How Should Men Sit? Legs Open Or Closed | Crossed Vs Straight Leg Body Language Signals


5 Leg Sitting Positions And The Message They
Send [0:00:00]
Pop quiz. How do you place your legs when you take a
seat? Never thought about it? Most people don’t and that can be an issue
because the way you place your legs, the way you positioned them can have an effect on
how people perceive you, how you actually think and if you’re not controlling the
message in a negotiation, in a big meeting, in an interview, that can be an issue. In today’s video, I’m going to talk about
the five most common seated leg positions, the message they send, and how you can control
that message. [Music]
Now, as I mentioned there were five general ways that we position our legs whenever we’re
seated. I’m going to take these five ways I’m
going to break them into two categories. Category one is where our legs are straight
in front of us. Category two is where we’ve got crossing
of our legs in three variations. So, first off let’s start with category
one. The first seated leg position I want to talk
about is the knees together position. This is where your legs are out straight in
front of you, you knees are about 2 to 10 inches apart. Now, what’s interesting about this one is
for most men, this is a learned sitting position, not a natural one because as men we’ve got
something in between our legs, we are built in a way that this is not natural, we need
a bit more room. But, let’s say you grew up in a city, you
travel a lot on an airplane, you don’t like to touch people, you are constantly trying
to minimize your space. When you do that, you build up a habit of
sitting in this position. Now, what does this signal to other people? When you try to minimize your space you come
off as weaker. Also, it can make you look more close and
it does for some people have that effect of just simply closing them off. I find for most men this is not a good seated
position simply it’s uncomfortable, it doesn’t feel great, I feel like I’m crushing myself,
so I know I try to avoid this. Now, the next seated leg position I’m going
to talk about is the spread-knee position and this is where your legs, again, are in
front of you, your knees are apart by 10 to 24 inches this time. Now, this is a natural sitting position for
most men and I love this sitting position because I think it’s right for most men
in most situations. Why? Because of the message that you send others
and that you send and you reinforce with yourself which is one of strength, power, dominance,
and status. In addition, the message you’re sending
yourself is I am relax I am open to the conversation with others. Now, don’t take this to an extreme. Don’t take up three seats on a subway whenever
there’s pregnant woman and older guy over who need a seat. Simply look around, show other people respect,
but I do think in general that men should not be forced to close in on themselves because
it also closes up their mind. But when you can sit in a position that you’re
comfortable and you take up your natural amount of space, that’s I think the optimum sitting
position for most men. All right. So, we’re through with keeping your leg
straight. Now, let’s talk about crossing your legs. In general guys, the one thing I want you
to remember when you cross your legs is that you do send the signal of closing yourself
off. So, in the support article which I’m going
to link to down in the description, I’m going to talk about a study in which they
looked at 2,000 negotiations and what they saw on the study was that none of the people
that reached an amicable solution of these 2,000 had their legs crossed. Now, I don’t know if that actually caused
it or what, you know, how that was all related, but I did find that very interesting. So, I invite you to go check out that support
article. So, the third leg position I’m going to
be talking about in the first crossed-leg position is the leg over leg position. Some people call this the European leg over
leg position. Supposedly it is more common over in Europe. It is again a learned behavior. One of the issues with the leg over leg, me
personally, I think it’s incredibly uncomfortable. Another issue with this is the message it
sends. This shows basically that you are protecting
yourself, that you are going to – and it forces you also to usually pull yourself back
like this, it shows that you’re listening, but you are – you’re making a judgment
you are – you’re aback, you a removed from the situation. Understand of all the leg positions, this
one right here shows that you’re the most closed off. The fourth seated leg position I want to talk
about is the figure 4 leg lock position. Yes, I know that sounds like a cool wrestling
move. Very common in North America, so it also is
called the American leg lock position and there are two variations. There’s the variations when you just had
the ankle up on your knee and also the clasp variation. Whenever you reach up and you’ve got your
hands up on your ankle in front of you as well. And it shows basically for many people this
is going to be the most open of all the crossed-leg positions basically because you’re showing
and you’re exposing yourself saying, hey, I’m open I’m here, very relaxed. This one also sends a strong signal of status
of dominance of power. The issue I have with this cross legged position
is some people view it as basically you are aloof, that you are listening just because
you have to be there. Also, in some cultures showing the bottom
of your foot is a no-no, so be aware of that as well. [0:05:12]
The fifth seated leg position I’m going to talk about today is the ankle lock position. And this is basically where one of your ankles
is over the other. For some people this is very comfortable,
for most people this is unconscious that they get into this position. So, the interesting thing about the ankle
lock position is it unconsciously reveal sometimes what a person is thinking. Now, you need to know what that person’s
baseline body language and behavior is, but for many people it can be a sign of nervousness,
something that they’re scared that they’re closed off for some reason. You can be talking with somebody and you can
pick up that, okay, they’re bouncing their foot, they’ve got their ankles crossed,
maybe they’re in a sense protecting themselves or they’re thinking about something their
mind isn’t there. So, this one is very interesting and going
back to that negotiation study I talked about, this has been shown actually if it’s not
part of your baseline that you are closing yourself off that it does have an effect on
your mindset, you’re not going to be as open to what other people are saying. All right, gentlemen now it’s your turn. I want to hear from you down in the comments
what you think of this video? How could I make this better? What do you think of me bringing body language
videos here to the channel at Real Men Real Style? Oh, and by the way, if you have a particular
type of seated leg position and you’re curious is it common, what do most people do, this
is my default. Well, go over to the support article at Real
Men Real Style, I’m going to put it down in the description. I’m going to have it set so you can vote
and then you’ll be able to see the results of that poll and you’ll be able to say,
hey, actually 30% of us do it this way, 40% of us sit this way, or I’m part of the 10%
which actually positions my legs in this manner. Now, again, gents, I’m not going to say
there’s a right or wrong way, but what I do think is wrong is when you’re not controlling
the message, when you’re sabotaging yourself, when you’re shooting yourself in the foot
and maybe you’re coming off as closed, as not listening, but you are listening. So, make sure that your body language, the
way that you dress, all of these sends the message that you want to send. Gentlemen, that’s it. Take care. I’ll see you in the next video. Now, be sure to sign up of e-mail notifications. That way you can watch my videos when they
first come out. Now, sometimes I offer exclusive deals that
are time-sensitive, so make sure that you never miss out on one by being part of the
early notification squad. [Music]
[0:07:46] End of Audio

Brexit | Deville | SRF Comedy


Dear people from the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, this is a message from Switzerland. Very soon you quit your long bond with the European Union. You will have to start all over again. Without any friends and completely on your own. You know what that means. Exactly! Welcome back on the market. Outside the EU you can do whatever you want. Like selling food filled with nothing than air, eat chocolate until your mouth bleeds or kick sheep in their butt. It’s a lot of fun. That’s why we from Switzerland never joined in the first place. So let’s become friends and build our own union. The EUNEUM. The European Union of Non European Union Members. We could have our own flag. With a sheep on it. And a cow. A bagpipe more instruments, a funny hat and stars. A lot of stars. Let’s create our own currency. You have the pound, we have Fränkli. Let’s make “The Pfünderli“. It will be the cleanest money on earth. Your bankers wash it. Our banks hide it! Switzerland and UK (Great Britain) – we are made for each other You always keep calm, so do we. You have teatime. We have cheesetime. We love to put our trunks in the sun. You love to put your drunks in the sun. You put alcohol in barrels. So do we! You have surveillance cameras. We have Sozialdetektive. You leave with Brexit, we leave with Exit. We have Shaqiri. You have also, Shaqiri. You have the prince of Wales, we have the prince of Wallis. You have a queen. We have a king. He also loves to wave his hand. You have James Bond. We have Roger Federer. He wins every fight wears expensive watches and has a great secret service! You might know him from: «Quantum of Rolex». «The Worldtour is not enough», «Goldbringer», or «Moonracket». Movies so good, even Roger will cry. So, let’s partner up. You teach our politicians how to speak your language. We teach you how to sell weapons to homicidal princes And don’t worry. If you don’t like our new union, you can always leave it. Because, that’s what unions are made for – oder?

ENGLISH SPEECH | STEVEN SPIELBERG: Follow Your Intuition (English Subtitles)


Thank you, thank you, President Faust, and
Paul Choi, thank you so much. It’s an honor and a thrill to address this
group of distinguished alumni and supportive friends and kvelling parents. We’ve all gathered to share in the joy of
this day, so please join me in congratulating Harvard’s Class of 2016. I can remember my own college graduation,
which is easy, since it was only 14 years ago. How many of you took 37 years to graduate? Because, like most of you, I began college
in my teens, but sophomore year, I was offered my dream job at Universal Studios, so I dropped
out. I told my parents if my movie career didn’t
go well, I’d re-enroll. It went all right. But eventually, I returned for one big reason. Most people go to college for an education,
and some go for their parents, but I went for my kids. I’m the father of seven, and I kept insisting
on the importance of going to college, but I hadn’t walked the walk. So, in my fifties, I re-enrolled at Cal State
— Long Beach, and I earned my degree. I just have to add: It helped that they gave
me course credit in paleontology for the work I did on Jurassic Park. That’s three units for Jurassic Park, thank
you. Well I left college because I knew exactly
what I wanted to do, and some of you know, too — but some of you don’t. Or maybe you thought you knew but are now
questioning that choice. Maybe you’re sitting there trying to figure
out how to tell your parents that you want to be a doctor and not a comedy writer. Well, what you choose to do next is what we
call in the movies the ‘character-defining moment.’ Now, these are moments you’re very familiar
with, like in the last Star Wars: The Force Awakens, when Rey realizes the force is with
her. Or Indiana Jones choosing mission over fear
by jumping over a pile of snakes. Now in a two-hour movie, you get a handful
of character-defining moments, but in real life, you face them every day. Life is one strong, long string of character-defining
moments. And I was lucky that at 18 I knew what I exactly
wanted to do. But I didn’t know who I was. How could I? And how could any of us? Because for the first 25 years of our lives,
we are trained to listen to voices that are not our own. Parents and professors fill our heads with
wisdom and information, and then employers and mentors take their place and explain how
this world really works. And usually these voices of authority make
sense, but sometimes, doubt starts to creep into our heads and into our hearts. And even when we think, ‘that’s not quite
how I see the world,’ it’s kind of easier to just to nod in agreement and go along,
and for a while, I let that going along define my character. Because I was repressing my own point of view,
because like in that Nilsson song, ‘Everybody was talkin’ at me, so I couldn’t hear
the echoes of my mind.’ And at first, the internal voice I needed
to listen to was hardly audible, and it was hardly noticeable — kind of like me in high
school. But then I started paying more attention,
and my intuition kicked in. And I want to be clear that your intuition
is different from your conscience. They work in tandem, but here’s the distinction:
Your conscience shouts, ‘here’s what you should do,’ while your intuition whispers,
‘here’s what you could do.’ Listen to that voice that tells you what you
could do. Nothing will define your character more than
that. Because once I turned to my intuition, and
I tuned into it, certain projects began to pull me into them, and others, I turned away
from. Related: Sheryl Sandberg Commencement Speech,
University of California at Berkeley, May 2016 (Transcript) And up until the 1980s, my movies were mostly,
I guess what you could call ‘escapist.’ And I don’t dismiss any of these movies
— not even 1941. Not even that one. And many of these early films reflected the
values that I cared deeply about, and I still do. But I was in a celluloid bubble, because I’d
cut my education short, my worldview was limited to what I could dream up in my head, not what
the world could teach me. But then I directed The Color Purple. And this one film opened my eyes to experiences
that I never could have imagined, and yet were all too real. This story was filled with deep pain and deeper
truths, like when Shug Avery says, ‘Everything wants to be loved.’ My gut, which was my intuition, told me that
more people needed to meet these characters and experience these truths. And while making that film, I realized that
a movie could also be a mission. I hope all of you find that sense of mission. Don’t turn away from what’s painful. Examine it. Challenge it. My job is to create a world that lasts two
hours. Your job is to create a world that lasts forever. You are the future innovators, motivators,
leaders and caretakers. And the way you create a better future is
by studying the past. Jurassic Park writer Michael Crichton, who
graduated from both this college and this medical school, liked to quote a favorite
professor of his who said that if you didn’t know history, you didn’t know anything. You were a leaf that didn’t know it was
part of a tree. So history majors: Good choice, you’re in
great shape…Not in the job market, but culturally. The rest of us have to make a little effort. Social media that we’re inundated and swarmed
with is about the here and now. But I’ve been fighting and fighting inside
my own family to get all my kids to look behind them, to look at what already has happened. Because to understand who they are is to understand
who were were, and who their grandparents were, and then, what this country was like
when they emigrated here. We are a nation of immigrants — at least
for now. So to me, this means we all have to tell our
own stories. We have so many stories to tell. Talk to your parents and your grandparents,
if you can, and ask them about their stories. And I promise you, like I have promised my
kids, you will not be bored. And that’s why I so often make movies based
on real-life events. I look to history not to be didactic, ‘cause
that’s just a bonus, but I look because the past is filled with the greatest stories
that have ever been told. Heroes and villains are not literary constructs,
but they’re at the heart of all history. And again, this is why it’s so important
to listen to your internal whisper. It’s the same one that compelled Abraham
Lincoln and Oskar Schindler to make the correct moral choices. In your defining moments, do not let your
morals be swayed by convenience or expediency. Sticking to your character requires a lot
of courage. And to be courageous, you’re going to need
a lot of support. And if you’re lucky, you have parents like
mine. I consider my mom my lucky charm. And when I was 12 years old, my father handed
me a movie camera, the tool that allowed me to make sense of this world. And I am so grateful to him for that. And I am grateful that he’s here at Harvard,
sitting right down there. My dad is 99 years old, which means he’s
only one year younger than Widener Library. But unlike Widener, he’s had zero cosmetic
work. And dad, there’s a lady behind you, also
99, and I’ll introduce you after this is over, okay? But look, if your family’s not always available,
there’s backup. Near the end of It’s a Wonderful Life — you
remember that movie, It’s a Wonderful Life? Clarence the Angel inscribes a book with this:
“No man is a failure who has friends.” And I hope you hang on to the friendships
you’ve made here at Harvard. And among your friends, I hope you find someone
you want to share your life with. I imagine some of you in this yard may be
a tad cynical, but I want to be unapologetically sentimental. I spoke about the importance of intuition
and how there’s no greater voice to follow. That is, until you meet the love of your life. And this is what happened when I met and married
Kate, and that became the greatest character-defining moment of my life. Love, support, courage, intuition. All of these things are in your hero’s quiver,
but still, a hero needs one more thing: A hero needs a villain to vanquish. And you’re all in luck. This world is full of monsters. And there’s racism, homophobia, ethnic hatred,
class hatred, there’s political hatred, and there’s religious hatred. As a kid, I was bullied — for being Jewish. This was upsetting, but compared to what my
parents and grandparents had faced, it felt tame. Because we truly believed that anti-Semitism
was fading. And we were wrong. Over the last two years, nearly 20,000 Jews
have left Europe to find higher ground. And earlier this year, I was at the Israeli
embassy when President Obama stated the sad truth. He said: ‘We must confront the reality that
around the world, anti-Semitism is on the rise. We cannot deny it.’ My own desire to confront that reality compelled
me to start, in 1994, the Shoah Foundation. And since then, we’ve spoken to over 53,000
Holocaust survivors and witnesses in 63 countries and taken all their video testimonies. And we’re now gathering testimonies from
genocides in Rwanda, Cambodia, Armenia and Nanking. Because we must never forget that the inconceivable
doesn’t happen — it happens frequently. Atrocities are happening right now. And so we wonder not just, ‘When will this
hatred end?’ but, ‘How did it begin?’ Now, I don’t have to tell a crowd of Red
Sox fans that we are wired for tribalism. But beyond rooting for the home team, tribalism
has a much darker side. Instinctively and maybe even genetically,
we divide the world into ‘us’ and ‘them.’ So the burning question must be: How do all
of us together find the ‘we?’ How do we do that? There’s still so much work to be done, and
sometimes I feel the work hasn’t even begun. And it’s not just anti-Semitism that’s
surging — Islamophobia’s on the rise, too. Because there’s no difference between anyone
who is discriminated against, whether it’s the Muslims, or the Jews, or minorities on
the border states, or the LGBT community — it is all big one hate. And to me, and, I think, to all of you, the
only answer to more hate is more humanity. We gotta repair — we have to replace fear
with curiosity. ‘Us’ and ‘them’ — we’ll find the
‘we’ by connecting with each other. And by believing that we’re members of the
same tribe. And by feeling empathy for every soul — even
Yalies. My son graduated from Yale, thank you … But make sure this empathy isn’t just something
that you feel. Make it something you act upon. That means vote. Peaceably protest. Speak up for those who can’t and speak up
for those who may be shouting but aren’t being hard. Let your conscience shout as loud as it wants
if you’re using it in the service of others. And as an example of action in service of
others, you need to look no further than this Hollywood-worthy backdrop of Memorial Church. Its south wall bears the names of Harvard
alumni — like President Faust has already mentioned — students and faculty members,
who gave their lives in World War II. All told, 697 souls, who once tread the ground
where stand now, were lost. And at a service in this church in late 1945,
Harvard President James Conant — which President Faust also mentioned — honored the brave
and called upon the community to ‘reflect the radiance of their deeds.’ Seventy years later, this message still holds
true. Because their sacrifice is not a debt that
can be repaid in a single generation. It must be repaid with every generation. Just as we must never forget the atrocities,
we must never forget those who fought for freedom. So as you leave this college and head out
into the world, continue please to ‘reflect the radiance of their deeds,’ or as Captain
Miller in Saving Private Ryan would say, “Earn this.” And please stay connected. Please never lose eye contact. This may not be a lesson you want to hear
from a person who creates media, but we are spending more time looking down at our devices
than we are looking in each other’s eyes. So, forgive me, but let’s start right now. Everyone here, please find someone’s eyes
to look into. Students, and alumni and you too, President
Faust, all of you, turn to someone you don’t know or don’t know very well. They may be standing behind you, or a couple
of rows ahead. Just let your eyes meet. That’s it. That emotion you’re feeling is our shared
humanity mixed in with a little social discomfort. But, if you remember nothing else from today,
I hope you remember this moment of human connection. And I hope you all had a lot of that over
the past four years. Because today you start down the path of becoming
the generation on which the next generation stands. And I’ve imagined many possible futures
in my films, but you will determine the actual future. And I hope that it’s filled with justice
and peace. And finally, I wish you all a true, Hollywood-style
happy ending. I hope you outrun the T. rex, catch the criminal
and for your parents’ sake, maybe every now and then, just like E.T.: Go home. Thank you.

Trump defends Tulsi Gabbard, Jill Stein in ‘Hannity’ exclusive


ANYMORE. BECAUSE THAT LEVEL WAS SO GOOD. THEY DON’T TALK ABOUT ANYMORE, SEAN. THE REASON THEY DON’T TALK ABOUT IT, THERE IS NOTHING TO TALK ABOUT. SPENT THE REASON, THE NEXT THING YOU SAY THOUGH, I THINK, MAKES YOUR POINT. YOU SAY AS YOU SAW YESTERDAY, THE WHOLE NONSENSE ENDED WITH A POOR PERFORMANCE BY A MAN NAMED ROBERT MUELLER, INCOMPETENT PERFORMANCE BUT THEY SAY A LOT OF IT STARTED WITH UKRAINE. WHATEVER YOU DO, IT IS IMPORTANT.>>President Trump: AND IT DID, IT ENDED WITH A POOR PERFORMANCE AND THIS IS AFTER TWO YEARS OF AN INVESTIGATION WHETHER $45 MILLION OR SOMETHING LIKE THAT, THEY HAD 2,500 SUBPOENAS, 500 WITNESSES, ALL BECAUSE PROBABLY HILLARY CLINTON SAID JUST LIKE SHE DID WITH TULSI GABBARD, JUST LIKE SHE DID WITH JILL STEIN, SHE SAID “JILL STEIN IS A RUSSIAN ASSET. NOW COME I DON’T KNOW JILL STEIN. I KNOW A ENVIRONMENTALIST AND PROBABLY A GOOD WOMAN BUT THE LESSON SHE HAS A RUSSIAN ASSET. I DON’T KNOW TULSI GABBARD BUT I KNOW WHEN THINK SHE IS NOT AN ASSET OF RUSSIA. THESE PEOPLE ARE SICK. THERE WAS SOMETHING WRONG WITH THEM.>>Sean: I WANT TO SHOW YOU THIS AND WE WILL PUT IT UP ON THE SCREEN FOR PEOPLE AT HOME. UKRAINIAN EFFORTS TO SABOTAGE TRUMP BACKFIRE. THIS WAS JANUARY 11, 2017. YOU WERE INAUGURATED. THIS ARTICLE TALKS ABOUT HOW UKRAINE WORKED WITH HILLARY TO INFLUENCE THE ELECTIONS. THEY GIVE CHAPTER AND VERSE HOW THEY DID IT. NOW, AS THE PRESIDENT, DO YOU FEEL THERE WAS — YOU SPENT TWO AND HALF YEARS WITH RUSSIAN COLLUSION AND IGNORE THE DOSSIER IN UKRAINE ADMITTING THAT THEY HELPED HILLARY.>>President Trump: THE DOSSIER WAS A DISGRACE. THE DOSSIER WAS TOTALLY FAKE. NOW IT HAS BEEN PROVEN TO BE FAKE. PEOPLE, YOU KNOW HOW THAT WAS DONE. YOU HAVE A TRACK RECORD NOW AND YOU KNOW AS WELL AS EVERYBODY THEY ARE DOING AN INVESTIGATION, BUT I THINK BEFORE YOU DO THE INVESTIGATION, SO THEY DO A FAKE DOSSIER ON ME. THEY TRIED TO RELEASE IT BEFORE THE ELECTION TO AFFECT THE ELECTION. I DON’T KNOW HOW THEY DID. IT’S THE ONLY THING I RESPECT ABOUT THE PROCESS IS THEY REFUSED TO PUT IT IN BEFORE THE ELECTION BECAUSE IT COULD HAVE HAD A LITTLE IMPACT. MAYBE IT COULD HAVE HAD A LITTLE MORE THAN THE IMPACT. THEY DO A FAKE DOSSIER THAT WAS PROBABLY MEANT TO GET OUT BEFORE THE ELECTION SO THAT THEY COULD AFFECT THE ELECTIONS. AND LOOK AT THE PEOPLE THAT WROTE IT. LOOK AT WHERE THEY CAME FROM. AND LOOK AT THE WIFE OF THE MAN WHO WORKS, I WON’T EVEN MENTION NAMES, AT THE DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE.

Rose Valland Takes On the Nazis (feat. Tiffany Haddish) – Drunk History


– Back in the day
when I used to date
drug dealers
and gang bangers, I make a dude color
and if you stay in the lines, you know what I’m saying?
– That’s–[laughs] – You know, one of ’em
hit me up from jail and he was like, you know,
my most happiest memory of being free is when
you invite me to your place and I thought I was
gonna hit it, and I’m coloring in this book.
I had this coloring book. [both laughing] The whole messed up thing
about it is, I never did get to hit it.
I was like, ’cause you was
outside the lines, homie. – [laughs]
– Outside the lines. Hi.
Hello. [laughs] I’m Tiffany Haddish, and today
we’re gonna talk about Rose Valland. [slurps] ♪ She ready ♪So, it’s France,
October 1940.
Rose Valland,
the assistant curator
with the Jeu de Paume Museum,she’s like,
you know what I know?
Art.Then all of a sudden, boom.
Nazis everywhere.They took over the museum
like, this our spot!
This where we ‘gon be at!
Ayy!
[laughs]
She’s like, oh, shoot,
it’s Germans everywhere.And what they doing is,
robbing the French Jewsand now they storing all
this stolen art up in there.
And you know why?
You know why? – Hm.
– Do you know why? Let me tell you why.
Because Hitlerwas like a proclaimed artistand he tried
to get into this school.
He was denied because
he couldn’t stay in the lines. – Uh-oh.
– He told his boys,y’all go out there
and y’all get all the artwork.
Now, if it’s German art,
it’s good,
but if it ain’t German art,
burn that shit up.
‘Cause Hitler was mad
’cause he didn’t to get in to the university. ‘Cause you mad you didn’t get
to get in to school. My [bleep] wet.
Don’t worry about it. – [laughs]
– But, Rose is like,the dopest spy.
They up there talking…
[imitates German]They didn’t know
she spoke German.
She like this,
hmm.Taking notes.
Taking notes. Taking notes.
Okay?
So, uh…
different people that worked
under Hitler
would show up
to the museum often.
Like his main man.His name was
Hermann Goring, right?
Now, Hermann, you know,
he so ratchet.– [laughs]
– He like, gimme.
That’s the best!
Run me that!
Run me that right there.
Ooh, that’s nice.
Hey, hey, hey,
give me something to drink.
Bring me some champagne
up in here
while I’m in here picking
the best art.
And Rose would be like…[in French accent]
I don’t know why
these [bleep] are here.
He’s so lazy.
[normal]
Why you even wanna tell me
where you stole it from?Do you know who I am?I’ma–I’ma–
I’ma tell er’body.
She go get the wine
and Hermann be like,
Oh…
[slurps] Magnifique! This is a–
Oh, no, wait, no. He was German.
He be like…[slurps][imitates German]
Delicious!
– [laughs]
– Right? You know. [laughs]
Wait, hold up.
I’m toasted. I’m sorry.
– How you feel? – I feel…fantastic. – [laughs] – Anyways, they would loadthese pieces of art up
on the train.
The Nazis
was putting a lot of stuff
down in these deep,
dark caves.
You hiding stuff in caves?You hiding…freaking…van Goghs in a coal mine?That’s disrespectful.And Rose would be like,
I’ma memorize this.
I’m “memorinizing”
all of it.
Sounding ghetto as hell.
– [laughs]
[both laughing] Did you know I was Jewish?
– I didn’t until tonight. – ‘Cause my father’s Jewish, but my mama’s
a Jehovah’s Witness. So I’m a JewJo. [both laugh] So, uh, it’s December 1944,James Rorimer shows uptrying to holla at Rose.Rose,
I know you know everything.
I need you to get me
all the information
that you have.
Where are all the treasures.
She’s like,
I don’t know you like that.
Who is you?He’s like, I’m James Rorimer.I’m with the Monuments Men.Now this was a collection
of men and womens
who went out to save the
existence of their culture.
Rose, she was dope.
She was like, boom.I got these
addresses right here.
Check this out.
They would stop trains,
they would go to salt mines,they was knocking–
knocking people out. Some people died,
some people lived,but the art was saved.She saved like over
60,000 pieces of culture.
She’s a heroine.[epic music]And then finally Rose is like,
go to Hermann Goring’s house.
Sent him over there, boom.$200 million worthof treasures, culture, art.She hooked that up,and Hermann Goring
was pissed as hell at her.
Like, I can’t believe
she snitched on me!
And when she was bringing me
all these
glasses of champagne.And then Rose does the Nay Nay.Eh!
[laughs]
But he couldn’t do
nothing about it,’cause now
he a prisoner of war.
And Hitler killed himself…they say.I think he hanging out
with Tupac.[hip-hop music][laughing] [both laughing]♪ ♪

08/22/17 DigiRef Academy Politics and Government Participating in YOUR Democracy


Rollins: Okay. So I just started out saying
I’m so grateful to be here today to talk to you about
politics and government because it’s something
that affects our daily lives, and also the lives
of our patrons. And it’s so overwhelming
sometimes to find sites for them that can help them, you know, become more
literate about politics, about our government,
about voting. And so today I want to show you
how to, first of all, communicate that
in a digital environment because, let’s face it, a lot of
our users connect with us digitally over chat. Some of them don’t come in
to the library as much as they used to, or if they do come in to the
library, how can we help them? It all works. What I’m going to
show you today, it all works together
for both situations. So, you know, it’s really hard
to become literate about this topic because it changes so quickly, and, you know,
trying to find the resources to support answering
these questions. So today we’re just going
to talk a little bit about basic terminology. This is not going to be
a government class. I promise. Why we should focus
on politics and government. Why does it matter to us
and our patrons. How should we provide
this information? And then, what are some
typical questions? For instance, one of the things
I like to do if I do this in person is cut up all the questions on
to little slips of paper, and what I do is I kind of call
it final jeopardy where one person
is the librarian and one person is the patron, and you actually just go
into a chat environment and you try
to answer the question. That’s the absolute
best practice, and I actually do that on line
with my students when I teach this class,
Digital Reference. So something to think about. So how can we become effective with political and government
digital reference? We’re going to talk and spend
a quite a bit of time on how you can be effective
at chatting on this topic. We’ll talk a little bit about
the digital reference cycle. Of course, you know,
where would we be without the reference interview,
and, you know, it’s so important to be able
to do this effectively. And in 22 years, you know,
I think, you know, I’ve become great at it, but depending on the question sometimes
I still struggle as well. And what kind of ways…
what kind of things can you do to help yourself when you
struggle with these questions. And then we’ll move
to the types of resources. This is a huge topic
and I have a lot of sources, and we’re not going to
go into them deeply, but my strategy for you
is to expose you to these because if you’re like me, you know,
until I made this presentation, I didn’t have a lot of time,
obviously, to look at all these sites
all the time. So I want you to have
these resources, you know, pick the ones
that speak most to you that are going to help most
to your patrons, and keep those kind of
in your back pocket or in a cheat sheet
or, you know, maybe in a LibGuide
or something like that. That’s kind of
the strategy for this. So that’s our agenda today. So let’s get started with
some basic terminology. So just to review in case
it’s been a long time since you’ve had
your government class, and it’s been ages for me… So what do we mean by
government politics and policy. So government is actually
kind of the mechanism. So you think about the
institutions like Congress. You think about the people. What are the rules, you know, what governing documents
do we have? What’s the structure? And then you talk
about the politics, and this is where it can
get messy sometimes. This is the process,
the negotiations, the give-and-take, the
compromise, what people believe. It’s everything, right? And then also the policy. These are the laws
that we are subjected to. Subjected to sounds
kind of scary but, you know, this is
the result of the process. It’s the procedure
and it involves values. So just a very quick review of
what we’re talking about today. So why do politics matter? And I would like,
if you have a second, please in the chat box type why you think politics
and government are important. This should be really
obvious to you. Let me see if I can change
my volume a little bit here. Is that better? Absolutely, John. It affects our lives.
Yeah. It’s what we can and can’t do. It affects environment,
business, health, taxes, spending, and people feel
very passionate about it. Oh, it’s still not loud enough. Give me just a second. Sorry about that. Is that better? Okay.
Thank you. Sorry, there must be an
adjustment somewhere I missed. So I really like this. This is just something I found on the Internet
by John Garrecht, and he talks about, you know,
why do we argue about politics? You know, sex, drugs, rock
and roll, politics, religion… Why do we argue
about these things? And it’s because
it really matters. These are things
that matter to us. And like someone said,
you can’t complain if you don’t participate. But I think it can be
overwhelming to our patrons to participate if we don’t know
what is going on, if we don’t know
what is fact or fiction. You know, and how can you get
to some of the ways to figure that out? How can you figure out
what is going on? And it’s a struggle for me
as well sometimes to figure out, well, what does that
candidate believe? What are they actually going
to do if they get into office? Those kinds of things.
Okay. So where do we come in? And so we talked earlier
a little bit about, you know, the government, politics, policy
and what those things are. And those are linked by,
of course, things like elections, political parties,
of course the media. You know, public opinion,
interest groups. And so where do
librarians come in? And we’re kind of that linkage
between the people and the media
between the elections. And so that’s our role is to
kind of try to help our patrons become more literate
about the issues, where they need to vote, all
those different kinds of things. And so that’s kind of
where we come in. So one of the things
that can help you provide better political and government
services and information is to actually know
your community. Know what kind of people
are in your community. What’s their education level? Also, one of the things to think
about is how much you know about the topic, how much you know about
what resources you have, or what resources
you have available to you, whether it’s
a subscription service through the Florida
Electronic Library, or it’s things that
are out there for free that can help your patrons. And then your personal
evaluation as a librarian. Evaluating these sources, thinking about
what’s best for your patrons. And then of course that falls
into how do you communicate these sources? How do you teach your patrons
these resources that are going to help them
make decisions about the things that matter most in their life? How do you help them become
literate about these services and this technology? And that’s just something
to think about. One of the sources
that I love to go to, and you guys probably
have been to before, is the American FactFinder. And this will give you
some baselines on, you know, education in your community, so you know kind of how
you can tailor your resources and what kind of services
and instruction you provide on this
type of topic. It’ll also give you poverty,
age, you know, all those demographics that would help you
form a picture of how you might tailor
your services to the people in your community. So these are some questions. This is just kind of, you know,
some typical questions you might get
on government and politics as far as reference questions. And after all,
this is a DigiRef, you know, session theme type thing. So these are questions
you might get on line. And if you look really quickly,
have any of you, you can just type
in the chat box yes or no, have any of you ever gotten
these type of questions, either in person
or over digital chat? Okay. Laurie, which one…
You can just put a number. Which one did you get? Government spending. Okay.
Great. Okay.
Perfect. And so this is just kind of
a sample set of questions, and I’m going to tell you
about some homework at the end, if you choose to do it. I think it’s kind of the best
way to get really good at some of these questions. So here’s just a few more
just to kind of, you know… Some of them are more, like,
college libraries. Some of them are, you know,
basically public library, you know, different
things like that. So these are some
of the questions that you might possibly get. Number 12 all the time, yes. Absolutely.
Okay. So just kind of, you know, and
so you’re practiced at that one. Great. So how can we become effective? And this is kind of moving more into the digital
reference portion. And part of the session is going
to focus heavily on resources, but it’s all fine and good
if you have these resources but you don’t know
how to communicate them to your patrons. So one of the ways that you can
make your patrons happy is to have these, you know, fantastic
digital reference skills which focuses heavily
on the reference interview, to have great technical
and communication skills and then also to have
the knowledge of the politics
and government resources. So if you get
that question about, “What programs do I qualify? Where do I vote?
Who’s my senator?” All those kinds of things,
then you have these resources and the skills to make
your patrons happy. So we’re going to spend
a lot of time on the digital reference skill, but what do I mean
by technical skills? And I’m just going to go
through this pretty quickly. And so those are things like,
you know, making sure you know
how to access the Internet. Do you know how to send a file? Do you know how to use the chat
software that your library uses? Have you practiced in it? Can you send e-mails? You know, different
things like that. Really basic technical skills. Communication skills are
a little bit different. They are, like, you know, more of applying
your digital reference skills, like when to communicate, how, why, and when to use
those reference skills. It’s the ability. The communication focuses
on the ability to empathize with your users. How to explain the process
without using library jargon. You know, how to show
a professional persona and project, you know, the library community
as a library space. And also, very important
to any kind of interaction with your patrons, but especially things like
religion, medical, government is to not make value judgments. And I know it’s hard, you know,
for instance if you don’t like Trump and they are a pro-Trump person and they’re asking questions
about Trump, it’s kind of hard
not to make value judgments and, you know, put your
personal opinion in there. But we, of course you guys know, have to avoid
making value judgments and focus on the information
and remain objective. And sometimes that can be hard, but that’s just some of the
things about communication. Also avoiding silence. You know, if you’ve been away
for awhile when you’ve been chatting, you always want
to update the user on where you are
in your process. You know, “I’ll be back
in 2 minutes,” you know. And also kind of
with communication, where to follow up. How they can get back with you
if you weren’t able to answer their question in time, or, you know,
you did answer their question, but they might need more help. Follow-up is huge. So as far as reference skills,
you know, things like how to be
approachable, maintain a welcoming
and enthusiastic service attitude throughout this
text-based process, right, because they can’t see us. They don’t know
if we’re smiling. They don’t know if we’re angry. You know, and when all you
have is the words, it’s sometimes hard to convey that emotion that
you’re being helpful. Of course, you know, knowing
your sources, that’s huge. Also the reference interview, and we’re going to talk
a little bit more about that. You know, and also with
the reference skills is thinking about, you know, where your patron
is coming from. Can they use the Florida
Electronic Library, or are they in Georgia? You know, what are
the limitations that you have
with your resources, and can you point
them to resources? Okay. So this is kind of
what I think of as the effective
digital reference cycle. And this is just kind of
something that I made, and it’s not in a book anywhere. This is just
Stephanie Rollins’ view of how to make digital
reference effective. So one of the first things
you want to do is, you know, kind of look at your technical
and communication skills and kind of assess yourself. Where are you lacking? Do you need practice
with the chat software? You know, do you need to know about these political and
government resources? Where — What are
your weaknesses? And then refine those skills. And then what you want to do is have a skilled
reference interview. Again, we’re going to talk
a little bit more about that, which also includes a chat flow. So, once you get good
with digital reference, you’ll kind of notice
that you have a flow for it. You know how to reconnect
with a user if you’ve been away
for a couple minutes. You know how to…
what questions to ask. And we’re going to focus
a little bit on what I call the flow
in a couple minutes. And scripting can be huge
with that, whether it’s something built in to your chat software,
or it’s, you know, a Word document where
you’ve got little snippets that you can cut
and paste for things that you are going to
type all the time. Of course, it’s picking
the right resources to answer the question. It includes
searching effectively, and it includes our skills
of being able to evaluate the most effective and best resources
for our customers. So that’s just kind of a little
bit about what I think of as the effective
digital reference cycle. So this is something
for you guys if you do chats. This is what I use in my class,
and after class, I make the students, you know, fill this out after they’ve
partnered up on a question, and I know it’s difficult
to see here. The link is at the bottom. But, after you do a chat, these are some questions
you can ask yourselves. This is, again, part of what
I think is an effective chat. It goes from best to worst. So, for instance,
a personal greeting was sent. You know, reference
question is clarified. So there’s some tips here about
what makes really good chats, and you guys can come back
and look at that, but, if you decide
to do the homework, you can actually come here
and fill out this form and get some, you know,
feedback on each other. So what is a reference
interview? We all know this,
but it just bears just kind of
refreshing it again. So it’s kind of this
interpersonal communication that’s between a reference
library and a library user to determine
kind of what they need, which, as you know, may turn out to be
completely different from the question
they initially asked. It can be in person, phone,
electronically, e-mail, you know, again,
it can be chat, and a well trained
reference librarian can initiate conversations
sometimes, you know, if that person has anxiety
about asking their question. So here’s some of
the best practices, and we talked
a little bit about this when I was talking about
your communication skills. Of course you want to be
approachable and welcoming. You want to show interest,
and these are things you do throughout the chat, and there’s ways
to phrase things that I’m going to talk to you
about in a little bit. Of course, we want
to pay attention. That goes without saying. To me, the heart of
the reference interview is clarifying and verifying the person’s
question by paraphrasing or asking open-ended
questions as needed. You want to formulate
a search strategy, and, in order to kind of instructor
and educate our users, you want to share it with them so they can take it back at a
later date and do it themselves. You want to follow up. You know, “Is this
what you need?” The user’s satisfaction, and then you want to formally
conclude the interview because sometimes
you’re just sitting there, and they’re just sitting there, and somebody needs
to initiate a closing. So sorry. So here’s some of the…
This is one, in my 22 years, I found to be
one of the best processes for the reference interview, and I call if reference
interview Zen, and this is from Tychkoson. A few years ago, even though
I’ve been a reference librarian for quite some time, I’m always trying
to improve my skills and see what else
I can do better and what I can learn about,
you know, reference. I’ve done reference forever. You know, what am I missing?
What can I do better? And so I took this class,
and it focused on Tychkoson and his four Rs
of the reference interview. And you guys know, we’ve heard
about the three Rs, the writing, reading and arithmetic
in school. Well, this is the four
Rs of the reference interview, and so it’s kind of a mnemonic as you’re doing your chat
to kind of keep in mind, and if you follow the four Rs,
you’re most likely to succeed, and your patrons
are more likely to return. So here’s the four Rs. So you want to
reassure your user. You want to respond. You want to reflect,
and you want to repeat. So, if you’ve ever seen
“Karate Kid,” it’s kind of like “Wax on, wax off.” You might be too young
for “Karate Kid.” But this is kind of the process
to keep in mind, and it could be
a ton more complicated. I’ve seen a bunch of reference
books that, you know, have, like, 20 steps. But, to sum it up,
this speaks to me, and hopefully it speaks
to you as well. So reassure: The first thing
you want to do is reassure your patron. I mean, they took the time
to come to the chat window and ask their question, and so they’ve probably
searched Google. They’ve probably done quite
a bit before they’ve come to you a lot of times,
not always, but sometimes. So you want to reassure them
that their question is important. You know, there’s this huge
psychological barrier sometimes for people
asking for help, and so, before we even
address the question, we need to reassure them and let them know that
their question is important. You know, “Yes, I can help you,” or “We’ve got a ton
of information on that,” or “I know we can discover
something together,” something positive. So respond: So,
once you’ve reassured, you want to actually
let them know that you’ve
gotten their question, but, as we said earlier, they rarely ask for
what they really want. So we want to use our reference
interview skills to find out. So open-ended questions,
we can get them to expand upon the request, and closed-ended questions,
we’ll refine the details, and this is kind of the part
that takes the most time, and I’m going to talk
a little bit more about this, so, if you don’t… Some students in my class didn’t know
what an open-ended question was, and they didn’t know what
a closed-ended question was, which I thought
was pretty simple, but so I’m going to state
the obvious to you as well. So the thing about this is,
if you are good at it, it will save the patron time, and it will also save you time
without having to ask, you know, getting involved
in the search strategy and then them saying, “Oh, that’s not what
I really wanted.” So, if you can narrow down
their question, it’s only going to help you get
them the sources that they need. So, when I talk about open-
and closed-ended questions, basically you’re
beginning a dialogue. So, again, we have patrons
that are embarrassed because they’re asking for help, so we want to make
our patrons feel comfortable in this dialogue,
in this give-and-take. So, you know, again,
somebody says, you know, “Where are the
newspapers online?” And that’s not really
what they wanted. They actually wanted, you know,
an article on Trump, you know, and they
didn’t ask you that. They just knew that it was
going to be in a newspaper. So you want to make sure
you begin a dialogue that can help them get the
information they actually want, even if they don’t know
how to ask that question. So it’s about how to ask. So this is kind of… An open-ended question,
just to sum it up, is going to help you get more
information from the patron. So, for instance,
“Where have you looked so far?” And they may say, “Google”
or, you know, “I’ve looked at a newspaper.” So “What kind of material
would you expect to find on this topic?” “How much would you
like to find?” Or, you know,
“Tell me more about that.” My sons, you know, for instance, I wouldn’t say,
“Did you have a good day?” because they’d say “Yes”
or “No.” I would say, “What was
your favorite part of today? What was hard about today?” you know, “Who did you talk
to today? What did they say?” And those are more open-ended
questions, you know, because, with teenage boys, they’re going to give you
a yes-or-no answer. So those are just things
to think about, and maybe that’s oversimplified,
but just to give you the idea. Now closed-ended questions… And, when I do
digital reference, I kind of alternate these,
you know, back and forth to get to whatever the question
actually is that they’re asking. So these are more yes-or-no
questions, like, “Have you looked in
the library catalogue? Do you want books or articles? Do you want current
or historical information?” And then, near the end,
a closed-ended question that could be part
of your closing is, “Is this what you want?
Am I on the right track?” Those are more
closed-ended-type questions. Also, one of the things
that I didn’t consider when I first started doing
digital reference was, you want to make sure
that you’re neutral in tone. So a neutral question, just to
give you an example, would be, “How do you plan to use
that information?” as opposed to “What do you
need that for?” which sounds very
confrontational almost, and one of the things
I stress to my students is, “Don’t do can.
Use the word would.” “Can you tell me more
about your topic?” just does not have
the same tone. And I know it’s just typing. Would sounds more polite,
more approachable. I also tell them, “Don’t use
the word okay a lot because it just sounds, you
know, flippish kind of thing,” and so there’s ways
to be neutral, and you just want to think
about, even in words, and whoever has sent
a text message, you guys know, if sometimes you use
the wrong word, it’s going to come across wrong. So just things to think
about your phrasing. Okay, so, once you think
you know, remember, you think you know what
the patron is asking for, you actually want to paraphrase and state the question
back to the patron, and this is part
of the reflecting. That way, they can hear it,
and this also gives the patron to hear what they’re asking
about in a more structured way, and sometimes,
once they hear the question, they’ll give you more details. They may modify it, so one of
the things I teach my students is, you know, just come up with
something that works for you, but, “So if I understand
correctly, you are looking for…” and then you kind of summarize
what they’re asking. So that’s part of the reflect. And then repeat: Sometimes,
you may have to, you know, reflect also includes
the resources. And then you want to repeat,
so you start, you know, again,
reassures the patron. So, once you’ve restated their
question, you reassure them, “Oh, yeah, we could find a ton
of information about this.” And, again, you may
want to refine using open-ended questions, closed-ended questions. Sometimes this part takes
a little bit more time. So what does this look like? And so this is kind of
a scripted chat just to give you the idea of when I showed you
that little form that will help you
evaluate your chats, this is kind of step-by-step
some of the things that you might do in
your actual chat process. So of course you want to have
a welcoming greeting. So what I do is, I always,
if the person gives their name, I always start with their name because this is
an impersonal environment, and then I always say my name so
it doesn’t sound so automated, and ask them how can
I help them today. And this person, you know,
of course gives a really, really broad question: “I want to know about the issues
in our upcoming election so I know how to vote.” Huge, right?
Huge question. So, again, you want
to acknowledge the patron, you know,
and you want to reassure them. So I’d say, you know,
“That’s an interesting topic.” And what I did here is,
I asked an open-ended question: “What kind of information on
the issues are you looking for?” And the patron, Sam, says,
“I need information on how the candidates
feel about the issues.” Well, that’s great,
but that’s still, you know, kind of too broad. So, again, this is kind of
the respond section, where you’re trying to figure
out what they’re asking. And, again, “We have a lot of
information on campaign issues. Is there a specific issue
or candidate you’re seeking?” So that’s more of
a closed-ended question, but it’s still
reassuring the person they’ve come to
the right place for help. And so the patron says,
“Well, I want something on Clinton and Trump
on healthcare, but I don’t know
where to start.” And the librarian again reassures them: “I know how
that can be overwhelming,” but again ask another
closed-ended question, “Books, articles or websites?” And the patron says, “Anything!
Anything would be great. And I just want, you know, information that can
answer my question.” And so here again is part
of the process where you’re restating
their question: “So you want to
find resources on how both Clinton
and Trump view the issue of military spending,” or whatever it is
that they say. And, “Yes, that’s it,”
the patron says. And one of the things
I also do in my chat is, I make sure how much
time they have because a person is
not in front of you. You can’t red their body
language if they’re in a hurry. Another thing
with digital chat is, sometimes you can get cut off. So, before I even start
answering their question, I ask, you know, “How much time
do you have available today? And I want to be sure I can
completely answer your question. If we get disconnected,
here’s me e-mail.” And then, that way, it, you
know, reassures the person that, if they’re disconnected
or if they run out of time, there’s still going
to be somebody here that they can follow up with
and answer the question. And, of course,
this person says, “I use the Lee County
Public Library, and I have plenty of time,” which is usually not
always the case, right? So one of the things, you know, as far as resources is,
you know, “I know just where
we can find information on a candidate’s view
of the issues. Let’s start with this site.” And I didn’t list this site
in the resources, but it may be one
that you want to check out. But this site is nonpartisan. It’s not Republican
or Democrat or whatever, Tea Party,
whatever it might be… “And let’s search for the terms,
‘presidential candidate views.'” And so you’ve given the patron
the search terms you’ve used. You’ve given them a site,
and I also give them a link whether
I’ve searched Google… And I always say, “This is a
Google-specific search tailored to what you need. It’s not just, you know,
an open Google search.” And I said, “Here’s a link
to the search.” So take a look,
and I’ll keep looking. I promise I’ll be back
to check out you in 2 minutes.” And so you’ve assured the patron
what you can do to help them, and then you have time
to keep looking. My students term this “giving
them something to chew on” while you’re looking. So you’ve given them a start. It may be all that they need, but you can keep looking
and come back in 2 minutes. And the patron says, “Yes,
this is on the right track.” And then you kind of go back
and forth depending, again, this is a judgement call, on
how much that patron might need. And, again, you want to kind
of work towards your closing. You know, “Do you feel you have
enough resources to get started?” And that’s my strategy for chat. It’s not an exhaustive
answer to the question. It’s not a bibliography
of everything under the Sun out there that’s
going to help them. To me, chat should be about
three to four sources to get them started, and then they can follow up
with you again later. Or you can follow up with them
with a more detailed e-mail, you know, whatever it might be. So the patron says, “Yes,
thank you. That’s great.” And then you want
to begin closing, and I always want to close
the way I opened with, yeah a “Thank you. Again, my name is Stephanie.
Here’s my contact information.” Use their name to make it
more personal. And then you kind of
close the chat. So any questions about that? Does that seem pretty much
what you guys do? Did you pick up any tips,
or is it pretty general? You can type in the chat box. Great, great.
I’m glad it’s helpful. And, again, this is what
I talk about the flow, and a lot of the flow
has to do with the scripting, and, like I said, whether
your chat software has, you know, a little bit
of scripting built in, or you have something
like a Word document that you have on the side,
you can — Great, Amy. And I’ll tell you one more tip
in just a second. So, with scripting, you know, you’re always going
to have a greeting. You’re always going
to have a closing. You’re always probably
going to say, you know, “I’ll be back in 2 minutes.” You’re always going to say, “How
much time do you have today?” So those things you can
actually, you know, kind of script and keep to the side. You know, but like I said,
I would focus on including personal information. Maybe put an X
in your little script, and that X would be
the person’s name, so that way it makes it more
personal, not so automated. Another thing is, there is
a search engine for LibGuides, so you can actually send
a person to a LibGuide, provided it’s, you know,
stuff that’s free and not subscription databases
that you don’t have. Okay, great. Thanks.
Okay. So now we’re going to focus
more on the resources. So, like I said, you’ve got
the huge, huge important reference interview,
the four Rs. You know, you make sure
your patron is reassured, and then you’ve got
to focus on the resources. So, in terms of politics
and government, there’s going to be
a lot of resources, and it may be
overwhelming for you. Again, I want you
to pick the ones that you think would fit
your collection and what you get
asked about the most. Maybe keep a little cheat sheet. You’re going to have a copy
of this presentation. You can print it out. You can, you know,
copy and paste the websites. Tailor it to what you need. This is just for you. It is going to be
a lot of information. But I did want to start with
The Florida Electronic Library and then also move
to some general databases. Because with politics
and government, sometimes that involves history. It can be a very
general question. Also, some federal government
information websites, sites on election and voting,
political parties. Of course, where would we be
without the constitution and other important
founding documents? How to find free books
and free articles. So some of this is
going to be, you know, things that we obviously
have to pay for. But also, there’s some sites
out there that are free that the government provides. You know, that are super helpful
to answer some of those, like, typical questions that I showed you kind of
in the beginning. So one of the things that
I don’t often think about, I’m in Alabama. And we have the Alabama
Virtual Library where we have a ton of databases that anybody in the state can use for free,
so, similar to Florida. But just in case
you haven’t been to the Florida Electronic Library lately, I just want to talk to you
about a couple of databases that I think would be helpful. So, again, there’s some,
you know, general databases, like Academic OneFile. This has got peer-reviewed,
full-tech scholarly content. So if they’re asking
a question about, you know, political parties
or lobbying, this might be
a great place to go. Also, Expanded Academic ASAP,
General OneFile, these are general databases. But, again, you know, they’re paid for through
the state of Florida. So you have access to them
at your libraries. Also, a little bit more specific might be the criminal
justice collection because there is some
overlaps with politics and government
with law obviously. How laws are made,
different things like that. And there may be some things
that, you know, law enforcement, security terrorism. That’s all kind of related
to government. Also, the military
and intelligence database, this is some that we use
heavily where I work. I’m a military librarian
as well. And so, you know,
how does the military play into the support of government
of peace and terrorism? Those are things —
questions that people ask. Obviously, the Civil War might
be something that would, you know, how did that lead
to what we have today? And history is what came before. How is that important
to government? Also, War on Terrorism. And then, at the bottom — it
looks like I cut my slide off — sorry about that —
or my computer won’t show it to me — is the World History Collection. So there may be some things
in there about how our government was formed. So just, yeah, think about
the Florida Electronic Library as a place to go
that might help answer some of those questions
that you get. So some more general library
databases that might be helpful, and these are primarily
from EBSCO as opposed to Gale. And you may have some
of these in your library. Same kind of things when you
think about general questions. Of course, academic search, that’s what we have
at our library that has a tremendous amount
of military, government, politics in there. Opposing Viewpoints
In Context also is great because it looks
at different issues kind of at a probably pro con
basis. So if you were looking for
something on government spending or, you know,
kind of the pros and cons, or if you’re looking for topics like candidates feel about abortion. Well, what is abortion?
What are the views on abortion? It’s going to give
you information on different sides
of an issue. Okay.
So, CQ Researcher I also love. It’s similar to
Opposing Viewpoints. But what it does that
I think is fantastic is it gives you more of
a complete overview of a topic. It gives you kind of
like a huge PDF file, so, on hot topics
like health care, international affairs,
the environment, the economy. And it gives you
background information, what’s going on right now. It does give you pro con. And it gives you kind
of bibliographies that you can follow up
with on key sources. So I think it’s
fantastic for that. Obviously, American
history online. We have to go back and look
at what happened in history and how that impacted
our government. And those, you may get
some questions on that. And then, EBSCO has a military
and government collection, which, again, may be
a focus of somebody asking a question
about the government. LexisNexis Academic is fantastic for what’s happening
right now in the news. And it also gives you
company profiles. For instance, if somebody
had a question about so and so funded Trump’s campaign. What is that company? You could look that up as well. Also, Statistical Abstract
of the United States and this is through ProQuest,
it used to be free. ProQuest bought it. And now, it’s, you know, you’ve got to pay for it
if you want it. There’s other ways
to find this information. But what this does it covers
political and economic life, which is really great. And, again, this may answer
some of the questions that your patrons have for that. So if I had unlimited money
in my library, these are the three —
there’s going to be some more I’m going to talk to you
about — but these are the three
I would buy if I had money. The first is the PAIS Index. And this is the public affair
information service index. And it indexes articles, books,
conference proceedings, government documents,
book chapters and statistical directories about public affairs. So it’s fantastic. You can search across it. My library doesn’t have it. But I know some of the college
libraries do have this. And so kind of a go-to
information for public affairs information. Another one is the worldwide
political science abstracts. And, again, this is public
administration and policy. This is something I used when
I was working on my doctorate. And it just gives you
information about various topics in political science. And again, that would be
a fantastic one if this is something
your college or your school focuses on, a little bit more in-depth
than say for a public library. My favorite of the three
probably is congressional publications because we have this
at our library. And what’s fantastic about it
is you can look up the congressional
record for the week and what’s happening
in congress. You can also find information
and biographies of different
congressional members. Yes, this information
is available for free in different spots, you know? But this pulls it all together. It also gives you
legislative history. So if you’re trying to trace
what happened with the law, it will do that for you. It’s also got
the Federal Register, so tons and tons of
government information about what’s kind of
going on in congress. And again, like I said,
I’m going to show you a couple things that are free. But this is — this is just
something if you had the money that would be
fantastic to purchase. But who has —
who has that, right? A couple other ones
that are useful that, again, would cost money are the American Foreign
Relations Since 1600. And so this is kind of more
about what’s happening with diplomacy
with the United States. And it starts from the colonial
era to the 21st century. So it’s just kind of if you have
somebody that has a question about the government
and foreign relations, it would be a great
place to go to. Another one is the
alternative press index. And this is information, you
know, because a lot of times, what we get is mainstream. This is more alternative,
radical and left periodicals. You know, the left has been in
the news quite a bit lately. And it just kind of
gives you information about different viewpoints. Not that necessary
it’s right or wrong, it’s just alternative views. And it indexes these types
of resources that are out there. It kind of gives you viewpoints on what those
people are thinking. Another one that’s interesting
is Europa World. And so this gives you
statistical data on economics, political and geographical
background on countries. And it’s impartial. It’s not, you know,
this is the viewpoint — it’s not biased
is what I’m saying. And it also gives you
a comprehensive listing of about 1,900
international organizations. Another one that a lot of people
have is HeinOnline. We had that at Sanford. And it gives you — again,
if you had a legal question, if you wanted reports
and opinions of the U.S. Attorney General. It’s also got
the Federal Register. It’s got formulations
of the Untied States, congressional documents and also
the Supreme Court Library. Again, there’s other ways to get
to this type of information for free. Another one that people are
interested in as far as politics is what did somebody
feel about this. How do people, you know,
like this — this issue. What do people want to know? It’s called the iPoll Databank. And I’ve got a free alternative I’ll talk to you
about in a minute. But just to let you know, there
is a subscription database. And what this does is it shows
you questions and answers for surveys asked in the U.S.
over the last 65 years by more than 150 survey
organizations. So that’s a huge data set. And so it’s just something
to think about. And then finally, I couldn’t
leave the subscription databases without talking about West Law. So if you have a court issue
that somebody is asking about, not a lot of libraries
have this. It’s quite expensive. You can, again, find this
in free resources. It just may take
a little bit more legwork. But again, this is law review
articles, statues, court rules, proposed and adopted regulation. And it also offers
legal analysis. Okay, so, I don’t have access to a lot of
the subscription databases. And obviously, I can’t get into
the Florida Electronic Library. So I can’t show you kind of
what they look like. But for the free stuff,
the government websites, the elections, the voting,
different things like that, I can actually show you
what they look like. So I’m just going to take
a minute and kind of discuss some of the sites
I’m going to show you. And again, don’t get
overwhelmed. Think about there ones —
think about the questions that you typically get and which of these sites
might be the most helpful. And then, I’m going to actually
kind of show you what they look like because it’s all fine
and good to talk about them without actually kind
of getting a picture of, okay, what does that site look like? Because you don’t always
have time to click on each and every one of these. You could, after this session,
if you want to, if you want to play around,
I would recommend that. But these are some
government websites. And these are all free. And again, you can gather
some of the information that we talked about that is
in the subscription databases. And if you’re like my library, we don’t have a ton
of extra money. Even though we’re the
federal government, we don’t have extra money. We might be able to buy one of
the 10, you know what I mean? So it’s great to be able
to have these resources that are free to get
the same type of information. But you have to make
yourself aware of them, you have to play with them,
those kinds of things. So as I mentioned in the
beginning, American FactFinder can be great for helping you get
information about different — especially if somebody’s looking
to start a small business, or if they’re looking to see, you know, what kind of people
are in their community. Because if there’s a lot
of poverty in your area, it would be good to know that
because then you could advocate different services for people. And you could help them be aware
of what government services are out there. Another website is called
American President. This is really kind of neat. This is from 1840
to the present. It’s got primary sources. It’s got public papers,
party platforms. And it’s got speeches,
audio and video. So if somebody wants to know
about a president, it’s pretty — really nice comprehensive source
about our presidents. There’s also the Biographical
Dictionary of the United States. And this, again, this is free. Like I said, you know,
some of this information was in a couple of the
for pay databases. But why pay for it
if it’s out there for free and it’s accurate? So this could give you
biographical sketches and the years in congress. And you can search by name,
position, state party, year or congressional session. So I think it’s great to have
a free site like that. Congress.gov, of course. And, again, this is where
you can find legislation. The congressional
record is here. You can find committee
information and committee reports. And, again,
you can find profiles of the members of congress. So, again, some of
the information that normally
you’d have to pay for is out there for free. I don’t know if you’ve ever
watched C-SPAN, but that’s available. You can visit
their video library to watch footage
of the house and senate. You can also visit their congressional
information center. And you can look up state
and local officials. So it’s kind of an interesting
site if you’ve never been there, if you’ve just seen it on T.V. The Federal Judicial Center, this is the research
agency for the courts. You can learn how
the court system works. You can read biographies
of federal judges. And you can also learn about
some of the more landmarked types of legislation. So you could look up things
like abortion if you had an abortion question,
that kind of thing. Government Attic is
kind of a fun site. It’s kind of things like,
I don’t know if you’ve heard about, like, the $5,000 hammer. But these are —
there’s more than that. But these are kind of, you know,
documents that are obtained under the Freedom
of Information Act. So it’s just a fun site.
You just go check it out. It’s got some documents
and things that you probably wouldn’t
find anywhere else. Of course, where would we be
without the Government Printing Office? That’s where we get mostly —
I think the latest statistic I saw was, like, 98 percent of federal documents
now come from — are now online on GPO. We don’t get a lot of them
in print anymore. And I don’t know if that’s
the same for you guys. But I can’t remember
the last time we got something for our government
documents collection in print. It’s also got current and
historical documents. So if you’re trying to search
for something, that could be a place to go. Speaking more towards literacy
of our patrons, government literacy, there’s a really good site
called “How Our Laws Are Made.” And whenever I see this,
I think about, you know, the after-school special,
“I’m Just a Bill.” That comes through my head. But this is something that
you can point your patrons to. It’s not overwhelming. It’s very simply stated
about how a law is made. And that could be important if somebody is
thinking about voting. Well, what does it mean
to make a law? What’s my role? How does it happen? Also, the Internet
Public Library has a really good kind of hub for law, government
and political science. And they aren’t updating
this anymore. But the links still work. And so that’s a great place
to go to kind of get a start on, you know, what sites might I use if I’m helping somebody
with a government question. This ICPSR, which is the
Inter-university Consortium for Political
and Social Research, this is a fantastic site. It may be a little bit
more than, say, what a public library needs. But it’s got about
7,500 research studies, and it’s got
500,000 files of data. So things like demographics,
crime, economics, education. It’s got information
on elections, health care, aging
and substance abuse. That’s just kind
of a hodgepodge. But it’s got a ton of
information. It’s a data archive. So it’s another place to go
to get some statistics. The National Criminal Justice
Reference Service, it’s got statistics about crime,
law enforcement drugs and other topics
related to criminal justice, because a lot of people,
for instance, are moving into a new community. And, of course, you could go
to your local sites for crime statistics. But if somebody is doing,
like, a paper on crime, and they want statistics, or if they’re looking
at law enforcement. Again, there’s some overlap
with government. Of course, the White House site. This gives you kind of the
current administration’s view, information about their family. It’s also got some great
information about the executive branch. It’s got links to different
departments and agencies. So, sometimes, you can find
a link to a specific agency that might be hard to find with
just Google, that kind of thing. You can start there instead. Okay. Sometimes, people want to know
about the supreme court. I can hardly ever say
this, Oyze, Oyez, I guess that’s how you say it. So this has abstracts about
constitutional law because some people, again, are researching the law, the constitution. And these are cases decided
by the Supreme Court. So, again, if you had somebody
who wanted to know about the landmark case
about abortion, where would they find that? So you could look at that —
that place. One of the things we talked
about in the beginning was the linkage,
you know, between librarians, between the people
and these different agencies. Well, one of the agencies that
impacts politics and policy and voting are lobbyists. And so, sometimes,
you’ll have questions about what a lobbyist group is, what lobbyist groups
support candidates. What do they —
what are they all about? What are their issues? So this is a link to about
500 different websites of United States lobbyists. So sometimes, you know,
if they support a candidate, and you’re thinking about
voting for that candidate, it might be a place
to go to look at what is that lobbying company —
what do they believe? What do they do? Also, the Supreme Court
database, and this is — has 200 pieces of information
about each case that’s been decided about, the court, between
1953 and 2008. So it’s got the identity
of the court whose decision
the Supreme Court reviewed. So sometimes, you don’t
always get that — the parties, legal provisions,
and then also, the votes of each
of the justices which is kind of interesting. USA Facts, so this is — and it’s a really
user-friendly site. It’s just got a Google-like
search flag. It’s fantastic. But this gives you federal,
state and local data from over
70 government resources. So, again, if somebody wanted
to know about crime, or they wanted to know
about poverty, it’s a great place to go. Also, usa.gov, if you’re
thinking about somebody who needs help with what
programs do they qualify for, those kinds of thing. This is the official site
of the U.S. government. There’s not much
you can’t do here. Again, a great site. The United States Code. I don’t know if you’ve
ever had anybody that was looking for this. I’ve had a couple
questions in my time. But this is great
because it lists all the current
federal laws and effect. It’s done by Cornell. And it’s arranged by title, so that broad areas
that the code covers. And it’s completely searchable. And, again, it’s free. The United States
Federal Judiciary. So this also talks, if you have
somebody that doesn’t know how the federal
judicial system works, you know, for instance, starts at the local level,
moves up to state. How does it become
a federal issue? And it gives you information
about each level of the court system,
the federal courts. You know, there’s like this
precinct and that precinct, and how does all that work? This site will help you
figure that out. Okay. And then finally, the United
States House of Representatives and the United States Senate. So sometimes, people want
to know what’s going on, what’s recent
and pending legislation in each of the houses and then also in the senate. What’s going on? And it also gives you
biography information. Again, this information
is freely available. A lot of this, again,
you would have to pay for if this wasn’t out there
on the Internet. So I think it’s fantastic. And then, there’s also
information about U.S. Supreme Court decisions
from 1990 to the present. And again, this is searchable. And then earlier, 1937 to ’75 is also searchable
by keyword or case name. And the finally, people want
to know about that question we get about government
spending. What does the Department
of Treasury do? It gives you a history
of the department. You can also take a fun,
virtual tour. But it just kind of gives you
information about what the treasury is looking at, how we spend our money,
those kinds of things. So just kind of a quick
look at what — okay, so that’s everything. I know it was overwhelming. Again, pick and choose
what speaks to you about these different topics and what you get the most. But I wanted to expose you
to some of the free things that normally you would think of paying for,
and you don’t have to. That information is out there. It’s just making yourself
aware of these websites and what they can do for you. Okay.
Off my soapbox. I just like to be able
to connect our patrons to free things and not be kind of, you know, spend our library on budget
on things for them that are really
going to help them when these things are
out there for free. So this is
the American FactFinder. And what’s great about this
is what you want to do is click on advanced search. And, for instance, here,
I wanted to know the education level
for Collier County, Florida. And it’s going to
give that to me. So in the beginning, when we’re
talking about thinking about what kind of
government services or outreach you might do for your library or what kind of things you might
provide in your collection. These different community
factors would help you kind of determine
a little bit better — give you a better picture of
what kind of government services or what kind of things you
might have in your collection to support who is existing
in your community. So this is
the American president. And, like I said,
this is kind of really neat, a really neat site. It’s got all the U.S.
Presidents, the speeches. It’s got some oral histories. It’s also got some
educational resources. And it’s also got just
some really, you know, it’s got some nice pictures. So it’s — again, if you have
a question about the presidency, it’s really —
a really nice site. This is the Biographical
Dictionary of United States. So, again, like I said, you an
look for a congressional member. You know, it’s just fabulous
because, again, it’s free. Congress.gov, again, there’s
a ton of information here. You can look at the current
legislative activities of congress, the house, the senate. You can also do a search, it’s kind of a Google-like
search for current legislation. You can also see the most-viewed
bills, which is kind of neat. Probably if your patron
is looking for it, it might be here in the top 10. So, again that’s the congress. C-SPAN we talked
a little bit about. Like I said, you can watch
this live here. Again, you can search
for information. The Federal Judicial Center,
like I said, this is kind of a way
to educate your users about the judicial
branch of government. Again, it’s got research about
the courts, education, history, judicial relations. It’s also got
a publications catalog. Government Attic, like I said,
this is kind of a fun site. It’s got FOIA information,
documents. To find those,
up here at the top, you’d actually click on
where it says “documents” right there. Hopefully, you can see my mouse. This is the government
printing office. Again, you can search it. You can get a catalog
of government publications. You can look up things. You can locate a
federal depository library. You can also look at Ben’s guide
to the U.S. government. He’s got a fantastic
list of websites and different things like that. Again, you can search it if you’re looking
for a publication. Again, this is where
I was telling you about how our laws are made. So this kind of gives you,
again, a different kind of very simple way
to explain to somebody how a law
is actually made. It takes you step-by-step. This is the Internet Public
Library I was mentioning. So again, this is just
kind of a hub on giving you
some different websites, kind of like
what I’m doing today. It gives you — Okay,
I’ll come back to your question. Great. So, again, this is
the Internet Public Library. Again, it’s got some things. This is something
that was done librarians, evaluated by librarians. And so, you can get information
about elections, political advocacy groups, political parties,
different things like that. So again, it’s just kind of
a hub to help you get started. This is the ICPSR, like I said, it might be a little bit
over public library level. But it may still be useful. Again, it’s got 500 data
sets in here. So you can search for things
like census information, community and urban studies. What you can’t see
on the screen, there’s about 10 more places
you can look at. Economics, behavior
and attitudes, those are all things
that might be helpful to you. Again, here’s the office of the
President of the United States, which is the White House,
the Supreme Court Resource. So, again,
you can look at cases. You can look at the justices. This is where I was telling you about the
political advocacy groups. So if you wanted to know about
different types of lobbying and what they do and how they might influence
a particular candidate, this would be a great source. Again, the Supreme
Court database. You can find information
about — yeah, the Internet Public Library
hasn’t been updated. You’re correct. But a lot of the sites
still work. So sometimes, I go there
if I’m struggling to find, you know,
kind of an overview site. So a lot of the sites still work
even though it hasn’t been actually added to and updated
if that makes sense. So I still mention it. But great point, Amy. Thank you. So this is the
Supreme Court database. Again, it’s got data. It’s got analysis. So, again, if somebody’s looking
at a site, it might be helpful. USA Facts, this is where
I was telling you it kind of has like a Google form
where you can search. So it’s got federal,
state and local data from 70 government sources. You know, for instance,
where does the money come from? Where does the money go? Those are questions you
can answer with this site. Again, this is the site
for the government. So if you get
that question about, “What services
do I qualify for?”, again, you can look
at government agencies. You can look at benefits,
grants and loans, housing, jobs and unemployment. So, again, this would
definitely help you answer those questions about, “What government services
do I qualify for?” This is, again,
the United States Code, should you need to search it, the United States
Federal Judiciary. Again, you can
find a courthouse. You can look at judges. You can find out
what information about federal courts. The House of Representatives,
pretty self-explanatory. We’ve looked at that. The Senate is here. The Supreme Court’s decisions
from 1990 to the present, this is what this looks like
and then also earlier, from 1937 to 1975. So you may have people that are
looking at court cases, and I just mention
that just in case you do, and again, this is free. You don’t have to go to Westlaw. And then how is our money spent? So this, you know, treasury,
and it’s got it for different people,
the public, businesses, financial
institutions, government, so you can choose
how you look at it. Okay. So very quickly, I know somebody
mentioned something about elections and voting, so we’ll move
through this quickly. So as far as how do you
find out what’s true? I mean, we’ve got all this
fake news going around. We’ve got…
It bleeds over into elections and who does what
and what’s true and what’s not. So one of the things
that I like to look at is there’s this place
called factcheck.org. Has anybody ever used that?
So what it does… It’s impartial,
and it provides factual, up-to-date information on
all major political players, including presidential
candidates, so it’s a place you can go to. Now, you know, of course
as librarians we always want to double-check everything, but it’s a good start. It’s a start, and it will help
you look at different issues. Now somebody said,
“What about local elections?” The Florida Division
of Elections, this is kind of
the one-stop shop for voter information
in Florida. If you’re looking at finding
information, sometimes, people want to know
about women and women voting and different things like that. There’s the League
of Women Voters. Also, if you’re trying to look
at the money in U.S. elections, this site looks at the money. It’s called opensecrets.org. Again, if you’re trying
to educate yourself or your patrons about, you know, how does the money
flow in different elections, local, state, national? And this is created by the
Center for Responsive Politics, and so this is kind of
a political watch-dog group. Again, I don’t trust everything
as I get it as a librarian, and you probably do this, too. You definitely evaluate,
but these are places that are starting to do that, and it can help your users
if they want to check a fact or if they want
to check the money in different candidates
and elections, so I really like that. Again, remember, earlier,
we talked about that poll site that was a subscription. The pollster.com is free, and it covers many
different types of polls, governor, congressional,
presidential. There’s a site called
Project Vote Smart, which I really like as well. What this does is
it’s nonpartisan, so it kind of, again, it helps us to help our patrons become more literate
about government and politics. It provides biographical
information and voting records for elected officials
and candidates. So again, if you’re thinking in
terms of your local elections, this may be a site to go to. And then, you know, just basic
information in general about how do I vote, what are elections,
what does all this mean? This is, again, through usa.gov, but this contains official
information about voting in the U.S. It can tell you how to contact
your local elected officials, so if you fee strongly about
an issue, who is your person? Who is your representative? Who is your
congressional member? And it also gives you
information about the Electoral College and how that works and also how
to find voter registration. So this is kind of what
these sites look like, just to give you
a quick overview. So this is information. This is factcheck.org. And so, you know, it’s not…
It’s impartial. So it, right here,
it’s obviously saying that Trump didn’t get it right
about nuclear weapons boast. There’s a question over here,
“Did NASA confirm that there will be 15 days of
darkness on Earth in November?” So, you know, it’s kind of like
if you’ve ever used Snopes, but it’s more about
checking facts, and it has a lot
of political information. This is, of course,
what is huge for your guys, which is the Florida
Division of Elections. So they can check to see,
can I vote? First of all, you know,
have you registered to vote? Is it still good? You know, those kinds of things. You can check your
polling place, the election dates, if there’s
any special elections, so this may be helpful. Hopefully, you guys
find this helpful for the upcoming elections. This is something you can
definitely go ahead and send to your patrons
if they should ask. League of Women voters, again,
if you’re looking for this particular
type of information, that may be helpful, you know,
looking at women as a focus. Some patrons have those
kinds of patrons. Opensecrets.org, again,
like I said, this is, you know, very good site
to kind of educate yourselves about, for instance,
the Trump administration. You can look up information
on nonprofits, Congress, congressional committees. It’s got information
on influence and lobbying, expenditures, political ads. It’s got news and analysis,
so again, it just kind of helps you ask those questions that you can’t really
find in Google. You know, it’s kind of gathered
information, supposed to be impartial. Again, you want to
check your facts, but it’s a good start
for kind of informing yourself about the issues, what’s true, what’s not true,
where does the money come from, those kinds of things
that might be important to you choosing a candidate. Here’s pollster.com. Like I said, you know,
there’s a lot of… There’s Gallup,
which you have to pay for. There’s the other site
we mentioned earlier, iPoll, that you have to pay for. This is absolutely free,
so it’s got some different polls that might be helpful to
answer question for your patron. Project Vote Smart: So again,
this is a site that talks about, you know, kind of
verifying your facts, looking at biographies,
how people voted, their position, so again, it kind of helps you
become more literate about the candidates
and the issues. Voting in elections, again,
this is not on the local level but just kind of more abroad, and I really like the first
topic here that says, “Decide who to vote for,” because I think that’s so hard
to explain to people, and it gives you… You know, how do you
make informed choices? What does a ballot look like? How do you research candidates? So I think that’s kind of
a fantastic site, you know, find my state or local
election website, how to vote,
different things like that. Okay. So very quickly, I’m sure
you could google this, but I just wanted to show you
where you could find all the different parties
at the local level as well, so this is just websites on how you find your
local political parties. So the Democratic Party, it’s got information
about the history. You know, of course,
it’s very flashy. It’s very pro-Democrat just like
all the other sites are very pro whatever their position is, but I also wanted you
to be aware that there’s a Florida website, and again, it’s going to have
a calendar of upcoming events, state elections
and different things like that. It would have information
on candidates that are running
for election in Florida, same thing for
the Republican Party. There’s a website
for the Libertarian Party, the Green Party,
the Communist Party. There’s actually a Communist
Party US website, believe it or not. The Socialist Party
and the Tea Party. So sometimes, it’s just…
You know, you could google this, but if you had a list somewhere, you could just copy and paste it and send it to the patron,
you know, information about
the different political parties and what they believe. So just real quickly,
this is what kind of the Democratic Party website
looks like. This is for Florida,
and again, you can sign up. You can donate. You can find out who the party
is and their team for Florida. This is the Republican Party,
and again, it’s got a little bit
more information here under their menu about the
platform, state leadership, different things like that. So this is for Florida. Again, you can sign up. You can donate. Most political websites
have those options. You can get involved. You can find a local, again,
a local GOP, so again, some different information. So this is the website
on the Libertarian Party, the Green Party, the Communist Party,
like I said, for the US so very different, the Socialist Party
and then the Tea Party. So just, you know, I know
that you guys know those sites are out there, but sometimes, it’s good
to just have them all together, one spot, you know, copy and paste or click
on for your patrons. So just finally, to look at
a couple different things, you know, we wouldn’t be
where we are today without some of
our founding documents, and one of them, of course,
is the Constitution, the Federalist Papers,
different things like that, so I just wanted to give you
that information in case you get
a question about, what does the Constitution
say about X? The National Constitution Center
will let you search throughout the Constitution
for specific passages and also not just,
you know, finding the words but also explanations, so there’s a little button
that says, “Explore the Constitution,” and you can also search
for topics like civil rights or gun control because people want to know,
“Well, what does the law say? What does the Constitution say?” So this would be super helpful
for those kinds of questions. The next site site is
the Federalist Papers. This is from Thomas from
the Library of Congress, and this has access to the 85
essays that urged New Yorkers to ratify the proposed
Constitution, so sometimes, that can be
helpful information. Also from the Library
of Congress is the Continental Congress and Constitutional
Convention Broadsides, and these are 274 documents
related to Congress and the drafting
and ratification of the Constitution, so again, if somebody is doing research
or study on the Constitution and how it impacts laws
or different things like that or what it means for today,
what it means for elections, whatever policy, this may
be something to look at. The Charters of Freedom actually
has those primary documents like the Declaration
of Independence, the Constitution,
the Bill of Rights, so it’s just kind of a website
that’s free that lists a lot of
those founding documents. So this is the National
Constitution Center, and so again,
read the Constitution. Learn. You can actually, again,
search through the Constitution and get explanations. You can also buy a ticket
for a tour. Again, the Federalist Papers, these are the essential original
texts of the Federalist Papers, and again, you can
look through those. The Continental Congress
and Constitutional Convention Broadsides,
those are here as well, and it’s actually the image,
the primary source. The Charters of Freedom, again,
the Declaration of Independence is here, the Constitution,
the Bill of Rights. There’s a few more documents
here, and it’s, you know, the actual primary source.
Okay. So just very quickly,
I know that, sometimes, you’re looking for free
government and politics books, or you’re looking for free
government and politics article, so I just want to give you
a couple sources if you’re a library that
doesn’t have a lot of funding. And, with a lot of these,
it can be hit or miss. It’s just whatever somebody
was able to put there for free, so sometimes, you’ll get great
stuff, sometimes, not so much, but it is a place
you can look at and again, get some information that
might help your patrons if you don’t have
a robust collection or your funding
like a lot of us don’t. My library doesn’t,
so sometimes, these are sources
that can help you get information
for your patrons, so there’s the Directory
of Open Access Books, and this is a link to finding
books on political science. Through the University
of Pennsylvania, there’s an online books page. It’s got about
a million free books. I’m going to take you
very quickly through a Google Books
Advanced Search. I don’t know if you knew
there was an advanced search. Again, a lot of it’s not free, but there may be
something there. HathiTrust, again, this is more
of a repository of items that were digitized via
Google Books, Internet Archive, different things like that. Again, only public domain
is full-text searchable. Finally, the Internet Archive,
again, that has books,
movies and music and 281 billion
archived Web pages. There is a health-care politics. There is a site. Oh, shoot, I mentioned
that in my… Can I get back
to you on that one? I know there’s… Oh, shoot, I can picture
the name in my head. I will get back with you
after we’re done, but there are a couple
in my health-care one, which should be
on the SWFLN page. There’s a bunch of resources
that will give you data, statistics, issues
on health care, and it was free, and it was
kind of a watch-dog site. I’ll get back to you. Don’t let me forget. Okay. So these are… Again, this is just kind of
screenshots of what you would do if you’re looking for books
on political science, so here, you would
click on browse, and you can do browse
by subject. There’s a subject area called
law and political science, and under that is
political science, so again, there’s
free books here, just hit or miss depending on
what you’re looking for. You can also search throughout as opposed to
doing it by subject. This is through the University
of Pennsylvania. These are all the
online books page for public political science, and you can actually click on
any of these narrower terms, but again, it gives you
the free books here. This is Google
Advanced Book Search, and what you can do is you
can type in your subject area. You can make it a little
bit more specific, and then one of the things
to look at here where it says, “Search all books, limited
preview and full view, full view only,
Google e-books only,” if you want a book
that’s full text, you have to select
full view only. If you’re just looking for all
books that might be mentioned, you can do all books, but if you’re looking
for a full-text book, you want full view only. Happy Trust, again, you can
search for political science, this pretty simple. This is the Internet Archive, which I don’t know
if you’re aware, but it also has more
than just videos and movies. I just did a search
for political science, and again, there’s
a couple things here. Just, again, it just depends
on what you’re looking for. Okay. So if you’re looking
for free government and politics articles, there’s a couple of sites
that might be helpful for you. There’s directory
of open-access journals. Again, this is similar
to the book search. They also do magazine articles. Click on political science. Again, you can also search it. Google Scholar, I just
want to show you how it’s a little bit different, and you can actually select
your library to search. Sometimes, it’s a different
interface and algorithm that will help you find things that you didn’t necessarily find
in your discovery service, but it will also pull
in other libraries. And also OAIster,
I’m probably saying that wrong. This has some open archive
collections worldwide, and I just want to show
you that very quickly. So for Directory of Open-access
Journals and political science, again, you can
browse by subject, or you can simply search,
and so again, it depends on what type
of topic you’re looking for, but if you look here
on the left-hand side, I’ve selected the subject
of political science. You can be a little bit
more specific, for instance, if you want
international relations, different things like that, but you’ll see the whole
article is actually there. The Directory of Open-access
Journals and books, they are putting things there. It’s just moving very
slowly, obviously, because of copyright
and different things like that, but I provide it as an option because it may be something where you’d find
a book for free, an article for free that your
library doesn’t subscribe to. So Google Scholar, I just want
to show you very quickly. When you go into Google Scholar, up in the right-hand corner,
there’s a little gear icon, and when you click on that,
you can actually click on what’s called Library Links. And so you can actually
have it search your library, but you can also pick
to have it search what you think of as
libraries that would have, you know, like,
huge collections in government
or political science. So what I did…
You can choose up to five. What I did is it selects
roll cap by default, but for instance, I selected The London School of Economics
and Political Science, Shanghai University
of Political Science, Brevard College, Eastern Florida State College, but again, you can
actually type and search, and it will pull up
the different libraries, and you can just select them. Once you do this,
you’re going to click on save, and then, on the next screen… I went too far.
Sorry. On the next screen, you can
actually do your search, and if it comes up
in your library, it’ll show you over here
on the far right-hand side where it says
Brevard e-journals, but also, it’ll pull
up other libraries. So for instance,
here’s a PDF at osu.edu, so what I did
is I did a search on Florida State
legislature and democracy, just very general,
not a very good search. I just trying to demonstrate
there’s things here, but you can actually get
some of the full text for things that you wouldn’t
normally discover, you know, searching for Google, and then, also,
it includes things that might be at
your library as well, so I, you know, show you that as a way to kind
of find some articles or books that might be helpful
for your patrons. And last but not
least is OAIster. One of the things that’s very
important you can search, this is through,
of course, through OCLC, and you can search. One of the things
to be careful of, and here, I just searched
for legislature. Over here on the right-hand side where it says format
as you scroll down, and you’ll see I’ve circled. If you want to get
the full text, if you want them
to be full text, you have to select
downloadable article. Otherwise, it gives you
everything, and you don’t get the full text. So again, this can
be hit or miss because people have
put things here for free, but again, you may find
something useful for your patrons. Okay. So as I said earlier,
you know, part of this is the reference interview. Part of this is, you know,
being able to search efficiently and just having
background knowledge and some of the resources that might help you
help your patrons. And how are you
going to provide this? Are you going to have,
you know, on your desktop, a politics cheat sheet, just word with websites,
real simple, a Web… You know, you put these
sites in your catalog. Are you going to maybe
make a LibGuide? Whatever it is, a handout,
you know, have a strategy that will help you
help your patrons. So you can become effective
and hopefully focusing
on the reference interview, whether it’s in digital chat
or in person, you know, having those technical
and communication skills and now kind of having probably an overwhelmingly
amount of resources on politics and government,
you can become effective, and you an make
your patrons happy and get them the
information that they need. I absolutely believe that. So this is your homework
should you choose to accept it. Like I said, when I come
and teach digital reference in person for Luly, one of the things I do is I cut
all these into strips of paper. I pair people up. They have to get in a chat room, and they don’t know
the question, and some person
plays the librarian. Some person plays the patron,
and you just interact, you know, with these questions. You could do the same
thing in person, but just practice on these
different types of questions, and you may have even more
that you guys get all the time that would be fun
to just kind of go over in an hour
with all of your staff, all your reference staff. You know, hey,
here are some sites. Here is how you’d answer
this question just kind of on politics or whatever topic, you know, you get
a lot of questions on. How would you find sources
on these local candidates? You’re probably going
to get that right now? What site would you go to? How would you answer
that question? So hopefully, I’ve answered
that for you, and again, you can play
with these questions. These are just some
sample questions. Some of them are great. Some of them are not so great,
but I was just trying to get you some questions that you could practice with. So do you have any questions? Thanks very much,
and I’m probably saying your name wrong, Narges. I’m sorry if I’m
saying that wrong. Can I e-mail that to you,
or would everybody like to get the e-mail for the health-care one? I believe it’s on the SWFLN
website, but I can… Okay.
Great. Great. Oh, and, actually,
this presentation, you will get e-mailed to you… I believe Taylor,
Luly will speak up about that. This you will definitely
get e-mailed to you. I was just also asking about
if you would like the link to the health-care one. Okay. If there are no more questions, I really thank you
for your time, and this was kind of a sprint to kind of go over
some of the sources, but if you’re like me, I don’t
always have a lot of time to kind of sit down and think, “Gosh. What sites
would I go to?” You know, it’s kind of,
like, in the moment, and so if you have this kind of
in your back pocket, you’ve got some starting points, however you might decide
to arrange your sites. And again,
pick what speaks to you. Pick what’s going to be
most useful for your patrons, that’s going to help answer the
questions you get all the time. Thanks very much,
and if there’s nothing else, I think Taylor or Luly
is going to speak up, and they probably have
a survey for you or something fun like that. Castro: Yes, we do. We’ll be sending out the slides
and the survey momentarily. Thank you, Dr. Rollins,
for a wonderful webinar. Some information and a
sneak peek of what is coming up: Attendees, if you enjoy
this webinar, please join us Tuesday, September 26th,
for “DigiRef Academy: Reference Service for Patrons
with Disabilities.” We encourage you to look
at the upcoming webinars and workshops in months ahead and hope you are
all able to join us for the future
training opportunities. As always, please feel free to
keep checking your CE calendar on our website, our Facebook page or your
message from the SWFLN LISTSERV. Thank you, everyone,
for attending, and have a terrific rest
of your week. Rollins: Thanks, everybody.
Goodbye. Have a good day.

DANE BAPTISTE: P.U.S.S.Y POLITICS, TOXIC BLASCULINITY…


(crowd cheering) – Thank you, thank you very
much ladies and gentlemen I’ll try and keep this
brief because apparently some of you are on fucking dialysis. So… (crowd laughing) Which is fine. I’m not making fun of that. That’s a real serious issue. In you come sir, no
problem, no problem at all. You’re trying to hide.
You’re coming to the toilet? That’s fine. I want you
guys to know this is a comedy show, not a hostage situation so (crowd laughing) if you need to go to the
toilet, you go to the toilet. I don’t want any women sitting here getting a UTI because
I’m trying to be funny. I’m funny, I’m not UTI funny, so (crowd laughing) I’m not cystitis funny
either. All I’m saying is ladies, you take care
of them vaginas, all right. You take care of them.
Some of you are like “I can’t believe he said that.” This lady right here with the head up high she’s like “He’s mentioning pussies within 30 seconds.” I hasten to remind you
madam that the president of the free world says he likes to grab women by the pussy, so I’m just a lowly comedian
and creative, you know I don’t control one of the largest nuclear arsenals in the world.
While I think it’s okay to grab women by the pussy. Ah, now that got your attention sir. (laughing) Like a little vaginal
meerkat, he was like well fuck this guy I want
my beer, pussy, huh?!? (crowd laughing) Before I continue though,
I do want to check for the sake of courtesy,
is everybody here okay with me using the word pussy? (crowd wooing) I meant the women in the room, sir. (crowd laughing) I say this because, you know, with men we have the privilege, among many, of being able to refer to our genitals however we want in public.
Our dicks, our pricks, our knobs, our schlongs, trouser snake. There is a whole dickopedia of names. So many names, that’s why
it’s called dictionary I guess. The thing is (crowd laughing) Now what women find a lot of time they’re a lot more repressed, you know. They can’t use words like
pussy in public, you know. Women have to be like,
“My minge, my foo foo.” (crowd laughing) I got 6 aunts over the age of 50 still call their private parts a sixpence. Like that’s how repressed
women are in society. My manager, I have a great manager, she’s a staunch feminist. She actually… She feels that sometimes
when men say the word pussy, it’s quite sexually
aggressive. When I say that you normally hear men
saying pussy with like porn however, as a staunch feminist, she feels like women have rightfully
reclaimed the word CUNT. (crowd laughing) I don’t know about this,
that women there was like “Nope, too rich for my blood.” (crowd laughing) Such a strong word, one of the strongest swear words that we have,
that instead of saying it a lot of time we say see you next Tuesday. Just to soften that blow. (crowd laughing) So let’s just say for
the purpose of this next bit I’m going to do, pussy is
an acronym which stands for the Power of Universal
Sustenance and Salvation, Yeah! Alright, cool. Now we have
context, and I said context. (crowd laughing) If I can give you gentlemen
some advice despite the example set by the fucking president, you should not be grabbing
women by the pussy. (woman laughs) Thank you one lady. (crowd clapping) Unless… (crowd laughing) Let’s say you were going on a hike, taking in some fresh
mountain air, great outdoors. Suddenly, your partner
slips on some loose rocks. (crowd laughing) And she goes head first, pussy last, over the precipice of that
cliff. Now it’s time to think fast, Baby, no! Aaaah! That was close, man,
these pussies are amazing. They’re so tensile and durable, no wonder they’re the cradle of our civilization. They should sell these at millets, that’s how strong these are, my goodness. Well one thing’s for
sure, I found your clit when it counted, let’s
finish this hike girl! (crowd laughing) Well that might be okay. (crowd laughing) Have anybody been to
any festivals this year? Anyone been to any festivals this year? Anybody do any camping? (crowd woos) Alright, cool. Now let’s
say you went camping for the weekend for
one of these festivals. You set up your tent for
the weekend’s festivities. And as a man, you’re laying
down next to your partner, nay, your GODDESS, thinking to yourself “I am so lucky to be with this woman. I’m so lucky to be this close to a pussy. Since I was a teenager, this is what I’ve always dreamed of. I swear to god, pussy the best thing in the world. At its best, sweet like honey. At its worst, kind of fishy.” (crowd laughing) Either way, you’re going to attract bears. (crowd laughing) They’re fans of both. (crowd laughing) Let’s say a bear wanders
onto the campsite, trying to snatch your
goddess away by the pussy. Time to think fast. Hey there bear, you might be smarter than an average bear, but that’s not your pussy to grab mister. You get the fuck out of here and you leave my goddess alone. You perv! Cause I’m not sure if you guys know this, a lot of bears are pervs. Did no one else think it was strange that Yogi Bear and Boo-Boo wore like hats and ties, but didn’t have any pants? Winnie-the-pooh, bright
red T-shirt, no pants. Paddington Bear, trench
coat in a train station, with a hat on, being like “Hey, you want some
sandwiches little girl?” That’s fucking pervy. (crowd laughing) Paddington Bear is the R. Kelly of bears. (crowd laughing) “I like marmalade.” It’s fucking weird. (crowd laughing) Man, I love the fact that like as I’m doing all this
pussy based material, there are guys here with
their partners being like “I’ve never even heard the word pussy. I don’t care for this at all, Darling.” Well, maybe you’ve not heard of it, but she’s fucking heard of it, she’s seen it before. That’s right, I don’t mind getting into pussy material. You know why? A lot of time, you know, I have a lot of solidarity
with my female colleagues in the comedy game. A lot of time when they come on stage, trying to, you know, entertain a crowd, you
get some people being like (groaning) “She’s just going to talk
about her vagina and periods.” First of all, all me and my
friends talk about IS vagina, so why is that so bad. I
think pussy based material is very relatable if you ask me. It’s like 30% of all my
conversations with my friends! Now on the subjects of periods, now (clears throat) Some men getting uncomfortable, well you have to take the rough with the smooth sometimes gentlemen. (crowd laughing) And I apologize on behalf of my gender to the ladies in the room with that we don’t understand, you know, issues like menstruation as well as we should, but can I just say in the defense of men, we don’t even discuss any
issues with our bodies amongst each other. Women are very open about when they have physical problems. That’s what you watch t.v., you can tell like a women would be like “Oh, have a problem with your stomach? Take some Senakot, you’ll be fine.” Women talk about these issues. Guys are just like “Aww,
fuck it, I’ll carry.” That’s what they do. (crowd laughing) If a women has a problem
fermenting downstairs. You know, the pH isn’t right,
maybe take some Canesten Duo. Get rid of that thrush. How do
I know what the fuck that is? Cause women talk about their problems. Men don’t discuss their problems, like I have a friend, close friend. I’ve known this guy for 20 years.
He had an ingrown hair. Perfectly normal, on his bum, right. (crowd laughing) We can’t have that
conversation I’m afraid. He was like “Dane.” I was
like “What’s up, man?” He’s like “You know when
you go to take a shit?” “Obviously…” “and you
wipe your ass,” “Yup.” “and there’s blood
there.” This conversation is over, what the fuck is wrong with you. I thought we were friends!!! (crowd laughing) No. See the thing is, like,
people talk about toxic masculinity. Toxic
blasculinity is even worse. As a black guy, you got
to be tough all the time. Am I right, officer?
Because you never know (crowd laughing) Ahh, man, goddamn I love this job. (crowd laughing) But uh, no I mean, you know, my friends, we always try and keep up airs and graces. We try and be tough all the time. It’s worth being educated, be like there’s culture in you, you know, you never let your guard down. Like me and my friends
don’t discuss problems, which is sad because I
come from a community, disproportionally affected
by prostate cancer. A lot of my friends could
use some prostate exams. It’s not a conversation we can have. If I say to my friend,
“Hey man, you checked your prostate?” He’d be like
” NO, you’re gay bruv. Who’re you talkin to! Put a finger up your MUM’s bum, bruv?” I asked my dad if he had a prostate exam. He said yes, didn’t
speak to me for a week. (crowd laughing) See how bad it is, man? You know… So I just feel like, you know, I can say. Men, we just don’t discuss our problems. Here’s the issue. I
guess it makes us uneasy that women are so open about, you know, knowing about their
bodies. Like for example, have you guys ever seen in a night club, when a bunch of ladies go to the toilet? It’s like a second night
club, it’s like a queue, and people are making
friends in the queue. And then in the toilet,
there’s like, you know, a fashion show. Trade show
people exchange cosmetics. Like people are leaving the
toilet with new friends. Oh I just met Sophie,
we’re going on a holiday next year, she’s lovely. What the fuck! (crowd laughing) How are you making friends while people are taking shits? How does this even work? (crowd laughing) Cause there’s no talking
at the men’s urinal. Someone talks to you at the men’s urinal, you’re either in prison or the army, like you’re fucked. (crowd laughing) You are fucked up. At any time you talk as a man in a public
toilet is when, you know when you go to a toilet,
and you might like open a toilet cubicle,
and someone has committed a fucking massacre, and then you finish up and then someone else comes in. You’re like “Nah, they’re going
to blame me for that shit. Look, sir. I know we just met,
but I want you to know that something happened in there. I was not involved. This is my ass alibi. So I just want you to know that this had nothing to do with me. (crowd laughing) And I really wish I understood
more about lady’s problems, but I feel like, you
know, capitalism has also mislead us all. How do
they represent having your period on t.v. It’s very misleading. I was always under the
impression when a woman is on her period, she
might want, you know, some pain killers for the stomach cramps. Maybe a hot water bottle for some comfort. Maybe some chocolate.
Maybe a glass of wine. And for men to leave you
the fuckity fuck alone, (crowd laughing) while holding you and
supporting you at the same time. (crowd laughing) But then you watch these
adverts and it’s like (loud noises) ♪ BODYFORM FOR YOUUUUUUUUU ♪ And then, there’s a woman
hang gliding through the sky and they abseiling down a mountain… Then they’re trying to
break into a safe… I know like, is this
an advert for periods, or is it the Charlie’s Angels new trailer? What the fuck is happening here? (crowd laughing) It is so funny how men respond to that, like, that’s the only time I
see my friends get squeamish. Like my friends could tell
a story and they’ll be like, “Anyways, this is what
happened yeah. Man came in the club and he must’ve seen his enemy. Took that knife, stabbed
him bruv. Blood everywhere.” And everyone’s like,
“Shit, that’s a madness, but I guess that’s how
London is, you get me.” Where as a guy be like, “So anyway, I went over to her house, and,
we’re getting frisky, and then she tells me she’s on her period. Blood everywhere.” “Oh my
god! Oh my god! Oh my god! Are you okay? Do you have any trauma? That’s disgusting. Oh my god!” (crowd laughing) Look, I’m just saying guys, you know, don’t interpret this as virtual signaling and I’m not trying to win
any points with the ladies. I’m just saying, I have empathy, because I’ll be honest with you. If I bled out my dick from the age of 12, (crowd laughing) everyone would know about it! Everyone. Everybody would know. You couldn’t even have a conversation without me being there bringing it up. You’d be
at a barbecue, be like, “Oh, what kind of meat is this?” “It’s Angus. I’m bleeding out my dick!” (crowd laughing) “I’ll have mines medium-rare please.” (crowd laughing) I just think it’s a cool thing that if a woman says, like
if you’re going to go and see a lady and she’s like, “I’m on my period.” It’s
like an understanding that you’re not supposed
to go over and see her. And you can leave her
alone, no questions asked. Like I wish as a man, we
had that kind of excuse. Like if a girl was like, “I’m coming to see you today.” “Oh,
I’d love to see you, but I’m manstruating right now.” (crowd laughing) Yeah, basically you’re toxic masculinity within my blood stream has
built up to a point whereby. You know, normally when we sit and cuddle, could we just like fuck
and not talk, cause… (crowd laughing) Some of you are going with it, some of you are like “nope.” (crowd laughing) Well I bleed out my
dick, so how about that! (crowd laughing) So… Onto another lighter
note, Sully was talking about racism earlier.
And…and I mean, you know, we’re all adults here,
we know how things go. I mean what annoys me the
most is like, you know. I hate that kind of ‘cobweb racism.’ That’s the one that fucks with me. Like cobweb racism is when you’re walking along and someone says something offensive and you didn’t even see it coming. You’re like, “What the fuck,
where did this come from?” Just like a cobweb. (crowd laughing) You know when people say
stuff and they’re like, “Oh I can say that. I’ve
got a black friend.” How does something YOU
HAVE make us feel better. If I break a chair in
your house and I’m like, “That’s alright, I’ve got a sofa at home.” Why the fuck… (crowd laughing) does that help me now? Also, there’s a big difference between a friend, a colleague,
and an acquaintance. I’ve got a to of wack acquaintances
I won’t lend money to. Or if they said something racist, I’m pushing them right
in front of that bus. Yeah he said it, he should
probably use that job. Actually, that should be vacant, or maybe I should take that job. I don’t give a fuck
about those people, like and if you do have a black friend, we should be able to test the authenticity of your black friend, like in
Who Wants To Be A Millionaire, and call your black friend, and find out if that’s really your friend. (crowd laughing) We should be able to do that. Maybe we should send him a fine. You’d have black people
getting fines for no reason, you’re going to lose some black friends. (crowd laughing) I don’t know, I just feel
like if I had a racist friend, I would warn them a few times, you should stop doing that kind of shit. Then I’d fuck his wife. (crowd laughing) You know why? Cause if you
got a real black friend and you’re a racist, that’s
why he’s your friend. He’s going to fuck your wife. (crowd laughing) So the next time you
say something offensive, you can butt in and be like, “Oh, he can say that.
He’s got brown kids.” (mysterious laugh) (crowd laughing) I… I don’t know if you’ve guessed yet, but I’m from London. (crowd laughing) It’s cool. It’s expensive.
It’s gotten gentrified a lot lately. A lot of
middle class people moved in to where I live. Any middle
class people in tonight? (crowd laughing) Kind of scared because you’re up north. (crowd laughing) In fact, yeah. It’s like exactly, you can be proud of who you are. You can’t control which vagina
you get pushed out of, right? It’s whatever. I’m not going to lay into
middle class people today. I feel like, you know,
there’s a whole hen party here of ladies celebrating
love, and I feel like I should just- oh, which
one of you is the hen? – [Woman] Lisa – Lisa? Lisa? You said
it like I was supposed to know who Lisa is. “Lisa obviously!” Sorry, Amy. Lisa, have you
been asked when the wedding is? – [Lisa] 3 weeks. – 3 weeks? Alright. You
good to go? You ready? Ready to say goodbye to all
this dickity dick, Lisa? Girlfriend’s “She’d never
heard of dick before!” You’ve been sucking on
plastic dicks all day ladies. (crowd laughing) Which is fine. Lisa, I
have a question for you. Did you ever buy your fianceé flowers? – [Lisa] No. – No. Lisa, Lisa, Lisa. (Man boos) We’re not booing Lisa.
For God’s sake gentlemen. (Crowd laughing) I’ve been thinking about
this lately, Lisa, you know. I’m always pushing for
a more equal society, and I was just thinking
to myself, you know. How come no one ever buys
straight men flowers? I like flowers? They
make the room fragrant. You know, they improve the aesthetic of the living room. It’s
nice to have green stuff outside of my rizla. So… (Crowd laughing) That’s right cop, I said it. I smoke wiggity weed.
Am I telling the truth? Am I lying? You’ll never know.
In the context of this show. (mysterious laughing) It’s almost decriminalized
anyway, we can relax. Now… at least I want you to know my job is to observe, not to judge, okay. Nothing wrong with that. Society tells us that men don’t like
flowers. I’m just saying, I like flowers, but it’s
very rare as a straight man, you get flowers. You know
what you normally have to do as a straight man to get flowers? Win an Olympic gold medal. Which is hard. (Crowd laughing) Or die. It’s hard to smell
flowers when you’re dead. (Crowd laughing) And I never used to get an attitude about this whole thing, but
this new dating phenomenon that really pissed me
off, that there are now people that go on dates with people they don’t necessarily
like because they like the restaurant they’re going to. It’s called a foody call.
Have you guys heard of this? Yeah, some of my friends are like, “Hey Dane, I’m going on
a date with this guy. I don’t like him that much, but I like the restaurant we’re going to. And a girl’s got to eat.” Are you fucking kidding me? Shame. I would never go for drinks with a woman I wasn’t attracted to. I would drink until she became attractive.
And then we’ll see how the night unfolds. (crowd clapping) I’m just saying as a straight guy, it is very rare that you get a free meal, with the possibility of
getting fucked afterwards. You know what you would
normally have to do, to get a free meal and
maybe get fucked afterwards? Go to prison. Am I right
officer? You know what I’m talking about, yeah! (Crowd laughing) Man, that has been cathartic for me. (Crowd laughing) If you would like to hear or see any more of my stuff, or set up
some kind of surveillance, then you can find me on YouTube, or all your good social networks. My name is Dane Baptiste. If
you do have a smart phone, please do be careful with a smart phone, don’t get addicted to these things because a couple years
ago, came back from tour, and I wanted to go away on holiday. Texted a friend of mine, was like, “Hey man, I want to unwind.
Let’s go on holiday. I want to go to Malia.
Mistyped that in the phone. Auto correct sent us to Somalia. And, I mean it was
still fun, good weather, boat parties. (Crowd laughing) Not the type of time I was looking for. I’ve been Dane Baptiste,
have a wonderful night. Thank you very much. Goodnight! (crowd cheering) – Dane Baptiste everybody! Right, now it’s break time.
Go and get some drinks, some pizzas and stuff. I’ll
see you after the interval. Give it up again for Dane
Baptiste! See you in a minute. (bouncy funk music playing) – [Man] Ladies and
gentlemen, the bar is open, so grab yourselves a drink.
Grab yourselves a pizza from the far end of the bar
and be back in your seats in about 15 minutes. Thank you. ♪ How does it feel to be one
of the beautiful people ♪ ♪ Now that you know who ♪

Another Poll Shows Medicare For All Is A Winning Issue For Democrats


According to a new CBS news poll, 56% of people
here in the United States believe that providing healthcare is something the federal government
should do for the people of the United States. 56% say, hell yeah, there needs to be a government
run healthcare program. And what’s shocking is that nearly half of
these people who say the government should be running a healthcare program, nearly half
of them also say, even if it means getting rid of private insurance. Now, this same CBS news poll says that roughly
75% of the people they talked to said they actually do like their insurance. 75% like their insurance, which obviously
means 75% of people have never had to stay for a few days in a hospital or go in for
an emergency surgery because that number seems a little bit high. But nonetheless, you can like it but the portent
thing is 56% say government gotta get in the business of providing healthcare. Even if it means we lose what we’ve got because
we’re going to gain something better. The point of this poll. The reason this is significant is because
this is the latest in a long line of polls showing that people want government run healthcare
is because last night at the democratic debate, you had Democrats up on that stage, alleged
Democrats. You had Klobuchar, you had Buttigieg, you
had some other folks, Biden and Harris saying, no, people need to have choice. We can’t just have a government run program. Maybe make it part of Medicare for all who
want it. As we have repeatedly said, Medicare for all
who want it is basically being set up to fail. Just like the affordable care act, Medicare
for all who want it can be dismantled because if you only have certain percentage of the
population that’s below 100 who say, yes, I want this plan later on, the government
can come in when Republicans control everything again and eventually they will. Eventually Democrats will, but they can come
in and say, we’re just going to get rid of it. They have that authority. Yeah. People might get pissed off, but they’ll also
forget about it. Cause as a whole, as a public, we’re kind
of stupid. That’s just the way we are. But if you enact it and you say, this is the
only game in town, this is what everybody gets rich and poor alike. This is your healthcare. You don’t have to do anything. You just go to a doctor, you fill out your
name, you get diagnosed, and you leave. They do that. You can’t take that away. I mean legislatively speaking, you could,
but you couldn’t do it without massive public backlash. And that’s why on this particular issue, again,
and this is based on the polling, you go big, you go all the way. Because if you half ass it, like they half-assed
the affordable care act, it’s going to get destroyed. It’s going to get dismantled and it’s going
to end up being something that people aren’t even sure if they like it or if they don’t,
or even if it does anything for them. You got to go big. This is what the public wants. Medicare for all, anything less is a losing
issue for the Democrats.

Bill Weld: GOP Presidential Primary Candidate


The following is a New
Hampshire Primary 2020 special presentation,
The Exchange Candidate Forums from NHPR in partnership
with New Hampshire PBS. Hello, I’m Laura Knoy. Welcome to the Exchange
Candidate Forum series. We’re sitting down with
presidential candidates for the 2020 primary. And today, we’re talking
with Republican William Weld, a former governor
of Massachusetts. And so let’s begin. Governor Weld, welcome, and
thank you for being here. Thank you so much. Well, let’s start with
foreign policy, Governor, given what has been
happening in the news. Just yesterday, the
White House announced the US has begun
withdrawing troops from Syria’s border with Turkey. As you know, there is a
lot of concern about this– that the departure could
have dire consequences for the battle
against ISIS, make way for war between Turkish
and Kurdish forces– Kurdish forces, as you know,
fighting with American forces. President Trump
has said it’s time to bring American
soldiers home, Americans are tired of these endless wars. What’s your view
of the situation? My view is that the Kurds
have been our strongest allies in the Middle East
for a long time, with the possible exception,
of course, of Israel. But they fought with us
in Iraq and in Syria. Turkey, on the
other hand, has been pretty cozy with Nusra, who are
on the other side of the deal. And I can’t imagine
why the president decided to essentially betray
the Kurds on no notice. You know, people say that
in the telephone call he had with President
Erdogan that he had first took a strong line and
said, no, no, we’re going to stick with the Kurds. And Erdogan rolled him and
forced him to change his mind. He said, oh, OK. Now, I don’t know whether it’s
because he has investments in Turkey, I don’t know what it
is, but it doesn’t speak well. Then after being rolled,
the president then waved a shibboleth and said, I’m
going to ruin Turkey’s economy if they go ahead with this. Meanwhile, the
Turks have announced that they prepared their
attack, so the Kurds are trying to figure out, should
they just dig their own graves and prepare to die. I mean, it’s not something
that’s going to resonate well, either in the Middle East or
anywhere else where people have to rely on America as an ally. Americans are tired of wars
in the Middle East, tired of conflicts there. There is a sentiment in some
quarters to bring troops home. So what is the bar for
you, Governor Weld, of when you would put
American service members’ lives on the line, and
when you would say, no, that’s not our fight? Well, I do not believe in
sending boots on the ground into another country just
because we see something there we don’t like. You could almost
argue that that was the situation in Iraq in 2003. On the other hand, the
betrayal of the Kurds, who have been a
strong ally, leaving them to be overrun in
a day by the Turks, who really hate the Kurds– they regard them
as secessionists– is just too strong a medicine. That that’s not
non-interventionism, that’s betrayal. In addition to
Syria, as president, Governor Weld, what would
your top two foreign policy priorities be–
recognizing there are a lot of foreign hotspots–
but pick two, please. Well, my number
one priority would be to start being
good to our allies again, instead of regularly
insulting them and cozying up to dictators and
alt-right leaders, of whom Erdogan
certainly is one. But Mr. Trump, as so
often, figures out what’s the wrong thing to
do, and then does it and then doubles down on it, like
cozying up to Putin. And he at first didn’t
like Kim in North Korea, then he found out that Kim had
killed his uncle, and he said, what a strong kid. Then he found out
that Kim had killed his own brother, the one who
was poisoned at the airport by the two young women. He said, whoa, that kid– I just I fell in
love with this kid. What about you,
governor, though? What would what would your top
foreign policy priorities be? Obviously, you disagree
with the president. You wouldn’t be running
against him if you didn’t. But how about you? What would you pick
as a top priority? Well, I think climate change
is a foreign priority. You have to deal with China
and the rest of the world, and that’s something
that has to be done. And that’s an existential
threat, not just part of our country,
but to the planet. So that would kind of
have my full attention. Then the relationship
with China would be front and center
in my thinking, but that’s the most important
bilateral relationship in the world. And you know, it lies in my
mind that Xi Jinping, when he came in, said of
the United States, we have 1,000 reasons
to be friends. I agree with him. We intersect on
entirely too many planes to try to make foreign policy
through tariffs and threats and sanctions all the time. The president’s foreign
policy is entirely negative, and his policy doesn’t rely at
all on soft power and diplomacy and on preparation for meetings. He flies into these
meetings blind. So I would pay a
lot of attention to the relationship
with China, and I think it could be across
a multitude of issues. I think the best way to solve
the North Korea issue might be with the participation
of China and South Korea as well, a regional solution. And that would obviously take
some negotiation and some doing, but it’s a
heck of a lot better than just making your
foreign policy by saying, I just slapped another
huge tariff on China. Now, we’re losing that war. Our consumers are
paying those tariffs. They’re not being
paid by the Chinese. What about
Afghanistan, governor? We noted that it’s
been 18 years this week since the US went to
war in Afghanistan. Would you be the president
that gets the US out? Yes, I would, in year one. I say that with a heavy
heart because right now, the troops that are over there– I think of them as sitting
duck nation builders, and it’s not a
country where you’re going to go build a nation. When we went in there 18
years ago, we, the CIA, called up Moscow
because we didn’t want to start World War 3 there. We said, we just
want you to know we’re going into Afghanistan,
they’re very close to you, we want to be sure we
don’t start World War 3. The Russian almost
died laughing. He said, we want to wish you
a lot of luck in Afghanistan, and whatever you do,
don’t read about what happened when we went in there. Don’t read about what happened
when the British went in there. It’s a sink, it’s a swamp. And I know the Taliban
are not nice people, to put it mildly, but talk
about a “land war in Asia.” This is a land war in
mountainous Asia as opposed to jungle Asia, but
it’s the same principle. Did you support the invasion
of Afghanistan back in 2001? I wasn’t on one
side or the other. Matter of fact, I
can’t even remember it. One more question
on foreign policy, and then I want to turn you
over to my colleague, Lauren Chooljian. We got a question from
a listener, William, who asks, how would the Weld
administration contribute to ending the war
in eastern Ukraine, and would Weld support the NATO
entry of Georgia and Ukraine? And William, it’s
a great question. Thank you for contributing. Well, right now, Ukraine is EU. It’s not a NATO ally. Yeah, I would support
Ukraine going into NATO. It would drive the
Soviets nuts, but it would have to be part of
a larger conversation. You mean Russians,
not the Soviets? Yeah, sorry. Dating myself. But I think as president,
I would tell Ukraine that I’d be there with
as much military aid as they need to deal with the
Russians in eastern Ukraine. No limits to that. And Ukraine is kind of an
informal buffer between Russia and the rest of Eastern
Europe, and that’s very important to
us, so I would be a major military ally of them. I’d be for them in NATO, and
that would not go down well with Russia, precisely
because Ukraine is a buffer between Russia and
the rest of Eastern Europe. And Russia, very obviously,
wants its boundaries to be the boundaries of the
pre-end of Cold War Soviet Union, and that’s not
something we can sit still for. We have to worry about
the Baltics, too, and I would go to Belarus and
try to pry them away from Putin so that the security
of the Baltics was not further endangered. Go ahead, Lauren. I’ll turn to you. Good morning, Governor Weld. Turning now to your
campaign, I don’t think I’m making any news here
that this is a long shot bid. You’ve acknowledged
as much yourself when you’ve come
to New Hampshire. It’s getting less long
shot all the time. It’s getting less–
we’ll get to that. So the president is
polling extremely well among the Republicans,
you know this. And so one listener,
Jessica, asked us, “What is Governor
Weld’s strategy to defeat an
incumbent president?” My strategy is to
spend a lot of time here in New Hampshire
and other key states. There are 20 states that
permit crossover voting, where Democrats and independents
can take a Republican ballot. I think the
President’s strategy is to try to have the electorate
be as narrow as possible, have it consist of
the Republican state committees, which are the Trump
Organization in each state. That’s where you get
these polls that say it’s 100 to nothing for Trump. They have a very narrow screen. My feeling is that the
Democrats and Independents have a slightly different view. Millennials, who are going to
suffer from the trillion dollar deficits, they’re going to
suffer from Trump’s inattention to climate change because
he thinks it’s a hoax– which, by the way,
is ridiculous– and have those people
vote in those primaries. So you know, in New
England, I frankly hope to win all six New
England states. I’ve been on Boston
TV for a long time, and that covers many
of those states– Vermont, Massachusetts,
our Super Tuesday states– as is California,
as is Wisconsin. So those would be
early ports of call. But I go where the action is. I’ve been to a number
of forums and debates that included
Democrats, and I’ve been the lone Republican there. And frankly, I’ve done
pretty well there– at the NAACP meeting in Detroit,
at the Association of Black Journalists in Miami– three or four of them. And so I’ve met
all the Democrats and I’ve been out
there with them, and on some of
those occasions, I think you’ll find the press
has reported that I did better than the Democrats did. So I think I can hold
my own with anybody. And now increasingly,
it’s become apparent that the president
is jangled up. At this point, I’m not sure why
he would want the job he has. He doesn’t seem to enjoy it,
and he could make such a deal for himself if he had anything
like an exit scenario– make way for Mike
Pence, make way for a governor of
South Carolina. So we’ve got your strategy. Now, you’ve been pretty clear
that the end goal, of course, is to win, but also to
weaken President Trump. But you know the history here. Incumbent presidents
who’ve faced challenges from within their own party
don’t often win re-election. But if a Democrat ends up
in the White House in 2020, are you cool with that? Well, I’m not cool with Mr.
Trump ending up in the White House in 2020, and
under no circumstances would I ever support him for
any office, federal or state. I just think the guy is cut
loose from his moorings. He doesn’t have a sense
of right and wrong. He’s absolutely heedless of
any restraint of law or custom or the Constitution. People who have worked with
him in business in New York say he thinks law
is an opponent, it’s an obstacle to be
gotten around and tricked into not applying
with his fleets and battalions of lawyers. So he’s got exactly the
wrong mindset, the wrong head on his shoulders for someone
to come in and take over the highest office in the land. And I think he poses
an existential threat to our American democracy. So I think the stakes
could not be higher. But you are running as
an R, as you call it, and so that would be
handing the White House over to the opposing party. You don’t feel any
discomfort with that? Well, who knows what’s
going to happen. Some third party might come
in– it wouldn’t be me, I’m not going to run as an
independent or third party. But if Mr. Trump– I see now the Economist poll,
a majority of the country thinks he should be not
only impeached but removed. And some much smaller
percentage, between 20% and 30% of Republicans think he
should be removed, which means convicted in the Senate. You know, when I started
this, the pundits were saying, well, if Weld can create
a problem for Trump with 20% of the Republicans,
you know, that would weaken him and probably will happen
for the sixth time in a row, that an incumbent president
who is challenged in a primary and in their own party
does not win re-election. Well, now you got 20%
that want him removed– not just not
reelected, but removed. So that’s a deep feeling. And in The Economist
poll, it was 51% of the country that
wanted him removed. That’s really remarkable. Well, there will be some states
where that feeling may not be able to be enacted
on by some voters. You know this while you wrote
an op-ed with the other two Republicans who were
running in the primary. We got a listener question
about these states like Nevada, South
Carolina, where Republicans have canceled the primary. So you called this a
“critical mistake,” so we know you’re obviously
not happy about it. But do you have
plans to challenge this decision in court? Like, what can you
do and what do you think this says about the
state of the party right now? Well, those decisions
by those state parties will be challenged
by individual voters claiming correctly that it’s a
violation of equal protection. But not you? No, I’m not going
to file lawsuits. I don’t have to. They’ll be filed by
individuals and we don’t have to underwrite that. But they’re going
to pay, they’re going to waste all the
money in litigation that they thought they
were going to gain by not holding a primary. P.S., to say, oh, we’re going
to cancel these elections because we’ll save money
on the expense of holding the election, I would have
said that holding elections was pretty essential to the
functioning of our democracy. And their other excuse– doubtless supplied by the Trump
Organization in Washington– was well, it’s not unprecedented
for a party in a state to not hold a
primary when there’s a president of their own party
running without opposition. We have two two-term Republican
governors and a congressman from Illinois, who I must say
is showing a lot of spunk, all running against
this president. So their stated reason for
canceling these primaries doesn’t apply. That’s what makes me think
it came out of Trump Central. I’m laughing about you saying
that they have a lot of spunk because I’ve seen
you on TV with them, and I don’t know, doesn’t
seem like a normal opponent. You don’t really
take jabs at them. I mean, do you see
them as your opponents, and why should someone
in New Hampshire choose you over the two of them? Well, I must say I get a
big kick out of Joe Walsh. He’s full of spirit and he’s a
real long cool glass of water. I did say the other
day that I don’t agree with my good friend,
Mark Sanford, who said he’s not in favor of impeachment. He’s not sure
whether he would vote for Mr. Trump over Mr. Biden. He said he would support Mr.
Trump if he’s the nominee. None of those things are true
of me, so there are differences. There are policy differences. Both of those men are
social conservatives. I’m a distinct not
social conservative, not a movement conservative. I’ve led the fight
for pro-choice and for LGBTQ since the 1990s. In fact, I was out
there nationally sort of by myself for 20
years on both those issues. The one time I got to address a
Republican National Convention, my theme song was, I
want the government out of your pocketbook and
out of your bedroom. That’s a very succinct statement
of my political philosophy, and it’s not theirs. Well, speaking of your
political philosophy, you’ve had to answer a lot
of questions about this. You were the Libertarian
vice presidential nominee. You’ve endorsed Democrats. You’re running as an
R, as you call it. And we got a lot of
questions about this. You’ve argued you want to make
the Republican Party great again. Well, how are
Republicans supposed to trust you’ve got their
best interests in mind? Well, I’ve always had the
same mix of positions. I’m socially open,
supportive, a huge outreach to all ethnic groups
when I was governor to make them feel part
of the situation– so please give me names of
people who you would like to have appointed to
high state office, please tell me anything
you might need, is there an industry that
needs a tax credit– whatever. And I put them in my cabinet
and appointed them as judges. When I was governor
of Massachusetts, everybody felt like they had
a stake in the enterprise, and that’s the way it should
be for the United States. And that’s why, to me,
it’s so unfortunate that the president
calculates it’s in his best political interest to divide,
to stir up resentment, to get everybody’s teeth on edge. It’s straight out
of Breitbart News, and they think the more that
people are upset and resentful and hating other
people, now that’s Mr. Trump’s definition
of a nationalist. The most important
thing to a nationalist is that your people
hate other countries. The most important
thing to a patriot is that you love your own
country and the people in it, and Mr. Trump wants to roll
back the tide of history and pretend that America
never was a melting pot. You know, Adolf Hitler said the
United States isn’t a nation, it’s a hodgepodge. And what he meant by that
was it has people in it that are not white. Unfortunately, we’ve
heard echoes of that recently with the white
nationalists, somewhat supported by Mr. Trump
and his administration. Very quickly, Governor Weld,
you have been critical, as we just heard, of the
president’s temperament and behavior, calling his
conversation with Ukraine’s president treason,
and saying on MSNBC that the penalty for treason
under the US code is death. It is. We received a question
from Richard, a listener, about that, who
says, do you regret your inflammatory remarks about
the president, about treason? Quoting Richard
here, he says, “seems like the sort of crazy
thing Trump would say.” So what do you think? You sort of jumping
in the same pit? No, I mean, I was
head of the Criminal Division of the
Justice Department, so I’m very familiar
with US criminal code. Under Title 18 of
the US criminal code, the penalty for treason
is a one word sentence. The penalty for
treason is death, and I make that point to
show that treason is serious. I also think that the
president’s attempt to induce the head
of Ukraine to dig up dirt on his political rivals
for his own political benefit, under threat of the president
withholding $400 million of military aid– which the president of
Ukraine was well aware of, it happened five days
before their phone call– and then saying, we’ve
done a lot for you, and we can do a lot
more before you– I need a favor, though. And that’s a perfect
segue that we will pick up on the whole
impeachment discussion after a short break. We’ll continue with former
Massachusetts Governor William Weld, a Republican
presidential primary candidate, in just a moment. You’re listening to The Exchange
on New Hampshire Public Radio. You’re watching Primary
2020, The Exchange Candidate Forums from NHPR, produced in
partnership with New Hampshire PBS. This is The Exchange. I’m Laura Knoy. Today, it’s the first in our
primary 2020 candidate forums, and we’re talking with
Republican presidential hopeful William Weld. He’s a former governor
of Massachusetts. NHPR’s Lauren
Chooljian is also here, asking questions
of the governor. And let’s return to what
we started talking about before the break, and
that is impeachment. And Governor Weld,
how strong a case do you think House Democrats
have in beginning this process? They have an overwhelming
case for impeachment. I’ve said many
times, it’s 10 times the case for
impeachment that existed in the instance
of Richard Nixon. The obstruction of
justice alone, as detailed in the Mueller case– 10 felonies, trying to obstruct
an investigation into himself– that would be enough. But the Ukraine inviting
foreign interference is much stronger even than that. The two things that the
framers of our Constitution were most worried
about, as you can see from the debates in
Philadelphia in 1787, were foreign interference
in our affairs and corruption of public office
by using it for private gain. You have both of
those wrapped up with a nice bow in
the case of Ukraine. In the 1970s, you
served as staff counsel to the committee
investigating Richard Nixon. I believe I read you worked
with Hillary Clinton on that. That’s correct. What similarities do
you see, Governor Weld, between then and now? Well, the one similarity in the
case against the two presidents is obstruction of the
investigation and refusal to comply with subpoenas. And in the Watergate case,
we subpoenaed all kinds of documents from the White
House, different parts of the White House. And it came back– we have six
copies of the same document come back, and the
inculpatory, the bad material would have been airbrushed
out of three of them and still left in
the other three. So we knew they had
monkeyed with the evidence and destroyed evidence, and that
was Article III of impeachment. And I would suspect
there’s going to be an article like that in
the Trump impeachment, as well. Republicans on
Fox News this week have been saying this is all
democratic “psychotic hatred,” using their words,
against the president, and hatred against the
people who voted for him. They say it’s just part of
an ongoing campaign of hate and hysteria, and that Democrats
have never gotten over the fact that Donald Trump won. What’s your message to your
fellow Republicans, including those who are watching Fox News
and saying this is just all one big anti-Donald Trump effort? Look, I harbor no ill will
towards the guy personally. I’m in this because
of the effect that I think his presidency
is having on the country. I think it’s ruinous effect. But I’m very happy
to see him return to expanding his business
empire with and for the benefit of his family. That’s something he really
seems to enjoy doing, and I think that would
be better for anybody. But there’s no
personal animus there. There’s a political
concern that the country is being dragged under. You know, I go all
over the country. Everyone in this country is
tired, and as a matter of fact, they’re exhausted. And they shouldn’t have
to put up with that. They should be able to
go about the business of their own lives. But I talk to people
on the street, and they do not want to
talk about the impeachment or the conviction or the
removal or Mr. Trump at all. They frown and they go like
that with their thumbs. But they’d like to
get about the business of their ordinary lives, and
they can’t because of him. Well, and in a few moments,
we’ll also talk about some of those issues that
voters tell us, too, that they want to talk about–
climate change, health care. But one last question on
this, Governor Weld, please. Back in April, you
called impeachment “politically impractical.” Do you still feel that way? Doesn’t sound like it. No. I think it’s now the
duty of Congress. We know a lot more
than we did in April. And I would not have entered
this campaign back in 2017 right after the
president was elected. We didn’t know enough then. But now we know how he
comports himself in office and he’s got a long track
record and it’s, in my opinion, quite threatening
to the institutions of American democracy. Lauren, I’ll go back to you. Yeah, to your point
about this exhaustion that people are
feeling, we had a survey that we put out
earlier this summer to ask New Hampshire
primary voters what we should ask candidates
when we’re out on the trail. And we got an overwhelming
amount of responses about civility, so
I found one that I think really captures it. So we had a listener
ask, “how do you plan on bringing the
country together? Include specific
plans for overcoming the partisan bickering
among leaders, as well as concrete plans to
create a unified vision to move the country forward.” So specific and
concrete, if you please. Well, I would do exactly
what I did in Massachusetts in my first week in office. I would reach across the aisle
to the Democratic leadership and to anybody else
who in Congress or had a stake in the enterprise
of governing the United States and I’d say, let’s
all get together once a week for coffee and cookies. If you’re going to be having
a social friendly meeting with somebody within
the next seven days, you’re less inclined to
stab them in the back or run to the press and
say what a jerk they are. And that worked so well during
my two terms in Massachusetts that every governor,
every speaker, every Senate
president since then has done exactly the same thing. So people say to me,
how are you going to reach across the aisle, by
which they mean everything is so poisonous in Washington, the
R’s and the D’s hate each other so much, they’re locked in
this death spiral embrace. How are you going to
reach across the aisle? The way you reach
across the aisle is you reach across the aisle. It doesn’t cost anything. It’s like cutting spending. People say, how are you
going to balance the budget? How are you going to avoid
the trillion dollar deficit? The way you avoid the trillion
deficit is by cutting spending. So that speaks to this
listener’s specific plans about partisan bickering. What about the concrete plan
request for a unified vision for moving the country? So outside of Washington,
what could you, as president, do to bring people together? Well, I think you can appoint
bipartisan commissions, you can hold hearings
on the approaches that people around the
country think best. You know, if I get
there, I’m going to have a bipartisan cabinet. It’ll have Republicans,
it’ll have Democrats, it’ll have Independents,
it’ll have unenrolleds– it might even have a Libertarian
or two, believe it or not. Potentially, [inaudible]. And what about GOP
lawmakers who aren’t going to be very happy–
very pro-Trump lawmakers, and you know as
well as anyone there are a lot of people
in this party who are very happy with the president. How do you work with them? Well, I’ve always been
an economic conservative, not only on cutting
spending, but in emphasizing pro-growth policies. I cut taxes 21 times,
I never raised them. I’m a supply-sider in
economics, like my friend Larry Kudlow, who is one
of the president’s top economic advisors. Steve Moore, also– I’ve been close with
ideologically over the years. So I would have in
common with them wanting to maximize aggregate
national wealth, which I do think is important. I might have a little
bit more of a sneaker for doing something
about income inequality than some of the very most
conservative of those folks. But I’ve always been able to
get along with the Republican National Committee
until now, because I was a economic conservative
and I produced. And before me, there were
no Republican governors for 20 years, and after me
there were four in a row. So people like what they got,
so the proof of the pudding is in the eating. But people like
Haley Barbour, who is a longtime chairman
of the party– he and I got along
like ham and eggs. And I will say also that I’ve
known the senior Republicans in the Senate for quite a while,
and I’ve raised a lot of money with them. And after the Republicans
took both houses in ’94, Newt Gingrich invited me and
a couple of other governors down to essentially
lecture the troops that you could
take tough choices and still get re-elected. And I worked with every
single committee chair on economic issues and how to
position the Republican Party, so I’ve got kind of
a long history there. Governor Weld, I’d like to
turn back to climate change which, when we were talking
about foreign policy earlier, you said this would be
a top foreign policy priority for you. So specifically,
what are two or three actions that a President Weld
would take on climate change? There’s one action
that needs to be taken, and that’s to put
a price on carbon. So a carbon tax? No, I would call it a
carbon fee because I wouldn’t want a tax where the
government keeps the money. Either by legislation
or by executive order, and I think this is a
sufficient emergency, unlike a 250 foot high wall
at the southern border, which is perhaps not an emergency. It’s a pipe dream
for the president. But this would be an
emergency, and so I think the president
could even roll this out himself or herself. You say, look,
we’re going to have a price per ton of
people putting carbon into the atmosphere. Could be $25, could
be 40, could be 50. And then they can
imagine, they can decide how much carbon they want
to put in based on that price. And that would be
upstream, meaning it would be applied at the
wellhead for oil and gas companies, at the mine
shaft for mining companies, at the loading dock
for LNG importers. Even agriculture would
have to pay a little bit because they do introduce a lot
of carbon in the atmosphere. And then with the money
that was collected there, which would be about $200
billion a year at $50 a ton, you would then remit
that to the taxpayers. And it could be by repealing
the gas tax and the diesel tax, which is aimed at
the same objective. It could be by giving everybody
a check for payroll tax relief. It could be by giving
payroll tax relief aimed at lower income
taxpayers– that’s probably what I would do to get a
free shot at reducing income inequality– and that gets
you to where you need to be. The outcome you need
is to have so much less carbon in the atmosphere that
our atmosphere temperature does not rise by more
than 1.5 degrees centigrade between now and 2050. That’s the outcome,
so anything that’s not aimed at that outcome,
to my way of thinking, is not on point. And I’ve looked at
I think virtually all of the Democratic plans,
and they’re all about inputs. Senator Sanders says he’s
going to spend $16.3 trillion– he’s number one. Senator Biden, Vice
President Biden– $1.7 trillion. He’s in last place. But they’re all talking
about how much money they’re going to spend, which
is how they approach the budget, which
is why they can’t balance the budget either. So Governor Weld, we
did receive a question from Gerald who asked
specifically about “do you support
placing a fee on carbon to reduce CO2 emissions?” Sounds like you do. Yeah, that’s my plan. I’ve heard a lot of
people talk about this. If you impose this
fee or tax or whatever you want to call it on oil
companies, on natural gas companies and so forth,
how does that not come back to the consumer, though? I mean, those companies
aren’t going to eat the cost. They’re going to pass it on to
you and me and everybody else. Yeah, it does come back to the
consumer, and it’s regressive. That’s one of the only
problems with this plan, which is why you address
the regressive by when you’re giving the money back. So it collects only, you
know, $200 billion a year, and yet the payroll tax
collects 13.5 trillion. So there’s plenty of room to
give all that back to taxpayers so it’s revenue neutral. So you give me back
the money that I might have to spend because of that? Or you could target it
at lower income taxpayers so that it would address the
question of regressiveness. So I could just decide to
take that money and, you know, buy a less fuel efficient car. I mean, I could
just take the money and use it to spend
it on more carbon. Do you see what I’m saying? I’m not sure how that reduces
overall carbon consumption. Except as an individual,
you’re not a major emitter of carbon into the atmosphere. And the fact that your carbon
footprint may not be neutral– that’s not as much a part of the
problem as the amount of carbon that the coal and
oil and gas companies put in the atmosphere. One more question on
this, and then I’ll throw it back to Lauren. What about nuclear
power, Governor Weld? We did a show on this last week. It was real interesting. Would your administration
push for more nuclear? Because as you know,
the federal government has a major role in this,
since it has oversight through the Nuclear
Regulatory Commission. I absolutely would. I think nuclear should be about
25% of the base in our grid. And I’m not talking about
gigantic nuclear plants, I’m talking about vest
pocket nuclear plants. And people are
nervous about nuclear because they think of Fukushima
and the huge horrible accident there. Well, that was a
ginormous plant– more than one plant– built on a barrier reef. How stupid is that? So the first big wave comes
in, and they’re all washed away and corroded and
it’s a disaster. What’s vest pocket nuclear? Small. So-called Generation
IV, and some of these eat their own
waste, so you don’t have to worry about the
problem of nuclear waste. But you know, Alexandria
Ocasio-Cortez– her first draft of the Green
New Deal had nuclear in it, and then all the
extremely beautiful people said you can’t do that
because nuclear is dirty, because it makes waste. Well, that’s a
problem that we could solve with Yucca Mountain,
now that Harry Reid isn’t the majority leader
in the Senate anymore. I myself think it’s
going to be solved by technological developments
and carbon capture and sequestration. Probably the bottom
of the ocean is going to be the end, or
maybe these Gen IV, Gen V nuclear plants that
consume their own waste. So that problem is well on
its way to being solved, and people have been
saying for a long time, if only they could
invent something that had zero carbon
emissions and could generate an infinite amount of power. They did. It’s called the
atom, and we just have to change our mindset. And that would be a
place for the president to use the bully pulpit
and the appointments to the Federal Energy Regulatory
Commission and Nuclear Regulatory Commission to
get people who are not skittish about nuclear power. Well, it’s interesting because
the Pilgrim nuclear plant in your home state
recently shut down. Now there’s only two plants
left online here in New England. So we could talk about this
for a whole other hour. Just one point– I
mean, I know a lot of counties that are wide open,
that even have a nuclear plant already. Upstate New York comes to mind– Otsego, Oswego counties. They would love a nuclear
plant, another one, because they know it’s a great
neighbor, great employer, really no problems, no risk. I’m sorry, it’s a
myth that these things are terribly dangerous. Well, “no risk” might be
stretching it a little bit. Well, if it’s small plants
and with the new technology, really it’s not going
to have much risk. Let’s turn it back
to you, Lauren. Yes, switching
gears now to guns. I have to say I’m
a little confused about your position on guns,
because on the one hand, as governor and in
the ’90s, you proposed some of the tightest gun
control laws in the country. But then on the other hand,
you indicated recently when you were in New Hampshire
that the Second Amendment– you see it as a
way for the public to protect itself against
government overreach. So help me thread
the needle here. Where are you on these things? I do think it was my time
with the Libertarian ticket that brought it home to me
that the gun issue involves self-defense and
not just hunting. But as far as what
we should do now to address the mass
shootings, I think the best ticket is the red flag
laws that give either a family member or coworker or anyone
else the right to go to a judge and say, this person
has six guns at home, they’re carrying around a list
of people they’d like to kill, they have a history of violence
and maybe domestic violence, but there’s evidence
they have a screw loose. They have expressed support and
sympathy for Islamic jihad– whatever. And this is not a
made up example. And several of the
shootings a few years ago, not even under
Mr. Trump, the FBI had investigations
of the shooter, and they had to close them and
so they couldn’t pursue them. But I would probably
have more FBI agents so they could work on
the pool of these people. And so that’s calculated
to keep a weapon, and all weapons are dangerous. It’s not just rifles. Anyway, you can get killed just
as dead with a Derringer as you can with a .30-06 rifle. And keep them out of
the hands of people who shouldn’t have them. You see what I
mean though, here? You’re in a lot of buckets. How hard is it going to be when
you’re talking to Republicans, Libertarians– very
different views, especially in New Hampshire,
on the ability to own a gun. How do you have
those conversations? No, I’m not saying go
after gun ownership. There are 300 million
rifles out there in private hands that
were lawfully acquired, and if the government says, we
want all those to be licensed and you have to come in and
show it to the police chief every year– down the road, year
three, four, five– I wouldn’t be surprised
if the police chief says, Harry, it’s nice to see you,
but this year, that rifle– that .22 rifle–
is staying with us. It’s been done in
other countries, and what usually
happens is people who were opposed to the
regime get slaughtered. Hitler made it impossible
for the Jews to own firearms, so when the knock
came at the door in the middle of the night,
they got sent to the camps. They couldn’t resist. Joe Stalin in
Russia, even worse. So what about in the ’90s,
some of the other things that you proposed was a
ban on assault weapons. Where are you on that now? Is that something that, as
president, you’d bring back? If assault weapon means an
automatic weapon, or something with such force that it
obviously has no sporting use, yeah. But you know, a regular
rifle doesn’t, in my view, become an assault weapon
because you take a picture of it with a tripod underneath it. There was a definition
of assault weapon, I think, in the 1994 crime bill. We might need to go
back and look at that. Well, coming up, more of
our 2020 primary candidate forum with former Massachusetts
Governor William Weld. We’re going to talk about health
care and a couple other issues, and we’ll keep folding in
questions that listeners submitted in advance. More of The Exchange
is coming up in just a moment on New
Hampshire Public Radio. You’re watching Primary
2020, The Exchange Candidate Forums from NHPR, produced in
partnership with New Hampshire PBS. This is The Exchange. I’m Laura Knoy. Joining me today,
NHPR’s Lauren Chooljian, with a special broadcast,
the first in our primary 2020 candidate forums, this
time with Republican and former Massachusetts
Governor William Weld. And Governor, let’s
turn to health care. A listener, Sue,
asks very simply, how would you fix health care? Well, I wouldn’t repeal
the Affordable Care Act. It had added 20 million people
to the rolls of the insured, and that was a major blow for
truth, freedom, and justice in terms of lowering
costs, so you don’t want to throw the
baby out with the bath. I do think there’s
too much government in the structure of
the regulatory system as it now exists. I would want to
put, as usual, power in the hands of individuals,
and say that individuals could have health
savings accounts, and they could put away money
on a tax-advantaged basis, like retirement accounts,
which we already have. And they could set
aside as much money as they wanted to guard against
a potential catastrophic health event in their family. That way, you wouldn’t have
to have the government telling everybody, as is now the case,
you need a Cadillac plan. Everybody has to have a
Cadillac plan under the ACA. If they want to have
a Chevrolet plan, they should be able to do that. And people make that kind
of decision for themselves all the time. The Affordable Care Act, as you
know, includes the exchanges. This is a private option
we can go on a marketplace, get a subsidy if you’re
of moderate to low income. So that sounds kind of like
what you’re talking about, Governor Weld– a Cadillac plan or
a lower-tier plan. So how is what you’re suggesting
different from what is already offered under the
exchanges on the ACA? No, I’m saying that you should
have a tax advantage for people putting away money in these
private personal savings accounts, so they’re
making the decision. And starting to say people
make that kind of decision all the time. If they’re buying
insurance, you know, somebody who can’t take a
hit wants no deductible, somebody who wants to pay
less for the insurance wants a high deductible. And there’s a
bunch of other sort of government restrictions
in the current system that I don’t understand. I don’t understand why we
can’t buy health insurance across state lines,
I don’t understand why people can’t go to Canada
to buy prescription drugs. Of late, I have been
coming around to the view that Medicare should have the
ability to negotiate prices with Big Pharma. Big Pharma did not acquit
itself satisfactorily, in my view, when they
testified before the House, and really were not able to
explain why they’re charging us three times as much
in the United States as they do in Germany. Talking about selling
plans across state lines, as you know, insurance
commissioners around the country
oppose this idea. It could erode state
consumer protections, lead to skimpy coverage,
higher premiums, so the insurance commissioners
don’t like this idea. What’s your response? But they’re defending
their kingdom. It’s like the guild mentality. People who got in there
and established their trade in a guild, they didn’t want
anyone else getting in there and qualifying to join
their guild because they wanted to divide up
the profits themselves. Importing drugs from Canada– I’d love to talk to you
about that a little bit more. Canada has said, first of
all, just very specifically, if this were to happen, they’d
be overwhelmed by demands from the American market. So how feasible is that really? I don’t know. I think they could
probably get more drugs to sell if it looked like
a very lucrative venture for the Canadians. There’s a systemic issue,
in addition to would they have the supply. Drugs are cheaper in
Canada, as you know, because people have
universal health coverage and the government
regulates prices. So to say let’s import
drugs from Canada, that comes with a whole
different system attached. Governor Weld, it’s not
just about the drugs. You’re a free market
guy, so are you saying let’s import the Canadian
health system writ large? No, no. Not at all. Don’t like those wait times. I’m just saying
this is a commodity, and people should
be able to buy it. I’m not talking about
importing a system. But the drugs are cheap
because of the system. But the drugs are cheaper. OK, I don’t know if
we’re going to be able to get out of this one. But lastly, as you know, the
pharmaceutical companies have said, look, we charge
full price in America to cover those important
research and development costs. And if we can’t
charge those costs and we have to charge reduced
rates like we do elsewhere, we’ll never be able to invest
in important cancer drugs and so on and so forth, Governor Weld. I’m sure you’ve
heard this before– for every successful
drug, there’s lots of drugs that
never make it to market. Pharma is not going
to like your idea to import drugs from Canada. They say they need
that profit margin. Well, I understand. I don’t think it’s
that big a dollar item. And if they’re saying
we have to charge US consumers for the costs
of research worldwide, I’m not sure why that
should be just US consumers. You mentioned health
savings accounts, and certainly that is a feature
in today’s health care system. They help you pay,
Governor Weld, but they don’t really
lower the overall cost. So it’s still expensive, I’ve
just saved up for an expense that many Americans
say is too much. So how does health
savings accounts really help to the bigger problem,
lowering health care costs? Well, they help you pay, sure. But pay something that
is incredibly expensive? Well, if you want to lower costs
as opposed to helping you pay, then you don’t have the
government telling everyone they have to have a
Cadillac plan, which is the current system. Let’s move on to
the opioid crisis. Again, this is kind
like nuclear power. We could talk about
this for a long time. I do want to ask you
about drug policy. You support marijuana
legalization, including serving on the board
of a marijuana and cannabis investment firm. States’ rights. If Alabama doesn’t
want to legalize it, Alabama shouldn’t
have to legalize it. So you’re not in favor
of federal legalization, but state by state? I am in favor of taking
it off schedule 1, so it’s not a complete felony
and you can’t even study it. I have taken it on myself
to study the research that’s been done in Israel
over the last 30 years with essentially a 20,000
person human trial. And the health benefits, as
disclosed by Hebrew University in Jerusalem, are staggering. When they introduce CBD
with other cytotoxins, which are tumor-killing agents,
into cancer patients, they make the
tumor-killing agents three times as effective. That is not just
addressing the pain of cancer victims,
that’s curing cancer, killing the tumor cells. So you’re saying the research
for the health benefits marijuana are promising? It exists, it’s just been
illegal to study cannabis in this country forever. It’s kind of a hangover from
“Reefer Madness” in the ’30s and ’40s, in my view. You know, the only place
that’s allowed to even grow it is the University of
Mississippi, until recently. Well, here in New
Hampshire, Governor, we’re in the midst, as you
know, of an opioid crisis. And many people in recovery
from substance abuse have said, don’t legalize pot. That’ll make our state’s
addiction problem worse. You’ll be easing access
to yet another drug. What’s your response to those
people that we’ve spoken to? I don’t agree with that. I think it’s been approved so
much that CBD, for example, any cannabis as a whole– Well, CBD is legal,
so we’re talking about marijuana, the THC, not
CBD, which is perfectly legal. So for PTSD of veterans,
why they should not be able to smoke cannabis,
which absolutely addresses their ill– right now, the
Veterans Administration law is if they do, and report it to
their case agent, so to speak, they get bounced out of VA, and
can’t even go to a VA hospital. And there’s a lot of people
who have abused it for pain, it addresses any disease
with spasticity– childhood epilepsy,
Parkinson’s, MS– I think it’s madness
not to take advantage of the curative properties
of this substance. One more question for you– I think it’s political, frankly. –about opioids. The federal government has
invested a lot of money in treatment here
in New Hampshire. We’re in the first year
of a two-year $46 million grant, so lots of money now
going out to expand treatment, prevention, and recovery. These are largely federal
dollars, Governor Weld. How much say should the
federal government have over how these dollars are spent? Well, I don’t know. I think the states can be
laboratories of democracy. It’s been one of my
themes in public life. Governor Charlie Baker, who
succeeded me in Massachusetts and is now the
governor, I thought did a great job on
addressing opioids. He got everybody in a room,
including the manufacturers, the doctors, he cracked heads. He said, OK, you doctors, you
have to accept protocols now for what and how much
you can prescribe based on condition A, B, and
C, and he really had an impact. And I think, as so often,
that can be a national model. We did it with welfare
reform and education reform. We created national models
when I was in office. So I would allow the states
to experiment and be creative. Lauren, go ahead. And so moving from
the opiate crisis– I mean, that crisis has
devastated many economies around New Hampshire, and so
I want to ask you specifically how, as president, you would
help some more rural economies across the country. We got a question
from Mary Lou, who says recent census information
shows 38% of New Hampshire children under five in a
female-headed household live in poverty. And she wants to know what’s
your plan to reduce poverty? To reduce poverty? Oh, I was going to say
a couple of days ago, I visited a community health
center in New Hampshire, which does marvelous work for
disadvantaged families– the whole panoply of curative
and preventative measures. For poverty, one
of the first things I did when I got into office was
to quadruple the Earned Income Tax Credit, which is kind
of like a negative income tax for people at the bottom– wage earners, but at the
bottom rung of the ladder. And it’s an obsession
with me to make sure that the door to
the middle class is not slammed shut in the
face of the working poor. And Charlie Baker and I–
he was my top finance guy– we’ve just spent
endless hours worriting about the person who has a
job that pays $29,000 a year and has a family of four. That person is living below
the federal poverty level, and I think we have
tens of millions of people in this
country right now living below the federal poverty level. And if you give them
payroll tax relief, if you increase the
Earned Income Tax Credit, you can make a start there. I hear you’re
sensitive to this idea that you don’t want the federal
government to be overreaching too much. But is there a role
for them at all here, or in other
issues that we deal with here in New Hampshire,
like affordable housing? Sure. I mean, Claire Meunier,
one of my advisors here, has taught me a lot about the
Low Income Housing Tax Credit. By the way, the two
things I mentioned– the Earned Income Tax Credit– You could do that
on a federal level. Those are federal. That’s federal, absolutely. So no, I think
there’s a big role for the federal government. And historically, I wasn’t
leading the parade on equality, everybody’s got to be
equal– because everyone doesn’t have to be equal. On the other hand, I now support
measures to directly address income inequality for
reasons of social cohesion. And it partly goes
back to the extent to which the country is now
divided, and people, as I say, have their teeth set on edge
and they resent other groups. Partly, that’s
because of the vitriol that’s spewing out of the White
House and the Oval Office. But it’s not good for business. So you know, you can support
income redistribution, greater income inequality
on moral grounds, and I would agree with you. But I would add that it’s
good on prudential grounds to guard against further
ripping of the social fabric. And the social
fabric is something we’ve kind of turned our backs
on in the last three years. We just have a couple minutes
left, hard to believe. And I did want to
ask you, what do you think President
Trump has done well? Well, he and I have sort of
the same take on the economy. As I say, I’m a supply-sider
and a pro-growth guy, and I think he is too. He says he is. And some of his
economic advisors are people who I’ve
been making common cause with over the years. And the unemployment
rate is in a good spot, and that’s a very
important thing. You know, the best
social program is a job, and whether or not his policies
have been pro-employment– and I think they
generally have– I would certainly continue,
and even adorn that. Sounds like you’re on par
with the president in terms of economic policy. We did receive several
questions from listeners about the deficit and concern
that it is growing too much. Yeah, I’m not on par
with the deficit. Because the tax
cuts and so forth? Well, no. That’s a national
security issue. We can’t allow ourselves to
depend on foreign governments to buy our treasury bills. And if you keep running these
deficits– and by the way I was rated the most fiscally
conservative governor in the United States
when I was in office, so I did the opposite
of running deficits. I’ve long been a champion of a
balanced budget Constitutional amendment at the federal level. So no, really the
first thing I would do is to close the
trillion dollar deficit. And someone who
doesn’t recognize sacred cows in
the budget because of not being a
creature of Washington can do that very quickly. I did it in
Massachusetts because I was new to state
government, so I didn’t know there were sacred cows. That’s what you’ve got to have. It’s just a question
of political will. It’s not hugely
complex economics to balance the budget. Go ahead, Lauren. I’ll throw it back to you. All right, we’re
ending on a fun note. I got two quick
questions for you. First is I understand you’re a
huge fan of the Grateful Dead– which live according to
you listen to the most? American beauty and Grateful
Dead are my two favorites. But there’s some long riffs
between Jerry Garcia and Bob Weir, which are probably
my favorite individual live recordings. All right. And then I understand you’re
an author– you’ve written three novels, I believe. So let’s say you’re president. You decided to start a
book club a la Oprah. What book would you
suggest that we all read? Well, I don’t think
you’d like it. But my taste runs
to Ford Madox Ford and “Parade’s End,” which
is a tetralogy of novels set in World War I. If you
want to have a good time, reread the Great Gatsby. That’s a real upper. So what would we all get
out of The Great Gatsby as citizens of America? Fun. No, I’m the one who wants to
put the fun back in everything, including even fundraising. That’s how much I like fun. You heard it here first. Governor Weld, in
terms of fun, would you do to make the
White House more fun? Would you bring in
pets, would you– Pets! You mentioned the cookie
parties that you used to have. Well, we would have our
ginormous Australian cattle dog as First Pet. But I think probably the
thing you would notice is we would have lots
of musical concerts. My wife and I are both
just totally music junkies, and we would bring in
bands from all over. Matter of fact, you may see
that during the campaign. I’ve heard that there are
a number of tribute bands– you know, Rolling Stones
addicted or Grateful Dead addicted– in New Hampshire,
and I think you may see, speaking
of vest pocket, some vest pocket rallies
with us and local bands. What’s your thought,
Governor Weld, that you want to leave
fellow Republicans with? Again, you are running
in a Republican primary. Here’s your chance to
say to Republicans, I’m not going to spoil it for
you, losing the White House– I’m going to win it, and
you should vote for me. Republicans. Right. Well, I think I’ve
shown that I can do the job that needs to be done. I think I could start Monday. I think I’m more grounded
on foreign policy than people who are running
the show now, certainly in terms of experimentation. Having been a governor for two
terms is a really good start, and you see a lot of
different approaches. And I would take
great joy in it, and I’m doing this not to
feather my own nest, not to help my hotels
around the world. I’m doing it to improve
the lot of the United States, the country I love. All right, we’ll
have to end it there. Thank you, Lauren, for
being with me today. Thanks, Laura. And a special thank you to our
guest, Republican presidential candidate, former Massachusetts
Governor William Weld. Governor, thank you. Thank you Laura,
thank you Lauren. And thank you for our
audience for joining us. This is The Exchange on NHPR. [music playing] This has been a New
Hampshire Primary 2020 special presentation,
The Exchange Candidate Forums from NHPR. [music playing]

Complex Closets : DJ Khaled Shows His Sneaker Closet


In this scene, you might be wearing these, but then I’ll do this. Don’t let me go in the box. You got my name on there. Kiss the ring. I still can’t believe I have them. I call these Bahamas. Every time I look up in here, I can’t believe
this shit. Then I remember, we have a mall. What’s up everybody, as you can see you know
where we are. after months of proving. Yes Everyone hitting this man up to get access
to this closet yes He has blessed complex with the exclusive Everybody has been hitting me up. we have
complex doing it, 60 minutes, every sneaker blog, everything dealing with life, Has been trying to get in this room. and right
now were going to do an exclusive. DJ Khaled. Greatness We promise you’ve never seen anything like
this. Let’s do it. I don’t even know where to start but were
going to try. We’re going to start. you see what’s going
on. you see this is one side of the room. hopefully the camera will get a full 360. You see the energy in this room. you see the
passion. you see the blood, sweat, and tears in this room. you see this wall. Look at this from top to bottom. you know
what I’m saying. I call this don’t ever play yourself. I call this wall, I call war ready, in case
somebody want to sound clash. We clash anytime, you know what I’m saying. Everybody always wanted to get that Yeezy.
I call these treadmill. you know what I’m saying. You know of course, you go to the classic
ones that broke ground that made it really like don’t play yourself. You know what I’m saying. and of course you
know, how it all started. you gotta remember we have a mall. You know what I’m saying. and if you notice.
you notice, right? You notice right? That’s stock. that’s stock. That’s what I’m trying to show you. And of
course. you know. Those. It’s very important when you see that. It’s very important when you see that. You
call that a fragment Yeah I call it give thanks for the stamp. you see
what I’m saying. that’s what we do it. if you notice before we get into detail. My MCM bags are filled with Jays. My Louis
Vuitton bags are filled with Jays. Don’t let me go in the box. Special we’d the best Miami heat edition box.
You know what I’m saying. We just got random sneakers, But these sneaker right here I got a gift
from Jordan. Um Reggie uh brand Jordan jutman 23, they put my logo on these. They know I love them. They put my name on
there. You know what I’m saying. They came in this box. A leather box. With the Jump man 23 logo. DJ Khaled. Leather.
the Vibe They made another pair. these are one of my
favorite Jordan’s of all time. I just like having these. These are so like
clean and fresh. you see that logo. this ain’t no costume. uh. God. No. This is Michael Jordan. This is Reggie. This
is from Brand Jordan. This is Jump Man 23. Don’t play yourself. What do you call those? I call thesthese. Give these thanks. and thank
you and I’m very grateful. How do you decide what shoes you keep in the
grab and go bags? Well, the grab and go bags because you know
when I travel Uh huh I got to be cautious on the road. it’s a red
carpet event. it’s a show. you might be in the studio with Jay Z one day. You know what I’m saying. I know they’re coming
with their kicks on. that’s why I have the mcm bags and the big duffle bags for. to pull
out something like this Yeah You should Yeah You should saying it like you might be wearing
these. I don’t think Jay Z has these But listen, you might be wearing these but
then I do this. Right. You see what I’m saying? I do it humbly. Aye,
aye, what’s up what’s good. they notice. Each of them have a story. You know what I’m
saying. Each shoe. I remember wearing this shoe. You know what I’m saying when I made this
record or what video. you know what I’m saying. I remember which one got the most talk when
I hit the red carpet with this stuff. You know what I’m saying? Yeah You see these things? Wow OG These are the OG Chrome sixes. You know what
I’m saying. You see these babies. Carolina Blue sixes. yeah I mean come on, bro. Like like you know what
I’m saying. we champions up in here bro. Kiss the ring. Know that. Bow down and kneel
to your inspiration. Now I rep 305 Miami Day County. When I walk
in with these its shut down. I call these summertime 305s. Look at this See that Florida sign. Then look at this one.
It’s got 305. These shoes mean so much to mean. It’s incredible. And then I call these. The You. Uh huh You see that. That’s Day county man. That’s
305 for real. You know what I’m saying. I take pride in these. You know what I’m saying. You know in time when I got older I realized
I had so many sneakers in my closet and I took pride in them so I needed up being I
guess a collector Yeah You know what I’m saying. But this is more my passion and my love this
ain’t no just happen two three years ago. I’m a classic. Icon. A legend. Let me ask you. If there’s a show missing.
You walk into this closet You immediately see there’s a shoe missing? Right now we have an investigation going on.
A street investigation. There’s five sneakers missing Really I hope it’s none of my friends. Uh huh I hope we miss placed them on the road. But the five sneakers that are missing are
like five bangers. so it’s kind of like suspicious. Okay But we got you know what I’m saying. We like
doubles and triples. You know the cool grey we got the OGs and the regular ones. Dogs okay. OGs. Give Thanks when you don’t
want to wear the OGs You know what I’m saying What I’m saying is like We’re going to find that person. Right When we do find them. Once we get them back.
I’m going to give them right back to them. Really and say, congratulation. You played yourself.
I hope these sneakers last forever for you. Wow And do yourself the biggest favor and bow
down. So Joe yeah You know we got this ladder you see this Carolina Blue fives More than Carolina blue fives. Joe do you
know what these are? These are the motor sports. Thank you. Motor. Motor sports fives Listen guys guys you have to be educated and
if you’re not it’s cool. I call these Bahamas Baby Blue waters. That’s what I call them. People call them
the motor sports. I call em Bahamas. Alright. Shout out to Drake. I call these
the OVOs. I have another pair of OVOs I’m not allowed to put in this room Wow Well, they’re in this room, I’m not allowed
to show you. Political reasons. Okay. Listen, all y’all watching this. You know
about this. But do you see what’s going on in here. Triplets. Doubles. Do you see the passion of the wood. I had
a special designer put a special wood in here. I didn’t want to put them in boxes anymore. I felt like you know what this is my home.
this is my life. I want to see my hard work. You know what I’m saying. Every time I look
up in here I can’t believe this shit. Do you think you have the best sneaker closet
in the world? Of course I do. but let me be humble because
I am humble. But I’m very confident in what I do and what I represent. We The best. but notice how I say we the best. Uh huh You know the reason why you’re here is because
you’re part of the best culture. Complex is part of the best culture. That’s why my brand is called We The best.
My fans they the best. My fans and my support might have a room like this and I can’t leave
them out. because they might have one like this. If not I want to inspire them to get one like
this. uh huh But yes I feel like I have the best sneaker
room because it’s a lot of a lot of vibe a lot of culture a lot of energy. now you see these sneakers right here? One of my all-time favorites. This is called
you wish you had these What’s the story behind those Well the story behind these is I still can’t
believe I have them Out of the corner of my eye I saw these Oregon
Dion Sanders I love them How did you get these? Well this was from a secret connect. I got
two of my guys who if you ever have to get sneakers and you can’t get em and you’re trying to
get something come to We The Best. We the Best Lifestyle but give thanks because
hell pull out thing like this and you have to get them. Lets talk about this section. You have you
shimmies, valenciagas Well yeah you know A little more of a high fashion look yeah, this is more of a high fashion look
this is like you know what I’m saying. I don’t wear too much high fashion sneakers unless
they dope These right here classic this is like you
gotta have every time I see a pair of these I buy them These things. You know the story behind these I want to hear it They only gave it to like I don’t know the
exact number I call these all eyes on me 2Pac voice. Okay You know what I’m saying? It’s a Five You
know what I’m saying These Supremes be crazy Supremes Supremes that’s like that’s hard You know random Air Force Ones the daylight
soles are up there you know what I’m saying Tiffany’s yeah You know what I’m saying yeah. Then you got
these in case you want to let people know get your money right. Crocodile you know what I’m saying. There’s
so many different sneakers man You notice on this wall right here these are
the every dayers but I will always buy as many pairs of These or try to ask for some as many as I
can get it so five man. Its DJ Khaled Boy Khaled I want to thank you for inviting us
into your crib and more special Thank you your closet Thank you man appreciate it This is going to be big Guys this is going to be big. Shout out to
complex y’all look out for my new album its coming out this year it’s called I changed a lot I changed a lot.
You know what I’m saying. I just thank all y’all for making my records
go number one and supporting my music supporting my team. if you ever come to Miami come to Miami finger
licking have lunch with me. You know what I’m saying? Thank you man Joe appreciate you man. Lets do it again. Yes I’m going to do part two were going to show.
you know when we’re leaving here well show them a glimpse of the old room that’s still
filled with sneakers Okay