A REGIONAL
SECURITY OFFICER, BUT IT ALSO SHOWED TO ME
THE FRAGILITY OF MANY OF OUR MISSIONS
OVERSEAS, BECAUSE IT WAS ACTUALLY A SURPRISE
TO MANY OF US, TO MOST OF US, TO ALL OF US, THAT THE ARAB SPRING
ERUPTED AS IT DID. ANTOINE: AND I THINK THAT’S–
THAT’S THE BALANCE WE STRUGGLE
TO FIND, IN ANY SECURITY AGENCY, IS, IS,
HOW DO YOU STAY AGAINST SOMETHING THAT
YOU’VE NEVER SEEN BEFORE? HOW DO YOU PREPARE FOR SOMETHING
THAT YOU’VE NEVER SEEN BEFORE? NARRATOR: FOLLOWING
LESSONS LEARNED FROM THE SEPTEMBER 2012 ATTACK ON THE AMERICAN DIPLOMATIC
COMPOUND IN BENGHAZI, LIBYA, THE BUREAU OF
DIPLOMATIC SECURITY CREATES THE NEW HIGH-THREAT
PROGRAMS DIRECTORATE TO OVERSEE SECURITY
AT THE MOST CRITICAL HIGH-THREAT POSTS
THROUGHOUT THE WORLD. MAN: WHAT THAT MEANT WAS
THOSE POSTS WHICH WERE NOW PART OF A NEW DIRECTORATE, THE HIGH-THREAT PROGRAMS, WOULD GET EXTRA FOCUS, MUCH MORE, UM,
EXPEDITIOUS RESOURCES, WHETHER IT’S
PERSONNEL, FUNDING, WHATEVER THE CASE MAY BE,
WE HAD TO DO THINGS IN A MORE, UM,
EXPEDIENT MANNER. MORRIS: WHAT I LIKE PEOPLE
TO UNDERSTAND ABOUT DS IS JUST HOW MUCH WE DO. BASHNAN: WE’RE CONCERNED
ABOUT IDENTITY THEFT. WE’RE CONCERNED ABOUT, UM,
TAX FRAUD, MISUSE OF
SOCIAL SECURITY BENEFITS, ALL TYPES OF THINGS THAT REALLY
GET INTO COMPLEX CASES. BEELS: ANY FEDERAL CRIME THAT’S
TIED TO VISA AND PASSPORT FRAUD, WE DO INVESTIGATE. WE’VE SEEN HUMAN TRAFFICKING
AND SMUGGLING, WHICH IS A HUGE PROBLEM,
ESPECIALLY OF CHILDREN
AND WOMEN. SO, THE TRAVEL DOCUMENTS ARE–
ARE VERY IMPORTANT FOR THAT, WHETHER IT BE JUST TO
SMUGGLE THOSE PEOPLE IN SO THEY CAN HAVE
A BETTER LIFE OR, YOU KNOW, THEY ACTUALLY
ARE A CRIMINAL ELEMENT THAT’S COMING IN TO DO
THE U.S. HARM. BASHNAN: ONE OF OUR
BIGGEST CHALLENGES IS TO PROTECT THE INTEGRITY OF A U.S. PASSPORT,
A U.S. VISA, U.S. TRAVEL DOCUMENT. BEELS: THE U.S. PASSPORT
IS THE MOST COVETED TRAVEL DOCUMENT IN THE WORLD. SAME THING, TOO,
WITH THE U.S. VISA. THEY’RE VERY
IMPORTANT DOCUMENTS AND THEIR INTEGRITY,
AND PROTECTING THEIR INTEGRITY, IS–IS VERY IMPORTANT,
AND A BIG MISSION FOR DS. ANTOINE: WE’VE COME SO FAR IN
THE LAST 13, 14 YEARS I’VE BEEN HERE, AND–AND THE 100 YEARS IT HAS
TAKEN TO GET TO THIS POINT. WE CAN JUST IMAGINE WITH
THE CYBER SECURITY THREAT, WITH MORE EMBASSIES AND
CONSULATES GOING UP WORLDWIDE, INCREASING DIPLOMATIC
RELATIONS, WE’RE NOW IN PLACES
THAT TRADITIONALLY, WE WOULDN’T HAVE BEEN OR ARE MORE DANGEROUS
THAN WERE PREVIOUSLY. NARRATOR: DIPLOMACY HAS BECOME,
AND WILL REMAIN FOR THE FORESEEABLE FUTURE,
A DANGEROUS CAREER. BUT THE FOCUS MUST ALWAYS BE ON PROTECTING THE DIPLOMATIC
PROCESS FIRST AND FOREMOST, ATTENDANT UPON WHICH
THE DIPLOMATS, THE STAFFERS, AND THE BUREAU OF DIPLOMATIC
SECURITY ALL AGREE. MILLER: SO, AS I LOOK AT
OUR ABILITY TO INFLUENCE FOREIGN POLICY AS AN ENABLER, WE HAVE A–A TREMENDOUS
ORGANIZATION THAT BOTH DEVELOPS INFORMATION
FROM ACROSS THE SPECTRUM, FEEDS THAT TO THE POLICY MAKERS TO TELL THEM WHAT THE THREATS
AGAINST US ARE. WE DO TAKE OUR DIPLOMATS
INTO MOGADISHU. WE DO PROVIDE OPPORTUNITIES
FOR OUR DIPLOMATS TO SEE EVERYONE ACROSS THE SPECTRUM
OF–OF SOCIETY IN DIFFICULT PLACES LIKE
PAKISTAN, AFGHANISTAN, AND IRAQ. BAKER: THERE’S ALWAYS
A GIVE AND TAKE BETWEEN DS AGENTS AND FOREIGN
SERVICE OFFICERS, WHO ARE THE GENERAL DIPLOMATS
OF THE STATE DEPARTMENT. THE SIMPLE FACT
OF THE MATTER IS WE’RE OUT THERE TO HELP
THEM DO THEIR JOB. I DO THINK THAT THAT
GIVE AND TAKE IS HEALTHY, AND I SAY THAT BECAUSE IT MEANS THAT WE’RE PAYING ATTENTION
TO THEIR JOB AND THEY’RE PAYING ATTENTION
TO OUR JOB, TOO. ANTOINE: WE ARE DIPLOMATS,
AND WHEN WE GO ABROAD, WE DON’T HAVE
THE LUXURY TO DEMAND WHAT WE THINK WE NEED
TO CREATE THE ENVIRONMENT WE KNOW WE WANT. SO, WE HAVE TO ASK,
BEG, PLEAD, NEGOTIATE, AND–AND USE ALL OF
THE DIPLOMATIC TECHNIQUES THAT WE DEVELOP AND ARE TAUGHT DURING THE COURSE OF A CAREER TO ACCOMPLISH THOSE TASKS. BASHNAN: THIS GOES BACK
TO THAT DELICATE BALANCE, THAT SUBTLETY THAT WE HAVE
TO ENSURE THAT WE PROVIDE AS SAFE AND SECURE
AN ENVIRONMENT AS
WE CAN TO OPERATE, BUT WE ALSO HAVE TO BE OUTSIDE
THOSE WALLS OF THE EMBASSY, TO EXPERIENCE THE CULTURE,
TO SHARE OUR CULTURE. MORRIS: WE OFTEN THINK OF
OUR DS AGENTS. THERE’S ALSO SO MUCH MORE, WHETHER IT’S THE SECURITY
TECHNICAL SPECIALISTS AND SECURITY
ENGINEERING OFFICERS THAT TAKE CARE OF THE TECHNICAL
SECURITY ASPECT, OR THE DIPLOMATIC
COURIER SERVICE. WHAT IS REQUIRED TO KEEP
AN EMBASSY SAFE, DESPITE CONDITIONS
ON THE GROUND, WHATEVER THEY MAY BE,
IS SO VARIED. SO, WHAT WE DO IS SO MUCH MORE
THAN YOU ORIGINALLY EXPECT. ANTOINE: ONE–ONE OF THE THINGS
I USE TO DESCRIBE HOW WE GO ABOUT OUR–
OUR BUSINESS AND JUST ABOUT EVERY DAY,
IS A DELICATE DANCE, AND THERE’S A SAYING IN DS,
WE CALL IT SEMBER GUMBY. SEMPER GUMBY.
SO, IT’S KEEP IT FLEXIBLE IT’S–AS–AS THE MARINE CORPS
SAYS “SEMPER FI,” WE HAVE TO BE A LITTLE BIT
MORE MALLEABLE THAN THAT, SO. THAT BASICALLY IS–IS
HOW WE GO ABOUT ALMOST EVERY DAY THAT WE–
WE SPEND IN DS. MILLER: IF YOU’RE PREPARED,
YOU’RE ABLE TO–TO JUMP UP AND SAY, “COACH, I’M READY. SEND ME IN.
PUT ME IN THE GAME.” THAT’S THE MESSAGE THAT
I’VE TRIED TO LEAVE WITH THOSE IN DS WHO WILL
FOLLOW ME AS WELL, IS IT’S NOT ABOUT, UH,
LOOKING GOOD TODAY, IT’S ABOUT PREPARING
FOR THE MISSION TOMORROW. [“AMERICA THE BEAUTIFUL”
PLAYING]

Multilateralism | Model Diplomacy


Multilateralism is basically cooperation
amongst three or more countries. It basically entails countries getting together
and trying to find cooperative solutions to common problems.
So a few examples would be climate change, which by definition doesn’t respect national boundaries. But we also have issues of global epidemics,
which can spread from one country to another with the ease of
somebody getting on an airplane. In addition we have the looming threat of
cyber insecurity. How do we keep an open global internet and at the same time protect ourselves
from attacks from other countries. Traditionally when people have talked about
multilateral cooperation they talk about universal membership organizations such as the United Nations, the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank. But in addition to these standing, treaty-based bodies, the United States and other countries are increasingly
relying on a broader variety of multilateral institutions. And a good example of this
is the Group of 20 or the G20, composed of approximately
the world’s 20 biggest economies. And what the G20 symbolizes more than anything else is that we live in a new world where things can’t be simply arranged
in a cozy boardroom of Western countries. We really need to expand the table and
bring in some of the new actors that are transforming the world and
where much of the world’s economic dynamism is actually occurring. One of the major challenges of the 21st century is trying to update current multilateral
institutions to the rise of emerging nations– in particular the so-called BRIC nations:
Brazil, Russia, India, and China. They’re countries that are attempting to assert themselves in the world and they want a place at the high table of global politics.
From the perspective of the established powers, they’re not always on the same page
in terms of their priorities or necessarily their values. That makes cooperation a lot more difficult
because multilateral cooperation inherently requires a certain amount of compromise and
a certain amount of sacrifice of freedom of action externally,
and also sometimes some sacrifice to domestic policy autonomy because you’re signing up for things like
how to treat your industries that actually have some bite domestically.

Education reform: States vs federal government — interview with Chad Aldeman | VIEWPOINT


Chad: Government can force state
and local governments to do things, but they can’t force them to do those things well. Andy: Chad Aldeman, thank you so much for
being here with us. Chad: Thank for having me. Andy: Principal at Bellwether Education Partners,
we are former colleagues, I hope we’re longtime friends, you can decide after this interview
if that’s actually true. So, you are the perfect person if you don’t
mind my saying so, to continue this conversation I’ve been having about this ongoing discussion
of what is the right balance of power between the federal government and state governments
when it comes to K12 Education? So, for our viewers, you worked at the US
Department of Education under the Obama administration but you also just recently finished authoring,
editing a big study of state plans under this new federal law, ESSA. So, you can speak both from, like, the perspective
of Washington DC but also what states are doing. And we’re gonna get there in a minute. But to, sort of, begin the level setting here
is we’re actually at AEI today on the same day that there was an event on the Bush-Obama
era of education. So, for folks who don’t follow this very closely,
the idea is that although President Bush and President Obama are very different, there’s
an argument that they both wanted a more muscular role for Uncle Sam in our schools and they
did so for 16 years. So, let’s actually just start there. As you look back on the Bush-Obama era, what
do you think of the federal government’s role? How do we describe it? Chad: There was definitely a concentration
of power, and there is a much more federal government role in education policy writ large
than there had been prior. I think, one of my biggest takeaways from
this morning was the power and effectiveness of some of the competitive grants that we
saw, like the Teacher Incentive Fund was designed under the Bush administration to give essentially
performance pay to teachers and bonuses the way it was originally designed. The Obama administration was, sort of, political
but the Obama administration still took that up and pushed it forward and got some good
results out of it. Similarly, the Charter School Program. I think if those are some of the bigger successes
of this era of Competitive Grants, people who, and organizations that actually wanted
to do something, did good things with it. I think some of the federal requirements that
we might talk about had less positive effects. Andy: Well, it’s actually, like, just a drill
in for a second on this nature of competitive grants, because in the broadest terms the
US Department of Education have what we call Formula Grants, wouldn’t just hand out money
to states and districts based on the number of students you have essentially. Competitive Grants are a little bit different,
and during the Bush-Obama era, there was a view… Okay. The Federal government will put some money
on the table and say we think that this ought to get done, we’re not going to force you
to do it, but if you want some money you can try it out. So, TIF, the Teacher Incentive Fund was one
Charter School Grant program but also Race to the Tops. Some people would argue, some people would
say it pushed too hard or it was a push instead of just a nudge but also it was money on the
table. So, what do you think of Race to the Top,
now in hindsight? Chad: In hindsight, so I wrote this piece
looking back at the teacher eval[SP], focused on the teacher evaluation context. And in that sense, like teacher evaluation
was one big part of Race to the Top. They got a lot of the outsize attention on
it. I, sort of, feel like Race to the Top was
a little too muddy like it tried to do too many things, there were 19 different priorities
ranging from everything from standards to teacher evaluation to school turnarounds to
data. And I think, like, I think it was a good opportunity. I think the money was a good idea at the time. It was during the recession. It was a chance to leverage what was a good
amount of money from the federal government but not a lot from the states and districts
to get them to do new things they hadn’t been doing. I just think it was probably too muddy, too
comprehensive. I think it would’ve been better if it had
been split up and say here’s a pot for teachers, here’s a pot for standards, and think about
those things differently. Andy: Okay, well, let’s come at the teacher
eval in just one second, but just your interpretation of the positives, so competitive grant programs,
the federal government setting a goal providing money to incentivize states to do things. Do you think that that probably worked out
well? One thing we heard today, and that I think
a lot of people on the left and the right would say one of the benefits of NCLB, the
No Child Left Behind Act, the Bush administration 0102 was that it forced states and then forced
districts to test in grades three through eight in reading and math, and then not only
provide the data but disaggregate the data. So, it was definitely a heavy hand here, but
a lot of people now are saying thank goodness for that because 15, 16, 17 years later we
have lots of data on how all of our kids are doing, so would you agree with that? Chad: Yeah, I think that’s one of the clear
wins for me from No Child Left Behind, and that sort of era is the data that we have,
and both the availability of the data, the data linkages to other, sorts of, systems
not just assessments but now linking it to teachers, linking it to long-term outcomes
piqué are higher at all those types of things, and then being able to disaggregate looking
at different populations of students. Andy: Okay. So, if I’m constructing a narrative here,
we could say all right generally a benefit is of this era is the federal government incentivize
states, states could do some things if they wanted to do it and get some money for it,
they were nudged to provide more data, so the public knew more so they would be incentivized
to reform all good stuff. Then we get to some things like teacher evaluation,
where it wasn’t so much encouragement anymore. It felt like the federal government was saying
here’s how you need to evaluate your teachers using data in this way, and here’s how your
laws and regulations need to change. So, how do you start to draw the line between
some of these things that are good and when this starts to get too heavy-handed? Chad: I guess, so we’re in a… and the person
that has changed my thinking on this and both before and after my term in government service
was Rick Haas who talks about how government can force state and local governments to do
things but they can’t force them to do those things well. And I attribute that to Rick Haas and repetition
and all the stuff that he’s written over time. And also, my time in government services showing
this. Andy: There’s wisdom in that or… Chad: There is wisdom in that. And so, I take it the same, like NCLB there
are some things that were worth doing just to do to like raise the floor of some things,
and so that there are some places where that’s still necessary but to try to leverage systemwide
improvements like that just can’t happen from the federal government. And so, I think it’s about finding ways to
incentivize people who wanna do good things to do those things. And that’s where I’m headed at this point. Andy: So, where then do you put something
like Common Core on that? Is it on the boundary, is it more the forcing? Chad: Yeah, it’s a good question. I think even more is in investment as an incentive
to encourage it, and so there are some national benefits if more places use common standards
because then curriculum makers can have a better market than just going after 50 states. So there’s some national incentives, but I
don’t think it should be forced or mandated, I think, sort of, in the Every Student Succeeds
Act requires that states have high-quality standards and leaves it up to the states to
determine what that means, working with their own higher education institutions. Andy: Okay. So, whether we like all of, part of, none
of the Bush-Obama era, I think all of us have to recognize that it caused maybe or at least
nudged us towards the Every Student Succeeds Act which was Congress in 2015, at the very
end 2015 passing a reauthorization of the Elementary Secondary Education Act which is
a reauthorization of No Child Left Behind, essentially saying, Uncle Sam, thanks for
your work, but back up a little bit, we’re gonna give states a whole lot more authority
in the years ahead. And that was a reaction to states being frustrated,
being told what to do across all of these domains, so let’s just pause there for a second. You had some misgivings about ESSA when it
was passed. So, if we can think about the 2015-2016 child,
what were your concerns about it then? Chad: So, my concerns were that it gave probably
too much flexibility to the states. It didn’t leave much federal role to ensure
that states were putting forth high-quality plans. Andy: Okay. Pause there, because someone might say wait
if we know that the Bush-Obama era was too much federal pushing, why would we not trust
states? Aren’t they gonna do the right thing? Chad: So, even under No Child Left Behind
there was a wide variance in how states got outcomes, and so some states did pretty well,
some states did not do very well, and that was even under No Child Left Behind which
was more of a rules-based national system. There are still lots of choices within that,
and states did other things that produce different results. So, my hunch was that we would see that under
ESSA as well only magnified even more. So, some states would take that flexibility
and do good things with it. Some states would take that flexibility and
not do much with it. So, the question for me was always, it’s still
federal dollars, the federal government still thinks there’s some value in sending that
money out to states particularly for low-income kids. And so, I still think the federal government
has some oversight role in making sure that those plans are high-quality. And you and I have written a paper, we have
grappled on this. Andy: I was about to make a joke about this! What the right lever is, I think no one… Well, I shouldn’t say this. Lots of people agree that we can’t have a
rules-based system like No Child Left Behind, like, setting the rules for everybody. But is there a way to say there’s some discretion
at the federal government level to set some parameters for quality whether that’s through
an informal peer review process some, sort of, secretarial authority. I think the secretary authority under ESSA
is very limited, and I worry that it’s not giving the current administration enough,
the tool to say no you need some more thinking on this plan, you need to keep working on
this if you want to get federal dollars. Andy: So, if anyone is interested, I think
it is 2014 or 2015, we wrote this pretty long paper, “Pax Americana.” I think that, let’s just say, it wasn’t a
widely read or it wasn’t widely adopted yet. Chad: Our timing was terrible. Andy: Our timing was bad, but what we were
doing was in real time trying to wrestle with this fundamental question, if we know that
the No Child Left Behind era happened for a reason. But we also know that we were pushing towards
ESSA for a reason that means that we have to somehow find this area between nudging
states given the billions of dollars the federal government sends them, nudging them to make
sure that we’re getting the results we want but without being too heavy-handed. So, that leads to this next question which
is, okay, so you conceptually had some questions about ESSA back in 2015-2016, but now we don’t
have to speculate as much anymore. We’re two years into it and states have produced
these plans, which states had to create accountability plan systems underneath the new federal law
meeting some criteria but free largely to go their own ways in a couple of different
areas. And so, you and some colleagues took a look
at all of these plans and you assessed them, and so like I said it’s not speculation anymore
you can actually render some let’s just say initial judgment. So, what did you guys find? Chad: So, looking across all the plans, we
said they were uncreative, largely unfinished, unambitious. We felt like a lot of things were recycled
from prior efforts, prior plans, or a lot of it was incomplete. So, either on the indicator level states haven’t
fully defined how they’re gonna measure something. They haven’t defined how they’re gonna take
the indicators and roll them up to a system for identification purposes, and then they
haven’t always explicitly said what they’re gonna do for low performing schools both like
the interventions that those schools might have to pursue as well as any funding or resources
that might be directed to them. There’s a big pot of money in ESSA that says,
“Every state sets aside 7% of their Title 1 funds.” Which nationally is about $1 billion. We looked and said, “Oh, and states have lots
of discretion about how they spend that money, whether it’s a formula or a competition, whether
they wanna embed some initiatives or other, sorts of, priorities within that. We counted in this last round there were 34
state plans, only 12 states mentioned that money and most of them were in a very small
paragraph to say, you know, it’s gonna be a formula. It’s gonna be competition. But not much depth or detail about what that’s
going to look like.” Andy: So, I don’t wanna put words in your
mouth but do you feel, like, some of your concerns from 2015 are being realized, that
we might be seeing some regression that Uncle Sam backed up and now states might not be
taking some of these things as seriously? Chad: I think that’s fair at this point. I mean, it’s still early. It’s been two years, and you could say that’s
a long time, you can say it’s a short time in federal bureau… or state bureaucracy
plan, it’s probably not that much time but I think it was concerning for us. We had a panel of peers to look at the plans. I think they came away generally concerned
that the states, the plans were not that specific about what they were gonna do. Andy: Okay. So, as you know, I’ve been moonlighting on
AEI, and I hope no one watches us, so people don’t know that I’ve been moonlighting, working
on the side on the Maryland State Board of Education, I’m still in full disclosure, I’ve
been actually worked on these issues at the state level. And so, what I’ve seen over the past two years
is just how difficult it is for states to work through these plans. So when Uncle Sam backs up, that means all
of the things that he had been dictating the states on are now up for grabs again. So, from the seat where I have been sitting
for the past couple of years, what I realize is when a state is given power again to debate
what it means to be a great school, how you measure it, how you intervene, do you value
college going, or career and technical education? Or how much weight do you put on whether English
language learners are gaining or whether gifted kids are gaining? These are fundamental philosophical questions
and they don’t always lend themselves to being answered simply in a document. So, an argument that I’ve been making is,
maybe the process that states have gone through it’s been valuable, maybe not neat and tidy
but it’s effectively states taking ownership of their K12 Education System again. Am I off base? You can say yes. Chad: I mean, I don’t wanna say yes or no
at this point. I would say based on what we’ve said, like,
we felt, like, the plans were important enough to review, the states never have to go back
in and get new approval, these approvals are permanent and they are for a fairly large
chunk of money, maybe not from a state budget perspective but from the federal government,
it’s the federal government’s investment in low-income kids. Andy: So, we got billions of dollars, and
to your point, it’s the one time the feds will review this until presumably the law
gets reauthorized which could be 7 years, 8 years, 10 years, 12 years. Chad: Yeah. And so, there could be some of what you’re
saying that states are still either figuring out or they didn’t wanna put it in their formal
plans for whatever reason, maybe they have political realities in their states, maybe
they just didn’t want to be held accountable, they wanted some flexibility in the back end. All those are legit. I would say that like the opposite interpretation
is that like as scrutiny goes down if the federal government’s no longer looking, if
groups like ours aren’t looking anymore, are they gonna have the ability to make tough
decisions going forward. And I am concerned that some states won’t
have that capacity or willingness to make, like, hard decisions. Andy: Okay. We’ll try to wrap things up with like a two-part
question, one is simply looking back and one looking forward. So, as you now take stock, we’re sitting at
the beginning of 2018, over the past, almost two decades of increasingly forward leaning
Uncle Sam’s behavior. What kind of lessons should people take away
from that as we start to think about the ESSA era? What were the good things and what were the
bad things in some? Chad: Yeah, I think, I would go back to this
conversation about how to use the federal government’s tools for good, and what are
the potential ramifications for different policies. I hope we don’t go back to it like a formal
rules-based system like No Child Left Behind but I’m worried about what states don’t do
with their flexibility, and so, like what happens next? I think it’s useful for the states. I think it’s useful for all of us to think
about how that can work. I hope people would go back and reread our
old paper, and maybe we didn’t have the right balance but… Andy: Maybe not. Chad: …that sort of idea. I think we weren’t wrong. I think we were early if you will. Andy: We should do like a vinyl reissue of
this maybe it like become hot later on. So, just looking forward, last question, if
you and you should be a state chief someday if you get to be in charge of a… If you were in charge of a state right now
with this new ESSA opportunity where we have these lessons from the past decade, decade
and a half or more, and this new opportunity for states to do even more, based on what
you’ve seen over the past two years what states are doing so far, how would you nudge, encourage,
incentivize the state to do more? And what are those things that you would encourage
them to do? Chad: The biggest thing for me is not using
the data-driven accountability as the end all be all. So, I think it should be, sort of, like a
flag and investigation for a further look at those schools say this school has low performing
outcomes, let’s go take a look at it, let’s go review it. Have some external parties go look at it as
opposed to this is, like, below our set threshold and automatically something happens. I’d rather have more of a fuzzy process to
say here’s a rough identification of, here are some schools we think need some help,
and then what happens to them afterward. Andy: That’s great. Well, thank you for your work for the federal
government. Now, on the nonprofit sector in this herculean
effort of reviewing these 50, 51 state plans. I can only imagine how many hours are those. Chad: It was long. I’m glad to be done with it, I think, yeah. Andy: Well, you did a public service which
had all of it. Thank you so much. Chad: Thanks for having me. Andy: Hey, everyone. That’s the end of our discussion with Chad
Aldeman. Thanks so much for watching. As always, let us know what other topics you’d
like EAS to cover on “Viewpoint.” And to learn more about the balance between
federal and state power in schools, check the links in the description below.

The National for December 14, 2018 — Huawei Diplomacy, CohenSpeaks, Cranium Operation


>>Adrienne: ON THIS FRIDAY NIGHT… >>WE’RE ADVOCATING FOR THEM VERY, VERY AGGRESSIVELY.>>Adrienne: WITH TWO CANADIANS DETAINED IN CHINA, THE FOREIGN MINISTER TAKES HER CONCERNS TO WASHINGTON. DID HIGH-LEVEL TALKS DO ANYTHING TO UNTANGLE A SERIOUS DIPLOMATIC KNOT?>>HE KNOWS THE TRUTH. I KNOW THE TRUTH.>>Adrienne: MICHAEL COHEN SAYS DONALD TRUMP KNEW THOSE HUSH MONEY PAYMENTS WERE WRONG, BUT THE U.S. PRESIDENT’S FORMER LAWYER MAY NOT BE HIS BIGGEST LEGAL PROBLEM.>>THE CHILD SPENT 12 HOURS IN THE OPERATING ROOM.>>Adrienne: AND OUR RADIO-CANADA COLLEAGUES GET ACCESS TO A SPECIAL SURGERY. DOCTORS TRYING TO HELP A LITTLE GIRL FIND A NORMAL LIFE. THIS IS “THE NATIONAL”. [ * ]>>Adrienne: IN THE TWO WEEKS SINCE THE CHINESE CORPORATE SUPERSTAR WAS ARRESTED IN VANCOUVER, CANADA HAS BEEN A PUNCHING BAG FOR ONE GLOBAL GIANT AND SEEMINGLY ICED OUT BY ANOTHER, BUT TODAY, A LITTLE PROGRESS, AT LEAST ON ONE FRONT. FOREIGN AFFAIRS MINISTER CHRYSTIA FREELAND MET WITH U.S. SECRETARY OF STATE MIKE POMPEO TODAY. THEY DISCUSSED THE TWO CANADIANS HELD IN CHINA. MICHAEL KOVRIG, WHO HAS NOW SPOKEN WITH CANADIAN CONSULAR OFFICIALS AND MICHAEL SPAVOR, WHO HASN’T YET. WHILE POMPEO DID NOT GO AS FAR AS FREELAND MIGHT HAVE LIKED, HE DID OFFER A MEASURE OF SUPPORT, BUT AS KATIE SIMPSON TELLS US, CANADA SHOULDN’T EXPECT MUCH MORE.>>Reporter: THERE WERE UNCOMFORTABLE CONVERSATIONS AROUND THIS TABLE. THE FIRST FACE-TO-FACE MEETING BETWEEN CANADA AND THE U.S. SINCE THE DRAMATIC ESCALATION OF TENSIONS WITH CHINA. WHEN THEY EMERGED FROM TWO HOURS OF TALKS, CANADA’S CLOSEST ALLY OFFERED UP TEMPERED PUBLIC SUPPORT.>>THE UNLAWFUL DETENTION OF TWO CANADIAN CITIZENS IS UNACCEPTABLE.>>Reporter: THE SECRETARY OF STATE DIDN’T GO ANY FURTHER IN OFFERING TO HELP CANADA NAVIGATE ITS DIPLOMATIC DILEMMA, WHICH BEGAN AFTER CANADA ARRESTED HUAWEI C.F.O. AT THE REQUEST OF THE U.S. JUSTICE DEPARTMENT AND BECAME WORSE WHEN DONALD TRUMP SAID HE’D INTERFERE IN THE CASE TO IMPROVE HIS RELATIONSHIP WITH BEJING. THE FOREIGN AFFAIRS MINISTER CRITICIZED THOSE COMMENTS BEHIND CLOSED DOORS.>>THE RULE OF LAW AND EXTRADITION ISSUES OUGHT NOT EVER TO BEI POLITICIZED OR USED AS TOOLS TO RESOLVE OTHER ISSUES.>>Reporter: CHRYSTIA FREELAND SAYS OTTAWA IS SEIZED WITH HELPING THE TWO CANADIANS HELD BY THE CHINESE.>>WE ARE BEING ABSOLUTELY CLEAR ON STANDING UP FOR OUR CITIZENS WHO HAVE BEEN DETAINED, TRYING TO FIGURE OUT WHY, TRYING TO WORK WITH CHINA TO DEMONSTRATE THIS IS NOT ACCEPTABLE.>>Reporter: REPEATING THAT MESSAGE IS ONE OF FEW OPTIONS THAT CANADA HAS TO CALM THE SITUATION, ACCORDING TO THIS FOREIGN AFFAIRS ADVISOR.>>IT’S IMPORTANT TO MAINTAIN A COMMUNICATION CHANNEL OPEN WITH CHINA. WE DON’T WANT THE SITUATION TO ESCALATE.>>Reporter: FRIENDS OF THE DETAINED CANADIANS, INCLUDING THIS FORMER DIPLOMAT WHO KNOWS MICHAEL SPAVOR, ARE NOW TRYING TO BE PATIENT IN LIGHT OF SO MUCH UNCERTAINTY.>>I WOULD SAY HE’S A VERY RESILIENT PERSONALITY. MY GREATEST CONCERN WOULD BE THAT THE CASE, THE RESOLUTION OF THE CASE DRAGS ON.>>Adrienne: SO THIS IS HAS BEEN A BIT OF A WEEK. ANY RELIEF ON THE TENSION HEADING INTO THE WEEKEND?>>Reporter: FOR CANADIAN CONSULAR STAFF IN CHINA, ABSOLUTELY NOT. I’M TOLD THE ONLY ISSUE THE EMBASSY IS FOCUSSING ON RIGHT NOW IS GETTING SUPPORT TO THOSE TWO DETAINED CANADIANS. IT’S ESSENTIALLY BECOME AROUND-THE-CLOCK OPERATION AT THIS POINT. HERE IN OTTAWA, THERE MIGHT BE SOME TIME TO REGROUP AND FIND NEW WAYS TO TRY TO GET CANADA’S MESSAGE TO RESONATE IN BEJING, THAT THE GOVERNMENT WON’T INTERVENE IN THE HUAWEI COURT CASE.>>Adrienne: ALL RIGHT. WHILE THE U.S. SEEMS OPEN TO SEEING THINGS THROUGH CANADA’S EYES, CHINA REMAINS COLD AND UNFORGIVING AND THAT MAY EXPLAIN WHY TOURISM MINISTER MELANIE JOLY WILL NOT BE OFF TO BEJING TO CELEBRATE THE END OF THE YEAR WHEN BOTH COUNTRIES PROMOTED TRAVEL TO THE OTHER. EVEN THOUGH SHELVES PLANNING TO GO AS RECENTLY AS YESTERDAY.>>I’M — IT’S PART OF THE PLAN. AND WE ARE HAVING GOOD CONVERSATIONS.>>Adrienne: THEY AGREED TO POSTPONE THE CEREMONY, DESPITE AN OTHERWISE SUCCESSFUL YEAR OF PROMOTING TOURISM BETWEEN THE TWO COUNTRIES.>>>WHILE THE GOVERNMENT MINISTER CANCELLING A TRIP MAY NOT SEEM LIKE THAT BIG A DEAL, IT SPEAKS TO SOMETHING THAT IS. TRAVEL BETWEEN CANADA AND CHINA IS ONE KEY TO THE RELATIONSHIP. IT’S WORTH BILLIONS. GREG RASMUSSEN LOOKS INTO THAT SIDE OF THE STORY.>>Reporter: FOR THIS YOUNG CANADIAN, A TRIP TO CHINA IS EXCITING. CHANCE TO SEE RELATIVES AND THE SIGHTS.>>GREAT WALL OF CHINA.>>Reporter: BECAUSE HIS MOM HOLDS A CHINESE PASSPORT, SHE IS NOT WORRIED ABOUT THE TRIP, BUT SAYS ADULT CANADIAN CITIZENS MIGHT HAVE MORE TO WORRY ABOUT.>>I WILL BE WORRIED ABOUT IF HE IS OVER 18, SO I WOULD LIKE TO STAY HERE, WAIT UNTIL LIKE THE PROBLEM GETS SOLVED.>>Reporter: WHILE IT’S LARGELY BUSINESS AS USUAL FOR TOURISTS, SOME SUGGEST CAUTION, IN PARTICULAR FOR THOSE WORKING FOR NONGOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS.>>I THINK MAYBE I’D LIKE TO TAKE A CHECK ON THAT, VERIFY THE STATUS OF THE NGO IN CHINA AND BE SURE EVERYTHING IS ABOVEBOARD. WHY TAKE UNNECESSARY RISKS?>>THERE ARE ALWAYS RISKS TRAVEL TO CHINA.>>Reporter: THIS HUMAN RIGHTS ACTIVIST SAYS ANYONE AGITATING FOR RELIGIOUS FREEDOMS COULD END UP IN TROUBLE.>>CHINESE GOVERNMENT IS NOT PREDICTABLE BECAUSE THEY’RE NOT FOLLOW THE RULES.>>Reporter: FOR OTHERS, THE FEAR IS LOSING OUT ON THE MONEY THAT CHINESE TOURISTS SPEND IN CANADA. THIS COMPANY HAS ABOUT 1,000 CHINESE VISITORS COMING TO SEE THE NORTHERN LIGHTS THIS WINTER, ABOUT 50% MORE THAN LAST YEAR.>>OUR MAIN CONCERN IS FOR CANADA RIGHT NOW, BECAUSE CHINESE MARKET IS CONTRIBUTING A LOT TO OUR ECONOMY.>>Reporter: IN ANOTHER SIGN OF CHINA’S LONG REACH, SOME CANADIAN ACADEMICS DECLINED OUR INTERVIEW REQUEST, SAYING THEY’RE AFRAID OF JEOPARDIZING THEIR ACCESS TO CHINA. ONE ENTREPRENEUR I SPOKE WITH SAID ALL THIS IS MAKING IT TOUGHER TO DO BUSINESS WITH CHINESE PARTNERS. HE SAID HE’S CONSIDERING TRADING IN HIS PHONE FOR ONE MADE BY HUAWEI. A SYMBOL HE’S COMMITTED TO CONTINUED COOPERATION.>>Adrienne: THE TRAVEL BUSINESS MIGHT NOT BE THE ONLY ONE AFFECTED BY ALL OF THIS. NEWS TODAY FROM ONE OF CANADA’S BIGGEST CLOTHING BRANDS. POPULAR WINTER CLOTHING COMPANY CANADA GOOSE WAS SUPPOSED TO OPEN THE NEW FLAGSHIP STORE IN BEJING TOMORROW, BUT THAT HAS BEEN DELAYED, THE COMPANY SAYS, DUE TO CONSTRUCTION REASONS, WHICH MIGHT BE SO, BUT CHINESE SOCIAL MEDIA USERS HAVE BEEN THREATENING TO PROTEST THE EVENT. THEY’VE ALSO BEEN BUSY CALLING FOR A NATIONWIDE CANADA GOOSE BOYCOTT. THE COMPANY STOCK HAS DROPPED ABOUT 20% SINCE MENG WANZHOU WAS ARRESTED. A NEW DATE FOR THE BEJING STORE OPENING HAS NOT YET BEEN ANNOUNCED. MICHAEL COHEN ONCE BOASTED HE WOULD TAKE A BULLET FOR DONALD TRUMP. TODAY ON U.S. NATIONAL TELEVISION HE DESCRIBED HIS FORMER BOSS AS A LIAR. AND A LAW BREAKER. SEX, LIES AND CAMPAIGN VIOLATIONS, IT’S A TALE COHEN HAS TOLD BEFORE, BUT NEVER DIRECTLY TO THE MEDIA. WHILE THE COURTS FOLLOW THE FACTS, THE COURT OF PUBLIC OPINION IS LEFT TO CHOOSE WHO TO BELIEVE, TRUMP OR THE FIXER WHO BETRAYED HIM.>>THE MAN DOESN’T TELL THE TRUTH AND IT’S SAD THAT I SHOULD TAKE RESPONSIBILITY FOR HIS DIRTY DEEDS.>>Reporter: THE FALLOUT FROM THE SPLIT BETWEEN DONALD TRUMP AND HIS FORMER FIXER, MICHAEL COHEN, CONTINUES TO BE PUBLIC AND UGLY.>>I’M DONE WITH THE LYING. I’M DONE BEING LOYAL TO PRESIDENT TRUMP.>>Reporter: IN AN INTERVIEW WITH “GOOD MORNING AMERICA” TODAY, MICHAEL COHEN REPEATED WHAT HE ADMITTEDED TO COURT, THAT DONALD TRUMP DIRECTED HIM TO BREAK THE LAW.>>NOTHING AT THE TRUMP ORGANIZATION WAS EVER DONE UNLESS IT WAS RUN THROUGH MR. TRUMP.>>Reporter: COHEN SAYS TRUMP KNEW THE PAYMENTS TO STORMY DANIELS AND KAREN McDOUGAL WERE IMPROPER.>>HE WAS TRYING TO HIDE WHAT YOU WERE DOING, CORRECT?>>CORRECT.>>AND HE KNEW IT WAS WRONG?>>OF COURSE.>>Reporter: BUT TRUMP FIRST DENIED EVEN KNOWING ABOUT THE PAYMENTS AND SAID THIS IS ALL ON COHEN.>>I NEVER DIRECTED HIM TO DO ANYTHING WRONG. WHATEVER HE DID, HE DID ON HIS OWN.>>Reporter: IT’S NOT JUST COHEN MAKING THE ACCUSATIONS IN A SEPARATE PLEA DEAL WITH NEW YORK PROSECUTORS, “THE NATIONAL ENQUIRER” ADMITS IT WORKED NOW UNDER PRESSURE LIKE NEVER BEFORE. SO FOR MORE, WE TURN TO WASHINGTON CORRESPONDENT KEITH BOAG. WHAT HAS CHANGED FOR THE PRESIDENT?>>WELL, I THINK WHAT HAS CHANGED, THE SERIOUSNESS OF THE CRIMES THE PRESIDENT IS IMPLICATED IN IS BECOMING CLEARER EVERY DAY. IT’S NOT SIMPLY HE MADE ILLEGAL AND UNREPORTED CONTRIBUTION TO THE CAMPAIGN WITH THE HUSH MONEY, IT’S THAT HE CONSPIRED WITH OTHERS AND DIRECTED THEM TO MAKE ILLEGAL PAYMENTS AND SOME OF THE PAYMENTS WERE FUNNELED THROUGH A CORPORATION. IN A “WASHINGTON POST” OP-ED, LAWYER GEORGE CONWAY, WHO HAPPENS TO BE THE HUSBAND OF KELLYANNE CONWAY, THE PRESIDENT’S COUNSELOR, SAID THIS. THE CAMPAIGN VIOLATIONS HERE ARE AMONG THE MOST IMPORTANT EVER IN THE HISTORY OF THIS NATION. GIVEN THE RAZOR THIN WIN BY TRUMP AND THE TIMING OF THE CRIMES, THEY VERY WELL MAY HAVE SWUNG A PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION. PLUS, WE’RE LEARNING ABOUT AN ENTIRELY NEW INVESTIGATION THAT COULD AFFECT THE PRESIDENT. INVESTIGATION INTO THE RECORD AMOUNT OF MONEY RAISED FROM PRIVATE DONORS. IT’S NOT CLEAR THAT MONEY WAS SPENT ON INAUGURATION EVENTS.>>Adrienne: SO THE WORDS ARE STRONG. THE INVESTIGATION SOUNDS STRONG, BUT TO WHAT DEGREE DOES THIS CHANGE THE CONVERSATION IN WASHINGTON?>>FIRST, THERE IS A GROWING PUBLIC DEBATE ABOUT WHETHER THE JUSTICE DEPARTMENT POLICY THAT A SITTING PRESIDENT CAN’T BE INDICTED IS DEFENSIBLE. THE ALTERNATIVE IS IMPEACHMENT, SO IT’S BECOMING CLEARER TO DEMOCRATS, EVEN IF IT’S POLITICALLY DANGEROUS TO THEM, IMPEACHING THIS PRESIDENT MAY SOON BECOME THEIR INESCAPABLE DUTY. THEY’RE JUST THREE WEEKS AWAY FROM HAVING CONTROL OF THE LOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, WHICH HAS THE CONSTITUTIONAL RESPONSIBILITY FOR IMPEACHMENT.>>Adrienne: 2019 WILL BE INTERESTING. KEITH BOAG IN WASHINGTON. TO ANOTHER U.S. STORY THAT HAS PUNCTUATED HEADLINES. THE PLIGHT OF THOUSANDS OF CENTRAL AMERICANS TRAVELLING. THEY’RE FLEEING VIOLENCE AT HOME, SEEKING A SAFER LIFE. AND THE JOURNEY ENDS HAPPILY FOR VERY FEW OF THEM. BUT NOWHERE IS THIS MORE STARK THAN IN THE CASE OF A 7-YEAR-OLD GUATEMALAN GIRL. SHE GOT SICK IN U.S. CUSTODY AND THEN DIED IN HOSPITAL OF SEPTIC SHOCK, FEVER AND DEHYDRATION. AS ELLEN MAURO EXPLAINS, MANY ARE ASKING IF HER GUARDS DID ENOUGH TO HELP HER.>>Reporter: IN GUATEMALA, A FAMILY IN MOURNING FOR A 7-YEAR-OLD GIRL. SHE AND HER FATHER WERE DETAINED IN NEW MEXICO. EIGHT HOURS LATER, THE GIRL BEGAN SUFFERING SEIZURES AND DIED IN HOSPITAL. SHE HAD NOT EATEN OR DRANK WATER IN DAYS.>>IT’S HEART WRENCHING.>>KIRSTJEN NIELSEN DISMISSED ANY CLAIMS OF RESPONSIBILITY.>>THIS FAMILY CHOSE TO CROSS ILLEGALLY. THEY WERE ABOUT 90 MILES AWAY FROM WHERE WE COULD PROCESS THEM. THEY CAME IN SUCH A LARGE CROWD, IT TOOK OUR BORDER PATROL FOLKS A COUPLE TIMES TO GET THEM ALL. WE GAVE IMMEDIATE CARE.>>Reporter: THE DEATH HAS RENEWED CRITICISM OF THE TRUMP ADMINISTRATION’S ATTITUDES TOWARD MIGRANTS AND THE FACILITIES WHERE THEY’RE HELD.>>THESE FACILITIES ARE ESSENTIALLY JAILS. THEY’RE USUALLY A PROCESSING DESK SURROUNDED BY SEVERAL RUDIMENTARY CELLS WITH A METAL BENCH, HALF WALL AND TOILET. OFTEN TIMES THEY’RE CROWDED AND A FAMILY HAS TOLD ME, THERE IS NOT ROOM FOR EVERYBODY TO SLEEP AT THE SAME TIME, SO THEY HAVE TO REMAIN STANDING TO FIT IN THE CELL.>>Reporter: LAST MONTH, CUSTOMERS AND BORDER PATROL DETAINED MORE THAN 25,000 PEOPLE TRAVELLING AS FAMILY. I WANT SAYS ITS FACILITIES ARE INCOMPATIBLE WITH THE MASS ARRIVE OF PARENTS WITH CHILDREN. BUT THEY ARGUE THEY NEED TO DO BETTER.>>IT WAS JUST A SENSE OF DESPERATION. AND ONCE PEOPLE HEARD THAT THE CARAVAN WAS STARTING TO LEAVE, THEY WOULD LITERALLY JUST GRAB THEIR KIDS AND RUN AFTER THE CARAVAN WITH THE CLOTHES ON THEIR BACK.>>Reporter: THE GIRL’S FATHER MAY HAVE HAD THE SAME IDEA. A DANGEROUS JOURNEY WITH A TRAGIC ENDING. ELLEN MAURO, CBC NEWS, WASHINGTON.>>Adrienne: THE FAMILY OF THAT LITTLE GIRL, WHOSE NAME WAS JAKELIN BY THE WAY, APPARENTLY CROSSED ILLEGALLY, BUT MOST PEOPLE TEND TO WAIT THEIR TURN. AS A RESULT, THERE IS A HUGE BACKLOG OF PEOPLE WAITING TO BE PROCESSED. U.S. OFFICIALS ARE RESTRICTING APPLICANTS AS ONE CROSSING IN TIJUANA TO JUST 40 TO 100 PER DAY. A LOT MORE THAN THAT ARE TRYING TO GET THROUGH. THIS IS A SITUATION THAT HAS LEFT MANY MIGRANTS FRUSTRATED AND WITH ANOTHER DIFFICULT CHOICE TO MAKE. KIM BRUNHUBER CAUGHT UP WITH SOME OF THOSE WAITING TO GET ACROSS.>>Reporter: EVERY MORNING THEY GATHER HERE WITH THEIR CHILDREN AND THEIR STUFF HOPING THIS WILL BE THE DAY. THE DAY THE MAN WITH THE SILVER AND BLACK LEDGER READS OUT THEIR NAME. THOSE WHO ARE CALLED CAN PROCEED TO THE U.S. BORDER SECURITY FOR THE INITIAL INTERVIEW OF THEIR ASYLUM CLAIM, BUT SO FEW ARE CALLED AND SO MANY ARE WAITING. THE LAST PERSON IN LINE, MANUEL ORELLANA, HE FLED HONDURAS BECAUSE HE ACCUSED THE GOVERNMENT OF FRAUD IN THEIR ELECTIONS. I STARTED HIDING BECAUSE THE POLICE AND STATE SECURITY WERE FOLLOWING ME, HE SAYS, I’M HERE BECAUSE OF A LIFE-OR-DEATH SITUATION. NOW, AFTER MAKING PAINFUL 5,000-KILOMETRE JOURNEY, HE’S FINALLY ABOUT TO ADD HIS NAME TO THE LIST, BUT SINCE THE CARAVAN STARTED ARRIVING, THE LEDGER PAGES HAVE BEEN FILLING UP FAST. THERE ARE REPORTEDLY MORE THAN 5,000 NAMES ON THE LIST. AND ON AVERAGE, EVERY DAY, ONLY ABOUT 60 ARE CALLED. I FEEL LIKE I CAN WAIT, HE SAYS. THERE IS NO NEED TO JUMP THE BORDER FENCE. I WANT TO GO THROUGH THE PROCESS IN THE RIGHT WAY. THOSE HERE WAITING TO HEAR THEIR NAMES, INSIST THEY’RE WILLING TO PUT THEMSELVES THROUGH THIS LONG NIGHTMARE TO GIVE THEIR CHILDREN A SHOT AT THE AMERICAN DREAM. OTHERS SAY IT’S TIME TO WAKE UP. A DIFFERENT LIST, A DIFFERENT LINE. MIGRANTS LIKE FRANKLIN DERAS. HE ADMITS THAT THE VISION THAT LURED THEM TO THE BORDER WAS AMY RAJ. HAVING ARRIVED HERE IN TIJUANA, THINGS ARE DIFFERENT THAN WE THOUGHT. WE THOUGHT THEY WOULD OPEN THE BORDER AND WELCOME US, BUT IT WAS THE EXACT OPPOSITE. NOW HE AND HUNDREDS OF OTHERS ARE ACCEPTING THE MEXICAN GOVERNMENT’S OFFER OF A WORK PERMIT THAT WOULD ALLOW HIM TO STAY A YEAR. AFTER THAT? HE SAID YOU CAN EARN WELL HERE, I WOULDN’T NEED TO GO TO THE STATES. MEXICO GAVE ME THE OPPORTUNITY, MAYBE I WON’T LEAVE. ANOTHER LUCKY MIGRANT’S NUMBER IS UP AND ORELLANA DISAPPEARS INTO THE CROWD. HIS NAME, FOR NOW, THE LAST ONE IN THE LEDGER. KIM BRUNHUBER, CBC NEWS, TIJUANA, MEXICO.>>Adrienne: FOLLOWING A DEVELOPING STORY FROM THUNDER BAY. POLICE JUST ANNOUNCED AN ARREST IN CONNECTION WITH THE MURDER OF A 17-YEAR-OLD. BRAIDEN JACOB WAS FROM FIRST NATION. HE HAD BEEN REPORTED MISSING BEFORE HIS BODY WAS FOUND ON SUNDAY IN A PARK. THUNDER BAY POLICE SERVICE SAY THEY HAVE ARRESTED A 22-YEAR-OLD MAN. HE IS FACING A CHARGE OF SECOND-DEGREE MURDER. THEY’RE NOT RELEASING HIS IDENTITY UNTIL HE APPEARS IN COURT TOMORROW.>>>YET ANOTHER DEVELOPMENT IN THUNDER BAY TONIGHT. THE POLICE SERVICESES BOARD HAS BEEN DISBANDED. EARLIER THERE WEEK A REPORT BY AN ONTARIO POLICE WATCHDOG FOUND SYSTEMIC RACISM WITHIN THE CITY’S POLICE FORCE. A TEMPORARY ADMINISTRATOR HAS BEEN APPOINTED TO FUNCTION AS AN INTERIM BOARD.>>WHAT WE’RE WITNESSING TODAY IS THIS CRITICAL TO CANADA’S DEVELOPMENT. WE’RE SEEING A JOINTLY DEFINED GOVERNMENT FIRST NATION PROCESS.>>Adrienne: AND THE B.C. GOVERNMENT AND FIRST NATIONS HAVE AN AGREEMENT TO PHASE OUT OPEN-PEN FISH FARMS IN THE PROVINCE’S BROUGHTON ARCHIPELAGO OVER THE NEXT FIVE YEARS. THE DECISION CAME AS A RESULT OF GOVERNMENT TO GOVERNMENT CONSULTATIONS. THE B.C. PREMIER JOHN HORGAN SAYS THERE WILL ENSURE ECONOMIC CERTAINTY AND PROTECT THE HEALTH OF WILD SALMON. AHEAD ON “THE NATIONAL”, WE’LL TAKE YOU INSIDE A MONTREAL OPERATING ROOM FOR AN EXCLUSIVE LOOK AT HOW SURGEONS ARE HELPING A LITTLE GIRL WITH A RARE BRAIN CONDITION. FIRST, THOUGH, A LOOK AT HOW INSTAGRAM IS CHANGING THE GAME FOR CANADIAN POETS. AND A LITTLE LATER, A HEARTBREAKING THEFT INSPIRES A HEARTWARMING MOMENT FOR THE FAMILY OF A NEWFOUNDLAND VETERAN.>>EVERYTHING HAPPENED IN AN INSTANT. I WAS AT WORK AND THERE WERE TEXT MESSAGES AND NOTIFICATIONS COMING F>>Adrienne: THESE EDMONTON FANS ARE NOT HERE FOR A CONCERT. THEY CAME TO SEE CELEBRITY POETS, YES, CELEBRITY POETS.>>IT WAS LITERALLY A BOOK I COULDN’T PUT DOWN. IT WAS CAPTIVATING WORK AND I COULDN’T BELIEVE HOW QUICKLY I WAS ENTHRALLED.>>I FOUND RELATABILITY IN HER PIECES AND I FOUND COMFORT.>>I THINK SHE KIND OF LED THE WAY IN CANADA PUTTING POETRY DOWN ON PAPER THAT WAS VERY POETIC AND ACCESSIBLE.>>Adrienne: JUST A TASTE OF WHAT MIGHT EXPLAIN A HUGE SURGE. THEY SKYROCKETED 138% BETWEEN 2016 AND 2017. NOW KAUR SEEMS TO BE GETTING A LOAD OF CREDIT FOR THAT, BUT AS TASHAUNA REID EXPLAINS, SHE AND OTHER POETS ARE USING INSTAGRAM TO BRING INSPIRATION TO A TRADITIONAL FORM.>>I AM A TANGLE OF CONTRADICTION.>>Reporter: AS A UNIVERSITY ENGLISH MAJOR, HARMAN KAUR SAYS SHE NEVER SAW HERSELF IN THE LITERATURE SHE WAS ASSIGNED TO READ.>>I REALIZED THERE WERE STORIES MISSING AND ONE OF THE STORIES WAS MY STORY. AND FOR A WOMAN AND PEOPLE WHO LOOK LIKE ME.>>Reporter: SO SHE STARTED WRITING POETRY, MOSTLY ABOUT HER IDENTITY AS A PUNJABI SIKH WOMAN.>>IT’S ACTUALLY MADE IT LIKE MORE EASY FOR PEOPLE OF COLOUR TO PUT THEMSELVES OUT THERE.>>Reporter: AND THAT SOCIAL MEDIA FOLLOWING PUSHED HER TO PUBLISH HER OWN COLLECTION OF POEMS. ONE INSPIRATION OF WRITER, RUPI KAUR.>>SOMEHOW POETRY IS –>>POETRY IS THE NEW POP.>>Reporter: BEFORE LATE NIGHT, SHE FOUND HER AUDIENCE THROUGH SOCIAL MEDIA. SHE’S ATTRACTED MORE THAN 3 MILLION FOLLOWERS. AT JUST 2, SHE’S ENDORSED BY — 26, SHE’S ENDORSED BY CELEBRITIES AND FASHION LABELS.>>YOUR BODY IS NOT HIS HOME.>>Reporter: FOR THESE STUDENTS AT RYERSON UNIVERSITY, KAUR’S WORK IS HITTING A NERVE.>>I THINK IT’S RAW, IT’S REAL.>>I DON’T THINK HER LANGUAGE IS SO ELEVATED THAT ONLY SCHOLARS CAN UNDERSTAND IT.>>AS HE TOOK HER HAND, HE GAVE HER ALL SHE HAD BEEN WAITING FOR. A SHIVER DOWN HER SPINE.>>Reporter: POETRY SURGE IN POPULARITY IS GOOD NEWS FOR POETS LIKE ATTICUS, WHO HAS SEEN SUCCESS ONLINE AND IN BOOK STORES. HE SAYS HE KEEPS HIS IDENTITY A SECRET, SO READERS FOCUS ON THE WORDS, BUT IT’S ALSO ESSENTIAL PART OF HIS BRAND.>>I’LL ALWAYS WEAR THE MASK TO WRITE WHAT I FEEL, BE VULNERABLE AND NOT MAKE IT ABOUT CELEBRITY AND RECOGNITION.>>Reporter: THE B.C. POET HAS NEARLY 1 MILLION FOLLOWERS ON INSTAGRAM.>>Adrienne: FRENCH PRESIDENT EMMANUEL MACRON PAID TRIBUTE TO THE VICTIMS OF TUESDAY’S ATTACK AT A CHRISTMAS MARKET IN STRASBOURG THAT LEFT FOUR PEOPLE DEAD AND MANY OTHERS INJURED. HE PLACED A WHITE ROSE AT A MONUMENT AND MET WITH FIRST RESPONDERS. THE CHRISTMAS MARKET REOPENED EARLIER TODAY UNDER HIGH SECURITY. AUTHORITY KILLED THE SUSPECT LATE YESTERDAY AFTER CONFRONTING HIM ON THAT VERY STREET.>>>U.S. PRESIDENT DONALD TRUMP HAS NAMED MICK MULVANEY AS INTERIM WHITE HOUSE CHIEF OF STAFF. HE WILL TAKE ON THE POST WHEN JOHN KELLY STEPS DOWN. HE IS A FORMER CONGRESSMAN AND HEADS THE WHITE HOUSE BUDGET OFFICE. THE ANNOUNCEMENT COMES JUST HOURS AFTER FORMER NEW JERSEY GOVERNOR CHRIS CHRISTIE WITHDREW HIS NAME FROM CONSIDERATION.>>>AND HERE AT HOME, THIS IS KEY. GENERAL MOTORS SAYS IT IS TRYING TO FIND NEW JOBS FOR WORKERS AT ITS OSHAWA, ONTARIO, ASSEMBLY PLANT WHICH IS SCHEDULED TO CLOSE NEXT YEAR. THE PLANT EAST OF TORONTO CURRENTLY EMPLOYS ABOUT 2500 PEOPLE. GM SAYS IT HAS IDENTIFIED ABOUT 2000 JOBS, MANY RELATED TO THE REFURBISHMENT OF A NUCLEAR POWER PLANT IN THE REGION.>>>OKAY, SO HERE IS A LITTLE GIRL WHO HAS NEEDED A FIGHTING SPIRIT RIGHT FROM THE WORD GO. THE STORY OF HER FIRST TWO YEARS DOMINATED BY A DEVASTATING MEDICAL CONDITION. TONIGHT, WE GET A GLIMPSE OF WHAT THAT HAS BEEN LIKE AND SCLUIVE ACCESS INTO A SURGERY THAT MAY HELP HER LIVE A BETTER QUALITY OF LIFE. RADIO-CANADA HAS AGREED NOT TO USE HER NAME. BUT THERE IS NO AMOUNT OF ANONYMITY THAT CAN HIDE THE HUMANITY OF HER STORY.>>Reporter: BORN IN NORTH AFRICA, THIS LITTLE GIRL IS TWO YEARS OLD. SHE HAS A CONDITION CALLED HYDROCEPHALUS. THREE LITRES OF FLUID HAVE BUILT UP IN HER BRAIN. HER ILLNESS WASN’T TREATED IN TIME. WHEN SHE ARRIVED IN QUÉBEC LAST YEAR, HER NEUROSURGEON PLACED A SHUNT IN HER BRAIN. WE CAN’T SEE IT, BUT THE SHUNT DRAINS FROM HER BRAIN INTO HER STOMACH. BUT THE HARM HAD ALREADY BEEN DONE. HER BRAIN ATROPHIED UNDER THE PRESSURE. IT’S NOW 80% SMALLER THAN A NORMAL BRAIN. THE CHILD’S MOVEMENTS ARE CLEARLY RESTRICTED. HER HEAD IS SO HEAVY THAT IF SHE TIPPED OVER, SHE COULD BREAK HER NECK.>>[Speaking French]>>Reporter: THE PATIENT’S CRANIUM WILL BE REDUCED BY 60% IN SIZE.>>[Speaking French]>>Reporter: ALREADY POSITIONING THE CHILD IS A PROBLEM. THE TEAM REALISES JUST HOW HEAVY HER HEAD IS. WITHOUT A DOUBT, THIS WILL BE AN EXCEPTIONAL OPERATION FOR AN EXCEPTIONAL CASE. ONCE THE SKULL IS EXPOSED, THE TEAM BRINGS IN SOMETHING THAT LOOKS LIKE A HELMET. IT’S A CUTTING GUIDE. THE KEY TO THE RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY. EACH PIECE IS CUT FROM THE CHILD’S SKULL. THE PIECES ARE THEN SEMI-IBLED ON A — ASSEMBLED ON A TABLE BESIDE THE PATIENT. THE SKULL IS TAKING SHAPE. AFTER SEVERAL HOURS OF CUTTING, THE BRAIN IS FULLY EXPOSED. DR. WEIL BEGINS DRAINING THE BRAIN. THIS IS THE RISKY PART OF THE OPERATION. SURGEONS DRAIN THE VENTRICLES WHERE FLUID HAS BUILT UP. PROGRESS IS SLOW. ONLY A FEW DOZEN MILLIMETRES OF WATER DRAIN PER MINUTE. GOING ANY FASTER WOULD BE UNNECESSARILY RISKY FOR THE CHILD. IN TOTAL, ONLY HALF OF THE 3 LITRES OF FLUID WAS DRAINED, BUT WHY? [Speaking French]>>Reporter: THE BRAIN HAS REACHED THE TARGET VOLUME. NOW IT’S TIME TO REPLACE THE BONE STRUCTURE. IT TAKES 210 SCREWS TO SECURE THE NEW CRANIUM. THE CHILD SPENT 12 HOURS IN THE OPERATING ROOM. THREE WEEKS LATER, DOCTORS DO AN MRI. THE NEWS IS ENCOURAGING. THE CHILD’S BRAIN HAS DOUBLED IN VOLUME. WITHOUT A DOUBT, THERE IS REASON FOR HOPE.>>Adrienne: THAT LITTLE ONE SPENT ABOUT A MONTH IN HOSPITAL. WHEN SHE WOKE UP, SHE WAS TOTALLY HERSELF. SHE REMEMBERED WORDS, SONGS, SMILE CAME EASILY. SHE IS NOW AT HOME AND IS MOVING BETTER THAN SHE COULD BEFORE. NEXT ON “THE NATIONAL”, WE’LL TAKE YOU INSIDE A SPECIAL STORE IN TORONTO THAT WAS THE FIRST OF ITS KIND WHEN IT OPENED 30 YEARS AGO. A TRUE SAFE HAVEN AND WE’LL SHOW YOU WHY THAT MATTERS.>>THEY REALLY FEEL NICE.>>COME AND STAND UP.>>THERE. WHAT DO YOU THINK?>>BEAUTIFUL. FANTASTIC.>>[LAUGHTER].>>LET’S GET THE DRESS!>>OKAY.>>Adrienne: FIRST, THOUGH, A LOOK AT AN INTERVIEW SUNDAY NIGHT. MARK TEWKSBURY, CANADA’S FIRST OPENLY GAY OLYMPIAN. WE SAT DOWN TO TALK ABOUT THE FUTURE OF THE OLYMPICS AND HIS REFLECTION. TELL ME ABOUT THE COUPLE WHO RECOGNIZED YOU AS THE GOLD MEDALLIST AND WERE SO EXCITED TO MEET YOU.>>YES.>>Adrienne: THEN WHAT HAPPENED?>>I WAS AT A REALLY GOOD FRIEND’S WEDDING. I WAS WITH MY PARTNER AT THE TIME. WE WERE IN THE BUFFET LINE. IT WAS INCREDIBLE, THEY WERE LIKE, MARK, WHAT ARE YOU DOING HERE! I SAID LET ME INTRODUCE YOU TO MY PARTNER BENJAMIN. IT WENT, CHILL, ICE, DONE. IGNORED. BACK TURNED. IT WAS LIKE, WOW. WOW. AND AGAIN, WHEN THOSE THINGS HAPPEN, THANKS THAT I LIVE IN MY WORLD WHERE THAT DOESN’T HAPPEN ALL THE TIME, BUT WHEN IT DOES, IT’S RIGHT BACK TO FAG IN THE LOCKER ROOM, GRADE 8. IT’S THAT INITIAL SOURCE OF>>Adrienne: PATTY ALDRIDGE HAS STAYED IN BUSINESS FOR MORE THAN 30 YEARS BY CATERING TO A SPECIAL MARKET. WITH GOWNS, WIGS AND THE RIGHT SHOES, SHE HELPS ANYONE ACHIEVE THEIR PERFECT LOOK AS A WOMAN. HER SHOP CALLED TAKE A WALK ON THE WILDSIDE HAS PROSPERED BY LETTING PATRONS EXPRESS WHAT THEY WANT WITH NO JUDGMENT. THIS IS A WINDOW INTO THEIR WORLD. [ * ]>>PATTY, WHERE ARE YOU?>>COME ON BACK HERE.>>OKAY.>>OH, THERE YOU ARE.>>HI, HONEY, HOW ARE YOU?>>HOW ARE YOU? GOOD TO SEE YOU.>>I’VE GOT THE PERFECT PAIR OF SHOES FOR YOU.>>THAT’S PERFECT.>>NOW WAIT HERE AND I’LL SHOW YOU HOW THEY MATCH. OH, MY GOD. LOOK. IT MATCHES JUST PERFECT, PATTY.>>YOU’RE DOING EVERY DETAIL PERFECT THIS TIME.>>IT BETTER BE! I’VE BEEN WORKING ON THIS SINCE JANUARY [LAUGHTER].>>OH MY GOD.>>YOU HAVE TO MATCH INSIDE AND OUTSIDE. WHAT COLOUR IS YOUR UNDERWEAR? MAYBE WE’RE GOING TO HAVE TO GET YOU PINK UNDERWEAR. WHAT DO YOU THINK?>>I JUST WON’T WEAR ANY, HOW IS THAT [LAUGHTER]? THEN THEY’LL MATCH.>>I’LL FIND SOME PINK UNDERWEAR FOR YOU. WAIT A SECOND. WAIT, WAIT, WAIT. HERE WE GO. PINK UNDIES.>>I WILL SAY ONE THING, IT DOES MATCH.>>I THINK THAT’S KIND OF SWEET.>>I NEVER THOUGHT OF THAT. I DON’T KNOW WHAT ELSE TO SAY.>>I’M GOING TO SAY WE’RE GOING TO GET UP ON THE CHAIR AND TRY ON THE DRESS.>>OKAY. HERE WE GO. [ * ]>>RIGHT UP UNTIL I WAS ABOUT 40, MY MOTHER KEPT SAYING ARE YOU STILL STRIPPING? AND I’D GO, MOM, I’M 37. MOM, GAVE IT UP YEARS AGO. AT 26 I WENT BACK TO SCHOOL TO RYERSON. THE ONLY REASON I WENT TO RYERSON WAS BECAUSE I WAS JUST A STRIPPER AND I WANTED TO GET A DEGREE. AFTER I GRADUATED IN 1985, THAT IS WHEN I RAN THE AD IN THE PAPER, TAKE A WALK ON THE WILDSIDE, WHO IS THAT GIRL? IT COULD BE YOU. AN OPPORTUNITY FOR A MAN TO BE MADE TO LOOK LIKE A WOMAN WITH MAKEUP AND COSTUMES. AND THE PHONE RANG OFF THE HOOK. WHEN I HAD MY STORE IN 1987, THE FIRST DAY, AUGUST 1ST, I HAD THREE CUSTOMERS BOOKED. AND TWO COSTUMES. THAT WAS IT. IT WAS SO SIMPLE. ALL WE DID MOSTLY WAS TALK. THEN I DID MAKEUP FOR THEM. AND WE TALKED FOR AN HOUR. THE THING IS, PEOPLE NEEDED TO BE ENCOURAGED. AND SO I ENCOURAGED THEM.>>THAT’S A NICE PERFUME.>>GUCCI.>>MMMM.>>YEAH.>>COME ON OUT. COME BACK HERE.>>I JUST WANT TO QUICKLY TAKE A LOOK AT SHOES.>>LIKE, YOU WANT LEOPARD?>>OH, NO, NO, JUST BLACK. THESE LOOK NICE. OH, PATTY, THEY LOOK FANTASTIC. LOOK AT THEM.>>YOU WANT TO TRY THE OTHER ONE ON?>>YEAH. WHY DO THEY CALL THEM TEACHER SHOES?>>I CALL THEM TEACHER SHOES, BECAUSE THAT’S THE TEACHERS WHERE I WENT IN GRADE SCHOOL, THIS IS WHAT THEY WOULD WEAR. DIDN’T YOUR TEACHERS WEAR THEM?>>REALLY? NO, I DIDN’T HAVE LIKE KINKY TEACHERS. I HAVE SEEN OTHER WOMEN WEARING THEM. THEY LOOK GREAT, YOU KNOW?>>[LAUGHTER] COME ON, GIRLS.>>LEAN AGAINST WHAT? THE WALL? YEAH. NOW YOU COME BACK AND FORTH AND THEN GO INTO THE LIGHT AND TURN AROUND A BIT.>>OKAY. HOW IS THAT?>>GOOD. NOW JUST RELAX. NO BIG DEAL. YEAH. FABULOUS. FABULOUS. OKAY. NICE. VERY NICE. [ * ]>>THEY TURNED OUT GREAT.>>OH, MY. THEY FIT.>>CINDERELLA, HERE ARE YOUR SLIPPERS.>>THEY REALLY FEEL NICE.>>COME AND STAND UP.>>THERE. WHAT DO YOU THINK?>>BEAUTIFUL. FANTASTIC.>>[LAUGHTER] >>LET’S GET THE DRESS, LET’S GET THE DRESS.>>OKAY.>>ARE YOU READY TO GO UP ON THE TABLE?>>HERE WE GO.>>OKAY. ALL RIGHT. NOW, HOLD ONTO THAT LITTLE THING. I’M GOING TO GET YOUR DRESS. ALL RIGHT?>>BETTER TAKE THESE OFF.>>LOOKS LIKE YOU’RE ON THE DIVING BOARD.>>ARMS IN HERE. GOOD.>>NO, DON’T TURN AROUND.>>OKAY.>>YOU LEAVE IT UP TO ME.>>OKAY [LAUGHTER].>>I HAVEN’T GAINED ANY WEIGHT. GOOD.>>AND IT’S BEAUTIFUL! PERFECT.>>I’M NOT THAT MACHO, BUT NEITHER AM I FEMININE. THIS IS JUST A SIDE OF ME I ALWAYS FANCIED AND WONDERED, COULD I DO IT IF I REALLY TRIED? THIS IS MY REALLY TRY.>>WHAT IS THE IDEA OF THE MASK?>>IT’S JUST LIKE YOU CAN BE ANYONE YOU WANT TO BE. INSTEAD OF SOMEONE RECOGNIZING THE SHAPE OF YOUR FACE. THIS WAY I CAN BE WHOEVER I WANT TO BE. AND I DON’T HAVE TO SAY A WORD.>>I JUST BECAME EVE. ALMOST.>>PEOPLE MIGHT FIND ANOTHER PLACE TO BUY A WIG OR ANOTHER PLACE TO BUY BREAST FORMS, BUT PEOPLE STILL WANT A STORE. THEY CAN GO ONLINE, BUT THEY WANT PHYSICAL CONTACT WHERE THEY’RE SEEING SOMEBODY IN THE ROOM WITH THEM AND TALKING TO THEM. AND AT THE END OF THE CONVERSATION, AT THE END OF THE TRANSFORMATION, I GO, DON’T WORRY NOW, YOU COME BACK AND EVERYTHING. AND I WON’T TELL ANYBODY. AND THEY LOOK AT ME AND THEY GO, IT’S OKAY, I TRUST YOU.>>SO I’LL BE HERE FOR A LONG TIME TO COME. AND I WILL HAVE CUSTOMERS FOR A LONG TIME TO COME. [ * ]>>Adrienne: YOU CAN WATCH MORE SHORT DOCS BY USING THE NEW STREAMING SERVICE. IT OFFERS NEWS PROGRAMMES LIVE AS WELL AS ON-DEMAND CONTENT. UP NEXT ON “THE NATIONAL”, WHEN 82-YEAR-OLD EDWARD SHEPHERD’S HOME WAS BROKEN INTO, HIS GUITAR WAS STOLEN. IT WAS A GIFT FROM HIS LATE WIFE, SO HIS FAMILY IN STEPHENVILLE SEARCHED FOR DAYS, BUT WITHOUT LUCK.>>I HOPED TO ALL THE PEOPLE I KNOW THERE, I HAVE A LARGE FAMILY THERE AS WELL, THAT SOMEHOW WE WOULD BE ABLE TO TRACK IT DOWN. AND UNFORTUNATELY, A COUPLE OF DAYS PASSED AND THAT DIDN’T HAPPEN.>>Adrienne: WELL SOMETHING CHANGED TODAY. FIND OUT WHAT HAPPENED NEXT IN OUR MOMENT. BUT FIRST… >>>IN CASE YOU MISSED IT. PRINCE WILLIAM INSPECTED CADETS TODAY AT THE ROYAL MILITARY ACADEMY, THE WORLD GOT A NEW LOOK AT HIS FAMILY. THE IMAGES OF THE CHRISTMAS CARD LETS YOU CATCH UP ON ALL THREE KIDS. IT’S BECOME A TRADITION FOR KENSINGTON PALACE TO RELEASE THESE IMAGES. HERE’S PRINCE CHARLES AND CAMILLA IN A SUITABLY TRADITIONAL POSE. BUT THE NEWEST ROYAL MARRIED COUPLE WENT IN ANOTHER DIRECTION. THEIR CHRISTMAS CARD IS A SHOT FROM THEIR WEDDING DAY THAT HASN’T BEEN SEEN UNTIL NOW. WATCHING FIREWORKS AWAY FROM THE CROWD IN WHAT MAY HAVE BEEN THEIR FIRST PRIVATE MOMENT OF THAT BUSY DAY. PEOPLE REALLY ANALYZE THESE IMAGES, ANYTHING ROYAL REALLY, NOTING THE MODERN TONE, THAT THEY’RE NOT EVEN LO (*)>>Adrienne: EDWARD SHEPPARD LOVED HIS GUITAR. IT WAS A REMINDER OF HIS LATE WIFE, SOMETHING THAT SHE HAD SPENT YEARS SAVING UP FOR AND IT WAS ONE OF THE LAST GIFTS SHE GAVE HIM BEFORE SHE DIED. SO WHEN SOMEONE STOLE IT FROM HIS HOME IN STEPHENVILLE CROSSING, NEWFOUNDLAND, HE WAS HEARTBROKEN. HIS FAMILY AND FRIENDS SEARCHED HIGH AND LOW AND COULD NOT FIND IT. BUT THEN TWO FAMOUS NEWFOUNDLANDERS THREW THEMSELVES INTO THE MIX AND TODAY THE 82-YEAR-OLD VETERAN GOT ANOTHER GIFT, THIS ONE UNEXPECTED. THAT IS OUR “MOMENT.” (*)>>I WAS REALLY JUST TRYING TO GET DAD’S GUITAR BACK FOR HIM BECAUSE, YOU KNOW, TO BE HONEST, NONE OF US HAVE A LOT OF MONEY TO KEEP REPLACING THINGS LIKE THAT FOR SURE.>>WHEN I FIRST HEARD ABOUT MR. SHEPPARD I THOUGHT RIGHT AWAY WE DON’T DO ENOUGH FOR OUR VETERANS. AND WE CAN’T DO ENOUGH FOR OUR VETERANS.>>EVERYTHING HAPPENED IN AN INSTANT. I WAS AT WORK AND THERE WERE TEXT MESSAGES AND NOTIFICATIONS COMING FROM EVERYWHERE.>>SO I PUT IT OUT ON TWITTER AND RIGHT AWAY MY FRIEND ALAN DOYLE SAYS I HAVE A GUITAR THAT I USED TO PLAY IN GREAT BIG SEA AND HE CAN HAVE THAT>>HE CALLED ME AND SAID THAT ALAN DOYLE COULD GIVE MY DAD HIS GUITAR.>>SO ALAN DOYLE, JUST LIKE SANTA COMING DOWN THE CHIMNEY, IS GOING TO DROP OFF THIS GUITAR TO HIM>>HE WROTE DAD A NOTE AND SENT . ME A PICTURE OF THE GUITAR IN THE CASE. AND HE HAS A NOTE ON TOP FOR MY DAD AND SO THAT’S REALLY GOOD. I KNOW THAT IT’S NOT THE SAME ONE AND IT’S NOT SPECIAL BECAUSE IT’S NOT FROM MOM BUT HE SAID IT’S EQUALLY SPECIAL NOW BECAUSE OF ALL OF THE PEOPLE HELPING ME OUT. NEWFOUNDLAND PEOPLE ARE THE BEST PEOPLE ON THE PLANET. I SAID IT BEFORE AND I SAY IT AGAIN.>>Adrienne: NOT ONLY THE BEST PEOPLE ON THE PLANET BUT THEY’RE ALSO THE FASTEST. THAT STORY ONLY WENT UP THIS MORNING AND THAT’S WHAT HAS HAPPENED IN THE FEW HOURS SINCE. YOU KNOW, THEY MENTIONED THERE THAT THERE WASN’T A LOT OF MONEY. HIS WIFE ROLLED COINS FOR YEARS TO SAVE MONEY FOR THAT GUITAR. HE WAS EMBARRASSED TO TELL HIS FAMILY THAT HE LOST IT BECAUSE HE WAS SO UPSET, BUT SOME STORIES END WELL. THAT IS “THE NATIONAL” FOR DECEMBER 14th. GOODNIGHT.

North Korea Nuclear Test: UNSC Response and Diplomatic Challenges


I think the main action initially is really
going to be through the U.N. Security Council and in fact we’ve already seen a strong statement
released earlier today condemning North Korea’s actions. What we don’t know yet is
whether or not that condemnation will lead to a stronger resolution that might be passed by the
Security Council and what specific implementation measures the Security Council might authorize
as really essentially punishment for North Korea’s defiance of past Security Council
resolutions. One thing about the Security Council resolutions that has been the
case in the past is that they’re necessary as a means by which to express disapproval, but
they’re clearly not sufficient in advancing our efforts to come to grips with the challenge
posed by North Korea’s nuclear program and its development and its continued development.
So I think that the really hard part of the puzzle surrounding North Korea at this point
for policy makers is figuring out where the space might be to fashion a strategy that
would actually prevent further development of the program. North Korea has
removed a lot of this space for diplomacy and response to the test by taking a rather strong and condition based approach to renewed diplomatic engagement. They’ve laid down their conditions
for what they would like to achieve in renewed diplomacy with the United States. Those conditions
are really not acceptable from a U.S. point of view. I think the most challenging and
difficult and sobering part of this is how do you bridge the gap that might enable diplomacy to be renewed alongside some of the coercive measures that the Security Council
will have to authorize.

US Government’s Secret Plan For A Zombie Apocalypse


Are you a fan of TV shows like The
Walking Dead if so I’m sure you’ve pondered this question before what if we
had a zombie outbreak well it’s not just you and your couch questioning this in
fact top US government officials in the Pentagon have also thought about this
and that’s why the United States Department of Defense made something
known as conop 8888 in 2011 I’m Charlie and today we’re going to look at the US
government’s secret plan for a zombie apocalypse first before we get infected
why not subscribe and press the notification bell – on the 30th of April
2011 the US Department of Defense released acorn on a strategic command
Corner is a concept operation this is basically with a military think of
events which could happen and prepare for them these are used in real-life
training sessions for the US military and of course are enacted in real life
if these events actually ever take place but this concept operation known as
conop 8888 is like no other that’s because it’s known as counter zombie
dominance this is a real-life white paper you can download which describes a
plan for defending against zombies the document depicts various scenarios of
potential zombie attacks and also provides military training and planning
inside the document zombies are described as horribly dangerous to all
human life they say zombie infections have the potential to seriously
undermine national security and economic activities and it says that having a
population composed of zombies is a big risk to the USA and its allies you may
think this is some kind of joke but in the report it actually says this plan is
not designed as a joke planners from the USS T or ATC om in Omaha Nebraska
planned this all out this organization employs personnel from all branches of
the military and national defense services this zombie plan was made to be
secret and it was for three years until a report by foreign policy made it
public in 2014 well it’s comprised of
five phases well it’s comprised of six phases phase zero is shape this phase is
how things are basically what it means is the US military needs to begin
training against zombies in phase zero no zombie outbreak has happened yet and
basically it’s the world we live in right now so technically we are in phase
zero as we speak but now let’s move into phase one known as deter this is when
the zombie outbreak begins the report says that unless these zombies are
controlled in some way by a nation state they cannot be reasoned with
and because of this the US military needs to get ready to defend itself from
zombies phase two is known as seized the initiative this is when things really
start to kick off the report says at phase two all military units need to be
able to deploy within 35 days troops will then begin to head out to the
infected areas and provide security and aid they are also quarantine the area to
make sure nothing goes in or out anyone who’s been infected and turned into a
zombie will be contained or may be taken out and if anyone is injured but hasn’t
been turned into a zombie they’ll be given medical aid and if one exists an
antidote to make sure they don’t become a zombie next moves on to Phase three
dominate this phase sounds kind of scary and that’s because it is the report says
they would need to control zombies through superior firepower
this basically means blasting the zombies to bits with all the weaponry
the USA has this includes any firearms tanks aircrafts or explosives if needed
the US military would also need to build shelter that would last up to forty days
if the worst-case scenario happened hopefully during phase three all zombies
would be taken out or at least they would be contained in an area so no one
else can get infected then would come phase four known as stabilized
stabilized in foals repeating steps two and three until everywhere is rendered
safe they would need to search for and destroy all remaining threats meaning
all zombies still live in apparently they would do this by deploying counter
b-team these would be elite teams of soldiers to weed out pockets of zombies
conop 8888 says zombie resistance pockets would spur all over the country
this is where small factions of zombies would congregate together and try and
gang up against the army for phase 4 to be complete all of these pockets of
zombies would need to be taken out then if they would move on to phase 5 restore
civil authority during this phase the zombie threat is gone but this does not
mean the damage hasn’t been very widespread the entire country and maybe
even the world will be a very different place
it may be totally destroyed and the US military would have to restore civil
authority this means they would end mob rule going on and they would make sure a
stable government is in place in the USA and around the world phase 5 the final
phase would very much be about rebuilding the world and there we go
that’s conop 8888 broken down phase by phase so it’s basically for US and
international law to regulate military operations as far as human and animal
life goes under this operation there would be no restriction on hostile
actions against pathogenic life-forms this includes zombies and robot entities
so maybe if AI robots take over the world
conop 8888 will come into play the report also says these operations will
not just be domestic in fact the report details how the entire world would need
to respond to the zombie outbreak and it also describes how the USA would
communicate and cooperate with its foreign allies and enemies but where
exactly these zombies coming from well the report actually does break this down
one example of zombies they say are pathogenic zombies these are basically
humans who turn into zombies via a virus this is sort of what you see
in movies and TV shows like The Walking Dead
they also detail robot style zombies this is kind of like all of the AI robot
terminators stuff we hear about in the news seeing as AI is growing more and
more powerful maybe this will become reality and they
also mention radiation zombies this is where zombified life is spread via
radiation maybe this could ever happen if there
was ever a nuclear explosion or a nuclear plant blast they even talk about
evil magic zombies brought out from a cult experimentation also Space zombies
created by aliens also weaponized zombies created by the USA’s enemies and
even vegetarian zombies similar to the game plants vs. zombies but if the
report mainly talks about pathogenic zombies which is spread through a virus
right now the government does not have an official stance on whether zombies
can be a possibility or not but conop 8888 does make a mention of chicken
zombies right now these are the only kind of zombies which have
scientifically been proven to exist in 2006 zombie chickens were seen crawling
out of piles of compost in California USA these were chickens who had passed
away but had come back to life thanks to a nearby power plant but just the
government knows something we don’t if not why would the Pentagon spend all
the money and time creating conop 8888 well they say it’s simply for
preparatory and training purposes but of course if we ever did have a zombie
outbreak this report would become reality and come into play so now you
can get prepared yourself and know how the government would respond if zombie
outbreak ever took place but now it’s time to make your voice heard vote in
the poll in the top right corner do you think they’ll ever be a zombie
apocalypse in real life if you want some more amazing videos why not check out my
second channel they’ll be linked to that on screen in a moment but as always
thanks for watching check out some more videos on screen right now leave a like
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Wiretapping the Secret Service can be easy and fun | Bryan Seely | TEDxKirkland


Translator: Araminta Dutta
Reviewer: Queenie Lee Last year, a hacker recorded over 40 calls to the Secret Service
and the FBI in one day, without anyone finding out. I think most people in here would agree
that that was a bad idea. People on Twitter
and the news talked about it, and some people even accused him
of being a fraud of a government agent. Some people called him a moron. My friends call me Bryan. (Laughter) The point is not
that sensational headline, albeit it is kind of sensational. It’s why I did what I did
and for why I’m here. Wiretapping the Secret Service
can be easy and fun. If you haven’t figured out
that that is satire, then we need to have
a whole other discussion. This was the front-page
article on Valleywag. It made it to KOMO
and a variety of different places. The reason all of this came up was because of this. What you see on the right is a common map search
for a local business – an auto-glass repair category. On the left – same search,
same city in Orange County – auto-glass repair. There are fake businesses
in these listings, and they look just like the real ones. There isn’t a person in this room who’d probably be able
to make an educated guess as to which one is which. On the left, there are six fake businesses
in the Google listings, and on Whitepages, anyone care …? Ten out of ten – they’re all fake. They’re all controlled by one person. This one person found a way to manipulate
the variety of local business systems, like Yelp, and Angie’s List, and Bing,
and especially Google Maps, which is the target. They have the most traffic,
they generate the most business – if you’re on Google, you’re set. So what happens? They bumped off
the original ten placeholders, and they no longer get the phone calls
they rightly deserve. This is a scam. This has been going on
since directories even started. Before the internet, there were
actually people in Yellow Pages doing the same thing
with alphabetical listings. They would all name their businesses
“AAA,” “AA,” “AAAA,” to get at the front of the category. People have always found
a way to game the system. Problem is now,
no one knows it’s happening, and it’s happening in every city,
in every country, every category that services
businesses and consumers, and there are over 50 major categories
that this is just epidemically bad. Another problem that’s actually
come to light recently is – What you might be familiar with
in a typical Google search is at the top, there’s a Google AdWords. These are the advertising results
that people in businesses have paid for. And what you see here,
and it’s a little blurry, my apologies, it says, “$15 locksmith service.
24 hours a day, 20 minute response time.” I don’t know a single locksmith in this country that will drive to you
and service you for $15 for any type of – They wouldn’t even give you
a handshake for $15. It’s not worth the gas,
it’s not worth the labor. This is bait and switch. It’s a very common thing
in fraud textbooks. It’s a price they have
absolutely no intention of fulfilling, and they will charge you through the nose
because you can’t afford not to pay them, or they’ve already done the service,
and then they use intimidation. You’re locked out of your car. It’s 11 o’clock at night. You’re in a bad neighborhood. They show up because you clicked
on an ad that said “$15 service,” and now it’s 350, and they make you go to the ATM
and pull money out. What if it’s your grandmother? Your wife? Your sister? This happens and it’s been in the media, but no one picks it up because this problem is so complex,
and big, and multijurisdictional, the FBI and the Secret Service
don’t want to touch it, the attorneys general; there are so many different pieces, and we have to start
at the original root of the problem. This man ran a business
called the Serbian Crown; this is in Wired magazine. Hackers who didn’t like him turned his business hours
for the weekend to nothing. They just deleted
his availability on the weekends, and it single-handedly killed his business
in less than a month. He had to shut his doors. He was open for two decades or more –
I think even longer. So I approached Google. I told them all of the different methods
that these guys are using – the exploits, the ways
that they beat the ranking systems – and I was pleasantly surprised
by them doing absolutely nothing. So I started creating some funny listings
to maybe get some social following, and this one was my personal favorite: the Snowden Super Secret Hiding Place
on the White House lawn. (Laughter) You can see why they chose that
for the main website image. So I walked into
the Secret Service office after recording phone calls. I didn’t have a lawyer with me. I had no idea what was going to happen
other than I kind of needed to be there because if I got caught, I think it arguably would have been
a first-class vacation to Guantanamo Bay, and although I was in the Marines, I don’t want to be reunited
with them there. (Laughter) And orange isn’t exactly my color. (Laughter) What I did was very simple. I created a very identical
Secret Service listing with a different phone number, and as you can see, this one at the top
has three reviews, 202 area code, this one has a 425 area code, same address, more pictures. I deleted their reviews
in less than five minutes, and I added reviews of my own
that were fake. Took less than 20 minutes,
beginning to end. The positions switched because mine suddenly
had more “hidden points,” which then meant anybody
who looked for the Secret Service, anywhere in the country
for this specific one, got mine, and that phone number forwarded to them, and I could record both sides
of the conversation without ever touching their systems. It’s not even technically hacking. It’s just stupid, really. (Laughter) You seem to think it’s a bad idea. Where were you? This was me waiting. (Laughter) Might never use a phone again,
so might as well take a selfie. (Laughter) While I was sitting
in the Secret Service office, waiting for the guys to show up, they walked out,
they all rolled their eyes. They all thought I was crazy because I’d just literally
called them and said, “Hi, I might have just recorded
a bunch of calls to you guys trying to prove something. Can I come in and show you?” “Oh yeah. Yeah, sure. Yeah, come on in.” It sounded crazy. So I’m standing there with the agents
in the Secret Service office right after I took those initial photos, and the agent goes, “Look, I don’t believe you. This isn’t really happening.” I said, “Okay. Do me a favor,
and I’ll prove this right now. Call the Secret Service office
in Washington, D.C., and I’ll prove it.” Pulls his phone out, says his name – He knew the guy on the other end. Maybe they were roommates at the academy,
if they even go to an academy. I don’t really know. (Laughter) Who does know, I mean, really? (Laughter) They hang up after about five minutes,
and I open my laptop. I push play, and it played back
the conversation I’d just heard, because he was standing next to me, and the full audio
of the guy we didn’t hear. And their eyes suddenly stopped rolling. And it got very quiet. And they handed me a statement saying,
“These are your Miranda rights. You are not under arrest
but we need to search you, and we would like you to accompany us
to the guest suite – (Laughter) this luxurious, closet-sized suite
with no windows, in which you’ll be staying
an undetermined amount of time. You’re not under arrest,
but we really don’t want you to leave.” (Laughter) Obviously, I was there of my own accord. Obviously, I was there
because this was the right thing to do, because there was
something bigger at stake, because there are people being affected, and so I took a risk. I took a risk of never
seeing my kids again. I took a risk of a misunderstanding. There have been people jailed
for far less, who are completely innocent. I didn’t have any criminal intent. I walked in immediately and went like,
“Ha ha ha, I’m sorry. I’m an idiot. And here you go. This is a problem, fix it.” They couldn’t ever
bring a case against me saying, “He was going to sell this.” The first people I called was them! While in the room,
they called Google and said, “Okay, he’s been telling you,” and they go, “Oh,
but we didn’t believe him,” and then … I don’t know whatever they were saying,
I wasn’t monitoring that call. (Laughter) What ended up happening was they said, “Delete the listings.
He needs to delete the listings,” and then the Secret Service said, “Google, shut it off
until you guys fix the problem,” and they said, “Okay, got it.” So they hung up,
and he walks in and goes, “You’re a hero for bringing
this to our attention not knowing what the results
would be against you. This is a national security problem. There were phone calls that had sensitive or potentially investigation-compromising
information on them.” I stopped listening –
I didn’t want to hear anymore. I didn’t want to be like, “Oh man,
like, President Nixon,” and, “He totally did something stupid.” (Laughter) “I’m going to end up in a bag in a river!
Why did I do this?” (Laughter) So they said fix it. Six weeks, Google shut off
phone verifications for new businesses. They shut off a lot of the little methods that I required to be able
to do this kind of thing. I thought it was fixed. Six weeks later, they turned it back on
with not a single change made. They had just paused. The news had died down. The Secret Service
had closed the investigation because when the Secret Service
tells you to do something, I think they’re pretty
used to people doing it. I mean, it’s not like, “Please put your hands up,
if you don’t mind,” and, “Would you mind not shooting
at the president, today?” Like, they don’t make requests,
they make demands because it’s a very clear,
black-and-white thing for them. The reason I know it’s still broken is because I built this
with no one’s permission on Northwest University’s
campus last week. The cell phone for that number – it’s in my dressing room. Postcard verification is required
to establish new business addresses. I obviously don’t get mail
at the university. I didn’t go. This was built yesterday. It’s a snowboarding shop
in the Oval Office called Edwards Snow Den. (Laughter) (Laughter) (Applause) Yeah, they didn’t fix the thing. Google lied to the Secret Service. They said they would fix it,
then turn it back on. They just waited
for the media to die down. What we can do now. I’m the authority on this subject. The largest tech publisher in the country let me write a book
that’s coming out in August. That book is designed
to raise awareness for all of the businesses
and all of the consumers – all of the victims of this horrible scam that people don’t even know is happening. All you know is your American dream
of owning your own home is slowly being taken from you, but you don’t even see the guy
who’s taking your money. You just got less calls last month. You can’t pay for your kid’s braces. Suddenly, you can’t make your mortgage. I’ve talked to well over
20 different people whose families all live
with their in-laws. They lost their business;
they lost their bond; they lost their insurance;
they lost their work truck. Whether it’s a locksmith
or a carpet cleaner, these are hardworking Americans. These are small business owners. They’re complaining to Google,
and Google’s going, “Nah, it’s not us.” They don’t have a chat support line. Their forums are just empty of admins. There’s nothing really going on
on Google’s end, and the worst thing is – Remember those advertisements
I was showing you? The scammers pay Google
for those ads by a click – every time they click. So when you click for that $15 service,
the scammer pays Google 25 bucks. Doesn’t make sense. If they were originally
going to charge 15, how can they spend more on the ad
than what they were going to bring in? Because they were never intending on that. Google knows they’re doing this because they just fought a lawsuit and got it dismissed under a law
that’s not designed for doing this. They’re hiding behind
their army of lawyers and their motto of “Don’t be evil,” and they’re cashing the check of the guys who are robbing
from the consumers and their clients. I don’t know a clearer way to say it. They’re happy to cash the check. They don’t want to fix the problem
because they’re making a lot of money. There are hundreds of thousands of these
fake businesses across the country. For example, you can fit, in one category, three to five auto-glass shops
in a city of 100,000 people or more. There are over 299 cities of over 100,000
population in the United States as of the 2013 census. How I know that is because I used to be working
with these kinds of scammers. I have detailed files from all of the different things
that they’ve done. They pay for bulk reviews written by professional
authors and writers – 20,000 bought at a time. They are so good at gaming the system that you are so ill-equipped
to even notice because you’re in a hurry. You’re not looking for a plumber because you might have
something wrong next week. Your basement’s full of water
and everyone’s going to drown. Call the plumber now; you don’t need to price check,
and they’re counting on it. Stop using Google for this product. Now, don’t get me wrong;
I love Google. I use their Gmail service, I love the way they invest –
clean energy, SpaceX, self-driving cars – they are a great company. This one piece is a cancer. It’s a blight, it’s a shame, and the way this stops is them going,
“Okay, we’re going to fix it. Let’s see what we can do
and make this right. Somebody’s making money
and somebody’s covering something up.” And until that day comes to light, I’m pretty good at being loud,
and I’m pretty good at being obnoxious, and I’m pretty good at getting away
with some really, really obnoxious stuff. If you want to go
and look those businesses up, they’re live on Google Maps, prominently displayed
for the whole world to see. So if you’re in the Oval Office
and you need a snowboarding shop, I might know a guy. (Laughter) Thank you. (Applause)

Can Texas Secede from the Union?


Can Texas Secede from the Union? America’s second most populated and second
largest state is always first to remind you that it was once an independent nation: The
Republic of Texas. Unlike California’s three-week, almost accidental
flirt with independence (and a hideous flag) the Republic of Texas was a real country with
its own presidents, and laws and currency for a decade from 1836 until 1846 when it
joined the Union to become the 28th state, thankfully evening out the number of stars. This happy marriage led pretty much immediately
to the Mexican-American war over the question of over how big Texas was. America, as the
victor, got to decide the answer: very big. While Texas gave up its complete independence
to join The Union, it didn’t give up its independent streak — and filed for divorce, along with
several other states, a scant 15 years later. This domestic dispute was settled not with
flowers but with force, something that many are still grumbly about today. But History aside in modern times could Texas
still be a real country? In other words: could Texas succeed if it secedes? In terms of population, an independent Texas
would be the world’s 46th largest country with 26 million citizens. And, those citizens
would make Texas the 13th largest economy. So the New Texas Republic would be comparable
to Australia, except in the size department. But what about the Federal money that goes
to Texas? Those interstate highways don’t build themselves, you know. For a majority
of states, independence would be a financial problem. Mississippi, for example get two
dollars from Washington for every one it sends in taxes so an independent Magnolia Republic
would be bankrupt almost instantly. But not Texas, which gives more money to the
federal government in taxes than it gets back. There’s no reason why independent Texas couldn’t
keep those highways paved *and* give its citizens a small happy-Texapendency-day Tax cut. So from a financial perspective: The New Texas
Republic gets a check. Now the question is can Texas legally secede?
And the answer is… no… not at all. Despite popular belief, even by politicians
who should know better, the Texas constitution does not include a get-out-of-The-Union-free
clause no matter how much Texans, or citizens of other states, wish that it did. However, the Texas Constitution does have
a weird clause that allows it to divide itself into five states without the approval of congress.
So Texas could, any moment, explode into the states perhaps named North Texas, South Texas,
East Texas, West Texas and Austin — which would quintuple its power in the Senate — but
not necessarily help it gain independence because there is no legal process for a state
to exit The Union. Though the constitution is mute on the issue,
secession has come before the supreme court and, shockingly, the Supreme Court of the
United States decided that States can’t leave the United States. But the legal question is, weirdly sort of
moot. After all, the First Texas Republic didn’t pop into existence out of nowhere — Texas
was originally a State of Mexico, which didn’t allow Texas to leave, but leave Texas did
anyway, though under less than harmonious circumstances. While it’s hard to imagine war between the
New Texas Republic and the United States it isn’t hard to imagine who would win that fight.
Texas does have its own military, but seriously, nobody beats America in the war business. So the only way Texas is leaving is if it
can convince the United States to change its laws to let it leave. Which only as a chance
of being discussed seriously if a majority of Texans want independence, which isn’t remotely
the case. So while a New Texas Republic is interesting
to think about — particularly for some non-Texans, as of now it’s a long way from becoming a
reality.